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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213187/suicide-attempters-with-high-and-low-suicide-intent-different-populations-in-rural-china
#1
Bao-Peng Liu, Xin-Ting Wang, Cun-Xian Jia
This paired case-control study aimed to compare characteristics between suicide attempters with high and low suicide intent in rural China. We evaluated 409 suicide attempters and their paired controls who were matched with the same gender, age (a difference of no more than 3 years), and similar residence. Compared to paired control, suicide attempt with high and low suicide intent shared the 3 common risk factors of negative life event, high depression score, and low social support score. In addition, mental disorder was an independent risk factor of suicide attempt with high intent...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213169/functional-outcomes-in-community-based-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Kristin N Javaras, Mary C Zanarini, James I Hudson, Shelly F Greenfield, John G Gunderson
Many individuals in clinical samples with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience high levels of functional impairment. However, little is known about the levels of functional impairment experienced by individuals with BPD in the general community. To address this issue, we compared overall and domain-specific (educational/occupational; social; recreational) functioning in a sample of community-based individuals with BPD (n = 164); community-based individuals without BPD (n = 901); and clinically-ascertained individuals with BPD (n = 61)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207821/relationship-of-work-family-conflict-self-reported-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-to-burnout-syndrome-among-medical-workers-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu, Hongbo Liu, Juying Zhang, Zhanqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychosomatic syndrome widely observed in Chinese medical workers due to the increasing cost of medical treatment, excessive workload, and excessive prescribing behavior. No studies have evaluated the interrelationship among occupational burnout, work-family conflict, social support, and job satisfaction in medical workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate these relationships among medical workers in southwest China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and December 2013, and was based on the fifth National Health Service Survey (NHSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206799/military-service-member-and-veteran-reintegration-a-critical-review-and-adapted-ecological-model
#5
Christine A Elnitsky, Cara L Blevins, Michael P Fisher, Kathryn Magruder
Returning military service members and veterans (MSMVs) experience a wide range of stress-related disorders in addition to social and occupational difficulties when reintegrating to the community. Facilitating reintegration of MSMVs following deployment is a societal priority. With an objective of identifying challenges and facilitators for reintegration of MSMVs of the current war era, we critically review and identify gaps in the literature. We searched 8 electronic databases and identified 1,764 articles...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205609/association-of-fronto-temporal-function-with-cognitive-ability-in-schizophrenia
#6
Shenghong Pu, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Masashi Itakura, Masaaki Iwata, Izumi Nagata, Koichi Kaneko
Deficits in neuropsychological performance are common in schizophrenia, but their relationship with the fronto-temporal functional abnormalities associated with this condition remains unclear. We explored the relationship between neuropsychological performance as measured using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) and the Social Cognition Screening Questionnaire theory of mind (ToM) subscale and fronto-temporal function in 23 patients with schizophrenia and 23 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs), using 52-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#7
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198578/stories-of-change-the-text-analysis-of-handovers-in-an-italian-psychiatric-residential-care-home
#8
M Accordini, E Saita, F Irtelli, M Buratti, G Saluto
: Handovers assure a timely and correct information transfer while socializing workers to the service's culture, however no study describes them as instruments to document organizational change and only a few have focused on psychiatric settings. AIM: To investigate the change in the culture of an Italian psychiatric residential care home as perceived by its Mental Health Workers (MHWs) over the course of two decades. METHOD: Emotional Text Analysis (ETA) was used to analyze the MHWs' handovers completed from 1990 to 2011...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#9
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196129/encouraging-understanding-or-increasing-prejudices-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-institutional-influence-on-health-personnel-attitudes-about-refugee-claimants-access-to-health-care
#10
Cécile Rousseau, Youssef Oulhote, Mónica Ruiz-Casares, Janet Cleveland, Christina Greenaway
BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the personal, professional and institutional predictors of health institution personnel's attitudes regarding access to healthcare for refugee claimants in Canada. METHODS: In Montreal, the staff of five hospitals and two primary care centres (n = 1772) completed an online questionnaire documenting demographics, occupation, exposure to refugee claimant patients, and attitudes regarding healthcare access for refugee claimants. We used structural equations modeling to investigate the associations between professional and institutional factors with latent functions of positive and negative attitudes toward refugee's access to healthcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194197/the-sociological-study-of-nurse-physician-professional-relationship-in-iran
#11
Maryam Mehrabi, Ali Madanipour, Shirin Ahmadnia
BACKGROUND: During recent decades, various factors have modified the nurse-physician professional relationship pattern in hospital settings. The present study investigates the typology and dynamics of this relationship as well as the effects of social structures and the actors' agency by considering the gender variable in two professional groups of nurse and physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted in 2009 using a quota sampling method of 100 female nurses and male physicians in four hospitals in Tehran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194126/the-importance-of-team-health-climate-for-health-related-outcomes-of-white-collar-workers
#12
Heiko Schulz, Hannes Zacher, Sonia Lippke
Occupational health researchers and practitioners have mainly focused on the individual and organizational levels, whereas the team level has been largely neglected. In this study, we define team health climate as employees' shared perceptions of the extent to which their team is concerned, cares, and communicates about health issues. Based on climate, signaling, and social exchange theories, we examined a multilevel model of team health climate and its relationships with five well-established health-related outcomes (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194085/association-of-quality-of-life-and-job-stress-in-occupational-workforce-of-india-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-on-software-professionals
#13
Giridhara R Babu, Paulomi M Sudhir, Tanmay Mahapatra, Aritra Das, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Indiresh Anand, Roger Detels
BACKGROUND: There is limited scientific evidence on the relationship of job stress with quality of life (QoL). PURPOSE: This study aims to explore different domains of job stress affecting IT/ITES professionals and estimate the levels of stress that these professionals endure to reach positive levels of QoL given that other determinants operating between these two variables are accounted for. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We estimated levels of stress that software professionals would have endured to reach positive levels of QoL considering that other factors operating between these two variables are accounted for...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192000/job-support-coping-and-control-assessment-of-simultaneous-impacts-within-the-occupational-stress-process
#14
Paula Brough, Suzie Drummond, Amanda Biggs
The assessment of occupational stress is marred by an overwhelming adoption of simplistic research designs that generally fail to represent the complex reality of the occupational stress process. Informed by the theoretical tenants of both the transactional stress model and the job-demands-control-support model, this paper presents a rare simultaneous assessment of how two types of job demands (cognitive and emotional) are both moderated by job control and social support and mediated by coping for the prediction of work engagement and psychological strain over time...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190663/iranian-voice-quality-of-life-profile-ivqlp-factor-analysis
#15
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Ronald C Scherer, Ali Asgari, Payman Dabirmoghadam
OBJECTIVES: An important domain in health-related quality of life evaluations is quality of life perceptions due to having a voice disorder. The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Iranian Voice Quality of Life Profile (IVQLP) based on Exploratory Factor Analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 280 patients (174 males and 106 females) diagnosed with MTD, benign organic disorders such as polyps and nodules, and unilateral vocal fold paralysis and cancer...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187220/the-need-for-social-work-services-in-occupational-medicine
#16
S Moshe, T Cinamon, O Zack, N Segal, G Chodick, A Krakov, M Tal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186530/chronic-interstitial-nephritis-in-agricultural-communities-a-worldwide-epidemic-with-social-occupational-and-environmental-determinants
#17
Channa Jayasumana, Carlos Orantes, Raul Herrera, Miguel Almaguer, Laura Lopez, Luis Carlos Silva, Pedro Ordunez, Sisira Siribaddana, Sarath Gunatilake, Marc E De Broe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183370/factors-associated-with-women-s-health-care-decision-making-autonomy-empirical-evidence-from-nigeria
#18
Pauline Osamor, Christine Grady
Women's decision-making autonomy has been poorly studied in most developing countries. The few existing studies suggest that it is closely linked to women's socio-demographic characteristics and the social settings in which they live. This study examined Nigerian women's perceived decision-making autonomy about their own health care using nationally representative data from the 2013 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. The study sample consisted of 27,135 women aged 15-49 years who lived with their husbands/partners...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182714/individual-employment-and-psychosocial-factors-influencing-walking-to-work-implications-for-intervention-design
#19
Emma J Adams, Dale W Esliger, Ian M Taylor, Lauren B Sherar
BACKGROUND: Promoting walking for the journey to and from work (commuter walking) is a potential strategy for increasing physical activity. Understanding the factors influencing commuter walking is important for identifying target groups and designing effective interventions. This study aimed to examine individual, employment-related and psychosocial factors associated with commuter walking and to discuss the implications for targeting and future design of interventions. METHODS: 1,544 employees completed a baseline survey as part of the 'Walking Works' intervention project (33...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181844/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-transprofessional-healthcare-role-intervention-in-an-acute-medical-setting
#20
Melissa Kaltner, Doug Murtagh, Marguerite Bennetts, Alison Pighills, Julie James, Annette Scott
As demand for health services increases, attention has turned to the development of alternate models of service delivery that maximise efficiency. These include skill sharing models, in which cross-professional skills are delivered by appropriately trained professionals. The usage of skill sharing models is increasing in some professions, but little evidence on efficacy currently exists. This article reports on an intervention of the use of a transprofessional role, which involved delivery of services from a range of health providers, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, speech pathology, podiatry, social work, and psychology, by a trained professional, developed and trialled in the acute medical setting in Toowoomba Hospital, Queensland, Australia...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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