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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055242/the-efficacy-of-two-activity-based-interventions-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#1
Emmanuel Bonney, Gillian Ferguson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) usually experience psychomotor difficulties that affect their participation in everyday tasks and sports. Without effective intervention, adolescents show persistent motor deficits through adulthood. It is therefore critical to develop interventions to address the specific needs of this population. Studies evaluating the impact of motor interventions among adolescents with DCD are limited. AIM: The study evaluated the efficacy of two activity-based motor interventions in female adolescents with DCD...
October 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#2
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054748/effects-of-physical-activity-on-executive-functions-attention-and-academic-performance-in-preadolescent-children-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Johannes W de Greeff, Roel J Bosker, Jaap Oosterlaan, Chris Visscher, E Hartman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide a systematic review of intervention studies that investigated the effects of physical activity on multiple domains of executive functions, attention and academic performance in preadolescent children (6-12 years of age). In addition, a systematic quantification of the effects of physical activity on these domains is provided. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Searches of electronic databases and examining relevant reviews between 2000 and April 2017 resulted in 31 intervention studies meeting the inclusion criteria...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054502/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-uterine-fibroids
#4
REVIEW
Dora Pavone, Sara Clemenza, Flavia Sorbi, Massimiliano Fambrini, Felice Petraglia
Risk factors, both modifiable and non-modifiable, are associated with the development of fibroids. These include age, race, endogenous and exogenous hormonal factors, obesity, uterine infection, and lifestyle (diet, caffeine and alcohol consumption, physical activity, stress, and smoking). Some of the epidemiological data were conflicting; consequently, further studies are needed to better understand the factors that influence fibroid prevalence.
October 1, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054087/using-local-knowledge-and-sustainable-transport-to-promote-a-greener-city-the-case-of-bucharest-romania
#5
Mihai R Niță, Denisa L Badiu, Diana A Onose, Athanasios A Gavrilidis, Simona R Grădinaru, Irina I Năstase, Raffaele Lafortezza
Cities undergoing climate change and rapid urbanization are faced with significant transformational processes that affect the environment and society, challenging them to become more sustainable and resilient. The promotion of nature-based solutions represents an efficient approach to meet sustainability targets in cities and improve the quality of life of citizens. The association of large components of green infrastructure, such as urban parks, with physical activity can counteract the sedentary lifestyle endemic to cities and improve the overall health and well-being of individuals (Carrus et al...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054063/valorisation-of-tectona-grandis-tree-sawdust-through-the-production-of-high-activated-carbon-for-environment-applications
#6
Isabel Pestana da Paixão Cansado, Cristóvão Ramiro Belo, Paulo Alexandre Mira Mourão
This work presents a first approach concerning the use of Tectona Grandis tree sawdust (from East Timor) for high activated carbon production, by physical activation with carbon dioxide at different temperatures. The activated carbons (AC) obtained exhibit a well-developed porous structure with a pore size distribution varying from micro to mesopores. Selected AC was successfully evaluated for pesticide removal, specific to 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, from the liquid phase. The results presented are very promising, allowing to establish that Tectona Grandis sawdust is as an excellent precursor for the basic AC production and allow to expect good performance of theses adsorbents on the removal of a broad range of pollutants...
October 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053973/duration-of-moderate-to-vigorous-daily-activity-is-negatively-associated-with-slow-walking-speed-independently-from-step-counts-in-elderly-women-aged-75-years-or-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Takuji Adachi, Yuji Kono, Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuko Shimizu, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to examine whether objectively measured duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was associated with slow walking speed, independent from step counts, in elderly women aged 75 or over (old-old) and 2) to determine a possible cut-off value for duration of MVPA related to slow walking speed. METHODS: Participants were 350 community-dwelling old-old women. Slow walking speed was defined as usual walking speed <1.0m/s...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053861/physical-function-following-a-long-term-lifestyle-intervention-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-the-look-ahead-study
#8
Denise K Houston, Rebecca H Neiberg, Michael E Miller, James O Hill, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Edward W Gregg, Van S Hubbard, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, W Jack Rejeski, Rena R Wing, John P Bantle, Elizabeth Beale, Robert I Berkowitz, Maria Cassidy-Begay, Jeanne M Clark, Mace Coday, Linda M Delahanty, Gareth Dutton, Caitlin Egan, John P Foreyt, Frank L Greenway, Helen P Hazuda, Andrea Hergenroeder, Edward S Horton, Robert W Jeffery, Steven E Kahn, Anne Kure, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, Corby K Martin, Sara Michaels, Maria G Montez, David M Nathan, Jennifer Patricio, Anne Peters, Henry Pownall, Judith Regensteiner, Helmut Steinburg, Thomas A Wadden, Karen White, Susan Z Yanovski, Ping Zhang, Stephen B Kritchevsky
Background: Lifestyle interventions have been shown to improve physical function over the short term; however, whether these benefits are sustainable is unknown. The long-term effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention on physical function were assessed using a randomized post-test design in the Look AHEAD trial. Methods: Overweight and obese (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2) middle-aged and older adults (aged 45-76 years at enrollment) with type 2 diabetes enrolled in Look AHEAD, a trial evaluating an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) designed to achieve weight loss through caloric restriction and increased physical activity compared to diabetes support and education (DSE), underwent standardized assessments of performance-based physical function including a 4- and 400-m walk, lower extremity physical performance (expanded Short Physical Performance Battery, SPPBexp), and grip strength approximately 11 years post-randomization and 1...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053612/in-search-of-consistent-predictors-of-children-s-physical-activity
#9
Keren Best, Kylie Ball, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Rebecca Stanley, James Dollman
Physical activity is pivotal for children's health and well-being, yet participation declines across teenage years. Efforts to increase physical activity need to be strengthened to combat this, however, evidence for the design and planning of physical activity promotion in children is lacking. The aim was to identify predictors of physical activity that were relatively consistent across three different measures of physical activity, in pre- and early adolescent South Australians. This is the first study to compare correlates of physical activity across three measures of physical activity in a single sample, in this age group...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053480/impact-of-moderate-intensity-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-on-mortality
#10
Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shigeru Inoue, I-Min Lee, Yuko Odagiri, Norie Sawada, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: Physical activity guidelines recommend at least 150 min of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA), 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA), or combination of MPA and VPA. However, few epidemiological studies have examined whether the general population can derive equal health benefits from MPA or VPA. This study examined the associations of different activity intensities with mortality. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, a total of 83,454 community-dwelling Japanese who answered a questionnaire in 2000-2003 were followed for all-cause mortality through 2012...
October 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053155/prevention-non-recreational-physical-activity-reduces-cvd-risk
#11
Irene Fernanández-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053152/heart-in-space-effect-of-the-extraterrestrial-environment-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#12
REVIEW
Richard L Hughson, Alexander Helm, Marco Durante
National space agencies and private corporations aim at an extended presence of humans in space in the medium to long term. Together with currently suboptimal technology, microgravity and cosmic rays raise health concerns about deep-space exploration missions. Both of these physical factors affect the cardiovascular system, whose gravity-dependence is pronounced. Heart and vascular function are, therefore, susceptible to substantial changes in weightlessness. The altered cardiovascular function in space causes physiological problems in the postflight period...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053066/different-times-of-day-do-not-change-heart-rate-variability-recovery-after-light-exercise-in-sedentary-subjects-24%C3%A2-hours-holter-monitoring
#13
Eliza Prodel, Tiago Peçanha, Lilian Pinto Da Silva, Rogério Baumgratz De Paula, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Jorge Roberto Perrout De Lima, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
Incidence of cardiovascular events follows a circadian rhythm with peak occurrence during morning. Disturbance of autonomic control caused by exercise had raised the question of the safety in morning exercise and its recovery. Furthermore, we sought to investigate whether light aerobic exercise performed at night would increase HR and decrease HRV during sleep. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that morning exercise would delay HR and HRV recovery after light aerobic exercise, additionally, we tested the impact of late night light aerobic exercise on HR and HRV during sleep in sedentary subjects...
October 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052935/relationship-between-chronic-kidney-disease-without-diabetes-mellitus-and-components-of-frailty-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults
#14
Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Masakazu Imaoka, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between kidney function without diabetes and components of the frailty phenotype in community-dwelling Japanese older adults. METHODS: Participants were 8343 residents who completed baseline assessments, classified into four categories according to eGFR. Frailty status was defined using five criteria: (i) slow gait speed; (ii) muscle weakness; (iii) low physical activity; (iv) exhaustion; and (v) unintentional weight loss. RESULTS: After multivariate adjustment, participants with the lowest kidney function were at higher risk of frailty (OR 1...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052928/relationship-between-physical-activity-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-adults
#15
Songee Jung, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Masakazu Imaoka, Kazuhiro Harada, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to obtain data from 3191 community-dwelling older Japanese adults aged 70-95 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using self-reported scores on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15. PA was objectively measured using an accelerometer worn for a maximum of 40 days, and average daily durations of light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and step count were calculated...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052662/evaluation-of-online-learning-modules-for-improving-physical-activity-counseling-skills-practices-and-knowledge-of-oncology-nurses
#16
Kristina H Karvinen, Lynda Balneaves, Kerry S Courneya, Beth Perry, Tracy Truant, Jeff Vallance
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of online learning modules for improving physical activity counseling practices among oncology nurses. 
. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Online.
. SAMPLE: 54 oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Oncology nurses were randomly assigned to the learning modules group or control group. The learning modules group completed six online learning modules and quizzes focused on physical activity for cancer survivors, general physical activity principles, and motivational interviewing...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052651/activity-of-daily-living-on-non-working-and-working-days-in-polish-urban-society
#17
Katarzyna Wesolowska, Bozena Czarkowska-Paczek
OBJECTIVES: Activities of daily living are currently the simplest form of activity. For many people this is the only activity in which they participate. In this connection, it is important to determine the level of physical activity connected with daily habits including occupational activities. The main goal of the presented study has been to assess the level of activities of daily living in different age groups and its differentiation by season and working (WD) and non-working days (NWD)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052467/the-effect-of-level-of-injury-and-physical-activity-on-heart-rate-variability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Athanasios Kyriakides, Dimitrios Poulikakos, Angeliki Galata, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Elisabeth Chroni
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To assess frequency domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters at rest and in response to postural autonomic provocations in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate the autonomic influences on the heart of different physical activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Ten subjects with complete cervical SCI and fourteen subjects with complete low thoracic SCI were prospectively recruited from the community and further divided in sedentary and physically active groups, the latter defined as regular weekly 4 hour physical activity for the preceding 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052345/views-of-diverse-primary-care-patients-on-the-roles-of-healthcare-providers-and-staff-and-the-influence-of-other-variables-in-their-weight-management
#19
C M Tucker, J L Williams, G M Wippold, L A Bilello, T A Morrissette, A J Good, N R Shah, N E Rowland
The prevalence of overweight/obesity is disproportionately higher among racial/ethnic minority and low-income patients. The purpose of this study was to survey racially diverse, low-income patients regarding their experiences with and desires regarding their providers' involvement in weight management. Adult patients (N = 529), including mostly African American (42.7%), White (44.6%) and low-income (55.5% with incomes <$30 000) patients from 7 Patient-Centered Medical Homes voluntarily completed a brief anonymous survey while waiting to see their providers...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052239/three-part-joint-modeling-methods-for-complex-functional-data-mixed-with-zero-and-one-inflated-proportions-and-zero-inflated-continuous-outcomes-with-skewness
#20
Haocheng Li, John Staudenmayer, Tianying Wang, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Raymond J Carroll
We take a functional data approach to longitudinal studies with complex bivariate outcomes. This work is motivated by data from a physical activity study that measured 2 responses over time in 5-minute intervals. One response is the proportion of time active in each interval, a continuous proportions with excess zeros and ones. The other response, energy expenditure rate in the interval, is a continuous variable with excess zeros and skewness. This outcome is complex because there are 3 possible activity patterns in each interval (inactive, partially active, and completely active), and those patterns, which are observed, induce both nonrandom and random associations between the responses...
October 19, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
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