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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095342/orthognathic-surgery-during-breast-cancer-treatment-a-case-report
#1
Tsuyoshi Shimo, Norie Yoshioka, Masahiro Nakamura, Soichiro Ibaragi, Tatsuo Okui, Yuki Kunisada, Masanori Masui, Mayumi Yao, Koji Kishimoto, Shoko Yoshida, Akiyoshi Nishiyama, Hiroshi Kamioka, Akira Sasaki
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, patients with orthognathic surgery in middle-aged and elderly people have come to be a more frequent occurrence. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in woman worldwide, and its prevalence rate is steadily increasing. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 47-year-old Japanese woman in whom left-side breast cancer (Stage 1) was unexpectedly found just before orthognathic surgery in April 2012. Breast-conserving surgery was performed (estrogen receptor+, progesterone receptor+, HER2 -, surgical margin+, sentinel lymph node +) that May...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076580/-cag-n-polymorphism-of-the-atxn2-gene-a-new-marker-of-susceptibility-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Luis J Flores-Alvarado, Nory O Dávalos-Rodríguez, Diana García-Cruz, Perla M Madrigal-Ruiz, Rosalba Ruiz-Mejía, María E Aguilar-Aldrete, Nemesio Villa-Ruano, Sergio Alberto Ramirez-Garcia
Objective: Estimate whether there is an association between the (CAG)n repeat in the ATXN2 gene in the Mexican population and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: Epidemiological case-control study, including healthy people and diabetics. (CAG)n expansion was detected by end-point polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR outputs were analyzed by electrophoresis (PAGE 8%) and silver nitrate staining. Results: (CAG)n nucleotide allele distribution in the study population was similar to that reported in central Mexico...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068098/coherent-phonon-rabi-oscillations-with-a-high-frequency-carbon-nanotube-phonon-cavity
#3
Dong Zhu, Xin-He Wang, Wei-Cheng Kong, Guang-Wei Deng, Jiang-Tao Wang, Hai-Ou Li, Gang Cao, Ming Xiao, Kai-Li Jiang, Xing-Can Dai, Guang-Can Guo, Franco Nori, Guo-Ping Guo
Phonon-cavity electromechanics allows the manipulation of mechanical oscillations similar to photon-cavity systems. Many advances on this subject have been achieved in various materials. In addition, the coherent phonon transfer (phonon Rabi oscillations) between the phonon cavity mode and another oscillation mode has attracted many interest in nanoscience. Here, we demonstrate coherent phonon transfer in a carbon nanotube phonon-cavity system with two mechanical modes exhibiting strong dynamical coupling. The gate-tunable phonon oscillation modes are manipulated and detected by extending the red-detuned pump idea of photonic cavity electromechanics...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065607/integer-ratio-priors-on-musical-rhythm-revealed-cross-culturally-by-iterated-reproduction
#4
Nori Jacoby, Josh H McDermott
Probability distributions over external states (priors) are essential to the interpretation of sensory signals. Priors for cultural artifacts such as music and language remain largely uncharacterized, but likely constrain cultural transmission, because only those signals with high probability under the prior can be reliably reproduced and communicated. We developed a method to estimate priors for simple rhythms via iterated reproduction of random temporal sequences. Listeners were asked to reproduce random "seed" rhythms; their reproductions were fed back as the stimulus and over time became dominated by internal biases, such that the prior could be estimated by applying the procedure multiple times...
January 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045089/plasmonic-bio-sensing-for-the-fenna-matthews-olson-complex
#5
Guang-Yin Chen, Neill Lambert, Yen-An Shih, Meng-Han Liu, Yueh-Nan Chen, Franco Nori
We study theoretically the bio-sensing capabilities of metal nanowire surface plasmons. As a specific example, we couple the nanowire to specific sites (bacteriochlorophyll) of the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) photosynthetic pigment protein complex. In this hybrid system, we find that when certain sites of the FMO complex are subject to either the suppression of inter-site transitions or are entirely disconnected from the complex, the resulting variations in the excitation transfer rates through the complex can be monitored through the corresponding changes in the scattering spectra of the incident nanowire surface plasmons...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044024/an-auditory-illusion-reveals-the-role-of-streaming-in-the-temporal-misallocation-of-perceptual-objects
#6
Anahita H Mehta, Nori Jacoby, Ifat Yasin, Andrew J Oxenham, Shihab A Shamma
This study investigates the neural correlates and processes underlying the ambiguous percept produced by a stimulus similar to Deutsch's 'octave illusion', in which each ear is presented with a sequence of alternating pure tones of low and high frequencies. The same sequence is presented to each ear, but in opposite phase, such that the left and right ears receive a high-low-high … and a low-high-low … pattern, respectively. Listeners generally report hearing the illusion of an alternating pattern of low and high tones, with all the low tones lateralized to one side and all the high tones lateralized to the other side...
February 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042796/chronic-inflammatory-megaprepuce-due-to-urethrocutaneous-fistula
#7
Hernan Ariel Bianco, Daniel Alberto Kogan, Facundo Castro-Brizuela, Federico Ortiz, Nori Alberto Biso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034966/genetic-predisposition-to-ischemic-stroke-a-polygenic-risk-score
#8
Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Yoichiro Kamatani, Atsushi Takahashi, Jun Hata, Ryohei Furukawa, Yuh Shiwa, Taiki Yamaji, Megumi Hara, Kozo Tanno, Hideki Ohmomo, Kanako Ono, Naoyuki Takashima, Koichi Matsuda, Kenji Wakai, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Tetsuro Ago, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Akimune Fukushima, Atsushi Hozawa, Naoko Minegishi, Mamoru Satoh, Ryujin Endo, Makoto Sasaki, Kiyomi Sakata, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Motoyuki Nakamura, Jiro Hitomi, Yoshikuni Kita, Keitaro Tanaka, Hiroyasu Iso, Takanari Kitazono, Michiaki Kubo, Hideo Tanaka, Shoichiro Tsugane, Yutaka Kiyohara, Masayuki Yamamoto, Kenji Sobue, Atsushi Shimizu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prediction of genetic predispositions to ischemic stroke (IS) may allow the identification of individuals at elevated risk and thereby prevent IS in clinical practice. Previously developed weighted multilocus genetic risk scores showed limited predictive ability for IS. Here, we investigated the predictive ability of a newer method, polygenic risk score (polyGRS), based on the idea that a few strong signals, as well as several weaker signals, can be collectively informative to determine IS risk...
December 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032140/verbal-and-visual-divergent-thinking-in-aging
#9
Massimiliano Palmiero, Raffaella Nori, Laura Piccardi
According to the peak and decline model divergent thinking declines at a specific age (in or after middle age). However, if divergent thinking declines steadily in aging still has to be clarified. In order to explore the age-related changes in verbal and visual divergent thinking, in the present study a sample of 159 participants was divided in five age groups: young adults (18-35 years), middle-aged adults (36-55), young old (56-74), old (75-85) and the oldest-old (86-98). Two divergent thinking tasks were administered: the alternative uses for cardboard boxes, aimed at assessing verbal ideational fluency, flexibility and originality; the completion drawing task, aimed at assessing visual ideational fluency, flexibility and originality...
December 28, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025757/evidence-of-a-prototheca-zopfii-genotype-2-disseminated-infection-in-a-dog-with-cutaneous-lesions
#10
Virginia Carfora, Gloria Noris, Andrea Caprioli, Manuela Iurescia, Fiorentino Stravino, Alessia Franco
Protothecosis is a disease caused by saprophyte aerobic unicellular algae belonging to the genus Prototheca. In dogs, it mainly occurs as a disseminated form, with initial clinical manifestations often referable to the gastrointestinal tract, followed by typical ocular and neurological signs. So far, Prototheca zopfii genotype 2 infection has been reported in severe forms of disseminated protothecosis, while in dogs has never been associated with cutaneous forms. In this study, we describe a case of Prototheca zopfii genotype 2 infection in a dog characterized by nodular and ulcerative dermatitis and with evidence of dissemination...
December 26, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003328/ghrelin-cck-glp-1-and-pyy-3-36-secretory-controls-and-physiological-roles-in-eating-and-glycemia-in-health-obesity-and-after-rygb
#11
REVIEW
Robert E Steinert, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Lori Asarian, Michael Horowitz, Christoph Beglinger, Nori Geary
The efficacy of Roux-en-Y gastric-bypass (RYGB) and other bariatric surgeries in the management of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus and novel developments in gastrointestinal (GI) endocrinology have renewed interest in the roles of GI hormones in the control of eating, meal-related glycemia, and obesity. Here we review the nutrient-sensing mechanisms that control the secretion of four of these hormones, ghrelin, cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and peptide tyrosine tyrosine [PYY(3-36)], and their contributions to the controls of GI motor function, food intake, and meal-related increases in glycemia in healthy-weight and obese persons, as well as in RYGB patients...
January 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993040/vaporization-mechanisms-of-water-insoluble-cs-in-ash-during-thermal-treatment-with-calcium-chloride-addition
#12
Facun Jiao, Norie Iwata, Norikazu Kinoshita, Masato Kawaguchi, Motoyuki Asada, Maki Honda, Keisuke Sueki, Yoshihiko Ninomiya
The vaporization mechanisms of water-insoluble Cs in raw ash and Cs-doped ash during thermal treatment with CaCl2 addition was systematically examined in a lab-scale electrical heating furnace over a temperature range of 500-1500 °C. The results indicate that the water-insoluble Cs in the ash was associated with aluminosilicate as pollucite. Addition of 10% CaCl2 caused the maximum vaporization ratio of Cs in the raw ash to reach approximately 80% at temperatures higher than 1200 °C, whereas approximately 95% of Cs was vaporized at temperatures higher than 1300 °C when 30% CaCl2 was added...
December 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989322/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-and-c3-glomerulopathy-conclusions-from-a-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-kdigo-controversies-conference
#13
Timothy H J Goodship, H Terence Cook, Fadi Fakhouri, Fernando C Fervenza, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, David Kavanagh, Carla M Nester, Marina Noris, Matthew C Pickering, Santiago Rodríguez de Córdoba, Lubka T Roumenina, Sanjeev Sethi, Richard J H Smith
In both atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) complement plays a primary role in disease pathogenesis. Herein we report the outcome of a 2015 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference where key issues in the management of these 2 diseases were considered by a global panel of experts. Areas addressed included renal pathology, clinical phenotype and assessment, genetic drivers of disease, acquired drivers of disease, and treatment strategies. In order to help guide clinicians who are caring for such patients, recommendations for best treatment strategies were discussed at length, providing the evidence base underpinning current treatment options...
December 15, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983615/peripheral-inflammatory-markers-contributing-to-comorbidities-in-autism
#14
Martha Cecilia Inga Jácome, Lilia Maria Morales Chacòn, Hector Vera Cuesta, Carlos Maragoto Rizo, Mabel Whilby Santiesteban, Lesyanis Ramos Hernandez, Elena Noris García, Maria Elena González Fraguela, Caridad Ivette Fernandez Verdecia, Yamilé Vegas Hurtado, Dario Siniscalco, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves, Maria de Los Angeles Robinson-Agramonte
This study evaluates the contribution of peripheral biomarkers to comorbidities and clinical findings in autism. Seventeen autistic children and age-matched typically developing (AMTD), between three to nine years old were evaluated. The diagnostic followed the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition (DMS-IV) and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was applied to classify the severity. Cytokine profile was evaluated in plasma using a sandwich type ELISA. Paraclinical events included electroencephalography (EEG) record...
December 14, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966598/electric-field-induced-interferometric-resonance-of-a-one-dimensional-spin-orbit-coupled-electron
#15
Jingtao Fan, Yuansen Chen, Gang Chen, Liantuan Xiao, Suotang Jia, Franco Nori
The efficient control of electron spins is of crucial importance for spintronics, quantum metrology, and quantum information processing. We theoretically formulate an electric mechanism to probe the electron spin dynamics, by focusing on a one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled nanowire quantum dot. Owing to the existence of spin-orbit coupling and a pulsed electric field, different spin-orbit states are shown to interfere with each other, generating intriguing interference-resonant patterns. We also reveal that an in-plane magnetic field does not affect the interval of any neighboring resonant peaks, but contributes a weak shift of each peak, which is sensitive to the direction of the magnetic field...
December 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957444/a-novel-mutation-in-the-ofd1-gene-in-a-family-with-oral-facial-digital-syndrome-type-1-a-case-report
#16
Masoud Dehghan Tezerjani, Reza Maroofian, Mohammad Yahya Vahidi Mehrjardi, Barry A Chioza, Shiva Zamaninejad, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Mahmoud Nori-Shadkam, Hamidreza Ghadimi, Emma L Baple, Andrew H Crosby, Mohammadreza Dehghani
Oral-facial-digital syndrome as heterogeneous developmental conditions is characterized by abnormalities in the oral cavity, facial features and digits. Furthermore, central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities can also be part of this developmental disorder. At least 13 forms of OFDS based on their pattern of signs and symptoms have been identified so far. Type 1 which is now considered to be a ciliopathy accounts for the majority of cases. It is transmitted in an X-linked dominant pattern and caused by mutations in OFD1 gene, which can result in embryonic male lethality...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928124/the-effect-of-the-consumption-of-egg-on-serum-lipids-and-antioxidant-status-in-healthy-subjects
#17
Yoshimi Kishimoto, Chie Taguchi, Norie Suzuki-Sugihara, Emi Saita, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Kazuo Kondo
The egg is a nutrient-dense food and contains a number of antioxidants. The consumption of eggs has been considered to improve the balance of diets, although its impact on serum cholesterol levels has been a matter of concern in many countries. Here, we conducted a pilot study to investigate whether daily additional consumption of an egg might affect serum lipid profiles and also antioxidant status in healthy subjects. Fourteen male subjects were provided with breakfasts including a boiled egg for 4 wk. At the end of intervention, serum concentrations of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were unchanged, despite the significant increase in the intake of dietary cholesterol...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922544/fetal-environment-and-glycosylation-status-in-neonatal-cord-blood-a-comprehensive-mass-spectrometry-based-glycosylation-analysis
#18
Ryosuke Sato, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Hideo Matsuzaki, Nori Takei, Hiroaki Itoh, Naohiro Kanayama, Takafumi Suda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Tetsu Ohashi, Masakazu Tanaka, Shin-Ichiro Nishimura, Masato Maekawa
Fetal environment is known to be a major predictive factor of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, associations of fetal environment and cord blood glycoforms are uncertain. In this study, we aimed to determine whether glycosylation status in neonatal cord blood is associated with perinatal outcomes reflecting a poor fetal environment.Thirty-six low birth weight (LBW) infants and 120 normal birth weight infants were recruited from a longitudinal birth cohort. We conducted a comprehensive cord blood N-glycan analysis using matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908494/simultaneous-microextraction-of-inorganic-iodine-and-iodinated-amino-acids-by-miniaturized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-with-molecular-sieves-and-ionic-liquids
#19
Jun Cao, Li-Qing Peng, Jing-Jing Xu, Li-Jing Du, Qi-Dong Zhang
This study presents an effective method of using miniaturized matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) for the microextraction of inorganic iodine and iodinated amino acids from seaweed samples. Quantification of the target analytes was performed by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. Molecular sieve (SBA-15) was chosen as the dispersing adsorbent with an ionic liquid (1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide) as the elution solvent. The experimental conditions for the MSPD, such as the type of sorbent, ratio of sorbent to sample, type and concentration of the elution solvent, and grinding time were evaluated and optimized...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901121/experimental-temporal-quantum-steering
#20
Karol Bartkiewicz, Antonín Černoch, Karel Lemr, Adam Miranowicz, Franco Nori
Temporal steering is a form of temporal correlation between the initial and final state of a quantum system. It is a temporal analogue of the famous Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (spatial) steering. We demonstrate, by measuring the photon polarization, that temporal steering allows two parties to verify if they have been interacting with the same particle, even if they have no information about what happened with the particle in between the measurements. This is the first experimental study of temporal steering. We also performed experimental tests, based on the violation of temporal steering inequalities, of the security of two quantum key distribution protocols against individual attacks...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
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