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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792534/intensity-of-previous-teaching-but-not-diagnostic-skills-influences-stigmatization-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-by-general-practice-residents-a-vignette-study-among-french-final-year-residents-in-general-practice
#1
Julie Dupouy, Aurore Vergnes, Catherine Laporte, Shérazade Kinouani, Marc Auriacombe, Stéphane Oustric, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat
BACKGROUND: High levels of stigma towards patients with substance use disorder (SUD) have been found in health professionals and medical students. OBJECTIVES: To assess the capability of residents in general practice to diagnose SUD correctly; to assess their stigmatization of patients with SUD and to assess the correlation between both variables. We hypothesized a negative correlation. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among French residents in general practice, using a self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791211/-knowing-where-i-am-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-in-diabetes
#2
Danny Meetoo, Louise Wong, Tughreed Fatani
Although the prevalence of all types of chronic conditions is increasing, diabetes is one of the few long-term metabolic disorders that individuals can successfully manage, monitor and control on a day-to-day basis. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is considered an essential component of diabetes self-care management. When used appropriately, SMBG can help to identify factors associated with hyper- and hypoglycaemia, facilitate learning, and empower people with diabetes to make changes to improve their glycaemic control...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790145/-nursing-experience-of-using-mirror-visual-feedback-for-a-schizophrenia-patient-with-visual-hallucinations
#3
Shu-Ling Lan, Yu-Chi Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The aim of this paper was to describe the nursing application of mirror visual feedback in a patient suffering from long-term visual hallucinations. The intervention period was from May 15th to October 19th, 2015. Using the five facets of psychiatric nursing assessment, several health problems were observed, including disturbed sensory perceptions (prominent visual hallucinations) and poor self-care (e.g. limited abilities to self-bathe and put on clothing). Furthermore, "caregiver role strain" due to the related intense care burden was noted...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789275/perceived-expressed-emotion-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-and-self-esteem-in-obese-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#4
Merve Çolpan, Şafak Eray, Erdal Eren, Ayşe Pınar Vural
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a chronic disease which causes medical and psychiatric complications. Family climate is also a critical factor in the presence and treatment of obesity and comorbid psychiatric disorders. In our study, perceived expressed emotion (EE), psychopathology, self-esteem and emotional and behavioural problems among obese adolescents will be investigated by comparison with their non-obese peers. METHODS: This study was carried out with 49 obese adolescents and 47 non-obese adolescents as a control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788360/use-of-social-media-for-health-related-tasks-by-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-step-in-the-pathway-of-transition
#5
Winnie Szeto, Annelotte van der Bent, Carter R Petty, Jason Reich, Francis Farraye, Laurie N Fishman
Background: Social media is commonly used among the adolescent and young adult population, including those with chronic diseases. For adults, these platforms have been shown to be a major source of health information. Our aims were to explore how youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) use social media for (1) disease information gathering, (2) provider communication, (3) sense of belonging to the IBD community, (4) self-expression around IBD, and (5) disease management/monitoring...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787385/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-to-explore-the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-interventions-in-improving-fatigue-dyspnea-and-depression-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#6
Catherine L Henshall, Lizzie Allin, Helen Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survival rates are increasing; however, lung cancer survivors' mental and physical well-being can suffer from experiencing symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, and depression. Exercise can improve these symptoms. However, no studies have examined the effects of different exercise interventions on these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, dyspnea, and depression in lung cancer survivors...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786947/does-general-experience-affect-self-assessment
#7
Parisa Rezaiefar, Kelly Forse, Joseph K Burns, Sharon Johnston, Elizabeth Muggah, Claire Kendall, Douglas Archibald
BACKGROUND: The assessment of clinical competence is critical in medical education. Understanding the effect of general experience on a physician's self-assessment would help design more effective curricula and evaluations of procedural skills in postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD). In this observational study, we assessed the effect of general experience on the correlation between confidence and competence amongst experienced clinicians (ECs) and postgraduate trainees (PGTs) when learning an office-based procedure in pessary care...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785493/mindset-and-communication-barriers-in-the-diffusion-of-bariatric-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Daniel Gero, Bors Hulesch, Marco Bueter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cumulating evidence is available to demonstrate the efficacy of bariatric surgery (BS) in achieving weight loss and optimizing comorbidities. However, currently, only a minority of eligible patients approaches bariatric centers. The underuse of BS can no longer be explained by the lack of evidence supporting its beneficial outcomes along with its favorable safety-profile, rather, by the supporting infrastructure, insurance coverage, and mindset of society, including potential patients and allied healthcare professionals...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785094/association-of-health-literacy-and-medication-self-efficacy-with-medication-adherence-and-diabetes-control
#9
Yen-Ming Huang, Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Paul D Smith
Introduction: The exact pathway linking health literacy, self-efficacy, medication adherence, and glycemic control for type 2 diabetes remains unclear. Understanding the relationship between patient factors, medication adherence, and lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) may help patients better manage their disease. This study examined the association of health literacy and medication self-efficacy with self-reported diabetes medication adherence, and the association of health literacy, medication self-efficacy, and self-reported diabetes medication adherence with HbA1c of patients with type 2 diabetes...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784634/evaluation-of-app-based-serious-gaming-as-a-training-method-in-teaching-chest-tube-insertion-to-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783981/implementing-integrated-services-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-primary-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Raquel Catalao, Tigist Eshetu, Ruth Tsigebrhan, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In order to tackle the considerable treatment gap for epilepsy in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a task sharing model is recommended whereby care is integrated into primary health services. However, there are limited data on implementation and impact of such services in LMICs. Our study aimed to explore the perspectives of service users and caregivers on the accessibility, experience and perceived impact of epilepsy treatment received in a task-shared model in a rural district of Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#12
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782297/treatment-of-scabies-and-pediculosis-in-health-education-publications-and-folk-medicine-of-eastern-croatia-slavonija-baranja-and-western-srijem-county
#13
Ivanka Muršić, Igor Kuric, Marija Raguž, Tatjana Kovačević, Dora Muršić
Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781180/identifying-predictive-behavioral-markers-a-demonstration-using-automatically-reinforced-self-injurious-behavior
#14
Louis P Hagopian, Griffin W Rooker, Gayane Yenokyan
Predictive biomarkers (PBioMs) are objective biological measures that predict response to medical treatments for diseases. The current study translates methods used in the field of precision medicine to identify PBioMs to identify parallel predictive behavioral markers (PBMs), defined as objective behavioral measures that predict response to treatment. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by examining the accuracy of two PBMs for automatically reinforced self-injurious behavior (ASIB). Results of the analysis indicated both functioned as good to excellent PBMs...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780125/physical-disabilities-related-to-the-depressive-mental-states-of-japanese-patients-with-subacute-myelo-optico-neuropathy
#15
Tetsuro Konishi
Objective The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical conditions related to the depressive mental states in Japanese patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON), caused by clioquinol intoxication more than 40 years previously. Materials and methods The changes in the mental states with aging were investigated in 25 Japanese SMON patients (mean age: 77.2 years old, range: 53-90) using a Japanese version of the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (J-SDS) questionnaires with supportive interviews by the clinical psychotherapist and medical checkup records...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779999/peer-assisted-learning-model-enhances-clinical-clerk-s-procedural-skills
#16
Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ling-Yu Yang, Chen-Huan Chen, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chih Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Failure to transfer procedural skills learned in a laboratory to the bedside is commonly due to a lack of peer support/stimulation. A digital platform (Facebook) allows new clinical clerks to share experiences and tips that help augment their procedural skills in a peer-assisted learning/teaching method. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the innovation of using the digital platform to support the transfer of laboratory-trained procedural skills in the clinical units...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778017/the-preconception-care-experiences-of-women-with-epilepsy-on-sodium-valproate
#17
Lorna Lawther, Helen Dolk, Marlene Sinclair, Jim Morrow
PURPOSE: To understand the preconception experiences of women with epilepsy who have been taking the teratogenic drug valproate. METHODS: Seven women were recruited, three from a preconception clinic and four from an antenatal clinic in a region of the UK. All had taken valproate preconceptionally. Three preconception clinic encounters were observed and audio-recorded. Interviews with all women were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Women experienced a "trajectory of balance"...
May 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#18
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771691/the-relationship-between-the-learning-and-patient-safety-climates-of-clinical-departments-and-residents-patient-safety-behaviors
#19
Milou E W M Silkens, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cordula Wagner, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Improving residents' patient safety behavior should be a priority in graduate medical education to ensure the safety of current and future patients. Supportive learning and patient safety climates may foster this behavior. This study examined the extent to which residents' self-reported patient safety behavior can be explained by the learning climate and patient safety climate of their clinical departments. METHOD: The authors collected learning climate data from clinical departments in the Netherlands that used the web-based Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test between September 2015 and October 2016...
May 15, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770800/current-and-future-circulating-biomarkers-for-cardiac-amyloidosis
#20
REVIEW
Marco Luciani, Luca Troncone, Federica Del Monte
Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) comprises a heterogeneous group of medical conditions affecting the myocardium. It presents with proteinaceous infiltration with variable degrees of severity, prevalence and evolution. Despite this heterogeneity, erroneous protein folding is the common pathophysiologic process, yielding the formation of a single misfolded protein (monomer) that progressively evolves and ultimately forms amyloid fibers. Additionally, by seeding out from the organs of origin, intermediates called oligomers metastasize and restart the process...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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