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Embitterment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736102/embitterment-in-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Dzevad Sabic, Adela Sabic, Olivera Batic-Mujanovic
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients and Methods: It was analyzed 174 subjects (from Health Center Zivinice/ Mental Health Center) through a survey conducted in the period from March 2015 to June 2016, of witch 87 war veterans with PTSD and control subjects 87 war veterans without PTSD. The primary outcome measure was the Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder Self-Rating Scale (PTED Scale) who contains 19 items designed to assess features of embitterment reactions to negative life events...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486736/stability-of-personality-traits-over-a-five-year-period-in-swedish-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-and-non-psychotic-individuals-a-study-using-the-swedish-universities-scales-of-personality
#2
Tomas Fagerberg, Erik Söderman, J Petter Gustavsson, Ingrid Agartz, Erik G Jönsson
BACKGROUND: Personality is considered as an important aspect in persons with psychotic disorders. Several studies have investigated personality in schizophrenia. However, no study has investigated stability of personality traits exceeding three years in patients with schizophrenia. This study aims to investigate the stability of personality traits over a five-year period among patients with schizophrenia and non-psychotic individuals and to evaluate case-control differences. METHODS: Patients with psychotic disorders (n = 36) and non-psychotic individuals (n = 76) completed Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) at two occasions five years apart...
February 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407360/bereaved-families-are-still-embittered-after-the-sewol-ferry-accident-in-korea-a-follow-up-study-18-and-30months-after-the-disaster
#3
Ji-Ae Yun, Hyu-Jung Huh, Hye-Sung Han, Seung Huh, Jeong-Ho Chae
INTRODUCTION: The Sewol ferry accident that occurred in April 2014 was one of the most tragic human-made disasters in Korean history. Due to the deaths of hundreds of children, bereaved families likely feel embittered; however, there is little extant research documenting embitterment among those who experienced the disaster. Consequently, we investigated bereaved family members' embitterment and other psychiatric symptoms 18months and 30months after the disaster. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey were obtained 18months (Time 1) and 30months (Time 2) after the disaster...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323526/psychological-and-neural-correlates-of-embitterment-in-old-age
#4
Simone Kühn, Sandra Düzel, Johanna Drewelies, Denis Gerstorf, Ulman Lindenberger, Jürgen Gallinat
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) comprises a stress-related response to a negative life event that violates the belief system of the individual. Characteristic symptoms involve repeated intrusive thoughts, emotional arousal when reminded of the event, and decreases in well-being. METHOD: Within the scope of the present study, embitterment was treated as a continuous rather than categorical concept, and we investigated its psychological and brain structural correlates in a sample of healthy older adults...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323525/embitterment-and-bereavement-the-sewol-ferry-accident-example
#5
Jeong-Ho Chae, Hyu Jung Huh, Won Joon Choi
OBJECTIVE: On Wednesday, April 16, 2014, 261 high school students on a field trip died in the sinking of the Sewol ferry. The bereaved family of the Sewol ferry accident experienced one of the most painful traumatic losses such as the sudden death of one's child through an accident. This article reviewed and discussed embitterment related to traumatic loss through the example of the Sewol ferry accident. METHOD: Embitterment-related issues and problems in coping with the accident that is caused by societal factors were described...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323524/work-disability-in-soldiers-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-posttraumatic-embitterment-disorder-and-not-event-related-common-mental-disorders
#6
Beate Muschalla, Heinrich Rau, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Christine Knaevelsrud
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic mental disorders may occur with different affect qualities. Best known is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a conditioned anxiety reaction with intrusions. Another event-related mental disorder is posttraumatic embitterment (PTED), characterized by affect of embitterment and thoughts of revenge, occurring after an event deeply hurting basic beliefs. Knowing about associated disability is important for treatment and sociomedical decisions. This is the first study to explore work-disability in patients with PTSD, PTED, and not-event-related common mental disorder (CMD)...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323523/trauma-across-generations-and-paths-to-adaptation-and-resilience
#7
Amy Lehrner, Rachel Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing literature on the intergenerational transmission of trauma, representing approaches across psychodynamic, family systems, epidemiological, sociological, and biological levels of analysis. Embitterment has been proposed as a response to severe, but normative, stressful events, different from the life-threatening trauma that precedes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This article reviews the potential applicability of the construct of embitterment to trauma and intergenerational effects through (a) a historical review of the intergenerational transmission of trauma literature, (b) a discussion of embitterment versus PTSD, (c) a brief review of theories of mechanisms of transmission, and (d) a discussion of biological findings and their interpretation...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323522/demoralization-and-embitterment
#8
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Silvana Sabato, Luigi Grassi
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may experience a wide range of psychological reactions in response to negative life events. Even if events that threaten life have been always played a central role in research, recent studies have outlined that experiences, considered exceptional but part of the human existence (e.g., divorce, unemployment, or chronic illness) may also lead individuals to experience enduring emotional states of suffering. Demoralization has been substantially described as an important condition occurring in response to stressful events, while a recent interest is growing on embitterment as a common reaction...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323521/psychological-processes-in-chronic-embitterment-the-potential-contribution-of-rumination
#9
Joanne M Dunn, Tom Sensky
OBJECTIVE: Chronic embitterment has received considerable attention in terms of its presentation and epidemiology, but there has been relatively little focus on its psychology. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that embitterment is positively correlated with rumination, and that this effect is influenced by positive beliefs about rumination. METHOD: A convenience sample (N = 79) of staff of a health care facility attending its occupational health service completed questionnaires assessing chronic embitterment, work-related rumination (distinguishing affective rumination and problem solving pondering), positive beliefs about rumination, and depression...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323520/spectrum-of-embitterment-manifestations
#10
Michael Linden, Max Rotter
OBJECTIVE: Embitterment is seen in reaction to injustice, vilification, or humiliation. Similar to anxiety, it is known to everybody, but it can also occur in the context of mental disorders and even become an illness in itself. The goal of the present study is to describe the spectrum of the types, rate, intensity, and clinical context of embitterment manifestations. METHOD: The posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) self-rating scale was used to screen for reactive embitterment in 1,479 psychosomatic inpatients...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047246/social-support-as-a-mediator-of-posttraumatic-embitterment-and-perceptions-of-meaning-in-life-among-danwon-survivors-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster
#11
So Hee Lee, Hee Sun Nam, Hak Beom Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Sung Doo Won, Jeong Ho Chae
PURPOSE: Our research was designed to test and explore the relationships among embitterment, social support, and perceptions of meaning in life in the Danwon High School survivors of the Sewol ferry disaster. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five Sewol ferry disaster survivors were eligible for participation, and were invited to participate in the study 28 months after the disaster. Forty-eight (64%) survivors (24 males, 24 females) completed questionnaires; the Posttraumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTED) scale, the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ)...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969621/neuroticism-related-personality-traits-are-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-after-abortion-findings-from-a-swedish-multi-center-cohort-study
#12
Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent predictor of mental disorders after induced abortion is the mental health issues that women present with prior to the abortion. We have previously demonstrated that few women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after induced abortion...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845164/posttraumatic-embitterment-disorder-and-hwa-byung-in-the-general-korean-population
#13
Soohyun Joe, Jung Sun Lee, Seong Yoon Kim, Seung-Hee Won, Jong Seok Lim, Kyoo Seob Ha
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic embitterment disorder (PTED) is characterized by states of "embitterment", characteristically similar to "Hwa-byung", which is a Korean culture-bound syndrome. The present study aimed to assess diagnostic relationships between PTED and Hwa-byung. METHODS: A total of 290 participants completed our survey. PTED and Hwa-byung were diagnosed using a diagnostic interview and scale. Scales for depression, suicide ideation, and anger were used for evaluation...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#14
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168438/old-man-young-man-t-s-%C3%A2-eliot-s-gerontion-and-the-problem-of-identity
#15
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Markus Jäger, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: In his poem Gerontion (1920) Nobel laureate T.S. Eliot uses powerful language to give a fictional, highly condensed, first-person account of medical and psychological conditions that arise with old age: physical frailty, cognitive decline, sensory impairment, depressive symptoms with embitterment, social withdrawal and the psychological strain of having to face old age and make meaning of one's life. Surprisingly, he wrote the poem as a young man. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we used a hermeneutic approach to interpret Gerontion from a psychiatric perspective...
March 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086836/an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-older-adults-after-marital-bereavement-separation-or-divorce-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Hans Joerg Znoj
BACKGROUND: Marital bereavement and separation or divorce are among the most stressful critical life events in later life. These events require a dissolution of social and emotional ties, adjustments in daily routine and changes in identity and perspectives for the future. After a normative grief or distress reaction, most individuals cope well with the loss. However, some develop a prolonged grief reaction. Internet-based self-help interventions have proved beneficial for a broad range of disorders, including complicated grief...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801614/exploring-predictors-and-consequences-of-embitterment-in-the-workplace
#17
Evie Michailidis, Mark Cropley
Research on the feeling of embitterment at work is still in its infancy. The present study investigated the predictors and consequences of the feeling of embitterment at work. It was hypothesised that organisational injustice as well as over-controlling supervision would predict embitterment at work and that embitterment would be associated with work-related rumination. Three hundred and thirty-seven employees completed an online survey. Regression analysis revealed that procedural injustice and over-controlling supervision were significant predictors of embitterment and that embitterment contributed significantly to the prediction of increased affective rumination and reduction in detachment...
November 21, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749131/predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-165-patients-with-acromegaly-results-from-a-single-center-study
#18
Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Michael Buchfelder, Bernadette Kleist, Johannes Kohlmann, Christa Menzel, Rolf Buslei, Maria Kołtowska-Häggsträm, Christian Strasburger, Sonja Siegel
OBJECTIVE: Even if treated, acromegaly has a considerable impact on patient quality of life (QoL); despite this, the exact clinical determinants of QoL in acromegaly are unknown. This study retrospectively examines a cohort of treated patients with acromegaly, with the aim of identifying these determinants. METHODS: Retrospective survey analysis, with 165 patients included in the study. All patients completed a survey, which included demographic data and the clinical details of their disease, the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and the Bern Embitterment Inventory (BEI)...
January 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590785/coping-strategies-have-a-strong-impact-on-quality-of-life-depression-and-embitterment-in-patients-with-cushing-s-disease
#19
Sonja Siegel, Monika Milian, Bernadette Kleist, Tsambika Psaras, Maria Tsiogka, Dagmar Führer, Maria Koltowska-Häggström, Jürgen Honegger, Oliver Müller, Ulrich Sure, Christa Menzel, Michael Buchfelder, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial well-being are substantially impaired in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), not only at the acute illness stage but also after therapy; however, the reason for these impairments remains unclear. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, patient-reported outcome study, we conducted a postal survey on psychosocial impairment and coping strategies in patients after surgical treatment of CD in three large tertiary referral centers...
December 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103375/personality-traits-in-established-schizophrenia-aspects-of-usability-and-differences-between-patients-and-controls-using-the-swedish-universities-scales-of-personality
#20
Tomas Fagerberg, Erik Söderman, J Petter Gustavsson, Ingrid Agartz, Erik G Jönsson
BACKGROUND: Personality is considered as an important aspect that can affect symptoms and social function in persons with schizophrenia. The personality questionnaire Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) has not previously been used in psychotic disorder. AIMS: To investigate if SSP has a similar internal consistency and factor structure in a psychosis population as among healthy controls and if patients with psychotic disorders differ from non-psychotic individuals in their responses to the SSP...
August 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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