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Hypertension education

André O Werneck, Edilson S Cyrino, Paul J Collings, Enio R V Ronque, Célia L Szwarcwald, Luís B Sardinha, Danilo R Silva
BACKGROUND: This study describes the levels and patterns of television (TV) viewing in Brazilian adults and investigates associations of TV viewing with hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease. METHODS: Data from the Brazilian Health Survey, a nationally representative survey that was conducted in 2013 (N = 60,202 men and women aged ≥18 y), were used. Information regarding TV viewing, physician diagnoses of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease was collected via interview-administered questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Diego Z Carvalho, Erik K St Louis, David S Knopman, Bradley F Boeve, Val J Lowe, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, Scott A Przybelski, Mary M Machulda, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack, Prashanthi Vemuri
Importance: Aging is associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which has been linked to cognitive decline in the elderly. However, whether EDS is associated with the pathologic processes of Alzheimer disease remains unclear. Objective: To investigate whether EDS at baseline is associated with a longitudinal increase in regional β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation in a cohort of elderly individuals without dementia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective analysis included participants enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, a longitudinal population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
Edlira Lashi, Fatos Lashi, Klotilda Muca, Bora Ballta, Suzana Kazazi
AIM: Identification of glycemic level tendency rates in a hypertonic population that suffers from diabetes mellitus in Health Centre Nr. 1, Tirana, evaluation of self-monitoring and the effects of interactions, with the aim of reducing the levels of fast glycaemia in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study participated 810 patients of Health Centre Nr 1 in Tirana that suffer from hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. The study was conducted through 10 months' period...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Samantha Sabo, Catalina Denman Champion, Melanie L Bell, Elsa Cornejo Vucovich, Maia Ingram, Celina Valenica, Maria Del Carmen Castro Vasquez, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Jill Geurnsey de Zapien, Cecilia B Rosales
INTRODUCTION: Northern Mexico has among the highest rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes in the world. This research addresses core gaps in implementation science to develop, test and scale-up CVD risk-reduction interventions in diabetics through a national primary care health system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Meta Salud Diabetes (MSD) research project is a parallel two-arm cluster-randomised clinical behavioural trial based in 22 (n=22) health centres in Sonora, Mexico...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Nan Guo, Thalia Robakis, Claire Miller, Alexander Butwick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, use of antidepressants, and predictors of major and minor depression among nonpregnant women of childbearing age. METHODS: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2007-2014, we performed a cross-sectional study of 3,705 nonpregnant women of childbearing age. The primary outcome is the prevalence of major depression, and secondary outcomes are the prevalence of minor depression, rates of antidepressant use, and predictors of major and minor depression...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jocelyn Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Caroline Huxley, Katherine Dodd, Frances Griffiths
Background: Routine monitoring by patients and healthcare providers to manage chronic disease is vital, though this can be challenging in low-resourced health systems. Mobile health (mHealth) has been proposed as one way to improve management of chronic diseases. Past mHealth reviews have proposed the need for a greater understanding around how the theoretical constructs in mHealth interventions actually work. In response, we synthesised evidence from primary studies on monitoring of chronic diseases using two-way digital text or voice communication between a patient and health worker...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Kristen Nicole DiFilippo, Wen-Hao David Huang, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To identify the availability and quality of apps supporting Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) education. METHODS: The researchers identified DASH apps over 1 month in the Apple App Store. Five registered dietitians used the App Quality Evaluation (AQEL) to evaluate app quality on 7 domains. Interrater reliability was tested using intraclass correlations. RESULTS: One paid and 3 free DASH apps were evaluated. Interrater reliability (n = 5) was good for 3 apps and fair for 1 app...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Yanglu Li, Xiangyan Ruan, Husheng Wang, Xue Li, Guiju Cai, Juan Du, Lijuan Wang, Yue Zhao, Alfred O Mueck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in healthy Chinese women and to investigate whether these outcomes could be decreased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by ethinylestradiol/cyproterone acetate (EE/CPA) pretreatment. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university. PATIENT(S): Six thousand healthy women (group A) were selected from 24,566 pregnant women by randomized sampling...
March 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) can cause fat or bile acid malabsorption due to exocrine insufficiency. Fat or bile acid malabsorption has been reported to increase the risk of urolithiasis through increased intestinal oxalate absorption. However, no studies have reported an association between CP and urolithiasis. METHODS: We identified 15,848 patients (age: ≥20 years) diagnosed as having CP between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database as the study cohort...
2018: PloS One
Hye-Sun Shin
BACKGROUND: No studies have reported the association between the number of teeth and hypertensions in the Korean national data. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the number of teeth is associated with blood pressure and hypertension in a representative sample of the Korean population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 13,561 participants ≥ 19 years of age using the 2012-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Haruo Hanyu
There is a wide range of potentially modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer's disease and dementia, including cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, sleep-apnea syndrome), psychosocial factors (e.g., depression), health behaviors (e.g., low level of physical or mental activity, smoking status), and head trauma. In the elderly, weight loss associated with frailty and sarcopenia is another risk factor for dementia. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of dementia has declined in the US and European countries during the last 20 years...
March 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Chaoying Chen, Zhanpeng Yuan
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is frequently studied in surveys; however, prehypertension, a new blood pressure status between normotension and hypertension, is rarely reported. METHODS: All data were derived from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) and were analysed by logistic regression for correlation. RESULTS: The prehypertension prevalence was 27.4%, with a hypertension rate of 36.9%. The awareness, treatment, and uncontrolled rates among all hypertension participates were 19...
March 7, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Alex Tsui, Diana Kuh, Linda Cardozo, Daniel Davis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) at age 68 years and the contribution of vascular risk factors to male and female UUI pathogenesis in addition to the associations with raised body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, 1 762 participants from the Medical Research Council (MRC) National Survey for Health and Development birth cohort who answered the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire short form (ICIQ-SF), at age 68 years, were included...
March 7, 2018: BJU International
Marsha Burks, Simone Stickel, Nazzareno Galiè
Combination therapy is now regarded as the standard of care in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and is becoming widely used in clinical practice. Given the inherent complexities of combining medications, there is a need for practical advice on implementing this treatment strategy in the clinic. Drawing on our experience and expertise, within this review, we discuss some of the challenges associated with administration of combination therapy in PAH and how these can be addressed in the clinic. Despite their differing modes of action, all of the currently available classes of PAH therapy induce systemic vasodilation...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Jose-Alberto Palma, Horacio Kaufmann
Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system afflicts most patients with Parkinson disease and other synucleinopathies such as dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure, reducing quality of life and increasing mortality. For example, gastrointestinal dysfunction can lead to impaired drug pharmacodynamics causing a worsening in motor symptoms, and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension can cause syncope, falls, and fractures. When recognized, autonomic problems can be treated, sometimes successfully...
March 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Irina V Chadaeva, Petr M Ponomarenko, Dmitry A Rasskazov, Ekaterina B Sharypova, Elena V Kashina, Dmitry A Zhechev, Irina A Drachkova, Olga V Arkova, Ludmila K Savinkova, Mikhail P Ponomarenko, Nikolay A Kolchanov, Ludmila V Osadchuk, Alexandr V Osadchuk
BACKGROUND: The progress of medicine, science, technology, education, and culture improves, year by year, quality of life and life expectancy of the populace. The modern human has a chance to further improve the quality and duration of his/her life and the lives of his/her loved ones by bringing their lifestyle in line with their sequenced individual genomes. With this in mind, one of genome-based developments at the junction of personalized medicine and bioinformatics will be considered in this work, where we used two Web services: (i) SNP_TATA_Comparator to search for alleles with a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that alters the affinity of TATA-binding protein (TBP) for the TATA boxes of human gene promoters and (ii) PubMed to look for retrospective clinical reviews on changes in physiological indicators of reproductive potential in carriers of these alleles...
February 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
Bonhee Chung, Dohyeong Kim, Eun Woo Nam
Objectives: The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) established 4 health centers to provide hypertension screening and a health support program in a deprived urban area of Lima, Peru. This case report provides a mid-term evaluation of the KOICA's hypertension prevention and control programs. Methods: A follow up study was performed on 663 residents who were diagnosed with prehypertension or hypertension (Stage 1 and 2) in the 4 KOICA health centers. Patients participated in programs designed to prevent and control hypertension through education sessions over the course of 6 months...
January 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Masayoshi Tsuji, Hisatomi Arima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Koshi Nakamura, Toshiro Takezaki, Kiyomi Sakata, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors remains unknown in a general Japanese population. METHODS: Of 8,815 participants from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan, 2,467 participants who were free of cardiovascular disease and who provided information on SES in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan 2010 were enrolled in this cross-sectional analysis. SES was classified according to the employment status, length of education, marital and living statuses, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE)...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Sayuri Goryoda, Nobuo Nishi, Atsushi Hozawa, Katsushi Yoshita, Yusuke Arai, Keiko Kondo, Naoko Miyagawa, Takehito Hayakawa, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Nagako Okuda, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The relationships among socioeconomic status and lifestyle improvements have not yet been examined in a representative Japanese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2,647 participants (1,087 men and 1,560 women) who participated in NIPPON DATA2010. This survey inquired about lifestyle improvements and socioeconomic status. Education was categorized as low (≤9 years), middle (10-12 years), and high (≥13 years). Marital status was categorized as married, divorced, widowed, and never married/other...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Lori A Spies, Jennifer Gray, Jakki G Opollo, Scovia Mbalinda, Rose Nabirye, Cliff Aliga Asher
AIMS: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' knowledge, skills, and confidence related to hypertension and to assess the impact of a hypertension education initiative based in transformational leadership. METHODS: The exploratory study was conducted using a pre and posttest model of 18 Ugandan nurses during June of 2016 to assess knowledge and attitude about hypertension. Biometric screening of study participants was completed. Follow up information was collected from participants via email...
February 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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