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"Anxiety" and "depression"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223069/neuropsychological-and-clinical-heterogeneity-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#1
Lorena Broseghini Barcelos, Flávia Saad, Carla Giacominelli, Roberta Arb Saba, Patrícia Maria de Carvalho Aguiar, Sonia Maria Azevedo Silva, Vanderci Borges, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated neuropsychological tests to compare cognitive impairment between two types of multiple system atrophy: predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 14 patients diagnosed with MSA: four with MSA-C and ten with MSA-P. Presence of motor symptoms was determined by using the Unified Rating MSA Scale (URMSAS). Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222850/exploratory-study-of-imagery-rescripting-without-focusing-on-early-traumatic-memories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222079/web-based-interventions-supporting-adolescents-and-young-people-with-depressive-symptoms-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Maritta Välimäki, Katriina Anttila, Minna Anttila, Mari Lahti
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies on information and communication technology (ICT)-based intervention on mental health among adolescents with depressive symptoms have already been combined in a number of systematic reviews, coherent information is still missing about interventions used, participants' engagement of these interventions, and how these interventions work. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials to describe the effectiveness of Web-based interventions to support adolescents with depression or depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221793/pannexin-1-channel-dysfunction-in-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-mediates-depressive-like-behaviors-induced-by-chronic-social-defeat-stress-and-administration-of-mefloquine-in-mice
#4
Ming Ni, Jin-Gang He, Hai-Yun Zhou, Xiao-Jia Lu, Yuan-Lang Hu, Li Mao, Fang Wang, Jian-Guo Chen, Zhuang-Li Hu
Mefloquine (MFQ) is widely used for the treatment of malaria clinically. Apart from antimalarial effect, psychiatric side effects such as depression and anxiety of MFQ have been reported. Interestingly, MFQ is also known as a broad-spectrum pannexin-1 (Panx1) inhibitor. Panx1 is a new gap junction channel expressed in the brain which mediates efflux of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Although exogenous ATP has been known to produce a potential antidepressant-like effect, little is known about the role of Panx1 in pathophysiology of depression, especially the depression induced by administration of MFQ...
December 5, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221697/prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-in-elderly-u-s-military-veterans-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#5
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Karla Greenberg, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Older veterans may be vulnerable to mental health problems. Meta-analytic and systematic review methods sought to determine the prevalence rate of mental health disorders in older military veterans (≥65 years). METHODS: Eleven studies were eligible, and meta-analyses of veteran depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, dementia, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia were conducted. RESULTS: Although conducted exclusively with U...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220783/a-study-to-compare-the-differences-between-genders-in-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-individuals-with-psychoses
#6
Praveen Das, Priya Sreedaran, Ashok Mv
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities worsen the outcome and increase severity of suffering in psychotic disorders. Gender differences have also been found to impact the severity and outcome in psychoses. In this background, this study attempted to compare psychiatric comorbidity between genders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare psychiatric co-morbidity between men and women with psychotic disorders. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross sectional study design was used...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220570/neuromicrobiology-how-microbes-influence-the-brain
#7
Cesar de la Fuente-Nunez, Beatriz Torres Meneguetti, Octávio Luiz Franco, Timothy K Lu
We review here recent discoveries in the exciting new field of neuromicrobiology. This field encompasses the interactions between the microbiome and the central nervous system. The microbiome has a tremendous impact on human health. In particular, the gut microbiota may play a key role in many essential processes in health and disease via the activity of the gut-brain axis, possibly contributing to autism spectrum disorders, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, depression, and anxiety disorder. Gut microbes may also be involved in nociception, complex host behaviors, and brain development...
December 8, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220120/efavirenz-is-related-to-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-among-adults-but-not-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-kilimanjaro-tanzania
#9
Marion Sumari-de Boer, Arnt Schellekens, Ashanti Duinmaijer, Julieth Munisi Lalashowi, Happiness Judical Swai, Quirijn de Mast, Andre van der Ven, Grace Kinabo
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between Efavirenz (EFV) and neuropsychiatric symptoms among adults and adolescents living with HIV in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among HIV-infected adults (age 18-65) and adolescents (age 12-17) on ART, attending Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Moshi, Tanzania. Neuropsychiatric symptoms were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
December 8, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219904/incivility-in-the-emergency-department-implications-for-nurse-leaders
#10
Katy Garth, Dana Todd, Dina Byers, Betty Kuiper
Uncivil behavior leads to low self-esteem, anxiety, sleep disturbance, recurrent nightmares, and depression. This article looks at the perception of incivility among emergency department nurses and the leadership required to implement evidence-based strategies to address this growing problem.
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219173/parenting-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-mothers-with-visually-impaired-infants-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-analysis
#11
Elena Sakkalou, Hanna Sakki, Michelle A O'reilly, Alison T Salt, Naomi J Dale
AIM: This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal patterns of parenting stress, adult anxiety, and depression in mothers of children with profound or severe visual impairment (PVI or SVI) at 1 year and 2 years of age. METHOD: Mothers of a national longitudinal cohort (OPTIMUM Project) of infants with congenital disorders of the peripheral visual system and PVI (light perception at best) or SVI (basic 'form' vision of non-light reflecting objects) participated...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219074/economic-cost-and-quality-of-life-of-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenic-patients-attending-psychiatric-hospitals-in-ghana
#12
Yaw Nyarko Opoku-Boateng, Irene A Kretchy, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Duah Dwomoh, Sybil Decker, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Yesim Tozan, Moses Aikins, Justice Nonvignon
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries face many challenges in meeting their populations' mental health care needs. Though family caregiving is crucial to the management of severe mental health disabilities, such as schizophrenia, the economic costs borne by family caregivers often go unnoticed. In this study, we estimated the household economic costs of schizophrenia and quality of life of family caregivers in Ghana. METHODS: We used a cost of illness analysis approach...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218645/trajectories-of-italian-children-s-peer-rejection-associations-with-aggression-prosocial-behavior-physical-attractiveness-and-adolescent-adjustment
#13
Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Eriona Thartori, Anna Silvia Bombi, Emma Baumgartner, Richard A Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Craig K Enders
In the present study, the predictors and outcomes associated with the trajectories of peer rejection were examined in a longitudinal sample of Italian children (338 boys, 269 girls) ages 10 to 14 years. Follow-up assessments included 60% of the original sample at age 16-17. Low, medium, and high rejection trajectory groups were identified using growth mixture models. Consistent with previous studies, we found that (a) being less prosocial and more physically aggressive at age 10 was characteristic of those children with the high rejection trajectory; (b) being less attractive was related to higher peer rejection from age 10 to 14; and (c) boys with a high rejection trajectory showed high levels of delinquency and anxiety-depression and low levels of academic aspiration at age 16-17, whereas girls with a high rejection trajectory showed low levels of academic aspiration and social competence at age 16-17...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218451/the-trajectory-from-mood-to-obesity
#14
REVIEW
Judith Wurtman, Richard Wurtman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe and explain the relationships between mood disturbances and the development of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: That depression, anxiety, PTSD, or severe stresses can promote obesity as a side-effect of the drugs used to treat them, or through "carbohydrate craving" to enhance brain serotonin synthesis and alleviate dysphoria by consuming foods that are rich in both carbohydrates and fats. That seasonal affective disorder and severe PMS can independently cause patients to overconsume foods rich in both carbohydrates and fats...
December 7, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217995/the-alteration-of-irisin-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-axis-parallels-severity-of-distress-disorder-in-bronchial-asthma-patients
#15
Magdolna E Szilasi, Krisztian Pak, Laszlo Kardos, Viktoria E Varga, Ildiko Seres, Angela Mikaczo, Andrea Fodor, Maria Szilasi, Gabor Tajti, Csaba Papp, Rudolf Gesztelyi, Judit Zsuga
Distress disorder (a collective term for generalized anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder) is a well-known co-morbidity of bronchial asthma. The irisin-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) axis is a pathway that influences several neurobehavioral mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of distress disorder. Thus, the aim of the present study was to quantify the serum irisin and BDNF concentrations in order to investigate the possible link between the irisin/BDNF axis and distress disorder in an asthma patient cohort...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217937/are-past-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-associated-with-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-currently-pregnant-women
#16
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Rosa Alati, Steve Kisely, Jake Moses Najman
Background: There has been a great deal of concern about the mental health of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, termination of a pregnancy (ToP), child death or where a child has been given up for adoption. Despite this concern there has been remarkably little population-based research which has addressed the long-term consequences of pregnancy loss and child death. This study investigated the maternal mental health consequences of women whose pregnancies involve miscarriage, ToP, child death or where a child has been given up for adoption at two different time points, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and baseline mental health...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217840/the-role-of-anxious-distress-in-immune-dysregulation-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Roxanne Gaspersz, Femke Lamers, Gayle Wittenberg, Aartjan T F Beekman, Albert M van Hemert, Robert A Schoevers, Brenda W J H Penninx
Although depression with anxious distress appears to be a clinically relevant subtype of major depressive disorder (MDD), whether it involves specific pathophysiology remains unclear. Inflammation has been implicated, but not comprehensively studied. We examined within a large MDD sample whether anxious distress and related anxiety features are associated with differential basal inflammation and innate cytokine production capacity. Data are from 1078 MDD patients from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety...
December 8, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217174/n-propyl-2-2-diphenyl-2-hydroxyacetamide-a-novel-%C3%AE-hydroxyamide-with-anticonvulsant-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-like-effects-that-inhibits-voltage-gated-sodium-channels
#18
Valentina Pastore, Cristina Wasowski, Pedro Martin, Andrea Enrique, Josefina Higgs, Luis E Bruno-Blanch, Veronica Milesi, Mariel Marder
In patients with epilepsy, anxiety and depression are the most frequent psychiatric comorbidities but they often remain unrecognized and untreated. We report herein the antidepressant-like activity in two animal models, tail suspension and forced swimming tests, of six anticonvulsants α-hydroxyamides. From these, N-propyl-2,2-diphenyl-2-hydroxyacetamide (compound 5) emerged not only as the most active as anticonvulsant (ED50= 2.5mg/kg, MES test), but it showed the most remarkable antidepressant-like effect in the tail suspension and forced swimming tests (0...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217165/anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-like-activities-of-a-methanolic-extract-of-morinda-citrifolia-linn-noni-fruit-in-mice-involvement-of-benzodiazepine-gabaaergic-serotonergic-and-adrenergic-systems
#19
Megala Narasingam, Kamini Vijeepallam, Zahurin Mohamed, Vijayapandi Pandy
This study presents anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of a methanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia Linn. (noni) fruit (MMC) in well-established mouse models of anxiety and depression. The administration of MMC (1 g/kg, p.o.) and diazepam (1 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly attenuated anxiety-like behaviour in mice by increasing the percentage of time spent and number of entries in the open arms in the elevated plus maze (EPM), and significantly enhanced the exploration in the light box in the light/dark test (LDT)...
December 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217142/pharmacist-led-depression-screening-and-intervention-in-an-underserved-rural-and-multiethnic-diabetic-population
#20
Charlotte Wilson, Geoffrey Twigg
OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of implementation and integration of community pharmacist-led depression screening for patients with diabetes in an underserved rural area and to assess the response rate of prescribers to pharmacist-led depression screening and treatment recommendation. SETTING: Independent community pharmacy-run diabetes education center. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Clinical community pharmacy site on Maryland's Eastern Shore...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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