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university students and anxiety and depression

Heba A Abdel Sadek, Mervat W Abu-Nazel, Zeinab N Shata, Nesrin K Abd El-Fatah
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between obesity and depression has been researched extensively, the relation of the wide range of body-weight problems, as indicated by the BMI, to emotional health problems has received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of concomitant co-occurrence of emotional health and weight problems in Alexandria University students, and to investigate the relationship between their BMI and emotional status. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 842 university students (17-27 years), enrolled in four faculties of Alexandria University, Egypt, during the academic year 2012-2013...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
A two-part latent growth mixture model was implemented in order to examine heterogeneity in the growth of sexual harassment (SH) victimization in college and university students, and the extent to which SH class membership explains substance use and mental health outcomes for certain groups of students. Demographic risk factors, mental health, and substance use were examined as they related to chronically experienced SH victimization. Incoming freshmen students (N = 2855; 58% female; 54% White) completed a survey at five time points...
November 2016: Social Science Research
Solomon Hailemeskel, Asrate Demissie, Nigussie Assefa
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common gynecologic compliant among adolescent females. There is a wide variation in the estimate of PD, which ranges from 50% to 90%, and the disorder is the most common cause of work and school absenteeism in adolescent females. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of PD among female university students and understand its effects on students' academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed in 440 research participants...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Harun Toy, Arzu Hergüner, Sevcan Şimşek, Sabri Hergüner
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that women with autism spectrum disorder have higher rates of menstrual problems, including irregular menstrual cycles, unusually painful periods (dysmenorrhea), and excessive menstrual bleeding. In this study, we investigated the autistic traits in female university students with primary dysmenorrhea (PD). METHODS: Seventy females with PD and 70 females without PD were enrolled in the study. The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was used to measure autistic traits and the Brief Symptom Inventory was used for evaluating anxiety and depression levels...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Farah Younes, Ghinwa Halawi, Hicham Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Latife Karam, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet addiction (IA) could be a major concern in university medical students aiming to develop into health professionals. The implications of this addiction as well as its association with sleep, mood disorders and self-esteem can hinder their studies, impact their long-term career goals and have wide and detrimental consequences for society as a whole. The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess potential IA in university medical students, as well as factors associated with it; 2) Assess the relationships between potential IA, insomnia, depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem...
2016: PloS One
Thomas Kötter, Frank Niebuhr
INTRODUCTION: The years spent in acquiring medical education is considered a stressful period in the life of many students. Students whose mental health deteriorates during this long period of study are less likely to become empathic and productive physicians. In addition to other specific stressors, academic examinations seem to further induce medical school-related stress and anxiety. Combined group and individual resource-oriented coaching early in medical education might reduce examination-related stress and anxiety and, consequently, enhance academic performance...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Linda P Juang, Ursula Moffitt, Su Yeong Kim, Richard M Lee, José Angel Soto, Eric Hurley, Robert S Weisskirch, Shelley A Blozis, Linda G Castillo, Que-Lam Huynh, Susan Krauss Whitborne
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether two key emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, moderated the relations between discrimination (i.e., foreigner objectification and general denigration) and adjustment. METHODS: Participants were U.S. Latino/a and Asian-heritage college students (N = 1,279, 67% female, 72% U.S. born) from the Multi-Site University Study of Identity and Culture (MUSIC). Students completed online self-report surveys in 2009...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
W D Xia, K Y Fu, W X Lu, C M Zhao, H Y Yang, Z X Ye
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders(TMD) symptoms, psychological distress and sleep quality in a population of Chinese university students, and discuss the relationship between psychological distress, sleep quality and TMD symptoms. METHODS: A total of 898 stomatological university students from 5 Chinese universities(342 males and 556 females with a mean age of 20.5 years) were included in the study. Self-reported TMD symptoms using diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders symptom questionnaire were collected...
September 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Nasrin Falsafi
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are two of the most common mental disorders in the United States. These disorders are prevalent among college students. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two different types of intervention practices (mindfulness vs. yoga) and a noninterventional control group in mitigating the effects of depression and/or anxiety in college students. METHOD: A sample of 90 students (both genders) over age 18 who had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression was recruited from 11,500 undergraduate college students in a mid-size university...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
J Brian Houston, Jennifer First, Matthew L Spialek, Mary E Sorenson, Toby Mills-Sandoval, McKenzie Lockett, Nathan L First, Pascal Nitiéma, Sandra F Allen, Betty Pfefferbaum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the Resilience and Coping Intervention (RCI) with college students. PARTICIPANTS: College students (ages 18-23) from a large Midwest U.S. university who volunteered for a randomized controlled trial during the 2015 spring semester. METHODS: College students were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 64) or control (n = 65) group. Intervention participants received three 45 minute RCI sessions over subsequent weeks...
August 25, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Erin R Hedemann, Stacy L Frazier
This study examined a university-community partnership, focusing on mental health promotion within an after-school music program. We pursued two goals: (a) supporting staff around student engagement and behavior management; (b) integrating social-emotional activities into the curriculum. We assessed youth's mental health needs and examined feasibility of social-emotional activities delivered. One-hundred sixty-two youth participated in activities, while a subset of youth (n = 61) and their parents provided information on mental health need...
August 20, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Chad Ebesutani, Mirihae Kim, Hee-Hoon Park
The present study was the first to examine the applicability of the bifactor structure underlying the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) in an East Asian (South Korean) sample and to determine which factors in the bifactor model were significantly associated with anxiety, depression, and negative affect. Using a sample of 289 South Korean university students, we compared (a) the original 3-factor AS model, (b) a 3-group bifactor AS model, and (c) a 2-group bifactor AS model (with only the physical and social concern group factors present)...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Anastasios Bastounis, Patrick Callaghan, Anirban Banerjee, Maria Michail
Mental health problems in children can be precursors of psychosocial problems in adulthood. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the universal application of a resilience intervention (PRP and derivatives), which has been proposed for large scale roll-out. Electronic databases were searched for published randomized controlled trials of PRP and derivatives to prevent depression and anxiety and improve explanatory style in students aged 8-17 years. Studies were meta-analysed and effect sizes with confidence intervals were calculated...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Thomas Richardson, Peter Elliott, Ron Roberts, Megan Jansen
Previous research has shown a relationship between financial difficulties and poor mental health in students, but most research is cross-sectional. To examine longitudinal relationships over time between financial variables and mental health in students. A national sample of 454 first year British undergraduate students completed measures of mental health and financial variables at up to four time points across a year. Cross-sectional relationships were found between poorer mental health and female gender, having a disability and non-white ethnicity...
July 29, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
My Frankl, Björn Philips, Lene Berggraf, Pål Ulvenes, Robert Johansson, Peter Wennberg
The aim of this study was to make the first evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Affect Phobia Test, using the Swedish translation - a test developed to screen the ability to experience, express and regulate emotions. Data was collected from a clinical sample (N = 82) of patients with depression and/or anxiety participating in randomized controlled trial of Internet-based affect-focused treatment, and a university student sample (N = 197). The internal consistency for the total score was satisfactory (Clinical sample α = 0...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Jagdish Khubchandani, Rebecca Brey, Jerome Kotecki, JoAnn Kleinfelder, Jason Anderson
Depression and anxiety are some of the most common causes of morbidity, social dysfunction, and reduced academic performance in college students. The combination of improved surveillance and access to care would result in better outreach. Brief screening tools can help reach larger populations of college students efficiently. However, reliability and validity of brief screeners for anxiety and depression have not been assessed in college students. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess in a sample of college students the psychometric properties of PHQ-4, a brief screening tool for depression and anxiety...
August 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Sharon Gilaie-Dotan, Hamutal Ashkenazi, Reuven Dar
One of the main characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the persistent feeling of uncertainty, affecting many domains of actions and feelings. It was recently hypothesized that OCD uncertainty is related to attenuated access to internal states. As supra-second timing is associated with bodily and interoceptive awareness, we examined whether supra-second timing would be associated with OC tendencies. We measured supra-second (~9 s) and sub-second (~450 ms) timing along with control non-temporal perceptual tasks in a group of 60 university students...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Erika D Felix, Erin Dowdy, Jennifer Greif Green
OBJECTIVE: Guided by conservation of resources theory, this study provides empirical data on students' psychosocial adjustment following a mass murder tragedy, what changed or did not change from their pretragedy adjustment levels, and their view on what helped most in the immediate aftermath. METHOD: Students (n = 593) who participated in a study of college adjustment the year prior to a mass murder that affected the university community were recontacted following the tragedy, providing prospective, longitudinal data (n = 141 pretragedy Time 1 and posttragedy; n = 73 pretragedy Times 1 and 2 and posttragedy)...
July 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Johnna R Swartz, Aric A Prather, Christina R Di Iorio, Ryan Bogdan, Ahmad R Hariri
Common functional polymorphisms in the gene encoding interleukin-18 (IL18), a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 superfamily that can induce synthesis of several other cytokines, have been associated with major depressive episodes following the experience of stressful life events. The neural mechanisms underlying these associations remain unexamined. Here we use an imaging genetics strategy to examine the effects of risk-related IL18 haplotypes comprised of rs187238 and rs1946518 on threat-related amygdala reactivity and, through an indirect effect, stress-related symptoms of depression and anxiety in 448 non-Hispanic Caucasian university students...
July 19, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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