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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733159/the-impact-of-a-bladder-training-video-versus-standard-urotherapy-on-quality-of-life-of-children-with-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
N Brownrigg, L H Braga, M Rickard, F Farrokhyar, B Easterbrook, A Dekirmendjian, K Jegatheeswaran, J DeMaria, A J Lorenzo
INTRODUCTION: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) can negatively impact the quality of life (QoL) of children. Urotherapy is an accepted treatment option for BBD; however, literature that examines the impact of management options on QoL in this population is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a bladder training video (BTV) is non-inferior to standard urotherapy (SU) in improving QoL in children with BBD. METHODS: Children aged 5-10 years and who scored ≥11 on the Vancouver Non-Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction/Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome Questionnaire (NLUTD/DES) were recruited from a pediatric tertiary care center...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730861/comparative-outcomes-in-children-and-adults-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#2
Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Anusha K Yeshokumar, Deanna Saylor, Ana Arenivas, John C Probasco
This study compared neurologic disability and adaptive function in children and adults >1 year following anti- N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis diagnosis. Retrospective record review identified 12 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. At last follow-up, all surviving patients had "good" modified Rankin Score (0-2). Four children, 6 adults, and their families participated in a telephone interview. Median duration since diagnosis was similar for children (2.42 years, interquartile range 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725955/biologics-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Federica Vanoni, Francesca Minoia, Clara Malattia
In the past years, pediatric rheumatology has seen a revolution in the treatments for rheumatic diseases, particularly juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Even if nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), intra-articular corticosteroids (IAC) injections, and methotrexate remain the mainstay of the treatment for JIA patients, in aggressive disease, these treatments may be not sufficient to reach disease remission and to prevent long-term disability. Comprehension of immunological mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the diseases allowed to conceive new drugs targeting specific steps of the immune response...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724449/novel-promoters-and-coding-first-exons-in-dlg2-linked-to-developmental-disorders-and-intellectual-disability
#5
Claudio Reggiani, Sandra Coppens, Tayeb Sekhara, Ivan Dimov, Bruno Pichon, Nicolas Lufin, Marie-Claude Addor, Elga Fabia Belligni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Flavio Faletra, Giovanni Battista Ferrero, Marion Gerard, Bertrand Isidor, Shelagh Joss, Florence Niel-Bütschi, Maria Dolores Perrone, Florence Petit, Alessandra Renieri, Serge Romana, Alexandra Topa, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Tom Lenaerts, Georges Casimir, Marc Abramowicz, Gianluca Bontempi, Catheline Vilain, Nicolas Deconinck, Guillaume Smits
BACKGROUND: Tissue-specific integrative omics has the potential to reveal new genic elements important for developmental disorders. METHODS: Two pediatric patients with global developmental delay and intellectual disability phenotype underwent array-CGH genetic testing, both showing a partial deletion of the DLG2 gene. From independent human and murine omics datasets, we combined copy number variations, histone modifications, developmental tissue-specific regulation, and protein data to explore the molecular mechanism at play...
July 19, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718963/peer-support-for-families-of-children-with-complex-needs-development-and-dissemination-of-a-best-practice-toolkit
#6
J Schippke, C Provvidenza, S Kingsnorth
BACKGROUND: Benefits of peer support interventions for families of children with disabilities and complex medical needs have been described in the literature. An opportunity to create an evidence-informed resource to synthesize best practices in peer support for program providers was identified. The objective of this paper is to describe the key activities used to develop and disseminate the Peer Support Best Practice Toolkit. METHODS: This project was led by a team of knowledge translation experts at a large pediatric rehabilitation hospital using a knowledge exchange framework...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716081/impact-of-a-nurse-led-telephone-intervention-on-satisfaction-and-health-outcomes-of-children-with-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-and-their-families-a-crossover-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Béatrice Fonjallaz, Laura Rio, Sandra Zoni, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Joachim Rapin, Christophe Gueniat, Michaël Hofer
BACKGROUND: Children suffering from rheumatic disease are faced with multidimensional challenges that affect their quality of life and family dynamics. Symptom management and monitoring of the course of the disease over time are important to minimize disability and pain. Poor disease control and anticipation of the need for treatment changes may be prompted by specialist medical follow-up and regular nurse-led consultations with the patient and families, in which information and support is provided...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715915/the-uses-of-outcome-measures-within-multidisciplinary-early-childhood-intervention-services-a-systematic-review
#8
Samuel Calder, Roslyn Ward, Megan Jones, Jenelle Johnston, Mary Claessen
Purpose of the article: To review the use of outcome measures, across the domains of activity, participation, and environment, within multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken that included four electronic databases: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library and Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. Inclusion criteria were age 0-24 months, having or at risk of a developmental disability, in receipt of multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services, and included outcome measures across all domains of the International Classification of Functioning-Child & Youth (ICF-CY)...
July 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715116/delayed-transplantation-may-affect-intellectual-ability-in-children
#9
Jiwon M Lee, Yeon Kyung Jung, Jeong-Hoon Bae, Sun Ah Yoon, Ju Hee Kim, YoungRok Choi, Hyeyoung Kim, Kwang-Woong Lee, Hye Young Ahn, Jae Won Kim, Min-Sup Shin, Kyung-Suk Suh, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang, Nam-Joon Yi
BACKGROUND: Decline in neurocognitive function is a reported complication in children with chronic illness. Concerns have been increasing that exposure to a major surgery or trauma may negatively impact cognitive performance in children. This study has evaluated cognitive function in 43 Korean children who received organ transplantation, and sought to identify associated clinical factors. METHODS: Pediatric recipients of kidney (KT) or liver transplantation (LT) from years 1999 to 2011 were recruited for cognitive tests...
July 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711177/size-of-facial-port-wine-birthmark-may-predict-neurologic-outcome-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#10
Malgorzata Dymerska, Anna Y Kirkorian, Elizabeth A Offermann, Doris D Lin, Anne M Comi, Bernard A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the size of the birthmark in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) who have brain involvement can help predict neurologic disability. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with SWS with facial birthmarks and brain involvement documented on magnetic resonance imaging were included in this retrospective chart review. A neuroradiologist, blinded to all clinical information, assigned a previously validated SWS neuroimaging score. A pediatric neurologist prospectively assigned previously validated neurologic severity scores, based on seizures, hemiparesis, visual field cut, and cognitive impairments...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708303/using-medical-exome-sequencing-to-identify-the-causes-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-experience-of-two-clinical-units-and-216-patients
#11
E Chérot, B Keren, C Dubourg, W Carré, M Fradin, A Lavillaureix, A Afenjar, L Burglen, S Whalen, P Charles, I Marey, S Heide, A Jacquette, D Heron, D Doummar, D Rodriguez, Thierry Billette de Villemeur, M-L Moutard, A Guët, J Xavier, D Périsse, D Cohen, F Demurger, C Quélin, C Depienne, S Odent, C Nava, V David, L Pasquier, C Mignot
Though whole exome sequencing is the gold standard for the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders, it remains expensive for some genetic centers. Commercialized panels comprising all OMIM-referenced genes called "medical exome" constitute an alternative strategy to whole exome sequencing, but its efficiency is poorly known. In this study, we report the experience of two clinical genetic centers using medical exome for diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders. We recruited 216 consecutive index patients with neurodevelopmental disorders in two French genetic centers, corresponded to the daily practice of the units and included non-syndromic intellectual disability (n=33), syndromic intellectual disability (n=122), pediatric neurodegenerative disorders (n=7) and autism spectrum disorder (n=54)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694135/characteristics-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-the-turkish-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-database
#12
Ünsal Yılmaz, Banu Anlar, Kıvılcım Gücüyener
OBJECTIVE: To document the clinical and paraclinical features of pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) in Turkey. METHODS: Data of MS patients with onset before age 18 years (n = 193) were collected from 27 pediatric neurology centers throughout Turkey. Earlier-onset (<12 years) and later-onset (≥12 years) groups were compared. RESULTS: There were 123 (63.7%) girls and 70 (36.3%) boys aged 4-17 years, median 14 years at disease onset. Family history of MS was 6...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691134/seizure-disorders-and-developmental-disorders-impact-on-life-of-affected-families-a-structured-interview
#13
Ulrike Petra Spindler, Lena Charlott Hotopp, Vivien Angela Bach, Frauke Hornemann, Steffen Syrbe, Anna Andreas, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Matthias Karl Bernhard, Thilo Bertsche, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Astrid Bertsche
Seizure disorder and developmental disorder are two of the most common chronic disorders in childhood. Data on perceived parental burden and specific effects on daily life is scarce. We performed a structured interview, consecutively talking to all parents of pediatric outpatients of our university hospital diagnosed with seizure or developmental disorder. Three hundred seven parents (of 317 affected children: 53 with seizure disorder, 44 with specific developmental disorder, 35 with learning disorder, 71 with intellectual disability, 15 with seizure + specific developmental disorder, 23 with seizure + learning disorder, 76 with seizure disorder + intellectual disability) were interviewed...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688809/use-of-the-spot-vision-screener-for-patients-with-developmental-disability
#14
Amanda L Marzolf, M Millicent Peterseim, Blake D Forcina, Carrie Papa, M Edward Wilson, Edward W Cheeseman, Rupal H Trivedi
PURPOSE: To determine whether the Spot Vision Screener effectively detects amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in patients with developmental disability using the 2013 guidelines of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS). METHODS: Children with developmental disability presenting for complete pediatric ophthalmologic examination were prospectively enrolled between June 2012 and March 2016. The following data were analyzed: presence of ARFs according to the AAPOS guidelines, refraction, eye alignment, and other ocular pathology...
July 5, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688787/retrospective-analysis-of-predictors-of-proficient-power-mobility-in-young-children-with-severe-motor-impairments
#15
Shelley R H Mockler, Irene R McEwen, Maria A Jones
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine if (a) child characteristics, (b) maternal education, (c) intervention parameters, (d) type of wheelchair control mechanism, or a combination of these variables, were associated with proficient power mobility skills in children with severe motor impairments aged 14 to 30 months. The secondary purpose was to determine if performance on the Wheelchair Skills Checklist (WSC) was associated with performance on the Powered Mobility Program (PMP)...
July 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685216/-childhood-strabismus-in-germany-prevalence-and-risk-groups-results-of-the-kiggs-survey
#16
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Roman Pokora, Michael S Urschitz
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of strabismus in children and adolescents in Germany and to determine the associated risk factors, particularly those related to early childhood development. METHODS: In the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003 to 2006, N = 17,640, 49.1% girls), the presence of strabismus and potential risk factors were derived using parental questionnaires. The analyses were performed using the KIGGS public use file...
July 6, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684168/rnai-prodrugs-targeting-plk1-induce-specific-gene-silencing-in-primary-cells-from-pediatric-t-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patients
#17
Iryna Kolosenko, Elin Edsbäcker, Ann-Charlotte Björklund, Alexander S Hamil, Oksana Goroshchuk, Dan Grandér, Steven F Dowdy, Caroline Palm-Apergi
Epidemiological studies of childhood leukemia survivors reveal an alarmingly high incidence of chronic health disabilities after treatment, therefore, more specific therapies need to be developed. Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a key player in mitosis and a target for drug development as it is upregulated in multiple cancer types. Small molecules targeting Plk1 are mainly ATP-competitors and, therefore, are known to elicit side effects due to lack of specificity. RNA interference (RNAi) is known for its high catalytic activity and target selectivity; however, the biggest barrier for its introduction into clinical use is its delivery...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682095/the-role-of-the-psychologist-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-inpatient-pediatric-neurorehabilitation-a-case-series
#18
Sarah Lahey, Cynthia Beaulieu, Karen Sandbach, Angela Colaiezzi, Staci Balkan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The psychologist in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting provides a vital role in the assessment, treatment, and management of pediatric patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Competencies are drawn from several specialty areas of professional psychology, including rehabilitation psychology, pediatric neuropsychology, and pediatric psychology. This specialized knowledge forms the basis for tailoring assessment and treatment plans specific to the individual brain injury profile, with the goals of enhancing diagnosis, prognosis, and care transition decision...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681531/validity-of-the-assistance-to-participate-scale-with-parents-of-typically-developing-australian-children-aged-three-to-eight-years
#19
Kahli Joyce, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Sarah Wilkes-Gillan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) measures the assistance parents provide to children with disability to participate in play and leisure. The primary aim of this study was to extend the psychometric development of the APS through application to a typically developing sample. METHODS: Parents (N = 125) of typically developing Australian children aged three to eight years completed an online questionnaire comprising the APS, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), Pediatric Quality of Life Scale (PedsQL) (caregiver scales) and demographic questions...
July 6, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681381/epilepsy-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-recommendations-of-the-ontario-epilepsy-implementation-task-force
#20
REVIEW
Danielle M Andrade, Anne S Bassett, Eduard Bercovici, Felippe Borlot, Esther Bui, Peter Camfield, Guida Quaglia Clozza, Eyal Cohen, Timothy Gofine, Lisa Graves, Jon Greenaway, Beverly Guttman, Maya Guttman-Slater, Ayman Hassan, Megan Henze, Miriam Kaufman, Bernard Lawless, Hannah Lee, Lezlee Lindzon, Lysa Boissé Lomax, Mary Pat McAndrews, Dolly Menna-Dack, Berge A Minassian, Janice Mulligan, Rima Nabbout, Tracy Nejm, Mary Secco, Laurene Sellers, Michelle Shapiro, Marie Slegr, Rosie Smith, Peter Szatmari, Leeping Tao, Anastasia Vogt, Sharon Whiting, O Carter Snead
The transition from a pediatric to adult health care system is challenging for many youths with epilepsy and their families. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care of the Province of Ontario, Canada, created a transition working group (TWG) to develop recommendations for the transition process for patients with epilepsy in the Province of Ontario. Herein we present an executive summary of this work. The TWG was composed of a multidisciplinary group of pediatric and adult epileptologists, psychiatrists, and family doctors from academia and from the community; neurologists from the community; nurses and social workers from pediatric and adult epilepsy programs; adolescent medicine physician specialists; a team of physicians, nurses, and social workers dedicated to patients with complex care needs; a lawyer; an occupational therapist; representatives from community epilepsy agencies; patients with epilepsy; parents of patients with epilepsy and severe intellectual disability; and project managers...
July 6, 2017: Epilepsia
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