Read by QxMD icon Read


Viren Swami, Mona Vintila, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit...
February 20, 2018: Body Image
Helen Murphy, Joanna Strong
A difficult birth experience can have long lasting psychological effects on both mother and baby and this study details 4 in-depth accounts of first time mothers who described their birth experience as traumatizing. Narrative analysis was used to record discrepancies between the ideal and the real and produced narrative accounts that highlighted how these mothers felt invisible and dismissed in a medical culture of engineering obstetrics. Participants also detailed how their birth experience could be improved and this is set in context alongside current recommendations in maternal health care and the complexities of delivering such care in UK health settings...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Michelle E Fox, Tanya F Panwala, Tricia Z King
Objective: Organizational strategies have been shown to improve one's ability to recall items from a list. Specifically, use of semantic clustering, the tendency to group items by category when recalling them, predicts better free recall of word lists after short and long delays. The present study utilized a healthy adult sample to examine use of efficient memory strategies as a predictor of differences in neurocognitive findings between African American and white participants. Method: Participants provided demographic information and completed the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-Second Edition (WASI-2)...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Wojciech Dmuchowski, Dariusz Gozdowski, Aneta H Baczewska-Dąbrowska, Piotr Dąbrowski, Barbara Gworek, Irena Suwara
Changes in environmental pollution by S, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in 2006-2014 were evaluated using a bioindication method. This method was based on measurements of pollutants in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) needles. The measurements were performed in the Chojnowskie Forests, a region recognized as a background area for central Poland. The changes in the contents of sulfur (S) and metals in needles were not comparable with the changes in the global emissions of the pollutants in Poland. On average, the pollution level in the study area decreased by 9...
2018: PloS One
Mette Reilev, Reimar W Thomsen, Rune Aabenhus, Rikke V Sydenham, Jens Georg Hansen, Anton Pottegård
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, the use of amoxicillin is widespread among children, despite phenoxymethylpenicillin being recommended as first-line therapy. The reason for this apparent discrepancy is not fully understood. We aimed at evaluating prescribing patterns of antibiotics among Danish children aged 0-4 years, with emphasis on incidence of treatment episodes, choice of initial antibiotic treatment and switching patterns between different types of antibiotics. METHODS: We identified all children ≤4 years who filled a prescription of antibiotics from 2000-2015 according to the nationwide Danish National Prescription Registry...
February 22, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Leor M Hackel, Jamil Zaki
Reciprocity and reputation are powerful tools for encouraging cooperation on a broad scale. Here, we highlight a potential side effect of these social phenomena: exacerbating economic inequality. In two novel economic games, we manipulated the amount of money with which participants were endowed and then gave them the opportunity to share resources with others. We found that people reciprocated more toward higher-wealth givers, compared with lower-wealth givers, even when those givers were equally generous...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Martine Wallon, François Peyron
Maternal infection by Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may have serious consequences for the fetus, ranging from miscarriage, central nervous system involvement, retinochoroiditis, or subclinical infection at birth with a risk of late onset of ocular diseases. As infection in pregnant women is usually symptomless, the diagnosis relies only on serological tests. Some countries like France and Austria have organized a regular serological testing of pregnant women, some others have no prenatal program of surveillance...
February 23, 2018: Pathogens
Alan Hibbitts, Cian O'Leary
In a recent report, the World Health Organisation (WHO) classified antibiotic resistance as one of the greatest threats to global health, food security, and development. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains at the core of this threat, with persistent and resilient strains detectable in up to 90% of S. aureus infections. Unfortunately, there is a lack of novel antibiotics reaching the clinic to address the significant morbidity and mortality that MRSA is responsible for. Recently, nanomedicine strategies have emerged as a promising therapy to combat the rise of MRSA...
February 23, 2018: Materials
Francisco Solano
The production of pigment in mammalian melanocytes requires the contribution of at least three melanogenic enzymes, tyrosinase and two other accessory enzymes called the tyrosinase-related proteins (Trp1 and Trp2), which regulate the type and amount of melanin. The last two proteins are paralogues to tyrosinase, and they appeared late in evolution by triplication of the tyrosinase gene. Tyrosinase is a copper-enzyme, and Trp2 is a zinc-enzyme. Trp1 has been more elusive, and the direct identification of its metal cofactor has never been achieved...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Alexander Cm Chong, Daniel J Prohaska, Brian P Bye
Introduction: With arthroscopic techniques being used, the importance of knot tying has been examined. Previous literature has examined the use of reversing half-hitches on alternating posts (RHAPs) on knot security. Separately, there has been research regarding different suture materials commonly used in the operating room. The specific aim of this study was to validate the effect of different stacked half-hitch configuration and different braided suture materials on arthroscopic knot integrity...
May 2017: Kansas Journal of Medicine
Monika Morak, Ayseguel Ibisler, Gisela Keller, Ellen Jessen, Andreas Laner, Daniela Gonzales-Fassrainer, Melanie Locher, Trisari Massdorf, Anke M Nissen, Anna Benet-Pagès, Elke Holinski-Feder
BACKGROUND: Germline defects in MLH1 , MSH2 , MSH6 and PMS2 predisposing for Lynch syndrome (LS) are mainly based on sequence changes, whereas a constitutional epimutation of MLH1 (CEM) is exceptionally rare. This abnormal MLH1 promoter methylation is not hereditary when arising de novo, whereas a stably heritable and variant-induced CEM was described for one single allele. We searched for MLH1 promoter variants causing a germline or somatic methylation induction or transcriptional repression...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
D Dechambre, L Z Janvary, N Jansen, P Berkovic, C Mievis, V Baart, S Cucchiaro, A P Coucke, A Gulyban
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation algorithm for lung patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) can be challenging. Prescription in low density media and time-consuming optimization conducted CyberKnife centers to propose an equivalent path length (EPL)-to-MC re-prescription method based on GTV median dose. Unknown at the time of planning, GTV D50% practical application remains difficult. The current study aims at creating a re-prescription predictive model in order to limit conflicting dose value during EPL optimization...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Tatsuya Kamima, Hiromi Baba, Ryo Takahashi, Mikiko Yamashita, Yasuharu Sugawara, Daisuke Kawai, Toshijiro Yamamoto, Aya Satou, Hidenobu Tachibana
PURPOSE: No multi-institutional studies of computer-based independent dose calculation have addressed the discrepancies among radiotherapy treatment planning systems (TPSs) and the verification programs for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). We conducted a multi-institutional study to investigate whether ±5% is a reasonable action level for independent dose calculation for IMRT/VMAT. METHODS: In total, 477 IMRT/VMAT plans for prostate or head and neck (H&N) malignancies were retrospectively analyzed using a modified Clarkson-based commercial verification program...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Ruthanne Marcus, Iryna Pykalo, Lynn Madden, Sergii Filippovich, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
Ongoing drug use during opioid agonist treatment (OAT) negatively affects treatment and health outcomes, and increases treatment dropout. This study aimed to examine correlates of concurrent illicit drug use among OAT patients in Ukraine. A random sample of 434 patients currently on OAT receiving buprenorphine (BMT) or methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) from five cities in Ukraine were assessed for factors associated with self-reported concurrent illicit drug use during OAT using a multivariable logistic regression...
April 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Purushothaman Ganesan, Jason Schmiedge, Vinaya Manchaiah, Simham Swapna, Subhashini Dhandayutham, Purushothaman Pavanjur Kothandaraman
Ototoxicity is the pharmacological adverse reaction affecting the inner ear or auditory nerve, characterized by cochlear or vestibular dysfunction. The panorama of drug-induced hearing loss has widened over last few decades. Although ototoxic medications play an imperative role in modern medicine, they have the capacity to cause harm and lead to significant morbidity. Evidence has shown early detection of toxicity through prospective ototoxicity monitoring allows for consideration of treatment modifications to minimize or prevent permanent hearing loss and balance impairment...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Johanna Schmid, Daniel Brenner, Wolfgang Recheis, Philipp Hofer-Picout, Martin Brenner, Adriano G Crismani
Background and objectives: Indirect bonding (IDB) proved to be an effective method for appropriate bracket positioning in patients. Different methods and materials are available for fabricating transfer trays. This in vitro study was designed to measure and compare the transfer accuracy of two common IDB methods. Materials and methods: Sixty stone models were fabricated and separated in two groups of 30 models each (15 working models, 15 patient models). After placing brackets on the working models, 30 IDB trays were made: 15 silicone (method I) and 15 double-vacuum forms (method II)...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Thomas Schneider, Geoffrey H Smith, Michael R Rossi, Charles E Hill, Linsheng Zhang
Bioinformatic analysis is an integral and critical part of clinical next-generation sequencing. It is especially challenging for some pipelines to consistently identify insertions and deletions. We present the validation of an open source tumor amplicon pipeline (OTA-pipeline) for clinical next-generation sequencing targeting solid tumor-associated variants. Raw data generated from 557 TruSight Tumor 26 samples as well as in silico data were analyzed by the OTA-pipeline and legacy pipeline and compared. Discrepant results were confirmed by orthogonal methods...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
Leslie Ann Parker, Jacqueline Hoffman, Ashley Darcy-Mahoney
BACKGROUND: Although early initiation of human milk (HM) expression after birth is known to increase lactation success in mothers of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, initiation is frequently delayed, potentially decreasing both short- and long-term HM production. Obstetrical (OB) nurses are typically the healthcare provider responsible for facilitating the initial HM expression session. As delays in initiation are common, it is likely that nurses experience obstacles to facilitation of an early initiation of HM expression...
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Pil Lindgreen, Loa Clausen, Kirsten Lomborg
INTRODUCTION: The Recovery Record smartphone app is a self-monitoring tool for individuals recovering from eating disorders. Oppositely to traditional pen-and-paper meal diaries, the app allows for in-app patient-clinician linkage enabling clinicians to access patient app data anytime. The aim of our study was to explore the interdisciplinary clinical perspective on Recovery Record and its impact on treatment. METHOD: Thirty-one clinicians from a Danish eating disorder treatment facility participated in field studies and 23 of these in interviews...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Samantha J Stanley, Margaret Jane Pitts
While cigarette smoking is decreasing among young adults, rates of nicotine consumption through other devices, most notably electronic cigarettes, are on the rise. Framed by communication theory of identity, this study examines young adult smokers' experiences with relational others in regard to their smoking. Focus group discussions and individual interviews convened with 20 young adult cigarette and electronic cigarette smokers revealed identity gaps implicating the relational layer of identity, including personal-relational, enacted-relational, and personal-enacted-relational identity gaps...
February 22, 2018: Health Communication
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"