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university students and anxiety and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#1
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#2
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505139/mental-health-problems-and-related-factors-in-ecuadorian-college-students
#3
Claudia Torres, Patricia Otero, Byron Bustamante, Vanessa Blanco, Olga Díaz, Fernando L Vázquez
Although the mental health problems of college students have been the subject of increasing research, there are no studies about its prevalence in Ecuadorian college students. The aim of this study was to determine the mental health problems and their associated factors in Ecuadorian freshmen university students. A sample of 1092 students (53.7% women; mean age = 18.3 years) were recruited from the Technical Particular University of Loja (Ecuador). Socio-demographic, academic, and clinical characteristics were gathered, as well as information on the participants' mental health through a number of mental health screens...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#4
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483090/the-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-4-item-suicidal-behaviors-questionnaire-revised-sbq-r-as-a-screening-tool-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-nigerian-university-students
#5
Olutayo Aloba, Olubunmi Ojeleye, Tolulope Aloba
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major contribution to mortality among university students in developed countries. There is no reliable and validated self-report suicide assessment scale with adequate sensitivity and specificity for the identification of Nigerian university students who are at risk of future suicidal behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of the 4 item Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) as a screening tool for suicide risk assessment among university undergraduate students in South-western Nigeria...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#6
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460287/the-relationship-of-social-anxiety-disorder-symptoms-with-probable-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-turkish-university-students-impact-of-negative-affect-and-personality-traits-of-neuroticism-and-extraversion
#7
Cuneyt Evren, Ercan Dalbudak, Secil Ozen, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) while controlling the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion, anxiety and depression symptoms in a sample of Turkish university students (n=455). Participants were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1...
April 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458716/moderate-depression-promotes-posttraumatic-growth-ptg-a-young-population-survey-2-years-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake
#8
V Bianchini, L Giusti, A Salza, V Cofini, M G Cifone, M Casacchia, L Fabiani, R Roncone
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes can result in a range of psychopathology and in negative and positive consequences for survivors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between clinical aftereffects (anxiety and depressive symptoms) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among young survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, Italy. METHOD: 316 young earthquake survivors enrolled in the University of L'Aquila were evaluated two years after the natural disaster...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434473/the-effect-of-applying-pressure-to-the-liv3-and-li4-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Seyed-Abdolvahab Taghavi, Helen Allan, Fatemeh Beheshti, Asma Khalili, Fahimeh Miri, Marziyeh Rezaei, Mahbobeh Mojgori, Fatemeh Imaninasab, Fahimeh Irani, Shohreh Salari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of simple acupressure protocol in LIV3, LI4 and placebo points on the quality of life (QOL) in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). METHOD: This paper reports a randomized, single blinded clinical trial. 97 participants (students in of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran) with PMS were allocated to three groups to receive 20min acupressure on different acupoints for 14days before menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles (training and then two cycles self applied acupressure)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#10
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395247/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-consumption-behaviors-among-young-french-people
#11
Tianna Loose, Didier Acier
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies suggest that social, enhancement, conformity and coping drinking motives each lead to unique behavioral patterns related to alcohol consumption. Recently it has been suggested to study specific coping motives that distinguish feelings of anxiety and depression. This study aims primarily to 1) psychometrically validate the recent five factor questionnaire of drinking motives among young French people, 2) explore differences in mean endorsements of motives across age and sex and 3) explore the concurrent validity of drinking motives by studying their associations with alcohol consumption behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380173/academic-performance-of-students-who-underwent-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-students-mental-health-service-of-a-brazilian-university
#12
Cláudia Ribeiro Franulovic Campos, Maria Lilian Coelho Oliveira, Tânia Maron Vichi Freire de Mello, Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: University students are generally at the typical age of onset of mental disorders that may affect their academic performance. We aimed to characterize the university students attended by psychiatrists at the students' mental health service (SAPPE) and to compare their academic performance with that of non-patient students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on review of medical files and survey of academic data at a Brazilian public university...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367168/prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-its-association-with-anxiety-among-medical-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-in-riyadh
#13
Meshal Khaled Alaqeel, Nasser Abdullah Alowaimer, Anas Fahad Alonezan, Nawaf Yousef Almegbel, Fahad Yousef Alaujan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) among medical students of King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) and to observe the association between anxiety and IBS. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study conducted during academic year 2015-2016 has used two self-administered, pre-validated questionnaires: Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) and Rome III criteria. The sample size was 270, and proportional allocation was used to determine distribution of this sample across study population based on percentages of students in each academic year...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364967/-does-the-french-big-five-inventory-evaluate-facets-other-than-the-big-five-factors
#14
R Courtois, J-M Petot, B Lignier, G Lecocq, O Plaisant
INTRODUCTION: The Big Five Inventory (BFI) developed by John et al. (1991) is one of the most widely accepted tools for assessing dimensions of personality. It comprises 44 items that assess five broad dimensions of personality (the Big Five Factors): Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to experience. Based on correlations with the facets described in the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), another Big Five assessment tool with 240 items and 6 facets per dimension, Soto and John (2009) showed that the dimensions in the BFI could be divided into two facets each (ten facets altogether)...
March 29, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362249/the-intersection-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-related-behavior-patterns-of-elevated-risk-and-implications-for-college-mental-health
#15
Robert J Cramer, Amanda C La Guardia, Claire Bryson, Kelley Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the overlap of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) among college students with regard to demographics, mental health, and coping styles. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents were 572 undergraduate students at a southwestern public university. METHODS: Data were collected in 2015. Respondents completed a demographic survey and assessments of NSSI, SRB, internalizing symptoms (ie, anxiety, stress, and depression), aggression, and negative coping strategies...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360934/sleep-disturbances-and-mental-strain-in-university-students-results-from-an-online-survey-in-luxembourg-and-germany
#16
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Julia Grünwald, Claus Vögele
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of sleep disturbances and mental strain in students from two European countries, Luxembourg and Germany. METHODS: A total of 2831 students took part in an online survey, with 2777 students from Germany and 184 students from Luxembourg. Sleep disturbances were assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and aspects of mental strain using the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Social-Interactive-Anxiety Scale, the self-efficacy questionnaire and the test anxiety questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360880/-mal-adaptive-psychological-functioning-of-students-utilizing-university-counseling-services
#17
Valeria Biasi, Rita Cerutti, Luca Mallia, Francesca Menozzi, Nazarena Patrizi, Cristiano Violani
Background: University students confront psychological difficulties that can negatively influence their academic performance. The present study aimed to assess several areas of adaptive and maladaptive psychological functioning among university students who request counseling services. Method: One hundred eighty-four young female students seeking professional psychological help (Counseling seekers) and 185 young female students who have never asked for psychological help (Non-counseling seekers) were asked to complete the Adult Self-Report (ASR) to evaluate both their internalizing and externalizing problems through DSM-oriented scales as well as their adaptive functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358274/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-prevention-of-mental-health-problems-in-college-students-enhancing-coping-and-executive-function-skills
#18
Alexandra H Bettis, Mary Jo Coiro, Jessica England, Lexa K Murphy, Rachel L Zelkowitz, Leandra Dejardins, Rachel Eskridge, Laura Hieber Adery, Janet Yarboi, Daniel Pardo, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: College students face a significant number of stressors, increasing risk for internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. The current study examines two promising avenues of intervention aimed to reduce stress and prevent psychopathology in this population: a coping skills group and a cognitive training program. PARTICIPANTS: 62 undergraduate students from two universities were recruited from 2013 to 2015. METHODS: Students were randomized to a 6-week coping skills group or cognitive training program and completed measures of stress, coping, executive function, and symptoms of anxiety, depression and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) at pre- and post-intervention...
March 30, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287201/-depression-anxiety-and-anger-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Carmela Mento, Giuseppa Gallo, Giulia Lanza, Basilio Pintaudi, Giacoma Di Vieste, Antonino Di Benedetto, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and anger on clinical expression of type 1 diabetes, also assessing possible gender differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus afferent to Diabetology Unit of the University Hospital in Messina underwent the following psychodiagnostic tests: Hamilton Rating Scale For Depression (HDRS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277731/impostor-feelings-as-a-moderator-and-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-racial-ethnic-minority-college-students
#20
Kevin Cokley, Leann Smith, Donte Bernard, Ashley Hurst, Stacey Jackson, Steven Stone, Olufunke Awosogba, Chastity Saucer, Marlon Bailey, Davia Roberts
This study investigated whether impostor feelings would both moderate and mediate the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in a sample of diverse ethnic minority college students (106 African Americans, 102 Asian Americans, 108 Latino/a Americans) at an urban public university. African American students reported higher perceived discrimination than Asian American and Latino/a American students, while no racial/ethnic group differences were reported for impostor feelings. Analyses revealed that among African American students, high levels of impostor feelings moderated the perceived discrimination and depression relationship and mediated the perceived discrimination and anxiety relationship...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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