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Oral rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#1
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225505/nonrevascularizable-buttock-claudication-improved-with-sildenafil-a-case-report
#2
Loukman Omarjee, Audrey Camarzana, Samir Henni, Pierre Abraham
RATIONALE: Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor (PDE5i), could represent a new treatment in addition to the medical treatment and advice to walk in peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report a case of a 62-year-old heavy smoker man who developed a buttock claudication and a severe walking limitation following an aorto-bi-femoral bypass in 1992. Since 2003, each year, he has been referred for investigation of bilateral buttock claudication on treadmill using transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) measurement during exercise to argue for the vascular origin of the walking impairment...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224299/clinical-impact-of-sarcopenia-and-relevance-of-nutritional-intake-in-patients-before-and-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#3
Shouichi Tanaka, Osamu Imataki, Atsuo Kitaoka, Shuji Fujioka, Etsuyo Hanabusa, Yumiko Ohbayashi, Makiko Uemura, Nobuo Arima, Tetsuji Yamamoto
PURPOSE: We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the effect of rehabilitation on minimizing sarcopenia during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) therapy. METHODS: We developed a protocol to test for retention of physical function during HSCT. Muscle strength, muscle circumference, and muscle function before and after HSCT were measured. Consecutive patients with hematological malignancies who underwent HSCT treatment were recruited in this research...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223139/the-role-of-il-1-gene-polymorphisms-il1a-il1b-and-il1rn-as-a-risk-factor-in-unsuccessful-implants-retaining-overdentures
#4
Margarida Sampaio Fernandes, Paula Vaz, Ana Cristina Braga, João Carlos Sampaio Fernandes, Maria Helena Figueiral
PURPOSE: Implant-supported overdentures are an alternative predictable rehabilitation method that has a high impact on improving the patient's quality of life. However, some biological complications may interfere with the maintenance and survival of these overdenture implants. The goal of this article was to assess the factors that affect peri-implant success, through a hypothetical prediction model for biological complications of implant overdentures. METHODS: A retrospective observational, prevalence study was conducted in 58 edentulous Caucasian patients rehabilitated with implant overdentures...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214194/orthogeriatric-activity-in-a-general-hospital-of-castilla-la-mancha-spain
#5
J M Fernández-Ibáñez, M C Morales-Ballesteros, E Crespo-Romero, S Gómez-Gómez, M D Fraga-Fuentes, J Cruz-Tejado, P A Hernández-Zegarra, Á Arias-Arias, M M García-Baltasar
AIM: To describe the orthogeriatric activity in the elderly with hip fractures in the Hospital Mancha Centro, based on the recommendations of the main guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational prospective study, comprising all patients over 65 years of age admitted to the Traumatology Unit with a hip fracture between April 2015 and December 2015. Patients were admitted under the care of the Traumatology Unit with cross-consultation carried out with the Geriatrics Department, which then carried out a pre-operative geriatric assessment and the post-operative follow-ups...
February 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208056/oral-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-treated-with-fresh-frozen-bone-allografts-and-computer-guided-implant-placement-a-clinical-case-report
#6
Carlo Maiorana, Pier Paolo Poli, Carlo Poggio, Paola Barbieri, Mario Beretta
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is an inherited disorder characterized by abnormality of ectodermally derived structures. A recurrent oral finding is oligodontia, which in turn leads to a severely hypotrophic alveolar process with typical knife-edge morphology and adverse ridge contours. This unfavorable anatomy can seriously hamper proper implant placement. Fresh-frozen bone (FFB) allografts recently have been proposed to augment the residual bone volume for implant placement purposes; however, scientific evidence concerning the use of FFB to treat ED patients is absent...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206871/swallowing-therapy-and-progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-treatment-randomized-control-trial-protocol-and-preliminary-data
#7
Sara F Hajdú, Irene Wessel, Christoffer Johansen, Claus A Kristensen, Zahra T Kadkhoda, Christina C Plaschke, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients are often challenged by treatment induced dysphagia and trismus. Traditionally, rehabilitation is initiated when loss of function has already occurred. There is increasing evidence that it is of benefit to patients to initiate an early rehabilitation process before and during treatment. HNC patients have a unique set of functional challenges such as pre- and post-treatment dysphagia, pain and weight loss. The aim of the trial is to investigate the effects of swallowing and mouth-opening exercises combined with progressive resistance training (PRT) during radiotherapy...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203007/-diagnossis-and-treatment-of-complicated-anterior-teeth-esthetic-defects-by-combination-of-whole-process-digital-esthetic-rehabilitation-with-periodontic-surgery
#8
Z Li, Y S Liu, H Q Ye, Y S Liu, W J Hu, Y S Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore a new method of whole-process digital esthetic prosthodontic rehabilitation combined with periodontic surgery for complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects accompanied by soft tissue morphology, to provide an alternative choice for solving this problem under the guidance of three-dimensional (3D) printing digital dental model and surgical guide, thus completing periodontic surgery and digital esthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth. METHODS: In this study, 12 patients with complicated esthetic problems accompanied by soft tissue morphology in their anterior teeth were included...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167746/randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-an-outpatient-exercise-training-programme-on-haemodynamics-and-cardiac-mr-parameters-of-right-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-the-expah-study-protocol
#9
Karen S W Chia, Steven G Faux, Peter K K Wong, Cameron Holloway, Hassan Assareh, Craig S McLachlan, Eugene Kotlyar
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Early stage PH patients are often asymptomatic. Disease progression is associated with impairment of right ventricular function and progressive dyspnoea. Current guidelines recommend exercise training (grade IIa, level B). However, many questions remain regarding the mechanisms of improvement, intensity of supervision and optimal frequency, duration and intensity of exercise...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164121/tissue-engineering-and-oral-rehabilitation-in-the-stomatognathic-system
#10
EDITORIAL
Tomasz Gedrange, Christiane Kunert-Keil, Friedhelm Heinemann, Marzena Dominiak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140479/physical-mental-and-cognitive-disabilities-in-relation-to-utilization-of-dental-care-services-by-nursing-home-residents
#11
Fidaa M Almomani, Wegdan Bani-Issa
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting dental care utilization among nursing home residents in Jordan. METHODS: A total of 221 subjects with a mean age of 62.4 years (121 males and 100 females) taken from among nursing home residents across Jordan were recruited and composed a convenience sample for this study. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Tinetti Assessment Battery for gait and balance (TAB), Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand test (DASH) were administered and oral health status was assessed for all subjects and examined as expected correlates of dental care utilization among nursing home residents...
January 31, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139970/hemodialysis-refractory-metformin-associated-lactate-acidosis-with-hypoglycemia-hypothermia-and-bradycardia-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-belated-diagnosis-and-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#12
Lada Zibar, Karin Zibar
Metformin is a first-line oral antidiabetic therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin-associated lactate acidosis (MALA) is a well-known, life-threatening, but rare side effect of metformin therapy. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a much greater risk of MALA. We report the case of a severe refractory MALA despite hemodialysis (HD) treatment, associated with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bradycardia in a neglected and thus untimely-recognized CKD patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130374/current-status-of-intestinal-and-multivisceral-transplantation
#13
REVIEW
Shishira Bharadwaj, Parul Tandon, Tushar D Gohel, Jill Brown, Ezra Steiger, Donald F Kirby, Ajai Khanna, Kareem Abu-Elmagd
Clinical-nutritional autonomy is the ultimate goal of patients with intestinal failure (IF). Traditionally, patients with IF have been relegated to lifelong parenteral nutrition (PN) once surgical and medical rehabilitation attempts at intestinal adaptation have failed. Over the past two decades, however, outcome improvements in intestinal transplantation have added another dimension to the therapeutic armamentarium in the field of gut rehabilitation. This has become possible through relentless efforts in the standardization of surgical techniques, advancements in immunosuppressive therapies and induction protocols and improvement in postoperative patient care...
January 26, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129510/factors-influencing-the-provision-of-oral-hygiene-care-following-stroke-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#14
Normaliza Ab Malik, Saari Mohamad Yatim, Otto L T Lam, Lijian Jin, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine "intention to" and "performance of" oral hygiene care to stroke patients using the Theory of Planned Behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A large scale survey of 13 centers in Malaysia was conducted involving 806 nurses in relation to oral hygiene care intentions and practices. In addition, information on personal and environmental factors was collected. RESULTS: The response rate was 95.6% (778/806). The domains of the Theory of Planned Behavior were significantly associated with general intention to perform oral hygiene care: attitudes (β = 0...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128465/oro-facial-impairment-in-stroke-patients
#15
REVIEW
Martin Schimmel, Takahiro Ono, Otto L T Lam, Frauke Müller
Stroke is considered one of the leading causes of death and acquired disability with a peak prevalence over the age of 80 years. Stroke may cause debilitating neurological deficiencies that frequently result in sensory deficits, motor impairment, muscular atrophy, cognitive deficits and psychosocial impairment. Oro-facial impairment may occur due to the frequent involvement of the cranial nerves' cortical representation areas, central nervous system pathways or motoneuron pools. The aim of this narrative, non-systematic review is to discuss the implications of stroke on oro-facial functions and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122401/customized-cheek-plumper-with-friction-lock-attachment-for-a-completely-edentulous-patient-to-enhance-esthetics-a-clinical-report
#16
Prem Bhushan, Meena A Aras, Ivy Coutinho, Praveen Rajagopal, Ashwin R Mysore, Swati Kumar
Prosthetic rehabilitation of a completely edentulous patient should never be restricted to the replacement of missing teeth. The ultimate aim of complete denture treatment should be restoration of the full range of oral functions and esthetics. Slumped cheeks are always a concern for esthetically demanding complete denture patients. This article describes a simple, scientific, cost-effective technique to improve facial esthetics in a completely edentulous patient with the help of a cheek plumper. The technique used here implements the concept of neutral zone to precisely determine the amount of space available for the cheek plumper...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121245/solar-powered-hearing-aids-for-children-with-impaired-hearing-in-vietnam-a-pilot-study
#17
Quang Thanh Vo, Dung Pham, Kevin J Choi, Uyen T T Nguyen, Lan Le, Trudy Shanewise, Lien Tran, Nga Nguyen, Walter T Lee
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is a barrier to speech and social and cognitive development. This can be especially pronounced in children living in low- and middle-income countries with limited resources. AIM: To determine the feasibility, durability and social impact of ComCare GLW solar-powered hearing aids provided for Vietnamese children with hearing impairment. METHODS: A retrospective review of data from an international, multi-discipline humanitarian visit was performed...
January 25, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118519/oral-rehabilitation-with-implant-retained-overdenture-in-a-patient-with-down-syndrome
#18
Nuray Yilmaz Altintas, Serdar Kilic, Subutay Han Altintas
Down syndrome, known as trisomy 21, is the most common chromosomal disorder. The disorder affects mental and systemic development as well as oral structure, including dental anomalies, high susceptibility of periodontal disease, and poor quality of alveolar bone. This report presents a case of dental rehabilitation by means of dental implants of a patient with Down syndrome. Two titanium dental implants were placed in the maxilla, and three titanium dental implants were installed in the mandible. One implant was lost during the osseointegration period...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118512/prosthodontic-rehabilitation-for-a-patient-with-down-syndrome-a-clinical-report
#19
Nasser M Alqahtani, Hussain D Alsayed, John A Levon, David T Brown
Patients with Down syndrome can present with a variety of oral manifestations such as hypodontia, periodontal disease, premature tooth loss, reduced salivary flow, crowding of teeth in both arches, and decreased occlusal vertical dimension. The intellectual ability of people with Down syndrome varies widely. They present with a mild-to-moderate intellectual disability that restricts their ability to communicate and adjust to their environment, which can add complexity in the overall dental treatment. There is little information in the literature regarding the prosthodontic rehabilitation for patients with Down syndrome in combination with dental implant placement...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112772/protein-enrichment-of-familiar-foods-as-an-innovative-strategy-to-increase-protein-intake-in-institutionalized-elderly
#20
J Beelen, N M de Roos, L C P G M de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protein intake of older adults, protein enrichment of familiar foods and drinks might be an effective and attractive alternative for oral nutritional supplements (ONS). We performed a pilot study to test whether these products could help institutionalized elderly to reach a protein intake of 1.2 gram per kg body weight per day (g/kg/d). DESIGN: Intervention study with one treatment group (no control group). Dietary assessment was done before and at the end of a 10-day intervention...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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