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Hypertension education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#1
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350384/the-importance-of-psychosocial-factors-in-management-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients
#2
Maria A Sobczak-Kaleta, Adam Torbicki, Jarosław D Kasprzak
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is significantly reshaping personal and professional lives of patients due to its chronic nature, varying clinical profile and uncertain perspectives of treatment. PAH is at this time an incurable disease, which requires to consider not only strictly medical dimension, but also the psychosocial aspects of care. This paper discusses therefore the psychological problems most commonly reported by PAH patients. It reviews the instruments used to assess them. We describe the relationships between the quality of life and depressive symptoms and the physical activity of the PAH patients, which have deep treatment-related consequences...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#3
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348378/analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-determinants-in-indonesia-a-study-from-the-indonesian-basic-health-research-2013
#4
Haerawati Idris, Hamzah Hasyim, Feranita Utama
BACKGROUND: diabetes mellitus is a silent-killer. Its prevalence and impact on health expenses increase from year to year. This study aims to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors that affect  diabetes mellitus in Indonesia. METHODS: this is a cross sectional study. Data were obtained from the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2013. The samples were individuals aged ≥15 years, whose fasting blood glucose and 2 hours blood glucose after the imposition have been measured...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345215/relationship-of-weekend-warrior-and-regular-physical-activity-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-associated-diseases-among-chinese-rural-adults
#5
Jing Xiao, Minjie Chu, Huan Shen, Wenlong Ren, Zhou Li, Tianqi Hua, Hong Xu, Yuanyuan Liang, Yuexia Gao, Xun Zhuang
Little is known about the "weekend warrior" pattern of physical activity (PA) where people perform all their PA in 1 or 2 sessions per week. We investigated the relationship of weekend warrior and other PA patterns with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its associated diseases. Data on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were collected from the Nantong Metabolic Syndrome Study that included 13,505 women and 6,997 men between 2007 and 2008. Compared with inactive participants, weekend warriors were at lower risk of MS, diabetes, and hypertension; respective odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for men and women were 0...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344946/preeclampsia-and-scleroderma-a-prospective-nation-wide-analysis
#6
Mads Kamper-Jørgensen, Hilary S Gammill, J Lee Nelson
In a preliminary case-control study, women with scleroderma more frequently reported having had hypertensive complications during pregnancy compared with healthy women. To prospectively investigate this possible association, we conducted a nation-wide cohort analysis of a major hypertensive complication during pregnancy, namely preeclampsia, and later scleroderma. Analyses were based on Danish register-based birth and hospital contact data on preeclampsia and scleroderma. We followed 778,758 women from time of giving birth between 1978 and 2010 to end of follow-up, emigration, death, or scleroderma diagnosis, whichever occurred first...
January 18, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344376/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-s-intervention-in-the-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Stefano Omboni, Marina Caserini
The pharmacist may play a relevant role in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, mainly through patient education and counselling, drug safety management, medication review, monitoring and reconciliation, detection and control of specific cardiovascular risk factors (eg, blood pressure, blood glucose, serum lipids) and clinical outcomes. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled and observational studies have documented an improved control of hypertension, dyslipidaemia or diabetes, smoking cessation and reduced hospitalisation in patients with heart failure, following a pharmacist's intervention...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343463/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340036/the-association-between-elevated-fasting-plasma-glucose-levels-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-diabetic-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yalin Guan, Changshen Yu, Min Shi, Jingxian Ni, Yanan Wu, Hongfei Gu, Lingling Bai, Jie Liu, Jun Tu, Jinghua Wang, Xianjia Ning
We assessed the association between the mean carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in a low-income population in rural China. Adults aged ≥45 years without a history of diabetes, stroke, or cardiovascular disease were recruited. All participants were categorized into four groups according to FPG level. A total of 3509 participants were analyzed in this study. In the univariate analysis, sex, age, education level, hypertension, central obesity, current smoking, alcohol consumption, and higher levels of FPG, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were associated with mean CIMT and frequency of increased CIMT...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339829/associations-of-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-with-pregnancy-complications-in-project-viva
#10
Aarohee P Fulay, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Wei Perng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet has been shown to improve cardiometabolic outcomes in non-pregnant populations. Little is known regarding the impact of this diet on health during pregnancy. The objective of this research is to examine associations of adherence to the DASH diet with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and other pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted analyses with data that came from 1760 women in Project Viva, a Boston-area longitudinal cohort recruited in early pregnancy 1999-2002...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339204/serum-uric-acid-and-prevalence-of-age-related-hearing-loss-in-the-japanese-population-baseline-data-from-the-aidai-cohort-study-in-yawatahama
#11
Daiki Takagi, Shinya Furukawa, Masahiro Okada, Keiko Tanaka, Hidenori Senba, Masato Teraoka, Hiroyuki Yamada, Naohito Hato, Yoshihiro Miyake
AIMS: Metabolic diseases may affect age-related hearing loss (AHL). Only one epidemiological study showed a positive association between serum uric acid levels and AHL. The aim of this study was to estimate this issue in Japanese men and women. METHODS: Study subjects were 694 individuals aged 36-76 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the variables under study. Audiological assessment was performed using pure-tone audiometry...
January 12, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#12
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332108/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-high-blood-pressure-among-obese-children-in-the-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Abdulmoein E Al-Agha, Areej O Mahjoub
To evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on high blood pressure among obese children and adolescents in western region, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 306 (female: 140, male: 166) child, between August 2016 and March 2017. A questioner was filled by health professionals at ambulatory pediatric clinic followed by waist-hip circumference, height, weight, and blood pressure measurement. Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were adjusted to gender, height, and age...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326818/coping-social-support-and-information-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-or-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-2-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Bodil Ivarsson, Göran Rådegran, Roger Hesselstrand, Barbro Kjellström
Objectives: Pulmonary arterial hypertension and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension are severe diseases with complicated treatment that need care at specialist clinics. The aim was to investigate changes in the patients' perceptions on coping, social support and received information when attending a newly started nurse-coordinated pulmonary arterial hypertension-outpatient clinic. Methods: The present study was a descriptive, questionnaire-based cohort study including 42 adult patients...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325776/prevalence-of-prediabetes-and-diabetes-mellitus-among-adults-residing-in-cameroon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jean Joel Bigna, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Jean-Claude Katte, Jean Jacques Noubiap
AIMS: To summarize current data on the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus in Cameroon. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional studies published between January 1, 2000 and April 30, 2017 including apparently healthy adults residing in Cameroon were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, African Journals Online, and African Index Medicus. We used a random-effects model to pool data. RESULTS: All included studies had a low risk of bias...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325307/-the-clinical-characteristics-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-gout-in-china
#16
H Luo, W G Fang, X X Zuo, R Wu, X X Li, J W Chen, J G Zhou, J Yang, H Song, X J Duan, X F Lin, X W Zeng, H Zeng
Objective: To investigate the demographic characteristics, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of patients with gout in China. Methods: Clinical data of 6 814 patients with gout from 100 hospitals in 27 provinces, municipalities or autonomous regions in China were collected and analyzed. Results: (1) The ratio of male to female in patients with gout was 14.7∶1. The mean age of onset was (48.8±15.1) years old. Mean serum urate level was (526.7±132.3) μmol/L. Patients' education background was of U-shaped distribution; (2) Hypertension was the most common comorbidity [15...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325266/-analysis-of-649-cases-of-stillbirth-in-third-trimester
#17
M N Hu, Y Zhang, W Zhao
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of stillbirth in third trimester. Methods: Clinical data of 649 cases of stillbirth in third trimester were analyzed retrospectively in 22 hospitals of Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016, including the incidence, the maternal profile, the perinatal care during pregnancy and the causes of stillbirth. Results: (1) The incidence of stillbirth in third trimester in Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016 was 0.293%(649/221 845). While the incidence in floating pregnant women (0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325073/the-women-s-health-diagnostic-gap
#18
Ann M Gronowski, Melanie L Yarbrough
Pregnancy remains a significant health risk to women in both developed and underdeveloped countries. Worldwide, 10 to 20 million women have pregnancy complications including ectopic pregnancy, preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, and hypertensive states, including preeclampsia. Despite advancements in women's health research, there is a large gap in the diagnostic tools available to screen, diagnose, and monitor these conditions. Herein, we examine existing diagnostic tools, such as the human chorionic gonadotropin discriminatory zone, cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin, sFlt-1:PlGF ratio, and glucose tolerance testing...
February 1, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324821/slightly-increased-bmi-at-young-age-is-a-risk-factor-for-future-hypertension-in-japanese-men
#19
Yuki Someya, Yoshifumi Tamura, Yoshimitsu Kohmura, Kazuhiro Aoki, Sachio Kawai, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is developed easily in Asian adults with normal body mass index (BMI) (~23 kg/m2), compared with other ethnicities with similar BMI. This study tested the hypothesis that slightly increased BMI at young age is a risk factor for future hypertension in Japanese men by historical cohort study. METHODS: The study participants were 636 male alumni of the physical education school. They had available data on their physical examination at college age and follow-up investigation between 2007 and 2011...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323557/neuropsychological-assessment-of-412-hiv-infected-individuals-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#20
Maria Rita Polo Gascón, José Ernesto Vidal, Yolanda Marques Mazzaro, Jerusa Smid, Rosa Maria Nascimento Marcusso, Claudio Garcia Capitão, Elizeu Macedo Coutinho, Glaucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Mara Cristina Souza De Lucia, Augusto César Penalva de Oliveira
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain frequent even among individuals receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). In addition, HAND may adversely affect the quality of life and adherence to cART. There is scarce epidemiological information about HAND in Latin America. This cross-sectional study recruited HIV-infected patients from a tertiary teaching institution in São Paulo, Brazil, between May 2013 and February 2015. The patients were adults with at least 4 years of education and patients with current neurological or psychiatric diseases were excluded...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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