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lance adams syndrome

Adam Waddell, Ahmed Dirweesh, Fausto Ordonez, Charles Kososky, Leema Reddy Peddareddygari, Raji P Grewal
Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS) is an uncommon neurological disorder characterized by the development of chronic post-hypoxic myoclonus. There are relatively few cases described following successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We report a patient who developed LAS 3 months after successful resuscitation. Cerebral imaging studies indicate that brain pathology in LAS patients is not uniform, suggesting that the pathophysiology of myoclonus may vary from patient to patient. Our patient adds to this etiological heterogeneity by demonstrating the unusual feature of cerebellar pathology by both cerebral magnetic resonance imaging and single-photon emission computed tomography scans...
July 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
James L Hopkins, Paul N Hopkins, Eliot A Brinton, Ted D Adams, Lance E Davidson, M Nazeem Nanjee, Steven C Hunt
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) generally rises with increasing adiposity, but tends to plateau at the highest levels of body mass index (BMI) with some individuals, even with severe obesity, expressing few or no components of MetS. We examined factors associated with the expression of MetS in severely obese women participating in a large observational study. METHODS: Anthropometrics, including Heath equation-adjusted bioimpedance-determined fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM), lipids and related laboratory measurements, resting energy expenditure (REE), and respiratory quotient (RQ), were studied in 949 women with severe obesity...
August 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Irene Aicua Rapun, Jan Novy, Daria Solari, Mauro Oddo, Andrea O Rossetti
INTRODUCTION: Early myoclonus after cardiac arrest (CA) is traditionally viewed as a poor prognostic sign (status myoclonus). However, some patients may present early Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS): under appropriate treatment, they can reach a satisfactory functional outcome. Our aim was to describe their profile, focusing on pharmacologic management in the ICU, time to return of awareness, and long-term prognosis. METHODS: Adults with early LAS (defined as generalized myoclonus within 96h, with epileptiform EEG within 48h after CA) were retrospectively identified in our CA registry between 2006 and 2016...
June 2017: Resuscitation
James M Battisti, Lance A Watson, Myo T Naung, Adam M Drobish, Ekaterina Voronina, Michael F Minnick
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is well established as a system for characterization and discovery of molecular mechanisms mediating microbe-specific inducible innate immune responses to human pathogens. Coxiella burnetii is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes a flu-like syndrome in humans (Q fever), as well as abortions in domesticated livestock, worldwide. Initially, when wild type C. elegans (N2 strain) was exposed to mCherry-expressing C. burnetii (CCB) a number of overt pathological manifestations resulted, including intestinal distension, deformed anal region and a decreased lifespan...
February 2017: Innate Immunity
Harsh V Gupta, John N Caviness
BACKGROUND: Myoclonus may occur after hypoxia. In 1963, Lance and Adams described persistent myoclonus with other features after hypoxia. However, myoclonus occurring immediately after hypoxia may demonstrate different syndromic features from classic Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS). The aim of this review is to provide up-to-date information about the spectrum of myoclonus occurring after hypoxia with emphasis on neurophysiological features. METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed database from 1960 to 2015...
2016: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
Gaurav Bhaskar Nigam, Sachin Suresh Babu, C Sudhir Peter, C Shobhna Peter
Predicting the neurological outcome in survivors of cardiorespiratory arrest is difficult. A distinction has been made between acute and chronic posthypoxic myoclonus, called myoclonic status epilepticus and Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS), respectively, with the acute condition carrying a bad prognosis. Here, we report a case of a 37-year-old female who developed seizures after a successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The available literature on such cases is very rare and has generally mentioned a poor outcome...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Vivek Rayadurg, Radhakrishnan Muthuchellappan, Umamaheshwara Rao
Posthypoxic myoclonus (Lance-Adams syndrome) is characterized by myoclonus involving multiple muscle groups which is resistant to most conventional antiepileptic drugs. We present a case of hypoxic brain injury-induced myoclonic status epilepticus successfully controlled with isoflurane. The antimyoclonic effects of isoflurane are likely due to potentiation of inhibitory postsynaptic GABAA receptor-mediated currents and its effects on thalamocortical pathways. It is effective even when intravenous agents fail to control myoclonus...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Adam L Ware, Dylan V Miller, Lance K Erickson, Shaji C Menon
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a multisystem connective tissue disorder that can lead to aortic dilation requiring aortic root replacement. Neonatal MFS (nMFS) is a rare and severe form of MFS compared to classic MFS (cMFS). Aortic root histology in MFS is thought to demonstrate predominantly medial degeneration (MD) of a translamellar mucoid extracellular matrix accumulation (MEMA-T) vs. the intralamellar mucoid extracellular matrix accumulation (MEMA-I) seen in other aortopathies...
September 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Bernhard J Steinhoff, Matthias Bacher, Christoph Kurth, Anke M Staack, Reinhold Kornmeier
Perampanel (PER) is the first-in-class selective, noncompetitive α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist that has been licensed and marketed as antiepileptic drug (AED) indicated for patients with partial-onset and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures. A positive effect was reported in some patients with epileptic myoclonic jerks in idiopathic generalized epilepsy and in progressive myoclonic epilepsy. We treated a male patient with posthypoxic nonepileptic myoclonus (Lance-Adams syndrome) with add-on PER and achieved an almost complete cessation of jerks...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
Brin Freund, Raoul Sutter, Peter W Kaplan
Acute posthypoxic myoclonus portends a poor prognosis. Another form of posthypoxic myoclonus, Lance-Adams syndrome, is associated with a better outcome. Differentiating these two entities is important in prognostication and guiding further medical intervention. This can be difficult in the acute setting after hypoxic brain injury but the use of neurophysiologic studies may be helpful. In this article, we present a case of a patient who presented after pulseless electrical activity arrest, underwent targeted temperature management and subsequently developed Lance-Adams syndrome...
March 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Kang Min Park, Yong Hee Han, Tae Hyung Kim, Chi Woong Mun, Kyong Jin Shin, Sam Yeol Ha, JinSe Park, Sung Eun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Giuseppe D Sanna, Antonio Demurtas, Stefano Cossa, Francesca Murgia, Paola Murgia, Annamaria Ara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Takashi Asahi, Daina Kashiwazaki, Nobuhiro Dougu, Genko Oyama, Shutaro Takashima, Kortaro Tanaka, Satoshi Kuroda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Neurology
Julio T Chong, MaryEllen T Dolat, Adam P Klausner, Ema Dragoescu, Lance J Hampton
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have adequately addressed the indications, efficacy, and quality-of-life for cystectomy performed for non-malignant bladder conditions. Patients with debilitating non-malignant bladder conditions who have failed all previous conservative therapies may undergo various forms of cystectomy, including partial, simple or radical cystectomy. We provide a review of the current literature and recommendations for cystectomy for various non-malignant bladder conditions...
October 2014: Canadian Journal of Urology
Helena Laciuga, John C Rosenbek, Paul W Davenport, Christine M Sapienza
This review presents the available evidence for the effects of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) with the use of a pressure threshold device. The investigators used computerized database searches for studies reporting the outcomes of pressure threshold EMST published after 1994. A total of 24 selected articles presented outcomes related but not limited to respiratory function, such as speech, swallow, voice, and cough function in persons with neurologic conditions such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and Lance-Adams syndrome; in persons with respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and in healthy young adults and sedentary and active elderly...
2014: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Faik Ilik, Mustafa Kemal Ilik, Ilker Cöven
Chronic post-hypoxic myoclonus, also known as Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS) is a neurological complication characterized by uncontrolled myoclonic jerks following cardiac arrest. In this article, clinical manifestation and symptomatic treatment options are discussed especially concerning the rationale of use of levatiracetam in patients with Lance-Adams syndrome. Clinical presentation is action myoclonus associated with cerebellar ataxia, postural imbalance, and very mild intellectual deficit. An 18-year-old female patient was admitted to our intensive care unit in a coma...
2014: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Jennifer Accardo, Domenico De Lisi, Paola Lazzerini, Alberto Primavera
In anoxic coma, myoclonic status epilepticus and other nonreactive epileptiform patterns are considered as signs of poor prognosis. We report the case of a good recovery in a prolonged comatose myoclonic status epilepticus (MSE) after a cardiac arrest (CA) treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in a patient who had undergone a bone marrow transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma. This case emphasizes the opportunity of performing an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the acute period after an hypoxic-ischemic insult and underlines the diagnostic difficulties between MSE and Lance-Adams syndrome, which classically occurs after the patient has regained consciousness, but can also begin while the patient is still comatose or sedated...
2013: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Tjerk Lagrand, Ania Winogrodzka
A 66-year-old man had a history of an anterior myocardial infarction followed by a successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation and a posthypoxic myoclonus, also known as Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS). Eight years ago, he was admitted to the emergency department with the same myoclonic jerks during an intercurrent respiratory infection. After treatment with clonazepam and resolution of the infection, the myoclonus promptly disappeared. This case report suggests that relapses of successfully treated LAS can occur in vulnerable patients, as it's a chronic form of myoclonus...
November 29, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
Ah-Reum Cho, Jae-Young Kwon, Joo-Yun Kim, Eun-Soo Kim, Hee-Young Kim
Myoclonic status epilepticus (MSE) within the first 24 hours after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) predicts poor prognosis, enough to discontinue the treatment. In contrast, chronic MSE appearing a few days after CPR is called Lance-Adams syndrome (LAS), which is characterized by preserved intellect and a favorable prognosis. We herein report a case of LAS, which developed after a transient hypoxic event without an overt cardiac arrest due to hematoma formation in the neck after partial glossectomy. Differential diagnosis was also challenging as LAS was developed 8 hours after the hypoxic event...
October 2013: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
H Yamaoka, N Tomemori, K Hayama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1994: Journal of Anesthesia
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