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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154465/the-role-of-immunological-testing-and-intervention-in-reproductive-medicine-a-fertile-collaboration
#1
REVIEW
Syed B Ali, Yogesh Jeelall, Craig E Pennell, Roger Hart, Andrew McLean-Tooke, Michaela Lucas
Advances in reproductive medicine have significantly increased the success of fertility treatments. Nevertheless, some women experience recurrent implantation failure (RIF) after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Imbalances in the immune system and failure to achieve immune tolerance to the foetus have been implicated as potentially modifiable causes of idiopathic RIF and RPL. As such, women are increasingly being treated with immunomodulatory agents in an attempt to achieve a successful pregnancy...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151229/effects-of-female-sex-steroids-administration-on-pathophysiologic-mechanisms-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Khaksari, Zahra Soltani, Nader Shahrokhi
Secondary brain damage following initial brain damage in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of adverse outcomes. There are many gaps in TBI research and a lack of therapy to limit debilitating outcomes in TBI or enhance the neurogenesis, despite pre-clinical and clinical research performed in TBI. Females show harmful outcomes against brain damage including TBI less than males, independent of different TBI occurrence. A significant reduction in secondary brain damage and improvement in neurologic outcome post-TBI has been reported following the use of progesterone and estrogen in many experimental studies...
November 19, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#3
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150170/evaluating-the-content-and-development-of-decision-aid-tools-for-the-management-of-menopause-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Tasneem Siyam, Humirah Sultani, Sue Ross, Trish Chatterley, Nese Yuksel
OBJECTIVE: Decision-making during menopause (especially surgical menopause) can be complex given the variability in risk-benefit perceptions of menopausal treatments. Decision aid tools (DATs) help women participate in decision-making about options. Our objective is to identify and evaluate the content and development of DATs for managing menopause, with a special focus on surgical menopause. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases, including MEDLINE and EMBASE, from inception to March 2017 for relevant records...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150108/economy-class-syndrome-what-is-it-and-who-are-the-individuals-at-risk
#5
Luci Maria SantAna Dusse, Marcos Vinícius Ferreira Silva, Letícia Gonçalves Freitas, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Maria das Graças Carvalho
The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149179/postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-risk-of-stroke-a-pooled-analysis-of-data-from-population-based-cohort-studies
#6
Germán D Carrasquilla, Paolo Frumento, Anita Berglund, Christer Borgfeldt, Matteo Bottai, Chiara Chiavenna, Mats Eliasson, Gunnar Engström, Göran Hallmans, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Patrik K Magnusson, Peter M Nilsson, Nancy L Pedersen, Alicja Wolk, Karin Leander
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates a favourable influence of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) if initiated early, but not late, on subclinical atherosclerosis. However, the clinical relevance of timing of HT initiation for hard end points such as stroke remains to be determined. Further, no previous research has considered the timing of initiation of HT in relation to haemorrhagic stroke risk. The importance of the route of administration, type, active ingredient, and duration of HT for stroke risk is also unclear...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146657/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-sleeve-device-endobarrier-compared-with-standard-medical-therapy-for-the-management-of-obese-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Michael Alan Glaysher, Aruchuna Mohanaruban, Christina Gabriele Prechtl, Anthony P Goldstone, Alexander Dimitri Miras, Joanne Lord, Navpreet Chhina, Emanuela Falaschetti, Nicholas Andrew Johnson, Werd Al-Najim, Claire Smith, Jia V Li, Mayank Patel, Ahmed R Ahmed, Michael Moore, Neil Poulter, Stephen Bloom, Ara Darzi, Carel Le Roux, James P Byrne, Julian P Teare
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), is increasing. Exclusion of the foregut, as occurs in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, has a key role in the metabolic improvements that occur following bariatric surgery, which are independent of weight loss. Endoscopically placed duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve devices, such as the EndoBarrier (GI Dynamics, Lexington, Massachusetts, USA), have been designed to create an impermeable barrier between chyme exiting the stomach and the mucosa of the duodenum and proximal jejunum...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131127/pleiotropic-effects-of-white-willow-bark-and-1-2-decanediol-on-human-adult-keratinocytes
#8
Eleonora Bassino, Franco Gasparri, Luca Munaron
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common skin defect, usually occurring during adolescence, but often it can persist in adults leaving permanent face scarring. Acne is usually treated with topical drugs, oral antibiotics, retinoids, and hormonal therapies, but medicinal plants are increasingly employed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective role of white willow bark (WWB) and 1,2-decanediol (DD) on the damage caused by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on human adult keratinocytes (HaCaT)...
November 8, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109964/immunotherapy-as-a-promising-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Marlena Janiczek, Łukasz Szylberg, Anna Kasperska, Adam Kowalewski, Martyna Parol, Paulina Antosik, Barbara Radecka, Andrzej Marszałek
Prostate cancer treatment is currently based on surgical removal, radiotherapy, and hormone therapy. In recent years, another therapeutic method has emerged-immunological treatment. Immunotherapy modulates and strengthens one's immune responses against cancer. Neoplastic cells naturally escape from the control of the immune system, and the main goal of immune therapy is to bring the control back. Satisfying outcomes after treatment of advanced melanoma and lung cancer suggest a great potential of immunotherapy as an approach for other tumors' treatment, especially in patients primarily introduced to palliative care...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097389/duration-of-reproductive-life-span-age-at-menarche-and-age-at-menopause-are-associated-with-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-women
#10
Sylvia H Ley, Yanping Li, Deirdre K Tobias, JoAnn E Manson, Bernard Rosner, Frank B Hu, Kathryn M Rexrode
BACKGROUND: Although the timing of menarche and menopause may be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), the entire reproductive life span has not been considered comprehensively as risk for CVD. We investigate the associations of reproductive life span duration and ages at menarche and menopause, induced by natural means or surgical bilateral oophorectomy, with incident CVD in women. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective cohort study of 73 814 Nurses' Health Study following participants without CVD, defined as incident coronary heart disease or stroke, from 1980 through 2012...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096893/therapeutic-use-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-agonists-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-endocrine-therapy-resistant-breast-cancers-observations-from-preclinical-models
#11
Kumaraguruparan Ramasamy, Cathy Samayoa, Naveen Krishnegowda, Rajeshwar R Tekmal
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. The majority of breast cancers express estrogen receptor (ER)α, and endocrine therapy is the primary therapeutic approach to treat ER positive breast cancers. However, developing resistance and side effects are common events of these therapeutic strategies. Recent studies have evaluated the role of ERs sub types and demonstrated that ERα is a tumorigenic and ERβ functions as a tumor suppressor. In recent years, preclinical studies focused on the use of natural and synthetic ERβ agonists to treat wide varieties of cancers, including breast cancer...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095280/primary-hypothyroidism-and-isolated-acth-deficiency-induced-by-nivolumab-therapy-case-report-and-review
#12
REVIEW
Mei Fang Zeng, Li Chen, Hong Ying Ye, Wei Gong, Li Nuo Zhou, Yi Ming Li, Xiao Long Zhao
RATIONALE: Nivolumab is a monoclonal IgG antibody blocking programmed death receptor-1 (PD1), leading to restoration of the natural T-cell-mediated immune response against the cancer cells. However, it also causes plenty of autoimmune-related adverse events, which often involves endocrine system. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 54-year-old male with renal clear cell carcinoma was treated with nivolumab intravenously. Routine monitoring showed elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone and low free thyroxine after the 6th administration of nivolumab...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093615/less-common-etiologies-of-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency
#13
REVIEW
Vikesh K Singh, Mark E Haupt, David E Geller, Jerry A Hall, Pedro M Quintana Diez
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), an important cause of maldigestion and malabsorption, results from primary pancreatic diseases or secondarily impaired exocrine pancreatic function. Besides cystic fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis, the most common etiologies of EPI, other causes of EPI include unresectable pancreatic cancer, metabolic diseases (diabetes); impaired hormonal stimulation of exocrine pancreatic secretion by cholecystokinin (CCK); celiac or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) due to loss of intestinal brush border proteins; and gastrointestinal surgery (asynchrony between motor and secretory functions, impaired enteropancreatic feedback, and inadequate mixing of pancreatic secretions with food)...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081037/progesterone-only-contraception-is-associated-with-a-shorter-progression-free-survival-in-premenopausal-women-with-who-grade-i-meningioma
#14
Tessa A Harland, Jacob L Freeman, Monica Davern, D Jay McCracken, Emma C Celano, Kevin Lillehei, Jeffrey J Olson, D Ryan Ormond
The hormonally active nature of intracranial meningioma has prompted research examining the risk of tumorigenesis in patients using hormonal contraception. Studies exploring estrogen-only and estrogen/progesterone combination contraceptives have failed to demonstrate a consistent increased risk of meningioma. By contrast, the few trials examining progesterone-only contraceptives have shown higher odds ratios for risk of meningioma. With progesterone-only contraception on the rise, the risk of tumor recurrence with these specific medications warrants closer study...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072386/-genetic-disorders-of-renal-phosphate-handling
#15
REVIEW
Daniella Magen
Hereditary disorders of renal phosphate handling comprise a diverse group of genetic diseases, usually characterized by excessive urinary phosphate wasting and a negative phosphate balance. In the minority of cases, perturbations of renal phosphate handling are associated with excessive urinary phosphate reabsorption, leading to pathological hyperphosphatemia. Inorganic phosphate is an essential mineral in the human body, playing a crucial role in cellular metabolism and skeletal mineralization. Whole body phosphate balance is maintained by a highly controlled equilibrium between intestinal uptake, skeletal deposition and renal excretion...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067142/intermittent-96-hour-auricular-electroacupuncture-for-hot-flashes-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-pilot-study
#16
Tyvin Rich, Gerald W Porter, Luisel Ricks-Santi, Tzvi Milshtein, Thomas Corbin
Objective: The hot flash is a common vasomotor disorder that causes distress in menopausal women and that can be debilitating in men with prostate cancer who are treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The utility of auricular electroacupuncture (AEA) was tested exclusively for a small cohort of men with ADT-induced vasomotor symptoms while the men underwent a course of curative radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Prior to and during radiotherapy treatment, men with vasomotor symptoms were given repeated questionnaires regarding severity and frequency of hot flashes, quality of life (QoL), and sleep over a 6-week span of an AEA protocol...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064321/metabolic-syndrome-in-menopause-and-associated-factors-a-meta-analysis
#17
D Pu, R Tan, Q Yu, J Wu
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Menopause is associated with an increased risk for MetS. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to better understand the relationship between MetS and menopause. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for all the associated articles on (1) MetS components in postmenopausal women vs. premenopausal women, (2) comparison of MetS incidence between surgical menopause and natural menopause, (3) the effect of hormone therapy (HT) with 17β-estradiol (E2) compared to conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) on MetS components among postmenopausal women...
October 24, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063799/genistein-mechanisms-of-action-for-a-pleiotropic-neuroprotective-agent-in-stroke
#18
Derek A Schreihofer, Anthony Oppong-Gyebi
Genistein is a plant estrogen promoted as an alternative to post-menopausal hormone therapy because of a good safety profile and its promotion as a natural product. Several preclinical studies of cerebral ischemia and other models of brain injury support a beneficial role for genistein in protecting the brain from injury whether administered chronically or acutely. Like estrogen, genistein is a pleiotropic molecule that engages several different mechanisms to enhance brain health, including reduction of oxidative stress, promotion of growth factor signaling, and immune suppression...
October 24, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055288/osteoinductive-effects-of-cyplexinol-in-the-management-of-osteoporosis-a-case-series
#19
Daniel Tripodi
Aims • A case study was conducted on a subject with a history of documented bone loss and the observed outcome of bone mineral density (BMD) changes when utilizing supplementation with Cyplexinol, a natural bone morphogenetic protein complex. Method and Results • A case of osteoporosis was reviewed with pertinent medical history and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry history described both pre- and postsupplementation. Results demonstrated a significant change in bone density parameter for the individual when the bone support supplement, Cyplexinol, was used...
October 21, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055286/in-defense-of-progesterone-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Allan Lieberman, Luke Curtis
Context • The medical literature on the use of progesterone in postmenopausal women is often confusing and contradictory. Some physicians implicate natural progesterone in an increase in the risk of breast cancer. The chemical structure of natural progesterone (P4) is quite different from chemically altered, synthetic chemicals called progestins, which results in different actions at the cell level. Objective • The research team intended to review the literature to examine the benefits and safety of natural progesterone and determine whether it can cause an increase or decrease in breast cancer risk...
October 21, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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