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staging of glioma

Qiao-Li Lv, Yuan-Tao Huang, Gui-Hua Wang, Yan-Ling Liu, Jin Huang, Qiang Qu, Bao Sun, Lei Hu, Lin Cheng, Shu-Hui Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that dysregulation of the receptor of activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers. However, the biological function and underlying mechanism of RACK1 in glioma remains poorly defined. Here, we found that RACK1 was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues compared with normal brain tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma both in mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with high RACK1 expression had a poor prognosis (p = 0...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Zhijie Dai, Jun Wu, Fenghua Chen, Quan Cheng, Mingyu Zhang, Ying Wang, Yong Guo, Tao Song
CXCL5 and its receptor CXCR2 have been found to be involved in tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Recent studies have shown that CXCR2 is upregulated in glioma tissues, and associated with poor prognosis and recurrence. However, the role of CXCL5/CXCR2 signaling in mediating the malignant phenotypes of glioma cells, as well as the underlying mechanism, still remains unclear. In the present study, we found that CXCL5 was upregulated in glioma tissues compared to that noted in normal brain tissues. High CXCL5 levels were significantly associated with higher tumor grade, advanced clinical stage, and shorter survival time of glioma patients...
October 10, 2016: Oncology Reports
Yu Zhou, Yang Liu, Chao Hu, Yugang Jiang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs), a class of non-coding RNAs 18-25 nucleotides in length, act as key regulators in the development and malignant progression of various human cancers by modulating the expression of their target genes. Recently, miR‑16 has been demonstrated to be play a role in glioma. However, the regulatory mechanisms of miR‑16 in glioma growth and metastasis remain largely unclear. In the present study, qRT-PCR revealed that miR‑16 was significantly downregulated in 23 glioma tissue specimens compared to 7 normal brain tissue specimens...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Peter Milos, Kerstin Metcalf, Patrick Vigren, Hans Lindehammar, Malin Nilsson, Sverre Boström
Awake craniotomy for brain tumours  Awake neurosurgery is a useful method in lesions near eloquent brain areas, particularly low-grade gliomas.The aim is to maximise tumour resection and preserve neurological function. We performed 40 primary awake surgeries and 8 residual surgeries. Patients were operated awake throughout the procedure or with a laryngeal mask and general anaesthesia during the opening stage and then awake during intracerebral surgery. Language and motor function were mapped with direct cortical stimulation, motor evoked potential and standardised neurological testing...
October 11, 2016: Läkartidningen
Tian Xia, Song Tong, Kai Fan, Wei Zhai, Bin Fang, Si-Hua Wang, Jian-Jun Wang
X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) was found to be overexpressed in glioma and breast cancers, suggesting that XBP1 might act as a potent oncogenic protein. However, the clinical significance and biological role of XBP1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain unknown. In this study, we report that XBP1 is markedly overexpressed in ESCC cell lines and clinical samples. XBP1 overexpression was significantly correlated with ESCC tumor stage, lymph node metastasis and poor outcome. A functional study demonstrated that XBP1 promoted cell growth and cell invasion both in vitro and in vivo...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Nunzio Denora, Angela Lopedota, Modesto De Candia, Saverio Cellamare, Leonardo Degennaro, Renzo Luisi, Antonietta Mele, Domenico Tricarico, Annalisa Cutrignelli, Valentino Laquintana, Cosimo D Altomare, Massimo Franco, Vincenzo Dimiccoli, Anna Tolomeo, Antonio Scilimati
6-[(18)F]fluoro-l-dihydroxyphenylalanine ((18)F-DOPA) is a diagnostic positron emission tomography (PET) agent, which has been used for decades in imaging the loss of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease, and more recently to detect, stage and restage neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and to search for recurrence of viable glioma tissue. The commercially available (18)F-DOPA PET radiopharmaceutical for diagnostic use in European Union countries, is formulated in an aqueous solution of acetic acid (1.05mg/mL) and has the disadvantages that, immediately before injection, the pH must be adjusted to 4...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
P Porcari, M E Hegi, H Lei, M-F Hamou, I Vassallo, S Capuani, R Gruetter, V Mlynarik
Glioma models have provided important insights into human brain cancers. Among the investigative tools, MRI has allowed their characterization and diagnosis. In this study, we investigated whether diffusion MRI might be a useful technique for early detection and characterization of slow-growing and diffuse infiltrative gliomas, such as the proposed new models, LN-2669GS and LN-2540GS glioma sphere xenografts. Tumours grown in these models are not visible in conventional T2 -weighted or contrast-enhanced T1 -weighted MRI at 14...
September 15, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Tong Ren, Shide Lin, Zhongfeng Wang, Aijia Shang
Astrocytoma is one of the most common types of brain tumor, which is histologically and clinically classified into four grades (I-IV): I (pilocytic astrocytoma), II (diffuse astrocytoma), III (anaplastic astrocytoma), and IV (glioblastoma multiforme). A higher grade astrocytoma represents a worse prognosis and is more aggressive. In this study, we compared the differential proteome profile of astrocytoma from grades I to IV. The protein samples from clinical specimens of grades I, II, III, and IV astrocytoma were analyzed by two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation and quantification...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Kyoung Su Sung, Jin-Kyoung Shim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Se Hoon Kim, Sohee Park, Tae-Hoon Roh, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui-Hyun Kim, Sun Ho Kim, Su Jae Lee, Yong Min Huh, Seok-Gu Kang, Jong Hee Chang
BACKGROUND: A trend of stage-by-stage increase in tumorsphere (TS) formation from glioma samples has been reported. Despite this trend, not all surgical specimens give rise to TSs, even World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV gliomas. Furthermore, it has been reported that differences in overall survival of primary glioblastoma patients depends on the propensity of their tumors to form TSs. However, the weights of fresh specimens vary from one surgical isolate to the next. METHODS: Accordingly, we evaluated the relationship between the weights of surgical specimens in WHO grade IV gliomas with the capacity to isolate TSs...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Edvina Galié, Rosaria Renna, Domenico Plantone, Andrea Pace, Mirella Marino, Bruno Jandolo, Tatiana Koudriavtseva
Morvan's syndrome (MoS) is a rare, complex neurological disorder characterized by neuromyotonia, neuropsychiatric features, dysautonomia and neuropathic pain. The majority of MoS cases have a paraneoplastic aetiology, usually occurring prior to the diagnosis of the underlying tumour and showing improvement following its treatment. The present study reports the case of a 35-year-old Caucasian male patient who was diagnosed with stage IVA thymoma. Thymectomy, lung resection, diaphragmatic pleurectomy and pericardio-phrenectomy were performed 6 months after neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Hong Chen, Jingjing Wang, Hong Yang, Dan Chen, Panpan Li
Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway are implicated in the formation and development of human tumors, including cervical cancer. Previous studies have indicated that FOXM1 may be a downstream target gene of the Hh signaling pathway, but their association in cervical cancer is largely unknown. In the present study, the expression of FOXM1 and Hh signaling molecules was evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis in a tissue microarray that contained 70 cervical cancer tissues and 10 normal cervical tissues...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Zhaoting Yang, Yan Cui, Weidong Ni, Seokhyung Kim, Yanhua Xuan
PURPOSE: The hedgehog (Hh) pathway is involved in cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance in various tumors. Glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) is a key mediator of the Hh pathway; however, its expression and clinical significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been reported. In this study, we aimed to reveal clinical significance of Gli1 expression in ESCC and further investigate the potential of Gli1 as a CSC regulator of ESCC by comparing its expression with expressions of other stemness genes in ESCC...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Xiao-Qing Zeng, Na Li, Li-Li Ma, Yu-Jen Tseng, Nai-Qing Zhao, Shi-Yao Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, the number of reports on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) as a vital therapeutic target in solid carcinomas has increased; however, the prognostic role of FAK status remains poorly understood. This study aims to evaluate the prognostic effect of FAK by means of a meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in order to examine the correlation between expression of FAK and overall survival(OS). The hazard ratio (HR) of OS was used to measure survival...
2016: PloS One
Li Lu, Menglin Wu, Feixiang Zhao, Weihua Fu, Weidong Li, Xue Li, Tong Liu
Glioma associated oncogene-1 (Gli-1) is considered as a strong positive activator of downstream target genes of hedgehog signal pathway in mammalians. However, its diagnostic and prognostic value in gastric cancer remains unclear and controversial. Therefore, a quantitative meta-analysis was conducted to determine the clinical value of Gli-1 in gastric cancer patients. Twelve eligible articles with 886 gastric cancer patients were included in this meta-analysis. The relationship between Gli-1 expression in gastric cancer patients and clinicopathological features and 5-year overall survival (OS) was evaluated using pooled odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Ming Tu, Wei Wange, Lin Cai, Penglei Zhu, Zhichao Gao, Weiming Zheng
Glioma is a malignant tumor that affects all kinds of people all over the world. It demonstrates remarkable infiltrative and invasive features. The high expression of interleukin-13 receptor subunit alpha-2 (IL-13Rα2) reportedly plays a pivotal role in some cancers. However, whether IL-13Rα2 contributes to glioma remains unknown. This study demonstrates that IL-13Rα2 is significantly up-regulated in human glioma tissue samples. It is also associated with late stages of disease progression and diminished survival in glioma patients...
September 14, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Sebastiano Gattoni-Celli, M Rita I Young
Prior studies had shown the clinical efficacy of a semi-allogeneic glioma vaccine in mice with lethal GL261 gliomas. This was confirmed in the present study. As subcutaneous vaccination resulted in protection against tumor in the brain, the present study assessed the impact of this vaccination of mice bearing established GL261 brain gliomas on their cytokine production upon in vitro exposure to tumor-derived products. Mice with established GL261 brain gliomas were vaccinated subcutaneously with H-2(b) GL261 glioma cells fused with H-2(d) RAG-neo cells or with a mock vaccine of phosphate-buffered saline...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Priscila F de Aquino, Paulo Costa Carvalho, Fábio C S Nogueira, Clovis Orlando da Fonseca, Júlio Cesar Thomé de Souza Silva, Maria da Gloria da Costa Carvalho, Gilberto B Domont, Nilson I T Zanchin, Juliana de Saldanha da Gama Fischer
Tumors consist of cells in different stages of transformation with molecular and cellular heterogeneity. By far, heterogeneity is the hallmark of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most malignant and aggressive type of glioma. Most proteomic studies aim in comparing tumors from different patients, but here we dive into exploring the intratumoral proteome diversity of a single GBM. For this, we profiled tumor fragments from the profound region of the same patient's GBM but obtained from two surgeries a year's time apart...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Qiao-Li Lv, Lei Hu, Shu-Hui Chen, Bao Sun, Meng-Long Fu, Chong-Zhen Qin, Qiang Qu, Gui-Hua Wang, Chen-Jie He, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have important roles in carcinogenesis. lncRNA ZEB1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is a novel lncRNA, whose clinical significance, biological function, and underlying mechanism remains unclear in glioma. Here, we found that ZEB1-AS1 was highly expressed in glioma tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma. Moreover, patients with high ZEB1-AS1 levels had poor prognoses, with the evidence provided by multivariate Cox regression analysis indicating that ZEB1-AS1 expression could serve as an independent prognostic factor in glioma patients...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Liang Wang, Gang Li, Nan Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiaoshan Xu, Jing Qi, Dongni Ren, Pengxing Zhang, Yongsheng Zhang, Yanyang Tu
Gliomas make up about 80% of all malignant brain tumors, and cause serious public health problem. Genetic factors and environmental factors jointly caused the development of gliomas, and understanding of the genetic basis is a key component of preventive oncology. However, most genetic factors underlying carcinogenesis of gliomas remain largely unclear. In current study, we systematically evaluated whether genetic variants of SOX9 gene, a transcription factor that plays a central role in the development and differentiation of tumors, contribute to susceptibility of gliomas among Chinese population using a two-stage, case-control study...
August 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Liang Wang, Gang Li, Nan Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiaoshan Xu, Jing Qi, Dongni Ren, Pengxing Zhang, Yongsheng Zhang, Yanyang Tu
Glioma, which is a rare and highly fatal brain cancer, has been studied for many decades. However, only a few etiological factors have been established. Genetic factors play an essential roles in the development of gliomas and are key component of preventive oncology. However, only a small proportion of the genetic effect has been yet established. In current study, we systematically evaluated whether genetic variants of CART gene, which generates multiple biologically active peptides, contribute to susceptibility of gliomas among Chinese people with a two-stage, case-control study...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
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