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Oral rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635634/despite-inflammation-supplemented-essential-amino-acids-may-improve-circulating-levels-of-albumin-and-haemoglobin-in-patients-after-hip-fractures
#1
Roberto Aquilani, Ginetto Carlo Zuccarelli, Anna Maria Condino, Michele Catani, Carla Rutili, Consiglia Del Vecchio, Pietro Pisano, Manuela Verri, Paolo Iadarola, Simona Viglio, Federica Boschi
Essential amino acids (EAAs) are nutritional substrates that promote body protein synthesis; thus we hypothesised that their supplementation may improve circulating albumin (Alb) and haemoglobin (Hb) in rehabilitative elderly patients following hip fractures (HF). Out of the 145 HF patients originally enrolled in our study, 112 completed the protocol. These subjects were divided into two randomised groups, each containing 56 patients. For a period of two months, one group (age 81.4 ± 8.1 years; male/female 27/29) received a placebo, and the other (age 83...
June 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628350/custom-cast-ball-attachments-used-on-outdated-implants-to-restore-a-maxillary-implant-supported-overdenture
#2
Andressa Rosa Perin Leite, Danny Omar Mendoza Marin, Gabriela Giro, Ana Carolina Pero, Ligia Antunes Pereira Pinelli, JoséMauriciodos Santos Reis
The lack of compatible prosthetic components can be a complication during oral rehabilitations using outdated implants. The aim of the present clinical report was to describe an alternative technique for the fabrication of a maxillary implant-supported overdenture in a patient with 20-year-old dental implants using castable spherical patterns and ball-attachments. The patient had been wearing a relined bar/clip overdenture in the mandible on four external-hexagon dental implants and a relined complete denture in the maxilla on four internal-hexagon implants due to abutment screw fracture inside of the implants, losing the attachment system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620998/a-survey-of-speech-language-therapy-provision-for-people-with-post-stroke-dysarthria-in-the-uk
#3
Nick Miller, Steven Bloch
BACKGROUND: A large number of people who experience a stroke are affected by dysarthria. This may be in isolation or in association with aphasia and/or dysphagia. Despite evidence highlighting the psychological and social impact of having post-stroke dysarthria and a number of clinical guidelines that make recommendations for appropriate management, little is known currently about UK service delivery issues relating to speech and language therapy (SLT) assessment and treatment for this group...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620641/a-rare-condition-of-bimaxillary-primary-molar-taurodontism
#4
Avula Jogendra Sai Sankar, Enuganti Sreedevi, Akkala Satya Gopal, Manne Naga Lakshmi
Taurodontism is a relatively rare variance with a very low incidence in primary dentition and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. It stands a challenge when these teeth require pulp therapy. This case report illustrates the oral rehabilitation of multiple primary molars with taurodontism involving both the maxillary and mandibular arches, which is a rare occurrence.
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615638/pharmacodynamic-and-pharmacokinetic-assessment-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-mixture-for-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Juanjuan Zhao, Yan Ren, Yubei Qu, Wanglin Jiang, Changjun Lv
Pulmonary rehabilitation mixture (PRM), a Chinese herbal medicine formula, has been used to treat pulmonary fibrosis for decades. In this study, we systematically evaluated the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic performance of PRM. The pharmacodynamic results showed that PRM could improve the condition of CoCl2-stimulated human type II alveolar epithelial cells, human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells, human lung fibroblasts and pulmonary fibrosis rats induced by bleomycin, PRM treatment reduced the expression of platelet-derived growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, toll-like receptor 4, high-mobility group box protein 1 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613053/-application-of-negative-molds-technology-based-on-three-dimensional-printing-in-digital-maxillofacial-prostheses
#6
X Y Gu, X B Chen, T Jiao, F Q Zhang, X Q Jiang
Objective: To explore a digital negative molds technique based on three-dimensional (3D) printing to assist in the manufacture of maxillofacial prostheses, and to improve the deficiency of the current clinical treatment. Methods: Seventeen patients with maxillofacial defects (including nasal defects, orbital defects, cheek defects, auricle defect) were scanned by means of facial optical scanning and computer tomography (CT). The 3D models were then reconstructed and global registration was made to merge the reconstructed models into a new digital model for 3D design...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612219/prospective-phase-ii-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-swallow-ability-screening-tests-and-pneumonia-prevention-using-a-team-approach-for-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Yuichiro Miki, Rie Makuuchi, Shinsaku Honda, Masanori Tokunaga, Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Takashi Yurikusa, Akira Tanuma, Masanori Terashima
BACKGROUND: Aging partly impairs swallowing function, which is considered a risk factor for postoperative pneumonia (PP). We evaluated the efficacy of a new team-based strategy to reduce the incidence of PP in elderly patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: This single-center, prospective phase II study included elderly patients (≥75 years old) with gastric cancer undergoing gastric surgery. The primary endpoint was the incidence of Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher PP...
June 13, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608438/a-randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-targeted-nutrition-as-adjunct-to-exercise-training-in-copd
#8
Coby van de Bool, Erica P A Rutten, Ardy van Helvoort, Frits M E Franssen, Emiel F M Wouters, Annemie M W J Schols
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the efficacy of nutritional supplementation to enhance exercise training responses in COPD patients with low muscle mass is limited. The objective was to study if nutritional supplementation targeting muscle derangements enhances outcome of exercise training in COPD patients with low muscle mass. METHODS: Eighty-one COPD patients with low muscle mass, admitted to out-patient pulmonary rehabilitation, randomly received oral nutritional supplementation, enriched with leucine, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids (NUTRITION) or PLACEBO as adjunct to 4 months supervised high intensity exercise training...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607779/thrombotic-microangiopathy-secondary-to-intravenous-abuse-of-opana%C3%A2-er
#9
Kamia Thakur, Vaibhav Agrawal, Ashley Kass, Lauren M Dimarino, R Patrick Dorion, Joseph Vadakara
Opana ER (oxymorphone) is an opioid drug available throughout the United States, and intravenous abuse of the crushed oral formulation has been associated with drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy. In this abstract, we describe two young patients who lived together and used Opana ER intravenously. Both presented with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that mimicked thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Treating this condition poses a clinical challenge, as it is difficult to distinguish it from TTP. The role for plasma exchange is not clear but can be used while awaiting the results of the ADAMTS-13 activity, but ultimately supportive care with drug discontinuation is the recommended therapy of choice...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607755/access-and-barriers-to-ms-care-in-latin-america
#10
REVIEW
Víctor M Rivera, Miguel Angel Macias
Multiple sclerosis (MS), an epidemiologically emergent disorder in Latin America (LATAM), poses substantial socioeconomic challenges to a region where most countries remain as economies in development. MS is not health priority despite its economic and communitarian impact with a relatively low prevalence. MS treatments in LATAM have evolved from earlier long-term oral steroids and immunosuppression protocols, to platform disease modifying therapies (DMTs), to the current landscape with more advanced therapeutic molecules...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584411/effectiveness-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-irradiated-maxillofacial-dental-implant-patients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Darshana Nilesh Shah, Chirag Jasubhai Chauhan, Jenish Sureshbhai Solanki
The significantly higher implant failure rates in maxillofacial patients, undergoing radiotherapy, might be caused by the long-term effects of reduced vascularization compromising the implantation site. An extensive preclinical animal literature and a multitude of clinical reports suggest the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy as it can improve the tissue vascularity. Hence, it may increase the implant survival rate by enhancing osseointegration process in such patients. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of HBO therapy on dental implant survival rate in irradiated maxillofacial patients who require prosthodontic rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578375/knowledge-aptitudes-and-preferences-in-implant-dentistry-teaching-training-among-undergraduate-dental-students-at-the-university-of-barcelona
#12
M-A Sánchez-Garcés, E Berástegui-Jimeno, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Oral implant rehabilitation should be considered a treatment option for any edentulous patient and Implant Dentistry is currently a discipline taught in the undergraduate formation. The level of knowledge acquired and how the students perceive the quality of training in Implant Dentistry could assess to know if it is necessary to improve the syllabus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with 11 questions: Basic knowledge (7); Perception of training received (2); Ways in which students would receive training (2)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578077/oral-rehabilitation-with-implant-supported-fixed-dental-prostheses-of-a-patient-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia
#13
Fethi Atil, Ahmet Culhaoglu, Ismail Doruk Kocyigit, Zahit Adisen, Melda Misirlioglu, Burak Yilmaz
This clinical report describes the oral rehabilitation with implant-supported fixed dental prostheses in the maxilla and mandible of a patient with cleidocranial dysplasia. Cone-beam computed tomography and a tilted implant protocol in the mandible helped to establish a conservative approach for bone preservation, prevent surgical complications, enable proper implant positioning to avoid anatomic structures, and support the fixed dental prostheses.
May 31, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573552/autogenous-bone-grafts-in-oral-implantology-is-it-still-a-gold-standard-a-consecutive-review-of-279-patients-with-456-clinical-procedures
#14
Andreas Sakkas, Frank Wilde, Marcus Heufelder, Karsten Winter, Alexander Schramm
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the clinical outcomes of graft success rate and early implant survival rate after preprosthetic alveolar ridge reconstruction with autologous bone grafts. METHODS: A consecutive retrospective study was conducted on all patients who were treated at the military outpatient clinic of the Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery at the military hospital in Ulm (Germany) in the years of 2009 until 2011 with autologous bone transplantation prior to secondary implant insertion...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569452/zirconia-reinforced-lithium-silicate-ceramic-a-2-year-follow-up-of-a-clinical-experience-with-anterior-crowns
#15
Guilherme de Siqueira Ferreira Anzaloni Saavedra, Flávia Pires Rodrigues, Marco Antonio Bottino
The aim of this manuscript is to describe 2-year follow-up of a clinical experience with a zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic for an anterior rehabilitation with single metal-free crowns. The maxillary-central incisor teeth crowns were made by zirconium-reinforced lithium silicate and covered with porcelain were obtained with a digital impression with the intra-oral scanner of the CEREC system as a basis for virtual design, as well as a laminate for the left lateral maxillary incisor, based on a "double scanning" technique...
March 2017: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566873/hollow-bulb-one-piece-maxillary-definitive-obturator-a-simplified-approach
#16
Sapna Rani, Sakshi Gupta, Mahesh Verma
In maxillary defects, role of a prosthodontist is to rehabilitate the intra- and extra-oral structures and to endow with the normal function of mastication, speech, deglutition, and esthetics. Malignancies are common in the oral region and are treated usually through surgical intervention. Surgical intervention creates anatomical defects creating communication between oral and nasal cavity. Patients pose difficulties while performing normal functions such as swallowing and speaking, due to this communication...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559122/reprint-of-overview-of-avian-toxicity-studies-for-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#17
S J Bursian, C R Alexander, D Cacela, F L Cunningham, K M Dean, B S Dorr, C K Ellis, C A Godard-Codding, C G Guglielmo, K C Hanson-Dorr, K E Harr, K A Healy, M J Hooper, K E Horak, J P Isanhart, L V Kennedy, J E Link, I Maggini, J K Moye, C R Perez, C A Pritsos, S A Shriner, K A Trust, P L Tuttle
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes liability for injuries to natural resources because of the release or threat of release of oil. Assessment of injury to natural resources resulting from an oil spill and development and implementation of a plan for the restoration, rehabilitation, replacement or acquisition of natural resources to compensate for those injuries is accomplished through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. The NRDA process began within a week of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which occurred on April 20, 2010...
May 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558399/-applicability-of-the-therapeutic-nursing-theory-in-neurological-early-rehabilitation-into-nursing-practice-a-case-study
#18
Sindy Lautenschläger, Jürgen Muser, Elisabeth Müller
Purpose The objective of the study is to describe how the theory of therapeutic nursing in neurological (early) rehabilitation can be transferred into nursing practice. Materials and Methods The theory was developed using the method of grounded theory by Glaser and Strauss. Open participatory observations (n=92) and episodic interviews (n=10) with nursing professionals and nursing auxiliaries were conducted in 5 inpatient rehabilitation clinics. Data analysis was performed using the constant comparative method by Glaser and Strauss...
May 30, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557401/-personal-response-to-disease-at-paresthesia-oral-mucosa
#19
A K Iordanishvili
A study related to the disease in 39 (7 men and 32 women) people aged 61-86 years, suffering from paresthesia oral mucous membranes (POMM). To determine the type of relationship to the patient's illness was used clinical test method which employs a clinical-psychological typology of relationship to the patient's illness. It was found that for patients with middle and old age (69,2 %), suffering from severe and moderate POMM severity of pathology characteristic intrapsychic focus of personal response to the disease, is caused due to the presence of a constant burning sensation in the mouth, often accompanied by the syndrome of «dry mouth» violation of social adaptation of patients...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552611/care-of-long-term-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-after-treatment-with-oral-or-facial-prostheses-or-both
#20
E Worrell, L Worrell, B Bisase
The current evidence of good practice in the delivery of long-term supportive care to patients who have been treated for head and neck cancer is sparse. We recruited 10 survivors so that we could follow their experience after their acute treatment was over. There were six men (mean (range) age 72 (54-86) years) and four women (mean (range) age 69 (67-73) years). After ethics committee approval had been given, we used structured interviews and questionnaires to investigate the impact of the resection and reconstruction, the patients' perceived needs, and their use of supportive care services...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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