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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454350/mir-455-5p-functions-as-a-potential-oncogene-by-targeting-galectin-9-in-colon-cancer
#1
Qianqian Yang, Chen Hou, Da Huang, Chunbo Zhuang, Weichao Jiang, Zhi Geng, Xiaobei Wang, Lihua Hu
Although there is evidence that galectin-9 is a critical factor in health and disease, the upstream regulatory microRNA (miRNA or miR) of the protein remains poorly defined. miR-455-5p is characterized as a tumor-associated miRNA in cancer research. However, the actual role of miR-455-5p with respect to inhibiting or promoting tumorigenesis in colon cancer is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the expression, role and target regulation association of galectin-9 and miR-455-5p in colon cancer. Western blot analysis and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used for the detection of the expression levels of galectin-9 and miRNAs...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454323/microrna-29a-b-c-targets-inos-and-is-involved-in-protective-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-an-ischemia-reperfusion-rat-model-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Yun-Fei Duan, Dong-Lin Sun, Jing Chen, Feng Zhu, Yong An
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) protects against the injury that is incurred by ischemia and reperfusion (IR); however, the role of RIPC in liver IR injury in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unclear. In this study, a NAFLD rat model was utilized in a series of different surgical procedures and molecular experiments. Rats of the IR group and the RIPC+IR group exhibited more severe injury than NAFLD control rats (in which the liver was prodded following a median-incision laparotomy). The liver condition, measured by serum alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase levels, of the RIPC+IR group was better than that of the IR group...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453392/histamine-as-an-endothelium-derived-relaxing-factor-in-aged-mesenteric-lymphatic-vessels
#3
Irina Tsoy Nizamutdinova, Daisuke Maejima, Takashi Nagai, Cynthia J Meininger, Anatoliy A Gashev
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the mechanisms by which aging affects contracting lymphatic vessels remains incomplete; therefore, the functional role of histamine in the reaction of aged lymphatic vessels to increases in flow remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured and analyzed parameters of lymphatic contractility in isolated and pressurized rat mesenteric lymphatic vessels (MLVs) obtained from 9- and 24-month Fischer-344 rats under control conditions and after pharmacological blockade of nitric oxide (NO) by Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME, 100 μM) or/and blockade of histamine production by α-methyl-DL-histidine dihydrochloride (α-MHD, 10 μM)...
April 28, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453288/photothermal-transport-of-dna-in-entropy-landscape-plasmonic-waveguides
#4
Cameron L C Smith, Anil H Thilsted, Jonas N Pedersen, Tomas H Youngman, Julia C Dyrnum, Nicolai A Michaelsen, Rodolphe Marie, Anders Kristensen
The ability to handle single, free molecules in lab-on-a-chip systems is key to the development of advanced biotechnologies. Entropic confinement offers passive control of polymers in nanofluidic systems by locally asserting a molecule's number of available conformation states through structured landscapes. Separately, a range of plasmonic configurations have demonstrated active manipulation of nano-objects by harnessing concentrated electric fields. The integration of these two independent techniques promises a range of sophisticated and complementary functions to handle, for example, DNA, but numerous difficulties, in particular, conflicting requirements of channel size, have prevented progress...
April 28, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448993/the-long-non-coding-rna-xist-controls-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-by-modulating-mir-186-5p
#5
Haoyou Wang, Qiming Shen, Xin Zhang, Chunlu Yang, Su Cui, Yanbin Sun, Liming Wang, Xiaoxi Fan, Shun Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key players in the development and progression of human cancers. The lncRNA XIST (X-inactive specific transcript) has been shown to be upregulated in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, its role and molecular mechanisms in NSCLC cell progression remain unclear. METHODS: qRT-PCR was conducted to assess the expression of XIST and miR-186. Cell proliferation was detected using MTT assay. Cell invasion and migration were evaluated using transwell assay...
April 25, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448854/the-combined-use-of-analytical-tools-for-exploring-tetanus-toxin-and-tetanus-toxoid-structures
#6
Caroline Bayart, Sébastien Peronin, Elisa Jean, Joseph Paladino, Philippe Talaga, Marc Le Borgne
Aldehyde detoxification is a process used to convert toxin into toxoid for vaccine applications. In the case of tetanus toxin (TT), formaldehyde is used to obtain the tetanus toxoid (TTd), which is used either for the tetanus vaccine or as carrier protein in conjugate vaccines. Several studies have already been conducted to better understand the exact mechanism of this detoxification. Those studies led to the identification of a number of formaldehyde-induced modifications on lab scale TTd samples. To obtain greater insights of the changes induced by formaldehyde, we used three industrial TTd batches to identify repeatable modifications in the detoxification process...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448331/a-nurse-directed-model-for-nitrous-oxide-use-during-labor
#7
Toni Pinyan, Kelly Curlee, Mellanie Keever, Kathleen M Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide has a long history of use and has been well documented in the literature as a safe, effective, and inexpensive option for pain management in labor in other countries, but it is underused in the United States. LOCAL PROBLEM: Pain relief options for laboring women in rural community hospitals with a small perinatal service are limited due to lack of availability of in-house anesthesia coverage. METHOD: This quality improvement project involved development and implementation of a nurse-driven, self-administered, demand-flow nitrous oxide program as an option for pain relief for laboring women in a rural community hospital...
May 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448056/a-multi-hole-cryovial-eliminates-freezing-artifacts-when-muscle-tissues-are-directly-immersed-in-liquid-nitrogen
#8
Yizhong Huang, Maozhang He, Qingjie Zeng, Lin Li, Zhen Zhang, Junwu Ma, Yanyu Duan
Studies on skeletal muscle physiology face the technical challenge of appropriately processing the specimens to obtain sections with clearly visible cytoplasmic compartments. Another hurdle is the tight apposition of myofibers to the surrounding tissues. Because the process of tissue fixation and paraffin embedding leads to the shrinkage of muscle fibers, freezing is an optimal means of hardening muscle tissue for sectioning. However, a commonly encountered issue, the formation of ice crystals, occurs during the preparation of frozen sections because of the high water content of muscle...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448043/challenges-in-rheological-characterization-of-highly-concentrated-suspensions-a-case-study-for-screen-printing-silver-pastes
#9
Ceren Yüce, Norbert Willenbacher
A comprehensive rheological characterization of highly concentrated suspensions or pastes is mandatory for a targeted product development meeting the manifold requirements during processing and application of such complex fluids. In this investigation, measuring protocols for a conclusive assessment of different process relevant rheological parameters have been evaluated. This includes the determination of yield stress, viscosity, wall slip velocity, structural recovery after large deformation and elongation at break as well as tensile force during filament stretching...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448040/determination-of-high-affinity-antibody-antigen-binding-kinetics-using-four-biosensor-platforms
#10
Danlin Yang, Ajit Singh, Helen Wu, Rachel Kroe-Barrett
Label-free optical biosensors are powerful tools in drug discovery for the characterization of biomolecular interactions. In this study, we describe the use of four routinely used biosensor platforms in our laboratory to evaluate the binding affinity and kinetics of ten high-affinity monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against human proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9). While both Biacore T100 and ProteOn XPR36 are derived from the well-established Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) technology, the former has four flow cells connected by serial flow configuration, whereas the latter presents 36 reaction spots in parallel through an improvised 6 x 6 crisscross microfluidic channel configuration...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447882/development-of-novel-amisulpride-loaded-solid-self-nanoemulsifying-tablets-preparation-and-pharmacokinetic-evaluation-in-rabbits
#11
Wael Gamal, Rania H Fahmy, Magdy I Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: the current investigation is focused on the formulation and in-vivo evaluation of optimized solid-self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (S-SNEDDS) of amisulpride (AMS) for improving its oral dissolution and bioavailability. METHODS: liquid SNEDDS (L-SNEDDS) composed of Capryol™ 90 (oil), Cremophor® RH40 (surfactant) and Transcutol(®) HP (co-surfactant) were transformed to solid systems via physical adsorption onto magnesium aluminometasilicate (Neusilin US2)...
April 27, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447750/biological-effects-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-hepatitis-b-virus-in%C3%A2-vitro
#12
Wei-Ping Zheng, Bo-Ya Zhang, Zhong-Yang Shen, Ming-Li Yin, Yi Cao, Hong-Li Song
The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of co‑culturing bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) cultured with hepatitis B virus (HBV)‑infected lymphocytes in vitro. BM‑MSCs and lymphocytes from Brown Norway rats were obtained from the bone marrow and spleen, respectively. Rats were divided into the following five experimental groups: Group 1, splenic lymphocytes (SLCs); group 2, HepG2.2.15 cells; group 3, BM‑MSCs + HepG2.2.15 cells; group 4, SLCs + HepG2.2.15 cells; and group 5, SLCs + BM‑MSCs + HepG2...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447701/structural-and-morphological-transitions-in-extension-induced-crystallization-of-poly-1-butene-melt
#13
Zhen Wang, Jianzhu Ju, Lingpu Meng, Nan Tian, Jiarui Chang, Haoran Yang, Youxin Ji, Fengmei Su, Liangbin Li
Structural and morphological transitions of flow-induced crystallization (FIC) in poly(1-butene) (PB-1) melt have been studied by combining extensional rheology and in situ synchrotron radiation ultrafast wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering (WAXD/SAXS) measurements. Unexpectedly, metastable Form III is crystallized directly from the PB-1 melt by high-speed extension, which has a short lifetime of several tens of milliseconds and manifests the thermodynamic and kinetic competition among Form III, Form II and melt under flow...
April 27, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446541/nuclear-survivin-expression-correlates-with-endoglin-assessed-microvascularisation-in-laryngeal-carcinoma
#14
Gino Marioni, Giancarlo Ottaviano, Rosario Marchese-Ragona, Elena Fasanaro, Giulia Tealdo, Claudia Zanotti, Benedetto Randon, Luciano Giacomelli, Edoardo Stellini, Stella Blandamura
AIMS: Survivin-a member of the family of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins that control cell division, apoptosis and metastasis-is overexpressed in virtually all human cancers, including laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Recent findings also correlate survivin expression with the regulation of angiogenesis. The novel main aim of this study was a preliminary investigation into the potential role of survivin expression in LSCC neoangiogenesis, as determined by endoglin-assessed microvascular density (MVD)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445761/live-cell-super-resolution-reveals-f-actin-and-plasma-membrane-dynamics-at-the-t-cell-synapse
#15
George W Ashdown, Garth L Burn, David J Williamson, Elvis Pandžić, Ruby Peters, Michael Holden, Helge Ewers, Lin Shao, Paul W Wiseman, Dylan M Owen
The cortical actin cytoskeleton has been shown to be critical for the reorganization and heterogeneity of plasma membrane components of many cells, including T cells. Building on previous studies at the T cell immunological synapse, we quantitatively assess the structure and dynamics of this meshwork using live-cell superresolution fluorescence microscopy and spatio-temporal image correlation spectroscopy. We show for the first time, to our knowledge, that not only does the dense actin cortex flow in a retrograde fashion toward the synapse center, but the plasma membrane itself shows similar behavior...
April 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445635/synthesis-and-enhanced-corrosion-protection-performance-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanosheet-znal-layered-double-hydroxides-composite-film-by-hydrothermal-continuous-flow-method
#16
Xiaohu Luo, Song Yuan, Xinyu Pan, Caixia Zhang, Shuo Du, Yali Liu
Effective prevention of the water, oxygen, and chloride ions held in the hydrotalcite interlayer from diffusing through the layered double hydroxides ( LDH ) layer is crucial importance for its further practical application in the corrosion protection. In this study, a hybrid reduced graphene oxide ( RGO ) nanosheet /Zn2+/Al3+ layered double hydroxides ( RGO/ZnAl-LDH ) composite film with an excellent corrosion protection property on the 6N01 aluminum alloy surface was synthesized by a newly and facile hydrothermal continuous flow method,which can enable direct growth on the substrate...
April 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445461/tumour-ischaemia-by-interferon-%C3%AE-resembles-physiological-blood-vessel-regression
#17
Thomas Kammertoens, Christian Friese, Ainhoa Arina, Christian Idel, Dana Briesemeister, Michael Rothe, Andranik Ivanov, Anna Szymborska, Giannino Patone, Severine Kunz, Daniel Sommermeyer, Boris Engels, Matthias Leisegang, Ana Textor, Hans Joerg Fehling, Marcus Fruttiger, Michael Lohoff, Andreas Herrmann, Hua Yu, Ralph Weichselbaum, Wolfgang Uckert, Norbert Hübner, Holger Gerhardt, Dieter Beule, Hans Schreiber, Thomas Blankenstein
The relative contribution of the effector molecules produced by T cells to tumour rejection is unclear, but interferon-γ (IFNγ) is critical in most of the analysed models. Although IFNγ can impede tumour growth by acting directly on cancer cells, it must also act on the tumour stroma for effective rejection of large, established tumours. However, which stroma cells respond to IFNγ and by which mechanism IFNγ contributes to tumour rejection through stromal targeting have remained unknown. Here we use a model of IFNγ induction and an IFNγ-GFP fusion protein in large, vascularized tumours growing in mice that express the IFNγ receptor exclusively in defined cell types...
April 26, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444609/density-assessment-and-mapping-of-microorganisms-around-a-biocomposting-plant-in-sanandaj-iran
#18
Sanaz Rashidi, B Shahmoradi, Afshin Maleki, Kiomars Sharafi, Ebrahim Darvishi
Exposure to microorganisms can cause various diseases or exacerbate the excitatory responses, inflammation, dry cough and shortness of breath, reduced lung function, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and allergic response or allergic immune. The aim of the present study was to investigate the density of microorganisms around the air of processing facilities of a biocomposting plant. Each experiment was carried out according to ASTM E884-82 (2001) method. The samples were collected from inhaled air in four locations of the plant, which had a high traffic of workers and employees, including screen, conveyor belt, aerated compost pile, and static compost pile...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444136/asymmetrical-natural-hybridization-varies-among-hybrid-swarms-between-two-diploid-rhododendron-species
#19
Li-Jun Yan, Kevin S Burgess, Richard Milne, Chao-Nan Fu, De-Zhu Li, Lian-Ming Gao
Background and Aims: The extent to which hybridization leads to gene flow between plant species depends on the structure of hybrid populations. However, if this varies between locations, species barriers might prove permeable in some locations but not in others. To assess possible variation in hybrid population structure, the magnitude and direction of natural hybridization between two Chinese endemic species, Rhododendron spiciferum and Rhododendron spinuliferum , were evaluated. Methods: Thirteen nuclear microsatellite markers were employed to characterize 566 individuals collected from 15 non-allopatric populations and nine allopatric parental populations...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443874/inertial-migration-and-axial-control-of-deformable-capsules
#20
Christian Schaaf, Holger Stark
The mechanical deformability of single cells is an important indicator for various diseases such as cancer, blood diseases and inflammation. Lab-on-a-chip devices allow to separate such cells from healthy cells using hydrodynamic forces. We perform hydrodynamic simulations based on the lattice-Boltzmann method and study the behavior of an elastic capsule in a microfluidic channel flow in the inertial regime. While inertial lift forces drive the capsule away from the channel center, its deformability favors migration in the opposite direction...
April 26, 2017: Soft Matter
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