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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455695/the-empirical-support-for-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maria Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Lars-Göran Öst
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have become widely used for common mental disorders (CMDs) but the state of the evidence has not been sufficiently investigated. The aims for this study were: (1) to quantify the effect size of MBIs for CMDs in the acute phase; (2) to explore moderator variables; and (3) to evaluate the evidence status of MBIs for the CMDs it has been tried for. A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted. RCTs that evaluated MBI and included patients with a primary manifest CMD was included...
February 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453581/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-born-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#2
Elin Öst, Björn Frenckner, Margret Nisell, Carmen Mesas Burgos, Maria Öjmyr-Joelsson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Between 1993 and 2003, a total of 102 children born with CDH were treated at Astrid Lindgren Children's hospital in Stockholm. In 2012, long-term survivors (n = 77) were asked to participate in the present study, which resulted in a 46% (n = 35) response rate. The KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire was used for measuring HRQoL and a detailed review of medical records was performed...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450210/sofosbuvir-based-direct-acting-antiviral-therapies-for-hcv-in-people-receiving-opioid-substitution-therapy-an-analysis-of-phase-3-studies
#3
Jason Grebely, Jordan J Feld, David Wyles, Mark Sulkowski, Liyun Ni, Joe Llewellyn, Heshaam M Mir, Nika Sajed, Luisa M Stamm, Robert H Hyland, John McNally, Diana M Brainard, Ira Jacobson, Stefan Zeuzem, Marc Bourlière, Graham Foster, Nezam Afdhal, Gregory J Dore
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) direct-acting antiviral therapy is effective among people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST), but studies are limited by small numbers of nongenotype 1 (GT1) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment completion, adherence, SVR12, and safety of sofosbuvir-based therapies in HCV patients receiving and not receiving OST. Methods: Ten phase 3 studies of sofosbuvir-based regimens included ION (ledipasvir/sofosbuvir ± ribavirin for 8, 12, or 24 weeks in GT1), ASTRAL (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir for 12 weeks in GT1-6), and POLARIS (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir in GT1-6)...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433707/flexible-bronchoscopy
#4
REVIEW
Russell J Miller, Roberto F Casal, Donald R Lazarus, David E Ost, George A Eapen
Flexible bronchoscopy has changed the course of pulmonary medicine. As technology advances, the role of the flexible bronchoscope for both diagnostic and therapeutic indications is continually expanding. This article reviews the historical development of the flexible bronchoscopy, fundamental uses of the flexible bronchoscope as a tool to examine the central airways and obtain diagnostic tissue, and the indications, complications, and contraindications to flexible bronchoscopy.
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431193/circulating-tumor-cells-and-survival-in-abiraterone-and-enzalutamide-treated-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#5
Bram De Laere, Steffi Oeyen, Peter Van Oyen, Christophe Ghysel, Jozef Ampe, Piet Ost, Wim Demey, Lucien Hoekx, Dirk Schrijvers, Barbara Brouwers, Willem Lybaert, Els Everaert, Piet Van Kerckhove, Daan De Maeseneer, Michiel Strijbos, Alain Bols, Karen Fransis, Nick Beije, Inge de Kruijff, Valerie van Dam, Anja Brouwer, Pieter-Jan van Dam, Gert Van den Eynden, Annemie Rutten, Stefan Sleijfer, Jean Vandebroek, Steven Van Laere, Luc Dirix
BACKGROUND: The outcome to treatment administered to patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) greatly differs between individuals, underlining the need for biomarkers guiding treatment decision making. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of circulating tumor cell (CTC) enumeration and dynamics, in the context of second-line endocrine therapies (ie, abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide), irrespective of prior systemic therapies...
February 12, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421922/pediatric-ureteroscopy
#6
Patrick Fox, Michael C Ost
In recent years, the incidence of nephrolithiasis in the pediatric population appears to be increasing.1 This has placed a new emphasis on surgical management of stones in children. In the past, extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) was the preferred management technique for stones in children.2 More recently, though, advances in endoscopy have allowed ureteroscopy to be adapted to the pediatric population and this approach has become more frequently utilized not just for lower ureteral calculi but also for proximal ureteral and renal stones...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420067/organic-solute-transporter-ost%C3%AE-%C3%A3-is-over-expressed-in-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-modulated-by-drugs-associated-with-liver-injury
#7
Melina Miia Malinen, Izna Ali, Jacqueline Bezençon, James John Beaudoin, Kim L R Brouwer
The heteromeric steroid transporter, organic solute transporter alpha/beta (OSTα/β; SLC51), was discovered over a decade ago, but its physiological significance in the liver is still uncertain. A major challenge has been the lack of suitable models expressing OSTα/β. Based on observations first reported herein that hepatic OSTα/β is upregulated in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the aim of this research was to develop an in vitro model to evaluate OSTα/β function and interaction with drugs and bile acids...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412486/chromosomal-inversions-promote-genomic-islands-of-concerted-evolution-of-hsp70-genes-in-the-drosophila-subobscura-species-subgroup
#8
Marta Puig Giribets, María Pilar García Guerreiro, Mauro Santos, Francisco J Ayala, Rosa Tarrío, Francisco Rodríguez-Trelles
Heat-shock (HS) assays to understand the connection between standing inversion variation and evolutionary response to climate change in D. subobscura found that "warm-climate" inversion O3+4 exhibits non-HS levels of Hsp70 protein like those of "cold-climate" OST after HS induction. This was unexpected, as overexpression of Hsp70 can incur multiple fitness costs. To understand the genetic basis of this finding, we have determined the genomic sequence organization of the Hsp70 family in four different inversions, including OST , O3+4 , O3+4+8 and O3+4+16 , using as outgroups the remainder of the subobscura species subgroup, namely D...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402993/partial-involvement-of-nrf2-in-skeletal-muscle-mitohormesis-as-an-adaptive-response-to-mitochondrial-uncoupling
#9
Verena Coleman, Piangkwan Sa-Nguanmoo, Jeannette Koenig, Tim J Schulz, Tilman Grune, Susanne Klaus, Anna P Kipp, Mario Ost
Mitochondrial dysfunction is usually associated with various metabolic disorders and ageing. However, salutary effects in response to mild mitochondrial perturbations have been reported in multiple organisms, whereas molecular regulators of cell-autonomous stress responses remain elusive. We addressed this question by asking whether the nuclear factor erythroid-derived-like 2 (Nrf2), a transcription factor and master regulator of cellular redox status is involved in adaptive physiological responses including muscle mitohormesis...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393373/mirna%C3%A2-27a-regulates-arthritis-via-ppar%C3%AE-in%C3%A2-vivo-and-in%C3%A2-vitro
#10
Yu Xiao, Bing Li, Jun Liu
The present study investigated the role of microRNA (miR)‑27a in the development of arthritis and its mechanism of action. Initially, collagen was used to develop an in vivo rat model of arthritis. Changes in the miRs in the rats were analyzed. It was subsequently observed that miR‑27a expression was reduced in patients with arthritis, compared with the control group. In the present study an in vitro miR‑27a overexpression model of arthritis was established and it was observed that miR‑27a increased the proliferation of osteoblast‑like cells in vitro...
January 31, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392323/association-between-ocular-surface-temperature-and-tear-film-stability-in-soft-contact-lens-wearers
#11
Takashi Itokawa, Yukinobu Okajima, Takashi Suzuki, Koji Kakisu, Hiroko Iwashita, Yoshitaka Murakami, Yuichi Hori
Purpose: To investigate the correlation between the changes in the ocular surface temperature (OST) and tear film stability over soft contact lenses (SCLs). Methods: We enrolled 20 eyes of 20 normal SCL wearers (20 men; 24.4 ± 4.1 years). We used four different daily disposable SCLs: one silicone hydrogel lens (delefilcon A) and three hydrogel lenses (etafilcon A with polyvinylpyrrolidone [PVP], etafilcon A, and polymacon). OST was measured every second during 10 seconds without blinking...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385899/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf1-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-relation-to-disease-activity-organ-damage-and-immunological-findings
#12
J Waldron, W Raymond, G Ostli-Eilertsen, J Nossent
Background Insulin growth factor-1 (IGF1) activates cell proliferation pathways and inhibits apoptosis. IGF1 is involved in tumour growth and required for T-cell independent activation of B cells. Activated B cells and autoantibody production are a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To investigate the possible role of IGF1 in SLE, we studied IGF1 across clinical characteristics, immunological biomarkers, disease activity and organ damage in SLE patients. Method In a cross-sectional study, we collected clinical characteristics, medication, disease activity (SLEDAI-2K) and organ damage (SDI) for 94 SLE patients...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380722/sickness-absence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-psychological-treatments-for-individuals-on-sick-leave-due-to-common-mental-disorders
#13
Sigrid Salomonsson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Lars-Göran Öst
Sick leave due to common mental disorders (CMDs) increase rapidly and present a major societal challenge. The overall effect of psychological interventions to reduce sick leave and symptoms has not been sufficiently investigated and there is a need for a systematic review and meta-analysis of the field. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to calculate the effect size of psychological interventions for CMDs on sick leave and psychiatric symptoms based on all published randomized controlled trials. Methodological quality, the risk of bias and publication bias were also assessed...
January 30, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368662/treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-opioid-use-disorder-initiated-by-prescription-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Nitika Sanger, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Stephanie Sanger, Hamnah Shahid, Bianca Bantoto, M Constantine Samaan, Russell de Souza, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: In North America, opioid use has become a public health crisis with policy makers declaring it a state of emergency. Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is a harm-reduction method used in treating opioid use disorder. While OST has shown to be successful in improving treatment outcomes, there is still a great degree of variability among patients. This cohort of patients has shifted from young males using heroin to a greater number of older people and women using prescription opioids...
January 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366632/prognostic-and-therapeutic-implications-of-circulating-androgen-receptor-gene-copy-number-in-prostate-cancer-patients-using-droplet-digital-polymerase-chain-reaction
#15
Sarah Buelens, Tom Claeys, Bert Dhondt, Filip Poelaert, Matthijs Vynck, Nurten Yigit, Olivier Thas, Piet Ost, Jo Vandesompele, Nicolaas Lumen, Candy Kumps
BACKGROUND: Resistance mechanisms in the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway remain key drivers in the progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and relapse under antihormonal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the circulating AR gene copy number (CN) gain using droplet digital polymerase chain reaction in 21 control and 91 prostate cancer serum samples and its prognostic and therapeutic implications in prostate cancer. RESULTS: In CRPC, AR CN gain was associated with faster progression to CRPC (P = ...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359361/direct-acting-antiviral-treatment-of-chronic-hcv-infected-patients-on-opioid-substitution-therapy-still-a-concern-in-clinical-practice
#16
Stefan Christensen, Peter Buggisch, Stefan Mauss, Klaus H W Böker, Eckart Schott, Hartwig Klinker, Tim Zimmermann, Bernd Weber, Jens Reimer, Yvonne Serfert, Heiner Wedemeyer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is limited real-world information on the effectiveness of antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with direct-acting antivirals (DAA) in people on opioid substitution therapy (OST). This study compared sustained virological response (SVR) rates and proportion of lost to follow-up (LTFU) between OST and non-OST patients in the German Hepatitis C-Registry (DHC-R). DESIGN: National multi-centre prospective real-world registry (German Hepatitis C-Registry, DHC-R)...
January 23, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338205/control-of-amphiphile-self-assembly-via-bioinspired-metal-ion-coordination
#17
Abigail S Knight, Josefin Larsson, Jing M Ren, Raghida Bou Zerdan, Shay Seguin, Remy Vrahas, Jianfang Liu, Gang Ren, Craig J Hawker
Inspired by marine siderophores that exhibit a morphological shift upon metal coordination, hybrid peptide-polymer conjugates that assemble into different morphologies based on the nature of the metal ion coordination have been designed. Coupling of a peptide chelator, hexahistidine, with hydrophobic oligostyrene allows a modular strategy to be established for the efficient synthesis and purification of these tunable amphiphiles (oSt(His)6). Remarkably, in the presence of different divalent transition metal ions (Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Cd) a variety of morphologies were observed...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336978/metastatic-burden-in-newly-diagnosed-hormone-naive-metastatic-prostate-cancer-comparing-definitions-of-chaarted-and-latitude-trial
#18
Sarah Buelens, Filip Poelaert, Bert Dhondt, Valérie Fonteyne, Pieter De Visschere, Piet Ost, Sofie Verbeke, Geert Villeirs, Kathia De Man, Sylvie Rottey, Karel Decaestecker, Nicolaas Lumen
OBJECTIVES: No uniformity exists in the definition of metastatic burden in metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer (mHNPC) across clinical trials making their comparison challenging. We explored definition agreement and prognostic significance of bulky mHNPC according to the CHAARTED and LATITUDE trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2014, 95 patients with newly diagnosed mHNPC were prospectively registered. For this study, they were categorized as having high-volume (HVD) vs...
January 11, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#19
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301962/structure-of-the-yeast-oligosaccharyltransferase-complex-gives-insight-into-eukaryotic-n-glycosylation
#20
Rebekka Wild, Julia Kowal, Jillianne Eyring, Elsy M Ngwa, Markus Aebi, Kaspar P Locher
Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) is an essential membrane protein complex in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, where it transfers an oligosaccharide from a dolichol-pyrophosphate-activated donor to glycosylation sites of secretory proteins. We here describe the atomic structure of yeast OST determined by cryo-EM, revealing a conserved subunit arrangement. The active site of the catalytic STT3 subunit points away from the center of the complex, allowing unhindered access to substrates. The dolichol-pyrophosphate moiety binds to a lipid-exposed groove of STT3, while two non-catalytic subunits and an ordered N-glycan form a membrane-proximal pocket for the oligosaccharide...
January 4, 2018: Science
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