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university students and anxiety and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618249/an-integrative-study-of-motivation-and-goal-regulation-processes-in-subclinical-anxiety-depression-and-hypomania
#1
Joanne M Dickson, Sheri Johnson, Christopher D Huntley, Andrew Peckham, Peter J Taylor
Research has implicated motivation and goal regulation in susceptibility to mood disorders. We studied for the first time key facets of motivation and goal regulation concurrently in relation to affective symptoms. The cross-national sample comprised 510 university students from the United States (n = 279) and United Kingdom (n = 231). Participants completed self-report measures of motivation, conditional goal setting, urgency, depression, anxiety, and mania risk. Structural Equation Modeling results found that behavioral activation system scores correlated negatively with depression and positively with mania risk, but were unrelated to anxiety...
June 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591024/effects-of-auricular-acupressure-on-sleep-quality-anxiety-and-depressed-mood-in-rn-bsn-students-with-sleep-disturbance
#2
Ke-Hsin Chueh, Chia-Chuan Chang, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Students in 2-year registered nurse to Bachelor of Science in nursing (RN-BSN) programs usually work full-time and study part-time. Sleep disturbance, anxiety, and depression are known to be common health problems among these students. Prior research has described the effectiveness of auricular acupressure (AA) in reducing sleep disturbance and improving mood. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using a 4-week AA program that adheres to a magnetic pellet on the shenmen acupoint on sleep quality, anxiousness, and depressed moods in nursing students with sleep disturbance...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588005/delivering-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-young-adults-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-using-a-fully-automated-conversational-agent-woebot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Alison Darcy, Molly Vierhile
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) apps have demonstrated efficacy but are characterized by poor adherence. Conversational agents may offer a convenient, engaging way of getting support at any time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a fully automated conversational agent to deliver a self-help program for college students who self-identify as having symptoms of anxiety and depression...
June 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575777/prevalence-of-psychological-stress-depression-and-anxiety-among-medical-students-in-egypt
#4
Mohamed Fawzy, Sherifa A Hamed
Poor psychological health in medical students has been reported nationwide. This study estimated the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among medical students who were enrolled in a public university in Upper Egypt and determine the association of these morbidities with the students' basic socio-demographic variables. This cross-sectional study included 700 students. A self-administered, questionnaire for the socio-demographic characteristics, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 21) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire were used for assessment...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572738/sleep-and-somatic-complaints-in-university-students
#5
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Sara M Hellmann, Claus Vögele, Marco D Gulewitsch
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain. Previous results suggest that poor sleep exacerbates pain, which in turn negatively affects sleep. The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence rates, comorbidity, and role of depression as a factor of moderating the relationship between sleep and physical complaints in German university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559924/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-universal-prevention-program-for-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#6
Rowan Burckhardt, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Philip J Batterham, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Fiona Shand
BACKGROUND: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14-16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555115/long-term-results-from-the-empowering-a-multimodal-pathway-toward-healthy-youth-program-a-multimodal-school-based-approach-show-marked-reductions-in-suicidality-depression-and-anxiety-in-6-227-students-in-grades-6-12-aged-11-18
#7
Peter H Silverstone, Marni Bercov, Victoria Y M Suen, Andrea Allen, Ivor Cribben, Jodi Goodrick, Stu Henry, Catherine Pryce, Pieter Langstraat, Katherine Rittenbach, Samprita Chakraborty, Rutger C Engles, Christopher McCabe
Here, we report on findings from a 15-month follow-up of a school-based program called Empowering a Multimodal Pathway Toward Healthy Youth (EMPATHY). This was primarily intended to reduce suicidal thinking in pre-teens, adolescents, and youth students aged 11-18 in middle schools (Grades 6-8) and high SCHOOLS (Grades 9-12). It also aimed to reduce depression and anxiety. The EMPATHY multimodal program consisted of repeated data collection, identification of a high-risk group, a rapid intervention for this high-risk group including offering supervised online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program, a universal CBT intervention for those in Grades 6-8, a variety of interactions with trained staff ("Resiliency Coaches"), and referral to external medical and psychiatric services where appropriate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550444/illness-perception-is-a-strong-parameter-on-anxiety-and-depression-scores-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-survivors-a-single-center-cross-sectional-study-of-turkish-patients
#8
Tulay Kus, Gokmen Aktas, Hatice Ekici, Gulcin Elboga, Sabire Djamgoz
BACKGROUND: Illness perception has been suggested to have a significant effect on anxiety and depression in cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate this on Turkish breast cancer patients with follow-up periods up to 12 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 225 patients (with 6 months to 12 years follow-up) were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The patients were divided into three groups of follow-up: 6 months-2 years, 2-5 years, and >5 years...
May 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#9
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#10
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505139/mental-health-problems-and-related-factors-in-ecuadorian-college-students
#11
Claudia Torres, Patricia Otero, Byron Bustamante, Vanessa Blanco, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
Although the mental health problems of college students have been the subject of increasing research, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuadorian college students. The aim of this study was to determine the mental health problems and their associated factors in Ecuadorian freshmen university students. A sample of 1092 students (53.7% women; mean age = 18.3 years) were recruited from the Technical Particular University of Loja (Ecuador). Socio-demographic, academic, and clinical characteristics were gathered, as well as information on the participants' mental health through a number of mental health screens...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#12
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483090/the-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-4-item-suicidal-behaviors-questionnaire-revised-sbq-r-as-a-screening-tool-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-nigerian-university-students
#13
Olutayo Aloba, Olubunmi Ojeleye, Tolulope Aloba
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major contribution to mortality among university students in developed countries. There is no reliable and validated self-report suicide assessment scale with adequate sensitivity and specificity for the identification of Nigerian university students who are at risk of future suicidal behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of the 4 item Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) as a screening tool for suicide risk assessment among university undergraduate students in South-western Nigeria...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#14
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460287/the-relationship-of-social-anxiety-disorder-symptoms-with-probable-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-turkish-university-students-impact-of-negative-affect-and-personality-traits-of-neuroticism-and-extraversion
#15
Cuneyt Evren, Ercan Dalbudak, Secil Ozen, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) while controlling the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion, anxiety and depression symptoms in a sample of Turkish university students (n=455). Participants were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1...
April 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458716/moderate-depression-promotes-posttraumatic-growth-ptg-a-young-population-survey-2-years-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake
#16
V Bianchini, L Giusti, A Salza, V Cofini, M G Cifone, M Casacchia, L Fabiani, R Roncone
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes can result in a range of psychopathology and in negative and positive consequences for survivors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between clinical aftereffects (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among young survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, Italy. METHOD: 316 young earthquake survivors enrolled in the University of L'Aquila were evaluated two years after the natural disaster...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434473/the-effect-of-applying-pressure-to-the-liv3-and-li4-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Seyed-Abdolvahab Taghavi, Helen Allan, Fatemeh Beheshti, Asma Khalili, Fahimeh Miri, Marziyeh Rezaei, Mahbobeh Mojgori, Fatemeh Imaninasab, Fahimeh Irani, Shohreh Salari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of simple acupressure protocol in LIV3, LI4 and placebo points on the quality of life (QOL) in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). METHOD: This paper reports a randomized, single blinded clinical trial. 97 participants (students in of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran) with PMS were allocated to three groups to receive 20min acupressure on different acupoints for 14days before menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles (training and then two cycles self applied acupressure)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#18
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395247/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-consumption-behaviors-among-young-french-people
#19
Tianna Loose, Didier Acier
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies suggest that social, enhancement, conformity and coping drinking motives each lead to unique behavioral patterns related to alcohol consumption. Recently it has been suggested to study specific coping motives that distinguish feelings of anxiety and depression. This study aims primarily to 1) psychometrically validate the recent five factor questionnaire of drinking motives among young French people, 2) explore differences in mean endorsements of motives across age and sex and 3) explore the concurrent validity of drinking motives by studying their associations with alcohol consumption behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380173/academic-performance-of-students-who-underwent-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-students-mental-health-service-of-a-brazilian-university
#20
Cláudia Ribeiro Franulovic Campos, Maria Lilian Coelho Oliveira, Tânia Maron Vichi Freire de Mello, Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: University students are generally at the typical age of onset of mental disorders that may affect their academic performance. We aimed to characterize the university students attended by psychiatrists at the students' mental health service (SAPPE) and to compare their academic performance with that of non-patient students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on review of medical files and survey of academic data at a Brazilian public university...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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