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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921922/assessing-healthcare-professional-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-hypertension-management-announcing-a-new-world-hypertension-league-resource
#1
Norm R C Campbell, Naranjargal Dashdorj, Uurtsaikh Baatarsuren, Maral Myanganbayar, Myagmartseren Dashtseren, Tsolmon Unurjargal, Xin-Hua Zhang, Eugenia Velludo Veiga, Hind Mamoun Beheiry, Sailesh Mohan, Bader Almustafa, Mark Niebylski, Daniel Lackland
To assist hypertension control programs and specifically the development of training and education programs on hypertension for healthcare professionals, the World Hypertension League has developed a resource to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices on hypertension management. The resource assesses: (1) the importance of hypertension as a clinical and public health risk; (2) education in national or international hypertension recommendations; (3) lifestyle causes of hypertension; (4) measurement of blood pressure, screening, and diagnosis of hypertension; (5) lifestyle therapy counseling; (6) cardiovascular risk assessment; (7) antihypertensive drug therapy; and (8) adherence to therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919605/current-trend-of-using-anti-hypertensives-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-in-a-tertiary-level-hospital
#2
M Sultana, S K Saha, A K Sarker, S Khatun, M M Sarker, T Sultana, F Noor, M M Faysal
Hypertensive disorders are one of the most common disorders in pregnancy. They are amongst the major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Incidence is increasing in developing countries like Bangladesh. This cross sectional descriptive study has done to observe the utilization of antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and conducted from January 2016 to December 2016 in the department of Pharmacology in collaboration with department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915687/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#3
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915227/dietary-sodium-intake-among-us-adults-with-hypertension-1999-2012
#4
Elena V Dolmatova, Kasra Moazzami, Sameer Bansilal
OBJECTIVE: Excess sodium consumption has strong links with hypertension and cardiovascular disease with Food and Drug Association calling to limit sodium intake. However, little is known regarding the trends of sodium intake among hypertensive patients in the United States. METHODS: Data from The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2012) were used to identify adults older than 20 years with self-reported hypertension. Sodium intake was measured through 24-h dietary recall...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910752/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-elderly-mexicans
#5
María Araceli Ortiz-Rodríguez, Lucía Yáñez-Velasco, Alessandra Carnevale, Sandra Romero-Hidalgo, Demetrio Bernal, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Rosalba Rojas, Antonio Villa, Josep A Tur
BACKGROUND: One of the most prevalent chronic diseases among elderly population is the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS and associated factors among Mexican elderly people. SUBJECTS: Cross-sectional survey carried out in Mexico (2007). A random sample (n=516) of the elderly population (≥65years; 277 female, 239 male) was interviewed. Anthropometric and analytical measurements, and a general questionnaire incorporating questions related to socio-demographic and life-style factors were used...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#6
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904744/clinical-and-surgical-characteristics-of-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-mexico
#7
Estrella Cervantes-García, Paz María Salazar-Schettino
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and surgical characteristics of diabetic foot ulcers in a tertiary level hospital in Mexico. Methods: We performed a longitudinal, descriptive study from July, 2012 to August, 2015 on a sample composed of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and infected diabetic foot ulcers. We analyzed socio-demographic variables, comorbidities, characteristics of ulcers, and the applied treatment. Results: We found that the most affected areas were the forefoot (48%) and the plantar region (55%) of the foot...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901337/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-markers-of-nafld-in-a-general-dutch-adult-population
#8
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900674/who-is-willing-to-participate-in-low-risk-pragmatic-clinical-trials-without-consent
#9
Rafael Dal-Ré, Antonio J Carcas, Xavier Carné
PURPOSE: General notification offers a possible alternative to written informed consent for pragmatic randomized controlled trials (pRCTs). It involves patients being informed through brochures, posters, and letters that research is being conducted simultaneously to providing clinical care and that patients will be enrolled in pRCTs without study-specific consent. A previous survey found that a substantial minority of respondents endorsed general notification. We aimed to know who is willing to enroll in this type of trials using general notification rather than written consent...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900587/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-amongst-hypertensive-individuals-in-karachi-pakistan
#11
Samar Mahmood, Syeda Z Hassan, Muqadus Tabraze, Mohammad O Khan, Iqra Javed, Ameer Ahmed, Omer M Siddiqui, Mehek Narmeen, Maham J Ahmed, Afreen Tariq, Mustafa S Patel, Kaneez Fatima
OBJECTIVE: While studies evaluating the prevalence of depression and hypertension have been extensively carried out in high income countries, there is a paucity of information assessing the prevalence of depression within hypertensive patients in low income nations. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of undiagnosed depression in hypertensive patients within a tertiary care facility in Karachi, Pakistan. The secondary objective was to assess factors associated with undiagnosed depression in this group...
June 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894787/prevalence-of-anemia-overweight-obesity-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-and-diabetes-among-residents-of-selected-communities-in-ghana
#12
Alex Kojo Anderson
The increasing numbers of lifestyle related chronic diseases in developing countries call for awareness, early detection, and effective management. The objective of this paper is to report the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, overweight/obesity, and anemia among residents of selected communities in Ghana. The data comes from a community screening conducted in Ghana as part of the University of Georgia Summer Service Learning Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data while chi-square and independent t-test compared groups...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894514/prevalence-and-correlates-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-southern-iran-pars-cohort-study
#13
Zohre Khodamoradi, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Salehi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Arash Etemadi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of GERD in Pars Cohort Study (PCS) and to find its correlates. METHODS We used the baseline data from PCS. PCS was conducted in the district of Valashahr in Fars province in southern Iran from 2012 to 2014. 9264 inhabitants who were 40-75 years old, and agreed to participate were enrolled. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire and simple physical examination of all participants...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892938/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-rural-area-of-villupuram-district-of-tamil-nadu-india
#14
Balasubramanian Nadarajan, Ganesh Kumar Saya, Ramesh Babu Krishna, Subitha Lakshminarayanan
INTRODUCTION: There is limited information on prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) among diabetic subjects and its associated factors in a rural setting in developing countries including India. The information will be useful for initiating early screening strategies for this group in the community. AIM: To assess the prevalence and certain associated factors of DR among diabetic subjects in a rural area of Tamil Nadu, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 105 Type 2 diabetic subjects in Pakkam and Mandagapattu sub-center area of Kondur Primary Health Center in Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890945/teach-kitchen-a-chronological-review-of-accomplishments
#15
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890128/characteristics-and-health-care-preferences-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-women-veterans
#16
Karen M Goldstein, Eugene Z Oddone, Lori A Bastian, Maren K Olsen, Bryan C Batch, Donna L Washington
BACKGROUND: Women veterans are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about comorbidities and healthcare preferences associated with CVD risk in this population. METHODS: We describe the prevalence of CVD-relevant health behaviors, mental health symptoms, and health care use characteristics and preferences among participants of the National Survey of Women Veterans (conducted 2008-2009). FINDINGS: Fifty-four percent of respondents were at risk for CVD (defined as a diagnosis of hypertension, diabetes, current tobacco use, or obesity without CVD)...
September 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889780/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-associated-factors-in-subjects-with-normal-otoscopy-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#17
Hong Ju Park, Myung Hoon Yoo, Sook-Young Woo, Seon Woo Kim, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) and associated factors in a nationwide study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. STUDY SAMPLE: We investigated the prevalence of HL in 10,845 participants ≥12 years of age and analysed the associated factors with HL from 7434 participants ≥40 years of age. RESULTS: The prevalence of worse ear HL was 21.9% (1.2% in youngest and 81.9% in oldest) and that of better ear was 12...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886034/determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-among-women-in-public-hospital-maternity-wards-in-northern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-case-control-study
#18
Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883843/plasma-soluble-cd36-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Xiaozhen Jiang, Xiaohui Zhao, Ruihua Chen, Quan Jiang, Bin Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and atherosclerosis are both risk factors of cognitive deficits. Scavenger receptor CD36 is associated with increasing risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis, and may play a role in cognitive deficits. The aim of this study is to determine the correlations of plasma soluble CD36 concentrations with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and cognitive function in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We determined the levels of soluble CD36 (sCD36), blood lipids, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, carotid atherosclerosis as IMT, cognitive function by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scoring system, and other clinical characteristics in 357 patients with type 2 diabetes...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883779/users-knowledge-about-adverse-effects-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-tirana-albania
#20
Dajana Roshi, Ervin Toçi, Genc Burazeri, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Ledjan Malaj, Helmut Brand
AIM: To assess the level of knowledge of the adult users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) regarding their side effects and the socio-demographic factors associated with the use of these drugs in the adult population of Albania. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including a representative sample of 199 individuals aged ≥18 years (77% women; overall mean age: 30.3±10.0 years; overall response rate: 90%) who were users of NSAIDs recruited in ten different pharmacies in Tirana municipality during April-May 2015...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
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