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Prenatal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#1
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888055/dietary-choline-levels-modify-the-effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-rats
#2
Nirelia M Idrus, Kristen R Breit, Jennifer D Thomas
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a range of physical and behavioral alterations; however, the outcome among children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy varies widely. Some of this variation may be due to nutritional factors. Indeed, higher rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are observed in countries where malnutrition is prevalent. Epidemiological studies have shown that many pregnant women throughout the world may not be consuming adequate levels of choline, an essential nutrient critical for brain development, and a methyl donor...
November 23, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864405/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-neuropsychological-development-in-young-children-the-role-of-fish-consumption
#3
Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Joan Forns, Adonina Tardon, Ainara Andiarena, Jesús Vioque, Jesús Ibarluzea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Marisa Rebagliato, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury exposure is increased during early development. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury and child neuropsychological development in high-fish-intake areas in Spain. METHODS: Study subjects were 1362 children, participants in the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort study. Cord blood total mercury (CB-Hg) and cord polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations were analysed in samples collected between 2004 and 2008...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854496/parent-and-clinician-perspectives-on-sustained-behavior-change-after-a-prenatal-obesity-program-a-qualitative-study
#4
Emily F Gregory, Matthew A Goldshore, Nakiya N Showell, Marquita C Genies, Mariel E Harding, Janice L Henderson
BACKGROUND: Infants of obese women are at a high risk for development of obesity. Prenatal interventions targeting gestational weight gain among obese women have not demonstrated consistent benefits for infant growth trajectories. METHODS: To better understand why such programs may not influence infant growth, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 mothers who participated in a prenatal nutrition intervention for women with BMI 30 kg/m(2) or greater, and with 19 clinicians (13 pediatric, 6 obstetrical)...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845942/outcome-differences-between-simple-and-complex-gastroschisis
#5
Vesna Milojkovic Marinovic, Maija Lukac, Zeljko Mikovic, Blagoje Grujic, Maja Milickovic, Gordana Samardzija, Aleksandra Stojanovic, Dalibor Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: We reviewed differences of the outcome of newborn with simple and complex gastroschisis treated at our institution over the past fifteen years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all infants with gastroschisis treated at the Institute for mother and child health care, Belgrade, between 2001 and 2015 (n=70). Premature infants (<34 weeks of gestation) and babies with birth weight less than 1500 g were excluded (n=5). We compared outcomes in infants with simple gastroschisis and those with complex gastroschisis...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836357/does-the-ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-to-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-procedure-change-morbidity-outcomes-for-high-risk-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-survivors
#6
Hester F Shieh, Jay M Wilson, Catherine A Sheils, C Jason Smithers, Virginia S Kharasch, Ronald E Becker, Mollie Studley, Donna Morash, Terry L Buchmiller
PURPOSE: In high-risk congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), significant barotrauma or death can occur before extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be initiated. We previously examined ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT)-to-ECMO in our most severe CDH patients, but demonstrated no survival advantage. We now report morbidity outcomes in survivors of this high-risk cohort to determine whether EXIT-to-ECMO conferred any benefit. METHODS: All CDH survivors with <15% predicted lung volume (PPLV) from September 1999 to December 2010 were included...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826783/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-partnered-mothers-and-fathers-from-a-longitudinal-cohort
#7
Brenda M Y Leung, Nicole L Letourneau, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Martha Hart
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressful life events...
November 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822567/lifestyle-modification-intervention-for-overweight-and-obese-hispanic-pregnant-women-development-implementation-lessons-learned-and-future-applications
#8
Roxana Torres, Sandra Soltero, Maria Angelica Trak, Carolyn M Tucker, Keimari Mendez, Maribel Campos, Walter Willett, Marytere Melendez, Mathew W Gillman, Paul W Franks, Kaumudi Joshipura, Jeremy Pomeroy, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, implementation and lessons learned of lifestyle intervention to promote appropriate gestational weight gain among Hispanic pregnant women. DESIGN: The intervention was informed by an empowerment oriented theoretical framework, and targeted women in the Pregnancy and Early Life Improvement Study. METHODS: The nutrition component consisted of recommendations for total calories, food quantity and improving carbohydrate and fat quality...
August 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822319/effect-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation-on-the-infant-epigenome-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Susan J van Dijk, Jing Zhou, Timothy J Peters, Michael Buckley, Brodie Sutcliffe, Yalchin Oytam, Robert A Gibson, Andrew McPhee, Lisa N Yelland, Maria Makrides, Peter L Molloy, Beverly S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating that nutritional exposures in utero can influence health outcomes in later life. Animal studies and human epidemiological studies have implicated epigenetic modifications as playing a key role in this process, but there are limited data from large well-controlled human intervention trials. This study utilized a large double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial to test whether a defined nutritional exposure in utero, in this case docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), could alter the infant epigenome...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806977/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-choline-supplementation-in-school-aged-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#10
Tanya T Nguyen, Rashmi D Risbud, Sarah N Mattson, Christina D Chambers, Jennifer D Thomas
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure results in a broad range of cognitive and behavioral impairments. Because of the long-lasting problems that are associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), the development of effective treatment programs is critical. Preclinical animal studies have shown that choline, which is an essential nutrient, can attenuate the severity of alcohol-related cognitive impairments. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to translate preclinical findings to a clinical population to investigate whether choline supplementation can ameliorate the severity of memory, executive function, and attention deficits in children with FASDs...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798335/a-prenatal-multiple-micronutrient-supplement-produces-higher-maternal-vitamin-b-12-concentrations-and-similar-folate-ferritin-and-zinc-concentrations-as-the-standard-60-mg-iron-plus-400-%C3%AE-g-folic-acid-supplement-in-rural-bangladeshi-women
#11
Shirin Ziaei, Anisur Rahman, Rubhana Raqib, Bo Lönnerdal, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
BACKGROUND: The effects of prenatal food and micronutrient supplementation on maternal micronutrient status are not well known. OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy and effectiveness of 3 different micronutrient supplements on maternal micronutrient status when combined with food supplementation. METHODS: In the MINIMat (Maternal and Infant Nutrition Intervention, Matlab) trial in Bangladesh, 4436 pregnant women were randomly assigned to daily intake of 3 types of micronutrient capsules: 30 mg Fe and 400 μg folic acid (Fe30F), 60 mg Fe and 400 μg folic acid (Fe60F), or multiple micronutrient supplements (MMNs) combined with early (week 9 of pregnancy) or usual (week 20 of pregnancy) food supplementation in a 2 by 3 factorial design...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793223/gut-to-brain-axis-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-central-role-for-the-microbiome
#12
A D Kraneveld, K Szklany, C G M de Theije, J Garssen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders, which occur in early childhood and persist into adulthood. Although the etiology of these disorders is largely unknown, genetic and environmental factors are thought to interplay in the development of ASD. Intestinal microbial dysbiosis, in prenatal and postnatal phases, is an important example of these environmental factors, and gastrointestinal problems including adverse reactions to foods are often reported in these children. In this review, we address the clinical and preclinical findings on the role of the intestinal microbiome in ASD and suggest possible underlying mechanisms...
2016: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792475/participation-of-african-americans-in-e-health-and-m-health-studies-a-systematic-review
#13
Delores C James, Cedric Harville, Cynthia Sears, Orisatalabi Efunbumi, Irina Bondoc
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AA) experience high levels of health disparities for several diseases, yet remain underrepresented in clinical trials and other types of research. The high ownership of smartphones among AA puts them in a unique position to be recruited into e-Health/m-Health interventions. OBJECTIVE: This article is a systematic review of the participation of AA in e-Health/m-Health interventions, the diseases/health conditions targeted, and the recruitment and retention strategies used...
October 28, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788773/maternal-choline-supplementation-in-a-sheep-model-of-first-trimester-binge-alcohol-fails-to-protect-against-brain-volume-reductions-in-peripubertal-lambs
#14
Sharla M Birch, Mark W Lenox, Joe N Kornegay, Beatriz Paniagua, Martin A Styner, Charles R Goodlett, Tim A Cudd, Shannon E Washburn
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading potentially preventable birth defect. Poor nutrition may contribute to adverse developmental outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure, and supplementation of essential micronutrients such as choline has shown benefit in rodent models. The sheep model of first-trimester binge alcohol exposure was used in this study to model the dose of maternal choline supplementation used in an ongoing prospective clinical trial involving pregnancies at risk for FASD. Primary outcome measures including volumetrics of the whole brain, cerebellum, and pituitary derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 6-month-old lambs, testing the hypothesis that alcohol-exposed lambs would have brain volume reductions that would be ameliorated by maternal choline supplementation...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785155/improper-hydration-induces-global-gene-expression-changes-associated-with-renal-development-in-infant-mice
#15
Chong-Su Kim, Dong-Mi Shin
BACKGROUND: The kidney is a major organ in which fluid balance and waste excretion is regulated. For the kidney to achieve maturity with functions, normal renal developmental processes need to occur. Comprehensive genetic programs underlying renal development during the prenatal period have been widely studied. However, postnatal renal development, from infancy to the juvenile period, has not been studied yet. Here, we investigated whether structural and functional kidney development was still ongoing in early life by analyzing the renal transcriptional networks of infant (4 weeks old) and juvenile (7 weeks old) mice...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784201/iodine-supplementation-in-women-during-preconception-pregnancy-and-lactation-current-clinical-practice-by-u-s-obstetricians-and-midwives
#16
Simone De Leo, Elizabeth N Pearce, Lewis E Braverman
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem throughout the world, especially for pregnant women, and it is considered the most common cause of preventable intellectual impairment. In the United States, iodine status in pregnant women is considered mildly deficient. Therefore, the Endocrine Society, the American Thyroid Association, the Teratology Society, and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that women receive prenatal vitamins containing 150 µg of iodine daily during preconception, pregnancy, and lactation...
October 26, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763985/early-life-experiences-and-telomere-length-in-adult-rhesus-monkeys-an-exploratory-study
#17
Lisa M Schneper, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Daniel A Notterman, Stephen J Suomi
OBJECTIVE: Child-rearing environments have been associated with morbidity in adult rhesus monkeys. We examine whether such links are also seen with leukocyte telomere length. METHODS: To determine telomere length in leukocytes, blood was collected from 11 adult female monkeys aged 7 to 10 years who had been exposed to different rearing environments between birth and 7 months. Four had been reared with their mothers in typical social groups composed of other female monkeys, their offspring, and 1 to 2 adult male monkeys...
November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762181/prenatal-maternal-bereavement-and-mortality-in-the-first-decades-of-life-a-nationwide-cohort-study-from-denmark-and-sweden
#18
Y Yu, S Cnattingius, J Olsen, E T Parner, M Vestergaard, Z Liew, N Zhao, J Li
BACKGROUND: The loss of a close relative is one of the most stressful life events. In pregnancy, this experience has been associated with a higher risk of fetal death and under-five mortality, but little is known about potential effects on long-term mortality in offspring. We examined the association between prenatal maternal bereavement and mortality in a cohort of 5.3 million children followed until up to 37 years of age. METHOD: The population-based cohort study included 5 253 508 live singleton births in Denmark (1973-2004) and Sweden (1973-2006)...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752868/perinatal-depression-among-hiv-infected-women-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-prenatal-depression-predicts-lower-rates-of-exclusive-breastfeeding
#19
Emily L Tuthill, Jennifer A Pellowski, Sera L Young, Lisa M Butler
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) provides infants with optimal nutrition, and together with appropriate antiretroviral therapy has also been shown to decrease mother-to-child transmission of HIV from 45 to less than 1 %. However, rates of EBF are particularly low in South Africa, where rates of HIV are some of the highest in the world. Although perinatal depression has been identified as a potential barrier to EBF, little is known about its impact on EBF among HIV-infected women. A cohort study was conducted as part of a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining the effect of an Information, Motivation and Behavioral skills-based intervention promoting EBF among South African women living with HIV in their third trimester (28-42 weeks) of pregnancy...
October 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705751/before-and-after-nutritional-transformation-of-dysmorphism-in-a-case-of-costello-syndrome
#20
Annie T G Chiu, Lixing Zhu, Gary T K Mok, Gordon K C Leung, C B Chow, Brian H Y Chung
Costello syndrome is a type of RASopathy mapped to HRAS gene in chromosome 11, characterized by prenatal overgrowth, postnatal failure to thrive, classic facial gestalt and multisystem involvement including cardiomyopathy and intellectual disability. We present a 7 months old child with severe failure to thrive whose "subtle" facial dysmorphism at the time eluded clinical recognition of the syndrome. It was only with optimization of his nutritional status that dysmorphic features became more apparent, which affirmed the molecular diagnosis of Costello syndrome from exome sequencing...
October 2, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
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