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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913360/real-time-decentralized-neural-control-via-backstepping-for-a-robotic-arm-powered-by-industrial-servomotors
#1
Luis A Vazquez, Francisco Jurado, Carlos E Castaneda, Victor Santibanez
This paper presents a continuous-time decentralized neural control scheme for trajectory tracking of a two degrees of freedom direct drive vertical robotic arm. A decentralized recurrent high-order neural network (RHONN) structure is proposed to identify online, in a series-parallel configuration and using the filtered error learning law, the dynamics of the plant. Based on the RHONN subsystems, a local neural controller is derived via backstepping approach. The effectiveness of the decentralized neural controller is validated on a robotic arm platform, of our own design and unknown parameters, which uses industrial servomotors to drive the joints...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912027/contribution-of-lianas-to-plant-area-index-and-canopy-structure-in-a-panamanian-forest
#2
M Elizabeth Rodríguez-Ronderos, Gil Bohrer, Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Jennifer S Powers, Stefan A Schnitzer
Lianas are an important component of tropical forests, where they reduce tree growth, fecundity, and survival. Competition for light from lianas may be intense; however, the amount of light that lianas intercept is poorly understood. We used a large-scale liana-removal experiment to quantify light interception by lianas in a Panamanian secondary forest. We measured the change in plant area index (PAI) and forest structure before and after cutting lianas (for 4 yr) in eight 80 m × 80 m plots and eight control plots (16 plots total)...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910164/hplc-uv-and-lc-ms-analyses-of-acylquinic-acids-in-geigeria-alata-dc-oliv-hiern-and-their-contribution-to-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-capacity
#3
Dimitrina Zheleva-Dimitrova, Reneta Gevrenova, Maya M Zaharieva, Hristo Najdenski, Silviya Ruseva, Valentin Lozanov, Vessela Balabanova, Sakina Yagi, Georgi Momekov, Vanio Mitev
INTRODUCTION: Geigeria alata is a traditional plant used in Sudanese folk medicine for treatment of diabetes, cough, epilepsy and intestinal complaints. OBJECTIVE: To analyze phenolic acids in Geigeria alata roots and leaves and to evaluate their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. METHODOLOGY: Phenolic acids in the aqueous-methanol extracts were identified by LC-MS. Major compounds were isolated using low-pressure liquid chromatography...
December 1, 2016: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895664/application-of-genomic-technologies-to-the-breeding-of-trees
#4
REVIEW
Maria L Badenes, Angel Fernández I Martí, Gabino Ríos, María J Rubio-Cabetas
The recent introduction of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies represents a major revolution in providing new tools for identifying the genes and/or genomic intervals controlling important traits for selection in breeding programs. In perennial fruit trees with long generation times and large sizes of adult plants, the impact of these techniques is even more important. High-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have provided complete annotated sequences in many important tree species. Most of the high-throughput genotyping platforms described are being used for studies of genetic diversity and population structure...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886986/decontamination-and-recovery-of-a-nuclear-facility-to-allow-continued-operation
#5
Josh Cavaghan
A power supply failure caused a loss of power to key ventilation systems in an operating nuclear facility. The in-cell depression was lost, which led to an egress of activity through prepared areas and into the normal operating areas. After an initial programme of radiological monitoring to quantify and categorise the activity in the operating areas, a plan was developed for the decontamination and remediation of the plant. The scope of the recovery plan was substantial and featured several key stages. The contamination was almost entirely (137)Cs, reflecting the α:β/γ ratio for the facility...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877186/selection-of-reference-genes-for-rt-qpcr-analysis-in-coccinella-septempunctata-to-assess-un-intended-effects-of-rnai-transgenic-plants
#6
Chunxiao Yang, Evan L Preisser, Hongjun Zhang, Yong Liu, Liangying Dai, Huipeng Pan, Xuguo Zhou
The development of genetically engineered plants that employ RNA interference (RNAi) to suppress invertebrate pests opens up new avenues for insect control. While this biotechnology shows tremendous promise, the potential for both non-target and off-target impacts, which likely manifest via altered mRNA expression in the exposed organisms, remains a major concern. One powerful tool for the analysis of these un-intended effects is reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, a technique for quantifying gene expression using a suite of reference genes for normalization...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876335/globularia-alypum-methanolic-extract-improves-burn-wound-healing-process-and-inflammation-in-rats-and-possesses-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-activities
#7
Zohra Ghlissi, Rim Kallel, Assaad Sila, Bahira Harrabi, Rim Atheymen, Khaled Zeghal, Ali Bougatef, Zouheir Sahnoun
Burns are known as one of the most common and destructive forms of injury with a vast spectrum of consequences. Despite the discovery of various antibacterial and antiseptic agents, burn wound healing still has remained a challenge to modern medicine. Plants have been considered as potential agents for prevention and treatment of disorders in recent years. Globularia alypum L. (GA) is widely used in folk medicine against skin diseases and abscesses, however there is no scientific evidence justifying its use...
November 19, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874281/the-therapeutic-potential-of-plant-flavonoids-on-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Samuel D Hughes, Natkunam Ketheesan, Nagaraja Haleagrahara
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune condition that mainly affects peripheral joints. Although immunosuppressive drugs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to treat this condition, these drugs have severe side effects. Flavonoids are the most abundant phenolic compounds which exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. Many bioactive flavonoids have powerful anti-inflammatory effects. However, a very few have reached clinical use. Dietary flavonoids have been reported to control joint inflammation and alleviate arthritis symptoms in both human RA and animal models of arthritis...
November 22, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867393/melatonin-application-to-pisum-sativum-l-seeds-positively-influences-the-function-of-the-photosynthetic-apparatus-in-growing-seedlings-during-paraquat-induced-oxidative-stress
#9
Katarzyna Szafrańska, Russel J Reiter, Małgorzata M Posmyk
Melatonin, due to its pleiotropic effects plays an important role improving tolerance to stresses. Plants increase endogenous melatonin synthesis when faced with harsh environments as well as exogenously applied melatonin limits stress injuries. Presented work demonstrated that single melatonin application into the seeds during pre-sowing priming improved oxidative stress tolerance of growing seedlings exposed to paraquat (PQ). PQ is a powerful herbicide which blocks the process of photosynthesis under light conditions due to free radicals excess production, when O2 is rapidly converted to [Formula: see text] and subsequently to other reactive oxygen species...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864130/role-of-macrophyte-and-effect-of-supplementary-aeration-in-up-flow-constructed-wetland-microbial-fuel-cell-for-simultaneous-wastewater-treatment-and-energy-recovery
#10
Yoong-Ling Oon, Soon-An Ong, Li-Ngee Ho, Yee-Shian Wong, Farrah Aini Dahalan, Yoong-Sin Oon, Harvinder Kaur Lehl, Wei-Eng Thung, Noradiba Nordin
This study investigates the role of plant (Elodea nuttallii) and effect of supplementary aeration on wastewater treatment and bioelectricity generation in an up-flow constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell (UFCW-MFC). Aeration rates were varied from 1900 to 0mL/min and a control reactor was operated without supplementary aeration. 600mL/min was the optimum aeration flow rate to achieve highest energy recovery as the oxygen was sufficient to use as terminal electron acceptor for electrical current generation...
November 3, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846728/the-mice-facility-a-new-tool-to-study-plant-soil-c-cycling-with-a-holistic-approach
#11
Mirjam S Studer, Roland Künzli, Reto Maier, Michael W I Schmidt, Rolf T W Siegwolf, Ivan Woodhatch, Samuel Abiven
Plant-soil interactions are recognized to play a crucial role in the ecosystem response to climate change. We developed a facility to disentangle the complex interactions behind the plant-soil C feedback mechanisms. The MICE ('Multi-Isotope labelling in a Controlled Environment') facility consists of two climate chambers with independent control of the atmospheric conditions (light, CO2, temperature, humidity) and the soil environment (temperature, moisture). Each chamber holds 15 plant-soil systems with hermetical separation of the shared above ground (shoots) from the individual belowground compartments (roots, rhizosphere, soil)...
November 15, 2016: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833809/mathematical-models-are-a-powerful-method-to-understand-and-control-the-spread-of-huanglongbing
#12
Rachel A Taylor, Erin A Mordecai, Christopher A Gilligan, Jason R Rohr, Leah R Johnson
Huanglongbing (HLB), or citrus greening, is a global citrus disease occurring in almost all citrus growing regions. It causes substantial economic burdens to individual growers, citrus industries and governments. Successful management strategies to reduce disease burden are desperately needed but with so many possible interventions and combinations thereof it is difficult to know which are worthwhile or cost-effective. We review how mathematical models have yielded useful insights into controlling disease spread for other vector-borne plant diseases, and the small number of mathematical models of HLB...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825326/the-effect-of-a-behavioral-activation-program-on-improving-mental-and-physical-health-complaints-associated-with-radiation-stress-among-mothers-in-fukushima-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kotaro Imamura, Yuki Sekiya, Yumi Asai, Maki Umeda, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Mothers living with small children in Fukushima prefecture may experience radiation anxiety and related symptoms after the Fukushima Dai'ich Nuclear Power Plant Accident. A behavioral activation (BA) program was developed to improve their psychosomatic symptoms. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effectiveness of a BA program for improving psychological distress and physical symptoms among mothers with preschool children in Fukushima-prefecture 3 years after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817885/spatial-risk-assessment-and-trace-element-concentration-in-reef-associated-sediments-of-van-island-southern-part-of-the-gulf-of-mannar-india
#14
S Krishnakumar, S Ramasamy, N Chandrasekar, T Simon Peter, Prince S Godson, V Gopal, N S Magesh
Forty eight surface sediment samples were collected from the vicinity of Van Island in order to assess the sediment pollution level and potential ecological risk on coral reef ecosystem. The analytical and correlation results indicate a distribution of elements is chiefly controlled by the CaCO3 and OM. The enrichment factor and geoaccumulation index show the elevated level of Pb in the surface sediments is due to application of lead petrol and coal incinerating power plants. The sediment pollution index reveals that majority of the sediments falling under highly polluted sediment category (35...
November 3, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815853/simulation-of-arsenic-retention-in-constructed-wetlands
#15
M C Valles-Aragón, M T Alarcón-Herrera, E Llorens, J Obradors-Prats, A Leyva
The software RCB-arsenic was developed previously to simulate the metalloid behavior in a constructed wetland (CW). The model simulates water flow and reactive transport by contemplating the major processes of arsenic (As) retention inside of CW. The objective of this study was to validate the RCB-arsenic model by simulating the behavior of horizontal flow CW for As removal from water. The model validation was made using data from a 122-day experiment. Two CWs prototypes were used: one planted with Eleocharis macrostachya (CW_planted) and another one unplanted (CW_unplanted) as a control...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815003/an-assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-long-term-ecosystem-restoration-project-in-a-fynbos-shrubland-catchment-in-south-africa
#16
Jennifer M Fill, Greg G Forsyth, Suzaan Kritzinger-Klopper, David C Le Maitre, Brian W van Wilgen
The long-term effectiveness of ecological restoration projects is seldom reported in the scientific literature. This paper reports on the outcomes of ecosystem restoration following the clearing of alien Pinus plantations and associated alien plant invasions over 13 years from an 8000 ha mountain catchment in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. We examined the goals, methods and costs of management, and the ecological outcomes in terms of reduced alien plant cover and native vegetation recovery. While the goals were not explicitly formulated at the outset, they were implicitly focussed on the conservation of water resources, the restoration of biodiversity, and the provision of employment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809820/effect-of-root-extracts-of-ficus-benghalensis-banyan-in-memory-anxiety-muscle-co-ordination-and-seizure-in-animal-models
#17
Dipesh Raj Panday, G P Rauniar
BACKGROUND: Ficus benghalensis L. (Banyan) is a commonly found tree in Eastern Nepal. Its different plant parts are used for various neurological ailments. This study was performed in mice to see its effects in various neuropharmacological parameters. METHODS: Passive-avoidance (memory), Open-field (anxiety), Pentobarbital-induced Sleep potentiation (sleep), Rota-rod (muscle-co-ordination), Pentylenetetrazol-Induced and Maximal Electroshock Seizure Tests were performed...
November 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809272/modelling-of-xco%C3%A2-surfaces-based-on-flight-tests-of-tansat-instruments
#18
Li Li Zhang, Tian Xiang Yue, John P Wilson, Ding Yi Wang, Na Zhao, Yu Liu, Dong Dong Liu, Zheng Ping Du, Yi Fu Wang, Chao Lin, Yu Quan Zheng, Jian Hong Guo
The TanSat carbon satellite is to be launched at the end of 2016. In order to verify the performance of its instruments, a flight test of TanSat instruments was conducted in Jilin Province in September, 2015. The flight test area covered a total area of about 11,000 km² and the underlying surface cover included several lakes, forest land, grassland, wetland, farmland, a thermal power plant and numerous cities and villages. We modeled the column-average dry-air mole fraction of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO₂) surface based on flight test data which measured the near- and short-wave infrared (NIR) reflected solar radiation in the absorption bands at around 760 and 1610 nm...
November 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805595/a-gusseted-thermogradient-table-to-control-soil-temperatures-for-evaluating-plant-growth-and-monitoring-soil-processes
#19
Gregory E Welbaum, Osamah S Khan, Nezar H Samarah
Thermogradient tables were first developed in the 1950s primarily to test seed germination over a range of temperatures simultaneously without using a series of incubators. A temperature gradient is passively established across the surface of the table between the heated and cooled ends and is lost quickly at distances above the surface. Since temperature is only controlled on the table surface, experiments are restricted to shallow containers, such as Petri dishes, placed on the table. Welding continuous aluminum vertical strips or gussets perpendicular to the surface of a table enables temperature control in depth via convective heat flow...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802293/implementation-of-novel-design-features-for-qpcr-based-edna-assessment
#20
Nik Veldhoen, Jared Hobbs, Georgios Ikonomou, Michael Hii, Mary Lesperance, Caren C Helbing
Environmental stewardship requires timely, accurate information related to the status of a given ecosystem and the species that occupy it. Recent advances in the application of the highly sensitive real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) towards identification of constituents within environmental DNA (eDNA) now allow targeted detection of the presence of species-specific biological material within a localized geographic region. However, as with all molecular techniques predicated on the specificity and sensitivity of the PCR assay, careful validation of each eDNA qPCR assay in development must be performed both under controlled laboratory conditions and when challenged with field-derived eDNA samples...
2016: PloS One
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