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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316152/-long-term-follow-up-to-identify-the-rectal-potentially-malignant-nodules-in-female-by-digital-rectal-examination
#1
S S Wang, J Y Zhou, Z J Wang, S R Su, J Sun, R G W Sharen
Objective: To investigate the characteristics of the rectal potentially malignant nodules in female by digital rectal examination (DRE). Methods: Retrospectively, we collected the medical information and follow-up of rectal nodules cases diagnosed as benign by DRE during the health check-up in our hospital from Jan 2002 to Dec 2015. All nodules were recorded position, size, shape, hardness and mobility. Statistical analysis was performed to select the potentially malignant cases of postoperative pathological diagnosis and disappeared nodules followed up by DRE...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295627/second-local-recurrence-with-advanced-rectal-cancer-after-salvage-emr-of-local-recurrence-following-initial-cold-polypectomy
#2
Motohiko Kato, Junichi Shiraishi, Toshio Uraoka
A 60-year-old woman underwent colonoscopy for a positive fecal immunochemical test. A 5 mm sessile polyp (Paris type 0-Isp) was found in the lower rectum (Figure 1a). This polyp was diagnosed as a low-grade adenoma based on findings of magnification colonoscopy with narrow band imaging (Figure 1b) and then was resected in a single piece with cold snare polypectomy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 14, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257791/safety-and-efficacy-of-cap-assisted-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-sporadic-nonampullary-duodenal-adenomas
#3
Laith H Jamil, Amir Kashani, Neiveen Peter, Simon K Lo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eradication of sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenomas (SNADAs) is essential due to their high rate of malignant transformation. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) techniques are the alternative to the traditional surgical treatments of SNADAs. There are very limited data on the safety and efficacy of cap-assisted EMR (C-EMR) in the treatment of SNADA. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent C-EMR for SNADAs between July 2002 and April 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
February 28, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251355/long-term-results-of-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-after-endoscopic-polypectomy-of-malignant-rectal-adenoma
#4
T Junginger, U Goenner, M Hitzler, T T Trinh, A Heintz, M Blettner, D Wollschlaeger
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the treatment and prognosis of malignant rectal polyps. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) after endoscopic complete polypectomy of malignant rectal adenomas with long-term follow-up. METHODS: Of 105 patients with pT1 rectal carcinoma in 32 patients TEM followed complete endoscopic polypectomy while 73 had primary TEM. Local recurrence (LR), distant metastasis, overall and cancer-specific survival were determined by the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 1, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165313/colonoscopic-and-histologic-features-of-rectal-masses-in-dogs-82-cases-1995-2012
#5
Krista N Adamovich-Rippe, Philipp D Mayhew, Stanley L Marks, Laura E Selmic, William T N Culp, Angela M Youello, Jeffrey J Runge, David E Holt, Philip H Kass, John R Peauroi
OBJECTIVE To evaluate colonoscopic and histologic features of rectal masses in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 82 client-owned dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy were reviewed. History, signalment, clinical signs, results of physical examination, diagnostic imaging findings, and results of colonoscopy (including complications) were recorded. When available, tissue samples obtained during colonoscopy and by means of surgical biopsy were reviewed by a single board-certified pathologist...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141681/osseous-metaplasia-in-a-juvenile-rectal-polyp
#6
Harry Russell Haynes, Anthony E Wiskin, Dharam Basude, Elise Gradhand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133305/-a-case-of-rectal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-surgery-and-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-metachronous-lung-metastases
#7
Yu Oshima, Yohei Hosoda, Hidekazu Tachi, Takashi Sugimoto, Asami Okabe, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Nobuko Ogura, Izumi Komoto, Hidenori Kiyochi, Shoji Tsunekawa, Toru Tanaka, Yoshiro Taki, Masayuki Imamura
A 64-year-old woman underwent polypectomy for a rectal polyp(Isp). Pathological findings were invasion of the submucosa( 3,500 mm diameter), and she underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer(RS, pT1b, pN0, cM0, Stage I )without adjuvant chemotherapy. Lung masses were found in her right(8mm)and left lung(7mm). The tumors enlarged during the 4 month follow-up period. We decided to perform left partial pneumonectomy. The tumor was diagnosed as a lung metastasis from colon cancer by pathology. Because the right tumor was located towards the center, performing right pneumonectomy would have been quite invasive and we feared occult metastases...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105788/retrospective-analysis-of-computed-tomographic-colonography-in-a-rural-hospital
#8
Beom Jun Lee, Adrian Balasingam, Rene Van den Bosch
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to investigate the diagnostic performance of computed tomography colonography (CTC) performed in a rural secondary hospital, and to describe the local pattern of CTC service provision. METHOD: A single site, retrospective observational analysis was conducted for all patients undergoing CTC during the 12-month period from 1st of January to 31st of December 2014 with comparison to available colonoscopy. RESULTS: There were 639 CTCs performed during the 12-months period...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091843/the-incidence-of-post-colonoscopy-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-long-term-cohort-study-using-a-colonoscopy-database
#9
Ayako Nakada, Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Shuntaro Yoshida, Yoshihiro Hirata, Kazuhiko Koike
PURPOSE: The cumulative incidence of post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer remains unclear. Our aims were to estimate the incidence of and identify risk factors associated with post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the colonoscopy database of the Department of Gastroenterology, the University of Tokyo Hospital Records from1995-2012. A cohort of 2544 patients, who received multiple colonoscopies without colorectal cancer findings at first colonoscopy, was selected...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080921/uterine-adenomyosis-and-an-endometrial-polyp-in-a-rock-hyrax-procavia-capensis
#10
Holly J Holman, Katherine Gailbreath
An 8-yr-old nulliparous, female rock hyrax ( Procavia capensis ) had intermittent mucoid to bloody discharge late winter-early spring for two consecutive years. Fragments of necrotic tissue, suspected to be vaginal or rectal in origin, were passed on two occasions. Physical examination, radiographs, and ultrasound did not identify the source of the tissue. Exploratory laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy were performed. On histopathology, a diagnosis of adenomyosis with a uterine polyp was made. Postsurgical complications included incisional infection and renal compromise that were medically managed and resolved...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070233/complete-rectal-prolapse-in-young-egyptian-males-is-schistosomiasis-really-condemned
#11
Ahmed A Abou-Zeid, Islam H ElAbbassy, Ahmed M Kamal, Dina A Somaie
AIM: To investigate the assumption that schistosomiasis is the main cause of rectal prolapse in young Egyptian males. METHODS: Twenty-one male patients between ages of 18 and 50 years with complete rectal prolapse were included in the study out of a total 29 patients with rectal prolapse admitted for surgery at Colorectal Surgery Unit, Ain Shams University hospitals between the period of January 2011 and April 2014. Patients were asked to fill out a specifically designed questionnaire about duration of the prolapse, different bowel symptoms and any past or present history of schistosomiasis...
December 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025763/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-colonic-adenomatous-neoplasms
#12
Ji Hyung Nam, Chang Won Hong, Byung Chang Kim, Aesun Shin, Kum Hei Ryu, Bum Joon Park, Bun Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Jeongseon Kim, Chan Wha Lee
PURPOSE: Helicobacter pylori infection is considered to have a positive association with colorectal neoplasms. In this study, we evaluated the association between H. pylori infection and colorectal adenomas, based on the characteristics of these adenomas in Korea, where the prevalence of H. pylori infection is high and the incidence of colorectal cancer continues to increase. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 4,466 subjects who underwent colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy during screening (1,245 colorectal adenomas vs...
December 27, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992283/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-combined-with-laparoscopic-colectomy-for-synchronous-colorectal-tumors-a-word-of-caution
#13
Nida Issa, Yaniv Fenig, Muhammad Khatib, Mustafa Yasin, Eldad Powsner, Wisam Khoury
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant synchronous colorectal tumors (SCRT) is between 2% and 5%, and the association of synchronous adenomatous polyps in colon cancer has been reported to be 15%-50%. Surgical resection is the primary treatment option for SCRT not amendable to endoscopic resection. Lesions in adjacent segments are usually treated with more extensive resection; however, there is still some controversy on how to best treat synchronous lesions in separate segments, especially when the rectum is involved...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917224/rectal-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-in-a-nigerian-case-report-brief-review-of-literature
#14
Oluyemi Aderemi, Awolola Nicholas
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory fibroid polyps are very unusual gastrointestinal tumours. Furthermore, their occurrence in the rectum is a rarity indeed. OBJECTIVE: To document this very rare pathologic entity in a patient from our region of Africa and highlight some pertinent clinical and pathologic aspects of the disease. CASE REPORT: We present a 59 year old Nigerian who had neither significant previous medical history nor current complaint and had a routine colonoscopy done...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852534/prediction-of-the-histotype-of-a-rectal-polyp-with-the-help-of-an-underwater-examination
#15
Peter Akabah, Alina Boeriu, Jeno Robert Bartha, Daniela Dobru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845307/laparoscopic-abdomino-perineal-resection-for-patients-with-anorectal-malignant-melanoma-a-report-of-4-cases
#16
Jun Han, Chuanbing Shi, Xiaogang Dong, Jie Wang, Hao Wen, Baolin Wang, Zhenyu He
Anorectal malignant melanoma is a very rare but lethal disease. Patients with anorectal malignant melanoma commonly complain for changes in bowel habits and rectal bleeding. Therefore, anorectal malignant melanoma is often misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids, polyp or rectal cancer. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for patients with anorectal malignant melanoma. However, whether abdominoperineal resection or wide local excision is the most appropriate surgical approach is still a controversial issue. Recently, with the great development of laparoscopic techniques, more and more operations can be performed by laparoscopic techniques...
September 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833772/adenomatous-polyps-in-adolescent-girl-and-boy-a-report-of-two-cases
#17
Laleh Vahedi Larijani, Maryam Ghasemi, Hassan Karami
A polyp is defined as a mass of the mucosal surface that protrudes into the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. Neoplastic epithelial polyps are classified histologically as either benign adenoma or malignant carcinoma. The colonic polyps that most commonly present in children occur sporadically and individually and are of the juvenile type; they are most frequently associated with painless rectal hemorrhage (which is the most common symptom). Adenomatous polyps are similar to other nontumoral polyps, and it is very rare for children to have symptoms other than rectal bleeding...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821077/a-case-series-of-intestinal-adenomatous-polyposis-of-unidentified-etiology-a-late-effect-of-irradiation
#18
Lisanne Sara Rigter, Frank G J Kallenberg, Barbara Bastiaansen, Theo A M van Os, Floor E van Leeuwen, Monique Esther van Leerdam, Evelien Dekker
BACKGROUND: In a large number of patients with multiple gastrointestinal adenomatous polyps, no causal germline mutation can be found. Non-genetic factors may contribute to the development of adenomatous polyps in these unexplained polyposis patients. In the development of gastrointestinal cancer, prior exposure to abdominal radiotherapy has been identified as such a factor, as it increases the gastrointestinal cancer risk in cancer survivors. A relationship of radiotherapy with intestinal polyposis, however, has not yet been described...
November 8, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807551/recurrent-obstructive-giant-inflammatory-polyposis-of-the-colon
#19
Gaurav Syal, Vikram Budhraja
Inflammatory polyps are relatively common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The term giant inflammatory polyposis is used to describe inflammatory polyps greater than 1.5 cm in any dimension. Their clinical presentation can be varied, ranging from asymptomatic, with incidental detection on radiological or endoscopic testing, to symptomatic, with rectal bleeding and colonic obstruction. Although giant inflammatory polyposis is a rare finding, it is of clinical importance, since it is easily mistaken for colon cancer, with patients sometimes undergoing radical surgeries...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723243/submucosal-dissection-has-advantages-over-full-thickness-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-in-selected-rectal-lesions
#20
Kiryu Yap, Sarah Mills, Michelle Thomas, James Moore
BACKGROUND: To establish the incidence of unsuspected malignancy in lesions excised through transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) and examine the justification for full-thickness excision of all lesions thought to be benign pre-operatively. METHODS: Demographic, operative and pathology data of all patients undergoing TEM at a single institution were collected in a prospectively maintained database. Follow-up data were collected with a focus on polyp recurrence rates and outcome in patients found to harbour malignancy...
October 9, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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