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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#1
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#2
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813690/deep-coal-mining-and-meningococcal-meningitis-in-england-and-wales-1931-38-ecological-study-with-implications-for-deep-shaft-mining-activities-worldwide
#3
Matthew R Smallman-Raynor, Andrew D Cliff
The hypothesized role of deep coal mining in the development of community-based outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis has gone largely unexplored. Taking the coalfields of Britain as a historical testbed, techniques of linear and binomial logistic regression were used to assess the association between meningococcal meningitis rates and male occupation rates for coal mining in England and Wales during the national epidemic of 1931-32 and in its aftermath. Adjusting for the epidemiological effects of age, residential density, recent changes in the number of families, housing stock and low social class, the analysis yielded evidence of a significant and positive association between coal mining occupation rates and notified levels of meningitis activity in the epidemic period...
August 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810974/factors-affecting-organizational-commitment-in-navy-corpsmen
#4
Stephanie Booth-Kewley, Renée G Dell'Acqua, Cynthia J Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Organizational commitment is a psychological state that has a strong impact on the likelihood that employees will remain with an organization. Among military personnel, organizational commitment is predictive of a number of important outcomes, including reenlistment intentions, job performance, morale, and perceived readiness. Because of the unique challenges and experiences associated with military service, it may be that organizational commitment is even more critical in the military than in civilian populations...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810460/exploring-our-understanding-of-fatigue-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-highlighting-the-unknown
#5
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Ashraf Kagee
Due to antiretroviral therapies, HIV is now a chronic illness rather than a terminal disease. Chronic symptoms, including fatigue, should be identified and managed to prevent or minimise their potential negative consequences. We apply a Symptom Management Model to conceptualise fatigue among adolescents with HIV. In the context of minimal research, we seek to identify a research agenda for resource-constrained contexts, where HIV prevalence remains high and treatment adherence is a significant problem. By better understanding and addressing the symptom of fatigue, treatment adherence, occupational, social and emotional functioning could be improved...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805927/the-relationship-between-different-measures-of-feed-efficiency-and-feeding-behavior-traits-in-duroc-pigs
#6
D Lu, S Jiao, F Tiezzi, M Knauer, Y Huang, K A Gray, C Maltecca
Utilization of feed in livestock species consists of a wide range of biological processes, and therefore, its efficiency can be expressed in various ways, including direct measurement, such as daily feed intake, as well as indicator measures, such as feeding behavior. Measuring feed efficiency is important to the swine industry, and its accuracy can be enhanced by using automated feeding systems, which record feed intake and associated feeding behavior of individual animals. Each automated feeder space is often shared among several pigs and therefore raises concerns about social interactions among pen mates with regard to feeding behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805087/preliminary-investigation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-birt-independent-living-scale
#7
Sara D S Ramos, Michael Oddy, Lorraine Haye, Anna Goodson
PURPOSE: Neurorehabilitation aims to increase independence and participation in ordinary life. It is argued that the fundamental indices of this are independent living and engagement in occupational or productive activity. The Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust Independent Living Scale was designed to capture change in levels of participation and independence following neurorehabilitation. With greater use of outcome measures in health care, it becomes necessary to develop tools which are simple to use and that capture the holistic impact of rehabilitation...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804583/a-communicative-model-of-mothers-lifestyles-during-pregnancy-with-low-birth-weight-based-on-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-analysis
#8
Zohreh Mahmoodi, Masoud Karimlou, Homeira Sajjadi, Masoomeh Dejman, Meroe Vameghi, Mahrokh Dolatian
OBJECTIVES: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major health problems worldwide. It is important to identify the factors that play a role in the incidence of this adverse pregnancy outcome. This study aimed to develop a tool to measure mothers' lifestyles during pregnancy with a view to the effects of social determinants on health and develop a correlation model of mothers' lifestyles with LBW. METHODS: This study was conducted using methodological and case-control designs in four stages by selecting 750 mothers with infants weighing less than 4000 g using multistage sampling...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798709/the-more-the-better-multiple-vs-single-jobholders-job-satisfaction-as-a-matter-of-lacked-information
#9
Maria U Kottwitz, Lena Hünefeld, Benjamin P Frank, Kathleen Otto
In recent decades, the working world has changed dramatically and rising demands on flexibility make the coordination of personal and professional life more difficult. Therefore, it is important that the incumbents are in possession of all necessary information concerning their job. This might be a key issue to remain satisfied. Simultaneously, atypical forms of employment have substantially increased in the labor market; one such form is holding more than one job. While the motives might differ from needing an additional income to broadening job opportunities, practicing several jobs requires coordination and thus, being informed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795917/assessing-evidence-of-inequalities-in-access-to-medication-for-diabetic-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Yodi Christiani, Teerapon Dhippayom, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background Inequalities in access to medications among people diagnosed with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a public health concern since untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications and premature death. Objective To assess evidence of inequalities in access to medication for diabetes in adult populations of people with diagnosed diabetes in LMICs. Design We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA-Equity guidelines. A search of five databases - PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE - was conducted from inception to November 2015...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791982/health-education-effect-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-workplace-personal-hygiene-and-protective-measures-among-woodworkers-in-enugu-nigeria
#11
L Ezeugwu, E N Aguwa, S U Arinze-Onyia, T A Okeke
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing incidence of occupational diseases among woodworkers due to exposure to preventable hazards in the workplace. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of health education on the knowledge and practice of workplace hygiene and protective measures among woodworkers in Enugu timber market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a before and after study conducted among 290 woodworkers using interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaire and manual on workplace hazards prevention...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790912/associations-of-childhood-and-adulthood-cognition-with-bone-mineral-density-in-later-adulthood-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#12
Rebecca Bendayan, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper, Stella Muthuri, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Judith Adams, Kate Ward, Marcus Richards
This study explores the association between cognitive ability in childhood and midlife and bone health outcomes in early old age; and the relationships of these bone measures with contemporaneous and subsequent cognitive ability in the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD). This British birth cohort assessed areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD and vBMD) at age 60-64, derived from peripheral quantitative computed tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and cognitive performance from childhood to age 69, among 866 women and 792 men...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#13
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789649/intentional-injury-among-the-indigenous-and-total-populations-in-british-columbia-canada-trends-over-time-and-ecological-analyses-of-risk
#14
M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Mariana Brussoni, Christopher E Lalonde, Rod McCormick
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore intentional injury disparity between Indigenous populations and the total population in the province of British Columbia (BC), Canada. We focus on hospitalizations, including both self-inflicted injuries and injuries inflicted by others. METHODS: We used data from BC's universal health care insurance plan, 1991 to 2010, linked to Vital Statistics databases. Indigenous people were identified through the insurance premium group, and birth and death records...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783936/the-korean-version-of-the-university-of-california-san-diego-performance-based-skills-assessment-reliability-and-validity
#15
Sung-Jin Kim, Jung-Min Kim, Joo-Cheol Shim, Beom-Joo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Young-Soo Seo, Yu-Cheol Lee, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
Objective: The study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version of the University of California San Diego Performance-based Skills Assessment (K-UPSA), which is used to evaluate the daily living function of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Study participants were 78 patients with schizophrenia and 27 demographically matched healthy controls. We evaluated the clinical states and cognitive functions to verify K-UPSA's reliability and validity. For clinical states, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia scale, and Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale and Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale-fourth revision were used...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783203/cumulative-occupational-mechanical-exposures-during-working-life-and-risk-of-sickness-absence-and-disability-pension-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Emil Sundstrup, Åse Marie Hansen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Otto Melchior Poulsen, Thomas Clausen, Reiner Rugulies, Anne Møller, Lars L Andersen
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the prospective association of cumulative mechanical exposure during working life with health-related labor market outcomes. Methods This prospective cohort study combines data from 5076 older workers (age 49-63 years) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank with a job exposure matrix and a national register containing information on social transfer payment. By coding individual job histories from the Danish version of ISCO-codes (International Standard Classification of Occupations), we calculated cumulative occupational mechanical exposures from a JEM for ton-years (lifting 1000 kg each day in one year), lifting-years (lifting loads weighing ≥20 kg >10 times each day in one year), kneeling-years (kneeling for one hour each day in one year) and vibration-years (whole-body vibration for one hour each day in one year)...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780144/report-on-the-midwives-experiences-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system-a-qualitative-research
#17
Nádia Zanon Narchi, Cláudia Medeiros de Castro, Cintia de Freitas Oliveira, Fernanda Tambellini
OBJECTIVE: to describe the experiences of midwives who graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and the characteristics of their work within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). DESIGN: a descriptive, qualitative field study. SETTING: interviews were scheduled by telephone or e-mail and were held with the midwives outside their work environment. Interviews lasted for up to one hour and were recorded. PARTICIPANTS: ten midwives who had graduated from the University of São Paulo's midwifery program and were working or had worked in the SUS at the time of the study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776461/women-s-occupational-health-resisting-when-we-can-sant%C3%A3-des-femmes-au-travail-mobiliser-quand-c-est-encore-possible
#18
Jessica Riel, Johanne Saint-Charles, Karen Messing
The continuing worldwide struggle for decent working conditions is under intense economic, social, and political pressures. Women are particularly affected by these pressures because of their still-tenuous position in the service sector, in lowprestige, low-paid occupations. In addition, their occupational health issues are often overlooked or minimized. Nevertheless, women continue to struggle, as individuals and collectively. This issue describes a number of instances where women in the Québec labor movement have attempted to reconcile equality concerns with protecting their own health...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776359/work-related-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-treatment-a-cross-sectional-study-among-106-patients
#19
M Aouatef, B Asma, H Hajer, A Charfeddine, B Lamia, K Taoufik
The objective is to assess the influence of sociodemographic, professional and clinical variables on the choice of treatment of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). An exhaustive and trans-sectional study was conducted over a period of eight years, from 1st January 2006 to 31 December 2013 in the Department of Occupational Medicine at University Hospital of Mahdia, Tunisia. The study population was represented by patients with work-related carpal tunnel syndrome. Data collection was based on a questionnaire sheet, describing social, occupational and medical characteristics of patients...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775045/prevalence-and-incidence-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-in-a-multi-ethnic-county-of-greater-paris
#20
Boris Duchemann, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Camille Jacobe de Naurois, Shreosi Sanyal, Pierre-Yves Brillet, Michel Brauner, Marianne Kambouchner, Sophie Huynh, Jean Marc Naccache, Raphael Borie, Jacques Piquet, Arsène Mekinian, Jerôme Virally, Yurdagul Uzunhan, Jacques Cadranel, Bruno Crestani, Olivier Fain, Francois Lhote, Robin Dhote, Nathalie Saidenberg-Kermanac'h, Paul-André Rosental, Dominique Valeyre, Hilario Nunes
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in Seine-Saint-Denis, a multi-ethnic county of Greater Paris, France.Patients with ILDs were identified between January and December 2012 by using several sources; all potentially involved medical specialists from public and private hospitals, community-based pulmonologists and general practitioners, and the Social Security system. Diagnoses were validated centrally by an expert multidisciplinary discussion...
August 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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