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Hypertension education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785092/patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-an-urban-tertiary-referral-academic-glaucoma-clinic-in-the-us
#1
Kristen M Peterson, Carrie E Huisingh, Christopher Girkin, Cynthia Owsley, Lindsay A Rhodes
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with glaucoma patients' satisfaction with their medical care by fellowship-trained glaucoma specialists in an urban tertiary referral clinic in the US. Methods: A total of 110 established patients aged ≥60 years with a diagnosis of either primary open angle glaucoma, glaucoma suspect, or ocular hypertension monitored by an ophthalmologist with fellowship training in glaucoma were enrolled at an academic, urban, tertiary referral eye clinic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785046/relation-between-hypertension-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-meta-analysisof-cross-section-studies
#2
Xiao-Yan Wang, Wei Huang, Yong Zhang
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a wide spread and troublesome problem in aging men. Many analyses of hypertensive patients suggest that the prevalence of ED in hypertensive populations is even higher. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relation between hypertension and ED. A literature review was performed to identify all cross-section studies about hypertension and erectile dysfunction. Sources included MEDLINE and EMBASE from 1966 to 2015. The reference lists of the retrieved studies were also investigated, and a meta-analysis were conducted...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781697/the-roles-training-and-knowledge-of-community-health-workers-about-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-khayelitsha-cape-town
#3
Lungiswa P Tsolekile, Helen Schneider, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND:  The current roles and capacity of community health workers (CHWs) in the management and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES:  To assess CHWs' current roles, training and knowledge about diabetes and hypertension in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. METHODS:  A cross-sectional study of 150 CHWs from two non-governmental organisations contracted to provide NCD care as part of a comprehensive package of services was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781683/tuberculosis-non-communicable-disease-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-in-public-primary-care-patients-in-south-africa
#4
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781417/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-marital-status-and-hypertension-in-ghana
#5
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Harold Ayetey
SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored the relationship between marital status and hypertension among women and men in Ghana...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780639/factors-predicting-self-care-behaviors-among-low-health-literacy-hypertensive-patients-based-on-health-belief-model-in-bushehr-district-south-of-iran
#6
Azam Larki, Rahim Tahmasebi, Mahnoush Reisi
The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing adherence to self-care behaviors among low health literacy hypertensive patients based on health belief model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 hypertensive patients with low health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy were identified by S-TOFHLA. The data were collected using H-scale for assessing self-care behaviors and, HK-LS for assessing knowledge of hypertension. A researcher-made questionnaire was applied for collecting data of health belief model constructs...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777244/evaluation-of-community-based-hypertension-control-programme-in-south-korea
#7
Sun Mi Lim, Yoon Hyung Park, Won Gi Jhang, Young Taek Kim, Eun Mi Ahn, Ga Hyun Kim, Young Hwangbo
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to provide an overview of the community-based hypertension and diabetes control programme of 19 cities in Korea and to evaluate its effectiveness in controlling hypertension at the community level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this longitudinal observational study, we analysed the data of 117,264 hypertensive patients aged ≥65 years old from the time of their first enrolment in July 2012 to October 2013 (up to their 2-year follow-up)...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772872/spatial-analysis-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-search
#8
Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepúlveda, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death and disability in de world, and the detection of populations at risk as well as localization of vulnerable areas is essential for adequate epidemiological management. Techniques developed for spatial analysis, among them geographical information systems and spatial statistics, such as cluster detection and spatial correlation, are useful for the study of the distribution of the CVDs. These techniques, enabling recognition of events at different geographical levels of study (e...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767806/telephone-support-and-telemonitoring-for-low-income-older-adults
#9
Suyong Jeong, Hanna Choi, Seok Hyun Gwon, Jeongeun Kim
The objective of the current pilot study was to determine whether nurse-led telephone counseling improves health behavior, self-care, and physiological indices for low-income older adults using a telemonitoring system. The control group (n = 15) was provided with weekly health education only, and the intervention group (n = 20) was given additional telephone support by nurses. At baseline and 8 weeks, data on health and self-care behaviors were collected using a self-reported questionnaire, and blood pressure and fasting blood glucose levels were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765571/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-knowledge-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-isfahan-province-iran
#10
Fateme Chajaee, Asiyeh Pirzadeh, Akbar Hasanzadeh, Firoozeh Mostafavi
Background: Hypertension is usually symptomless, and is not seriously attended until it causes some chronic complications. Individuals' skills in understanding and applying information about health subjects may have a substantial impact on patients' behavior and health. Objective: to determine the relationship between health literacy and knowledge among patients with hypertension in Isfahan province, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 700 patients with hypertension selected according to multistage random and quota types in Isfahan province (Iran)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#11
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761569/cognitive-and-functional-progression-in-alzheimer-disease-a-prediction-model-of-latent-classes
#12
Miriam L Haaksma, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, René J F Melis, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to replicate a previously published prediction model for progression, developed in the Cache County Dementia Progression Study, using a clinical cohort from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center. METHODS: We included 1120 incident Alzheimer disease (AD) cases with at least one assessment after diagnosis, originating from 31 AD centres from the United States. Trajectories of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Clinical Dementia Rating sum of boxes (CDR-sb) were modelled jointly over time using parallel-process growth mixture models in order to identify latent classes of trajectories...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761167/phenotypic-spectrum-and-diagnostic-pitfalls-of-abcb4-deficiency-depending-on-age-of-onset
#13
Stephanie Barbara Schatz, Christoph Jüngst, Verena Keitel-Anselmo, Ralf Kubitz, Christina Becker, Patrick Gerner, Eva-Doreen Pfister, Imeke Goldschmidt, Norman Junge, Daniel Wenning, Stephan Gehring, Stefan Arens, Dirk Bretschneider, Dirk Grothues, Guido Engelmann, Frank Lammert, Ulrich Baumann
Genetic variants in the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily B member 4 ( ABCB4 ) gene, which encodes hepatocanalicular phosphatidylcholine floppase, can lead to different phenotypes, such as progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) type 3, low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis, and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. The aim of this multicenter project was to collect information on onset and progression of this entity in different age groups and to assess the relevance of this disease for the differential diagnosis of chronic liver disease...
May 2018: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761134/mild-cognitive-impairment-in-republic-of-georgia
#14
Marina Janelidze, Nina Mikeladze, Nazibrola Bochorishvili, Ann Dzagnidze, Mariam Kapianidze, Nino Mikava, Irene Khatiashvili, Ekaterina Mirvelashvili, Nino Shiukashvili, John Lynch, Zurab Nadareishvili
Objective: The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Georgia. Method: A population-based study was conducted using Georgian version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and its cognitive domain index score. Results: Of the initial cohort of 1,000 subjects, 851 met inclusion criteria. The prevalence of MCI was 13.3%, and it was associated with age >65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 4.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [3.00, 6.75]), urban residence (OR = 0...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757315/a-multi-center-prospective-cohort-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-differential-pricing-and-health-systems-strengthening-on-access-to-medicines-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-ghana-a-study-protocol
#15
Linda Meta Mobula, Stephen Sarfo, Lynda Arthur, Gilbert Burnham, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Daniel Ansong, Edith Gavor, David Ofori-Adjei
Background: There is evidence to suggest that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in particular cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, are being recognized as forming a substantial proportion of the burden of disease among populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs).  Access to treatment is likely a key barrier to the control and prevention of NCD outcomes.  Differential pricing, an approach used to price drugs based on the purchasing power of patients in different socioeconomic segments, has been shown to be beneficial and leads to improved access and affordability...
February 7, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#16
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754649/telemedicine-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-veterans-the-cities-trial
#17
Hayden B Bosworth, Maren K Olsen, Felicia McCant, Karen M Stechuchak, Susanne Danus, Matthew J Crowley, Karen M Goldstein, Leah L Zullig, Eugene Z Oddone
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive programs addressing tailored patient self-management and pharmacotherapy may reduce barriers to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. METHODS: This is a 2-arm (clinical pharmacist specialist-delivered, telehealth intervention and education control) randomized controlled trial including Veterans with poorly controlled hypertension and/or hypercholesterolemia. Primary outcome was Framingham CVD risk score at 6 and 12 months, with systolic blood pressure; diastolic blood pressure; total cholesterol; low-density lipoprotein; high-density lipoprotein; body mass index; and, for those with diabetes, HbA1c as secondary outcomes...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750054/how-do-patients-with-diabetes-report-their-comorbidities-comparison-with-administrative-data
#18
Jonas Hoffmann, Burkhard Haastert, Manuela Brüne, Matthias Kaltheuner, Alexander Begun, Nadja Chernyak, Andrea Icks
Aims: Patients with diabetes are probably often unaware of their comorbidities. We estimated agreement between self-reported comorbidities and administrative data. Methods: In a random sample of 464 diabetes patients, data from a questionnaire asking about the presence of 14 comorbidities closely related to diabetes were individually linked with statutory health insurance data. Results: Specificities were >97%, except cardiac insufficiency (94...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#19
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739105/blood-donation-are-we-willing-a-cross-sectional-study-among-dental-students
#20
Dolar Doshi, P Karunakar, D Satyanarayana, B Srikanth Reddy
BACKGROUND: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards blood donation among a cohort of dental students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included all the undergraduate and post-graduate dental students of Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital. A self-administered questionnaire comprised of four parts. The first part gathered socio-demographic data. The subsequent parts consisted of 11-knowledge questions (K1-11), 11attitude questions (A1-11), and the fourth part evaluated the practice of blood donation (P1-11)...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
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