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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684866/the-mediation-roles-of-discrepancy-stress-and-self-esteem-between-masculine-role-discrepancy-and-mental-health-problems
#1
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Zixin Wang, Yee-Ling Ma, Mason C M Lau
INTRODUCTION: Masculine role discrepancy and discrepancy stress occur when men perceive that they fail to live up to the ideal manhood derived from societal prescriptions. The present study examined the associations between masculine role discrepancy and two emotional and mental health problems (social anxiety and depressive symptoms), and potential mediation effects through discrepancy stress and self-esteem in a male general population. METHODS: Based on random population-based sampling, 2000 male residents in Hong Kong were interviewed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684865/the-effect-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-on-psychiatric-symptoms-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-functional-diarrhea-and-functional-constipation-an-open-label-observational-study
#2
Shunya Kurokawa, Taishiro Kishimoto, Shinta Mizuno, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Makoto Naganuma, Kuo-Ching Liang, Momoko Kitazawa, Moeko Nakashima, Chie Shindo, Wataru Suda, Masahira Hattori, Takanori Kanai, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUNDS: The intestinal microbiota is considered as a potential common underpinning pathophysiology of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs) and psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) has been reported to have therapeutic effects on diseases related to dysbiosis, but few studies have evaluated its effect on psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We followed 17 patients with either Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Diarrhea (FDr) or Functional Constipation (FC) who underwent FMT for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and observation of psychiatric symptoms...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684864/temperamental-factors-in-remitted-depression-the-role-of-effortful-control-and-attentional-mechanisms
#3
Igor Marchetti, Jason Shumake, Ivan Grahek, Ernst H W Koster
BACKGROUND: Temperamental effortful control and attentional networks are increasingly viewed as important underlying processes in depression and anxiety. However, it is still unknown whether these factors facilitate depressive and anxiety symptoms in the general population and, more specifically, in remitted depressed individuals. METHODS: We investigated to what extent effortful control and attentional networks (i.e., Attention Network Task) explain concurrent depressive and anxious symptoms in healthy individuals (n = 270) and remitted depressed individuals (n = 90)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684863/psychological-and-genetic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-korean-patients-with-mood-disorders
#4
Hee-Yeon Choi, Ga Eun Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yu Jin Lee, Weon-Jeong Lim, So-Hyun Park, Su Hee Ha, Soo In Kim
INTRODUCTION: To prevent suicide, a nationwide important issue in Korea, understanding its etiology is essential. This study aimed to delineate the risk factors for suicidal behavior in mood disorder patients in Korea. METHODS: 216 patients with mood disorders were recruited. We measured suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history and the association of six gene polymorphisms with SB: COMT (rs4680), HTR1A (rs6295), TPH1 (rs1800532), BDNF (rs6265), SLC1A3 (rs2269272), and SLC1A2 (rs4755404)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#5
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684764/poor-mental-health-peer-drinking-norms-and-alcohol-risk-in-a-social-network-of-first-year-college-students
#6
Shannon R Kenney, Graham T DiGuiseppi, Matthew K Meisel, Sara G Balestrieri, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: College students with anxiety and depressive symptomatology face escalated risk for alcohol-related negative consequences. While it is well-established that normative perceptions of proximal peers' drinking behaviors influence students' own drinking behaviors, it is not clear how mental health status impacts this association. In the current study, we examined cross-sectional relationships between anxiety and depressed mood, perceived drinking behaviors and attitudes of important peers, and past month alcohol consumption and related problems in a first-semester college student social network...
April 16, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684713/effects-of-depression-and-anxiety-on-quality-of-life-in-five-common-neurological-disorders
#7
Joey C Prisnie, Tolulope T Sajobi, Meng Wang, Scott B Patten, Kirsten M Fiest, Andrew G M Bulloch, Tamara Pringsheim, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jette
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether anxiety and depression impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL) equally across neurological diseases. This study examines the association between anxiety or depression and HRQoL in select neurological disorders. METHODS: HRQoL was measured using the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) in neurological patients: epilepsy (n = 279), migraine (n = 268), multiple sclerosis (MS) (n = 222), stroke (n = 204), and Parkinson's disease (PD) (n = 224)...
April 4, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684711/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-activity-in-the-comorbidity-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-major-depression
#8
Javier Labad, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Cinto Segalàs, Eva Real, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Alex Ferrer, José M Crespo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Pino Alonso, José M Menchón
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis abnormalities have been described in both disorders and might play a role in the association between them. We aimed to study the role of HPA axis activity in the comorbidity between OCD and MDD, while controlling for psychopathological dimensions such as anxiety and depressive symptoms. We studied 324 participants belonging to four diagnostic groups: 1) MDD (n = 101), 2) OCD with comorbid MDD (n = 33), 3) OCD without MDD (n = 52), and 4) healthy subjects (n = 138)...
April 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684660/who-cares-for-the-schizophrenia-individuals-in-rural-china-a-profile-of-primary-family-caregivers
#9
Yu Yu, Bing-Wei Tang, Zi-Wei Liu, Yu-Mei Chen, Xing-Yu Zhang, Shuiyuan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide a comprehensive profile of the primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals in rural China. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 327 primary family caregivers of schizophrenia individuals recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. The social demographic and psychological profiles of primary caregivers were measured using standard scales and self-designed scales...
April 11, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684659/anxiety-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk-among-firefighters-a-test-of-the-depression-distress-amplification-model
#10
Ian H Stanley, Lia J Smith, Joseph W Boffa, Jana K Tran, N Brad Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters. METHODS: Overall, 831 firefighters participated (mean [SD] age = 38...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684094/quantitative-analyses-of-factors-related-to-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#11
Mayumi Sainohira, Takehiro Yamashita, Hiroto Terasaki, Shozo Sonoda, Kazunori Miyata, Yusuke Murakami, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Takeshi Morimoto, Takao Endo, Takashi Fujikado, Junko Kamo, Taiji Sakamoto
The purpose of this study is to determine the factors related to anxiety and depression in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The status of anxiety and depression was determined in RP patients with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire which consisted of subscales for HADS-anxiety (HADS-A) and HADS-depression (HADS-D). The vision-specific quality of life (VSQOL) was assessed with the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ25). The correlations between the HADS-A or HADS-D scores and vision-related clinical parameters such as the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), Functional Acuity Score, Functional Field Score, Functional Vision Score, the NEI- VFQ25 subscale score were determined...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683788/communication-about-prognosis-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-cancer-information-needs-prognostic-awareness-and-outcomes-of-disclosure
#12
Jennifer W Mack, Karen M Fasciano, Susan D Block
Purpose Communication about prognosis affects decisions patients and family members make about cancer care, and most patients say they want to know about their chances of cure. We sought to evaluate experiences with prognosis communication among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Patients and Methods We surveyed 203 AYAs with cancer age 15 to 29 years (response rate, 74%) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their oncologists. Patients were approached within 6 weeks of diagnosis and asked to report on their prognosis communication preferences and experiences, their beliefs about likelihood of cure, and psychosocial outcomes of communication, such as trust (using an item from the Trust in Physician Scale), peace of mind (using select items from the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale), and anxiety and depression (using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683385/polymorphism-in-the-serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-5-httlpr-modifies-the-association-between-significant-life-events-and-depression-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Alice Saul, Bruce Taylor, Steve Simpson, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Leigh Blizzard, Terence Dwyer, Brendan McMorran, Brenda Wood, Ingrid Af van der Mei
BACKGROUND: In the general population, variation in the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region ( 5-HTTLPR) has been shown to modify the association between stressful events and depression/anxiety. This has not been examined in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: We examined the interaction between significant life events (SLE), 5-HTTLPR and depression/anxiety. METHODS: A population-based longitudinal cohort of 198 people with MS was followed biannually for 2...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683254/examining-burnout-profiles-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#14
Tamara M Schult, David C Mohr, Katerine Osatuke
The goals of this paper were twofold: (a) To provide a population overview of burnout profiles by occupation in a large, health care sector employee population and (b) to investigate how burnout profiles relate to self-reported health behaviours, chronic conditions, and absenteeism. Burnout profiles were considered by 5 main occupational groups (physicians, nurses, other clinical, administrative, and wage grade [trade, craft, and labor workers]) in survey respondents (n = 86,257 employees). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine how burnout profiles were associated with health controlling for gender, age, race, ethnicity, and occupational group...
April 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683227/risk-for-use-of-antidepressants-anxiolytics-and-hypnotics-in-partners-of-glioma-patients-a-nationwide-study-covering-19-years-of-prescriptions
#15
Maria R N Jansson, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Birthe K Rasmussen, Vanna Albieri, Kirsten Frederiksen, Nis Suppli, Susanne O Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Pernille E Bidstrup
OBJECTIVE: Suffering from malignant brain tumor is a stressful condition, for patients and their partners. In a retrospective cohort study using nationwide registries, we examined partners' risk for first use of antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics. METHODS: We followed all 4,373 partners of adults with glioma, diagnosed in 1998-2013 in Denmark and a cohort of 43,808 partners of glioma-free persons matched (1:10). In Cox proportional hazard models, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for a first prescription of psychotropic medications (antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics) according to the partner's glioma status...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683076/lifetime-victimization-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#16
Jorge Aguado-Gracia, Pilar Mundo-Cid, Fernando Lopez-Seco, Silvia Acosta-García, María José Cortes-Ruiz, Elisabet Vilella, Adela Masana-Marín
The objective of this study is to describe the frequency and type of victimization in a Spanish child and adolescent clinical ADHD sample and to analyze the association between the types of victimization and the severity of the symptoms. The sample is composed of 106 outpatients in treatment for ADHD, according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) criteria. Symptom severity was measured by the Conners-3 scales. ADHD and comorbid diagnostics were evaluated with the Mini-Kid interview...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683047/using-media-while-interacting-face-to-face-is-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-and-personality-traits
#17
Mindy Lee, Karen Murphy, Glenda Andrews
Positive face-to-face human interactions are known to benefit well-being. Drawing upon previous work regarding the interference of media (via technological devices or print) in social interaction, the aim of this study was to identify whether using media during face-to-face interaction could potentially limit the positive effect of interaction on well-being. Participants were 437 university students who completed an online survey which assessed media multitasking behaviors, well-being (trait depression, trait anxiety, social anxiety, empathy, and psychological well-being), and personality traits (Big-5 and narcissism)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#18
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683025/developing-resilience-gay-men-s-response-to-systemic-discrimination
#19
Ingrid Handlovsky, Vicky Bungay, John Oliffe, Joy Johnson
Gay men experience marked health disparities compared to heterosexual men, associated with profound discrimination. Resilience as a concept has received growing attention to increase understanding about how gay men promote and protect their health in the presence of adversity. Missing in this literature are the perspectives and experiences of gay men over 40 years. This investigation, drawing on grounded theory methods, examined how gay men over 40 years of age develop resilience over the course of their lives to promote and protect their health...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682584/patient-related-determinants-of-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Mohammed J Alramadan, Afsana Afroz, Sultana Monira Hussain, Mohammed Ali Batais, Turky H Almigbal, Hassan Ahmad Al-Humrani, Ahmed Albaloshi, Lorena Romero, Dianna J Magliano, Baki Billah
The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-related factors affecting glycaemic control among people with type 2 diabetes in the Arabian Gulf Council countries. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from their date of inception to May 2016. Two researchers independently identified eligible studies and assessed the risk of bias. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. One study was population based, six recruited participants from multiple centres, and the remaining were single centred...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
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