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Metastatic breast cancer surgical management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125427/the-surgical-treatment-of-metastatic-spine-tumors-within-the-intramedullary-compartment
#1
Ben A Strickland, Ian E McCutcheon, Indro Chakrabarti, Laurence D Rhines, Jeffrey S Weinberg
OBJECTIVE Metastasis to the spinal cord is rare, and optimal management of this disease is unclear. The authors investigated this issue by analyzing the results of surgical treatment of spinal intramedullary metastasis (IM) at a major cancer center. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 13 patients who underwent surgery for IM. Patients had renal cell carcinoma (n = 4), breast carcinoma (n = 3), melanoma (n = 2), non-small cell lung cancer (n = 1), sarcoma (n = 1), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 1), and cervical cancer (n = 1)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121581/clinicopathology-and-treatment-of-a-giant-malignant-phyllodes-tumor-of-the-breast-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Wayne A Warner, Vandana Devika Sookdeo, Maurice Fortuné, Meenakshi Akhilesh, Chalapathi Rao Adidam Venkata, Wayne Mohammed, Cassandra Ramkissoon, Dave Harnanan, Lemuel Pran, Ravi Maharaj
INTRODUCTION: Phyllodes tumors (PTs) of the breast are extremely rare accounting for less than 1% of all breast tumors globally. Case records at the Trinidad and Tobago Cancer Registry show that only 0.003% of the reported breast cancer cases between 1995 and 2009 were PTs. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We report a 45-year-old woman who presented with swelling of the left breast. Ultrasound, mammogram and computed tomography imaging confirmed the presence of a mass in the right upper inner quadrant of the left breast...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101985/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-monitoring-response-to-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for%C3%A2-breast-cancer
#3
Priscilla J Slanetz, Linda Moy, Paul Baron, Roberta M diFlorio, Edward D Green, Samantha L Heller, Anna I Holbrook, Su-Ju Lee, Alana A Lewin, Ana P Lourenco, Bethany Niell, Ashley R Stuckey, Sunita Trikha, Nina S Vincoff, Susan P Weinstein, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Patients with locally advanced invasive breast cancers are often treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to definitive surgical intervention. The primary aims of this approach are to: 1) reduce tumor burden thereby permitting breast conservation rather than mastectomy; 2) promptly treat possible metastatic disease, whether or not it is detectable on preoperative staging; and 3) potentially tailor future chemotherapeutic decisions by monitoring in-vivo tumor response. Accurate radiological assessment permits optimal management and planning in this population...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071122/diagnostic-algorithm-prognostic-factors-and-surgical-treatment-of-metastatic-cancer-diseases-of-the-long-bones-and-spine
#4
REVIEW
Miklós Szendrői, Imre Antal, Attila Szendrői, Áron Lazáry, Péter Pál Varga
Oncological management of skeletal metastases has changed dramatically in the last few decades. A significant number of patients survive for many years with their metastases.Surgeons are more active and the technical repertoire is broader, from plates to intramedullary devices to (tumour) endoprostheses.The philosophy of treatment should be different in the case of a trauma-related fracture and a pathological fracture. A proper algorithm for establishing a diagnosis and evaluation of prognostic factors helps in planning the surgical intervention...
September 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058925/-a-new-perspective-on-axillary-dissection-in-situations-of-metastatic-sentinel-node
#5
I Zedníková, A Ňaršanská, O Hes, A Metelková, O Fiala, T Svoboda
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women and represents a worldwide problem. Up-to-date diagnostics methods, mammography screening and complex treatments have resulted in a substantial reduction of mortality rates. However, the incidence of the disease keeps growing constantly, although in a moderate way. The struggle against this disease has several levels, such as prevention, primary tumour therapy as well as the management of recurrent or generalized disease...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052825/managing-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-complications-in-patients-referred-to-the-surgical-emergency-unit
#6
Osman Şimşek, Arife Şimşek, Sefa Ergun, Mehmet Velidedeoğlu, Kaya Sarıbeyoğlu, Salih Pekmezci
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to present our experience in the management of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications in patients referred to our surgical emergency unit by various endoscopy centers. METHODS: A retrospective investigation was conducted on the records of the 54 patients who were referred to our surgical emergency unit between October 2005 and January 2014 due to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937454/life-expectancy-and-metastatic-spine-scoring-systems-an-academic-institutional-experience
#7
Brian T Ragel, Gustavo A Mendez, Justin Reddington, David Ferachi, Charlotte D Kubicky, Travis C Philipp, Natalie L Zusman, Paul Klimo, Robert Hart, Jung Yoo, Alex C Ching
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective data collection study with application of metastatic spine scoring systems. OBJECTIVES: To apply the Tomita and revised Tokuhashi scoring systems to a surgical cohort at a single academic institution and analyze spine-related surgical morbidity and mortality rates. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical management of metastatic spine patients requires tools that can accurately predict patient survival, as well as knowledge of morbidity and mortality rates...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673886/newly-diagnosed-sellar-tumors-in-patients-with-cancer-a-diagnostic-challenge-and-management-dilemma
#8
Carlos R Goulart, Smita Upadhyay, Leo F S Ditzel Filho, Andre Beer-Furlan, Ricardo L Carrau, Luciano M Prevedello, Daniel M Prevedello
BACKGROUND: The use of combined positron emission tomography/computed tomography for staging in patients with cancer and the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging has led to increased detection of incidental sellar masses. The imaging findings can be suggestive of a benign pituitary tumor, but metastasis can never be completely ruled out with noninvasive work-up. Appropriate diagnosis of sellar masses is critical, as the treatment paradigm might change in the presence of a pituitary metastasis...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668902/analysis-of-evolving-clinicopathological-features-of-metastatic-brain-tumors-over-30-years-of-surgical-management
#9
Hiromasa Kobayashi, Makoto Hamasaki, Takashi Morishita, Tooru Inoue, Kazuki Nabeshima
We reviewed 232 cases, in which patients underwent surgical resection and histopathological diagnosis of metastatic brain tumor between 1985 and 2014. We analyzed trends in clinicopathological changes present over three decades in a single institution. The most frequent site of metastatic tumors was the frontal lobe. The average patient age and the percentage of female patients increased over the 30-year study period. The most frequent primary cancer was lung cancer, followed by breast cancer; these were the top two primary cancer types over the three decades...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569457/advances-in-radioguided-surgery-in-oncology
#10
Renato A Valdés Olmos, Sergi Vidal-Sicart, Gianpiero Manca, Giuliano Mariani, Luisa F León-Ramírez, Domenico Rubello, Francesco Giammarile
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is probably the most well known radioguided technique in surgical oncology. Today SLN biopsy reduces the morbidity associated with lymphadenectomy and increases the identification rate of occult lymphatic metastases by offering the pathologist the lymph nodes with the highest probability of containing metastatic cells. These advantages may result in a change in clinical clinical management both in melanoma and breast cancer patients. The SLN evaluation by pathology currently implies tumour burden stratification for further prognostic information...
June 1, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560673/molecular-profiling-and-significance-of-circulating-tumor-cell-based-genetic-signatures
#11
REVIEW
Nisha Kanwar, Susan J Done
Cancer kills by metastasizing beyond the primary site. Early detection, surgical intervention and other treatments have improved the survival rates of patients with cancer, however, once metastasis occurs, responses to conventional therapies become significantly less effective, and this remains the leading cause of death. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells that have preferentially disseminated from the primary tumor mass into the hematological system, and are en route to favorable distant sites where if they survive, can develop into metastases...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512046/risk-factors-for-preoperative-seizures-and-loss-of-seizure-control-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-brain-tumors
#12
Adela Wu, Jon D Weingart, Gary L Gallia, Michael Lim, Henry Brem, Chetan Bettegowda, Kaisorn L Chaichana
OBJECTIVE: Metastatic brain tumors are the most common brain tumors in adults. Patients with metastatic brain tumors have poor prognoses with median survival of 6-12 months. Seizures are a major presenting symptom and cause of morbidity and mortality. In this article, risk factors for the onset of preoperative seizures and postoperative seizure control are examined. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent resection of one or more brain metastases at a single institution between 1998 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462790/contemporary-spinal-oncology-treatment-paradigms-and-outcomes-for-metastatic-tumors-to-the-spine-a-systematic-review-of-breast-prostate-renal-and-lung-metastases
#13
REVIEW
Amy Yao, Christopher A Sarkiss, Travis R Ladner, Arthur L Jenkins
Metastatic spinal disease most frequently arises from carcinomas of the breast, lung, prostate, and kidney. Management of spinal metastases (SpM) is controversial in the literature. Recent studies advocate more aggressive surgical resection than older studies which called for radiation therapy alone, challenging previously held beliefs in conservative therapy. A literature search of the PubMed database was performed for spinal oncology outcome studies published in the English language between 2006 and 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#14
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356770/breast-cancer-in-patients-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome-a-case-series-study-and-review-of-literature
#15
Amara G Nandikolla, Sangeetha Venugopal, Jesus Anampa
BACKGROUND: Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS) is a rare disease with autosomal dominant inheritance linked to germline mutations of tumor suppressor gene TP53. These patients are predisposed to malignancies such as sarcoma, breast cancer, leukemia, and other malignancies. Breast cancer, the most common malignancy in adult patients with LFS, has an early-onset presentation and is usually treated as per the guidelines for the general population due to the limited literature about breast cancer in LFS...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331744/factors-that-affect-drain-indwelling-time-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#16
Ömer Uslukaya, Ahmet Türkoğlu, Metehan Gümüş, Zübeyir Bozdağ, Ahmet Yılmaz, Hatice Gümüş, Şeyhmus Kaya, Mesut Gül
OBJECTIVE: The most common procedure to prevent seroma formation, a common complication after breast and axillary surgery, is to use prophylactic surgical drains. Ongoing discussions continue regarding the ideal time for removing drains after surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to investigate factors that affect drain indwelling time (DIT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2014 to 2015, a total of 91 consecutive patients with breast cancer were included in the study...
July 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330704/an-update-on-non-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#17
S J Ford, L M Almond, A Gronchi
The management of soft tissue sarcoma is challenging and varied. Centralisation of management in high volume specialist centres has revolutionised outcomes. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment and is currently the only potentially curative therapy. Retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma presents a particular challenge to the surgical oncologist and the concept of extended resection to include surrounding expendable organs taken en bloc with the tumour has now largely been adopted. The use of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies for retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma is still to be established, although they are employed on a case-specific basis...
March 19, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285055/the-role-of-routine-peritoneal-and-omental-biopsies-at-risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy
#18
Heather Miller, Laura S Pipkin, Celestine Tung, Tracilyn R Hall, Ramya P Masand, Matthew L Anderson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential role of peritoneal and omental biopsies in women undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oopherectomy (RRSO) for prophylactic management of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndromes. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort (Canadian Task Force classification II.1). SETTING: An academic gynecology practice. PATIENTS: All women who underwent RRSO for a high-risk BRCA1/2 mutation or deletion at a single institution between January 2003 and June 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254537/readmissions-after-surgical-resection-of-metastatic-tumors-of-the-spine-at-a-single-institution
#19
Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, C Rory Goodwin, Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, Eric W Sankey, Ann Liu, Thomas Kosztowski, Benjamin D Elder, Chetan Bettegowda, Ali Bydon, Timothy F Witham, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Ziya L Gokaslan, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of spinal metastasis is complex and can be associated with significant postoperative morbidity. Analyzing readmission rates may serve as a proxy for postoperative morbidity and functional decline, allowing patients and physicians to make informed decisions about treatment. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of patients with metastatic spine disease surgically treated at a tertiary center from 2003 to 2012. Patients with primary lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney cancer, bone marrow cancer, prostate cancer, gynecologic cancer, and melanoma were analyzed...
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240175/clinical-considerations-of-focal-drug-delivery-in-cancer-treatment
#20
Jamie Harris, Bill Chiu
According to the US Center for Disease Control, cancer deaths are the second most common cause of mortality in both adults and children. Definitive treatment of solid tumors involves surgical resection with or without systemic chemotherapy and radiation. The advent of local drug delivery presents a unique treatment modality that can offer substantial benefits in cancer management. Local drug delivery offers targeted drug delivery to cancer tissues while minimizing side effects of the medications. Three main phases in solid tumor management exist for the treating physician: initial diagnosis with tissue biopsy, surgical resection with or without chemotherapy, and management of metastatic disease...
February 24, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
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