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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434682/a-proposed-linear-skeletal-distance-to-predict-occlusal-vertical-dimension-a-cephalometric-study
#1
Mohammed Nasser Alhajj, Ammar A Daer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Establishing a correct occlusal vertical dimension is considered one of the most important aspects of facial esthetics for patients in need of oral rehabilitation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the use of a proposed linear skeletal distance to predict the appropriate occlusal vertical dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 93 digital cephalometric radiographs were collected in Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) format (51 men, 42 women) from the archive of the orthodontics department at the Faculty of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433979/lethal-high-acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-adem-triggered-by-toxic-effect-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-black-mamba
#2
Kiran Samra, Ian S Boon, Gregory Packer, Saiju Jacob
A previously well 25-year-old man presented with agitation, double incontinence and left-sided incoordination. His symptoms started after smoking a synthetic cannabinoid (black mamba) 5 days earlier. Over 48 hours, he developed aphasia, generalised hypertonia, hyper-reflexia and dense left hemiparesis. This progressed to profuse diaphoresis, fever, tachycardia, hypertension and a possible seizure necessitating admission to the intensive care unit. CT head and cerebrospinal fluid analysis were unremarkable...
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432042/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-accompanied-by-bilateral-hypothalamic-and-anterior-thalamic-lesions-with-serum-antiaquaporin-4-antibody
#3
Kosuke Inoue, Takahiro Nakayama, Aya Kamisawa, Jun Saito
We described a rare case of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and severe unconsciousness accompanied by bilateral hypothalamic and anterior thalamic lesions with positive serum antiaquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibody. A 29-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to the subacute progression of an unconscious state. He was observed to be hyponatraemic secondary to SIADH. Brain MRI showed bilateral hypothalamic and anterior thalamic lesions. Anti-AQP4 antibody was detected in his serum...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403247/early-complications-of-immediate-loading-in-edentulous-full-arch-restorations-a-retrospective-analysis-of-88-cases
#4
Iñaki Cercadillo-Ibarguren, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Rui Figueiredo, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical outcomes and complications related to provisional prostheses after full-arch implant-supported rehabilitation by means of an immediate loading protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients who were consecutively treated with full-arch implant-supported restorations with a minimum of four implants (Replace Select Tapered TiUnite, Nobel Biocare AB) per arch and conical abutments (multi-unit, Nobel Biocare AB) by means of an immediate loading protocol...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402422/introduction-and-assessment-of-orthognathic-information-clinic
#5
Nina Bergkulla, Heidi Hänninen, Outi Alanko, Martti Tuomisto, Jukka Kurimo, Aimo Miettinen, Anna-Liisa Svedström-Oristo, Susan Cunningham, Timo Peltomäki
Background/Objectives: Orthognathic treatment is routine practice to rehabilitate severe malocclusions and dentofacial deformities. Because orthognathic treatment is elective, patient's involvement in deciding whether to proceed with treatment is vital. Interaction and communication between patient and treating team plays a key role in achieving post-treatment satisfaction. To achieve satisfaction, an orthognathic 'information clinic' for prospective orthognathic patients was established at Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402345/mandibular-regional-anatomical-landmarks-and-clinical-implications-for-ridge-augmentation
#6
Istvan A Urban, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang, Jaime Lozada, Gabor Gerber, Gabor Baksa
Mandibular ridge augmentation via guided bone regeneration in the atrophic mandible is considered one of the most challenging scenarios for implant-supported oral rehabilitation. Uneventful wound healing has clearly demonstrated its impact on the final regenerative outcome. Soft tissue management must be precise and adequate to attain flap-free wound closure. Accordingly, it demands exhaustive insight and expertise to avoid damaging the neighboring structures. The cadaver study described herein discusses the mandibular morphologic landmarks (ie, musculature, vascularization, innervation, and salivary glands) necessary to safely perform regenerative procedures in the atrophic mandibular ridge, such as vertical ridge augmentation and dental implant surgery...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397562/office-based-electromyography-guided-botulinum-toxin-injection-to-the-cricopharyngeus-muscle-optimal-patient-selection-and-technique
#7
Min-Su Kim, Go-Woon Kim, Young-Soo Rho, Kee-Hwan Kwon, Eun-Jae Chung
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness and safety of office-based electromyography-guided injection of botulinum toxin in the cricopharyngeus muscle of patients who did not show upper esophageal sphincter passage in a swallowing study in spite of maximal swallowing rehabilitation. METHODS: Thirty-six patients who showed no or limited ability to oral feed after maximum swallowing rehabilitation were enrolled. Video fluoroscopic swallowing study, flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, disability rating scale, penetration aspiration score, and National Institutes of Health swallowing safety scale were used in the evaluation of dysphagia...
May 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396807/fabricating-cad-cam-implant-retained-mandibular-bar-overdentures-a-clinical-and-technical-overview
#8
Chui Ling Goo, Keson Beng Choon Tan
This report describes the clinical and technical aspects in the oral rehabilitation of an edentulous patient with knife-edge ridge at the mandibular anterior edentulous region, using implant-retained overdentures. The application of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) in the fabrication of the overdenture framework simplifies the laboratory process of the implant prostheses. The Nobel Procera CAD/CAM System was utilised to produce a lightweight titanium overdenture bar with locator attachments...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392215/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-oral-hygiene-care-programmes-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#9
Ruoxi Dai, Otto L T Lam, Edward C M Lo, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) and a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) in improving oral hygiene, and reducing gingival bleeding among patients with stroke during outpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to receive (i) the COHCP comprising a manual toothbrush, toothpaste, and oral hygiene instruction, or (ii) the AOHCP comprising a powered toothbrush, 0...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#10
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385436/influence-of-a-removable-prosthesis-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mastication-in-elders-with-parkinson-disease
#11
Giselle R Ribeiro, Camila H Campos, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Parkinson disease (PD) symptoms, such as muscle rigidity, tremors in the lips and tongue, and involuntary mandibular movements, may cause oral health-related problems, mastication difficulties, and denture discomfort because of the difficulty in controlling a prosthesis with the oral musculature. PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational clinical study was to evaluate the influence of oral rehabilitation with a removable prosthesis on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and masticatory efficiency (ME) in elders with PD...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384521/rna-isolation-from-alveolar-bone-and-gene-expression-analysis-of-rank-rankl-and-opg-a-new-tool-to-monitor-bone-remodeling-and-healing-in-different-bone-substitutes-used-for-prosthetic-rehabilitation
#12
Elena Canciani, Claudia Dellavia, Monica Gioia Marazzi, Davide Augusti, Daniela Carmagnola, Elena Vianello, Luigi Canullo, Emanuela Galliera
OBJECTIVE: (i) To validate a simple and efficient method for extracting high quality RNA from small samples of bone tissue, (ii) to test its application on limited amounts of grafted oral bone and (iii) to analyze the gene expression of the OPG/RANK/RANKL system and IL-6 in "spontaneous healing" and grafted tissue. DESIGN: 26 patients in need of extraction of one lower molar tooth were divided in 3 groups. In group A (8 patients) the alveolar socket was left for spontaneous healing, in group B (8 patients) it was filled with a hydroxyapatite scaffold while in group C (10 patients) it was filled with hydroxyapatite granules...
March 28, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#13
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383598/genetic-relatedness-of-peri-implants-and-buccal-candida-albicans-isolates-determined-by-rapd-pcr
#14
Adriana M Bertone, Alcira C Rosa, Natalia Nastri, Hector D Santillán, Yamila Ariza, Cristina A Iovannitti, Virginia M Jewtuchowicz
Molecular techniques have been used in recent studies to identify a wide range of potential bacterial pathogens in periimplant pockets of the oral cavity. However, the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of yeasts and species distribution related to periimplantitis are as yet unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of yeasts in periimplant biofilm and to study genetic relatedness of Candida albicans. Yeasts recovered from periimplant biofilm samples (n=89) and buccal samples (n=120) were studied in 40 immunocompetent nonsmoking patients who visited the dental clinic of the Asociación Implantodontológica Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and had received oral rehabilitation with implants for more than five years...
December 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381734/implant-supported-oral-rehabilitation-in-child-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-4-year-follow-up
#15
Thaisa Cezária Triches, Marcos Ximenes, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Armando Rodrigues Lopes Pereira Neto, Antônio Carlos Cardoso, Michele Bolan
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is an anomaly determined by genetic factors that alter ectodermal structures such as skin, hair, nails, glands, and teeth. Children affected by this condition require extensive, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary treatment. An 8-year-old female patient visited the Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Catarina with the chief complaint of multiple missing teeth. The mother reported that the patient had ED. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the congenital absence of several primary and permanent teeth and tooth germs...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381730/swallowing-rehabilitation-affects-period-of-hospitalization-after-surgery-for-tongue-cancer
#16
Mai Ohkubo, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Mariko Ohira, Masanao Yamamoto, Tatsuya Iguchi, Takahiko Shibahara, Nobuo Takano, Ryo Ishida
Functional rehabilitation has been reported to improve swallowing. The effect of the presence or absence of such rehabilitation has yet to be compared in oral cancer patients, however. The purpose of this study was to investigate its effect on correlations between the period of hospitalization and the period of tube feeding (from the day of surgery to termination of tube feeding) and period of oral nutrition (from termination of tube feeding to discharge). Body weight was also measured on admission and discharge and the difference calculated...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380087/orofacial-clefts-in-brazil-and-surgical-rehabilitation-under-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#17
Giselle Firmino Torres de Sousa, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of live births with orofacial clefts in Brazil from 2009 to 2013, according to Brazil's federative units and regions, and correlate it with the number of corrective surgery procedures for cleft lip and palate performed through the Brazilian National Health System in the same period. The data were collected from the National Live Birth System (SINASC in Portuguese) and the Hospital Information System (SIH-SUS in Portuguese). The results showed that the average prevalence of oral clefts in the period was 5...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378507/evaluation-of-nursing-interventions-using-minimally-invasive-assessments-methods-for-patients-in-a-persistent-vegetative-state
#18
Mitsue Sato, Masahiro Sugimoto, Kazuo Yamaguchi, Takeshi Kawaguchi
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of nursing interventions using minimally invasive or non-invasive methods conducive to frequent use in order to assess patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS). METHODS: We provided three nursing interventions-sitting the patient in an upright position, footbath care, and oral care-to PVS patients (n = 11) and elderly bedridden subjects with consciousness (n = 6) for 3 weeks in addition to ordinary nursing treatments...
April 4, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376347/overview-of-avian-toxicity-studies-for-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#19
S J Bursian, C R Alexander, D Cacela, F L Cunningham, K M Dean, B S Dorr, C K Ellis, C A Godard-Codding, C G Guglielmo, K C Hanson-Dorr, K E Harr, K A Healy, M J Hooper, K E Horak, J P Isanhart, L V Kennedy, J E Link, I Maggini, J K Moye, C R Perez, C A Pritsos, S A Shriner, K A Trust, P L Tuttle
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes liability for injuries to natural resources because of the release or threat of release of oil. Assessment of injury to natural resources resulting from an oil spill and development and implementation of a plan for the restoration, rehabilitation, replacement or acquisition of natural resources to compensate for those injuries is accomplished through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. The NRDA process began within a week of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which occurred on April 20, 2010...
April 1, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367901/changes-in-oral-stereognosis-of-healthy-adults-by-age
#20
Jin-Hyuck Park
Rehabilitation for dysfunctions of eating and swallowing should be considered in terms of not only motor but also sensory function. Sensory information from a bolus in the mouth plays an important role in eating and swallowing. Therefore, this study investigated oral stereognosis in 184 healthy adults with normal eating and swallowing function in order to obtain normative data. Oral stereognosis was assessed by using 20 intra-oral test pieces with different shapes. The subjects manipulated the test pieces in the mouth and identified their shapes...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
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