keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occupational socialization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471382/gendered-safety-and-health-risks-in-the-construction-trades
#1
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468928/the-work-of-childhood-understanding-school-functioning-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#2
Kailyn Jones, David Nordstokke, Gabrielle Wilcox, Meadow Schroeder, Melanie Noel
School is often cited as the 'work of childhood' and serves as an important site for child and adolescent development. Frequent school absences in children and adolescents with chronic pain are well documented; however, variables that may explain school impairment are not understood. The potential consequences of school impairment are extensive, as these children and adolescents are at great risk for achieving poor grades and sometimes require full-time homebound instruction. This, in turn, can have adverse effects on occupational and social functioning well into adulthood...
February 22, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468703/individual-differences-in-social-control-who-speaks-up-when-witnessing-uncivil-discriminatory-and-immoral-behaviours
#3
Alexandrina Moisuc, Markus Brauer, Anabel Fonseca, Nadine Chaurand, Tobias Greitemeyer
This research examined the personality characteristics of individuals who 'speak up' and confront perpetrators of norm transgressions. We tested whether those who intervene tend to be 'bitter complainers' or 'well-adjusted leaders'. In four studies (total N = 1,003), we measured several individual differences that are directly implicated by at least one of the two concepts. We also presented participants with uncivil, discriminatory, and immoral behaviours and asked them how likely they would be to intervene if they were to witness each of these behaviours as a bystander...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468523/gender-differential-in-social-and-economic-predictors-of-incident-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-ibadan-study-of-ageing
#4
Akin Ojagbemi, Toyin Bello, Oye Gureje
PURPOSE: Working on the hypothesis that the social and economic factors associated with onset of late-life depression operate differently for men and women, we investigated the impact of current social relationships and lifetime occupational attainment on incident major depressive disorder (MDD) assessed in three follow-up waves over a period of 5 years. METHODS: Participants were part of a household multistage probability sample of 2149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years and above...
February 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464918/measuring-socioeconomic-status-and-environmental-factors-in-the-saycare-study-in-south-america-reliability-of-the-methods
#5
Augusto Cesar Ferreira De Moraes, Elsie C O Forkert, Regina Célia Vilanova-Campelo, Laura Inés González-Zapata, Leticia Azzaretti, Isabel Iguacel, Luis Huicho, Paula Moliterno, Luis Alberto Moreno, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to test the reliability of two questionnaires in studies involving children and adolescents (aged 3-18 years) in seven South American cities. One assesses socioeconomic status (SES) and the other measures environmental factors. METHODS: The SES questionnaire was composed of 14 questions, which included the presence of several consumer goods, domestic services, family income, parental education level, and current parental occupation status...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463589/factors-associated-with-insufficient-awareness-of-breast-cancer-among-women-in-northern-and-eastern-china-a-case-control-study
#6
Li-Yuan Liu, Yong-Jiu Wang, Fei Wang, Li-Xiang Yu, Yu-Juan Xiang, Fei Zhou, Liang Li, Qiang Zhang, Qin-Ye Fu, Zhong-Bing Ma, De-Zong Gao, Yu-Yang Li, Zhi-Gang Yu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the awareness and knowledge level of breast cancer among Chinese participants. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTINGS: This study was based on the database of the minister-affiliated hospital key project of the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China that included 21 Chinese hospitals between April 2012 and April 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Matched study was designed among 2978 participants with Han ethnicity aged between 25 and 70...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463102/social-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-failing-second-line-art-results-from-a-cohort-study-at-the-themba-lethu-clinic-johannesburg-south-africa
#7
Denise Evans, Sara Dahlberg, Rebecca Berhanu, Tembeka Sineke, Caroline Govathson, Ingrid Jonker, Elisabet Lönnermark, Matthew P Fox
Poor adherence is a main challenge to successful second-line ART in South Africa. Studies have shown that patients can re-suppress their viral load following intensive adherence counselling. We identify factors associated with failure to re-suppress on second-line ART. The study was a retrospective cohort study which included HIV-positive adults who experienced an elevated viral load ≥400 copies/ml on second-line ART between January 2013-July 2014, had completed an adherence counselling questionnaire and had a repeat viral load result recorded within 6 months of intensive adherence counselling...
February 21, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462876/narcolepsy-and-psychiatric-disorders-comorbidities-or-shared-pathophysiology
#8
REVIEW
Anne Marie Morse, Kothare Sanjeev
Narcolepsy and psychiatric disorders have a significant but unrecognized relationship, which is an area of evolving interest, but unfortunately, the association is poorly understood. It is not uncommon for the two to occur co-morbidly. However, narcolepsy is frequently misdiagnosed initially as a psychiatric condition, contributing to the protracted time to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Narcolepsy is a disabling neurodegenerative condition that carries a high risk for development of social and occupational dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462861/evaluating-the-impacts-of-health-social-network-and-capital-on-craft-efficiency-and-productivity-a-case-study-of-construction-workers-in-china
#9
Jingfeng Yuan, Wen Yi, Mengyi Miao, Lei Zhang
The construction industry has been recognized, for many years, as among those having a high likelihood of accidents, injuries and occupational illnesses. Such risks of construction workers can lead to low productivity and social problems. As a result, construction workers' well-being should be highly addressed to improve construction workers' efficiency and productivity. Meanwhile, the social support from a social network and capital (SNC) of construction workers has been considered as an effective approach to promote construction workers' physical and mental health (P&M health), as well as their work efficiency and productivity...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462211/lung-cancer-and-socioeconomic-status-in-a-pooled-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#10
Jan Hovanec, Jack Siemiatycki, David I Conway, Ann Olsson, Isabelle Stücker, Florence Guida, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Hermann Pohlabeln, Wolfgang Ahrens, Irene Brüske, Heinz-Erich Wichmann, Per Gustavsson, Dario Consonni, Franco Merletti, Lorenzo Richiardi, Lorenzo Simonato, Cristina Fortes, Marie-Elise Parent, John McLaughlin, Paul Demers, Maria Teresa Landi, Neil Caporaso, Adonina Tardón, David Zaridze, Neonila Szeszenia-Dabrowska, Peter Rudnai, Jolanta Lissowska, Eleonora Fabianova, John Field, Rodica Stanescu Dumitru, Vladimir Bencko, Lenka Foretova, Vladimir Janout, Hans Kromhout, Roel Vermeulen, Paolo Boffetta, Kurt Straif, Joachim Schüz, Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Thomas Brüning, Thomas Behrens
BACKGROUND: An association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and lung cancer has been observed in several studies, but often without adequate control for smoking behavior. We studied the association between lung cancer and occupationally derived SES, using data from the international pooled SYNERGY study. METHODS: Twelve case-control studies from Europe and Canada were included in the analysis. Based on occupational histories of study participants we measured SES using the International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status (ISEI) and the European Socio-economic Classification (ESeC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461307/are-graft-versus-host-disease-patients-missing-out-on-the-vital-occupational-therapy-services-a-systematic-review
#11
Hadeel R Bakhsh, Jaleel Mohammed, Shahrukh K Hashmi
The aim of this review is to show the importance of occupational therapy/hand therapy for chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) patients and to outline the current state of the literature. GVHD of the hand can cause functional loss, reduced activities of daily life, poor social interaction, and loss of income because of limitations in work. Hand therapy, which is a specialty practised by both occupational therapists and physical therapists, has been proven to be an effective approach for hand-related musculoskeletal disorders; however, the literature search suggests that it is an underutilized specialty around the world...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461241/measurement-of-personal-risk-behavi-or-in-occupational-risk-studies-among-health-care-workers
#12
M Butsashvili, G Kamkamidze, M Kajaia, K Nelson, W Triner, L A McNutt
Risky behaviours, particularly illegal and heavily stigmatized behaviours, are difficult to measure through self-report in both high risk groups and the general population. Underreporting can result in substantially biased estimates of non-injection drug use (IDU) risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We hypothesized that asking about the existence of social networks injection drug use may be a useful marker of IDU. A cross-sectional survey of physicians and nurses was conducted in seven hospitals in Georgia...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458268/plhiv-are-more-likely-to-have-mental-distress-evidence-from-a-comparison-of-a-cross-section-of-hiv-and-diabetes-patients-at-tertiary-hospitals-in-nigeria
#13
Olumide Abiodun, Ismail Lawal, Christopher Omokanye
HIV is now regarded as a chronic disease because of the availability of treatment. However, it is not well known if there are differences (clinically and in magnitude) between the mental health status of PLHIV and people living with other chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the mental health status of patients attending antiretroviral clinics to patients attending diabetes clinics at tertiary hospitals in Ogun State, Nigeria. A comparative hospital-based cross-sectional study of mental distress among 639 HIV-positive and 639 diabetic patients was carried out...
February 19, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457672/gambling-related-cognitive-distortions-predict-level-of-function-among-us-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-gambling-disorders
#14
Steven D Shirk, Megan M Kelly, Shane W Kraus, Marc N Potenza, Kendra Pugh, Christopher Waltrous, Edward Federman, Christopher Krebs, Charles E Drebing
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gambling Disorder (GD) is characterized by recurrent gambling behavior that is associated with significant impairment and distress, high psychiatric comorbidities, and high functional disability. The military veteran population appears particularly susceptible to developing the disorder, but relatively little has been studied among this population. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the clinical psychopathologies and comorbidities of veterans seeking treatment for problem gambling and how problem gambling may impact functioning...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455161/assessing-factors-associated-with-long-term-work-disability-after-cancer-in-belgium-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-competing-risks-analysis-with-a-7-year-follow-up
#15
Régine Levo Kiasuwa Mbengi, Alina Mioara Nicolaie, Els Goetghebeur, Renee Otter, Katrien Mortelmans, Sarah Missinnne, Marc Arbyn, Catherine Bouland, Christophe de Brouwer
OBJECTIVES: The number of workers with cancer has dramatically increasing worldwide. One of the main priorities is to preserve their quality of life and the sustainability of social security systems. We have carried out this study to assess factors associated with the ability to work after cancer. Such insight should help with the planning of rehabilitation needs and tailored programmes. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted this register-based cohort study using individual data from the Belgian Disability Insurance...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452590/factors-associated-with-persistent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-u-s-military-service-members-and-veterans
#16
Richard F Armenta, Toni Rush, Cynthia A LeardMann, Jeffrey Millegan, Adam Cooper, Charles W Hoge
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can have long-term and far-reaching impacts on health and social and occupational functioning. This study examined factors associated with persistent PTSD among U.S. service members and veterans. METHODS: Using baseline and follow-up (2001-2013) questionnaire data collected approximately every 3 years from the Millennium Cohort Study, multivariable logistic regression was conducted to determine factors associated with persistent PTSD...
February 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451617/trends-in-social-security-benefits-for-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-from-2006-to-2013-in-brazil
#17
Rafael Aiello Bomfim, Andreia Morales Cascaes
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the trends in the concession of social security sick pay for oral and oropharyngeal cancer, from 2006 to 2013, in Brazil. METHODS: time series study using data of workers insured by the Brazilian National Institute of Social Security (INSS); Prais-Winsten generalized linear regressions were used to calculate the annual percentage change (APC). RESULTS: social security benefits for oral and oropharyngeal cancer presented significant increase (APC=9...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449034/quality-of-experience-during-horticultural-activities-an-experience-sampling-pilot-study-among-older-adults-living-in-a-nursing-home
#18
Marta Bassi, Cecilia Rassiga, Natalia Fumagalli, Giulio Senes
Horticulture was shown to represent a well-being source for older adults, encompassing the physical, mental and social domains. Aim of this pilot study was to contribute to extant literature through the investigation of the quality of experience associated with horticultural versus occupational activities. A group of 11 older residents of a nursing home were involved in a crossover study with a baseline measure. Participants attended weekly horticultural and occupational sessions for two six-week cycles. Experience Sampling Method was administered before the program and after each session, to assess participants' levels of happiness, concentration, sociability, involvement, challenges and stakes, and self-satisfaction...
February 12, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445909/the-relationship-among-preconception-depression-anxiety-and-social-support-of-the-reproductive-aged-women-in-china
#19
Jihong Xu, Ping Chen, Xu Ma
The reproductive-aged women have to face physiological and psychological challenges as long as they plan to conceive. However, most previous studies focused on depression and anxiety during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the association among preconception depression, anxiety, and social support of the Chinese reproductive-aged women. Nine-hundred five reproductive-aged women who planned to conceive for the first or second time in the next three months were recruited through the Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from three provinces in China...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444781/do-quality-improvement-initiatives-for-diabetes-care-address-social-inequities-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#20
Jacquie Boyang Lu, Kristin J Danko, Michael D Elfassy, Vivian Welch, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Socially disadvantaged populations carry a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. There is an emerging interest in quality improvement (QI) strategies in the care of patients with diabetes, however, the effect of these interventions on disadvantaged groups remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This is a secondary analysis of a systematic review that seeks to examine the extent of equity considerations in diabetes QI studies, specifically quantifying the proportion of studies that target interventions toward disadvantaged populations and conduct analyses on the impact of interventions on disadvantaged groups...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
49703
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"