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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910673/a-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-a-secondary-school-mindfulness-program-for-early-adolescents-do-we-have-the-recipe-right-yet
#1
Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness is being promoted in schools as a prevention program despite a current small evidence base. The aim of this research was to conduct a rigorous evaluation of the .b ("Dot be") mindfulness curriculum, with or without parental involvement, compared to a control condition. METHOD: In a randomized controlled design, students (Mage 13.44, SD 0.33; 45.4% female) across a broad range of socioeconomic indicators received the nine lesson curriculum delivered by an external facilitator with (N = 191) or without (N = 186) parental involvement, or were allocated to a usual curriculum control group (N = 178)...
September 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878812/an-arabic-translation-reliability-and-validation-of-patient-health-questionnaire-in-a-saudi-sample
#2
Ahmad N AlHadi, Deemah A AlAteeq, Eman Al-Sharif, Hamdah M Bawazeer, Hasan Alanazi, Abdulaziz T AlShomrani, Raafat M Shuqdar, Reem AlOwaybil
BACKGROUND: Psychological disorders including depression and anxiety are not rare in primary care clinics. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) is a clinical diagnostic tool that is widely utilized by primary health care physicians worldwide because it provides a practical in-clinic tool to screen for psychological disorders. This study evaluated the validity of the Arabic version of the PHQ in all six modules including depression, anxiety, somatic, panic, eating, and alcohol abuse disorders...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868813/insomnia-in-nursing-students-and-related-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Zeynep Güneş, Hülya Arslantaş
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting insomnia in nursing students. METHODS: This study was conducted with 379 nursing students, studying at a university in western Anatolia/Turkey between 2014 and 2015 as a descriptive and cross-sectional analytic study. Data of the survey were collected using the Personal Inquiry Form, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index, Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory, and a self-administered questionnaire...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#4
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#5
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853297/mindfulness-based-intervention-in-elementary-school-students-with-anxiety-and-depression-a-series-of-n-of-1-trials-on-effects-and-feasibility
#6
Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Eric Lacourse, Catherine Herba, Geneviève Taylor, Leila Ben Amor
Mindfulness-based interventions constitute a promising option to address anxiety and depression in elementary school students. This study evaluated the effect of a mindfulness-based intervention on anxiety and depression in elementary school students with a diagnosis of anxiety or depression disorder. A single-subject experimental A-B-A design was used. Participants were three elementary school students from grades three and four, along with their teacher. Anxiety and depression were measured on 10 occasions at baseline, during the intervention, and at follow-up...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845407/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-distress-and-associated-risk-factors-among-college-students-using-ghq-28-questionnaire
#7
Jalal Poorolajal, Ali Ghaleiha, Nahid Darvishi, Shahla Daryaei, Soheila Panahi
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adults are at increased risk of psychiatric distress and serious disability. We estimated the prevalence and associated risk factors of psychiatric distress among the college students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. METHODS: We performed this cross-sectional study, from Jan to May 2016 at Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Students filled out voluntarily an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, personal information, behavioral risk factors, and a validated Persian version of the GHQ-28 questionnaire, including somatic symptoms (items 1-7), anxiety/insomnia (items 8-14), social dysfunctions (items 15-21), and severe depression (items 22-28)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840202/a-social-media-based-index-of-mental-well-being-in-college-campuses
#8
Shrey Bagroy, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru, Munmun De Choudhury
Psychological distress in the form of depression, anxiety and other mental health challenges among college students is a growing health concern. Dearth of accurate, continuous, and multi-campus data on mental well-being presents significant challenges to intervention and mitigation efforts in college campuses. We examine the potential of social media as a new "barometer" for quantifying the mental well-being of college populations. Utilizing student-contributed data in Reddit communities of over 100 universities, we first build and evaluate a transfer learning based classification approach that can detect mental health expressions with 97% accuracy...
May 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836915/a-cross-cultural-study-in-germany-russia-and-china-are-resilient-and-social-supported-students-protected-against-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#9
Julia Brailovskaia, Pia Schönfeld, Xiao Chi Zhang, Angela Bieda, Yakov Kochetkov, Jürgen Margraf
This study cross-culturally investigated resilience and social support as possible protective factors for mental health. The values of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, resilience and social support were collected from German (N = 4433), Russian (N = 3774), and Chinese students (N = 4982). The samples were split (two-thirds vs. one-third) to cross-validate the results. In all samples, resilience and social support were significantly negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827212/the-spanish-version-of-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-adolescents-up-a-adapted-as-a-school-based-anxiety-and-depression-prevention-program-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Julia García-Escalera, Rosa M Valiente, Paloma Chorot, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Sarah M Kennedy, Bonifacio Sandín
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common, impairing conditions that evidence high comorbidity rates in adolescence. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Adolescents (UP-A) is one of the few existing resources aimed at applying transdiagnostic treatment principles to target core dysfunctions associated with both anxiety and depression within a single protocol. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining the efficacy of the UP-A adapted as a universal preventive intervention program...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812444/a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-f
#11
Joshua Travis Brown, Fred Volk, Gabrielle L Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory-Functions (OSI-F) for assessing nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), a condition for further study in the DSM-5. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 345 students who indicated a history of self-injury in a university counseling center over six semesters from August 2009 to May 2012. METHOD: Participants completed the OSI-F as a measure on the psychological intake for the university counseling center...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781730/executive-functions-in-students-with-depression-anxiety-and-stress-symptoms
#12
Bita Ajilchi, Vahid Nejati
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate and compare the executive functions of students with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms with those functions in healthy ones. METHODS: This study was a comparative and non-clinical analysis. The study population comprised all students of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. A total of 448 students were recruited using convenience sampling method. They were also screened using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) test comprising 21 items...
May 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726284/alexithymia-among-jordanian-university-students-its-prevalence-and-correlates-with-depression-anxiety-stress-and-demographics
#14
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to identify the prevalence, levels, and associated factors of alexithymia among Jordanian university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using stratified cluster random sampling, data were collected from 492 students using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). FINDINGS: The prevalence of alexithymia, depression, anxiety, and stress were 24.6, 28.5, 38.4, and 22...
July 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#15
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#16
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#17
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697463/mental-health-suicidality-and-hopelessness-among-university-students-in-turkey
#18
Demet Gulec Oyekcin, Erkan Melih Sahin, Ebru Aldemir
Psychological symptoms of university students can affect perceptions of physical and mental health and can influence the emergence of suicidal behavior. We investigated the association among psychological symptoms, suicidal thoughts, perceptions of physical and mental health in university students. 4330 students at Onsekiz Mart University completed an internet-based questionnaire. 15.1% of the students reported suicidal thoughts at least once in their lifetime. The severity of mental symptoms was found to increase with a decrease in perceived physical and mental health...
June 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688505/structural-equation-model-of-smartphone-addiction-based-on-adult-attachment-theory-mediating-effects-of-loneliness-and-depression
#19
EunYoung Kim, Inhyo Cho, Eun Joo Kim
PURPOSE: This study investigated the mediating effects of loneliness and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and smartphone addiction in university students. METHODS: A total of 200 university students participated in this study. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: There were significant positive relationships between attachment anxiety, loneliness, depression, and smartphone addiction...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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