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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223059/fear-of-future-terrorism-associated-psychiatric-burden
#1
T Abiola, O Udofia, T L Sheikh, D A Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217679/effect-of-calcium-on-premenstrual-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Fatemeh Shobeiri, Fahimeh Ezzati Araste, Reihaneh Ebrahimi, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Mansour Nazari
OBJECTIVE: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects millions of women and is known as the most important disorder among them. The very aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of low dose calcium on severity of PMS. METHODS: This study can be considered as a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Female students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences diagnosed with PMS in 2014 participated in the present study. Sixty-six female students diagnosed with PMS were involved in the experimental and control groups...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#3
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186024/a-student-centered-mental-health-virtual-community-needs-and-features-a-focus-group-study
#4
Christo El Morr, Catherine Maule, Iqra Ashfaq, Paul Ritvo, Farah Ahmad
Mental health is a pervasive challenge in the population and especially for university/college students on campuses across North America. Anxiety, stress and depression are on the rise and a scalable, economically sound innovation is essential to address these mental health challenges. The research team has conducted 8 focus groups in April to May 2016 in order to elicit perspectives of students at York University about their online activities and the development of an online mindfulness based Mental Health Virtual Community...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179889/predictors-of-stress-in-college-students
#5
REVIEW
Dalia Saleh, Nathalie Camart, Lucia Romo
University students often face different stressful situations and preoccupations: the first contact with the university, the freedom of schedule organization, the selection of their master's degree, very selective fields, etc. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a model of vulnerability to stress in French college students. Stress factors were evaluated by a battery of six scales that was accessible online during 3 months. A total of 483 students, aged between 18 and 24 years (Mean = 20.23, standard deviation = 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167303/psychological-and-lifestyle-factors-that-influence-the-serial%C3%A2-reporting-of-postconcussion-like-symptoms-in-a-nonconcussed-population
#6
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Josie Athens, Anthony Gerard Schneiders, Paul McCrory, Stephen John Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Symptoms related to concussion are generally found to be nonspecific in nature, as they are also reported by nonconcussed individuals. What is currently not known is whether the symptoms vary over time, and whether they are also influenced by a multitude of factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential influence of psychological, lifestyle, and situational factors on the change in postconcussion-like symptoms reported over 7 consecutive days in a cohort of normal individuals...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#7
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130893/perceptions-of-psychological-abuse-versus-physical-abuse-and-their-relationship-with-mental-health-outcomes
#8
B S Sandra F Masci, Sonya Sanderson
Prior research has been limited in examining at what degree aggressive actions are initially perceived negatively. Thepresent research examined whether anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were associated with prior abuse or with being attributed to past or present relationships. Scales such as the Dating Relationship Profile (DRP) and hypothetical scenarios of abuse perpetration were used. This study hypothesized that acceptability ratings from hypothetical scenarios would predict answers on DRP items measuring whether physical or psychological abuse is considered acceptable in relationships...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127442/comparing-counselling-alone-versus-counselling-supplemented-with-guided-use-of-a-well-being-app-for-university-students-experiencing-anxiety-or-depression-caseload-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial
#9
Emma Broglia, Abigail Millings, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: University counselling services face a unique challenge to offer short-term therapeutic support to students presenting with complex mental health needs and in a setting which suits the academic timetable. The recent availability of mobile phone applications (apps) offers an opportunity to supplement face-to-face therapy and has the potential to reach a wider audience, maintain engagement between therapy sessions, and enhance therapeutic outcomes. The present study, entitled Counselling plus Apps for Students Experiencing Levels of Anxiety or Depression (CASELOAD), aims to explore the feasibility of supplementing counselling with guided use of a well-being app...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127002/perceived-stress-and-well-being-among-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#10
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Holmes, D R Radford
Aims To explore dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS') perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education and establish base-line data for further studies of this group of dental professionals.Subjects and methods A questionnaire was distributed to Years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS and final year outreach dental students (DS) (as a comparison group), at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA), during summer 2015. Data were collected on students' perception of levels of stress and well-being...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124512/the-counseling-center-assessment-of-psychological-symptoms-ccaps-62-acceptance-feasibility-and-initial-psychometric-properties-in-a-uk-student-population
#11
Emma Broglia, Abigail Millings, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: The burden and severity of student mental health continue to increase in parallel with increasing financial pressures on students and services alike. There is a need for a student-specific measure of distress that acknowledges their unique context. This study examined the feasibility, acceptance, and initial psychometric properties of a US measure, the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS), in a UK student sample. METHODS: A sample of 294 UK help-seeking students from two universities completed the CCAPS-62 and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE-10) as a comparator...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107041/sleep-and-optimism-a-longitudinal-study-of-bidirectional-causal-relationship-and-its-mediating-and-moderating-variables-in-a-chinese-student-sample
#12
Esther Yuet Ying Lau, C Harry Hui, Jasmine Lam, Shu-Fai Cheung
While both sleep and optimism have been found to be predictive of well-being, few studies have examined their relationship with each other. Neither do we know much about the mediators and moderators of the relationship. This study investigated (1) the causal relationship between sleep quality and optimism in a college student sample, (2) the role of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress as mediators, and (3) how circadian preference might moderate the relationship. Internet survey data were collected from 1,684 full-time university students (67...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076182/promoting-healthy-transition-to-college-through-mindfulness-training-with-first-year-college-students-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kamila Dvořáková, Moé Kishida, Jacinda Li, Steriani Elavsky, Patricia C Broderick, Mark R Agrusti, Mark T Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of developmental transitions on young adults' lives and the high rates of mental health issues among U.S. college students, first-year college students can be particularly vulnerable to stress and adversity. This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness and feasibility of mindfulness training aiming to promote first-year college students' health and wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: 109 freshmen were recruited from residential halls (50% Caucasian, 66% female)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#14
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#15
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983749/social-and-emotional-loneliness-and-self-reported-difficulty-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep-dims-in-a-sample-of-norwegian-university-students
#16
Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Con Stough, Børge Sivertsen, Marit Knapstad, Simon Øverland
Social and emotional loneliness negatively impact several areas of health, including sleep. However, few comprehensive population-based studies have evaluated this relationship. Over 12,000 students aged 21-35 years who participated in the student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study) were assessed. Loneliness was assessed using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale. Difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) was assessed by a single-item subjective response on the depression scale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25)...
December 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965847/acceptability-and-proof-of-concept-of-internet-delivered-treatment-for-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-university-students-protocol-for-an-open-feasibility-trial
#17
Patricia Frazier, Derek Richards, Jacqueline Mooney, Stefan G Hofmann, Deborah Beidel, Patrick A Palmieri, Christopher Bonner
BACKGROUND: In recent years, university counseling and mental health services have reported an increase in the number of clients seeking services and in yearly visits. This trend has been observed at many universities, indicating that behavioral and mental health issues pose significant problems for many college students. The aim of this study is to assess the acceptability and proof of concept of internet-delivered treatment for depression, anxiety, and stress for university students...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955643/mindsurf-a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-usability-and-acceptability-of-a-smartphone-app-designed-to-promote-contentment-wellbeing-and-goal-achievement
#18
Timothy A Carey, Jennifer Haviland, Sara J Tai, Thea Vanags, Warren Mansell
BACKGROUND: The Method of Levels (MOL) is a transdiagnostic cognitive therapy that promotes contentment, wellbeing, and goal achievement through the resolution of internal conflicts underlying psychological distress. MOL, based on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT), was developed in routine clinical practice and has been used effectively across different health services by different practitioners. Access to MOL-style questions through a smartphone app could, potentially, help both the general public maintain robust mental health, and also be a useful adjunct to therapy for clinical populations...
December 12, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939648/clinically-speaking-psychological-abuse-matters
#19
Rita Começanha, Miguel Basto-Pereira, Ângela Maia
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are well-established, except in the cases of psychological abuse and men's victimization. This research study examines the prevalence and the independent contribution of psychological IPV on mental health for both genders. METHODS: The initial sample comprises 661 college students from a Portuguese public university, who completed an e-survey. Statistical analysis focused on a subsample (n=364), 23% of which were men, after removing cases of physical and/or sexual abuse...
December 1, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936366/the-association-between-secondhand-harms-from-alcohol-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-postsecondary-students
#20
Kara Thompson, Parnell Davis-MacNevin, Michael Teehan, Sherry Stewart
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of research on the prevalence and consequences of secondhand harms from alcohol. The current study (a) investigated whether secondhand harms can be clustered into latent factors that reflect distinct but related types of harms and (b) examined the associations between experiencing secondhand harms and mental health outcomes, including anxiety, depression, and subjective mental well-being, among first-year Canadian postsecondary students. The moderating effect of living arrangement (i...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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