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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052948/association-of-participant-preferences-on-work-and-school-participation-after-a-first-episode-of-psychosis
#1
Alexandra de Waal, Lisa B Dixon, Jennifer L Humensky
AIM: To explore baseline ratings of importance (ROI) across life domains for participants in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Connection Program (RAISE CP), and investigate whether ratings were correlated with intervention outcomes over time. METHODS: At baseline, 63 participants rated the importance of reducing symptoms, side-effects, confusion, increasing energy and school/work functioning and improving social relations. ROIs were examined in relation to work/school participation (n = 41) and occupational functioning (n = 37) after 12 months...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052283/characteristics-of-alleged-homicide-offenders-with-and-without-schizophrenia-in-sichuan-china
#2
Xiacan Chen, Xueli Zhang, Stephen C P Wong, Min Yang, Di Kong, Junmei Hu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of people with and without schizophrenia who have been charged with homicide in China. AIMS AND RESEARCH QUESTION: Our research question was what differences are there between alleged homicide offenders with and without psychosis? METHOD: All archival records of alleged homicide cases referred for assessment to the West China Forensic Central Medical Service during 1998-2006 were retrieved...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051044/the-effect-of-health-on-socioeconomic-status-using-instrumental-variables-to-revisit-a-successful-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Madeleine I G Daepp, Mariana C Arcaya
Poor health is widely recognized as a consequence of social disadvantage, but health problems may also help transmit social disadvantage over time and generations. Experimentally assigned health exposures, namely those tested in randomized controlled trials, may provide opportunities to estimate the causal effects of health on socioeconomic status (SES). We revisit data from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial, a randomized controlled trial of glucose control therapy in Type 1 diabetic patients, and use treatment assignment as an instrument for health status to test the causal effect of treatment-related health improvement on subsequent SES measured during the trial's follow-up study, the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study...
September 25, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048386/leveraging-the-domain-of-work-to-improve-migrant-health
#4
Michael A Flynn, Kolitha Wickramage
Work is a principal driver of current international migration, a primary social determinant of health, and a fundamental point of articulation between migrants and their host society. Efforts by international organizations to promote migrant health have traditionally focused on infectious diseases and access to healthcare, while international labor organizations have largely focused on issues of occupational health. The underutilization of the domain of work in addressing the health of migrants is truly a missed opportunity for influencing worker well-being and reducing societal economic burden...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045714/the-psychological-health-of-remote-area-medics-in-iraq
#5
S Whittaker-Howe, G Brown, V Williamson, N Greenberg
Background: Remote area medics (RAMs) may be at increased risk of mental health difficulties. Aims: To explore the occupational experiences of RAMs to identify stressors and the mental health impact. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six RAMs working in Iraq to gather data, which was explored using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results: Three key themes emerged from the data (i) the experience of being remote, (ii) cultural shock and (iii) social support...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044595/a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-use-of-the-occupational-justice-framework-in-research
#6
REVIEW
Tanya Elizabeth Benjamin-Thomas, Debbie Laliberte Rudman
BACKGROUND: The occupational justice framework was established in the late 1990s with an agenda to spur occupational therapists to take action against injustices pertaining to occupation. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis of 23 texts was undertaken to examine how the occupational justice framework has been utilised in research, with a particular focus on how such research is located on a knowledge to action continuum and the extent to which it enacts the call to remediate occupational injustices...
October 18, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042407/can-favourable-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-midlife-moderate-the-risk-of-work-exit-for-chronically-ill-workers-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-whitehall-ii-study
#7
Maria Fleischmann, Ewan Carr, Stephen A Stansfeld, Baowen Xue, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if favourable psychosocial working conditions can reduce the risk of work exit and specifically for workers with chronic disease. METHODS: Men and women (32%) aged 35-55, working and having no chronic disease at baseline of the Whitehall II study of London-based civil servants were selected (n=9040). We observed participants' exit from work through retirement, health-related exit and unemployment, new diagnosis of chronic disease (ie, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer) and their psychosocial working conditions in midlife...
October 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#8
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#9
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040623/socio-economic-trajectories-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-older-people-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Silvia Stringhini, Paola Zaninotto, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimäki, Camille Lassale, G David Batty
Background: Socio-economic status from early life has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of life-course socio-economic trajectories, as well as the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk, is uncertain. Objectives: We assessed the role of behavioural, psychosocial and physiological (including inflammatory) factors in the association between life-course socio-economic status and cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038718/effects-of-a-theory-driven-educational-package-and-social-support-on-durability-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-behavior-a-community-based-program
#11
Mohammad Ali Orouji, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Roya Sadeghi, Mohammad Rafiei
BACKGROUND: According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report, the prevalence of smoking in Iranian individuals aged 15-64 is up to 12%. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to determine the durability of smoking cessation behavior based on a trans-theoretical model. METHODS: This educational experimental study was conducted on smokers in Khomein City, Iran, in 2015. Sampling was done through a public announcement and then a random allocation of participants into two study group (50 persons) and control group (60 persons)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036185/impact-of-social-inequalities-at-birth-on-the-longevity-of-children-born-1914-1916-a-cohort-study
#12
Nicolas Todd, Sophie Le Fur, Pierre Bougnères, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Testing whether familial socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is a predictor of mortality has rarely been done on historical cohorts. METHODS: The birth certificates of 4,805 individuals born 1914-1916 in 16 districts of the Paris region were retrieved. The handwritten information provided the occupation of parents, the legitimacy status, life events (e.g. marriage, divorce), and the precise date of death when after 1945 (i.e. age 31 years (y) in the cohort)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034666/-respiratory-cancers-attributable-to-occupational-exposures-what-is-the-cost-to-society-in-france
#13
Hassan Serrier, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Danièle Luce, Sophie Béjean
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the social cost of respiratory cancers attributable to occupational risk factors in France in 2010. METHODS: We estimated the number of cases of respiratory cancers attributable to each identified occupational risk factor according to the attributable fractions method. We also estimated direct (costs of hospital stays, drugs, outpatient care) and indirect costs (production losses) related to morbidity (absenteeism and presenteeism) and mortality (years of lost production)...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033569/associations-among-depression-severity-painful-physical-symptoms-and-social-and-occupational-functioning-impairment-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-3-month-prospective-observational-study
#14
Eiji Harada, Yoichi Satoi, Atsushi Kuga, Hirofumi Tokuoka, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Koichiro Watanabe, Levent Alev, Masaru Mimura
PURPOSE: To investigate associations among depression severity, painful physical symptoms (PPS), and social and occupational functioning impairment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who had achieved complete remission (CR) or partial remission (PR) after acute treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a 12-week, multicenter, prospective, observational study. Patients with MDD treated with an antidepressant medication for the previous 12 weeks (±3 weeks) who had achieved CR (defined as a 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D17] score ≤7) or PR (HAM-D17 score ≥8 and ≤18) were enrolled...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030878/the-association-between-ptsd-and-functional-outcome-is-mediated-by-perception-of-cognitive-problems-rather-than-objective-neurological-test-performance
#15
Kristin W Samuelson, Linda Abadjian, Joshua T Jordan, Alisa Bartel, Jennifer Vasterling, Karen Seal
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been consistently linked to poorer functional outcomes, including quality of life, health problems, and social and occupational functioning. Less is known about the potential mechanisms by which PTSD leads to poorer functional outcomes. We hypothesized that neurocognitive functioning and perception of cognitive problems would both mediate the relationship between PTSD diagnosis and functioning. In a sample of 140 veterans of the recent wars and conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, we assessed PTSD symptoms, history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, self-report measures of quality of life, social and occupational functioning, and reintegration to civilian life, as well as perception of cognitive problems...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030397/poor-health-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-job-loss-due-to-automation-the-case-of-norway
#16
Philipp Hessel, Solveig Christiansen, Vegard Skirbekk
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the extent to which health characteristics of workers are related to the potential risk of experiencing job displacement due to automation. METHODS: Linking the 2015 Norwegian Statistics on Income and Living Conditions survey (n=6393) with predicted probabilities of automation by occupation, we used Kruskal-Wallis tests and multivariate generalised linear models to assess the association between long-standing illnesses and risk of job automation...
October 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029614/field-assessment-of-a-novel-spatial-repellent-for-malaria-control-a-feasibility-and-acceptability-study-in-mondulkiri-cambodia
#17
Marco Liverani, Jacques Derek Charlwood, Harriet Lawford, Shunmay Yeung
BACKGROUND: Large-scale use of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying have contributed to a significant decrease in malaria transmission worldwide. Further reduction and progress towards elimination, however, require complementary control measures which can address the remaining gaps in protection from mosquito bites. Following the development of novel pyrethroids with high knockdown effects on malaria vectors, programmatic use of spatial repellents has been suggested as one potential strategy to fill the gaps...
October 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#18
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026767/socioeconomic-determinants-affecting-the-quality-of-life-among-diabetic-and-hypertensive-patients-in-a-rural-area-egypt
#19
Hewaida M ElShazly, Nagwa Nashat Hegazy
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension have a high prevalence of growth in all countries threatening to become a global epidemic risk, thus the quality of life this category of patients is extremely important. The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic determinants affecting the quality of life among diabetic and hypertensive patients. PATIENT AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural family health care center in El-Batanon village, in the delta region of Menoufia, Egypt...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026614/the-association-between-perceived-discriminations-and-well-being-in-korean-employed-workers-the-4th-korean-working-conditions-survey
#20
Hee Sung Lee, Guang Hwi Kim, Sung Won Jung, June-Hee Lee, Kyung-Jae Lee, Joo Ja Kim
BACKGROUND: Around the globe, discrimination has emerged as a social issue requiring serious consideration. From the perspective of public health, the impact of discrimination on the health of affected individuals is a subject of great importance. On the other hand, subjective well-being is a key indicator of an individual's physical, mental, and social health. The present study aims to analyze the relationship between Korean employed workers' subjective health and their exposure to perceived discrimination...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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