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"Exercise physiology"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074412/a-scientific-rationale-to-improve-resistance-training-prescription-in-exercise-oncology
#1
Ciaran M Fairman, Michael C Zourdos, Eric R Helms, Brian C Focht
To date, the prevailing evidence in the field of exercise oncology supports the safety and efficacy of resistance training to attenuate many oncology treatment-related adverse effects, such as risk for cardiovascular disease, increased fatigue, and diminished physical functioning and quality of life. Moreover, findings in the extant literature supporting the benefits of exercise for survivors of and patients with cancer have resulted in the release of exercise guidelines from several international agencies...
January 10, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055244/canadian-society-for-exercise-physiology-symposium-on-integrative-physiology-honouring-dr-bengt-saltin-the-use-of-exercise-to-study-integrative-physiology
#2
Coral L Murrant, Maureen J MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006436/professor-bengt-saltin-symposium-environmental-challenges-to-human-performance
#3
Philip N Ainslie
This short review is from a presentation made at the Bengt Saltin Symposium, October 15-17, at the 2015 Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology conference, Hamilton, Canada. The review provides context of the important work of the late Dr. Saltin's contributions to environmental physiology. In addition to well-controlled laboratory experiments to better understand the influence of hypoxia or temperature, or both, Dr. Saltin also led several field expeditions to the North Greenland, Kenya, Himalayas, and the Andes, where he studied several aspects of human adaptation to environment...
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006435/linking-skeletal-muscle-blood-flow-and-metabolism-to-the-limits-of-human-performance
#4
Robert Boushel
Over the last 50 years, Bengt Saltin's contributions to our understanding of physiology of the circulation, the matching of the circulation to muscle metabolism, and the underlying mechanisms that set the limits for exercise performance were enormous. His research addressed the key questions in the field using sophisticated experimental methods including field expeditions. From the Dallas Bedrest Study to the 1-leg knee model to the physiology of lifelong training, his prodigious body of work was foundational in the field of exercise physiology and his leadership propelled integrative human physiology into the mainstream of biological sciences...
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993896/reexamining-cancer-metabolism-lactate-production-for-carcinogenesis-could-be-the-purpose-and-explanation-of-the-warburg-effect
#5
REVIEW
Iñigo San-Millán, George A Brooks
Herein, we use lessons learned in exercise physiology and metabolism to propose that augmented lactate production ('lactagenesis'), initiated by gene mutations, is the reason and purpose of the Warburg Effect and that dysregulated lactate metabolism and signaling are the key elements in carcinogenesis. Lactate-producing ('lactagenic') cancer cells are characterized by increased aerobic glycolysis and excessive lactate formation, a phenomenon described by Otto Warburg 93 years ago, which still remains unexplained...
December 17, 2016: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974872/studies-on-exercise-physiology-and-performance-testing-of-racehorses-performed-in-japan-during-the-1930s-using-recovery-rate-as-an-index
#6
Atsushi Hiraga, Shigeru Sugano
The history of research on the exercise physiology of racehorses in Japan dates back to the 1930s. A research report entitled "Studies on exercise physiology and performance testing of the racehorse", published in 1933 by Shigeo Matsuba and Torao Shimamura of The University of Tokyo, was epoch-making and the most important study in the history of equine exercise physiology in Japan. Research results were reported from 92 Thoroughbred racehorses in a large-scale project during the period of 1928 to 1932 at the Shimofusa Imperial Farm and the Koiwai Farm, which were the two greatest racehorse farms at that time...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959640/bengt-saltin-and-exercise-physiology-a-perspective
#7
Michael J Joyner
This perspective highlights some of the key contributions of Professor Bengt Saltin (1935-2014) to exercise physiology. The emergence of exercise physiology from work physiology as his career began is discussed as are his contributions in a number of areas. Saltin's open and question-based style of leadership is a model for the future of our field.
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929389/diaphragm-dysfunction-diagnostic-approaches-and-management-strategies
#8
REVIEW
Bruno-Pierre Dubé, Martin Dres
The diaphragm is the main inspiratory muscle, and its dysfunction can lead to significant adverse clinical consequences. The aim of this review is to provide clinicians with an overview of the main causes of uni- and bi-lateral diaphragm dysfunction, explore the clinical and physiological consequences of the disease on lung function, exercise physiology and sleep and review the available diagnostic tools used in the evaluation of diaphragm function. A particular emphasis is placed on the clinical significance of diaphragm weakness in the intensive care unit setting and the use of ultrasound to evaluate diaphragmatic action...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903779/exercise-physiology-and-sports-science-must-be-considered-in-evolutionary-theories-regarding-human-performance-a-reply-to-postma-2016
#9
James M Smoliga, Gerald S Zavorsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898870/horse-species-symposium-exercise-physiology-of-the-horse
#10
J A Coverdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765846/noninvasive-assessment-of-cardiac-output-by-brachial-occlusion-cuff-technique-comparison-with-the-open-circuit-acetylene-washin-method
#11
Pavol Sajgalik, Vaclav Kremen, Alex R Carlson, Vratislav Fabian, Chul-Ho Kim, Courtney Wheatley, Vaclav Gerla, John A Schirger, Thomas P Olson, Bruce D Johnson
Cardiac output (CO) assessment as a basic hemodynamic parameter has been of interest in exercise physiology, cardiology, and anesthesiology. Noninvasive techniques available are technically challenging, and thus difficult to use outside of a clinical or laboratory setting. We propose a novel method of noninvasive CO assessment using a single, upper-arm cuff. The method uses the arterial pressure pulse wave signal acquired from the brachial artery during 20-s intervals of suprasystolic occlusion. This method was evaluated in a cohort of 12 healthy individuals (age, 27...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748688/influence-of-skill-and-exercise-training-parameters-on-locomotor-recovery-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#12
T George Hornby, Jennifer L Moore, Linda Lovell, Elliot J Roth
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Research findings from the fields of motor learning and exercise physiology suggest specific training parameters that can be manipulated during physical rehabilitation profoundly influence skilled task performance. This review details the rationale for some of these training variables and their application in selected intervention studies focused on improving walking function in patients poststroke. RECENT FINDINGS: Basic and applied studies have shown that the amount, intensity, and variability of specific task practice applied during rehabilitation interventions can affect recovery of walking poststroke...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747843/-aerobic-and-anaerobic-terms-used-in-exercise-physiology-a-critical-terminology-reflection
#13
Karim Chamari, Johnny Padulo
The purpose of this Current Opinion article is to focus on the appropriate use of the terms 'aerobic'- and 'anaerobic'-exercise in sports medicine, in order to try to unify their use across coaches/athletes and sport scientists. Despite the high quality of most of the investigations, the terms aerobic/anaerobic continue to be used inappropriately by some researchers in exercise science. Until late 2014, for instance, 14,883 and 6,136 articles were cited in PubMed, in the field of 'exercise science', using the words 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic', respectively...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747393/exercise-effects-in-huntington-disease
#14
Sebastian Frese, Jens A Petersen, Maria Ligon-Auer, Sandro Manuel Mueller, Violeta Mihaylova, Saskia M Gehrig, Veronika Kana, Elisabeth J Rushing, Evelyn Unterburger, Georg Kägi, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Marco Toigo, Hans H Jung
Huntington disease (HD) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms across a wide range of neurological domains, including cognitive and motor dysfunction. There is still no causative treatment for HD but environmental factors such as passive lifestyle may modulate disease onset and progression. In humans, multidisciplinary rehabilitation has a positive impact on cognitive functions. However, a specific role for exercise as a component of an environmental enrichment effect has been difficult to demonstrate...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716325/a-scoping-review-of-australian-allied-health-research-in-ehealth
#15
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703408/reference-range-of-blood-biomarkers-for-oxidative-stress-in-thoroughbred-racehorses-2-5-years-old
#16
Kanichi Kusano, Masahiko Yamazaki, Masataka Kiuchi, Kouki Kaneko, Katsuhiro Koyama
The oxidant and antioxidant equilibrium is known to play an important role in equine medicine and equine exercise physiology. There are abundant findings in this field; however, not many studies have been conducted for reference ranges of oxidative stress biomarkers in horses. This study was conducted to determine the reference values of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) using blood samples from 372 (191 males, 181 females) Thoroughbred racehorse aged 2 to 5 (3...
2016: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692228/beyond-the-bruce-protocol-advanced-exercise-testing-for-the-sports-cardiologist
#17
REVIEW
Satyam Sarma, Benjamin D Levine
Exercise testing is an important tool for determining baseline fitness as well as to diagnose limitations in performance. The Bruce protocol has become the standard for exercise testing protocol in many exercise physiology laboratories, but is rarely a suitable test for athletes who often have complex hemodynamic and metabolic demands during exercise required for practice and competition. We describe the approach for exercise testing beyond the Bruce protocol and focus on strategies to individualize the testing protocol to the metabolic demands of an athlete's sport...
November 2016: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684743/proceedings-of-the-canadian-society-for-exercise-physiology-annual-general-meeting-from-health-to-high-performance-compte-rendu-du-congr%C3%A3-s-annuel-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-canadienne-de-physiologie-de-l-exercice-%C3%A2-from-health-to-high-performance-%C3%A2
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670738/transforming-health-care-through-interprofessional-graduate-education
#19
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Shaunta Ray
PURPOSE: We provide an overview of the Recovery-based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in psychiatric mental health (PMH) nursing, pharmacy, nutrition, and exercise physiology, with faculty from the four professions represented. CONCLUSIONS: Interprofessional education can enhance team concepts in these professions and is viewed positively by students and faculty. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Interprofessional learning opportunities prepare graduates to contribute to team-based care...
September 27, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638040/eccentric-exercise-physiological-characteristics-and-acute-responses
#20
Jamie Douglas, Simon Pearson, Angus Ross, Mike McGuigan
An eccentric contraction involves the active lengthening of muscle under an external load. The molecular and neural mechanisms underpinning eccentric contractions differ from those of concentric and isometric contractions and remain less understood. A number of molecular theories have been put forth to explain the unexplained observations during eccentric contractions that deviate from the predictions of the established theories of muscle contraction. Postulated mechanisms include a strain-induced modulation of actin-myosin interactions at the level of the cross-bridge, the activation of the structural protein titin, and the winding of titin on actin...
September 15, 2016: Sports Medicine
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