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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#1
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898068/preliminary-indications-of-the-effect-of-a-brief-yoga-intervention-on-markers-of-inflammation-and-dna-methylation-in-chronically-stressed-women
#2
K N Harkess, J Ryan, P H Delfabbro, S Cohen-Woods
Yoga is associated with reduced stress and increased well-being, although the molecular basis for these benefits is not clear. Mounting evidence implicates the immune response, with current studies focused on protein immune markers (such as cytokines) in clinical populations. To explore the molecular impact, this pilot study uses a subsample (n=28) from a randomised waitlist control trial investigating the impact of an 8-week yoga intervention in a community population of women reporting psychological distress (N=116)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891357/effect-of-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-male-obesity-and-psychological-parameters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. AIM: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880996/oxidative-stress-induced-damage-to-paternal-genome-and-impact-of-meditation-and-yoga-can-it-reduce-incidence-of-childhood-cancer
#4
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847524/yoga-for-risk-reduction-of-metabolic-syndrome-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#5
Stephanie J Sohl, Kenneth A Wallston, Keiana Watkins, Gurjeet S Birdee
Lifestyle change is recommended as treatment for adults at risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS), although adoption of new behavioral patterns is limited. In addition, most existing lifestyle interventions do not address psychological stress or quality of life, both of which impact the burden of MetS. Yoga, a form of physical activity that incorporates psychological components (e.g., maintaining attention, relaxation), is a promising intervention for improving the burden of MetS. This randomized controlled trial assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 12-week yoga program coupled with an evidence-based health education program (HED) compared to HED alone...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836071/the-treatment-of-neck-pain-associated-disorders-and-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#6
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Jill Hayden, Brenda Hendrickson, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of neck pain-associated disorders (NADs) and whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). This guideline replaces 2 prior chiropractic guidelines on NADs and WADs. METHODS: Pertinent systematic reviews on 6 topic areas (education, multimodal care, exercise, work disability, manual therapy, passive modalities) were assessed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and data extracted from admissible randomized controlled trials...
October 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809649/an-in-situ-investigation-of-the-acute-effects-of-bikram-yoga-on-positive-and-negative-affect-and-state-anxiety-in-context-of-perceived-stress
#7
Attila Szabo, Letícia Nikházy, Benedek Tihanyi, Szilvia Boros
BACKGROUND: Bikram yoga is a relatively new, but an increasingly popular form of exercise. Its health benefits were demonstrated on physical and psychological measures. AIMS: The current field study tested the acute effects of Bikram yoga on practitioners' positive-/negative-affect and state-anxiety, and their link to the self-perceived stress, in Bikram yoga participants. METHOD: Field study, within-participants design, testing perceived stress and its relation to changes in positive-/negative-affect and state-anxiety in 53 habitual Bikram yoga participants...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797664/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#8
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797659/-smoking-does-not-go-with-yoga-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-phenomenological-perceptions-during-yoga-and-smoking-cessation
#9
Rochelle K Rosen, Herpreet Thind, Ernestine Jennings, Kate M Guthrie, David M Williams, Beth C Bock
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, cigarette craving, increased negative affect, and increased experience of stress. Because yoga has been shown to reduce stress and negative affect, it may be an effective aid to smoking cessation. The objective of this study was to examine women's phenomenological experiences of vinyasa yoga as part of a smoking cessation program. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted post-intervention with women (n = 20) who participated in a pilot randomized controlled trial of yoga as a complementary therapy for smoking cessation...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794449/yoga-practice-improves-executive-function-by-attenuating-stress-levels
#10
Neha Gothe, Rahul K Keswani, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Prolonged activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system is thought to have deleterious effects on brain function. Neuroendocrine studies suggest that brain exposure to higher cortisol concentrations contribute to cognitive deficits as we age. Mind-body techniques such as yoga have shown to improve stress levels by restoring the body's sympathetic-parasympathetic balance. The objective of this study was to determine whether yoga practice moderated the stress response resulting in improved executive function...
October 26, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790427/change-in-oxidative-stress-of-normotensive-elderly-subjects-following-lifestyle-modifications
#11
Anubhav Bhatnagar, Yogesh Tripathi, Anoop Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress is associated with aging, which ultimately causes deterioration of muscles. Antioxidant defense system deteriorates while enhancing accumulations of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) due to lipid peroxidation and altered enzyme activities in old age. Regular practice of yoga can maintain the antioxidants level of the body, even in stressful conditions. AIM: The present study was designed to assess the effects of lifestyle technique on oxidative stress and lipid profile in normotensive elderly subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776622/yoga-in-women-with-abdominal-obesity%C3%9F-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Holger Cramer, Meral Sushila Thoms, Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of yoga on waist circumference and other anthropometric and self-reported variables in women with abdominal obesity. METHODS: 60 women with abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm; body-mass index [BMI] ≥ 25) were randomly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to either a 12-week yoga intervention (n = 40) or a waiting list (n = 20)...
September 30, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747823/workload-regulation-by-sudarshan-kriya-an-eeg-and-ecg-perspective
#13
Sushil Chandra, Greeshma Sharma, Mansi Sharma, Devendra Jha, Alok Pakash Mittal
Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) is a type of rhythmic breathing activity, trivially a form of Pranayama that stimulates physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. The objective of the present work is to verify the effect of meditation in optimizing task efficiency and regulating stress. It builds on to quantitatively answer if SKY will increase workload tolerance for divided attention tasks in the people sank in it. EEG and ECG recordings were taken from a total of twenty-five subjects who had volunteered for the experiment...
July 18, 2016: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688017/-the-program-affects-me-cause-it-gives-away-stress-urban-students-qualitative-perspectives-on-stress-and-a-school-based-mindful-yoga-intervention
#14
Jacinda K Dariotis, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Roxanne Mirabal-Beltran, Laura Feagans Gould, Mark T Greenberg, Tamar Mendelson
CONTEXT: School-based mindfulness and yoga studies generally measure stress-related outcomes using quantitative measures. OBJECTIVE: This study answers the following research questions: How do youth define stress and in what ways, if any, was a mindful yoga intervention helpful to youth during stress experiences? DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: To explore youths' own perspectives on stress, stressors in youths' lives, and perceived changes in responses to stress post-intervention, we conducted focus group discussions with 22 middle school students from low-income urban communities following a 16-week mindful yoga intervention...
November 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618687/a-resilience-intervention-involving-mindfulness-training-for-transplant-patients-and-their-caregivers
#15
Cynthia M Stonnington, Betty Darby, Angela Santucci, Pamela Mulligan, Patricia Pathuis, Andrea Cuc, Joseph G Hentz, Nan Zhang, David Mulligan, Amit Sood
Solid organ and stem cell transplant patients and their caregivers report a substantial level of distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction has been shown to alleviate distress associated with transplant, but there is limited experience in this population with other mindfulness-based interventions, or with combined transplant patient and caregiver interventions. We evaluated a novel, 6-week mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) class for transplant patients and their caregivers that incorporates mindfulness practice, yoga, and neuroscience of stress and resilience...
November 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608709/stress-management-in-mothers-of-students-appearing-for-competitive-examinations-through-yoga-a-comparative-study
#16
Hansaji J Yogendra, Shantharam Shetty, Malay Dave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566622/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-versus-yoga-effects-on-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-college-students
#17
Nasrin Falsafi
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are two of the most common mental disorders in the United States. These disorders are prevalent among college students. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two different types of intervention practices (mindfulness vs. yoga) and a noninterventional control group in mitigating the effects of depression and/or anxiety in college students. METHOD: A sample of 90 students (both genders) over age 18 who had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression was recruited from 11,500 undergraduate college students in a mid-size university...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538513/yogic-breathing-when-compared-to-attention-control-reduces-the-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-saliva-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Waleed O Twal, Amy E Wahlquist, Sundaravadivel Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Self-report measures indicate that Yoga practices are perceived to reduce stress; however, molecular mechanisms through which YB affects stress are just beginning to be understood. While invasive sampling such as blood has been widely used to measure biological indicators such as pro-inflammatory biomarkers, the use of saliva to measure changes in various biomolecules has been increasingly recognized. As Yoga practice stimulates salivary secretion, and saliva is considered a source of biomarkers, changes in salivary cytokines before and after Yogic breathing exercise as specified in an ancient Tamil script, Thirumanthiram, were examined using a Cytokine Multiplex to compare to Attention Control (AC) group...
August 18, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537781/meditation-for-posttraumatic-stress-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Lara Hilton, Alicia Ruelaz Maher, Benjamin Colaiaco, Eric Apaydin, Melony E Sorbero, Marika Booth, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis that synthesized evidence from randomized controlled trials of meditation interventions to provide estimates of their efficacy and safety in treating adults diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review was based on an established protocol (PROSPERO: CRD42015025782) and is reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Outcomes of interest included PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, functional status, and adverse events...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530006/autonomic-functions-in-raja-yoga-meditators
#20
Jyotsana R Bharshankar, Archana D Mandape, Mrunal S Phatak, Rajay N Bharshankar
Stress, an inevitable and constant feature throughout the lifetime, induces autonomic dysfunctions, for which meditation is considered to be an antidote. So the case control study was planned including 50 Raja-yoga meditators practicing meditation for 5 years and 50 age matched non-meditators. Autonomic function tests were performed and results were compared using the Student-t test. Mean values of resting HR, SBP and DBP were less in meditators. Galvanic Skin Response in meditators was significantly more (p < 0...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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