keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occupational socialization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#1
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676039/breastfeeding-performance-in-iranian-women
#2
Fatemeh Faridvand, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Jamileh Malakouti
AIM: Studies have shown that breastfeeding has both short-term and long-term useful effects on mother's and newborn's health. This study was conducted with the aim of determining predictors of breastfeeding performance in women who were referred to health centres in Tabriz City, Iran, in 2014 to 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study cluster-sampled 220 breastfeeding women with infants aged 4 to 6 months. The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale, the personal resource questionnaire-85, and a researcher-developed knowledge questionnaire were used to collect data...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675693/inference-procedures-to-quantify-the-efficiency-equality-trade-off-in-health-from-stated-preferences-a-case-study-in-portugal
#3
Micaela Pinho, Anabela Botelho
OBJECTIVES: This article develops two inference procedures to calculate the inequality aversion and alpha parameters of a health-related social welfare function with constant elasticity (CES-HRSWF) using stated preferences. Based on the relative concept of inequality, a range of values were proposed for the trade-offs between improving total population health and reducing health inequalities. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 422 college students in Portugal...
April 20, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673270/men-s-mental-health-social-determinants-and-implications-for-services
#4
William Affleck, Victoria Carmichael, Rob Whitley
Numerous scholars have stated that there is a silent crisis in men's mental health. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of core issues in the field of men's mental health, including a discussion of key social determinants as well as implications for mental health services. Firstly, we review the basic epidemiology of mental disorders with a high incidence and prevalence in men, including suicide and substance use disorder. Secondly, we examine controversies around the low reported rates of depression in men, discussing possible measurement and reporting biases...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671650/early-outcomes-of-a-municipally-funded-oocyte-cryopreservation-programme-in-japan
#5
Iwaho Kikuchi, Noriko Kagawa, Yuka Shirosaki, Ikumi Shinozaki, Yasuka Miyakuni, Kyoko Oshina, Michio Nojima, Koyo Yoshida
One factor explaining the declining birth rate in Japan is the social advancement of women. Women are delaying marriage and childbirth, with many then facing so-called 'social infertility'. Advanced infertility treatment options, such as in vitro fertilization, are available, but the costs are high. Further, the success rates for 'older' women are only around 10%. We report the preliminary results of an oocyte cryopreservation programme promoted and subsidized by our city government. Citywide seminars were conducted to generate awareness of issues surrounding fertility...
April 19, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668070/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-a-flexible-office-based-workplace-employee-perceptions-and-priorities-for-change
#6
Heidi M Olsen, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Nicola W Burton
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Many Australian employees now regularly work from home in some capacity. This new way of working has not been widely studied in relation to the potential implications for employees' health-related behaviour or workplace health promotion. The aim of this study was to explore office-based employees' perceptions of the impact of flexible work on physical activity and sedentary behaviour; and preferences for associated interventions. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted with office-based employees (n=28) six months after the introduction of a flexible work policy...
April 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665834/inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-risk-factors-in-sri-lanka-a-lower-middle-income-country
#7
Ambepitiyawaduge Pubudu De Silva, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal De Silva, Rashan Haniffa, Isurujith Kongala Liyanage, Saroj Jayasinghe, Prasad Katulanda, Chandrika Neelakanthi Wijeratne, Sumedha Wijeratne, Lalini Chandika Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: Explorations into quantifying the inequalities for diabetes mellitus (DM) and its risk factors are scarce in low and lower middle income countries (LICs/LMICs). The aims of this study were to assess the inequalities of DM and its risk factors in a suburban district of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A sample of 1300 participants, (aged 35-64 years) randomly selected using a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method, were studied employing a cross sectional descriptive design...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665586/-working-conditions-and-mental-health-among-salaried-physicians-a-nationwide-comparison-with-a-representative-sample-of-employees
#8
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664909/higher-parental-occupational-social-contact-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-incident-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mediation-through-molecular-enteroviral-indices
#9
Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Fergus J Cameron, Christine Rodda, Andrew S Kemp, John B Carlin, Heikki Hyoty, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Terence Dwyer, Justine A Ellis, Maria E Craig
We aimed to examine the association between parental occupational social contact and hygiene factors on type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk and possible mediation of these effects through child enteroviral infection. We interviewed 333 incident T1D cases and 660 controls from 2008-2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Enteroviral indices (ribonucleic acid by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Coxsackie B virus antibody levels) in peripheral blood were measured in nested case control samples. Parent occupational social contact was assessed by the number of well or sick children, adults or animals contacted daily through work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663865/proactive-prevention-in-occupational-safety-and-health-how-to-identify-tomorrow-s-prevention-priorities-and-preventive-measures
#10
Angelika Hauke, Eva Flaspöler, Dietmar Reinert
INTRODUCTION: Global trends such as digitalisation, globalisation and demographic change are changing workplaces, and accordingly occupational safety and health (OSH) needs. To better prepare for the future and to foster proactive prevention, the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) established an OSH risk observatory (RO OSH). METHODS: The RO OSH relies on an online survey and calls upon the expertise of labour inspectors. 398 labour inspectors participated in the first RO OSH enquiry...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662722/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-in-the-vermont-medicaid-population-a-prospective-pragmatic-intervention-trial
#11
Robert T Davis, Gary Badger, Kristina Valentine, Alexander Cavert, Remy R Coeytaux
Introduction: In response to the opioid crisis, the 2016 Vermont legislature commissioned a study to assess acupuncture for patients with chronic pain in the Vermont Medicaid population. Objective: To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of acupuncture provided by licensed acupuncturists for Vermont Medicaid patients with chronic pain. Methods: A total of 156 Medicaid patients with chronic pain were offered up to 12 acupuncture treatments within a 60-day period at the offices of 28 Vermont licensed acupuncturists...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661651/-preferences-of-general-practitioners-in-metropolitan-france-with-regard-to-the-delegation-of-medico-administrative-tasks-to-secretaries-assisting-medico-social-workers-study-in-conjoint-analysis
#12
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
April 13, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660987/ecological-influences-on-employees-workplace-sedentary-behavior-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Amanda H Wilkerson, Stuart L Usdan, Adam P Knowlden, James L Leeper, David A Birch, Elizabeth E Hibberd
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ecological factors and occupational sedentary behavior (SB). DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Participants were employees recruited from a large, public university in the Southeastern United States from August to November 2016. PARTICIPANTS: The final sample included 527 (56% response rate) employees. MEASURES: Data were collected through an 87-item survey using previously validated scales that assessed occupational SB, perceived behavioral control, barrier self-efficacy, self-regulation strategies, organizational social norms, office environment, and worksite climate...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659028/the-classroom-environment-questionnaire-ceq-development-and-preliminary-structural-validity
#14
Carissa Lyons, Ted Brown, Helen Bourke-Taylor
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists offer a unique perspective regarding the contribution of the environment to occupational performance. Therefore, a scale that measures the unique characteristics of the primary school classroom environment where children complete their daily schoolwork occupations is needed. The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically evaluate a new teacher-report questionnaire that measures a number of environmental characteristics of primary school classrooms...
April 16, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656951/auditory-system-target-engagement-during-plasticity-based-interventions-in-schizophrenia-a-focus-on-modulation-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-type-glutamate-receptor-function
#15
REVIEW
Joshua T Kantrowitz, Neal R Swerdlow, Walter Dunn, Sophia Vinogradov
Cognitive deficits are predictive of long-term social and occupational functional deficits in schizophrenia but are currently without gold-standard treatments. In particular, augmentation of auditory cortical neuroplasticity may represent a rate-limiting first step before addressing higher-order cognitive deficits. We review the rationale for N-methyl-d-aspartate-type glutamate receptor (NMDAR) modulators as treatments for auditory plasticity deficits in schizophrenia, along with potential serum and electroencephalographic target engagement biomarkers for NMDAR function...
February 22, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652524/smoking-adhd-and-problematic-video-game-use-a-structural-modeling-approach
#16
Hyo Jin Lee, Denise D Tran, Holly E R Morrell
Problematic video game use (PVGU), or addiction-like use of video games, is associated with physical and mental health problems and problems in social and occupational functioning. Possible correlates of PVGU include frequency of play, cigarette smoking, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of the current study was to explore simultaneously the relationships among these variables as well as test whether two separate measures of PVGU measure the same construct, using a structural modeling approach...
April 13, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650395/changing-diet-and-physical-activity-in-nurses-a-pilot-study-and-process-evaluation-highlighting-challenges-in-workplace-health-promotion
#17
Luciana Torquati, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Michael Leveritt
OBJECTIVE: To use the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework to evaluate and understand key implementation and context factors of a diet and physical activity (PA) workplace intervention for nurses. METHODS: A 3-month pilot intervention was developed to promote diet and PA behavior through self-monitoring, goal setting, and social support using pedometers, a smartphone app, and a dedicated Facebook group. Measures included diet quality, daily PA, adoption, and implementation (including qualitative data)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628027/-screening-methods-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-primary-care
#18
Alberto Freire Pérez
Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is always clinical and screening methods only indicate that the patient has a higher risk of this condition. In MCI, there is a slight decline in some cognitive abilities that does not affect activities of daily living and therefore does not produce social or occupational disability. The definitive diagnosis of MCI requires a considerable time investment that is very rarely possible to provide in primary care (PC) consultations. Hence the need for PC physicians to employ rapid and simple screening methods (brief cognitive assessment -BCA-) that allow objective identification of patients likely to have MCI in a few minutes...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627810/cause-specific-sickness-absence-trends-by-occupational-class-and-industrial-sector-in-the-context-of-recent-labour-market-changes-a-finnish-panel-data-study
#19
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Svetlana Solovieva
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide previously unestablished information on population-based differences in cause-specific sickness absence trends between occupational classes and further between four large industrial sectors within the different occupational classes while controlling for other socioeconomic factors and employment patterns. We focused on the period 2005-2013, during which the labour market underwent large economic and structural changes in many countries. DESIGN: Register-based panel data study...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625369/maternal-mental-health-during-the-neonatal-period-relationships-to-the-occupation-of-parenting
#20
Rachel Harris, Deanna Gibbs, Kathryn Mangin-Heimos, Roberta Pineda
PURPOSE: To (1) examine the extent of a range of early mental health challenges in mothers with a very preterm infant hospitalized in the NICU and mothers of full-term infants, (2) identify family social background and infant medical factors associated with higher levels of maternal psychological distress, and (3) assess the relationship between maternal psychological distress and maternal perceptions of the parenting role, parenting confidence and NICU engagement. METHODS: At hospital discharge 37 mothers of very preterm infants (≤32 weeks gestation) and 47 mothers of full-term infants (≥37 weeks gestation) completed structured assessments of their psychological wellbeing and transition to parenting...
April 3, 2018: Early Human Development
keyword
keyword
49703
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"