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"Physical activity" or "physical exercise"

Laurence S Freedman, Douglas Midthune, Lenore Arab, Ross L Prentice, Amy F Subar, Walter Willett, Marian L Neuhouser, Lesley F Tinker, Victor Kipnis
Improving estimates of individuals' dietary intakes is key to obtaining more reliable evidence for diet-health relationships from nutritional cohort studies. One approach to improvement is combining information from different self-report instruments. Previous work evaluated the gains obtained from combining information from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and multiple 24-hour recalls (24HRs), based on assuming that 24HRs provide unbiased measures of individual intakes. Here, we evaluate the same approach of combining instruments, but based on the better assumption that recovery biomarkers provide unbiased measures of individual intakes...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Holly Gwyther, Elzbieta Bobrowicz Campos, João Apóstolo, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
Interventions to minimise, reverse or prevent the progression of frailty in older adults represent a potentially viable route to improving quality of life and care needs in older adults. Intervention methods used across European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) collaborators were analysed, along with findings from literature reviews to determine "what works for whom in what circumstances". A realist review of FOCUS study literature reviews, 'real world' studies and grey literature was conducted according to RAMESES standards, and used to populate a framework analysis of theories of why frailty interventions worked, and theories of why frailty interventions did not work...
June 19, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Joyce P M Krekels, Paul W M Verhezen, Yvonne M C Henskens
Platelet aggregation can be measured using optical aggregation (light transmission aggregometry, LTA) as well as by impedance (Multiplate analyzer). The LTA (the gold standard method) can be influenced by many preanalytical variables. Several guidelines differ in recommendations for the duration patients should refrain from smoking, coffee, fatty meals, and physical exercise prior to blood collection for performing platelet function tests. In this pilot study, the influence of smoking, coffee, high-fat meal, or physical exercise on platelet aggregation was investigated to improve patient friendliness and laboratory logistics in platelet function diagnostics...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Bharathnag Nagappa, Pruthu Thekkur, Marie Gilbert Majella, Divya Nair, Gomathi Ramaswamy, Palanivel Chinnakali
Introduction: Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) among hypertensive patients leads to life-threatening complications, hospitalization, and premature mortality. Knowledge on the burden of uncontrolled BP and its correlates will help in devising strategies to achieve goal BP. We aimed to determine the proportion who have not achieved goal BP and its associated factors among hypertensive patients in a Primary Health Centre (PHC). Materials and Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among the hypertensive patients attending chronic disease clinic of PHC at Ramanathapuram, Puducherry...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Angelo Tremblay
The prevalence of overweight has substantially increased over the last decades despite the intent of health professionals and the general population to prevent this trend. Traditionally, this phenomenon has been attributed to unhealthy dietary macronutrient composition and/or to the decrease in physical activity participation. Beyond the influence of these factors, it is more than likely that other factors have influenced energy balance in a context of modernity. These include inadequate sleep, demanding cognitive effort, chemical pollution, and probably others which also have the potential to promote a positive energy balance but which are also part of the reality of success and productivity in a globalized world...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Jung Hwan Lee, Da Hea Seo, Min Jung Nam, Geon Hui Lee, Dong Hee Yang, Min Joo Lee, Ung-Rim Choi, Seongbin Hong
Background: Obesity and related metabolic disorders are growing health challenges worldwide and individuals at military service are not exceptions. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) in the Korean military and to compare with the general population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 4,803 young military participants who underwent a corporal health-screening program between October 2013 and October 2014...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Sawako Kato, Masahiko Ando, Takaaki Kondo, Yasuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Honda, Shoichi Maruyama
Modification of lifestyle habits, including diet and physical activity, is essential for the prevention and control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in elderly patients. However, individualized treatment is more critical for the elderly than for general patients. This study aimed to determine lifestyle interventions that resulted in lowering hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) in Japanese pre- and early diabetic elderly subjects. The BEST-LIFE trial is an ongoing, open-label, 6-month, randomized (1:1) parallel group trial...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Joan Dallinga, Mark Janssen, Jet van der Werf, Ruben Walravens, Steven Vos, Marije Deutekom
BACKGROUND: A large number of people participate in individual or unorganized sports on a recreational level. Furthermore, many participants drop out because of injury or lowered motivation. Potentially, physical activity-related apps could motivate people during sport participation and help them to follow and maintain a healthy active lifestyle. It remains unclear what the quality of running, cycling, and walking apps is and how it can be assessed. Quality of these apps was defined as having a positive influence on participation in recreational sports...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Kemi E Wright, Bonnie J Furzer, Melissa K Licari, Ashleigh L Thornton, James A Dimmock, Louise H Naylor, Siobhan L Reid, Stephanie R Kwan, Ben Jackson
Children with low movement proficiency have been identified as having poorer physiological and psychosocial outcomes; however, the varied measurement approaches used to assess these outcomes have varied resulting in conflicting evidence regarding the presence and magnitude of differences compared to Typically Developing (TD) children. Additionally, there has been limited research into the role of parental support for physical activity (PA) in this group. We compared children with varying levels of movement proficiency on physiological characteristics and self-perceptions regarding PA...
June 16, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Maria G Matias de Pinho, Eline Faber, Nicole den Braver, Rosa de Groot, Helene Charreire, Jean-Michel Oppert, Helga Bardos, Harry Rutter, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld
BACKGROUND: The availability of outdoor recreational facilities is associated with increased leisure-time physical activity (PA). We investigated how much of this association is attributable to selection effects, and explored whether usage of recreational facilities was an explanatory mechanism. METHODS: We analysed data from 5199 participants in the SPOTLIGHT survey residing in five European urban regions. Adults completed a survey and a Google Street View-based virtual audit was conducted to objectively measure the availability of outdoor recreational facilities in the residential neighbourhood...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Helen Richmond, Clare Lait, Cynthia Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Jane Moser, Meredith Newman, Lauren Betteley, Beth Fordham, Sophie Rees, Sarah E Lamb, Julie Bruce
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. There is some evidence to suggest that early postoperative exercise is safe and may improve shoulder function. We describe the development and delivery of a complex intervention for evaluation within a randomised controlled trial (RCT), designed to target prevention of musculoskeletal shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery (The Prevention of Shoulder Problems Trial; PROSPER). METHODS: A pragmatic, multicentre RCT to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of best practice usual care versus a physiotherapy-led exercise and behavioural support intervention in women at high risk of shoulder problems after breast cancer treatment...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Melanie Haith-Cooper, Catherine Waskett, Jane Montague, Maria Horne
BACKGROUND: Many asylum seekers have complex mental health needs which can be exacerbated by the challenging circumstances in which they live and difficulties accessing health services. Regular moderate physical activity can improve mental health and would be a useful strategy to achieve this. Evidence suggests there are barriers to engaging black and minority ethnic groups in physical activity, but there is little research around asylum seekers to address the key barriers and facilitators in this group...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
Fatemeh Bakouei, Seyed Jalil Seyedi-Andi, Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Soraya Khafri
The health-promoting behaviors form typically during adolescence and youth. This study was conducted to determine the status of the health-promoting behaviors in the students of Babol University of Medical Sciences and its predictors. This cross-sectional study was done on 350 students from April 2016 to July 2016. The applied questionnaires were health-promoting lifestyle profile II, general self-efficacy scale, and sociodemographic variables. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software by descriptive tests, one-way analysis of variance, and multivariable linear regression...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Antoni Colom, Miguel Fiol, Maurici Ruiz, Montserrat Compa, Marga Morey, Manuel Moñino, Dora Romaguera
Background : Regular physical activity is an important preventive factor of cardiovascular disease. Proximity and density of public open spaces are important modifying factors on the practice of physical activity. This article explores the cross-sectional relationship between access to public open spaces (POS) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in elderly participants at high cardiovascular risk from PREDIMED-Baleares. Method : 428 elderly subjects at high cardiovascular risk, participating in the PREDIMED trial, from Palma de Mallorca (Spain) were assessed using Geographic Information Systems, and access to POS was determined...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Katia Gallegos-Carrillo, Britni R Belcher, Genevieve F Dunton, Jonathan M Samet, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of migration status, nativity and country of residence on joint associations of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in anthropometric indicators of Mexicans and Mexican-Americans living in the US and in Mexico. METHODS: We examined data from two large national surveys, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from the US (NHANES, 2011⁻2012) and Mexico (ENSANUT, 2012). Using self-reported minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity and SB, we calculated four categories for analyses...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stefanie Braig, Jon Genuneit, Viola Walter, Stephanie Brandt, Martin Wabitsch, Lutz Goldbeck, Hermann Brenner, Dietrich Rothenbacher
Screen time is a central activity of children’s daily life and jeopardizes mental health. However, results appear inconclusive and are often based on small cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate the temporal sequence of the association between screen time and self-esteem taking into account further indirect effects through family or friendship relationship. In our population-based birth cohort study (baseline November 2000⁻November 2001, Ulm, Germany), these relationships were explored in n = 519 11- and 13-year-old children and their parents who both provided information on children’s screen time: time spent watching television or videos (TV), time spent on computers, video game consoles, mobile devices, or cell phones; so called “other screen time”, and children’s self-esteem (KINDL-R)...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jung-Min Lee, Wonwoo Byun, Alyssa Keill, Danae Dinkel, Yaewon Seo
Tracking physical activity and sleep patterns using wearable trackers has become a current trend. However, little information exists about the comparability of wearable trackers measuring sleep. This study examined the comparability of wearable trackers for estimating sleep measurement with a sleep diary (SD) for three full nights. A convenience sample of 78 adults were recruited in this research with a mean age of 27.6 ± 11.0 years. Comparisons between wearable trackers and sleep outcomes were analyzed using the mean absolute percentage errors, Pearson correlations, Bland⁻Altman Plots, and equivalent testing...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anders Due Kristensen, Mette Høj Lauridsen, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Troels S Jensen, Lone Nikolajsen
Background Chronic pain after surgical procedures in children has gained limited attention. Chronic thoracic pain after cardiac surgery is common, and has a significant impact on daily life in adults. The study aim was to investigate the prevalence and etiology of chronic pain after cardiac surgery via sternotomy in children. Methods The study included a prospective clinical examination with quantitative sensory testing 3 months after surgery, and a retrospective survey of children, who underwent cardiac surgery 10-60 months earlier...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
S Loving, J Nordling, P Jaszczak, T Thomsen
Background and purpose Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a debilitating condition among women with a major impact on health-related quality of life, work productivity and health care utilisation. The exact prevalence of chronic pelvic pain is not known, but 3.8% is commonly suggested. Musculoskeletal dysfunction is frequently cited as a possible aetiology. Physiotherapy is therefore recommended as one treatment modality. The aim of this systematic review was to source and critically evaluate the evidence for an effect of physiotherapy on pain, physical activity and quality of life in the treatment of female CPP...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Jarno Gauffin, Tiina Hankama, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Arkela-Kautiainen, Pekka Hannonen, Maija Haanpää
Background and purpose Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome, which affects up to 5% of the general population. The aetiology of FM is unclear. The lack of specific diagnostic laboratory tests or imaging options combined with the severe burden on both patients and society caused by the FM syndrome demands the development of valid instruments able to measure the current health status of the FM patients. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) is the most widely used of these instruments. Our objective was to translate the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into Finnish and evaluate its validity in Finnish speaking FM patients...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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