keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical self-help

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346691/the-impact-of-near-peer-teaching-on-medical-students-transition-to-clerkships
#1
Alexander C Knobloch, Christy J W Ledford, Sean Wilkes, Adam K Saperstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to clerkships is one of the most challenging times during medical school. To help students better cope, many schools have established transition-to-clerkship curricula. Such curricula may optimally prepare students through increasing their self-efficacy and response efficacy. We hypothesized that a small-group, near-peer-led format would be ideally suited to help students achieve these outcomes. METHODS: During process improvement for a transition-to-clerkship curriculum, we conducted an informal focus group and subsequent survey of postclerkship students to guide curricular innovation, including incorporation of third- and fourth-year students as near-peer instructors in a seminar format...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344462/introducing-mentoring-to-1st-year-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college-in-north-india-a-pilot-study
#2
Sahiba Kukreja, Namrata Chhabra, Amandeep Kaur, Rohit Arora, Tejinder Singh
Background: The stress of complex medical course, emotional immaturity, and adaptations to new surroundings are the challenges faced by the new medical entrants. Therefore, mentorship program was introduced to support them for their academic and personal development. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to introduce and to assess the perception of mentors and mentees on mentorship program. Materials and Methods: A mentorship program was designed for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) First Professional students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344391/pilot-study-assessing-the-effect-of-continual-position-monitoring-technology-on-compliance-with-patient-turning-protocols
#3
Suann Cirigliano Schutt, Christine Tarver, Michelle Pezzani
Aim: The study aim was to evaluate if continual patient position monitoring, taking into account self-turns and clinician-assisted turns, would increase the percentage of time a patient's position changed at least every 2 hr. Background: While patient turning has clinical benefits, current models to help staff remember to turn patients, such as "turn clocks" and timers, have not resulted in high compliance with turning protocols. In addition, reminders are based on arbitrary 2-hr windows (such as turning on "even" hours) rather than on individual patient activity, including self-turns...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343272/biotechnologies-that-empower-transgender-persons-to-self-actualize-as-individuals-partners-spouses-and-parents-are-defining-new-ways-to-conceive-a-child-psychological-considerations-and-ethical-issues
#4
REVIEW
Agnès Condat, Nicolas Mendes, Véronique Drouineaud, Nouria Gründler, Chrystelle Lagrange, Colette Chiland, Jean-Philippe Wolf, François Ansermet, David Cohen
Today, thanks to biomedical technologies advances, some persons with fertility issues can conceive. Transgender persons benefit also from these advances and can not only actualize their self-identified sexual identities but also experience parenthood. Based on clinical multidisciplinary seminars that gathered child psychiatrists and psychoanalysts interested in the fields of assisted reproduction technology (ART) and gender dysphoria, philosophers interested in bioethics, biologists interested in ART, and endocrinologists interested in pubertal suppression, we explore how new biotechnical advances, whether in gender transition or procreation, could create new ways to conceive a child possible...
January 17, 2018: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342983/assessing-the-perceptions-and-practice-of-self-medication-among-bangladeshi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students
#5
Md Omar Reza Seam, Rita Bhatta, Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Abhijit Das, Md Monir Hossain, S M Naim Uddin, Palash Karmakar, M Shahabuddin Kabir Choudhuri, Mohammad Mafruhi Sattar
Objectives: To evaluate the perceptions and extent of practicing self-medication among undergraduate pharmacy students. Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a six month period (January to June 2016) among undergraduate pharmacy students in five reputable public universities of Bangladesh. It involved face-to-face interviews regarding self-medication of 250 respondents selected by simple random sampling. Results: Self-medication was reported by 88.0% of students. Antipyretics (58...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342172/driving-factors-of-retention-in-care-among-hiv-positive-msm-and-transwomen-in-indonesia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Adi Nugroho, Vicki Erasmus, Robert W S Coulter, Sushil Koirala, Oranuch Nampaisan, Wirastra Pamungkas, Jan Hendrik Richardus
Little is known about the prevalence of and factors that influence retention in HIV-related care among Indonesian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (transwomen, or waria in Indonesian term). Therefore, we explored the driving factors of retention in care among HIV-positive MSM and waria in Indonesia. This cross-sectional study involved 298 self-reported HIV-positive MSM (n = 165) and waria (n = 133). Participants were recruited using targeted sampling and interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341809/modified-directed-self-learning-sessions-in-physiology-with-prereading-assignments-and-pecha-kucha-talks-perceptions-of-students
#7
Reem Rachel Abraham, Sharmila Torke, James Gonsalves, Sareesh Naduvil Narayanan, M Ganesh Kamath, Jay Prakash, Kiranmai S Rai
The present study reports perceptions of first-year undergraduate medical students ( n = 120), regarding modified directed self-learning (DSL) sessions in physiology. Students were provided with prereading assignments (faculty developed PowerPoint slides containing diagrams with incomplete labeling/flowcharts with missing steps) pertaining to the DSL topic 1 wk before the scheduled small-group DSL presentations. During DSL presentation sessions, which were facilitated by teachers, a few students individually presented learning objectives in the specified topic...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340289/automatic-segmentation-method-of-pelvic-floor-levator-hiatus-in-ultrasound-using-a-self-normalizing-neural-network
#8
Ester Bonmati, Yipeng Hu, Nikhil Sindhwani, Hans Peter Dietz, Jan D'hooge, Dean Barratt, Jan Deprest, Tom Vercauteren
Segmentation of the levator hiatus in ultrasound allows the extraction of biometrics, which are of importance for pelvic floor disorder assessment. We present a fully automatic method using a convolutional neural network (CNN) to outline the levator hiatus in a two-dimensional image extracted from a three-dimensional ultrasound volume. In particular, our method uses a recently developed scaled exponential linear unit (SELU) as a nonlinear self-normalizing activation function, which for the first time has been applied in medical imaging with CNN...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339839/trends-in-trauma-related-mortality-among-adolescents-a-6-year-snapshot-from-a-teaching-hospital-s-post-mortem-data
#9
Sachil Kumar, Anoop K Verma
Introduction: The aim is to explore the trends in trauma mortality in children aged 0-18 years can help to co-ordinate resources toward research and programs to reduce the burden. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out on adolescents ≤18 years of age autopsied according to the attorney request at Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India in the period from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2014...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338578/cannabis-use-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-prescription-opioid-analgesic-use-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#10
Nancy L Sohler, Joanna L Starrels, Laila Khalid, Marcus A Bachhuber, Julia H Arnsten, Shadi Nahvi, John Jost, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is common in the United States and prescribed opioid analgesics use for noncancer pain has increased dramatically in the past two decades, possibly accounting for the current opioid addiction epidemic. Co-morbid drug use in those prescribed opioid analgesics is common, but there are few data on polysubstance use patterns. OBJECTIVE: We explored patterns of use of cigarette, alcohol, and illicit drugs in HIV-infected people with chronic pain who were prescribed opioid analgesics...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335855/t-cell-responses-to-tumor-how-dominant-assumptions-on-immune-activity-led-to-a-neglect-of-pathological-functions-and-how-evolutionary-considerations-can-help-identify-testable-hypotheses-for-improving-immunotherapy
#11
REVIEW
Marinos Kallikourdis
Cancer immunotherapy is based on the premise that activated, pro-inflammatory T cell responses to tumor will mostly combat tumor growth. Nowadays accepted as largely valid, this hypothesis has been formed as a result of extensive theoretical and experimental argumentation on the inherent function of the immune system and the nature of the immunological self, dating back to the foundations of immunology. These arguments have also been affected by how current working hypotheses were set by researchers, an issue that has been the focus of study by medical anthropologists...
January 15, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335041/clinical-correlates-of-resilience-factors-in-geriatric-depression
#12
Kelsey T Laird, Helen Lavretsky, Pattharee Paholpak, Roza M Vlasova, Michael Roman, Natalie St Cyr, Prabha Siddarth
BACKGROUND: Traditional perspectives conceptualize resilience as a trait and depression as resulting from resilience deficiency. However, research indicates that resilience varies substantially even among adults who are clinically depressed, as well as across the lifespan of an individual. Few studies have investigated resilience in depression, and even fewer have examined resilience in depressed older adults. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-seven adults ≥60 years with major depressive disorder completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and measures of mental health, quality of life (QOL), and medical comorbidity...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334338/at-home-genital-nerve-stimulation-for-individuals-with-sci-and-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#13
Dennis J Bourbeau, Kenneth J Gustafson, Steven W Brose
OBJECTIVE: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, including neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is one of the most clinically significant problems for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting health and quality of life. Genital nerve stimulation (GNS) can acutely inhibit NDO-related reflex bladder contractions and increase bladder capacity. However, it is unknown if GNS can improve urinary continence or help meet individuals' bladder management goals during sustained use, which is required for GNS to be clinically effective...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329146/national-prevalence-and-effects-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivities
#14
Anne Steinemann
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS), its co-occurrence with asthma and fragrance sensitivity, and effects from exposure to fragranced consumer products. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional population-based sample of adult Americans (n = 1,137) was surveyed in June 2016. RESULTS: Among the population, 12.8% report medically diagnosed MCS and 25.9% report chemical sensitivity. Of those with MCS, 86...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325677/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-lung-cancer-free-smokers-the-importance-of-healthy-controls
#16
Michelle D Karpman, Ronald Eldridge, Jack L Follis, Carol J Etzel, Sanjay Shete, Randa A El-Zein
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in smokers enrolled as "healthy" controls in studies is 10-50%. The COPD status of ideal smoker populations for lung cancer case-control studies should be checked via spirometry; however, this is often not feasible, because no medical indications exist for asymptomatic smokers to undergo spirometry prior to study enrollment. Therefore, there is an unmet need for robust, cost effective assays for identifying undiagnosed lung disease among asymptomatic smokers...
January 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322707/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-practices-of-physicians-regarding-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-the-impact-of-a-continuing-medical-education-program
#17
Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ritesh Agarwal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera
Background: Significant deficiencies have been identified previously in the knowledge of physicians regarding the current diagnosis and management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Whether a continuing medical education (CME) program helps in overcoming these deficiencies has never been studied. Methods: This was a questionnaire-based study performed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices of physicians regarding IPF before and after attending a CME program at a tertiary care teaching Institute in northern India...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317912/knowledge-perceptions-and-practices-of-healthcare-workers-regarding-the-use-of-respiratory-protection-equipment-at-iran-hospitals
#18
Marzieh Honarbakhsh, Mehdi Jahangiri, Haleh Ghaem
Background: Using appropriate respiratory protection equipment (RPE) is very important to protect healthcare workers (HCWs) against respiratory hazards. The aim of this study was to identify the level of knowledge, perceptions and practices of HCWs on using RPE. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 284 employees of educational hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The study's instrument was a self-made questionnaire that comprised four components: demographic inquiries and questions designed to assess the knowledge, perceptions and practice of HCWs regarding RPE...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314556/barriers-and-reinforcing-factors-to-self-management-behaviour-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#19
M Chaleshgar-Kordasiabi, B Enjezab, M Akhlaghi, I Sabzmakan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the view of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients about the barriers and reinforcing factors in practising self-management behaviour (SMB). METHODS: This was a qualitative study based on directed content analysis of in-depth semi-structured interviews with 30 patients. The participants were selected using a purposeful sampling approach. The interviews continued until data saturation was reached. The study was conducted over 6 months in 2014-2015 at the Rheumatology Clinic of Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
January 5, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310702/mondor-s-disease-a-rare-cause-of-chest-pain-a-case-report
#20
Navaneethakrishnan Suganthan, Vithiya Ratnasamy
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is one of the common presenting symptoms encountered in an emergency department. Prompt history taking and careful clinical examination do help to differentiate cardiac chest pain from other causes. Mondor's disease is a rare cause of chest pain which is often underdiagnosed due to lack of awareness. Mondor's disease is a condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the superficial veins of breast and anterior chest wall. The diagnosis is often made clinically...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
keyword
keyword
49596
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"