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Oral rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137725/a-gait-retraining-system-using-augmented-reality-to-modify-footprint-parameters-effects-on-lower-limb-sagittal-plane-kinematics
#1
Sami Bennour, Baptiste Ulrich, Thomas Legrand, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Improving lower-limb flexion/extension angles during walking is important for the treatment of numerous pathologies. Currently, these gait retraining procedures are mostly qualitative, often based on visual assessment and oral instructions. This study aimed to propose an alternative method combining motion capture and display of target footprints on the floor. The second objectives were to determine the error in footprint modifications and the effects of footprint modifications on lower-limb flexion/extension angles...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#2
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129784/impact-of-prosthodontic-rehabilitation-on-the-masticatory-performance-of-partially-dentate-older-patients-can-it-predict-nutritional-state-results-from-a-rct
#3
Sara Wallace, Stefanie Samietz, Meriem Abbas, Gerald McKenna, Jayne V Woodside, Martin Schimmel
OBJECTIVES: With a decreased number of teeth, a reduction in chewing function can contribute to changes in food choices and ultimately impact on overall nutritional status. This study compared the impact of two tooth replacement strategies for partially dentate older patients on masticatory performance and nutritional status. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and older were randomly allocated to two different treatment groups. For the RPDP-group (removable partial dental prostheses) each participant was restored to complete arches with cobalt-chromium removable prostheses to replace missing teeth...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126497/radiation-therapy-for-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancers
#4
REVIEW
Alexander Lin
Radiotherapy is a key therapeutic modality used in the treatment of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers, whether as definitive treatment or postoperatively for those with high-risk factors after surgery. Although radiotherapy is a proven, effective treatment of cancer control, it can result in significant acute and late toxicities. Pretreatment patient education, supportive care, and posttreatment adherence to rehabilitative and preventive care can help mitigate toxicities. Advances in radiation delivery, such as through continued technological advances, or novel approaches to customizing radiation dose and volume, to maximize the therapeutic efficacy while minimizing side effects, are warranted...
January 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126426/the-influence-of-immediately-loaded-implant-treatment-in-the-atrophic-edentulous-maxilla-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-edentulous-patients-3-year-results-of-a-prospective-study
#5
Maria Erkapers, Susanna Segerström, Karl Ekstrand, Russell A Baer, Joseph A Toljanic, Andreas Thor
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral health related quality of life (OHQoL) in edentulous patients treated with immediately loaded implants in the maxilla. METHODS: Fifty-one edentulous patients in two centers received six maxillary implants each were loaded within 24 h with provisional restoration. Definitive restoration was delivered 20-24 weeks later. OHQoL was evaluated preoperatively with the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 questionnaire (OHIP-49) and on five subsequent occasions...
November 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122733/readmissions-in-anticoagulated-intracranial-hemorrhage-patients-a-retrospective-review
#6
Monica M DiFiori, Laura C Lamb, Lori L Calavan, Christopher H Comey, James M Feeney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) when compared to warfarin, on the 30-day readmission rates in patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients from our hospital's trauma database admitted from June 2011 to October 2015 to our Level II trauma center after sustaining a traumatic ICH while anticoagulated. Patients were stratified based on the anticoagulation drug (DOAC or warfarin) they were prescribed upon admission...
November 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122494/penile-rehabilitation-therapy-following-radical-prostatectomy-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Chunhui Liu, David S Lopez, Ming Chen, Run Wang
BACKGROUND: Penile rehabilitation, defined as the use of any drug or device at or after radical prostatectomy to maximize erectile function recovery, is commonly used for post-prostatectomy erectile dysfunction; however, conflicting results based on each study make it difficult to give a recommendation for clinical practice. AIM: To clarify the effect of oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is), vacuum erection devices, intracorporeal injection therapy, and the combination of these treatments on penile rehabilitation...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117726/construct-validity-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-eat-10
#8
Janina Wilmskoetter, Heather Bonilha, Ickpyo Hong, R Jordan Hazelwood, Bonnie Martin-Harris, Craig Velozo
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the construct validity of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) by determining its dimensionality, rating scale integrity, item-person match, precision and relationship with the degree of airway invasion and functional oral intake. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients' EAT-10 scores. We used the Rasch rating scale model. We investigated correlations between the EAT-10 and scores on the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS)...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110703/effectiveness-of-a-theory-based-multicomponent-intervention-movement-coaching-on-the-promotion-of-total-and-domain-specific-physical-activity-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-low-back-pain-patients
#9
Andrea Schaller, Katja Petrowski, Timo-Kolja Pfoertner, Ingo Froboese
BACKGROUND: The promotion of physical activity is a major field in rehabilitation and health promotion but evidence is lacking on what method or strategy works best. Ensuing from this research gap, the present study compared the effectiveness of a comprehensive theory based multicomponent intervention (Movement Coaching) to a low intensity intervention in low back pain patients. METHODS: A monocenter randomized controlled trial with three measuring points (T0 = baseline, T1 = six month follow-up, T2 = twelve month follow-up) was conducted...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110447/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-ageing-people-with-disabilities-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#10
Aydan Oral, Christina-Anastasia Rapidi, Jiri Votava, Nikolaos Roussos, Xanthi Michail, Jolanta Kujawa, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
Ageing people with disabilities (APwDs) are faced with challenges of ageing which is straightforwardly related to disability that adds to the burden related to their early-onset disability. The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for APwDs (as a distinct group from those who are disabled due to the ageing process) in order to promote their functioning properties and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process have been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
October 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106861/laryngotracheal-reconstruction-and-swallowing-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer F Ha, Lynn Driver, David A Zopf
OBJECTIVES: Significant advances in laryngotracheal reconstruction over the last few decades have revolutionised the management of paediatric patients with complex congenital or acquired airway stenosis. The primary aim of laryngotracheal reconstruction has focused primarily on airway and surgery specific outcomes, often at the expense of voice, as well as swallowing function, which are all intricately related. There is currently a paucity of data on swallowing outcome. The goal of this paper is to review and discuss the existing research on the impact of laryngotracheal on swallowing...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105932/bioactive-treatments-in-bone-grafts-for-implant-based-rehabilitation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Wellington Luiz de Oliveira da Rosa, Tiago Machado da Silva, Adriana Fernandes da Silva, Evandro Piva
BACKGROUND: The use of bioactive proteins, such as rhBMP-2, may improve bone regeneration in oral and maxillofacial surgery. PURPOSE: Analyze the effect of using bioactive proteins for bone regeneration in implant-based rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven databases were screened. Only clinical trials that evaluated the use of heterologous sources of bioactive proteins for bone formation prior to implant-based rehabilitation were included...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105865/oral-medication-prescription-practices-of-tertiary-based-specialists-for-dystonia-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Adrienne Harvey, Dinah Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
AIM: To examine current clinical practice for prescribing medications for children with dystonic cerebral palsy (CP) by medical doctors working at a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Rehabilitation and developmental paediatric specialists completed: (i) a custom-designed online cross-sectional survey capturing their usual prescribing patterns; and (ii) one-page questionnaires detailing medication prescription for each child with CP who they started on a new medication for dystonia over a 12-month period...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097820/electrical-stimulation-of-hyoid-muscles-in-post-stroke-dysphagia
#14
Petr Konecny, Milan Elfmark
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate swallowing changes in post-stroke patients with dysphagia after four weeks of suprahyoid muscles electrical stimulation. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study of early stage stroke patients with dysphagia. Electrical stimulation of suprahyoid muscles was given to a group of 54 patients (26 men, average age 70 years) for 20 minutes a day, 5 days a week. Standard orofacial rehabilitation without electrical stimulation was carried out on a control group of 54 patients (31 men, average age 69 years)...
November 2, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090475/a-multi-centre-randomized-clinical-trial-of-oral-hygiene-interventions-following-stroke-a-6-months-trial
#15
Normaliza Ab Malik, Saari Mohamad Yatim, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Otto Lok Tao Lam, Lijian Jin, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
BACKGROUND: Maintaining good oral hygiene is important following stroke. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of two oral health promotion (OHP) programmes to reduce dental plaque levels following stroke. METHODS: A multi-center randomized clinical control trial was conducted among patients hospitalised following stroke in Malaysia. Patients were randomly allocated to two OHP groups: i) control group who received the conventional method for plaque control - daily manual tooth brushing with a standardized commercial toothpaste, ii) test group - who received an intense method for plaque control - daily powered tooth brushing with 1% Chlorhexidine gel...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077689/incidence-of-otologic-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-the-organ-of-hearing-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-tdm
#16
Zofia Maciejewska-Szaniec, Barbara Maciejewska, Katarzyna Mehr, Paweł Piotrowski, Michał Michalak, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica, Tomasz Klatkiewicz, Agata Czajka-Jakubowska
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have discussed cases of concomitant temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and otologic symptoms (OS). However, attempts to determine the true origin of these symptoms combined with assessments of the condition of the organ of hearing are relatively rare. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency and type of OS in patients with TMD, and attempted to determine the origin of the OS in the studied group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS 246 patients, aged 40.08±11.12 years (F=147, M=99) with TMD, from the Department of Oral Rehabilitation of Poznan University of Medical Sciences...
October 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076386/impact-of-high-intensity-concurrent-training-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-pilot-study
#17
Charly Keytsman, Dominique Hansen, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde
PURPOSE: High-intensity concurrent training positively affects cardiovascular risk factors. Because this was never investigated in multiple sclerosis, the present pilot study explored the impact of this training on cardiovascular risk factors in this population. METHODS: Before and after 12 weeks of high-intense concurrent training (interval and strength training, 5 sessions per 2 weeks, n = 16) body composition, resting blood pressure and heart rate, 2-h oral glucose tolerance (insulin sensitivity, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood glucose and insulin concentrations), blood lipids (high- and low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, triglyceride levels) and C-reactive protein were analyzed...
October 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072217/assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-patients-1-5-years-after-treatment-for-oral-cancer
#18
Akshay Khandelwal, Arati Neeli, Akshata Gadiyar, Ankit Khandelwal
PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the quality of life (QOL) of oral cancer survivors, 1-5 years after the treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of fifty patients concerning their QOL were gained from the Outpatient Department of K.L.E's Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Belagavi, and Karnataka Cancer Therapy and Research Institute, Navanagar, Hubli, Karnataka, India. All the patients suffered from oral cancer (stage T2-T4) and underwent surgery with reconstruction followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071028/successful-use-of-lower-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#19
Gustavo Antonio Correa Momesso, Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Cecília Alves de Sousa, Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Jaqueline Suemi Hassumi, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior, Leonardo Perez Faverani
Case Presentation: This study aimed to report a case of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) of a 65-year-old female patient referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery team from Araçatuba Dental School, complaining about mobility of a previously dental implant placed on the posterior maxillary region. Clinical examination revealed an extensive necrosis area around the implant region. The patient reported bisphosphonate therapy with sodium alendronate for prevention of osteoporosis 5 years ago...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069271/intensive-treatment-of-speech-disorders-in-robin-sequence-a-case-report
#20
Maria Daniela Borro Pinto, Maria Inês Pegoraro-Krook, Laura Katarine Félix de Andrade, Ana Paula Carvalho Correa, Linda Iris Rosa-Lugo, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka
PURPOSE: To describe the speech of a patient with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) and severe speech disorders before and after participating in an Intensive Speech Therapy Program (ISTP). METHODS: The ISTP consisted of two daily sessions of therapy over a 36-week period, resulting in a total of 360 therapy sessions. The sessions included the phases of establishment, generalization, and maintenance. A combination of strategies, such as modified contrast therapy and speech sound perception training, were used to elicit adequate place of articulation...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
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