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university students and anxiety and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154171/early-maladaptive-schemas-as-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-later-psychological-distress-among-chinese-college-students
#1
Jingbo Gong, Raymond C K Chan
The aim of the current study was to examine whether early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) mediate the association between different kinds of childhood maltreatment and later psychopathology and the effect of different kinds of childhood maltreatment on psychological distress in later life. A total of 1102 college students from two local universities participated in the study; their average age was 20.46 ± 1.13 years. The participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Early Maladaptive Schemas Scale (EMSs), the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS)...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#2
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122226/-relationship-between-personality-organization-and-the-prevalence-of-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-university-students-in-health-careers-in-the-region-of-coquimbo-chile
#3
René Barraza López, Nadia Muñoz Navarro, Ana Contreras Astorga
OBJECTIVE: The literature reports a set of variables associated with depression, anxiety and stress in health career students. The only one of these that could have a constant input is the structure of personality organisation. The present study aims to determine the relationship between the dimensions of personality organization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms reported by first-year university health career students. METHODS: Under a non-experimental ex-post-facto design, the personality organisation was evaluated in 235 1st year university, medical, nursing, and kinesiology from three universities of La Serena and Coquimbo (Chile)...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120200/presenting-concerns-in-counseling-centers-the-view-from-clinicians-on-the-ground
#4
Andrés E Pérez-Rojas, Allison J Lockard, Theodore T Bartholomew, Rebecca A Janis, Dever M Carney, Henry Xiao, Soo Jeong Youn, Brett E Scofield, Benjamin D Locke, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes
Despite growing evidence that a greater number of students are seeking counseling in college and university counseling centers throughout the United States, there is a dearth of empirical information about (a) the presenting concerns for which students seek treatment and (b) how these concerns differ according to client demographic factors. The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory study was to explore how counseling center clinicians categorize client presenting concerns, and how these concerns vary according to client demographics...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120199/are-we-in-crisis-national-mental-health-and-treatment-trends-in-college-counseling-centers
#5
Henry Xiao, Dever M Carney, Soo Jeong Youn, Rebecca A Janis, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
The current state of college student mental health is frequently labeled a "crisis," as the demand for services and severity of symptomatology have appeared to increase in recent decades. Nationally representative findings are presented from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, a practice research network based in the United States, composed of more than 340 university and college counseling centers, in an effort to illuminate trends in symptom severity and patterns in treatment utilization for the campus treatment seeking population...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109690/comorbid-mental-disorders-and-6-month-symptomatic-and-functioning-outcomes-in-chinese-university-students-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#6
Jingyu Shi, Lu Wang, Yuhong Yao, Na Su, Chenyu Zhan, Ziyu Mao, Xudong Zhao
Background: High rates of non-psychotic psychopathological symptoms have been observed in clinical population at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. These comorbid disorders affected the baseline functional level of CHR patients. However, little is known about the comorbid mental disorder in CHR individuals in non-clinical adolescent population. This study aimed to investigate the comorbid mental disorder in non-clinical CHR adolescents and the impact on attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS) as well as clinical outcome...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109664/a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-medical-sciences-students
#7
Farkhondeh Jamshidi, Sasan Mogehi, Maria Cheraghi, Seiedeh Farzaneh Jafari, Iman Kabi, Leila Rashidi
Introduction: Aim of article was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (depression, social dysfunction, anxiety and somatic symptoms) and some of its influencing factors in freshmen at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which has conducted among 781 new students of all faculties of University in 2014. A study tool was the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28). Results: Founding of this study has shown that from 781 students under study (33% male and 67% female)...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103016/alcohol-and-other-substance-use-among-medical-and-law-students-at-a-uk-university-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#8
Paul Bogowicz, Jennifer Ferguson, Eilish Gilvarry, Farhad Kamali, Eileen Kaner, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the use of alcohol and other substances among medical and law students at a UK university. STUDY DESIGN: Anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire survey of first, second and final year medical and law students at a single UK university. RESULTS: 1242 of 1577 (78.8%) eligible students completed the questionnaire. Over half of first and second year medical students (first year 53.1%, second year 59.7%, final year 35...
November 4, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096555/psychometric-properties-of-the-flourishing-scale-and-measurement-invariance-between-two-samples-of-spanish-university-students
#9
Rocio De la Fuente, Agueda Parra, Inmaculada Sánchez-Queija
The Flourishing Scale (FS), created by Diener et al., is a brief subjective perception measurement which assesses flourishing and provides a single score across 8 items. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the FS. Participants were 1,502 university students from different faculties and fields of knowledge. The results reveal good internal consistency. The single factor structure of the FS was supported by the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, which also provided evidence of the invariant structure of the scale across two subsamples...
December 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093971/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-variables-and-sleep-quality-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#10
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Nahid Jamshidi, Javad Salami, Elahe Pourjam
Objectives: Students of medical sciences are exposed to many emotional and mental problems. In light of the importance of sleep quality in learning and liveliness, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological variables (stress, anxiety, and depression) and sleep quality of students. Design: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study, where all students studying at Fasa University of Medical Sciences in 2012-2013 year were selected...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076675/suicidal-ideation-depression-anxiety-stress-and-life-satisfaction-of-medical-engineering-and-social-sciences-students
#11
Sabahat Naseem, Seema Munaf
BACKGROUND: Pursuing higher education is not an easy task as it requires hard work, dedication, and motivation. Although there are many rewards involved in growing up academically, nevertheless, it contains a few hazards too. For instance, suicidal ideation is associated with presence of depression, anxiety, and stress with low level of satisfaction with life in students finding difficulty in handling educational demands of higher education. Therefore, the present study focused on the query that whether there is any difference or not among medical, engineering, and social sciences students of city of Karachi, Pakistan in the level of suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030085/are-emotionally-driven-and-addictive-like-eating-behaviors-the-missing-links-between-psychological-distress-and-greater-body-weight
#12
L Bourdier, M Orri, A Carre, A N Gearhardt, L Romo, C Dantzer, S Berthoz
There is now a large body of evidence suggesting a significant association between emotional discomfort management, disordered eating behaviors and weight status. In the field of overweight and obesity, emotionally driven eating habits that resemble addictive behaviors are considered as a risk factor. This study aimed to investigate in a large sample of French university students 1) the associations between self-reported levels of psychological distress (PD), emotional eating (EE), food addiction (FA) and Body Mass Index (BMI); and 2) the potential mediation effect of eating behaviors (EE and FA) between PD and BMI...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977285/factor-structure-and-construct-validity-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-7-item-gad-7-among-portuguese-college-students
#14
Ana Bártolo, Sara Monteiro, Anabela Pereira
: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale has been presented as a reliable and valid measure to assess generalized anxiety symptoms in several clinical settings and among the general population. However, some researches did not support the original one-dimensional structure of the GAD-7 tool. Our main aim was to examine the factor structure of GAD-7 comparing the one-factor model fit with a two-factor model (3 somatic nature symptoms and 4 cognitive-emotional nature symptoms) in a sample of college students...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969248/quality-of-life-mental-health-and-educational-stress-of-high-school-students-in-the-northeast-of-thailand
#15
Supat Assana, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Poonsri Rangseekajee
INTRODUCTION: Majority of high school students in Thailand aim to study at universities. Therefore, they spend a lot of time studying in both classrooms and tutorial classes, that could cause stress, health problems and deteriorate their Quality Of Life (QOL). However, there has been no study on these issues in Thai context. AIM: To describe the status of QOL, mental health, educational stress, well-being and determine factors associated with QOL among high school students in the Northeast of Thailand...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953783/the-wounded-healer-film-a-london-college-of-communication-event-to-challenge-mental-health-stigma-through-the-power-of-motion-picture
#16
Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Benjamin Geers, Gus Rosie, Grainne Breslin, Lilly Barr, Frederick R Carrick, Sal Anderson
BACKGROUND: There is a preponderance of mental health problems in students on a global scale which can have a considerable effect on their academic performance and a profound impact on their quality of life. Many universities offer free counselling services however despite this a recent study in the US revealed that up to 84% of students who screened positive for depression or anxiety did not receive any treatment. There are many obstacles that students with mental health problems encounter that prevents them from receiving care, foremost among these is stigma...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#17
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925799/factors-associated-with-marijuana-use-and-problems-among-college-students-in-colorado
#18
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Kerry D Duck
BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that heavy marijuana use can impact student outcomes. Frequent use and misuse of marijuana have been associated with a range of psychological and personality factors in young adults, but there has been limited research focused on the college environment in states where marijuana has been legalized for recreational purposes. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether marijuana use and problems were associated with a range of demographic, personality, and psychological variables among college students at a midsized Colorado university...
September 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924013/reward-related-ventral-striatum-activity-buffers-against-the-experience-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-sleep-disturbances
#19
Reut Avinun, Adam Nevo, Annchen R Knodt, Maxwell L Elliott, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Sleep disturbances represent one risk factor for depression. Reward-related brain function, particularly the activity of the ventral striatum (VS), has been identified as a potential buffer against stress-related depression. We were therefore interested in testing whether reward-related VS activity would moderate the effect of sleep disturbances on depression in a large cohort of young adults. Data were available from 1129 university students (mean age 19.71 ± 1.25 years; 637 women) who completed a reward-related functional MRI task to assay VS activity and provided self-reports of sleep using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and symptoms of depression using a summation of the General Distress/Depression and Anhedonic Depression subscales of the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire-short form...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910673/a-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-a-secondary-school-mindfulness-program-for-early-adolescents-do-we-have-the-recipe-right-yet
#20
Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, Tracey Wade
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness is being promoted in schools as a prevention program despite a current small evidence base. The aim of this research was to conduct a rigorous evaluation of the .b ("Dot be") mindfulness curriculum, with or without parental involvement, compared to a control condition. METHOD: In a randomized controlled design, students (Mage 13.44, SD 0.33; 45.4% female) across a broad range of socioeconomic indicators received the nine lesson curriculum delivered by an external facilitator with (N = 191) or without (N = 186) parental involvement, or were allocated to a usual curriculum control group (N = 178)...
September 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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