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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931096/-nutrition-therapy-of-cancer-patients
#1
József Lövey
The majority of cancer patients becomes malnourished during the course of their disease. Malnutrition deteriorates the efficiency of all kinds of oncologic interventions. As a consequence of it, treatment-related toxicity increases, hospital stay is lengthened, chances of cure and survival as well as the quality of life of the patients worsen. Nutritional status therefore influences all aspects of outcome of oncology care. In spite of this the use of nutritional therapy varies across health care providers but its application is far from being sufficient during active oncology interventions as well as rehabilitation and supportive care...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929054/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-geriatric-patient-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-report-of-clinical-challenges
#2
Raghavendra Adaki, Sarvesh Raikar, Kamal Shigli, Sivaranjani Gali
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to highlight the rehabilitation of a geriatric patient with an orofacial cheek defect by an extraoral silicone prosthesis. METHODOLOGY: Structured extra- and intra-oral examination of tissues coupled with a justified choice of impression materials, techniques, and prosthetic rehabilitation with a high-temperature vulcanizing silicone was done. RESULTS: The presence of compressible tissues, static appearance of the prosthesis during patient's facial movements, variability in complexion of the skin around the defect, and manipulating heat-vulcanized silicone were the challenges faced during clinical procedures...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925546/multidisciplinary-full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-soft-tissue-regeneration-in-the-esthetic-zone
#3
Anja Liebermann, Stefan Frei, Madalena Lucia Pinheiro Dias Engler, Otto Zuhr, Otto Prandtner, Daniel Edelhoff, Reza Saeidi Pour
OBJECTIVE: Oral rehabilitation often requires a multidisciplinary approach including restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and periodontology to fulfill high esthetic and functional demands, frequently combined with changes in the vertical dimension. The presence of gingival recessions can be associated with numerous factors, such as brushing or preparation trauma and persistent inflammation of the gingiva due to inadequate marginal fit of restorations. Because gingival recessions can cause major esthetic and functional problems, obtaining stability of the gingival tissue around prosthetic restorations is of essential concern...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919152/erector-spinae-plane-esp-block-in-the-management-of-post-thoracotomy-pain-syndrome-a-case-series
#4
Mauricio Forero, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Sanjib Adhikary, Ki Jinn Chin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS) remains a common complication of thoracic surgery with significant impact on patients' quality of life. Management usually involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes oral and topical analgesics, performing appropriate interventional techniques, and coordinating additional care such as physiotherapy, psychotherapy and rehabilitation. A variety of interventional procedures have been described to treat PTPS that is inadequately managed with systemic or topical analgesics...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906505/outcomes-assessment-of-treating-completely-edentulous-patients-with-a-fixed-implant-supported-profile-prosthesis-utilizing-a-graftless-approach-part-2-patient-related-outcomes
#5
Fawaz Alzoubi, Edmond Bedrossian, Allen Wong, Douglas Ferrell, Chan Park, Thomas Indresano
PURPOSE: To assess outcomes of treating completely edentulous patients with a fixed implant-supported profile prosthesis, utilizing a graftless approach, for the maxilla and for the mandible, with an emphasis on patient-related outcomes, specifically maximum occlusal force, patient satisfaction, and impact on quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with the following inclusion criteria: completely edentulous patients rehabilitated with a fixed implant-supported profile denture, utilizing a graftless approach...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906271/neurosensory-disturbance-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-3025-implant-placements
#6
Antonio Scarano, Bruna Sinjari, Giovanna Murmura, Felice Lorusso
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lesion and duration of sensitivity disturbances after the insertion of dental implants. METHODS: One thousand sixty-five patients (mean age: 58.9 years) enrolled between February 2004 and July 2015 with partial or full mandibular edentulism were selected to receive dental implants for oral rehabilitation. A total of 3025 implants were placed. After surgical procedures, controls were scheduled at suture removal, that is, 10 days after surgery, and repeated at intervals of 1, 3, and 6 months, and comprised patient interview, clinical examination, and sensitivity tests...
September 12, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904966/the-effect-of-oral-dexmedetomidine-premedication-on-preoperative-cooperation-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-procedures
#7
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of 1 μg/kg of oral dexmedetomidine (DEX) as premedication among children undergoing dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 100 children between 2 and 6 years of age, ASA I, who underwent full-mouth dental rehabilitation. The DEX group (n = 50) received 1 μg/kg DEX in apple juice, and the control group (n = 50) received only apple juice. The patients' scores on the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), parental separation anxiety scale, mask acceptance scale, and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale (PAEDS) and hemodynamic parameters were recorded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903848/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-edentulous-patient-with-maxillary-acquired-defect-by-a-two-piece-hollow-bulb-obturator-using-a-dentogenic-concept
#8
Poonam R Kulkarni, Rahul S Kulkarni, Rupal J Shah, Kavita Maru
Patients may face functional, aesthetic, and social distress because of the palatal defects. Prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillectomy or developmental defect can be challenging for prosthodontists. Prognosis of the prosthetic appliances can be affected not only by patients' own ability to adapt to the prosthesis but also by the factors like the remaining teeth, bony structure, and existing mucosa. Maxillary defects are usually developed by surgical intercession of the benign or malignant conditions and trauma cases...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902248/facial-profile-esthetics-in-operated-children-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#9
Rita de Cássia Moura Carvalho Lauris, Leopoldino Capelozza, Louise Resti Calil, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Guilherme Janson, Daniela Gamba Garib
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the facial profile esthetics of rehabilitated children with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), comparing the judgment of professionals related and not related to cleft rehabilitation and laypersons. Methods: Thirty children in the mixed dentition (24 male; 6 female) with a mean age of 7.8 years were evaluated using facial profile photographs by 25 examiners: 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons with experience in cleft care, 5 orthodontists and 5 plastic surgeons without experience in oral cleft rehabilitation and 5 graduated laymen...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893717/secondary-surgical-decompression-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-overfilling-of-endodontic-sealer-into-the-mandibular-canal-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Anne-Victoire Bastien, Jérôme Adnot, Hervé Moizan, Émile Calenda, Olivier Trost
The authors report the case of a 43 year-old woman who underwent endodontic treatment of the right second mandibular molar with substantial extrusion of endodontic material into the mandibular canal. The patient presented at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with a persistent total anaesthesia of the lower lip and chin after two months. 2D panoramic view and 3D CT-scan examination highlighted the overfilling into the mandibular canal with a more than 50% stenosis of the canal and a consequently significant compression of the dental pedicle...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887958/photoelastic-analysis-of-mandibular-full-arch-implant-supported-fixed-dentures-made-with-different-bar-materials-and-manufacturing-techniques
#11
Danilo Zaparolli, Raniel Fernandes Peixoto, Denise Pupim, Ana Paula Macedo, Marcelo Bighetti Toniollo, Maria da Glória Chiarello de Mattos
PURPOSE: To compare the stress distribution of mandibular full dentures supported with implants according to the bar materials and manufacturing techniques using a qualitative photoelastic analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An acrylic master model simulating the mandibular arch was fabricated with four Morse taper implant analogs of 4.5×6mm. Four different bars were manufactured according to different material and techniques: fiber-reinforced resin (G1, Trinia, CAD/CAM), commercially pure titanium (G2, cpTi, CAD/CAM), cobalt‑chromium (G3, Co-Cr, CAD/CAM) and cobalt‑chromium (G4, Co-Cr, conventional cast)...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877246/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-systematic-review-of-published-case-reports-and-case-series
#12
Shankargouda Patil, Sachin Chakradhar Sarode, Gargi S Sarode, Shilpa Bhandi, Kamran Habib Awan, Marco Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is an insidious chronic condition characterized by restricted mouth opening. Prosthetic rehabilitation is challenging for OSF patients as obtaining a good impression requires adequate mouth opening. The aim of the present review is to systematically present the data from case reports published in the English-language literature. METHOD: A comprehensive search of the literature databases (PubMed, Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Google Scholar) along with the references of published articles on prosthetic rehabilitation in OSF patients published to date was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874639/comparative-analysis-of-the-water-sorption-and-cytotoxicity-of-two-different-denture-base-systems-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Prashanth Shetty, Lokesh Chhapdia, Pranav Verma, Anshul Sahu, Narendra S Kushwaha, Rahul Chaturvedi, Suvashri Manna
AIM: Different biomaterials and techniques have been introduced in the field of prosthetic dentistry with the purpose of replacement and rehabilitation of the edentulous areas. Due to their shorter setting time, the light-activated restorative and prosthetic materials have the capability of releasing few amount of cytotoxic materials in the oral cavity. Polymer materials [urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and bis-acryl] are assumed to have high mechanical properties. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) offers numerous advantages of being highly esthetic in nature and at the same time being cost-effective...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873023/influence-of-bisphosphonates-on-implant-failure-rates-and-characteristics-of-postmenopausal-woman-mandibular-jawbone
#14
Naoko Yajima, Motohiro Munakata, Kei Fuchigami, Minoru Sanda, Shohei Kasugai
Rehabilitation of oral function using dental implants is clinically effective and highly predictable. Bone quantity and quality at the implant site both affect the success of the procedure. However, the effect of bisphosphonate (BP) use on mandibular bone quality has not been well documented. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the bone mineral density (BMD) and cortical thickness of the mandible, as well as the influence of BP use on early implant failure. Twenty-five female patients (≥ 60 years of age) were selected from among 93 candidates with a partially edentulous posterior mandible...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871583/efficacy-of-tape-feedback-therapy-on-synkinesis-following-severe-peripheral-facial-nerve-palsy
#15
Takashi Kasahara, Saori Ikeda, Ayaka Sugimoto, Shinji Sugawara, Yuji Koyama, Minoru Toyokura, Yoshihisa Masakado
BACKGROUND: Mirror feedback rehabilitation is effective in preventing the development of oro-ocular synkinesis following severe facial palsy. However, we do not have effective maneuvers to prevent the deterioration of oculo-oral synkinesis. We developed a new method of biofeedback rehabilitation using tape for the prevention of oculo-oral synkinesis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of taping feedback rehabilitation. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy who developed synkinesis were divided into 2 groups...
September 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863885/a-new-indication-for-barbed-threads-static-reanimation-of-the-paralyzed-face
#16
Victor Vlad Costan, Eugenia Popescu, Daniela Sulea, Ioan Sorin Stratulat
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to present the authors' experience in static facial reanimation using a straightforward incisionless procedure adapted from techniques commonly used for performing minimally invasive facelifts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients were treated by static suspension using barbed sutures and all resulting changes were reviewed. The technique used for suture placement is described in detail, as are the author's tips for achieving the best esthetic and functional results...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862593/prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-hypohidrotic-ectodermal-dysplasia-a-case-report
#17
Luís Eduardo Lavigne Paranhos Quintanilha, Luís Eduardo Carneiro-Campos, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Claudio Pinheiro Fernandes, Fernanda Volpe Abreu
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare ectodermal disease with a systemic expression. Oral abnormalities are common and may include hypodontia and shape irregularities in the primary and permanent dentitions. Rehabilitation of the dental arches in pediatric patients with HED is a challenge because HED is a multifactorial disease that demands a complicated treatment approach and most dentists have limited experience or training in the necessary treatment. In addition, pediatric patients often lack the patience or ability to cooperate with complex prosthetic treatment...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855461/the-effect-of-expiratory-muscle-strength-training-on-the-oral-and-respiratory-functions-of-community-dwelling-older-people-an-analysis-using-the-swallowing-oral-phonatory-and-respiratory-muscle-function-indices
#18
Naoko Ito, Shuichiro Watanabe
PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the effects of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) on the oral and respiratory functions of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Older people using a visiting-rehabilitation center were divided into an intervention group of 31 subjects and a control group of 15 subjects. Those in the intervention group were assigned home training for 8 weeks, which included 5 sets of 5 breaths per day with a 75% load of the maximum expiratory pressure using an EMST device...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#19
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853214/long-term-evaluation-of-osteotome-sinus-floor-elevation-and-simultaneous-placement-of-implants-without-bone-grafts-10-year-radiographic-and-clinical-follow-up
#20
Janusz Caban, Robert Fermergård, Jahan Abtahi
BACKGROUND: Insertion of an implant in the edentulous posterior maxilla is a challenging procedure because of poor bone quality and increased pneumatization of the maxillary sinus after tooth extraction. To increase the amount of bone, several surgical bone grafting techniques have been used-with considerable morbidity for patients. Osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) is a less invasive technique. The clinical and radiographic outcome of 53 implants placed with this technique without bone graft has been reported previously...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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