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Francesco Pisani, Elena Pavlidis
The role of EEG in neonatal seizure detection is well-established, being the multichannel video-EEG the gold standard. However, in the clinical practice often amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) is used, in order to overcome the difficulties related to EEG use. Areas covered: An overview regarding neonatal seizures, current tools used to detect these (multichannel EEG versus aEEG) with respective strenghts and limitations, and some tools that can implement the use of multichannel EEG in the NICU. Expert commentary: Multichannel video-EEG is still a gold standard for seizure detection...
February 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Wilson Rica Molina, Rodrigo R Pessoa, Rodrigo Donalísio da Silva, Diedra Gustafson, Leticia Nogueira, Alex Meller
INTRODUCTION: It is generally advised to have a safety guidewire (SGW) present during ureteroscopy (URS) to manage possible complications. However, it increases the strenght needed to insert and retract the endoscope during the procedure, and, currently, there is a lack of solid data supporting the need for SGW in all procedures. We reviewed the literature about SGW utilization during URS. METHOD: A review of the literature was conducted through April 2017 using PubMed, Ovid, and The Cochrane Library databases to identify relevant studies...
August 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
J H Villafañe, R Cantero-Tellez, S Negrini, P Berjano
Velazquez showed to know the entity of thumb osteoarthritis by finely describing it in one of his paintings. The concepts of anatomical damage, loss of strenght, and functional impairment are transmitted to the observer.
September 21, 2017: Reumatismo
Kristin Heggdal, Beate Jelstad Lovaas
BACKGROUND: Chronic illness health interventions aim to strengthen individuals' wellness resources, in addition to their ability to handle their condition. This presupposes a partnership between patients and professionals and flexibility in care organization. AIM: This study aims to investigate possible changes in individuals' sense of coherence while living with long-term illness as they engage in a broadly applicable health promotion intervention developed in specialist care settings that was later implemented in the community care context...
July 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
R Bedogni, A Pietropaolo, J M Gomez-Ros
HOTNES (HOmogeneous Thermal NEutron Source) is a thermal neutron irradiation facility with extended and very uniform irradiation area. A (241)Am-B radionuclide neutron source with nominal strenght 3.5×10(6) s(-1) is located on bottom of a large cylindrical cavity (30cm diameter, 70cm in height) delimited by polyethylene walls. The upper part of this volume (30cm diameter, 40cm in height) is used to irradiate samples. A polyethylene cylinder, acting as shadowing object, prevents fast neutrons to directly reach the irradiation volume...
May 4, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
M Fusella, G Loi, C Fiandra, E Lanzi
PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy and robustness, against image noise and artifacts (typical of CBCT images), of a commercial algorithm for deformable image registration (DIR), to propagate regions of interest (ROIs) in computational phantoms based on real prostate patient images. METHODS: The Anaconda DIR algorithm, implemented in RayStation was tested. Two specific Deformation Vector Fields (DVFs) were applied to the reference data set (CTref) using the ImSimQA software, obtaining two deformed CTs...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Lesley De Pietri, Marcello Bianchini, Gianluca Rompianesi, Elisabetta Bertellini, Bruno Begliomini
AIM: To describe the thromboelastography (TEG) "reference" values within a population of liver transplant (LT) candidates that underline the differences from healthy patients. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, 261 liver transplant patients with a model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score between 15 and 40 were studied. In particular the adult patients (aged 18-70 years) underwent to a first LT with a MELD score between 15 and 40 were included, while all patients with acute liver failure, congenital bleeding disorders, and anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet drug use were excluded...
September 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
Christos Tapeinos, Eleni K Efthimiadou, Nikos Boukos, George Kordas
A versatile drug delivery carrier that responds to external stimuli was synthesized via the emulsion polymerization process. This simple two-step process was carried out by using Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) as a soft template and a series of monomers, with desired properties, as coating monomers. It is noteworthy that during shell fabrication (2nd step) an inner cavity is created inside the nanocontainers that can be used as a host for small drug molecules. The thermo-, pH- and redox sensitive monomers used in the coating procedure were Dimethyl Amino Ethyl Methacrylate (DMAEMA), Acrylic Acid (AA) and N,N'-(disulfanediylbis(ethane-2,1-diyl))bis(2-methylacrylamide) (Disulfide or DS), respectively...
December 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Antonio Neme, Sabine Seuter, Carsten Carlberg
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a transcription factor being involved in 3D chromatin organization and displays a highly conserved genome-wide binding pattern. In this study, we report the cistrome of CTCF in THP-1 human monocytes and confirm that from the 40,078 CTCF binding sites nearly 85% are identical with those found in K562 monocytes. Quadruplicate chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) demonstrated that at 2130 loci the association strenght of CTCF with genomic DNA was significantly (p<0...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jose L Revuelta, Ruben M Buey, Rodrigo Ledesma-Amaro, Erick J Vandamme
Vitamins and related compounds, such as provitamins, biopigments and antioxidants, belong to those few chemicals that appeal in a positive way to most people. These terms sound synonymous to vitality, good health and mental strenght, even to the layman. Everyone of us needs his/her daily intake of (pro)vitamins and antioxidants, normally provided by a balanced and varied diet. However, current food habits or preferences, food availabilities, as well as food processing, preservation or cooking methodologies and technologies, do not always assure a sufficient balanced natural daily (pro)vitamin supply to a healthy individual, and even more so for a stressed or sick human being...
September 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
Serdar Yuksel, M Akif Guleç, M Zeki Gultekin, Oktay Adanır, Aysel Caglar, Ozan Beytemur, B Onur Küçükyıldırım, Ali Avcı, Cansu Subaşı, Çiğdem İnci, Erdal Karaoz
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to histopathologically, biomechanically, and immunohistochemically compare the fourth-week efficiencies of local platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (rBM-MSC) treatments of the Achilles tendon ruptures created surgically in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 35 12-month-old male Sprague Dawley rats, with an average weight of 400-500 g. Five rats were used as donors for MSC and PRP, and 30 rats were separated into MSC, PRP, and control groups (n = 10)...
September 2016: Connective Tissue Research
Mattia Filanti, Chiara Carubbi, Nicolandrea Del Piccolo, Nicola Rani, Alessandro Mazzotta, Dante Dallari
AIM: The purpose of the study was to present our arthroscopic surgical technique and the results in patient with pain after a hip replacement. METHODS: Between November 2009 and September 2011, 35 patients with groin pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) were treated arthroscopically. The patients underwent a preoperative examination consisting in careful history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, diagnostic evaluation using x-rays and pelvis CT scans...
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Marco Jacopetti, Andrea Pasquini, Cosimo Costantino
BackgroundThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture accounting for about 50% of all knee ligament injuries. The rehabilitation program requires a long time to rebuild muscle strength and to reestablish joint mobility and neuromuscular control. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the muscle strength recovery in athletes with ACL reconstruction. MethodsWe enrolled soccer atlethes, with isolated anterior cruciate ligament rupture treated with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft artroscopic reconstruction...
May 6, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Luiz Garcia Mandarano-Filho, Débora Schalge Campioto, Márcio Takey Bezuti, Nilton Mazzer, Cláudio Henrique Barbieri
OBJECTIVE: : To evaluate functional outcomes of patients submit-ted to proximal row carpectomy for the treatment of wrist arthri-tis. METHODS: : This is a retrospective study using wrist motion and grip strenght of patients diagnosed with Kienböck disease and scaphoid non-union surgically treated by this technique. RESULTS: : Eleven patients with 2-year follow-up were evaluated. Wrist motion (flexion, extension and ulnar deviation) and grip strength were significantly better from preoperative values...
November 2015: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
F Franceschi, B Feregalli, S Togni, U Cornelli, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner, G Belcaro
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is known to interrupt pro-inflammatory signalling and increases anti-oxidant protection, thus inhibiting the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the expression and function of inducible inflammatory enzymes. Together, these effects contribute to limit the onset and the progression of sarcopenia, due to the major role played by inflammation in the pathophysiology of this disease. This registry study evaluates the effects of Meriva® supplementation in otherwise healthy elderly subjects...
2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Daniel Antonio De Luis, Olatz Izaola, Pablo Bachiller, Jose Perez Castrillon
AIM: the aim of our study was to investigate the effect on strenght and quality of life of an enhanced specific enteral formula with HMBD and vitamin D in elderly patients. METHODS: we conducted an open-label study. General assessment of nutritional status included measurements of body weight, height, body mass index (kg/m2) and bioimpedance. Handgrrip strength was measured by dynamometry. QOL (quality of life) was assessed using the well validated SF 36 questonnaire...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Lajos Simon, Emese Kovács
The present review focuses on the generally accepted and applied community psychiatry based models of psycho-social rehabilitation. The basics of the Strenghts model and the Recovery based model are introduced in this paper. Both models can be assisted by art therapy in various ways. The forms and the therapeutic factors of art therapy are also discussed, as well as the effects of the creating experience during the art therapy sessions. The authors introduce the good practice of the Moravcsik Foundation with highlights in two special areas that are beyond the generally applied art therapy work and representing important support in reaching the goals set during the rehabilitation process...
2015: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Anthony M-H Ho, John B Holcomb, Calvin S H Ng, Jorge E Zamora, Manoj K Karmakar, Peter W Dion
Traditional transfusion guidelines suggest that fresh frozen plasma (FFP) should be given based on laboratory or clinical evidence of coagulopathy or acute loss of 1 blood volume. This approach tends to result in a significant lag time between the first units of erythrocytes and FFP in trauma requiring massive transfusion. In severe trauma, observational studies have found an association between increased survival and aggressive use of FFP and platelets such that FFP:platelet:erythrocyte ratio approaches 1:1:1 to 2 from the first units of erythrocytes given...
October 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Maria Taberner-Vallverdú, Mariam Nazir, M Ángeles Sánchez-Garcés, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Dry socket is one of the most common complications occurring after the extraction of a permanent tooth, but in spite of its high incidence there is not an established treatment for this condition. OBJECTIVES: Analyze the efficacy of different methods used in the management of dry socket regarding results of pain's relief and alveolar mucosa healing compared to conventional surgical treatment of curettage and saline irrigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Cochrane and PubMed-MEDLINE database search was conducted with the search terms "dry socket", "post-extraction complications", "alvogyl", "alveolar osteitis" and "fibrynolitic alveolitis", individually and next, using the Boolean operator "AND"...
September 1, 2015: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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