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Occupational socialization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222995/updating-edwin-chadwick-s-seminal-work-on-geographical-inequalities-by-occupation
#1
Mark A Green, Danny Dorling, Richard Mitchell
To honour the 175th anniversary of Edwin Chadwick's seminal 'Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor', we update Chadwick's famous analysis of geographical differences in occupational based inequalities. Much of the field of Health Geography owes both its direction of development and its initial impetus to his 1842 report. The report presented evidence for the importance of local context to health, with individuals of the lowest occupations in Rutland living longer than individuals of the highest occupations in Liverpool...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212415/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-on-cognitive-and-social-functions-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#2
Akihiko Katsumi, Hiroshi Hoshino, Satoshi Fujimoto, Hirooki Yabe, Emi Ikebuchi, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Shin-Ichi Niwa
Individuals with schizophrenia exhibit cognitive impairments, which are related to impairments in social functions. This study investigated the effects of cognitive remediation on cognitive, social, and daily living impairment. Participants were individuals with schizophrenia between 20 and 60 years old (N = 44). Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: a cognitive remediation intervention group and a non-intervention control group. The control group was provided with conventional drug therapy and either day care or occupational therapy...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208865/assessment-of-postnatal-depression-by-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-bangladesh
#3
T Parveen, S Akhter, H H Parveen, F Noor, R K Kazal
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of post partum depression and its associated risk factors among the mothers in their immediate post natal period. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to December 2015. Total 145 post natal mothers were screened for postnatal depression from day 5-7 following caesarean section by the validated Bangla version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208451/-influence-of-occupation-on-cognitive-impairment-with-no-dementia-in-a-sample-population-over-55-years-from-zaragoza
#4
Ana Cristina Gracia-Rebled, Javier Santabárbara, Raul Lopez-Anton, Concepción Tomas, Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Antonio Lobo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of cognitive impairment with no dementia (CIND) varies between 5.1% and 35.9%, increasing between 65 and 85 years. The CIND increases the risk of dementia. Factors such as education, occupation, and social activities are associated with the risk of cognitive impairment. The main objective of this study was to analyse the association between the main occupation developed throughout life and CIND in a general population sample of over 55 years. METHODS: In wave I of the ZARADEMP Project, a sample (n=4803) of people over 55 years was interviewed...
December 2, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207928/occupational-gender-composition-and-mild-to-severe-depression-in-a-swedish-cohort-the-impact-of-psychosocial-work-factors
#5
Anna Nyberg, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber, Anne Hammarström, Töres Theorell
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between occupational gender composition, psychosocial work factors and mild to severe depression in Swedish women and men with various educational backgrounds. METHODS: The study included 5560 participants from two waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals of mild to severe depression in 2014 were estimated for five strata of occupational gender composition with >20-40%, >40-60%, >60-80% and >80-100% women, using 0-20% women as the reference...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205611/return-to-work-intervention-during-cancer-treatment-the-providers-experiences
#6
K S Petersen, A H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt, P R Olsen, C V Nielsen
To explore in-depth understanding of providers' experiences when involved in a return-to-work (RTW) intervention offered during cancer treatment. Semi-structured individual interviews and participant observations at a hospital department and two municipal job centers were carried out, including ten providers (physicians, nurses and social workers). A phenomenological-hermeneutic approach was applied, involving coding, identification of themes and interpretation of findings. Three major themes were identified: Treatment first, Work as an integrated component in cancer rehabilitation, and Challenges in bringing up work issues...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204783/the-impact-of-rehabilitative-interventions-on-quality-of-life-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-of-personal-experiences-of-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#7
REVIEW
Ammarah Y Soofi, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Michelle E Kho, Lori Letts
BACKGROUND: The nature of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is progressive and degenerative, thus influencing individuals physically, emotionally, and socially. A broad review of qualitative studies that describe the personal experiences of people with ALS with physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech and language pathology interventions, and how those affect QoL is warranted. PURPOSE: This study synthesizes qualitative research regarding the potential that rehabilitation interventions have to maintain and/or improve QoL from the perspective of people with ALS...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204574/variables-associated-with-olfactory-disorders-in-adults-a-u-s-population-based-analysis
#8
Julia Noel, Al-Rahim R Habib, Andrew Thamboo, Zara M Patel
Objective: Olfactory dysfunction is known to have significant social, psychological, and safety implications. Despite increasingly recognized prevalence, potential risk factors for olfactory loss have been arbitrarily documented and knowledge is limited in scale. The aim of this study is to identify potential demographic and exposure variables correlating with olfactory dysfunction. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 editions of the National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey was performed...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201122/quasi-experimental-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reliving-migraine-headaches-in-migraine-sufferers
#9
Hosein Ebrahimi Moghadam, Ahoo Karimi, Kimia Seifi
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on relieving migraine headaches in migraine sufferers. Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test method, the samples were outpatients of public hospitals in Ilam City, southwestern Iran since May-Jul 2010. They were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and divided into experimental and control groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195805/-symptomatic-remission-and-its-relationship-to-social-functioning-in-tunisian-out-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
I El Gharbi, M Chhoumi, A Mechri
INTRODUCTION: The concept of symptomatic and functional remission represents an important challenge in the care of the mentally ill, particularly in patients with schizophrenia. Operational criteria for symptomatic remission in schizophrenia have been proposed by Andreasen et al. (2005). Over the last decade, these criteria have been widely validated; however few studies have been conducted outside developed countries. Moreover, the association of symptomatic remission with functional outcome has not yet been established in developing countries including Tunisia, as there may be variability in the social and familial environment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193187/same-level-fall-injuries-in-us-workplaces-by-age-group-gender-and-industry
#11
Kenneth A Scott, Gwenith G Fisher, Anna E Barón, Emile Tompa, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
BACKGROUND: As the workforce ages, occupational injuries from falls on the same level will increase. Some industries may be more affected than others. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to estimate same-level fall injury incidence rates by age group, gender, and industry for four sectors: 1) healthcare and social assistance; 2) manufacturing; 3) retail; and 4) transportation and warehousing. We calculated rate ratios and rate differences by age group and gender...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191407/occupational-outcomes-following-combat-related-gunshot-injury-cohort-study
#12
Matthew D Laughlin, Philip J Belmont, Paul J Lanier, Julia O Bader, Brian R Waterman, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of gun violence on physical function and occupational disability remains poorly explored. We sought to examine the effect of combat-related gunshot injury on work capacity within a cohort of military servicemembers and identify clinical characteristics that influence the capacity to return to work. METHODS: A query was performed to identify all servicemembers injured by gunshot in the years 2005-2009. These soldiers were then followed for a period up to the end of 2014 in order to identify those separated from service due to an inability to perform military duties as a result of their injury...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190866/-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mexico-and-its-relation-with-heavy-metals
#13
Nancy Libertad Chávez-Gómez, Alejandro Cabello-López, Rodrigo Gopar-Nieto, Guadalupe Aguilar-Madrid, Kennia Stephanie Marin-López, Maricruz Aceves-Valdez, Carmina Jiménez-Ramírez, María Cruz-Angulo, Cuauhtémoc Arturo Juárez-Pérez
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem in Mexico, causing 25% of deaths related to diabetes mellitus (DM) and 28% related to hypertensive heart disease. In 2008 CKD reached the highest incidence of end-stage renal disease in the world. Diabetes mellitus is the main risk factor associated with CKD in Mexican population; however, heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury have been associated to nephropathies. In Mexico there are still high levels of these compounds in occupational and environmental settings; therefore, chronic exposures to these metals persist...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190544/the-contribution-of-occupational-factors-on-frailty
#14
REVIEW
Ivo Iavicoli, Veruscka Leso, Matteo Cesari
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a clinical condition characterized by enhanced vulnerability to stressors and increased risk of developing dependency and/or mortality. It has been described as the multidimensional and dynamic condition that cannot be easily disentangled from psychosocial determinants. To date, the possible role of occupational factors on frailty development and its progression at advanced age are not yet fully understood. The aim of this work is to provide a comprehensive overview of existing evidence exploring the relationship between multiple occupational issues (e...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189895/acceptance-and-barriers-to-access-of-occupational-e-mental-health-cross-sectional-findings-from-a-health-risk-population-of-employees
#15
Severin Hennemann, Michael Witthöft, Matthias Bethge, Katja Spanier, Manfred E Beutel, Rüdiger Zwerenz
PURPOSE: Occupational e-mental-health (OEMH) may extend existing instruments for preservation or restoration of health and work ability. As a key precondition to efficient implementation, this study examined acceptance and person-centered barriers to potential uptake of OEMH for work-related distress in employees with an elevated risk of early retirement. METHODS: Within the framework of the "Third German Sociomedical Panel of Employees", 1829 employees with prior sickness absence payments filled out a self-administered questionnaire...
November 30, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189469/social-relations-at-work-and-incident-dementia-29-years-follow-up-of-the-copenhagen-male-study
#16
Kazi Ishtiak-Ahmed, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Finn Gyntelberg, Thien Kieu Thi Phung, Rikke Lund, Naja Hulvej Rod, Eva Prescott, Gunhild Waldemar, Rudi Westendorp, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether social relations at work were associated with incident dementia in old age. METHODS: One thousand five hundred seventy-two occupationally active men from the Copenhagen Male Study Cohort were followed from 1986 to 2014. Participants underwent a clinical examination at baseline and answered questionnaires on whether they (1) had possibilities to be in contact with coworkers, (2) could get along with coworkers, and (3) were satisfied with supervisor...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186918/depressive-symptom-and-related-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-korean-female-workers-working-at-traditional-markets
#17
Won Ju Hwang, Jin Ah Kim, Sally H Rankin
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the psychiatric diseases with a high prevalence rate, globally, and reportedly more prevalent among women than among men. Especially, women workers working at traditional markets are in depressive conditions without occupational health services. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors having a significant effect on the depressive symptoms of women workers at traditional markets in South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used and subjects for the present study were 500 female workers in three selected representative traditional marketplaces in South Korea...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186460/understanding-the-relation-between-socioeconomic-position-and-inflammation-in-post-menopausal-women-education-income-and-occupational-prestige
#18
Jolene Masters Pedersen, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Anneclaire De Roos, Lorena Garcia, Rikke Lund, Naja Hulvej Rod, Candyce Kroenke, Kei Hang Katie Chan, Simin Liu, Yvonne Michael
Background: The role of occupational prestige, a direct measure of the perceived status of job and job holder, in inflammation is unknown. To contribute to understanding the pathways by which socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with inflammation, we aimed to estimate the direct effects of education, income and occupational prestige on C-reactive protein (CRP) and to describe the relationship between these markers and CRP. Methods: The study was based on 2026 post-menopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186169/epidemiology-of-severe-mental-illness-in-hunan-province-in-central-china-during-2014-2015-a-multistage-cross-sectional-study
#19
Dongxin Wang, Jing Ma, Lihong Tan, Yan Chen, Xiaosong Li, Xuefei Tian, Xuhui Zhou, Xuejun Liu
OBJECTIVE: Severe mental illness (SMI) represents major social and public health problem in China, especially in low- or middle-income regions. We aim to assess the prevalence and distribution of SMI in Hunan province in central China. METHODS: Multistage stratified random sampling methods were used to select qualified subjects in 123 districts and counties in Hunan province. 89465 individuals were randomly identified, and 72999 (81.6%) completed the supplemental 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Cue questionnaire of psychiatric abnormal behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185622/milk-consumption-in-infants-under-one-year-of-age-and-variables-associated-with-non-maternal-milk-consumption
#20
Paula Chuproski Saldan, Sonia Isoyama Venancio, Silvia Regina Dias Medici Saldiva, Daniele Gonçalves Vieira, Débora Falleiros de Mello
OBJECTIVE: To verify the type of milk consumed by children under one year of age and identify variables associated with non-maternal milk consumption (formula or cow milk). METHODS: Cross-sectional study developed during the 2012 National Vaccination Campaign against Poliomyelitis. The companions of 935 children under one year of age answered a structured questionnaire on the child's diet in the last 24 hours. The estimates are presented by points, with 95%CI. F-statistics were used to check for differences in the proportion of the types of milk consumption according to the children's age range (<6 months and 6-11 months) and the association between non-maternal milk consumption and the study variables...
October 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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