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Neonatology topic

Richard Auten, Clement Ren, Ozge Yilmaz, Terry L Noah
Pediatric Pulmonology continues to publish research and clinical topics related to the entire range of children's respiratory disorders. As we have done annually in recent years, we here summarize some of the past year's publications in our major topic areas, as well as selected literature in these areas from other core journals relevant to our discipline. This review (Part 2) covers selected articles on neonatology, asthma, physiology and lung function testing, and infectious diseases.
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
Julie A Damm, Birgitte Smith, Gorm Greisen, Karen A Krogfelt, Maja-Lisa Clausen, Tove Agner
Probiotic supplementation is a promising preventive strategy for atopic dermatitis (AD). To help clarifying the significance of timing with respect to prevention of AD, we here evaluate the benefit of prophylactic use of probiotic supplementation in neonates younger than 30 weeks of gestation. Preterm children from the Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Denmark from two different admission periods were included in a historically controlled cohort study. Neonates from January 2007 to February 2010, not treated with and neonates from March 2010 to February 2013 treated with probiotic were enrolled...
May 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
Mufiza Farid-Kapadia, Lisa Askie, Lisa Hartling, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Roger Soll, David Moher, Martin Offringa
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews are key tools to enable decision making by healthcare providers and policymakers. Despite the availability of the evidence based Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA-2009 and PRISMA-P 2015) statements that were developed to improve the transparency and quality of reporting of systematic reviews, uncertainty on how to deal with pediatric-specific methodological challenges of systematic reviews impairs decision-making in child health...
March 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Steven H Abman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pediatric pulmonary vascular disease contributes to morbidities and death in diverse clinical settings, ranging from idiopathic or heritable forms of pediatric arterial hypertension, congenital heart disease, developmental lung disorders, chronic lung disease, left heart disease, sickle cell disease, oncologic disease, and systemic disorders. Despite its impact on the clinical courses in so many diseases, information is limited on how to best approach the diagnosis and evaluation of pediatric pulmonary hypertension...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Thomas Pennaforte, Ahmed Moussa, Nathalie Loye, Bernard Charlin, Marie-Claude Audétat
BACKGROUND: Helping trainees develop appropriate clinical reasoning abilities is a challenging goal in an environment where clinical situations are marked by high levels of complexity and unpredictability. The benefit of simulation-based education to assess clinical reasoning skills has rarely been reported. More specifically, it is unclear if clinical reasoning is better acquired if the instructor's input occurs entirely after or is integrated during the scenario. Based on educational principles of the dual-process theory of clinical reasoning, a new simulation approach called simulation with iterative discussions (SID) is introduced...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Vijay Anand, David M Kwiatkowski, Nancy S Ghanayem, David M Axelrod, James DiNardo, Darren Klugman, Ganga Krishnamurthy, Stephanie Siehr, Daniel Stromberg, Andrew R Yates, Stephen J Roth, David S Cooper
The increase in pediatric cardiac surgical procedures and establishment of the practice of pediatric cardiac intensive care has created the need for physicians with advanced and specialized knowledge and training. Current training pathways to become a pediatric cardiac intensivist have a great deal of variability and have unique strengths and weaknesses with influences from critical care, cardiology, neonatology, anesthesiology, and cardiac surgery. Such variability has created much confusion among trainees looking to pursue a career in our specialized field...
January 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Beatrice E Lechner, Robin Shields, Richard Tucker, G Jesse Bender
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that a formal simulation curriculum prepares neonatology fellows for difficult conversations better than traditional didactics. METHODS: Single-center neonatology fellowship graduates from 1999 to 2013 were sent a retrospective web-based survey. Some had been exposed to a Difficult Conversations curriculum (simulation group), others had not (no simulation group). The simulation group participated in one workshop annually, consisting of lecture, simulation, and debriefing...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
F Castillo Salinas, D Elorza Fernández, A Gutiérrez Laso, J Moreno Hernando, G Bustos Lozano, M Gresa Muñoz, J López de Heredia Goya, M Aguar Carrascosa, X Miracle Echegoyen, J R Fernández Lorenzo, M M Serrano, A Concheiro Guisan, C Carrasco Carrasco, J J Comuñas Gómez, M T Moral Pumarega, A M Sánchez Torres, M L Franco
The recommendations included in this document will be part a series of updated reviews of the literature on respiratory support in the newborn infant. These recommendations are structured into twelve modules, and in this work module 7 is presented. Each module is the result of a consensus process including all members of the Surfactant and Respiratory Group of the Spanish Society of Neonatology. They represent a summary of the published papers on each specific topic, and of the clinical experience of each one of the members of the group...
November 2015: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2014: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Massimo Castagnola, Fabio Uda, Antonio Noto, Vassilios Fanos, Gavino Faa
Proteomics and metabolomics are emerging in recent years as one of the most challenging topics in neonatology. They are characterized by a large amount of data that reflect the complexity of all biological systems more accurately than traditional methods utilized in clinical chemistry. In this review paper we present the modifications of the salivary proteome, which represents an easy and non-invasive method that offers the opportunity to investigate changes in the metabolism of preterm infants and in pediatric patients...
October 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jeffrey Kluger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2014: Time
Karel Allegaert, John N van den Anker
Drug therapy is a powerful tool for improving neonatal outcome. Despite this, neonatologists still routinely prescribe off-label compounds developed for adults and extrapolate doses from those used for children or adults. Knowledge integration through pharmacokinetic modeling is a method that could improve the current situation. Such predictive models may convert neonatal pharmacotherapy from explorative to confirmatory. This can be illustrated by research projects related to the prediction of neonatal renal clearance and neonatal glucuronidation...
2014: Neonatology
D Singer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
T N K Raju, B M Mercer, D J Burchfield, G F Joseph
This is an executive summary of a workshop on the management and counseling issues of women anticipated to deliver at a periviable gestation (broadly defined as 20 0/7 through 25 6/7 weeks of gestation), and the treatment options for the newborn. Upon review of the available literature, the workshop panel noted that the rates of neonatal survival and neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors vary greatly across the periviable gestations and are significantly influenced by the obstetric and neonatal management practices (for example, antenatal steroid, tocolytic agents and antibiotic administration; cesarean birth; and local protocols for perinatal care, neonatal resuscitation and intensive care support)...
May 2014: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jacqueline M McGrath, Debra Brandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
W Lefkowitz, T C Jefferson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Daniele Trevisanuto, Irene Satariano, Nicoletta Doglioni, Giulio Criscoli, Francesco Cavallin, Camilla Gizzi, Claudio Martano, Fabrizio Ciralli, Flaminia Torielli, Paolo E Villani, Sandra Di Fabio, Lorenzo Quartulli, Luigi Giannini
AIM: To evaluate any geographical variations in practice and adherence to international guidelines for early delivery room management of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants in the North, Centre and South of Italy. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 107 directors of Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. RESULTS: There was a 92% (n = 98) response rate. A polyethylene bag/wrap was used by 54 centres (55.1%), with the highest rate in Northern Italy (77...
June 2014: Acta Paediatrica
Dana Meaney-Delman, Marianne E Zotti, Andreea A Creanga, Lara K Misegades, Etobssie Wako, Tracee A Treadwell, Nancy E Messonnier, Denise J Jamieson
In August 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in partnership with the Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs, convened a meeting of national subject matter experts to review key clinical elements of anthrax prevention and treatment for pregnant, postpartum, and lactating (P/PP/L) women. National experts in infectious disease, obstetrics, maternal fetal medicine, neonatology, pediatrics, and pharmacy attended the meeting, as did representatives from professional organizations and national, federal, state, and local agencies...
February 2014: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Marie Chevallier, Anne Ego, Christine Cans, Thierry Debillon
AIM: The objective of this study was to describe the French practice of hypothermia treatment (HT) in full-term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to analyze the deviations from the guidelines of the French Society of Neonatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2010 to March 2012 we recorded all cases of HIE treated by HT in a French national database. The population was divided into three groups, "optimal HT" (OHT), "late HT" (LHT) and "non-indicated" HT (NIHT), according to the guidelines...
2013: PloS One
Hardy-Thorsten Panknin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Kinderkrankenschwester: Organ der Sektion Kinderkrankenpflege
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