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university students and anxiety and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911672/college-students-coping-with-interpersonal-stress-examining-a-control-based-model-of-coping
#1
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: 135 undergraduate students from two universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#2
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881921/the-occurrence-and-predictive-factors-of-sleep-paralysis-in-university-students
#4
Monika Lišková, Denisa Janečková, Lucie Klůzová Kráčmarová, Karolína Mladá, Jitka Bušková
The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence and predictive factors of sleep paralysis (SP) in Czech university students. Our sample included 606 students who had experienced at least one episode of SP. The participants completed an online battery of questionnaires involving questionnaires focused on describing their sleep habits and SP episodes, the 18-item Boundary Questionnaire (BQ-18), the Modified Tellegen Absorption Scale (MODTAS), the Dissociative Experience Scale Taxon, the Beck Depression Inventory II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874837/effectiveness-of-spiritist-passe-spiritual-healing-on-the-psychophysiological-parameters-in-hospitalized-patients
#5
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
July 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873517/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-lifetime-stressor-checklist-revised-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-anxiety-or-depressive-disorders
#6
Kang Rok Choi, Daeho Kim, Eun Young Jang, Hwallip Bae, Seok Hyeon Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic events and adverse stressful experiences are major etiological factors in a wide variety of physical and mental disorders. Developing psychological instruments that can be easily administered and that have good psychometric properties have become an integral part for research and practice. This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Lifetime Stressor Checklist-Revised (LSC-R) in a consecutive sample of psychiatric outpatients. The LSC-R is a 30-item self-reporting questionnaire examining lifetime traumatic and non-traumatic stressors...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869250/preliminary-analyses-of-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-polish-version-of-the-obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-oci-r-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Krystyna Golonka, Magda Gawłowska
OBJECTIVES: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety-spectrum disorder that affects 1-2% of the adult population. People with OCD are more likely to report impaired social and occupational functioning. Although effective treatments of the OCD exist, many sufferers from this disorder are continuously misdiagnosed. Therefore, improving the assessment of the OCD remains an important area of scientific research. The main goal of the study is the initial verification of psychometric properties in the Polish version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) in a college student sample...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832698/the-association-between-attention-control-anxiety-and-depression-the-indirect-effects-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-and-mood-recovery
#8
Sarah J Kertz, Kimberly T Stevens, Keith P Klein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention control deficits and repetitive negative thinking (RNT; i.e., rumination) may be key factors in the development and persistence of depression and anxiety, although their role in symptom development remains poorly understood. This represents a gap in the literature, as interventions targeting attention control and associated RNT may enhance interventions and prevent costly relapse. The current study was designed to examine the serial indirect effects of transdiagnostic RNT and negative affect recovery following a lab-induced stressor on the association between attention control deficits and trait anxiety and depression...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822282/the-role-of-neuroticism-and-experiential-avoidance-in-predicting-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-mediating-effect-of-emotion-regulation
#9
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Imaneh Abasi, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Morteza Fatehi
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence supports the role of neuroticism, experiential avoidance and emotion regulation in anxiety and depression; however, the mechanism of these relationships is not known well. OBJECTIVES: The present study mainly aimed to assess the mediating role of emotion regulation in the relationship between neuroticism and experiential avoidance and anxiety and depression symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By convenient sampling, 316 students from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences and University of Tehran were selected and measures of experiential avoidance, neuroticism, emotion regulation, worry, anxiety and depression were administered among them, 2014-2015...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821267/school-based-depression-and-anxiety-prevention-programs-for-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Yael Perry, Alison L Calear, Jill M Newby, Helen Christensen
Depression and anxiety often emerge for the first time during youth. The school environment provides an ideal context to deliver prevention programs, with potential to offset the trajectory towards disorder. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of randomised-controlled trials of psychological programs, designed to prevent depression and/or anxiety in children and adolescents delivered in school settings. Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published until February 2015...
October 24, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821143/prevalence-of-mental-distress-and-associated-factors-among-hawassa-university-medical-students-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Biniam Melese, Birhanu Bayu, Fikir Wondwossen, Kalkidan Tilahun, Seti Lema, Moges Ayehu, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Mental distress is a mental health problem expressed with variable levels of depressive, anxiety, panic or somatic symptoms. Owing to several factors tertiary level students are among the population with higher prevalence of mental distress and an even more higher prevalence has been reported in medical students. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental distress among medical students, and to evaluate contextually relevant associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students attending Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences in 2013/2014 academic year...
November 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804284/learning-styles-academic-achievement-and-mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-thailand
#12
Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of various learning styles among medical students and their correlations with academic achievement and mental health problems in these students. METHODS: This study was conducted among 140 first-year medical students of Chiang Mai University, Thailand in 2014. The participants completed the visual-aural-read/write-kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire, the results of which can be categorized into 4 modes, corresponding to how many of the 4 types are preferred by a respondent...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794561/assessment-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-among-medical-students-in-portugal
#13
Ricardo Coentre, Carlo Faravelli, Maria Luísa Figueira
Objectives: To examine depression and suicidal behaviour and associated factors in a sample of medical students in Portugal. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study design of 456 native Portuguese medical students from the 4(th) and 5(th) year at the University of Lisbon. Participants answered a self-report survey including questions on demographic and clinical variables. Statistical analyses were conducted using the chi-square test, with a Monte Carlo simulation when appropriate...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749640/the-relationship-between-the-bmi-and-the-emotional-status-of-alexandria-university-students-egypt
#14
Heba A Abdel Sadek, Mervat W Abu-Nazel, Zeinab N Shata, Nesrin K Abd El-Fatah
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between obesity and depression has been researched extensively, the relation of the wide range of body-weight problems, as indicated by the BMI, to emotional health problems has received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rate of concomitant co-occurrence of emotional health and weight problems in Alexandria University students, and to investigate the relationship between their BMI and emotional status. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 842 university students (17-27 years), enrolled in four faculties of Alexandria University, Egypt, during the academic year 2012-2013...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712687/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-chronic-sexual-harassment-during-the-transition-to-college-examination-of-a-two-part-growth-mixture-model
#15
Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
A two-part latent growth mixture model was implemented in order to examine heterogeneity in the growth of sexual harassment (SH) victimization in college and university students, and the extent to which SH class membership explains substance use and mental health outcomes for certain groups of students. Demographic risk factors, mental health, and substance use were examined as they related to chronically experienced SH victimization. Incoming freshmen students (N = 2855; 58% female; 54% White) completed a survey at five time points...
November 2016: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695366/primary-dysmenorrhea-magnitude-associated-risk-factors-and-its-effect-on-academic-performance-evidence-from-female-university-students-in-ethiopia
#16
Solomon Hailemeskel, Asrate Demissie, Nigussie Assefa
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common gynecologic compliant among adolescent females. There is a wide variation in the estimate of PD, which ranges from 50% to 90%, and the disorder is the most common cause of work and school absenteeism in adolescent females. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of PD among female university students and understand its effects on students' academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed in 440 research participants...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672325/autistic-traits-in-women-with-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-case-control-study
#17
Harun Toy, Arzu Hergüner, Sevcan Şimşek, Sabri Hergüner
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that women with autism spectrum disorder have higher rates of menstrual problems, including irregular menstrual cycles, unusually painful periods (dysmenorrhea), and excessive menstrual bleeding. In this study, we investigated the autistic traits in female university students with primary dysmenorrhea (PD). METHODS: Seventy females with PD and 70 females without PD were enrolled in the study. The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was used to measure autistic traits and the Brief Symptom Inventory was used for evaluating anxiety and depression levels...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618306/internet-addiction-and-relationships-with-insomnia-anxiety-depression-stress-and-self-esteem-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-designed-study
#18
Farah Younes, Ghinwa Halawi, Hicham Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Latife Karam, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet addiction (IA) could be a major concern in university medical students aiming to develop into health professionals. The implications of this addiction as well as its association with sleep, mood disorders and self-esteem can hinder their studies, impact their long-term career goals and have wide and detrimental consequences for society as a whole. The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess potential IA in university medical students, as well as factors associated with it; 2) Assess the relationships between potential IA, insomnia, depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601935/resource-oriented-coaching-for-reduction-of-examination-related-stress-in-medical-students-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Thomas Kötter, Frank Niebuhr
INTRODUCTION: The years spent in acquiring medical education is considered a stressful period in the life of many students. Students whose mental health deteriorates during this long period of study are less likely to become empathic and productive physicians. In addition to other specific stressors, academic examinations seem to further induce medical school-related stress and anxiety. Combined group and individual resource-oriented coaching early in medical education might reduce examination-related stress and anxiety and, consequently, enhance academic performance...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598799/cognitive-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression-links-to-racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-adjustment-among-latino-a-and-asian-heritage-college-students
#20
Linda P Juang, Ursula Moffitt, Su Yeong Kim, Richard M Lee, José Angel Soto, Eric Hurley, Robert S Weisskirch, Shelley A Blozis, Linda G Castillo, Que-Lam Huynh, Susan Krauss Whitborne
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether two key emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, moderated the relations between discrimination (i.e., foreigner objectification and general denigration) and adjustment. METHODS: Participants were U.S. Latino/a and Asian-heritage college students (N = 1,279, 67% female, 72% U.S. born) from the Multi-Site University Study of Identity and Culture (MUSIC). Students completed online self-report surveys in 2009...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
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