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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#1
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535772/rural-urban-difference-in-the-use-of-annual-physical-examination-among-seniors-in-shandong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Dandan Ge, Jie Chu, Chengchao Zhou, Yangyang Qian, Li Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Regular physical examination contributes to early detection and timely treatment, which is helpful in promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases. The objective of this study is to compare the annual physical examination (APE) use between rural and urban elderly in China. METHODS: A total of 3,922 participants (60+) were randomly selected from three urban districts and three rural counties in Shandong Province, China, and were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534165/-the-german-research-network-cure-net-a-benefit-for-patients-with-rare-diseases
#4
REVIEW
A-K Ebert
With the help of the media, there is growing public awareness for the problems associated with rare diseases and their impact on the lives of those affected and their families. Bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) is also a part of the group of rare diseases within the urological field. The German network CURE-Net was founded in 2009 to systematically collect data regarding the epidemiological and molecular causes, and clinical and psychosocial effects of congenital urorectal malformations. With the help of self-help groups a national registry could be established for systematic data retrieval...
May 22, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528594/with-a-little-help-from-my-friends-racial-and-gender-differences-in-the-role-of-social-support-in-later-life-depression-medication-adherence
#5
Lauren B Gerlach, Janet Kavanagh, Daphne Watkins, Claire Chiang, Hyungjin M Kim, Helen C Kales
BACKGROUND: Social support has been shown to be an important factor in improving depression symptom outcomes, yet less is known regarding its impact on antidepressant medication adherence. This study sought to evaluate the role of perceived social support on adherence to new antidepressant medication prescriptions in later-life depression. METHODS: Data from two prospective observational studies of participants ≥60 years old, diagnosed with depression, and recently prescribed a new antidepressant (N = 452)...
May 22, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526007/anxiety-and-depression-in-working-age-cancer-survivors-a-register-based-study
#6
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Johanna Christine Bultmann, Birgit Möller, Georg Romer, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression can be a long-term strain in cancer survivors. Little is known about the emotional situation of cancer survivors who have to deal with work- and family-related issues. The purpose of this study was to investigate anxiety and depression in working-age cancer survivors and associated factors. METHODS: A register-based sample of 3370 cancer survivors (25 to 55 years at time of diagnosis) diagnosed up to six years prior to the survey was recruited from two German cancer registries...
May 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524700/what-is-important-in-transdisciplinary-pain-neuroscience-education-a-qualitative-study
#7
Amarins J Wijma, Caroline M Speksnijder, Astrid F Crom-Ottens, J M Corine Knulst-Verlaan, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The main focus of Pain Neuroscience Education is around changing patients' pain perceptions and minimizing further medical care. Even though Pain Neuroscience Education has been studied extensively, the experiences of patients regarding the Pain Neuroscience Education process remain to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences in patients with non-specific chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with non-specific chronic pain from a transdisciplinary treatment centre were in-depth interviewed...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#8
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523055/antibiotics-and-over-the-counter-medication-use-and-its-correlates-among-arab-pregnant-women-visiting-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Hafsa Raheel, Sulaiman Alsakran, Abdulkhaliq Alghamdi, Majed Ajarem, Salman Alsulami, Afzal Mahmood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of over the counter medications (OTCMs) is a common practice globally. OTCMs are of special concern among pregnant women as they pose risk to the mother and fetus. The objective was to assess the use of OTCMs by pregnant woman, and factors associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, using a structured self-administrated questionnaire was conducted at the obstetric and antenatal clinics at King Khalid University hospital, Riyadh...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517983/personalised-medicine-and-the-economy-of-biotechnological-promise
#10
Steve Sturdy
Rather than seek to distinguish hype from legitimate promise, it may be more helpful to think about personalised medicine as embodying a promissory economy which serves both to mobilize resources for research and - partly at least - to determine the ends to which that research is directed. Personalised medicine is a development of the larger promissory economy of medical biotechnology. As such, it systematically conflates public benefit with the pursuit of commercial and especially pharmaceutical interests...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517108/goals-of-medical-students-participating-in-scholarly-concentration-programmes
#11
Kurt Alberson, Vineet M Arora, Karen Zier, Rachel K Wolfson
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly concentration (SC) programmes are increasingly common in medical school curricula, fostering student participation in mentored research. Endpoints including publication rates and impact on career path have been reported, but student goals have not been described. We describe how career plans and gender impact the importance of students' SC-related goals. Understanding student goals may enhance mentorship of professional development and self-directed learning skills...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515315/the-c-terminal-peptide-of-aquifex-aeolicus-riboflavin-synthase-directs-encapsulation-of-native-and-foreign-guests-by-a-cage-forming-lumazine-synthase
#12
Yusuke Azuma, Reinhard Zschoche, Donald Hilvert
Encapsulation of specific enzymes in self-assembling protein cages is a hallmark of bacterial compartments that function as counterparts to eukaryotic organelles. The cage-forming enzyme lumazine synthase (LS) from Bacillus subtilis (BsLS), for example, encapsulates riboflavin synthase (BsRS), enabling channeling of lumazine from the site of its generation to the site of its conversion to vitamin B2. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying the assembly of these supramolecular complexes could help inform new approaches for metabolic engineering, nanotechnology, and drug delivery...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512085/self-reported-outcomes-and-adverse-events-after-medical-abortion-through-online-telemedicine-population-based-study-in-the-republic-of-ireland-and-northern-ireland
#13
Abigail R A Aiken, Irena Digol, James Trussell, Rebecca Gomperts
Objectives To assess self reported outcomes and adverse events after self sourced medical abortion through online telemedicine.Design Population based study.Setting Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, where abortion is unavailable through the formal healthcare system except in a few restricted circumstances.Population 1000 women who underwent self sourced medical abortion through Women on Web (WoW), an online telemedicine service, between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012.Main outcome measures Successful medical abortion: the proportion of women who reported ending their pregnancy without surgical intervention...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508141/relationships-between-traumatic-life-events-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-somatic-complaints
#14
Nadia Garnefski, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Vivian Kraaij
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between traumatic life events, specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies, and present somatic complaints. The sample consisted of 465 adults from the general population. The participants filled in online self-report questionnaires with regard to somatic complaints (SCL-90), cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERQ) and traumatic life events. Multiple regression analysis was performed to study the relationships. The results showed that present somatic complaints were significantly related to the reporting of past negative events (such as loss and maltreatment) that still produce strong and negative feelings in the present...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507364/evaluation-of-a-communication-skills-training-course-for-medical-students-using-peer-role-play
#15
Nasra Naeim Ayuob, Mahdi Ali Qadi, Basem Salama El Deek, Abdulaziz Mohamed Boker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of using peer role-playing in learning the communication skills as a step in the development of the communication skills training course delivered to pre-clinical medical students. METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between September 2014 and February 2015 and comprised medical students. Mixed methods design was used to evaluate the developed communication skills training course...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506954/epxmedtracking-feasibility-evaluation-of-an-sms-based-medication-adherence-tracking-system-in-community-practice
#16
Christopher Tricarico, Robert Peters, Avik Som, Kavon Javaherian, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence remains a difficult problem to both assess and improve in patients. It is a multifactorial problem that goes beyond the commonly cited reason of forgetfulness. To date, eHealth (also known as mHealth and telehealth) interventions to improve medication adherence have largely been successful in improving adherence. However, interventions to date have used time- and cost-intensive strategies or focused solely on medication reminding, leaving much room for improvement in using a modality as flexible as eHealth...
May 15, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505321/attention-problems-as-a-predictor-of-type-1-diabetes-adherence-and-metabolic-control-across-adolescence
#17
Sara L Turner, Cynthia A Berg, Jonathan E Butner, Deborah J Wiebe
Management of type 1 diabetes is a difficult self-regulatory process requiring continued attention to complex regimen tasks. The purpose of this study was to examine whether youths' attention problems were associated with poorer adherence and HbA1c across time, and whether higher parental involvement reduced these associations. Adolescents with type 1 diabetes ( N  = 199, M age   12.43 years, SD   1.50) and their mothers rated youths' attention problems and adherence at three time points. Adolescents rated parents' diabetes-specific monitoring and behavioral involvement...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499790/self-monitoring-blood-glucose-test-strip-utilization-in-saskatchewan-a-retrospective-study
#18
Lynette Kosar, Wasem Alsabbagh, Xinya Lu, Lisa M Lix, Yvonne Shevchuk, Gary F Teare, Anne Champagne, David F Blackburn
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in blood glucose test strip (TS) utilization and cost in Saskatchewan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of TS use between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2013, was conducted using population-based health administrative databases in Saskatchewan. The prescription drug database was used to describe the annual number of TS dispensations, the number of strips dispensed, the number of unique beneficiaries and the total costs. A patient-level analysis was also carried out to describe the patterns of TS use (i...
May 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499280/help-and-care-seeking-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Anna Newton-Levinson, Jami S Leichliter, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The ability to seek help or medical care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is vital for sexually active youth; yet, their needs are often unmet. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative systematic review of studies to assess youth and provider views about the behaviors of young people in help seeking and care seeking for STI services in low- and middle-income countries. We searched peer-reviewed literature for studies published between 2001 and 2014 with a study population of youth (age, 10-24 years) and/or health service providers...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499079/development-of-an-atrophic-acne-scar-risk-assessment-tool
#20
J Tan, D Thiboutot, H Gollnick, S Kang, A Layton, J J Leyden, V Torres, J Guillemot, B Dréno
BACKGROUND: Acne is a chronic dermatological disease predominantly afflicting young adults and is often associated with the development of scars. Acne scarring is usually avoidable when acne is managed early and effectively. However, acne patients often fail to seek early treatment. New and innovative tools to raise awareness are needed. OBJECTIVE: This study presents the development and assessment of a tool aiming to assess the risk of atrophic acne scars. METHODS: A systematic literature review of clinical risk factors for acne scars, a Delphi-like survey of dermatological experts in acne and secondary data analysis were conducted in order to produce an evidence-based risk assessment tool...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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