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Önder Kara, Matthew J Maurice, Pascal Mouracade, Ercan Malkoç, Julien Dagenais, Ryan J Nelson, Jaya Sai Chavali, Robert J Stein, Amr Fergany, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVE: To identify the preoperative factors associated with conversion from robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) to radical nephrectomy (RN), and to report the incidence of this event. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using our institutional review board-approved database, we abstracted data on 1023 RPN cases performed at our center between 2010 and 2015. Standard and converted cases were compared in terms of patients and tumor characteristics and perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
Moinay Kim, Do Hee Lee, Hyun Jung Kim Rn, Young Hyun Cho, Jeong Hoon Kim, Do Hoon Kwon
OBJECTS: Meningioma is the most common intracranial neoplasm, comprising approximately 30% of all primary intracranial tumors (Claus et al., 2005) [1]. Treatment options include observation, microsurgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a very effective treatment for intracranial meningiomas; previous studies showed the tumor control rate at 5-10 years of follow-up as 84.3%-100% in all cases (Feigl et al...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Joselena M Ferreira, Caroline C Fernandes-Silva, Antonio Salatino, Giuseppina Negri, Dejair Message
BACKGROUND: Propolis is a bee product with wide diversity of biological activity. It has complex composition, which is dependent on its botanical source. The present work aimed at determining the chemical profile, antioxidant activity and botanical origin of two samples of a propolis type from two locations of the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN, northeast Brazil). RESULTS: The standard chemical characteristics of the RN propolis are similar or superior to the internationally marketed Brazilian green propolis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Gustavo S Ribeiro, Rosangela D Melo, Luís F Deresz, Pedro Dal Lago, Mauro Rn Pontes, Marlus Karsten
Background Aortic stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterised by fixed obstruction of the left ventricular outflow. It can be managed by surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This review aimed to describe the evidence supporting a cardiac rehabilitation programme on functional capacity and quality of life in aortic stenosis patients after sAVR or TAVI. Methods The search was conducted on multiple databases from January to March 2016. All studies were eligible that evaluated the effects of a post-interventional cardiac rehabilitation programme in aortic stenosis patients...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Sung Hwan Hwang, Hyun Il Kim, Jun Seong Song, Min Hong Lee, Sung Joon Kwon, Min Gyu Kim
PURPOSE: The utility of N classification has been questioned after the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) was published. We evaluated the correlation between ratio-based N (rN) classification with the overall survival of pathological T4 gastric cancer patients who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 222 cases of advanced gastric cancer patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 2006 and December 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Roman Jambor, Miroslav Novak, Hana Hosnova, Libor Dostal, Britta Glowacki, Klaus Jurkschat, Antonin Lycka, Zdenka Ruzickova
Treatment of the neutral pyridine based ligands L1 - L3 containing either one or two RN=CH imine moieties (where L1 and L2 are N,N-chelating ligands 2-(RN=CH)C5H4N (R = Ph (L1) or R = 2,4,6-Ph3C6H2 (L2)) and L3 is the N,N,N-chelating ligand 2,6-(RN=CH)2C5H3N (R = 2,6-iPr2C6H3) with HSiCl3 yielded N→Si-coordinated silicon (IV) amides 2-{Cl3SiN(R)CH2}C5H4N (1, R = Ph; 2, R = 2,4,6-Ph3C6H2), and 2-{Cl3SiN(R)CH2}-6-(RN=CH)C5H4N (3, R = 2,6-iPr2C6H3). The organosilicon amides 1 - 3 are products of the spontaneous hydrosilylation of the RN=CH imine moiety induced by N→Si coordination of the proposed N,N-chelated chlorosilanes L1→SiHCl3 (1a), L2→SiHCl3 (2a), and L3→SiHCl3 (3a)...
January 4, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
J Yue, R Hobbs, G Sgouros, E Frey
PURPOSE: Ra-223 therapy of prostate cancer bone metastases is being used to treat patients routinely. However, the absorbed dose distribution at the macroscopic and microscopic scales remains elusive, due to the inability to image the small activities injected. Accurate activity quantification through imaging is essential to calculate the absorbed dose in organs and sub-units in radiopharmaceutical therapy, enabling personalized absorbed dose-based treatment planning methodologies and more effective and optimal treatments...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Andreas Baumgartner, Michael Stietka, Franz Kabrt, Hannah Wiedner, Franz Josef Maringer
In this paper spectral interference effects for selected gamma-emitting radionuclides of the natural decay series and (40)K in selected NORM samples are studied. Recommendations for the choice of γ-lines and the consideration of possible spectral interferences are provided. Special attention is given to the radon tightness of the sample containers. A simple and sensitive method for the estimation of the (222)Rn leakage of sample containers is introduced. The applied polystyrene sample containers show (222)Rn leakages lower than 1%...
December 28, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Jácint Jónás, János Somlai, Edit Tóth-Bodrogi, Miklós Hegedűs, Tibor Kovács
Coal-fired power plants play a significant role in the production of electricity. The Ra-226 concentration of coals mined in the Ajka region can reach up to 3000 Bq/kg. This study focuses on the effects of a Hungarian (Ajka) remediated coal ash depository on the environment and the effectiveness of the cover layer. During the remediation, a method patented in Hungary was used, in which the upper layer of the depository, which had settled like concrete, was ploughed and mixed with woodchips before being planted with vegetation...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Aleksandar Janicic, Uros Bumbasirevic, Tatjana Pekomezovic, Milica Cekerevac, Miodrag Acimovic, Zoran Dzamic, Cane Tulic
PURPOSE: To assess the treatment outcome of pT1a renal tumors, comparing overall survival (OS) in patients treated with radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN), and to examine the rate of utilization of PN in a tertiary institution in Serbia. METHODS: Included were patients treated for pT1a kidney tumors with open RN or open PN during 1996-2013. The inclusion criterion was the pathological tumor stage T1a. Exclusion criteria were higher pathological stages, metastatic presentation, or imperative indications for partial nephrectomy...
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Alvisa Palese, Lucia Lesa, Giulia Stroppolo, Giulia Lupieri, Stefano Tardivo, Silvio Brusaferro
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate factors, other than those clinical, precipitating the risk of aspiration in hospitalized patients. DESIGN: The Critical Incident Technique was adopted for this study in 2015. SETTING: Three departments located in two academic hospitals in the northeast of Italy, equipped with 800 and 1500 beds, respectively. PARTICIPANTS: A purposeful sample of 12 registered nurses (RN), all of whom (i) had reported one or more episodes of aspiration during the longitudinal survey, (ii) had worked ≥3 years in the department, and (iii) were willing to participate, were included...
December 29, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Javier Jerez-Roig, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, José Rodolfo Torres de Araújo, Kenio Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: It is fundamental to analyze the evolution of functioning for the planning of strategies aimed at preventing or delaying dependency. However, there is a lack of studies focused on the evolution of functional performance in institutionalized older adults in Latin America. OBJECTIVE: Verify the incidence of functional decline, functional maintenance and functional improvement in the basic activities of daily living (BADL) in institutionalized older adults, as well as analyze the evolution of functional performance...
December 18, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Danuta M Wojnar, Ellen Marie Whelan
BACKGROUND: With the current emphasis on including registered nurses (RNs) on the primary care teams, it is essential that nursing programs prepare students for employment in these settings. PURPOSE: This study explored the current state of prelicensure and RN-to-Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) online education regarding the implementation of primary care content in the curricula. SAMPLE/METHODS: A sample of 1,409 schools and/or colleges from across the United States was invited to participate in an online survey...
November 9, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Brandon Kit Bredimus
The following manuscript is the winning Richard Hader Visionary Leader 2016 entry submitted to Nursing Management in recognition of Dr. Bob Dent, DNP, MBA, RN, NEA-BC, CENP, FACHE, senior vice president, chief operating officer, and CNO for Midland Memorial Hospital in Midland, Tex. Dr. Dent was formally recognized for his achievements before the Keynote Address at Congress2016, November 8, in Las Vegas, Nev. There, he received the award, sponsored by Hackensack Meridian Health.
January 2017: Nursing Management
Beverly W Dabney, Mary Linton, Jamie Koonmen
Many nursing schools and public schools are facing various challenges including a lack of resources. Schools of nursing strive to provide meaningful clinical experiences despite the challenge of a limited supply of quality placements. Similarly, public schools are expected to provide more nursing services at a time when many school nurses already are overloaded. For example, new state legislation placed additional responsibilities (regarding epinephrine auto-injectors and cardiac emergency response plans) on school nurses in Michigan...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
Cindy Kohtz, Connie Gowda, Pamela Guede
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nursing
Magdalena Długosz-Lisiecka, Marcin Krystek, Paweł Raczyński, Ewa Głuszek, Barbara Kietlińska-Michalik, Mariusz Niechwedowicz
The radon exhaled from radioactive mineral collections exhibited in five Polish geological museums may influence its total indoor concentration. Radon concentrations measured in the exhibition halls do not pose a risk for visitors or museum staff. However, air exceeding the ICRP (2007) action limit for workers (equal to 300Bq/m(3)) was noted in the storage rooms of two museums. Significant(222)Rn activity concentrations equal to more than ~300kBq/m(3)were measured inside lead containers where radioactive minerals were stored...
December 16, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Jesus-Servando Medel-Matus, Don Shin, Raman Sankar, Andrey Mazarati
Status epilepticus (SE) in rats, along with chronic epilepsy, leads to the development of behavioral impairments resembling depressive disorder and/or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), thus reflecting respective comorbidities in epilepsy patients. Suppressed neurotransmitter tone in the raphe nucleus (RN)-prefrontal cortex (PFC) serotonergic pathway and in the locus coeruleus (LC)-PFC noradrenergic pathway underlies depressive- and impulsive-like behavioral deficits respectively. We examined possible mechanisms leading to the monoamine dysfunction in brainstem efferents, namely modulatory effects of the neuropeptide galanin on serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) signaling...
December 22, 2016: Experimental Neurology
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