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Celiac saturated fat gluten

Anna Pham-Short, Kim C Donaghue, Geoffrey Ambler, Sarah Garnett, Maria E Craig
The gluten free diet (GFD) has a high glycemic index and low-fiber content, which potentially influences glycemic excursions in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD). Participants in this case-control study of youth with T1D+CD (n = 10) and T1D only (n = 7) wore blinded continuous glucose monitoring systems for six days. Blood glucose levels (BGLs) were compared between groups for each meal, including pre-meal, peak, 2-hour postprandial and time-to-peak. Participants consumed a test-breakfast of GF cereal and milk for three days and kept weighed food diaries; nutrient intake was analyzed and compared to national recommendations...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
M Luisa Forchielli, Paola Fernicola, Lucia Diani, Barbara Scrivo, Nunzio C Salfi, Achille C Pessina, Mario Lima, Veronica Conti, Andrea Pession
OBJECTIVES: A gluten-free diet (GFD) may carry high energy and fat load. We verified lipid profile and dietary indicators cross-sectionally and prospectively in patients with celiac disease (CD). METHODS: In any consecutive child receiving a GFD (group 1) or newly diagnosed as having CD (group 2), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, blood pressure (BP), anthropometric data, physical activity, and a 24-hour food diary were collected during follow-up visits (yearly in group 1 and during the first year of GFD in group 2)...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
E Kautto, A Ivarsson, F Norström, L Högberg, A Carlsson, A Hörnell
BACKGROUND: Food habits, nutrient needs and intakes differ between males and females, although few nutritional studies on patients with coeliac disease (CD) have reported results stratified by gender. OBJECTIVES: To compare energy and nutrient intakes among 13-year olds diagnosed with CD in early childhood with those of a non-coeliac (NC) age- and gender-matched control group, and also with estimated average requirements (EAR). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Sweden 2006-2007 within the coeliac screening study ETICS (Exploring The Iceberg of Coeliacs in Sweden)...
February 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
K Ohlund, C Olsson, O Hernell, I Ohlund
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease (CD), or permanent gluten intolerance, is one of the most common chronic food-related diseases among children in Europe and the USA. The treatment is lifelong gluten-free diet (GFD) (i.e. the exclusion of wheat, rye and barley from the diet, which are important sources particularly of iron, dietary fibre and vitamin B). The present study aimed to evaluate dietary intakes of energy and nutrients in children and adolescents on GFD and compare these with intake of comparable age groups on a normal diet as well as current recommendations...
June 2010: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Erica G D Hopman, Saskia le Cessie, B Mary E von Blomberg, M Luisa Mearin
BACKGROUND: For young people with celiac disease, adherence to the gluten-free diet may be difficult to achieve and gluten restriction may lead to insufficient nutrient intake and unbalanced food intake resulting in overweight. In The Netherlands, no nutritional information is available. Therefore, we evaluated the nutritional management and nutritional state in young celiac patients. METHODS: The Dutch Celiac Society invited all its members aged 12 to 25 years to complete a food record and a questionnaire...
July 2006: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
E Westman, G R Ambler, M Royle, J Peat, A Chan
We aimed to assess the growth, diabetes control, dietary intake and compliance with a gluten-free diet in children with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and coeliac disease in a major paediatric and adolescent diabetes clinic. Children with IDDM and biopsy-proven coeliac disease aged <18 years were included and compared with IDDM controls matched for age, sex and duration of diabetes. Twenty patients with coeliac disease and IDDM participated (15 female, age 7.4-17.3 yr), with two matched IDDM controls for each (age 6...
May 1999: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
D Dell'Olio, L Palma, E Malorgio, N Ansaldi Balocco
A diagnosis of Coeliac Disease (CD) indicates a lifelong compliance to a gluten-free diet (GFD), which implies a change in deeply ingrained dietary habits and may cause dietary imbalances. We studied the dietary intake in a group of children with CD on GFD. CD was diagnosed according to Espgan criteria. Strict compliance to GFD was ascertained by Hydrogen breath-test. For each patient a thorough dietary history was obtained; the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) 1986/1987--Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione were used as reference measurements...
December 1995: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
K Lorenz, V A Lee
There is a need for reeducation of the population, especially in developed countries, as to the value of cereals in the diet. Cereals provide calories and important nutrients to the diet. Refined cereal products and unrefined cereals have certain advantages and disadvantages. With refinement, some nutrients and fiber are removed, but the body is better able to make use of certain nutrients. Essential nutrients are being replaced through fortification to compensate for losses in processing. The high fiber content of unrefined cereal products is believed to aid in the prevention of certain diseases...
March 1977: CRC Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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