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university students and anxiety and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315203/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-sleep-quality-anxiety-and-depressed-mood-in-rn-bsn-students-with-sleep-disturbance
#1
Ke-Hsin Chueh, Chia-Chuan Chang, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Students in 2-year registered nurse to Bachelor of Science in nursing (RN-BSN) programs usually work full-time and study part-time. Sleep disturbance, anxiety, and depression are known to be common health problems among these students.Prior research has described the effectiveness of auricular acupressure (AA) in reducing sleep disturbance and improving mood. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using a 4-week AA program that adheres to a magnetic pellet on the shenmen acupoint on sleep quality, anxiousness, and depressed moods in nursing students with sleep disturbance...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306924/perceived-stress-mediates-the-associations-between-sleep-quality-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-college-nursing-students
#2
Yuan Zhang, Anya Peters, Guanling Chen
Mental illnesses, such as anxiety and depression, are top concerns among college students. Poor sleep quality intensifies the risk of mental illnesses. However, the mechanism for the associations between sleep quality and mental illnesses in college students is not well understood. Online surveys were collected with 242 undergraduate nursing students at a public university in the northeast United States. Multivariate linear regression models suggested that poor sleep quality was associated with an increased risk of symptoms of anxiety (β = 1...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294998/social-and-contextual-influences-on-mental-health-following-an-episode-of-mass-violence
#3
Erika D Felix, Stephanie A Moore, Haley Meskunas, Antoniya Terzieva
Few studies explore how the recovery context following an episode of mass violence affects posttragedy mental health (MH), despite clear implications for developing posttrauma supports. Following a mass murder, this prospective, longitudinal study examined how reactions to media coverage, family reactions, and disappointment in social support influenced posttragedy MH (posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety), above and beyond the influence of pretragedy MH, pretragedy victimization, and objective exposure...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294905/anxiety-and-depression-in-cyberbullied-college-students-a-retrospective-study
#4
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Cinthia Patricia Frías
Cyberbullying is a worldwide phenomenon and its effects can be severe. To better understand the personal and situational factors in cyberbullying, we approach it from the perspective of the general aggression model. More specifically, we analyze the medium and long-term impact of past experiences of cyberbullying on university students. We also compare their psychological adjustment with peers who have not been cyberbullied by examining the recall of cyberbullying while attending secondary school of 1,593 university students...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294890/childhood-trauma-trait-anxiety-and-anxious-attachment-as-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-students
#5
Margaret M McClure, Megan Parmenter
The current study investigates the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood trauma, trait anxiety, depression, and anxious attachment in college students. Ninety-three male and 161 female undergraduate students at Fairfield University, ranging in age from 17 to 23, with a mean age of 18.8 years, participated. Participants completed five self-report inventories: The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (CADRI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282606/appraisal-support-from-natural-mentors-self-worth-and-psychological-distress-examining-the-experiences-of-underrepresented-students-transitioning-through-college
#6
Noelle M Hurd, Jamie Albright, Audrey Wittrup, Andrea Negrete, Janelle Billingsley
The current study explored whether cumulative appraisal support from as many as five natural mentors (i.e., nonparental adults from youth's pre-existing social networks who serve a mentoring role in youth's lives) led to reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety via improved global self-worth among underrepresented college students. Participants in the current study included 340 college students (69% female) attending a 4-year, predominantly White institution of higher education. Participants were first-generation college students, students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, and/or students from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279029/beyond-leisure-the-role-of-alcohol-in-the-lives-of-nigerian-university-students
#7
Emeka W Dumbili, Blessing N Onyima
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption among young people in Nigeria has traditionally been constrained due to the socio-cultural belief that alcohol is for adults. In contemporary Nigeria, media reports indicate that young people drink alcohol regularly in large quantities, but empirical research on what motivates their alcohol use is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To explore the motives for consuming alcohol among male and female students at a Nigerian university. METHODS: Drawing on motivational theories of alcohol use, 31 semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (aged 19-23 years)...
December 26, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260926/psychometric-evaluation-of-turkish-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-with-turkish-college-students
#8
Cahit Kaya, Timothy N Tansey, Macid Melekoglu, Orhan Cakiroglu, Fong Chan
BACKGROUND: The Turkish version of the Perceived Stress Scale (T-PSS-10) measures the extent to which situations in one's life are appraised as stressful. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the measurement structure of T-PSS-10. METHOD: Two-hundred and thirty-five Turkish university students (93 men and 142 women) completed the T-PSS-10, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the General Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7), and the Inventory of Common Problems (ICP)...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248824/contextualizing-public-stigma-endorsed-mental-health-treatment-stigma-on-college-and-university-campuses
#9
S Michael Gaddis, Daniel Ramirez, Erik L Hernandez
Scholars suggest that public mental health stigma operates at a meso-level and is associated with severity of symptoms, disclosure, self-esteem, and treatment-seeking behavior. However, the operationalization of public stigma nearly always comes from an individual-level generalization of what others believe. Using data from over 60,000 students on 75 U.S. college and university campuses between 2009 and 2015, we contextualize public stigma by creating a school-level measure of students' individual-level endorsed mental health treatment stigma...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#10
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229660/rationale-and-design-of-geneius-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-genetic-and-environmental-determinants-of-body-mass-index-evolution-in-canadian-undergraduate-students
#11
Rita E Morassut, Christine Langlois, Akram Alyass, Adeola F Ishola, Fereshteh T Yazdi, Alexandra J Mayhew, Hudson Reddon, James MacKillop, Marie Pigeyre, David Meyre
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global epidemic and is a risk factor for developing other comorbidities. Young adulthood is a critical period for body weight change and establishing healthy lifestyle behaviours. The 'Freshman 15' suggests that undergraduate students gain 15 lbs (6.8 kg) during their first year of university, although evidence estimates a more modest weight gain of approximately 3-5 lbs (1.4-2.3 kg). Previous studies have only investigated weight change in the first year and do not study potential risk factors...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209393/relationship-between-problematic-internet-use-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-students-following-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-south-korea
#12
Ju-Yeon Lee, Sung-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Seon-Young Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon
We investigated the association between problematic internet use (PIU) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in children and adolescents in South Korea. A cross-sectional survey was administered to community students who attended primary, secondary, and high schools in the Jindo area 1-2.5 months after the Sewol ferry disaster. Of the 1,744 respondents, 392 students who were exposed to the disaster, witnessing the rescue work directly, were evaluated. PTSD symptoms were measured using the University of California Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD-RI)...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203443/examination-of-emotion-induced-changes-in-eating-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-emotional-appetite-questionnaire
#13
L Bourdier, Y Morvan, G Kotbagi, L Kern, L Romo, S Berthoz
It is now recognized that emotions can influence food intake. While some people report eating less when distressed, others report either no change of eating or eating more in the same condition. The question whether this interindividual variability also occurs in response to positive emotions has been overlooked in most studies on Emotional Eating (EE). Using the Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Latent Profile Analysis, this study aimed to examine the existence of latent emotion-induced changes in eating profiles, and explore how these profiles differ by testing their relations with 1) age and sex, 2) BMI and risk for eating disorders (ED) and 3) factors that are known to be associated with EE such as perceived positive/negative feelings, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and impulsivity...
December 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200049/psychosocial-factors-affecting-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students
#14
Servet Aker, Mustafa Kürşat Şahin, Serap Sezgin, Gülay Oğuz
Smartphone addiction is a recent concern that has resulted from the dramatic increase in worldwide smartphone use. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate psychosocial factors affecting smartphone addiction in university students. The study was performed among students at the Ondokuz Mayis University Samsun School of Health (Samsun, Turkey) on October-December 2015. Four hundred ninety-four students possessing smartphones and agreeing to participate were included. A sociodemographic data form produced by the authors and consisting of 10 questions was administered together with a questionnaire involving the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version (SAS-SV), the Flourishing Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197954/a-latent-class-analysis-of-gambling-activity-patterns-in-a-canadian-university-sample-of-emerging-adults-socio-demographic-motivational-and-mental-health-correlates
#15
Matthew D Sanscartier, Jason D Edgerton, Lance W Roberts
This analysis of gambling habits of Canadian university students (ages 18-25) dovetails two recent developments in the field of gambling studies. First, the popularity of latent class analysis to identify heterogeneous classes of gambling patterns in different populations; second, the validation of the Gambling Motives Questionnaire (with financial motives) among university students-specifically to understand both how and why emerging adults gamble. Our results support a four-class model of gambling activity patterns, consisting of female-preponderant casual and chance-based gambling groups, and male-preponderant skill-based and extensive gambling groups...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181801/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-chalder-fatigue-scale
#16
Hyeju Ha, Donghee Jeong, Bong-Jin Hahm, Eun-Jung Shim
PURPOSE: University students are vulnerable to fatigue. If not adequately dealt with, fatigue might develop into various health problems and negatively affect quality of life (QOL). The present study examined psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale (K-CFQ) in university students. METHOD: Data were obtained from two samples of undergraduate students in Korea. The first dataset (N = 557) was collected in a cross-sectional survey in 2015 and the second dataset (N = 338) from a longitudinal survey with three time points over a semester period in 2016...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176864/health-assessment-of-french-university-students-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mental-health-disorders
#17
Antoine Tran, Laurie Tran, Nicolas Geghre, David Darmon, Marion Rampal, Diane Brandone, Jean-Michel Gozzo, Hervé Haas, Karine Rebouillat-Savy, Hervé Caci, Paul Avillach
OBJECTIVE: The first year of university is a particularly stressful period and can impact academic performance and students' health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the health and lifestyle of undergraduates and assess risk factors associated with psychiatric symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and June 2013, we included all undergraduate students who underwent compulsory a medical visit at the university medical service in Nice (France) during which they were screened for potential diseases during a diagnostic interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175733/examining-the-role-of-attachment-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-psychological-distress-and-subjective-well-being
#18
Mark Corcoran, Muireann McNulty
Childhood adversity is associated with a wide range of detrimental psychological consequences. This study examined the mediating role of relationship-specific attachment (avoidance and anxiety) in the associations between childhood adversity and both psychological distress and subjective well-being. University students (N=190) across the Republic of Ireland completed self-report measures including the Adverse Childhood Experiences scale, Experiences in Close Relationships - Relationship Structures scale, Depression Anxiety and Stress scales and measures of subjective well-being...
November 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172570/clarifying-the-relation-of-acculturative-stress-and-anxiety-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-among-hispanic-college-students
#19
Charles Jardin, Nubia A Mayorga, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Andres G Viana, Carla Sharp, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has highlighted the link between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms among Hispanic young adults, but the nature of these relations is not well understood. The present study aimed to clarify the relation between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms by examining anxiety sensitivity, globally and via subfactors, as an explanatory variable. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of 788 Hispanic college students (80...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167685/effect-of-music-practice-on-anxiety-and-depression-of-iranian-dental-students
#20
Mahmood Ghasemi, Hana Lotfollahzadeh, Tahereh Kermani-Ranjbar, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: The practice of dentistry has long been associated with high levels of occupational stress and anxiety and music has been shown as a method of reducing stress. Considering the reportedly high level of stress among dental students and its consequences and also considering the positive effect of music therapy, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between music practice and level of stress in dental students. Materials and Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, 88 students, including 44 with a history of music practice and 44 matched controls without music practice who met the defined inclusion criteria, participated...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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