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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#1
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880607/mind-body-therapy-for-military-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun
OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867861/effect-of-integrative-naturopathy-and-yoga-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#4
A Mooventhan, Geetha B Shetty
A 54-year old married woman was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 2002, essential hypertension in 2008, type-2 diabetes in 2011 and gangrene over 2(nd) toe of right foot. She underwent conventional management in private hospitals. Her symptoms, began with moderate to severe pain associated with swelling, stiffness (more in the morning) in multiple joints especially over small joints. In July-2014 she visited our college hospital with the complaints of pain, mild swelling and stiffness over multiple joints associated with poor quality of sleep (QOS) and quality of life (QOL)...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866110/effect-of-a-16-week-bikram-yoga-program-on-perceived-stress-self-efficacy-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-stressed-and-sedentary-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Zoe L Hewett, Kate L Pumpa, Caroline A Smith, Paul P Fahey, Birinder S Cheema
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 16 weeks of Bikram yoga on perceived stress, self-efficacy and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in sedentary, stressed adults. DESIGN: 16 week, parallel-arm, randomised controlled trial with flexible dosing. METHODS: Physically inactive, stressed adults (37.2±10.8 years) were randomised to Bikram yoga (three to five classes per week) or control (no treatment) group for 16 weeks...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827927/effect-of-yoga-on-sleep-quality-and-neuroendocrine-immune-response-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients
#6
Raghavendra Mohan Rao, H S Vadiraja, R Nagaratna, K S Gopinath, Shekhar Patil, Ravi B Diwakar, H P Shahsidhara, B S Ajaikumar, H R Nagendra
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that distress and accompanying neuroendocrine stress responses as important predictor of survival in advanced breast cancer patients. Some psychotherapeutic intervention studies have shown have modulation of neuroendocrine-immune responses in advanced breast cancer patients. In this study, we evaluate the effects of yoga on perceived stress, sleep, diurnal cortisol, and natural killer (NK) cell counts in patients with metastatic cancer. METHODS: In this study, 91 patients with metastatic breast cancer who satisfied selection criteria and consented to participate were recruited and randomized to receive "integrated yoga based stress reduction program" (n = 45) or standard "education and supportive therapy sessions" (n = 46) over a 3 month period...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827926/effects-of-yoga-in-managing-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
H S Vadiraja, Raghavendra Mohan Rao, R Nagarathna, H R Nagendra, Shekhar Patil, Ravi B Diwakar, H P Shashidhara, K S Gopinath, B S Ajaikumar
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is widely prevalent in cancer patients and affects quality of life in advanced cancer patients. Fatigue is caused due to both psychologic distress and physiological sequel following cancer progression and its treatment. In this study, we evaluate the effects of yogic intervention in managing fatigue in metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with metastatic breast cancer were randomized to receive integrated yoga program (n = 46) or supportive therapy and education (n = 45) over a 3-month period...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827924/effect-of-long-term-yoga-practice-on-psychological-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Ram R Amritanshu, Raghavendra Mohan Rao, Raghuram Nagaratna, Vidya Harini Veldore, Mr Usha Usha Rani, Kodaganur S Gopinath, B S Ajaikumar
AIM: Breast cancer has become a pandemic with an ever-increasing incidence. Although better diagnostics and treatment modalities have reduced mortality, a large number of survivors face cancer and treatment-related long-term symptoms. Many survivors are taking up yoga for improving the quality of life (QoL). The present study attempts to evaluate predictors of psychological states in breast cancer survivors with long-term yoga experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study recruited early breast cancer survivors, 30-65 years, completing treatment > 6 months before recruitment, and grouped them based on prior yoga experience (BCY, n = 27) or naïve (BCN, n = 25)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827923/role-of-yoga-in-cancer-patients-expectations-benefits-and-risks-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Raghavendra Mohan Rao, Ram Amritanshu, H T Vinutha, Shanmugaraj Vaishnaruby, Shashidhara Deepashree, Murthy Megha, Rajendra Geetha, B S Ajaikumar
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of cancer poses severe psychologic distress that impacts functional quality of life. While cancer directed treatments are directed purely against tumor killing, interventions that reduce treatment related distress and improve quality of life are the need of the hour. Yoga is one such mind body intervention that is gaining popularity among cancer patients. METHOD: Several research studies in the last two decades unravel the benefits of yoga in terms of improved mood states, symptom reduction, stress reduction and improved quality of life apart from improving host factors that are known to affect survival in cancer patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822063/mind-body-therapies-in-cancer-what-is-the-latest-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Linda E Carlson, Erin Zelinski, Kirsti Toivonen, Michelle Flynn, Maryam Qureshi, Katherine-Ann Piedalue, Rachel Grant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many people living with cancer use complementary therapies, and some of the most popular are mind-body therapies (MBTs), including relaxation and imagery, hypnosis, yoga, meditation, tai chi and qigong, and art therapies. The efficacy of these modalities was reviewed by assessing recent findings in the context of cancer care. RECENT FINDINGS: These therapies show efficacy in treating common cancer-related side effects, including nausea and vomiting, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depressive symptoms and improving overall quality of life...
August 18, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819762/separating-the-limbs-of-yoga-limited-effects-on-stress-and-mood
#11
Evangeline A Wheeler, Antonia N Santoro, Alicia F Bembenek
Though millions of people practice yoga to reduce stress and improve their mood, it is unclear which aspect of yoga is responsible for these effects. To investigate relevant aspects, or "limbs" of yoga, participants who were novices in the practice of yoga engaged in a single yoga manipulation (i.e., poses, breath work, meditation, or listening to a lecture about yoga) for 20 min before experiencing a mild stressor. Participants' heart rate, blood pressure, mood, and anxiety level were assessed, both immediately after the yoga manipulation and after the mild stressor...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810420/the-effects-of-power-and-stretch-yoga-on-affect-and-salivary-cortisol-in-women
#12
Molly Sullivan, Amanda Carberry, Elizabeth S Evans, Eric E Hall, Svetlana Nepocatych
Yoga practice is known to improve well-being and decrease stress. However, acute yoga is understudied. This study investigated the effects of two different types of yoga on affect and salivary cortisol levels in college women. Thirty-three women aged 18-30 years each completed 1-hour sessions of power yoga and stretch yoga. Measures of affect and salivary cortisol were assessed before, during, and after each session. Participants perceived power yoga to be more pleasurable and energizing. Salivary cortisol significantly decreased after both yoga sessions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795775/interventions-to-reduce-perceived-stress-among-graduate-students-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#13
Susan B Stillwell, Amber L Vermeesch, Jane G Scott
BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of daily life for graduate students, including graduate nursing students. Contemporary graduate nursing students are facing unprecedented challenges to meet rigorous academic standards as they prepare for their advanced professional role to meet the demands of the nation's complex and ever-changing healthcare system. Empowering graduate nursing students to ease their perceived stress and minimize undesirable health effects may benefit their capacity to adapt and successfully manage perceived stress in their future healthcare role...
August 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#14
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757900/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-maternal-perinatal-mental-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Zhenrong Shi, Angus MacBeth
Presenting with common mental health difficulties, particularly depression and anxiety, there is also preliminary evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) including mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and integrated mindfulness yoga practices may also be effective in reducing common mental health difficulties during pregnancy. We systematically reviewed and synthesized the current literature on the effectiveness of MBIs in reducing severity of perinatal anxiety and depression...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757897/a-qualitative-examination-of-yoga-for-middle-school-adolescents
#16
Bethany Butzer, Amanda Marie LoRusso, Regina Windsor, Frankye Riley, Kate Frame, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Lisa Conboy
The present study was part of a group randomized controlled trial in which 7(th) grade students were assigned to a yoga intervention or physical-education-as-usual. Sixteen students were randomly selected from the yoga condition to participate in one-on-one interviews. Qualitative analyses revealed 13 themes that were organized into two categories: Usability (student perceptions of the usefulness, learnability, and convenience of the yoga intervention) and Effect (student perceptions of the direct results of the yoga intervention)...
2017: Advances in School Mental Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738882/hemisphere-specific-eeg-related-to-alternate-nostril-yoga-breathing
#18
Shirley Telles, Ram Kumar Gupta, Arti Yadav, Shivangi Pathak, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND: Previously, forced unilateral nostril breathing was associated with ipsilateral, or contralateral cerebral hemisphere changes, or no change. Hence it was inconclusive. The present study was conducted on 13 normal healthy participants to determine the effects of alternate nostril yoga breathing on (a) cerebral hemisphere asymmetry, and (b) changes in the standard EEG bands. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to three sessions (a) alternate nostril yoga breathing (ANYB), (b) breath awareness and (c) quiet sitting, on separate days...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714735/effect-of-yoga-breathing-pranayama-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
David A Kaminsky, Kalpalatha K Guntupalli, Joan Lippmann, Stephanie M Burns, Melissa A Brock, Joan Skelly, Michael DeSarno, Heidi Pecott-Grimm, Ali Mohsin, Catherine LaRock-McMahon, Penney Warren, Martha C Whitney, Nicola A Hanania
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many patients do not have access to pulmonary rehabilitation programs. We hypothesized that an alternative to pulmonary rehabilitation to improve exercise tolerance is the practice of pranayama, or yoga breathing, which could be done independently at home. We also sought to determine whether yoga nonprofessionals could adequately teach pranayama to patients...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708415/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-yoga-as-a-complementary-and-alternative-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-and-synthesis
#20
Nicole A Sciarrino, Christian DeLucia, Kaitlin O'Brien, Kristen McAdams
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that affects many who have experienced trauma. In addition to skills-focused treatments, exposure-based treatments, cognitive therapy, combination treatments, and EMDR, a number of alternative treatments for PTSD have emerged in recent years. The search for alternative treatments is justified based on the empirical observation that a large percentage of individuals fail to benefit optimally from existing treatments (e...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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