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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812444/a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-f
#1
Joshua T Brown, Fred Volk, Gabrielle L Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory-Functions (OSI-F) for assessing non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a condition for further study in the DSM-5. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 345 students who indicated a history of self-injury in a university counseling center over six semesters from August 2009 - May 2012. METHOD: Participants completed the OSI-F as a measure on the psychological intake for the university counseling center...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781730/executive-functions-in-students-with-depression-anxiety-and-stress-symptoms
#2
Bita Ajilchi, Vahid Nejati
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate and compare the executive functions of students with depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms with those functions in healthy ones. METHODS: This study was a comparative and non-clinical analysis. The study population comprised all students of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. A total of 448 students were recruited using convenience sampling method. They were also screened using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) test comprising 21 items...
May 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726284/alexithymia-among-jordanian-university-students-its-prevalence-and-correlates-with-depression-anxiety-stress-and-demographics
#4
Shaher H Hamaideh
PURPOSE: The aim of the article is to identify the prevalence, levels, and associated factors of alexithymia among Jordanian university students. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using stratified cluster random sampling, data were collected from 492 students using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). FINDINGS: The prevalence of alexithymia, depression, anxiety, and stress were 24.6, 28.5, 38.4, and 22...
July 20, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#5
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#6
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#7
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697463/mental-health-suicidality-and-hopelessness-among-university-students-in-turkey
#8
Demet Gulec Oyekcin, Erkan Melih Sahin, Ebru Aldemir
Psychological symptoms of university students can affect perceptions of physical and mental health and can influence the emergence of suicidal behavior. We investigated the association among psychological symptoms, suicidal thoughts, perceptions of physical and mental health in university students. 4330 students at Onsekiz Mart University completed an internet-based questionnaire. 15.1% of the students reported suicidal thoughts at least once in their lifetime. The severity of mental symptoms was found to increase with a decrease in perceived physical and mental health...
June 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688505/structural-equation-model-of-smartphone-addiction-based-on-adult-attachment-theory-mediating-effects-of-loneliness-and-depression
#9
EunYoung Kim, Inhyo Cho, Eun Joo Kim
PURPOSE: This study investigated the mediating effects of loneliness and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and smartphone addiction in university students. METHODS: A total of 200 university students participated in this study. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: There were significant positive relationships between attachment anxiety, loneliness, depression, and smartphone addiction...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679569/humor-laughter-learning-and-health-a-brief-review
#11
Brandon M Savage, Heidi L Lujan, Raghavendar R Thipparthi, Stephen E DiCarlo
Human emotions, such as anxiety, depression, fear, joy, and laughter, profoundly affect psychological and physiological processes. These emotions form a set of basic, evolved functions that are shared by all humans. Laughter is part of a universal language of basic emotions that all humans recognize. Health care providers and educators may utilize the power of laughter to improve health and enhance teaching and learning. This is an important consideration because teaching is not just about content: it is also about forming relationships and strengthening human connections...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664462/factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-medical-students-in-bahrain
#12
Zaid A Mahroon, Saif M Borgan, Charlotte Kamel, Wendy Maddison, Maeve Royston, Claire Donnellan
OBJECTIVES: Medical training can be a stressful experience and may negatively impact mental health for some students. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among medical students in one international medical university in the Kingdom of Bahrain and to determine associations between these symptoms, the students' characteristics, and their satisfaction with life. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to 350 enrolled medical students...
June 29, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662321/a-12-year-trend-of-psychological-distress-national-study-of-finnish-university-students
#13
Airi Oksanen, Katri Laimi, Katja Björklund, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Kristina Kunttu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore changes in the prevalence of psychological distress and co-occurring psychological symptoms among 19-34 years old Finnish university students between the years 2000 and 2012. METHODS: The prevalence of perceived frequent psychological symptoms was compared in four nationwide cross-sectional student health surveys with random samples (N=11,502) in the following years: 2000 (N=3,174), 2004 (N=3,153), 2008 (N=2,750), and 2012 (N=2,425)...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654875/temporal-focus-clusters-differ-meaningfully-in-terms-of-anxiety-and-depressive-symptomatology
#14
Michael T McKay, Jon C Cole, Andrew Percy
The present study examined the relationship between temporal focus profiles and scores on psychiatric symptomatology. Participants were recruited by undergraduate students in a university in the United Kingdom (N = 372; 46% male). Five clusters emerged from hierarchical cluster analysis and were labelled, No Focus, Multi Focus, Past Focus, Future Focus, and Current Focus. The worst outcomes in terms of psychiatric symptomatology were observed for those belonging to the Past Focus cluster. These results build on the only previous study using cluster analysis of Temporal Focus Scale scores, where being past focussed was associated with lower self-esteem in adolescents...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653024/data-for-korean-college-students-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-self-compassion-anxiety-and-depression
#15
Ju Ri Joeng, Sherri L Turner, Eun Young Kim, Seung Ae Choi, Jung Ki Kim, Yu Jeong Lee
The data presented in this article are from 473 Korean college students׳ responses to an online survey consisting of measures of anxious and avoidant attachment (the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Scale: ECR-R), self-compassion (Neff׳s Self-Compassion Scale: SCS), depression (the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale: CES-D) and anxiety (the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-the Trait Anxiety Scale: STAT-T). Each variable was measured by a Korean version of the instrument. Participants were recruited from three universities in South Korea: 288 were men and 185 were women; 199 were undergraduate and 273 were graduate students...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618249/an-integrative-study-of-motivation-and-goal-regulation-processes-in-subclinical-anxiety-depression-and-hypomania
#16
Joanne M Dickson, Sheri Johnson, Christopher D Huntley, Andrew Peckham, Peter J Taylor
Research has implicated motivation and goal regulation in susceptibility to mood disorders. We studied for the first time key facets of motivation and goal regulation concurrently in relation to affective symptoms. The cross-national sample comprised 510 university students from the United States (n = 279) and United Kingdom (n = 231). Participants completed self-report measures of motivation, conditional goal setting, urgency, depression, anxiety, and mania risk. Structural Equation Modeling results found that behavioral activation system scores correlated negatively with depression and positively with mania risk, but were unrelated to anxiety...
June 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591024/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-sleep-quality-anxiety-and-depressed-mood-in-rn-bsn-students-with-sleep-disturbance
#17
Ke-Hsin Chueh, Chia-Chuan Chang, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Students in 2-year registered nurse to Bachelor of Science in nursing (RN-BSN) programs usually work full-time and study part-time. Sleep disturbance, anxiety, and depression are known to be common health problems among these students. Prior research has described the effectiveness of auricular acupressure (AA) in reducing sleep disturbance and improving mood. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using a 4-week AA program that adheres to a magnetic pellet on the shenmen acupoint on sleep quality, anxiousness, and depressed moods in nursing students with sleep disturbance...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588005/delivering-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-young-adults-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-using-a-fully-automated-conversational-agent-woebot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Alison Darcy, Molly Vierhile
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) apps have demonstrated efficacy but are characterized by poor adherence. Conversational agents may offer a convenient, engaging way of getting support at any time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a fully automated conversational agent to deliver a self-help program for college students who self-identify as having symptoms of anxiety and depression...
June 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575777/prevalence-of-psychological-stress-depression-and-anxiety-among-medical-students-in-egypt
#19
Mohamed Fawzy, Sherifa A Hamed
Poor psychological health in medical students has been reported nationwide. This study estimated the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among medical students who were enrolled in a public university in Upper Egypt and determine the association of these morbidities with the students' basic socio-demographic variables. This cross-sectional study included 700 students. A self-administered, questionnaire for the socio-demographic characteristics, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 21) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire were used for assessment...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572738/sleep-and-somatic-complaints-in-university-students
#20
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Sara M Hellmann, Claus Vögele, Marco D Gulewitsch
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain. Previous results suggest that poor sleep exacerbates pain, which in turn negatively affects sleep. The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence rates, comorbidity, and role of depression as a factor of moderating the relationship between sleep and physical complaints in German university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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