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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231676/-post-marketing-surveillance-of-tanreqing-injection-in-children-a-real-world-study
#2
X X Li, L Zhuo, Y H Yang, S Y Zhan, S D Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the safety of Tanreqing injection among children in the real world. Methods: A multicenter, large sample, ambispective cohort study, with registration-type clinical safety monitoring. A total of 6 188 inpatients and patients from the emergency units, aged ≤ 14 years who all had been using Tanreqing injection in 59 secondary and tertiary hospitals in China, were recruited between January, 2014 and May, 2015. The main outcomes would include incidence and severity of adverse drug reaction (ADR)/adverse drug event (ADE) of Tanreqing injection...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#3
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231636/personalized-thromboprophylaxis-using-a-risk-score-for-the-management-of-pregnancies-with-high-risk-of-thrombosis-a-prospective-clinical-study
#4
Y Dargaud, L Rugeri, C Fleury, C Battie, P Gaucherand, C Huissoud, R C Rudigoz, H Desmurs-Clavel, J Ninet, M C Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Patients with thrombophilia and/or a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of thrombosis during pregnancy. A risk score for pregnancies with increased risk of VTE was previously described by our group (Lyon-VTE-score). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of our score-based prophylaxis strategy in 542 pregnancies managed between 2005 and 2015 in Lyon University Hospitals. PATIENTS/METHODS: Of 445 patients included in the study, 36 had several pregnancies during the study period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231597/predictors-of-cesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Carmem Luiza Lucht Gascho, Danieli Mayumi Kimura Leandro, Thiago Ribeiro E Silva, Jean Carl Silva
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate which risk factors may lead patients with gestational diabetes mellitus to cesarean delivery. Methods This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The subjects of the study were pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus attending a public maternity hospital in the south of Brazil. The primary outcomes assessed were based on maternal and fetal characteristics. The data were correlated using an odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated using multinomial logistic regression...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231495/drug-induced-panic-attacks-analysis-of-cases-registered-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database
#6
Delphine Abadie, Anaïs Essilini, Virginie Fulda, Aurore Gouraud, Mélissa Yéléhé-Okouma, Joëlle Micallef, François Montastruc, Jean Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: The potential role of drugs in the onset of panic attacks (PAs) is poorly understood. AIM: The objective of our study was to characterize drug-induced PAs. METHOD: We performed an analysis of PAs registered in the French pharmacovigilance database between 01/01/1985 and 05/11/2014. RESULTS: Among the 163 recorded cases, 136 (83.4%) were directly related to drugs, mainly antidepressants (11.3%, mainly serotonin reuptake inhibitors), mefloquine (7...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231412/impact-of-family-history-of-metabolic-traits-on-severity-of-nash-related-cirrhosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Chandan Kumar Kedarisetty, Chhagan Bihari, Guresh Kumar, Ankur Jindal, Ankit Bhardwaj, Varsha Shasthry, Tanmay Vyas, Jaya Benjamin, Shvetank Sharma, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial aggregation of metabolic traits with fatty liver disease is well documented. However, there is scarcity of data regarding such association with non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis (NASH) related cirrhosis. This study was aimed to explore the association of family history of metabolic traits with severity of cirrhosis. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, all consecutive patients with NASH related cirrhosis presenting to our tertiary care centre were included...
February 23, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231373/auricular-complications-in-parotid-temporal-bone-infratemporal-fossa-and-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#8
Patrick S Carpenter, Ryan C Burgette, John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo
Neoplasms located in the parotid region, temporal bone, infratemporal fossa, and lateral skull base represent a challenge due to their difficult anatomic location and surrounding neurovascular structures. A variety of surgical approaches are appropriate to access this area, although several of them can place the auricular blood supply in danger. If the auricular blood supply is compromised, ischemia and, eventually, avascular necrosis of the auricle can occur. Auricular necrosis often can cause patients a delay in adjuvant radiation therapy and result in the need for additional reconstructive procedures...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231367/fiddler-s-neck-a-review
#9
Calvin W Myint, Amy L Rutt, Robert T Sataloff
Fiddler's neck is a common dermatologic condition associated with instrument use in violin and viola players. It typically manifests as a submandibular and/or supraclavicular lesion. It is a benign condition, but it may be mistaken for lymphedema or a salivary gland malignancy. Otolaryngologists who treat patients with fiddler's neck should be aware of appropriate management protocols and the need to avoid surgical excision. We obtained informed consent from 3 violinists to present their cases as specific examples of fiddler's neck...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230823/polymorphism-of-dna-repair-gene-xpd-lys751gln-and-chromosome-aberrations-in-lymphocytes-of-thyroid-cancer-patients-exposed-to-ionizing-radiation-due-to-the-chornobyl-accident
#10
V M Shkarupa, O Y Mishcheniuk, S O Henyk-Berezovska, V O Palamarchuk, S V Klymenko
: The aim of this work was to analyze the relationship between polymorphisms of DNA repair gene XPD Lys751Gln and frequency and spectrum of chromosome aberrations in the culture of peripheral blood lymphocytes of thyroid cancer (TC) patients having been exposed to ionizing radiation due to the Chornobyl accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: XPD Lys751Gln polymorphisms were detected by polymerase chain reaction in 102 TC patients including 38 patients exposed to ionizing radiation due to Chornobyl disaster (Chornobyl recovery workers, evacuees, and the residents of contaminated areas), 64 patients without history of ionizing radiation exposure and 45 healthy residents of Ukraine as control group...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230661/predicting-progression-in-barrett-s-esophagus-development-and-validation-of-the-barrett-s-esophagus-assessment-of-risk-score-bear-score
#11
Craig S Brown, Brittany Lapin, Jay L Goldstein, John G Linn, Mark S Talamonti, Joann Carbray, Michael B Ujiki
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a scoring tool capable of accurately predicting which patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) will progress to dysplasia and/or esophageal adenocarcinoma. BACKGROUND: Endoscopic therapies have emerged capable of eradicating BE with high efficacy and low complication rates, but which patients should receive treatment is still debated. Current knowledge of risk factors is insufficient to allow for the accurate prediction of which patients will progress to dysplasia or adenocarcinoma...
February 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230562/chronic-hepatitis-c-and-individuals-with-a-history-of-injecting-drugs-in-spain-population-assessment-challenges-for-successful-treatment
#12
Carlos Roncero, Richard Littlewood, Pablo Vega, Jose Martinez-Raga, Marta Torrens
In Spain, there is a need to improve chronic hepatitis C care among people who inject drugs (PWID). Injecting drug use is an important risk behaviour for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Review of 28 sources of the relevant published literature mapped the size of the addiction-HCV population in Spain. Experts in opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment in Spain completed a consensus to define the population size, HCV prevalence and access or barriers to hepatitis C treatment for PWID populations. In Spain, over 300 000 individuals have a lifetime history of injecting drugs...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230450/characteristics-and-medication-use-of-psoriasis-patients-who-may-or-may-not-qualify-for-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
William Malatestinic, Beth Nordstrom, Jashin J Wu, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Chen-Yen Lin, Kristin Kistler, Kathy Fraeman, Joseph Johnston, Lcdr Lesley Hawley, Nicholas Sicignano, Andre Araujo
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials impose exclusion criteria that may limit the generalizability of results. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the percentage of real-world patients who would qualify for psoriasis randomized controlled trials; (b) ascertain differences between moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients who would be eligible, ineligible, or potentially eligible for clinical trials; and (c) compare their biologic treatment patterns. METHODS: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients were identified from the U...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230445/benchmarking-insulin-treatment-persistence-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-across-different-u-s-payer-segments
#14
Wenhui Wei, Jenny Jiang, Youbei Lou, Sohini Ganguli, Mark S Matusik
BACKGROUND: Treatment persistence with basal insulins is crucial to achieving sustained glycemic control, which is associated with a reduced risk of microvascular disease and other complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, studies suggest that persistence with basal insulin treatment is often poor. OBJECTIVE: To measure and benchmark real-world basal insulin treatment persistence among patients with T2D across different payer segments in the United States...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230332/knowledge-past-use-and-willingness-to-start-medication-assisted-treatment-among-persons-undergoing-alcohol-detoxification
#15
Michael D Stein, Jessica N Flori, Claire E Blevins, Micah T Conti, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The current study examined knowledge of previous use, and willingness to take alcohol-related medication among individuals in medically supervised detoxification. METHODS: Participants (n = 302) provided health and demographic information, substance use and detoxification history, PCP visits, and AA attendance. RESULTS: Most patients had knowledge of alcohol medications, one-third had past prescription, and over 80% reported willingness to take medication...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230033/postoperative-infectious-complications-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Yuan Zhao, Yi Jin, Yueming Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative infectious complications after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma by logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six hepatocellular carcinoma patients who received surgery were retrospectively reviewed and included in this study. Of the included 166 patients, 42 patients had the postoperative infectious complications (case group) and other 124 patients did not develop postoperative infection (control group)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230019/application-of-colon-interposition-among-the-esophageal-cancer-patients-with-partial-gastrectomy
#17
Qiuqiang Chen, Weimin Mao, Huanming Yu, Yixian Liang, Jiane Wang, Guoping Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophageal reconstruction with colon interposition is an alternative solution for the esophageal cancer patients who have partial gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of colon interposition among the esophageal carcinoma patients with partial gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Under institutional review board approval, 32 esophageal carcinoma patients with a history of partial gastrectomy were included in this study...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229983/establishment-and-application-of-early-risk-stratification-method-for-acute-abdominal-pain-in-adults
#18
Yu Wang, Hong Zhao, Zhen Zhou, Ci Tian, Hong-Li Xiao, Bao-En Wang
BACKGROUND: Acute abdominal pain is a common symptom of emergency patients. The severity was always evaluated based on physicians' clinical experience. The aim of this study was to establish an early risk stratification method (ERSM) for addressing adults with acute abdominal pain, which would guide physicians to take appropriate and timely measures following the established health-care policies. METHODS: In Cohort 1, the records of 490 patients with acute abdominal pain that developed within the past 72 h were enrolled in this study...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229901/what-is-the-association-between-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-6-minute-walk-test-in-hypertensive-patients
#19
El-Sayed M Farag, Mohammad M Al-Daydamony, Marwa M Gad
Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem. Hypertension is an important cause of HF. Most hypertensive patients have some degree of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) provides objective data about the exercise tolerance. We aimed to find the association between the degree of LV diastolic dysfunction and the functional capacity assessed by 6MWT in hypertensive patients. The study included 200 asymptomatic hypertensive patients. All patients had undergone full history taking, complete clinical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography for assessment of LV dimensions, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and 6MWT...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229615/bacteremia-with-raoultella-planticola-in-the-setting-of-acute-pancreatitis-complicated-with-acute-cholangitis
#20
Esther Merino Rodríguez, Susana Rebolledo Olmedo, Joaquín Miquel Plaza
The bacterium Raoultella planticola (R planticola) is a rare pathogen in humans. We report a case of mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) of biliary origin with cholangitis and bacteremia with R planticola in association with pancreatic panniculitis (PP). A 55-year-old woman with rheumatic multiple valvulopathy presented with epigastric pain radiating to the back in a belt-like fashion for 48 hours, jaundice, choluria, acholia, and fever (38.2oC). Lab tests showed: amylase 2126 U/L, ALT 124 U/L, AST 169 U/L, GGT 3548 U/L, AP 1516 U/L, TBil 12...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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