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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#1
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332953/patterns-of-response-by-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-recruitment-methods-for-women-in-uk-population-surveys-and-cohort-studies
#2
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa Boucas, Lesley A Smith
Women are an important public health focus, because they are more likely to experience some social determinants of disease, and they influence family health. Little research has explored the sociodemographic representativeness of women in research studies. We examined the representativeness of female respondents across four sociodemographic factors in UK population surveys and cohort studies. Six UK population-based health surveys (from 2009-2013) and eight Medical Research Council cohort studies (from 1991 to 2014) were included...
March 23, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331502/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-children-and-adolescents-with-tourette-syndrome
#3
Kim R Edwards, Sandra Mendlowitz, Elana Jackson, Claire Champigny, Matt Specht, Paul Arnold, Daniel Gorman, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of youth with Tourette Syndrome (TS). METHOD: Thirteen participants with TS were recruited from a large tertiary care hospital to complete semi-structured interviews and two questionnaires pertaining to demographic information and tic severity. Thematic analysis was utilized to systematically analyze the data. RESULTS: Three main themes were identified: 1) beliefs about TS; 2) TS related distress and impairment; and, 3) coping with TS...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329863/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults
#4
Christine Juang, Bob G Knight, Mike Carlson, Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Cheryl Vigen, Florence Clark
Purpose of the Study: This study investigated the mechanisms of change underlying an activity-based lifestyle intervention, an occupational therapy program aimed at promoting healthy habits, and routines in older adults. We examined two activity-relevant factors as potential mediators linking the intervention to reduced symptoms of depression: activity frequency and global perceptions of activity significance. Social connections and perceived control were assessed to understand how activity-related factors relate to reduced symptoms of depression...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329825/socioeconomic-status-and-physical-functioning-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-chinese-people
#5
Lei Yang, Hanna Konttinen, Pekka Martikainen, Karri Silventoinen
Objectives: We aimed to assess the longitudinal associations of socioeconomic status and physical functioning using a large population-based survey data in China. Method: We used four waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002-2011). Physical functioning was assessed by activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) measures. Socioeconomic status was assessed using educational attainment, occupational status, household income, financial resources, and access to health services...
February 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#6
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#7
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#8
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324793/bureaucratization-and-medical-professionals-values-a-cross-national-analysis
#9
Girts Racko
Understanding the impact of the bureaucratization of governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals is a fundamental concern of the sociological research of healthcare professions. While previous studies have examined the impact of bureaucratized management, organizations, and healthcare fields on medical professionals' values, there is a lack of cross-national research on the normative impact of the bureaucratized systems of national governance. Using the European Social Survey data for 29 countries, this study examines the impact of the bureaucratization of national governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals...
March 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321856/automation-is-it-really-different-this-time
#10
REVIEW
Judy Wajcman
This review examines several recent books that deal with the impact of automation and robotics on the future of jobs. Most books in this genre predict that the current phase of digital technology will create massive job loss in an unprecedented way, that is, that this wave of automation is different from previous waves. Uniquely digital technology is said to automate professional occupations for the first time. This review critically examines these claims, puncturing some of the hyperbole about automation, robotics and Artificial Intelligence...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320339/reliability-and-validity-of-general-health-questionnaire-ghq-12-for-male-tannery-workers-a-study-carried-out-in-kanpur-india
#11
Gyan Chandra Kashyap, Shri Kant Singh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to test the reliability, validity and factor structure of GHQ-12 questionnaire on male tannery workers of India. We have tested three different factor models of the GHQ-12. METHODS: This paper used primary data obtained from a cross-sectional household study of tannery workers from Jajmau area of the city of Kanpur in northern India, which was conducted during January-June, 2015, as part of a doctoral program. The study covered 286 tannery workers from the study area...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302395/social-cognition-psychometric-evaluation-scope-in-people-with-early-psychosis-a-preliminary-study
#12
Kelsey A Ludwig, Amy E Pinkham, Philip D Harvey, Skylar Kelsven, David L Penn
Social cognition is an important outcome in schizophrenia research. Unfortunately, there has been a lack of consensus regarding which measures of social cognition best capture this domain of functioning. The Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study was developed to address the need for a battery of measures that have sound psychometric properties and can be implemented in clinical trials for individuals with chronic schizophrenia. The current study expands upon the SCOPE study by examining the psychometric properties of the eight candidate measures administered to individuals early in the course of psychosis...
March 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#13
Marli Maria Loro, Regina CĂ©lia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299314/high-magnitude-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-school-adolescents
#14
Kindie Mekuria, Haregwoin Mulat, Habtamu Derajew, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Amsalu Belete, Solomon Yimer, Getasew Legas, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Simegnew Kibret
Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299214/occupational-neurobrucellosis-mimicking-a-brain-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Dina Abdulghani, Roiya Farhan, Raghad Algahtani
Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial infection which is transmitted to humans from infected animals and is endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. In this article, we report a case of occupational neurobrucellosis that presented with a space-occupying lesion mimicking a brain tumor. We stress on the importance of obtaining detailed social history including occupation to reach the diagnosis in several conditions including brucellosis. We also stress on taking universal precautions when handling any specimens...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295898/the-program-for-personnel-in-medical-institutions-in-japan-to-combat-child-maltreatment
#16
Koji Tanoue, Masayoshi Senda, Byongmun An, Midori Tasaki, Megumi Taguchi, Kosuke Kobashi, Shinji Oana, Fumitake Mizoguchi, Yuko Shiraishi, Fujiko Yamada, Makiko Okuyama, Kotaro Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we created the training program for personnel in medical institutions in Japan to combat child maltreatment. Our objective was to document the effectiveness of the program for professionals from multiple disciplines working in medical institutions. METHODS: The questionnaire designed for the training program included demographic questions such years of practice and area of specialty, i.e. physician, nurse, social worker, public health nurse, technician, and others, as well as experience with suspected child maltreatment cases and training in dealing with such cases...
March 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293501/management-of-a-complex-excoriation-disorder-induced-wound-with-a-viable-cryopreserved-placental-membrane
#17
Michael A Bain, Jennifer Vincent
Excoriation disorder (ED), also known as dermatotillomania, is a condition characterized by repeated "skin picking" that leads to the formation of skin lesions. Because of the similarity of its symptoms to obsessive compulsive disorder, ED is classified as a subcategory of obsessive compulsive disorder by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition. Although the majority of the self-inflicted wounds are not clinically significant, many wounds lead to social and occupational dysfunction by becoming infected, chronic, and life threatening...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289631/effect-of-a-caregiver-s-education-program-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#18
Sang-Eun Hong, Chang-Hwan Kim, Ee-Jin Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa, Tae-Hyun Kim, Sang-Keun Kim, Hee-Jun Han, Eui-Chang Lee, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285028/social-cognition-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-across-the-phases-of-illness-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Vijaya Lakshmi Valaparla, Ritu Nehra, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Sandeep Grover
AIM: This longitudinal study aimed to evaluate social cognition of patients with schizophrenia at two points, i.e., during the symptomatic phase and clinical remission phase. Additional aim was to evaluate the relationship of social cognition with psychopathology and functional outcome. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-one patients (N=51) were evaluated on Social Cognition Rating Tools in Indian Setting (SOCRATIS), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), Socio-occupational functioning scale (SOFS) and Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale (IDEAS) during the symptomatic phase of illness...
March 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284208/violent-victimization-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-context-a-comparison-between-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-matched-controls
#20
Mats Persson, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Offenders with mental disorders constitute a particularly exposed group in society, with high rates of morbidity, mortality, and social deprivation. Often thought of primarily as perpetrators, these individuals may also be subjected to violence. Previous research indicates that violent victimization during lifespan is a risk factor for violent perpetration among psychiatric patients, but victimization studies on the group of offenders with mental disorders are scarce. Health services are pivotal to this group, but although most individuals do utilize these services, their vulnerability seems to remain...
March 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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