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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790847/the-development-of-a-short-version-of-temps-a-in-hungarian-non-clinical-samples
#1
Andras Lang, Barbara Papp, Tamas Inancsi, Peter Dome, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Zsuzsanna Belteczki
BACKGROUND: The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) is a widely used measure of affective temperaments. Affective temperaments refer to people's prevailing moods and are important precursors of affective disorders. With the two studies presented in this paper, we aimed to develop a short version of the Hungarian TEMPS-A. METHODS: A total number of 1857 university students participated in two studies. The original 110-item version and the newly developed short version of TEMPS-A, the anger, depression, and anxiety scales of the PROMIS Emotional Distress item bank, the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Well-Being Index were administered to participants...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790238/personal-sleep-debt-and-daytime-sleepiness-mediate-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults
#2
David L Dickinson, Alexander P Wolkow, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Sean P A Drummond
BACKGROUND: Sleep duration and chronotype (i.e., morningness-eveningness) are associated with increased depression and anxiety risk, but differences in individual sleep need and lifestyle may mean these sleep parameters do not present the same risk across all individuals. This study explored the mediating role of sleep debt and daytime sleepiness in the relationship between sleep and mental health symptoms in young adults, a particularly vulnerable population. METHODS: Young adult university students (n = 2,218) and young adults from the general population in the United States (n = 992) provided estimates of actual and optimal sleep duration, and completed validated measures of sleepiness, chronotype, and depression and anxiety risk...
May 22, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785161/prevalence-and-psychological-stress-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-among-female-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769115/lifestyle-choices-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-survey-with-german-and-chinese-students
#4
Julia Velten, Angela Bieda, Saskia Scholten, André Wannemüller, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can be beneficial for one's mental health. Thus, identifying healthy lifestyle choices that promote psychological well-being and reduce mental problems is useful to prevent mental disorders. The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the predictive values of a broad range of lifestyle choices for positive mental health (PMH) and mental health problems (MHP) in German and Chinese students. METHOD: Data were assessed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763998/media-technology-use-and-attitudes-associations-with-physical-and-mental-well-being-in-youth-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#5
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727429/perceived-discrimination-harassment-and-abuse-in-physician-assistant-education-a-pilot-study
#6
Michelle DiBaise, Lisa Tshuma, Darin Ryujin, Susan LeLacheur
PURPOSE: A 2014 meta-analysis found that by graduation, 16.6% of medical students had reported abuse, harassment, or discrimination and that this hostile environment caused an increase in depression and anxiety. The purpose of this research study was to increase the understanding of discrimination and psychological/physical abuse in physician assistant (PA) education programs and the potential impact on student attrition. METHODS: Information was collected using an online, anonymous survey that asked about witnessed or experienced discrimination and psychological or physical abuse during the didactic and clinical years of training in PA programs in the United States...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704966/the-use-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-to-promote-mental-health-and-school-engagement-in-university-students-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Simon Grégoire, Lise Lachance, Thérèse Bouffard, Frédérick Dionne
The aim of this multisite randomized controlled trial was to determine whether an intervention based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was efficacious in improving university students' psychological flexibility, mental health, and school engagement. Students were recruited in four Canadian universities and randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 72) or a wait-list control group (n = 72). Students in the intervention group took part in four 2.5-hour workshops during a 4-week period and were asked to do exercises at home (e...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696731/perceived-stress-and-well-being-in-uk-and-australian-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#8
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Hughes, R J M Knevel, D R Radford
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore United Kingdom (UK) and Australian (Aus) dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS) perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education. Upon qualification, DHDTS in the UK register as dental therapists (DT), and in Australia, they register as Oral Health Therapists (OHT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA) in the UK and La Trobe Rural Health School in Australia...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684764/poor-mental-health-peer-drinking-norms-and-alcohol-risk-in-a-social-network-of-first-year-college-students
#9
Shannon R Kenney, Graham T DiGuiseppi, Matthew K Meisel, Sara G Balestrieri, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: College students with anxiety and depressive symptomatology face escalated risk for alcohol-related negative consequences. While it is well-established that normative perceptions of proximal peers' drinking behaviors influence students' own drinking behaviors, it is not clear how mental health status impacts this association. In the current study, we examined cross-sectional relationships between anxiety and depressed mood, perceived drinking behaviors and attitudes of important peers, and past month alcohol consumption and related problems in a first-semester college student social network...
April 16, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683047/using-media-while-interacting-face-to-face-is-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-and-personality-traits
#10
Mindy Lee, Karen Murphy, Glenda Andrews
Positive face-to-face human interactions are known to benefit well-being. Drawing upon previous work regarding the interference of media (via technological devices or print) in social interaction, the aim of this study was to identify whether using media during face-to-face interaction could potentially limit the positive effect of interaction on well-being. Participants were 437 university students who completed an online survey which assessed media multitasking behaviors, well-being (trait depression, trait anxiety, social anxiety, empathy, and psychological well-being), and personality traits (Big-5 and narcissism)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674776/-anxiety-depression-and-risk-consumption-of-alcohol-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#11
Omar Enzo Santangelo, Sandro Provenzano, Alberto Firenze
AIM: The university student is vulnerable to the adverse effects of many stress factors that can lead to depressive symptoms, anxiety and alcohol abuse, causing an increase in the burden of illness in young people. The aim of the study was to measure depressive symptoms, anxiety levels, and harmful alcohol consumption within the student population of the University of Palermo. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to the 8500 students enrolled in the (ERSU) Regional Office for the Right to University Study's mailing list in Palermo...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660643/gender-specific-associations-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-with-mental-rotation
#12
Chiaki Oshiyama, Chihiro Sutoh, Hiroyasu Miwa, Satoshi Okabayashi, Hiroyuki Hamada, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Tetsuya Takahashi, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Manabu Honda, Kazuyuki Sakatsume, Takuichi Nishimura, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Men score higher on mental rotation tasks compared to women and suffer from depression and anxiety at half the rate of women. The objective of this study was to confirm the gender-specific effects of depression and anxiety on mental rotation performance. METHODS: We collected data in non-experimental conditions from 325 university students at three universities. Participants completed rating scales of depressive and anxiety symptoms, and then simultaneously performed a mental rotation task using tablet devices...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652105/associations-between-problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-symptoms-among-university-students-in-japan
#13
Momoko Kitazawa, Michitaka Yoshimura, Mayu Murata, Yuka Sato-Fujimoto, Hidefumi Hitokoto, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota, Taishiro Kishimoto
AIM: Research on the adverse effects of internet use has gained importance recently. However, there is currently insufficient data on Japanese young adults' internet use, so we conducted a survey targeting Japanese university students to research Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We also investigated the relationship between PIU and multiple psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: A paper-based survey was conducted at five universities in Japan. Respondents were asked to fill out self-report scales regarding their internet dependency using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT)...
April 13, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642471/relationship-between-the-manner-of-mobile-phone-use-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-university-students
#14
Aleksandar Višnjić, Vladica Veličković, Dušan Sokolović, Miodrag Stanković, Kristijan Mijatović, Miodrag Stojanović, Zoran Milošević, Olivera Radulović
Objectives : There is insufficient evidence regarding the potential risk of mobile phone use on mental health. Therefore, the aim of this research was to examine the relationship between mobile phone use and mental health by measuring the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress among university students in Serbia and Italy. Methods : This cross-sectional study was carried out at two distinguished universities in Serbia and Italy from March to May of the 2015/2016 academic year and included 785 students of both genders...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#15
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620387/young-adult-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-stigma-experiences-and-mental-health-an-8-year-longitudinal-study
#16
John E Pachankis, Timothy J Sullivan, Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
This study investigated longitudinal trajectories of stigma (i.e., enacted, anticipated, internalized, concealed); stress-sensitive mental health disorder symptoms (i.e., depression, social anxiety); and their associations across 8 annual assessments in a sample of 128 young gay and bisexual U.S. university students. All forms of stigma significantly decreased over time, while depressive symptoms remained stable and social anxiety symptoms significantly increased. Men from higher socioeconomic backgrounds experienced quicker reductions in anticipated stigma, compared to men from lower socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619005/presence-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-affects-the-first-time-treatment-efficacy-and-recurrence-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#17
Wei Wei, Zahra N Sayyid, Xiulan Ma, Tian Wang, Yaodong Dong
Objectives: To investigate the possible effects of anxiety and/or depression symptoms on the treatment outcomes and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a single institution. 142 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV at the Department of Otology in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between October 2016 and July 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. 127 patients were finally included in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611336/the-association-between-locus-of-control-emotion-regulation-and-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#18
Nora H Hope, Matthew A Wakefield, Lynnaea Northey, Alexander L Chapman
BACKGROUND: Locus of control (LOC) represents individuals' beliefs about how much control they have over outcomes in their life. Previous research has found an association between external LOC and psychopathology. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by mood instability, identity disturbance and difficulties in impulse control. AIMS: The aims of this study are to evaluate the relationship between BPD features and LOC in a non-clinical sample and to assess whether external LOC is associated with BPD features after controlling for symptoms of depression and anxiety...
April 2, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609135/childhood-maltreatment-a-predictor-of-mental-health-problems-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Hanan E Badr, Jumana Naser, Abdullah Al-Zaabi, Anfal Al-Saeedi, Khalifa Al-Munefi, Shaikha Al-Houli, Dana Al-Rashidi
Child maltreatment is a risk factor for detrimental effects on mental health that may extend to adulthood. This study aimed to examine the association between exposure to childhood maltreatment, socio-demographic factors, and students' mental health status and self-esteem. A cross-sectional study enrolled a representative sample of 1270 students from Kuwait University. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire included students' socio-demographic characteristics, history of exposure to childhood physical and/or emotional maltreatment, DASS-21 to assess mental health status, and Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used...
March 30, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573434/the-mediating-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-uncontrolled-drinking-a-look-at-gender-specific-parental-influences
#20
Ashley M Ebbert, Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jeremy W Luk, Kirsten Voorhies, Olivia Warner, Robert F Leeman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) reflects an individual's belief that experiencing anxiety will cause illness or embarrassment (Reiss & McNally, 1985), and may be a reason individuals self-medicate with alcohol (Hersh & Hussong, 2009). Harsh or indulgent parenting could contribute to the development of AS. We examined the direct and indirect associations between parenting styles and alcohol-related variables through AS and impaired control over drinking (IC; i.e., perceived failure to adhere to limits on alcohol consumption in the future; Heather et al...
March 24, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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