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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108676/can-work-make-you-mentally-ill-a-systematic-meta-review-of-work-related-risk-factors-for-common-mental-health-problems
#1
REVIEW
Samuel B Harvey, Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems...
January 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107456/social-inequalities-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-the-role-of-objective-and-subjective-socioeconomic-status
#2
Jens Hoebel, Ulrike E Maske, Hajo Zeeb, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that lower objective socioeconomic status (SES)-as measured by education, occupation, and income-is associated with a higher risk of depression. Less is known, however, about associations between perceptions of social status and the prevalence of depression. This study investigated associations of both objective SES and subjective social status (SSS) with depressive symptoms among adults in Germany. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 special wave of the German Health Update study, a national health survey of the adult population in Germany...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103728/occupational-problems-and-barriers-reported-by-individuals-with-obesity
#3
Randi Nossum, Ann-Elin Johansen, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: Even if occupational therapists meet many people with obesity in the course of their work, a majority of them do not seem to view weight management as within their area of professional practice. AIM: To explore the occupational problems and barriers among persons with severe obesity from an occupational therapy perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used the Canadian Model of Occupation and Engagement (CMOP-E) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to identify and analyze prioritized occupational performance problems and barriers perceived by 63 individuals with obesity...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#4
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#5
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095815/assessment-of-the-ecological-bias-of-seven-aggregate-social-deprivation-indices
#6
Josephine Bryere, Carole Pornet, Nane Copin, Ludivine Launay, Gaëlle Gusto, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Thierry Lang, Olivier Lantieri, Olivier Dejardin, Guy Launoy
BACKGROUND: In aggregate studies, ecological indices are used to study the influence of socioeconomic status on health. Their main limitation is ecological bias. This study assesses the misclassification of individual socioeconomic status in seven ecological indices. METHODS: Individual socioeconomic data for a random sample of 10,000 persons came from periodic health examinations conducted in 2006 in 11 French departments. Geographical data came from the 2007 census at the lowest geographical level available in France...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079614/the-role-of-gene-environment-interplay-in-occupational-and-environmental-diseases-current-concepts-and-knowledge-gaps
#7
Elizabeth Kwo, David Christiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The interplay between genetic susceptibilities and environmental exposures in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases is an area of increased scientific, epidemiologic, and social interest. Given the variation in methodologies used in the field, this review aims to create a framework to help understand occupational exposures as they currently exist and provide a foundation for future inquiries into the biological mechanisms of the gene-environment interactions. Understanding of this complex interplay will be important in the context of occupational health, given the public health concerns surrounding a variety of occupational exposures...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#8
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076649/suicide-attempts-in-bipolar-i-patients-impact-of-comorbid-personality-disorders
#9
Severino Bezerra, Amanda Galvão-de-Almeida, Paula Studart, Davi F Martins, André C Caribé, Paulo A Schwingel, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
Objective: To evaluate the association between personality disorders (PDs) and suicide attempts (SAs) in euthymic patients with type I bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: One-hundred twenty patients with type I BD, with and without history of SA, were evaluated during euthymia. The assessment included a clinical and sociodemographic questionnaire, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Young Mania Rating Scale, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV Axis I and II Disorders...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076583/-social-factors-associated-with-use-of-prenatal-care-in-ecuador
#10
Amaya Sánchez-Gómez, William Cevallos, Mario J Grijalva, Luis C Silva-Ayçaguer, Susana Tamayo, Jerry O Jacobson, Jaime A Costales, Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Suzanne Serruya, Celia Riera
Objectives: Prenatal care is a pillar of public health, enabling access to interventions including prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis. This paper describes social factors related to use of prenatal care in Ecuador. Methods: In 2011 and 2012, participant clinical history and interview information was analyzed from a national probability sample of 5 998 women presenting for delivery or miscarriage services in 15 healthcare facilities in Ecuador, to estimate prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and Chagas disease, and prenatal care coverage...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074269/varied-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-cmr-chemicals-in-occupational-settings-in-france
#11
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: To explore varied exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. METHODS: Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational risks (SUMER) that was conducted in 2010 in a national representative sample of employees. We selected 28 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans...
January 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072832/objectively-assessed-exercise-behavior-in-chinese-patients-with-early-stage-cancer-a-predictor-of-perceived-benefits-communication-with-doctors-medical-coping-modes-depression-and-quality-of-life
#12
Zhunzhun Liu, Lanfeng Zhang, Songsong Shi, Wenkai Xia
This study sought to identify factors associated with objectively assessed exercise behavior in Chinese patients with early-stage cancer. Three hundred and fifty one cancer patients were recruited from the Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College and the Nantong Tumor Hospital. One-way ANOVA, Pearson Chi-square tests and regression analysis were employed to identify the correlations between physical exercise and the measured factors. The results showed that occupation type (χ2 = 14...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069034/health-related-quality-of-life-and-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-huntington-s-disease
#13
Marleen R van Walsem, Emilie I Howe, Gunvor A Ruud, Jan C Frich, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with a prevalence of 6 per 100.000. Despite increasing research activity on HD, evidence on healthcare utilization, patients' needs for healthcare services and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is still sparse. The present study describes HRQoL in a Norwegian cohort of HD patients, and assesses associations between unmet healthcare and social support service needs and HRQoL. METHODS: In this cross-sectional population-based study, 84 patients with a clinical diagnosis of HD living in the South-East of Norway completed the HRQoL questionnaire EuroQol, EQ-5D-3L...
January 7, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068957/psychological-social-and-mechanical-work-exposures-and-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study
#14
Jan S Emberland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
BACKGROUND: Relations between several occupational psychological and social factors and disability retirement remain largely unexplored. Knowledge of which specific aspects of the work environment that affect risk of disability is a prerequisite for the success of organizational interventions aiming to prevent premature work force exit. The objective of the present study was to determine contributions to registered disability retirement by a broad range of psychological and social work exposures while taking into account effects of mechanical exposure...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068907/hospitalized-care-for-mdr-tb-in-port-harcourt-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#15
Kingsley Lezor Bieh, Ralf Weigel, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is prevalent in 2.9% of new TB cases and 14% of retreatment cases, and the country is one of 27 with high disease burden globally. Patients are admitted and confined to one of ten MDR-TB treatment facilities throughout the initial 8 months of treatment. The perspectives of MDR-TB patients shared on social media and in academic research and those of providers are limited to experiences of home-based care. In this study we explored the views of hospitalised MDR-TB patients and providers in one treatment facility in Nigeria, and describe how their experiences are linked to accessibility of care and support services, in line with international goals...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#16
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067780/a-mental-health-survey-of-different-ethnic-and-occupational-groups-in-xinjiang-china
#17
Ailing Fu, Bo Liu, Yu Jiang, Junling Zhao, Guanghui Zhang, Jiwen Liu
Poor mental health has become a serious social and public health-care burden. This cross-sectional study used multistage stratified cluster random sampling to gather mental health information from 11,891 adults (18-60 years) employed in various occupations categorized according to the Chinese Standard Occupational Classification. Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire, and participants exceeding the cut-off score were defined as having poor mental health. The overall prevalence of poor mental health was 23...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066893/content-and-cultural-validity-in-the-development-of-the-indigenous-play-partner-scale
#18
Alma M Dender, Karen E Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Culturally relevant assessments of Australian Indigenous children's social pretend play do not exist. This study investigated the content validity and cultural validity of the Indigenous Play Partner Scale (I-PPS). METHODS: Six pairs of children (i.e. 12 children) aged four-six years from a remote Australian town were videoed playing in pairs, and 14 community elders and mothers participated across three focus groups. The social interactions between the children were transcribed from the videos...
January 8, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065204/risk-factors-for-pertussis-in-adults-and-teenagers-in-england
#19
A Wensley, G J Hughes, H Campbell, G Amirthalingam, N Andrews, N Young, L Coole
Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis which can be fatal in infants. Although high vaccine coverage led to prolonged disease control in England, a national outbreak of pertussis in 2011 led to the largest increase in over two decades, including a marked increase in cases aged ⩾15 years. A case-control study in four regions of England was undertaken to investigate risk factors for pertussis in adolescents and adults, specifically employment type and professional and household contact with children...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064028/resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention-for-young-adults
#20
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Robin Whittemore, Anne L Peters
OVERVIEW: This paper describes the study protocol used to evaluate the Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes (REAL Diabetes) intervention and reports on baseline characteristics of recruited participants. REAL Diabetes is an activity-based intervention designed to address the needs of young adults diagnosed with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) from low socioeconomic status or racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. The REAL intervention incorporates tailored delivery of seven content modules addressing various dimensions of health and well-being as they relate to diabetes, delivered by a licensed occupational therapist...
January 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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