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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792230/community-health-worker-support-to-improve-hiv-treatment-outcomes-for-older-children-and-adolescents-in-zimbabwe-a-process-evaluation-of-the-zenith-trial
#1
Chido Dziva Chikwari, Victoria Simms, Joanna Busza, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Prosper Chonzi, Shungu Munyati, Hilda Mujuru, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW)-delivered support visits to children living with HIV and their caregivers significantly reduced odds of virological failure among the children in the ZENITH trial conducted in Zimbabwe. We conducted a process evaluation to assess fidelity, acceptability, and feasibility of this intervention to identify lessons that could inform replication and scale-up of this approach. METHODS: Field manuals kept by each CHW, records from monthly supervisory meetings, and participant data collected throughout the trial were used to assess the intervention's implementation...
May 23, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781619/optically-detected-magnetic-resonance-of-the-chlorophyll-triplet-state-in-the-water-soluble-chlorophyll-protein-from-lepidium-virginicum-evidence-for-excitonic-interaction-among-the-four-pigments
#2
Alessandro Agostini, Daniel M Palm, Harald Paulsen, Donatella Carbonera
Optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) of triplet states populated by photoexcitation in the Water-Soluble Chlorophyll Protein (WSCP) from Lepidium virginicum has been performed, using both absorption and fluorescence detection. Well resolved Triplet minus Singlet (T-S) spectra have been obtained, which have been interpreted in terms of electronic interactions among the four chlorophylls (Chls) forming two dimers in WSCP tetramer. Localization of the triplet state on a single Chl leads to a redistribution of the oscillator strenght in the remaining three Chls of the complex...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565151/-protein-intake-serum-lipids-and-muscle-strenght-in-the-elderly
#3
Norma Amador-Licona, Evelin Valeria Moreno-Vargas, Claudia Martinez-Cordero
INTRODUCTION: The daily protein recommendation for adults is 0.8 g/kg/day; however, several studies argue that an intake of 1.0-1.5 g protein/kg/day could benefit the health of the elderly. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the protein intake and serum lipid levels in elderly patients with hip fracture, determining their correlation with the grip strength in both hands. METHODS: The study included 47 adult patients aged 65-85 years hospitalized for recent hip fracture...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497835/strong-among-population-variation-in-frugivory-strength-by-functional-diverse-frugivores-a-reciprocal-translocation-experiment
#4
Pedro J Garrote, Gemma Calvo, Magdalena Żywiec, Miguel Delibes, Alberto Suárez-Esteban, José M Fedriani
Fruit-frugivore interactions are critical for the dynamics and evolution of many plant communities. The strength of the interactions between a given plant species and different frugivore guilds (e.g., seed dispersers, seed predators) often vary in space due to changes in plant extrinsic factors (e.g., frugivore abundances) and plant traits (e.g., fruit size and reward). By reciprocally translocating Pyrus bourgaeana ripe fruits representative of five Mediterranean localities during 2 consecutive years, we experimentally quantified guild-specific variations among populations in frugivory strength, while accounted for plant-intrinsic and- extrinsic factors...
May 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199490/the-role-of-electroencephalogram-in-neonatal-seizure-detection
#5
Francesco Pisani, Elena Pavlidis
The role of EEG in neonatal seizure detection is well-established, being the multichannel video-EEG the gold standard. However, in the clinical practice often amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is used, in order to overcome the difficulties related to EEG use. Areas covered: An overview regarding neonatal seizures, current tools used to detect these (multichannel EEG versus aEEG) with respective strenghts and limitations, and some tools that can implement the use of multichannel EEG in the NICU. Expert commentary: Multichannel video-EEG is still a gold standard for seizure detection...
February 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977111/is-a-safety-guidewire-needed-for-retrograde-ureteroscopy
#6
REVIEW
Wilson Rica Molina, Rodrigo R Pessoa, Rodrigo Donalísio da Silva, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Alex Meller
INTRODUCTION: It is generally advised to have a safety guidewire (SGW) present during ureteroscopy (URS) to manage possible complications. However, it increases the strenght needed to insert and retract the endoscope during the procedure, and, currently, there is a lack of solid data supporting the need for SGW in all procedures. We reviewed the literature about SGW utilization during URS. METHOD: A review of the literature was conducted through April 2017 using PubMed, Ovid, and The Cochrane Library databases to identify relevant studies...
August 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933139/from-art-to-science-the-functional-damage-due-to-thumb-osteoarthritis-finely-described-by-velazquez-300-years-before-its-clinical-description
#7
J H Villafañe, R Cantero-Tellez, S Negrini, P Berjano
Velazquez showed to know the entity of thumb osteoarthritis by finely describing it in one of his paintings. The concepts of anatomical damage, loss of strenght, and functional impairment are transmitted to the observer.
September 21, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699654/health-promotion-in-specialist-and-community-care-how-a-broadly-applicable-health-promotion-intervention-influences-patient-s-sense-of-coherence
#8
Kristin Heggdal, Beate Jelstad Lovaas
BACKGROUND: Chronic illness health interventions aim to strengthen individuals' wellness resources, in addition to their ability to handle their condition. This presupposes a partnership between patients and professionals and flexibility in care organization. AIM: This study aims to investigate possible changes in individuals' sense of coherence while living with long-term illness as they engage in a broadly applicable health promotion intervention developed in specialist care settings that was later implemented in the community care context...
July 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528530/evaluation-of-ratite-skinning-force-in-order-to-fix-plant-and-mechanical-solutions
#9
Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527348/the-thermal-neutron-facility-hotnes-theoretical-design
#10
R Bedogni, A Pietropaolo, J M Gomez-Ros
HOTNES (HOmogeneous Thermal NEutron Source) is a thermal neutron irradiation facility with extended and very uniform irradiation area. A241 Am-B radionuclide neutron source with nominal strenght 3.5×106 s-1 is located on bottom of a large cylindrical cavity (30cm diameter, 70cm in height) delimited by polyethylene walls. The upper part of this volume (30cm diameter, 40cm in height) is used to irradiate samples. A polyethylene cylinder, acting as shadowing object, prevents fast neutrons to directly reach the irradiation volume...
September 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048560/tu-h-campus-jep1-04-deformable-image-registration-performances-in-pelvis-patients-impact-of-cbct-image-quality
#11
M Fusella, G Loi, C Fiandra, E Lanzi
PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy and robustness, against image noise and artifacts (typical of CBCT images), of a commercial algorithm for deformable image registration (DIR), to propagate regions of interest (ROIs) in computational phantoms based on real prostate patient images. METHODS: The Anaconda DIR algorithm, implemented in RayStation was tested. Two specific Deformation Vector Fields (DVFs) were applied to the reference data set (CTref) using the ImSimQA software, obtaining two deformed CTs...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683637/thromboelastographic-reference-ranges-for-a-cirrhotic-patient-population-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#12
Lesley De Pietri, Marcello Bianchini, Gianluca Rompianesi, Elisabetta Bertellini, Bruno Begliomini
AIM: To describe the thromboelastography (TEG) "reference" values within a population of liver transplant (LT) candidates that underline the differences from healthy patients. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, 261 liver transplant patients with a model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score between 15 and 40 were studied. In particular the adult patients (aged 18-70 years) underwent to a first LT with a MELD score between 15 and 40 were included, while all patients with acute liver failure, congenital bleeding disorders, and anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet drug use were excluded...
September 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591575/sustained-release-profile-of-quatro-stimuli-nanocontainers-as-a-multi-sensitive-vehicle-exploiting-cancer-characteristics
#13
Christos Tapeinos, Eleni K Efthimiadou, Nikos Boukos, George Kordas
A versatile drug delivery carrier that responds to external stimuli was synthesized via the emulsion polymerization process. This simple two-step process was carried out by using Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) as a soft template and a series of monomers, with desired properties, as coating monomers. It is noteworthy that during shell fabrication (2nd step) an inner cavity is created inside the nanocontainers that can be used as a host for small drug molecules. The thermo-, pH- and redox sensitive monomers used in the coating procedure were Dimethyl Amino Ethyl Methacrylate (DMAEMA), Acrylic Acid (AA) and N,N'-(disulfanediylbis(ethane-2,1-diyl))bis(2-methylacrylamide) (Disulfide or DS), respectively...
December 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569350/vitamin-d-dependent-chromatin-association-of-ctcf-in-human-monocytes
#14
Antonio Neme, Sabine Seuter, Carsten Carlberg
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a transcription factor being involved in 3D chromatin organization and displays a highly conserved genome-wide binding pattern. In this study, we report the cistrome of CTCF in THP-1 human monocytes and confirm that from the 40,078 CTCF binding sites nearly 85% are identical with those found in K562 monocytes. Quadruplicate chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) demonstrated that at 2130 loci the association strenght of CTCF with genomic DNA was significantly (p<0...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373767/microbial-biotechnology-for-the-synthesis-of-pro-vitamins-biopigments-and-antioxidants-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
REVIEW
Jose L Revuelta, Ruben M Buey, Rodrigo Ledesma-Amaro, Erick J Vandamme
Vitamins and related compounds, such as provitamins, biopigments and antioxidants, belong to those few chemicals that appeal in a positive way to most people. These terms sound synonymous to vitality, good health and mental strenght, even to the layman. Everyone of us needs his/her daily intake of (pro)vitamins and antioxidants, normally provided by a balanced and varied diet. However, current food habits or preferences, food availabilities, as well as food processing, preservation or cooking methodologies and technologies, do not always assure a sufficient balanced natural daily (pro)vitamin supply to a healthy individual, and even more so for a stressed or sick human being...
September 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191749/comparison-of-the-early-period-effects-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma-on-the-achilles-tendon-ruptures-in-rats
#16
Serdar Yuksel, M Akif Guleç, M Zeki Gultekin, Oktay Adanır, Aysel Caglar, Ozan Beytemur, B Onur Küçükyıldırım, Ali Avcı, Cansu Subaşı, Çiğdem İnci, Erdal Karaoz
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to histopathologically, biomechanically, and immunohistochemically compare the fourth-week efficiencies of local platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (rBM-MSC) treatments of the Achilles tendon ruptures created surgically in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 35 12-month-old male Sprague Dawley rats, with an average weight of 400-500 g. Five rats were used as donors for MSC and PRP, and 30 rats were separated into MSC, PRP, and control groups (n = 10)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174071/the-role-of-arthroscopy-in-the-treatment-of-groin-pain-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-our-experience
#17
Mattia Filanti, Chiara Carubbi, Nicolandrea Del Piccolo, Nicola Rani, Alessandro Mazzotta, Dante Dallari
AIM: The purpose of the study was to present our arthroscopic surgical technique and the results in patient with pain after a hip replacement. METHODS: Between November 2009 and September 2011, 35 patients with groin pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) were treated arthroscopically. The patients underwent a preoperative examination consisting in careful history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, diagnostic evaluation using x-rays and pelvis CT scans...
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163899/evaluation-of-strength-muscle-recovery-with-isokinetic-squat-jump-and-stiffness-tests-in-athletes-with-acl-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#18
Marco Jacopetti, Andrea Pasquini, Cosimo Costantino
BackgroundThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture accounting for about 50% of all knee ligament injuries. The rehabilitation program requires a long time to rebuild muscle strength and to reestablish joint mobility and neuromuscular control. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the muscle strength recovery in athletes with ACL reconstruction. MethodsWe enrolled soccer atlethes, with isolated anterior cruciate ligament rupture treated with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft artroscopic reconstruction...
May 6, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057144/functional-outcomes-of-proximal-row-carpectomy-2-year-follow-up
#19
Luiz Garcia Mandarano-Filho, Débora Schalge Campioto, Márcio Takey Bezuti, Nilton Mazzer, Cláudio Henrique Barbieri
OBJECTIVE: : To evaluate functional outcomes of patients submit-ted to proximal row carpectomy for the treatment of wrist arthri-tis. METHODS: : This is a retrospective study using wrist motion and grip strenght of patients diagnosed with Kienböck disease and scaphoid non-union surgically treated by this technique. RESULTS: : Eleven patients with 2-year follow-up were evaluated. Wrist motion (flexion, extension and ulnar deviation) and grip strength were significantly better from preoperative values...
November 2015: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957282/a-novel-phospholipid-delivery-system-of-curcumin-meriva%C3%A2-preserves-muscular-mass-in-healthy-aging-subjects
#20
F Franceschi, B Feregalli, S Togni, U Cornelli, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner, G Belcaro
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is known to interrupt pro-inflammatory signalling and increases anti-oxidant protection, thus inhibiting the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the expression and function of inducible inflammatory enzymes. Together, these effects contribute to limit the onset and the progression of sarcopenia, due to the major role played by inflammation in the pathophysiology of this disease. This registry study evaluates the effects of Meriva® supplementation in otherwise healthy elderly subjects...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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