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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755218/effects-of-yoga-training-on-body-composition-and-oxidant-antioxidant-status-among-healthy-male
#1
Indranil Manna
Background: The stressful condition may cause oxidative stress, which is responsible for various diseases. Aims: The present study was designed to find out whether yoga has impact on the reduction of oxidative stress. Methods: For the present study, 95 ( n = 95) healthy male volunteers within the age group of 18-24 years were included, 35 ( n = 35) volunteers were excluded. The remaining 60 ( n = 60) volunteers were randomly divided into two groups: (a) Yoga Group ( n = 30) and (b) Control Group ( n = 30)...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748195/does-high-intensity-endurance-training-increase-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-longitudinal-study-of-left-atrial-structure-and-function
#2
Mildred A Opondo, Norman Aiad, Matthew A Cain, Satyam Sarma, Erin Howden, Douglas A Stoller, Jason Ng, Pieter van Rijckevorsel, Michinari Hieda, Takashi Tarumi, M Dean Palmer, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Exercise mitigates many cardiovascular risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation. Endurance training has been associated with atrial structural changes which can increase the risk for atrial fibrillation. The dose of exercise training required for these changes is uncertain. We sought to evaluate the impact of exercise on left atrial (LA) mechanical and electrical function in healthy, sedentary, middle-aged adults. METHODS: Sixty-one adults (52±5 years) were randomized to either 10 months of high-intensity exercise training or yoga...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718133/patterns-and-perceived-benefits-of-utilizing-seven-major-complementary-health-approaches-in-u-s-older-adults
#3
Taeho Greg Rhee, Richard A Marottoli, Peter H Van Ness, Mary E Tinetti
Objectives: To examine patterns and perceived benefits of seven major complementary health approaches (CHA) among older adults in the U.S. Methods: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), which represents non-institutionalized adults ages 65 or older (n=7,116 unweighted), were used. We elicited seven most common CHA used in older adults, which are: acupuncture, herbal therapies, chiropractic, massage, meditation, Tai Chi, and yoga. Survey participants were asked to self-report perceived benefits (e...
April 28, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695937/effect-of-mindfulness-and-yoga-on-quality-of-life-for-elementary-school-students-and-teachers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-study
#4
Alessandra N Bazzano, Christopher E Anderson, Chelsea Hylton, Jeanette Gustat
Objective: To assess the impact of a yoga curriculum in an elementary school on student quality of life, and to assess teacher and staff perception of potential barriers to, and benefits of, introducing yoga and mindfulness into the classroom. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was utilized to assess the impact of a brief intervention on third-grade students who screened positive for symptoms of anxiety. Students were randomized to an intervention group of 20 students receiving small-group yoga/mindfulness activities for 8 weeks between October 2016 and February 2017, and a control group of 32 students receiving care as usual...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643935/changes-in-fatigue-autonomic-functions-and-blood-biomarkers-due-to-sitting-isometric-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
Takakazu Oka, Tokusei Tanahashi, Nobuyuki Sudo, Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren, Yu Yamada
Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial, we found that sitting isometric yoga improves fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who are resistant to conventional therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms behind this finding, focusing on the short-term fatigue-relieving effect, by comparing autonomic nervous function and blood biomarkers before and after a session of isometric yoga. Methods: Fifteen patients with CFS who remained symptomatic despite at least 6 months of conventional therapy practiced sitting isometric yoga (biweekly 20 min practice with a yoga instructor and daily home practice) for eight weeks...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628722/yoga-as-a-therapeutic-intervention-in-the-management-of-dysfunctional-uterine-bleeding-a-controlled-pilot-study
#6
Snehal Pankaj Nalgirkar, Suhas Ashok Vinchurkar, Apar Avinash Saoji, Sriloy Mohanty
Background: Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is one of the most common gynecological disorders encountered in women during the reproductive age. Yoga therapy has shown promising benefits in several gynecological disorders. Methods: Thirty women between the ages of 20 and 40 years with primary DUB were randomly assigned to a yoga ( n = 15) and a waitlist control group ( n = 15). Participants in the yoga group received a 3-month yoga module and were assessed for hemoglobin values, endometrial thickness (ET), pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, perceived stress scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before and after a 3-month follow-up period...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#7
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619394/psychophysiological-effects-of-yoga-on-stress-in-college-students
#8
REVIEW
Mahesh Narain Tripathi, Sony Kumari, Tikhe Sham Ganpat
College students are vulnerable to a critical period in developmental maturation, facing rigorous academic work, and learning how to function independently. Physical activities such as running and bicycling have been shown to improve mood and relieve stress. However, college students often have low levels of physical activity. Yoga is an ancient physical and mental activity that affects mood and stress. However, studies examining the psychophysiological effects of yoga are rare in peer-reviewed journals. The aim of this study is to establish preliminary evidence for the psychophysiological effects of yoga on stress in young-adult college students...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614706/yoga-and-meditation-based-lifestyle-intervention-increases-neuroplasticity-and-reduces-severity-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Madhuri R Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Muneeb Faiq, Rima Dada
BACKGROUND: Current interventions for major depressive disorder (MDD) are suboptimal, and only one third respond to them on initial treatment. Neuroplasticity theories are the basis for several emerging treatments. Evidence on the impact of yoga, a well-known mind-body intervention, on neuroplasticity in MDD is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 12-week yoga- and meditation- based lifestyle intervention (YMLI) on depression severity and systemic biomarkers of neuroplasticity in adult MDD patients on routine drug treatment...
March 25, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596005/improved-self-acceptance-quality-of-life-and-stress-level-from-participation-in-a-worksite-yoga-foundations-program-a-pilot-study
#10
Lori J Casey, Kimberly M Van Rooy, Stephanie J Sutherland, Sarah M Jenkins, Jordan K Rosedahl, Nadia G Wood, Jon O Ebbert, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Jason S Egginton, Leslie A Sim, Matthew M Clark
Yoga is increasing in popularity in the United States and across the globe. However, most yoga programs are provided outside the worksite; although many companies offer worksite wellness programs, at present there is limited documentation regarding the potential benefits of participating in a worksite yoga program. Therefore, the purpose of this project was to examine the potential effect of a worksite yoga program on self-acceptance, quality of life, and perceived stress. A prospective cohort pilot study that examined a structured worksite yoga program was designed and tailored to individuals new to yoga...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596004/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-yoga-in-medical-students-assessment-of-anthropometry-and-lifestyle-factors
#11
Shreelaxmi V Hegde, Swathi K Rao, Ritesh G Menezes, Shashidhar M Kotian, Sowmya Shetty
Medical students often experience significant stress during their undergraduate training. Evidence has shown short-term yoga to be effective in decreasing stress in students. This study aimed to assess knowledge about, attitude toward, and practice of (KAP) yoga among medical students. A secondary objective was to analyze their dietary habits and physical activity. Participants consisted of 224 medical students aged 18-23 years in pre- and paraclinical groups. A closed-ended KAP questionnaire was used to collect data...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593576/vagus-nerve-as-modulator-of-the-brain-gut-axis-in-psychiatric-and-inflammatory-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Sigrid Breit, Aleksandra Kupferberg, Gerhard Rogler, Gregor Hasler
The vagus nerve represents the main component of the parasympathetic nervous system, which oversees a vast array of crucial bodily functions, including control of mood, immune response, digestion, and heart rate. It establishes one of the connections between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract and sends information about the state of the inner organs to the brain via afferent fibers. In this review article, we discuss various functions of the vagus nerve which make it an attractive target in treating psychiatric and gastrointestinal disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590487/psychological-flexibility-and-set-shifting-among-veterans-participating-in-a-yoga-program-a-pilot-study
#13
Timothy Avery, Christine Blasey, Craig Rosen, Peter Bayley
Introduction: Trauma-focused psychotherapies do not meet the needs of all veterans. Yoga shows some potential in reducing stress and perhaps even PTSD in veterans, although little is understood about the mechanisms of action. This study identifies preliminary correlates of change in PTSD and perceived stress for veterans participating in yoga. Materials and methods: Nine veterans (seven males and two females) were recruited from an existing clinical yoga program and observed over 16 wk...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573916/position-of-the-hip-in-yoga
#14
Simon C Mears, Margaret R Wilson, Erin M Mannen, S Andrew Tackett, C Lowry Barnes
BACKGROUND: Yoga is growing in popularity as a form of exercise throughout the world. Orthopedic patients participate in yoga, yet little is known about the ranges-of-motion of the hip within various yoga poses. Orthopedic surgeons are unsure about what potential positions their patients are placing their hips during a yoga practice. The aim of this study is to quantify the degree of hip motion with common yoga poses. METHODS: Twenty healthy, regular practitioners of yoga performed 11 different yoga poses in a standardized fashion...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570448/a-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-stress-on-the-cognitive-parameters-in-women-with-increased-body-mass-index-before-and-after-menopause
#15
M B Ramesh, S Ammu, A K Nayanatara, N A Vinodini, K C Pratik, N Anupama, K Bhagyalakshmi
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is a critical public health problem for women. The negative effect of stress on memory and cognitive functions has been widely explored for decades in numerous research projects using a wide range of methodology. Deterioration of memory and other brain functions is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Estrogen fluctuations and withdrawal have myriad direct effects on the central nervous system that have the potential to influence cognitive functions...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566652/yoga-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Holger Cramer, Dennis Anheyer, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Yoga is increasingly used as a therapeutic treatment and seems to improve psychiatric conditions such as anxiety disorders and depression. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the evidence of yoga for reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, Medline/PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, and IndMED were searched through July 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of yoga on symptoms of PTSD...
March 22, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541436/the-effect-of-yoga-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-women
#17
Masoumeh Shohani, Gholamreza Badfar, Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy, Sattar Kaikhavani, Shoboo Rahmati, Yaghoob Modmeli, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: In recent decades, several medical and scientific studies on yoga proved it to be very useful in the treatment of some diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of yoga on stress, anxiety, and depression in women living in Ilam, Iran. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with pre-post test. To collect data, the questionnaire of DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21) was used. For eligible samples, hatha yoga exercises and training sessions were held for 4 weeks (3 time/weeks; 60-70 min each) by a specialist...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535617/yoga-therapy-and-polyvagal-theory-the-convergence-of-traditional-wisdom-and-contemporary-neuroscience-for-self-regulation-and-resilience
#18
Marlysa B Sullivan, Matt Erb, Laura Schmalzl, Steffany Moonaz, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Stephen W Porges
Yoga therapy is a newly emerging, self-regulating complementary and integrative healthcare (CIH) practice. It is growing in its professionalization, recognition and utilization with a demonstrated commitment to setting practice standards, educational and accreditation standards, and promoting research to support its efficacy for various populations and conditions. However, heterogeneity of practice, poor reporting standards, and lack of a broadly accepted understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in yoga therapy limits the structuring of testable hypotheses and clinical applications...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498990/musculoskeletal-pain-and-interest-in-meditation-and-yoga-in-home-health-aides-evidence-from-the-home-health-occupations-musculoskeletal-examinations-hhome-study
#19
Michelle M Shnayder, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Lila S Asfour, Eric M Hecht, David J Lee, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
Home healthcare aides (HHAs) are a growing U.S. workforce highly susceptible to workplace stressors and musculoskeletal pain. In the present study we: 1) examine the association of musculoskeletal pain to life satisfaction and emotional exhaustion; and 2) characterize interest in meditation and yoga in a sample of HHAs. A nonprobabilistic sample of HHAs employed at home healthcare agencies in Florida, Massachusetts, and Oregon (n = 285 total) completed a self-administered questionnaire with standard survey measures on musculoskeletal pain location, duration, and severity; life satisfaction; emotional exhaustion; and interest in meditation techniques and yoga...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498237/the-africa-yoga-project-and-well-being-a-concept-map-of-students-perceptions
#20
Carla A Giambrone, Catherine P Cook-Cottone, Jessalyn E Klein
BACKGROUND: Concept mapping methodology was used to explore the perceived impact of practicing yoga with the Africa Yoga Project (AYP)-an organisation created to increase health and well-being by providing community-based yoga classes throughout Kenya. AYP's mission fit with theoretical models of well-being is discussed. Anecdotal evidence and initial qualitative research suggested the AYP meaningfully impacted adult students. METHODS: Of the hundreds of AYP's adult students, 56 and 82 students participated in Phases I and II, respectively...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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