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Oral rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#1
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781765/individualized-titanium-mesh-combined-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-deproteinized-bovine-bone-a-new-approach-for-challenging-augmentation
#2
Jonas Lorenz, Sarah Al-Maawi, Robert Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
Autologous bone transfer is regarded as the gold standard for ridge augmentation before dental implantation, especially in severe bony defects caused by tumor resection or atrophy. In addition to the advantages of autologous bone, transplantation has several disadvantages, such as secondary operation, increased morbidity and pain. The present study reports, for the first time, a combination of a xenogeneic bone substitute (BO) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is a fully autologous blood concentrate derived from the patient's own peripheral blood by centrifugation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776398/primary-bacterial-ventriculitis-in-adults-an-emergent-diagnosis-challenge-report-of-a-meningoccal-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Anaïs Lesourd, Nicolas Magne, Anaïs Soares, Caroline Lemaitre, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Isabelle Gueit, Michel Wolff, François Caron
BACKGROUND: Defined by an infection of the ventricular system of the brain, ventriculitis is usually known as a health-care associated infection. In contrast, primary pyogenic ventriculitis complicating community-acquired meningitis is uncommon, and mainly described in infants. Only seven cases that have occured in adults have been found in the international literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here a new case due to Neisseria meningitidis occurring in an 85 year-old-man...
May 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773260/mechanical-bowel-preparation-and-oral-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-colorectal-surgery-analysis-of-evidence-and-narrative-review
#4
Josep M Badia, Nares Arroyo-García
The role of oral antibiotic prophylaxis and mechanical bowel preparation in colorectal surgery remains controversial. The lack of efficacy of mechanical preparation to improve infection rates, its adverse effects, and multimodal rehabilitation programs have led to a decline in its use. This review aims to evaluate current evidence on antegrade colonic cleansing combined with oral antibiotics for the prevention of surgical site infections. In experimental studies, oral antibiotics decrease the bacterial inoculum, both in the bowel lumen and surgical field...
May 14, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770082/first-reported-case-of-multidrug-resistant-candida-auris-in-canada
#5
I S Schwartz, G W Hammond
Candida auris is a fungal pathogen that has recently emerged as a global threat to public health. It was first described in Japan in 2009 and has since been reported in 17 countries on five continents. This case report describes the first reported case of multidrug-resistant C. auris in Canada. In May 2017, a 64-year-old individual was evaluated for chronic otitis externa. Past medical history included a recent hospitalization in India for elective oral surgery that was complicated by an odontogenic brain abscess...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764458/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-implant-dentistry-recommendations-for-clinical-use
#6
Reinhilde Jacobs, Benjamin Salmon, Marina Codari, Bassam Hassan, Michael M Bornstein
BACKGROUND: In implant dentistry, three-dimensional (3D) imaging can be realised by dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), offering volumetric data on jaw bones and teeth with relatively low radiation doses and costs. The latter may explain why the market has been steadily growing since the first dental CBCT system appeared two decades ago. More than 85 different CBCT devices are currently available and this exponential growth has created a gap between scientific evidence and existing CBCT machines...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763386/trends-in-polymeric-electrospun-fibers-and-their-use-as-oral-biomaterials
#7
Agnes B Meireles, Daniella K Corrêa, João Vw da Silveira, Ana Lg Millás, Edison Bittencourt, Gustavo Ea de Brito-Melo, Libardo A González-Torres
Electrospinning is one of the techniques to produce structured polymeric fibers in the micro or nano scale and to generate novel materials for biomedical proposes. Electrospinning versatility provides fibers that could support different surgical and rehabilitation treatments. However, its diversity in equipment assembly, polymeric materials, and functional molecules to be incorporated in fibers result in profusion of recent biomaterials that are not fully explored, even though the recognized relevance of the technique...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763351/concomitant-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-and-maxillomandibular-fusion-in-a-child-with-klippel-feil-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Deepika Pai, Abhay T Kamath, Pushpa Kini, Manish Bhagania, Saurabh Kumar
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is classically characterized by fusion of any of the two of seven cervical vertebrae. It is identified by the presence of a triad of clinical signs including short neck, limitation of head and neck movements and low posterior hairline. Unusual bony malformations leading to facial asymmetry is the most common oral manifestation associated with KFS. Such maxillomandibular fusion can also result in restricted mouth opening in children. It's a challenge to provide complete rehabilitation in such children...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750973/effects-of-nutritional-prehabilitation-with-and-without-exercise-on-outcomes-of-patients-who-undergo-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Chelsia Gillis, Katherine Buhler, Lauren Bresee, Francesco Carli, Leah Gramlich, Nicole Culos-Reed, Tolulope T Sajobi, Tanis R Fenton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although there have been meta-analyses of the effects of exercise prehabilitation on patients undergoing colorectal surgery, little is known about the effects of nutrition-only (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling) and multi-modal (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling with exercise) prehabilitation on clinical outcomes and patient function after surgery. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis to determine the individual and combined effects of nutrition-only and multi-modal prehabilitation, compared with no prehabilitation (control), on outcomes of patients undergoing colorectal resection...
May 8, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744197/influence-of-full-mouth-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-disabled-children
#10
Abeer M Al-Nowaiser, Abdulaziz S Al Suwyed, Khalid H Al Zoman, Asirvatham A Robert, Tarfa Al Brahim, Sebastian G Ciancio, Sultan A Al Mubarak, Omar A El Meligy
The efficacy of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) on oral health-related quality of life of physically disabled children was assessed. This prospective study was performed at Dental Department of Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, and King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during May 2012 to September 2014. A total of 186 physically disabled children aged 11-14 years were assigned to a test group (n = 97) or a control group (n = 89). FMR was applied for test group children at baseline and 3 months' visits, whereas those in the control group did not receive FMR...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744184/measuring-lip-force-by-oral-screens-part-1-importance-of-screen-size-and-individual-variability
#11
Madeleine Wertsén, Manne Stenberg
To reduce drooling and facilitate food transport in rehabilitation of patients with oral motor dysfunction, lip force can be trained using an oral screen. Longitudinal studies evaluating the effect of training require objective methods. The aim of this study was to evaluate a method for measuring lip strength, to investigate normal values and fluctuation of lip force in healthy adults on 1 occasion and over time, to study how the size of the screen affects the force, to evaluate the most appropriate measure of reliability, and to identify force performed in relation to gender...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740814/risk-assessment-models-to-predict-caries-recurrence-after-oral-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-a-pilot-study
#12
Yai-Tin Lin, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Yng-Tzer Joseph Lin, Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Chein-Chin Chou, Xiao Li Gao, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (GA), commonly employed to treat high caries-risk children, has been associated with high economic and individual/family burden, besides high post-GA caries recurrence rates. As there is no caries prediction model available for paediatric GA patients, this study was performed to build caries risk assessment/prediction models using pre-GA data and to explore mid-term prognostic factors for early identification of high-risk children prone to caries relapse post-GA oral rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736223/the-effect-of-swallowing-rehabilitation-on-quality-of-life-of-the-dysphagic-patients-with-cortical-ischemic-stroke
#13
Kadir Bahcecı, Ebru Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Eda Gurcay, Erhan Ozturk, Sibel Alıcura
Background: Swallowing and swallowing-related quality of life studies following stroke were almost always performed by including both patients with brainstem and cortical involvement. It was aimed in this study to show the presence of dysphagia in patients with only cortical ischemic stroke and to investigate the interaction between dysphagia and quality of life as well as to evaluate the effect of a rehabilitation program in the acute phase. Methods: Seventy-two patients with cortical stroke (between 0 and 30 days) and dysphagia were included...
October 7, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732025/a-novel-technique-for-the-impression-model-fabrication-and-provisionalization-of-pinlays
#14
Les Kalman, Quincy Izabela Sofowora
Indirect non-metal restorations restore the function and esthetics of severely carious or broken teeth. This report explores a novel approach for the impression, model fabrication and provisionalization of a pin reinforced-onlay (pinlay) preparation. A dentoform molar was prepared for a pinlay indirect restoration. An impression, model and a provisional were fabricated with the employed pins and determined to be clinically acceptable. The pinlay may offer the patient and clinician another treatment option for oral rehabilitation...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731664/perioperative-analgesia-with-a-buprenorphine-transdermal-patch-for-hallux-valgus-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Can Xu, Mingqing Li, Chenggong Wang, Hui Li, Hua Liu
Purpose: Hallux valgus surgery often results in significant postoperative pain. Adequate control of pain is essential for patient satisfaction and improves the outcome of the procedure. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative analgesic effect of a buprenorphine transdermal patch in patients who underwent hallux valgus surgery. Patients and methods: A total of 90 patients were randomly divided into the following three groups based on the perioperative analgesic method: flurbiprofen axetil intravenous injection (Group F), oral celecoxib (Group C), and buprenorphine transdermal delivery system (BTDS) (Group BTDS)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728555/prosthetic-rehabilitation-using-a-telescopic-crown-constructed-with-computer-assisted-design-and-computer-assisted-manufacturing-a-case-report-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#16
Nasser M Al Ahmari
Aim and background: This case report describes a 74-year-old female patient whose teeth were rehabilitated using telescopic crowns (TCs) on abutments and fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) in the maxillary arch with the aid of computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology. The mandibular arch was restored using casted removable dental prostheses (RDPs) and surveyed crowns. Case report: The treatment sequences were followed as recommended in the dental literature. First, existing defective restorations were eliminated, caries was removed, and excellent mouth preparation was performed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728538/impact-of-dental-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#17
Deema J Farsi, Nada J Farsi, Azza A El-Housseiny, Jihan M Turkistani, Najat M Farsi
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of dental rehabilitation on oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) in children with special health care needs (CSHCN) and healthy children. Materials and methods: The prospective study's sample consisted of 213 parents of caries-affected children, who were aged 6 years or younger and were scheduled for dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA). The parent-child dyads were recruited from three public hospitals in Jeddah between October 2014 and May 2016...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723462/-prevention-and-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-after-prostatectomy-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Peng Xu, Yin-Huai Wang
Prostate cancer has the highest incidence among malignant tumors of the urinary system in China. Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the most effective treatment for localized prostate cancer with a good long-term prognosis. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication after RP, which seriously affects the patient's quality of life. With the rising incidence and early diagnosis of prostate cancer, the proportion of young cases of RP is increasing, and so is the importance of the treatment of post-RP ED. The restoration of erectile function after RP is closely related to the timing of penile rehabilitation as well as to pre- and intra-operative measures such as surgical strategies and methods...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723421/oral-rehabilitation-of-the-cancer-patient-a-formidable-challenge
#19
Ivana Petrovic, Evan B Rosen, Evan Matros, Joseph M Huryn, Jatin P Shah
Rehabilitation of oral functions following surgery on the jaws is a goal that is often difficult to achieve. Removable dentures supported by remaining teeth or gum are often unstable and seldom satisfactory. On the other hand, endosseous (dental) implants offer a mechanism to provide stability to the dentures. This review, discusses factors related to the tumor, patient, treatment, and physicians which impact upon the feasibility and success of dental implants in patients with oral cancer.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723325/maintenance-of-the-maxillomandibular-position-with-digital-workflow-in-oral-rehabilitation-a-technical-note
#20
Zhongjie Li, Yingfeng Xia, Kai Chen, Hanchi Zhao, Yang Liu
Prosthodontic oral rehabilitation procedures are time consuming and require efforts to maintain the confirmed maxillomandibular relationship. Several occlusal registrations and impressions are needed, and cross-mounting is performed to transfer the diagnostic wax-up to master working casts. The introduction of a digital workflow protocol reduces steps in the required process, and occlusal registrations with less deformation are used. The outcome is a maintained maxillomandibular position that is accurately and conveniently transferred...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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