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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156793/methylation-of-microrna-129-5p-modulates-nucleus-pulposus-cell-autophagy-by-targeting-beclin-1-in-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#1
Kangcheng Zhao, Yukun Zhang, Liang Kang, Yu Song, Kun Wang, Shuai Li, Xinghuo Wu, Wenbin Hua, Zengwu Shao, Shuhua Yang, Cao Yang
MicroRNAs play an important role in the etiology and progression of many diseases, including intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). The miRNA miR-129-5P regulates autophagy in various cancers, but its role in human nucleus pulposus (NP) cells is unclear. The present study investigated whether miR-129-5p regulates the expression of Beclin-1 which is known to induce autophagy in NP cells by evaluating their levels in normal and degenerative disc tissues and human NP cells transfected with miR-129-5P mimic or inhibitor by quantitative real-time (qRT-)PCR, western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence analysis...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155934/controlled-flow-diversion-in-hybrid-venoarterial-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#2
Mehmet Cakici, Fatih Gumus, Evren Ozcinar, Cagdas Baran, Onat Bermede, Mustafa Bahadir Inan, Mustafa Serkan Durdu, Mustafa Sirlak, Ahmet Ruchan Akar
OBJECTIVES: Patients on venoarterial or venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support may require venoarterial-venous (VAV-ECMO) configuration during follow-up. We report 12 cases of VAV-ECMO with significant outflow steal. METHODS: Between October 2014 and November 2016, a total of 97 patients (56.6 ± 12.0 years; 59 men/38 women; body surface area 1.84 ± 0.36 m 2 ) were supported with venoarterial ECMO ( n  = 85) or venovenous ECMO ( n  = 12)...
August 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155793/metabolic-support-of-excised-living-brain-tissues-during-magnetic-resonance-microscopy-acquisition
#3
Jeremy J Flint, Kannan Menon, Brian Hansen, John Forder, Stephen J Blackband
This protocol describes the procedures necessary to support normal metabolic functions of acute brain slice preparations during the collection of magnetic resonance (MR) microscopy data. While it is possible to perform MR collections on living, excised mammalian tissue, such experiments have traditionally been constrained by resolution limits and are thus incapable of visualizing tissue microstructure. Conversely, MR protocols that did achieve microscopic image resolution required the use of fixed samples to accommodate the need for static, unchanging conditions over lengthy scan times...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155792/assessment-of-dictyostelium-discoideum-response-to-acute-mechanical-stimulation
#4
Yulia Artemenko, Peter N Devreotes
Chemotaxis, or migration up a gradient of a chemoattractant, is the best understood mode of directed migration. Studies using social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum revealed that a complex signal transduction network of parallel pathways amplifies the response to chemoattractants, and leads to biased actin polymerization and protrusion of a pseudopod in the direction of a gradient. In contrast, molecular mechanisms driving other types of directed migration, for example, due to exposure to shear flow or electric fields, are not known...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155776/differential-effects-of-lipid-lowering-drugs-in-modulating-morphology-of-cholesterol-particles
#5
Shanmugavel Madasamy, David Liu, Jason Lundry, Benjamin Alderete, Raymond Kong, J Paul Robinson, Alan H B Wu, Edward P Amento
Treatment of dyslipidemia patients with lipid-lowering drugs leads to a significant reduction in low-density lipoproteins (LDL) level and a low to moderate level of increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in plasma. However, a possible role of these drugs in altering morphology and distribution of cholesterol particles is poorly understood. Here, we describe the in vitro evaluation of lipid-lowering drug effects in modulating morphological features of cholesterol particles using the plaque array method in combination with imaging flow cytometry...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155740/creation-of-a-rodent-model-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-by-blocking-adventitial-vasa-vasorum-perfusion
#6
Hiroki Tanaka, Naoki Unno, Tatsuro Yata, Hirona Kugo, Nobuhiro Zaima, Takeshi Sasaki, Tetsumei Urano
The adventitial vasa vasorum (VV) provides oxygen and nourishment to the aortic wall. Hypoxia in the aortic wall can cause enlarged abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). This article introduces and describes a standard protocol used to induce AAAs through adventitial VV hypoperfusion created with a combination of polyurethane catheter insertion into the aortic lumen and suture ligation of the infrarenal abdominal aorta. The protocol involves the use of male rats weighing 300-400 g, which are provided food and water ad libitum...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154818/microrna-21-promotes-wound-healing-via-the-smad7-smad2-3-elastin-pathway
#7
Xiaoyan Li, Lijia Guo, Yitong Liu, Yingying Su, Yongmei Xie, Juan Du, Songling Wang, Hao Wang, Yi Liu
Wound healing is regulated by a complex network of cells, molecules, and cytokines, as well as microRNAs (miRNAs). miRNAs were confirmed to influence the wound healing process, and miR-21, an important member of the miRNA family, was also shown to regulate wound healing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-21 in the wound healing process and the possible underlying cell signaling pathways. We isolated GMSCs from WT and miR-21-KO mouse gingiva. Flow cytometric analysis and immunocytofluorescense staining were used to identify the GMSCs acquired from WT and miR-21-KO mice...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153954/mir-150-5p-regulates-egr2-to-promote-the-development-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-via-the-dc-th-axis
#8
Zuxia Ma, Yang Shen, Quan Zeng, Jie Liu, Li Yang, Ran Fu, Guohua Hu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Accumulating studies indicate that miR-150-5p might play a significant role in dendritic cells (DCs) of peripheral blood in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients. We sought to investigate the effects and mechanism of miR-150-5p, which regulates early growth response 2 (EGR2) to promote the development of CRS via the DC-Th axis. METHODS: The upregulated expression of miR-150-5p in DCs of CRS was assayed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and IL-17 cytokines in the supernatants of DC-naïve T cells co-cultures were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 15, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152726/autoantibodies-to-full-body-vascular-cell-junctions-colocalize-with-myzap-arvcf-desmoplakins-i-and-ii-and-p0071-in-endemic-pemphigus-in-colombia-south-america
#9
Ana M Abreu Velez, Hong Yi, Gunnar Warfvinge, Michael S Howard
BACKGROUND: We previously described a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in El Bagre, Colombia (El Bagre-EPF). METHODS: Here we aimed to investigate disease autoreactivity to vessels in all body organs/systems. We compared 57 patients and 57 controls from the endemic area, matched by demographics, age, sex, and work activity. We performed immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, confocal microscopy, immunoblotting, indirect immune electron microscopy studies, and autometallographic studies...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152567/scanning-wave-photopolymerization-enables-dye-free-alignment-patterning-of-liquid-crystals
#10
Kyohei Hisano, Miho Aizawa, Masaki Ishizu, Yosuke Kurata, Wataru Nakano, Norihisa Akamatsu, Christopher J Barrett, Atsushi Shishido
Hierarchical control of two-dimensional (2D) molecular alignment patterns over large areas is essential for designing high-functional organic materials and devices. However, even by the most powerful current methods, dye molecules that discolor and destabilize the materials need to be doped in, complicating the process. We present a dye-free alignment patterning technique, based on a scanning wave photopolymerization (SWaP) concept, that achieves a spatial light-triggered mass flow to direct molecular order using scanning light to propagate the wavefront...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152468/dual-mechanical-thrombectomy-for-recanalization-of-a-resistant-acute-posterior-circulation-stroke
#11
Ahmet Peker, Ayça Akgoz, Ethem Murat Arsava, Mehmet Akif Topçuoglu, Anil Arat
A 71-year-old man with acute basilar artery occlusion was referred for endovascular treatment 6 hours after the onset of stroke with a Glasgow Coma Score of 3 and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale of 27. A cerebral arteriogram revealed occlusion of the left vertebral artery proximally and thromboembolic occlusion of the basilar tip. Direct aspiration and mechanical thrombectomy with various stent retrievers failed to reconstitute arterial flow in the basilar artery. Thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 2b recanalization was achieved only after placement of double Catch Mini stent retrievers through 2 microcatheters, on both side branches of the basilar bifurcation in a kissing fashion and retrieving them simultaneously...
June 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152094/xenotransplantation-of-pediatric-low-grade-gliomas-confirms-the-enrichment-of-braf-v600e-mutation-and-preservation-of-cdkn2a-deletion-in-a-novel-orthotopic-xenograft-mouse-model-of-progressive-pleomorphic-xanthoastrocytoma
#12
Mari Kogiso, Lin Qi, Holly Lindsay, Yulun Huang, Xiumei Zhao, Zhigang Liu, Frank K Braun, Yuchen Du, Huiyuan Zhang, Goeun Bae, Sibo Zhao, Sarah G Injac, Mary Sobieski, David Brunell, Vidya Mehta, Diep Tran, Jeffrey Murray, Patricia A Baxter, Xiao-Jun Yuan, Jack M Su, Adekunle Adesina, Laszlo Perlaky, Murali Chintagumpala, D Williams Parsons, Ching C Lau, Clifford C Stephan, Xinyan Lu, Xiao-Nan Li
To identify cellular and molecular changes that driver pediatric low grade glioma (PLGG) progression, we analyzed putative cancer stem cells (CSCs) and evaluated key biological changes in a novel and progressive patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) mouse model. Flow cytometric analysis of 22 PLGGs detected CD133(+) (<1.5%) and CD15(+) (20.7 ± 28.9%) cells, and direct intra-cranial implantation of 25 PLGGs led to the development of 1 PDOX model from a grade II pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA). While CSC levels did not correlate with patient tumor progression, neurosphere formation and in vivo tumorigenicity, the PDOX model, IC-3635PXA, reproduced key histological features of the original tumor...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152030/yeast-cell-fractionation-by-morphology-in-dilute-ferrofluids
#13
Qi Chen, Di Li, Jessica Zielinski, Lukasz Kozubowski, Jianhan Lin, Maohua Wang, Xiangchun Xuan
Morphology is an important particle (both biological and synthetic) property and potentially a useful marker for label-free particle separation. We present in this work a continuous-flow morphology-based fractionation of a heterogeneous mixture of drug-treated yeast cells in dilute ferrofluids. Such a diamagnetic cell separation technique utilizes the negative magnetophoretic motion to direct pre-focused yeast cells to morphology-dependent streamlines in a laminar flow. The separation performance is evaluated by comparing the exiting positions of the four classified groups of yeast cells: Singles, Doubles, Triples, and Others...
November 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152028/a-fast-and-efficient-size-separation-method-for-haploid-embryonic-stem-cells
#14
Remo Freimann, Anton Wutz
Hemizygous mutations introduced in haploid genomes can directly expose a phenotype, thus facilitating gene function analysis and forward genetic screening. Recently, mammalian haploid cells could be derived from mouse, rat, monkey, and human embryos and have been applied to screens of cellular mechanisms including cell signaling, pathogen host factors, and developmental pathways. Notably, haploid cell cultures have an intrinsic tendency for diploidization and, thus, require periodic cell sorting. Here, we report a method for rapid purification of haploid mouse embryonic stem cells from mixed cell populations with high viability and yield...
September 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151968/lncrna-malat1-inhibits-apoptosis-and-promotes-invasion-by-antagonizing-mir-125b-in-bladder-cancer-cells
#15
Haibiao Xie, Xinhui Liao, Zhicong Chen, Yuan Fang, Anbang He, Yucheng Zhong, Qunjun Gao, Huizhong Xiao, Jianfa Li, Weiren Huang, Yuchen Liu
Accumulating evidences suggest that longnon-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play functional roles in development of different cancers, including cancer initiation and progression. Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(MALAT1) is a well-known lncRNA which was previously shown to be a direct target of miR-125b in bladder cancer (BCa) and to promote cancer progression and invasion. However, little is known whether MALAT1 can also target miR-125b. In the present study, using CRISPR-based technologies and qRT-PCR, we show that MALAT1 is capable of suppressing mature miR-125b and increasing the expression of its target genes (Bcl-2 and MMP-13), but has no effect on pri-miR-125b and pre-miR-125b...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151915/phloretin-induces-apoptosis-of-human-esophageal-cancer-via-a-mitochondria-dependent-pathway
#16
Hongtao Duan, Ruixuan Wang, Xiaolong Yan, Honggang Liu, Yong Zhang, Deguang Mu, Jing Han, Xiaofei Li
2,4,6-trihydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propiophenone (phloretin) is found in apple tree leaves and the Manchurian apricot, and is a potent compound that exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitumor activities. However, the effect of phloretin on esophageal cancer cells is not well-defined. The present study aimed to examine whether and how phloretin induced apoptosis in human esophageal cancer cells. EC-109 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium and incubated with 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 µg/ml phloretin for 6, 12, 24 and 48 h...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151817/microrna-214-3p-inhibits-proliferation-and-cell-cycle-progression-by-targeting-melk-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-correlates-cancer-prognosis
#17
Yue Li, You Li, Yao Chen, Qian Xie, Ningning Dong, Yanjun Gao, Huan Deng, Chunhua Lu, Suihai Wang
Background: MicroRNAs are considered as potential regulators in various biological pathways and contribute to the diagnosis and prognosis of cancers. MicroRNA-214-3p (miR-214-3p) was proved to be correlated with various cancers in recent studies. However, the biological functions of miR-214-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its association with the prognosis of HCC after liver transplantation are still unevaluated. Here we intended to elucidate the functional implication of miR-214-3p in regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis and its potential prediction of clinical prognosis of HCC patients...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150933/design-of-a-novel-continuous-flow-reactor-for-low-ph-viral-inactivation
#18
Stephanie A Parker, Linus Amarikwa, Kevin Vehar, Raquel Orozco, Scott Godfrey, Jon Coffman, Parviz Shamlou, Cameron L Bardliving
Insufficient mixing in laminar flow reactors due to diffusion-dominated flow limits their use in applications where narrow residence time distribution (RTD) is required. The aim of this study was to design and characterize a laminar flow (Re 187.7-375.5) tubular reactor for low pH viral inactivation with enhanced radial mixing via the incorporation of curvature and flow inversions. Towards this aim, the reactor described here, Jig in a Box (JIB), was designed with a flow path consisting of alternating 270° degree turns...
November 18, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150077/unique-arginine-array-improves-cytosolic-localization-of-hydrocarbon-stapled-peptides
#19
Kim Quach, Jonathan LaRochelle, Xiao-Han Li, Elizabeth Rhoades, Alanna Schepartz
We have previously reported that miniature proteins containing a distinct array of 5 arginine residues on a folded α-helix - a penta-arg motif - traffic with high efficiency from endosomes into the cytosol and nucleus of mammalian cells. Here we evaluate whether a penta-arg motif can improve the intracellular trafficking of an otherwise impermeant hydrocarbon-stapled peptide, SAH-p53-4(Rho). We prepared a panel of SAH-p53-4(Rho) variants containing penta-arg sequences with different spacings and axial arrangement and evaluated their overall uptake (as judged by flow cytometry) and their intracellular access (as determined by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, FCS)...
November 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149986/effects-of-cyclosporine-tacrolimus-and-rapamycin-on-osteoblasts
#20
M Martín-Fernández, M Rubert, M Montero, C de la Piedra
PURPOSE: One factor that can contribute to severe bone loss after transplantation is the direct action of immunosuppressants on bone cells. The aim of this work was to study the effects of cyclosporine (CsA), tacrolimus (FK-506), and rapamycin (RAPA) on the release of three local factors directly implicated in bone-remodeling regulation and apoptosis of human osteoblasts: interleukin (IL)-6, osteoprotegerin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κβ (RANKL). BASIC PROCEDURES: Human osteoblasts were obtained from five different patients who underwent orthopedic surgery...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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