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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432823/-gerimedjc-the-twitter-complement-to-the-traditional-format-geriatric-medicine-journal-club
#1
Amanda I Gardhouse, Laura Budd, Seu Y C Yang, Camilla L Wong
Twitter is a public microblogging platform that overcomes physical limitations and allows unrestricted participation beyond academic silos, enabling interactive discussions. Twitter-based journal clubs have demonstrated growth, sustainability, and worldwide communication, using a hashtag (#) to follow participation. This article describes the first year of #GeriMedJC, a monthly 1-hour live, 23-hour asynchronous Twitter-based complement to the traditional-format geriatric medicine journal club. The Twitter moderator tweets from the handle @GeriMedJC; encourages use of #GeriMedJC; and invites content experts, study authors, and followers to participate in critical appraisal of medical literature...
April 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431582/social-media-engagement-analysis-of-u-s-federal-health-agencies-on-facebook
#2
Sanmitra Bhattacharya, Padmini Srinivasan, Philip Polgreen
BACKGROUND: It is becoming increasingly common for individuals and organizations to use social media platforms such as Facebook. These are being used for a wide variety of purposes including disseminating, discussing and seeking health related information. U.S. Federal health agencies are leveraging these platforms to 'engage' social media users to read, spread, promote and encourage health related discussions. However, different agencies and their communications get varying levels of engagement...
April 21, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#3
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#4
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427336/protocol-for-the-home-hazards-removal-program-harp-study-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-and-implementation-study
#5
Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu, Yan Yan
BACKGROUND: Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational therapists, can reduce falls among high-risk community-dwelling older adults by 39%. However, home-modification implementation is not standard practice in the United States. The goal of the Home Hazard Removal Program (HARP) study is to implement an evidence-based home modification intervention for older adults designed to reduce the incidence of falls through an aging services network...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#6
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426836/facework-and-trust-in-facilitating-health-focused-housing-interventions
#7
Dominic Aitken, Philip Hodgson, Glenda Cook, Allison Lawson
The link between housing and health is of increasing importance in the UK policy and practice context, in which poor housing is often accepted as a social determinant of poor health. Service users' experiences of, and outcomes from, a British information, advice, support and guidance service focused on the relationship between housing problems and health issues were explored. This service facilitates home improvements for privately housed residents with housing issues exacerbating or causing health problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426321/hansae-vietnam-s-garment-factory-latest-example-of-how-corporate-social-responsibility-has-failed-to-protect-workers
#8
Garrett Brown
A Korean-operated garment factory complex in Vietnam was subject to 26 separate corporate social responsibility (CSR) audits in 2015. However, thorough inspections by two other non-governmental organizations in 2016 found numerous violations of Vietnamese occupational health and safety and labor laws as well as violations of the corporate codes of conduct of the international clothing brands which source apparel from the facility. The 2016 investigations indicate the lack of efficacy of the 2015 CSR audits and call into question whether voluntary CSR programs and audits by for-profit CSR monitoring companies can effectively protect the health, safety and legal rights of workers in global supply chains...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#9
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422638/resource-seeking-as-occupation-a-critical-and-empirical-exploration
#10
Rebecca M Aldrich, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Virginia A Dickie
Occupational therapists and occupational scientists are committed to generating and using knowledge about occupation, but Western middle-class social norms regarding particular ways of doing have limited explorations of survival occupations. This article provides empirical evidence of the ways in which resource seeking constitutes an occupational response to situations of uncertain survival. Resource seeking includes a range of activities outside formal employment that aim to meet basic needs. On the basis of findings from 2 ethnographic studies, we critique the presumption of survival in guiding occupational therapy documents and the accompanying failure to recognize occupations that seem at odds with self-sufficiency...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422422/psychopathology-and-social-functioning-of-42-subjects-from-a-danish-ultra-high-risk-cohort
#12
Helle Karkov Madsen, Dorte Nordholm, Kristine Krakauer, Lasse Randers, Merete Nordentoft
AIM: To make a thorough characterization of the co-morbidity, psychopathology and demographics in the first Danish ultra high-risk (UHR) sample. METHOD: Forty-two UHR subjects went through comprehensive interviews assessing their psychopathology, psychiatric disorders, substance use and family history of psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: All UHR subjects met the criteria of at least 1 axis I diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and met on average four diagnoses (both axis I and II), mostly within the areas of depression, anxiety and substance abuse...
April 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420131/work-characteristics-associated-with-physical-functioning-in-women
#13
Aimee J Palumbo, Anneclaire J De Roos, Carolyn Cannuscio, Lucy Robinson, Jana Mossey, Julie Weitlauf, Lorena Garcia, Robert Wallace, Yvonne Michael
Women make up almost half of the labor force with older women becoming a growing segment of the population. Work characteristics influence physical functioning and women are at particular risk for physical limitations. However, little research has explored the effects of work characteristics on women's physical functioning. U.S. women between the ages of 50 and 79 were enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998. Women provided job titles and years worked at their three longest-held jobs (n = 79,147)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419797/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#14
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#15
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418341/the-knowledge-level-and-opinions-of-physicians-about-the-medical-and-legal-procedures-related-to-physical-child-abuse
#16
Sema Demirçin, Akın Tütüncüler, Fatmagül Aslan, Sevtap Velipaşaoğlu Güney, Mehmet Atılgan, Hakan Gülkesen
BACKGROUND: In order to diagnose child abuse, physicians need to consider the possibility of abuse in every child they encounter, have sufficient information about the topic and manage the cases according to current law. AIMS: To determine the knowledge level of physicians on child abuse and to learn their opinions about the procedures when they suspect child abuse. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire (cross-sectional) study. METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was applied to 390 physicians of whom 233 were general practitioners...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417545/gender-composition-of-the-occupation-sexual-orientation-and-mental-health-in-young-adulthood
#17
Koji Ueno, Preeti Vaghela, Amanda N Nix
The gender composition of the occupation has important implications for work conditions, rewards, and experiences, but little is known about whether it impacts workers' mental health. The present study seeks to answer this question by focusing on depressive symptoms and drug dependence symptoms as mental health outcomes and young adulthood as the life course context. The study further examines whether the association varies by sexual orientation, considering that occupational gender composition affects levels of stress exposure and social support availability in different ways for heterosexuals and sexual minorities...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414930/antipsychotics-promote-gabaergic-interneuron-genesis-in-the-adult-rat-brain-role-of-heat-shock-protein-production
#18
Hiroo Kaneta, Wataru Ukai, Hanako Tsujino, Kengo Furuse, Yoshiyasu Kigawa, Masaya Tayama, Takao Ishii, Eri Hashimoto, Chiaki Kawanishi
Current antipsychotics reduce positive symptoms and reverse negative symptoms in conjunction with cognitive behavioral issues with the goal of restoring impaired occupational and social functioning. However, limited information is available on their influence on gliogenesis or their neurogenic properties in adult schizophrenia brains, particularly on GABAergic interneuron production. In the present study, we used young adult subventricular zone (SVZ)-derived progenitor cells expressing proteoglycan NG2 cultures to examine the oligodendrocyte and GABAergic interneuron genesis effects of several kinds of antipsychotics on changes in differentiation function induced by exposure to the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414486/girls-with-childhood-adhd-as-adults-cross-domain-outcomes-by-diagnostic-persistence
#19
Elizabeth B Owens, Christine Zalecki, Peter Gillette, Stephen P Hinshaw
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain adult outcomes in 10 domains reflecting symptomatology (internalizing, externalizing, self-injury, substance use), attainment (education, employment), and impairment (health, social, driving, overall) as a function of both childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and persistence of ADHD symptoms across time. METHOD: We prospectively followed 140 grade-school-aged girls with rigorously diagnosed childhood ADHD and 88 age- and ethnicity-matched comparison girls for 16 years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412910/aripiprazole-a-drug-that-displays-partial-agonism-and-functional-selectivity
#20
Erin W Tuplin, Matthew R Holahan
The treatment of schizophrenia is challenging due to the wide range of symptoms (positive, negative, cognitive) associated with the disease. Typical antipsychotics that antagonize D2 receptors are effective in treating positive symptoms, but extrapyramidal side-effects (EPS) are a common occurrence. Atypical antipsychotics targeting 5-TH2A and D2 receptors are more effective at treating cognitive and negative symptoms compared to typical antipsychotics, but these drugs also result in side-effects such as metabolic syndromes...
April 13, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
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