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Prenatal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#1
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542302/influence-of-catch-up-growth-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-a-mouse-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#2
Cristina Duran Fernandez-Feijoo, Cristina Carrasco Carrasco, Núria Villalmazo Francisco, Judit Cebrià Romero, Jose Ramon Fernández Lorenzo, J C Jiménez-Chillaron, Marta Camprubí Camprubí
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and rapid postnatal weight gain or catch up growth (CUG) increase the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome during adult life. Longitudinal studies have also revealed a high incidence of learning difficulties in children with IUGR. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of nutrition and CUG on learning memory in an IUGR animal model. We hypothesized that synaptic protein expression and transcription, an essential mechanism for memory consolidation, might be affected by intrauterine undernutrition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540158/childhood-obesity-is-a-high-risk-factor-for-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-control-study-in-vietnam
#3
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Tuyet, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Yang Tao, Dinh-Toi Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and obesity status among Viet-namese adolescents. METHODS: In this case-control study, 282 adolescents (6-11 years), including 88 obese cases and 194 normal-weight controls, were recruited from a population-based cross-sectional study from two provinces in Vietnam. The anthropometric, blood lipid, and other laboratory test results of the study subjects were analyzed. RESULTS: Obese children tended to have more visceral fat (Pearson's r = 0...
April 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537130/qualitative-assessment-of-key-messages-about-nutrition-and-weight-gain-in-pregnancy-in-printed-educational-materials-in-alberta
#4
Laura Forbes, Janis Baarda, Maria Mayan, Rhonda C Bell
Printed educational materials are a common source of health information, although their effectiveness in improving women's knowledge or self-care in pregnancy has been questioned. This study describes the information in printed educational materials that address healthy eating during pregnancy and gestational weight gain (GWG) that are currently used in Alberta, Canada. Content of 6 resources was analyzed using a constant comparison qualitative approach. Resources emphasized healthy eating, prenatal supplements, folate supplementation, and healthy weight gain...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532855/long-term-influence-of-prenatal-high-sucrose-intake-on-learning-and-memory-of-aged-rat-offspring-with-oxidative-stress-and-disruptions-in-nmdars-wnt-signaling-in-hippocampus
#5
Axin He, Yingying Zhang, Lingjun Li, Xueqin Feng, Bin Wei, Di Zhu, Yanping Liu, Lei Wu, Lubo Zhang, Zhice Xu, Miao Sun
Maternal over-nutrition may increase risks of various diseases in the offspring. Our recent work demonstrated that prenatal high sucrose (HS) could impair spatial acquisitionin the adolescentoffspringrats. This study investigated whether prenatal HS has a long-term impact on cognitive capabilities in the aged offspring rats. The aged HS offspring showed impaired glucose tolerance, significantly increased fasting insulin and insulin resistance index, with unchanged plasma glucose. In the navigation test, the aged HS offspring exhibited longer escape latency and longer swimming path length to the platform...
May 19, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526030/prenatal-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-dysregulation-of-infant-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-function-findings-from-the-apron-cohort-study
#6
Gerald F Giesbrecht, Maede Ejaredar, Jiaying Liu, Jenna Thomas, Nicole Letourneau, Tavis Campbell, Jonathan W Martin, Deborah Dewey
BACKGROUND: Animal models show that prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure leads to sexually dimorphic disruption of the neuroendocrine system in offspring, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) neuroendocrine system, but human data are lacking. In humans, prenatal BPA exposure is associated with sex-specific behavioural problems in children, and HPA axis dysregulation may be a biological mechanism. The objective of the current study was to examine sex differences in associations between prenatal maternal urinary BPA concentration and HPA axis function in 3 month old infants...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525296/influence-of-the-5a-s-counseling-strategy-on-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#7
Katie O Washington Cole, Kimberly A Gudzune, Sara N Bleich, Wendy L Bennett, Lawrence J Cheskin, Janice L Henderson, Laura E Caulfield, Yue Guan, Debra L Roter
BACKGROUND: Healthy weight gain during pregnancy may improve health outcomes for women and infants. The objective of this study was to examine providers' use of the 5A's (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, and Arrange) in discussions of weight, nutrition, and physical activity during prenatal visits and evaluate the effect of this approach on gestational weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied audio recordings of prenatal visits between 22 obstetrics providers and 120 of their patients, coding visits for providers' use of the 5A's...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523877/mother-nature-in-eczema-maternal-factors-influencing-atopic-dermatitis
#8
REVIEW
Alexandra R Vaughn, Paige Tannhauser, Raja K Sivamani, Vivian Y Shi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disease. Current knowledge about the etiology of AD suggests that it is multifactorial and involves the interaction of several factors, including environmental triggers, genetics, immunologic factors, and skin barrier dysfunction. The prenatal environment has a significant influence on fetal development, including the maturation of skin barrier function. This review summarizes maternal factors that have been reported to influence the development of AD in offspring, including maternal genetics, nutrition, breastfeeding, environment, and behaviors...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515164/mrna-levels-of-placental-iron-and-zinc-transporter-genes-are-upregulated-in-gambian-women-with-low-iron-and-zinc-status
#9
Modou Lamin Jobarteh, Harry J McArdle, Grietje Holtrop, Ebrima A Sise, Andrew M Prentice, Sophie E Moore
Background: The role of the placenta in regulating micronutrient transport in response to maternal status is poorly understood.Objective: We investigated the effect of prenatal nutritional supplementation on the regulation of placental iron and zinc transport.Methods: In a randomized trial in rural Gambia [ENID (Early Nutrition and Immune Development)], pregnant women were allocated to 1 of 4 nutritional intervention arms: 1) iron and folic acid (FeFol) tablets (FeFol group); 2) multiple micronutrient (MMN) tablets (MMN group); 3) protein energy (PE) as a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS; PE group); and 4) PE and MMN (PE+MMN group) as LNS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507637/factors-influencing-antenatal-haematinics-prescription-behaviour-of-physicians-in-calabar-nigeria
#10
Ubong Akpan, Thomas Agan, Emmanuel Monjok, Chinedu Okpara, Saturday Etuk
BACKGROUND: Routine iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnancy have been proved to be effective in reducing the prevalence and morbidities of anaemia. However, there is limited data regarding the prescription habits of physician obstetric care givers. AIM: This study set to investigate the attitudes and factors which influence the practice among physicians in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross-sectional survey was conducted among randomly recruited physician offering antenatal services between August and September 2015...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498832/prenatal-exposure-to-the-great-chinese-famine-and-mid-age-hypertension
#11
Lei Wu, Xueqin Feng, Axin He, Yi Ding, Xiuwen Zhou, Zhice Xu
BACKGROUND: One of the most terrible famines last century was Great Chinese Famine (GCF) in 1959~1961 when millions of people died from starving. Under-nutrition during famine between the Western and Eastern (Dutch Hungry vs. GCF) was similar, while cardiovascular consequences might not be the same. Addressing such questions may gain new insight into prevention of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 18,593 participants aged 43-49 years of old, was from Suzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#12
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471956/reduced-maternal-calcium-intake-through-nutrition-and-supplementation-is-associated-with-adverse-conditions-for-both-the-women-and-their-infants-in-a-chinese-population
#13
Xiaohong Liu, Xinjia Wang, Yue Tian, Zhixin Yang, Li Lin, Qing Lin, Zhonghao Zhang, Li Li
Effective nutritional guidelines for pregnant women in China are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary nutrition on the health condition of pregnant women and infants in China.In total, 331 pregnant women who had prenatal examinations were included in this study. Data, including dietary nutrition questionnaires, the weight, height, age, and health condition of the pregnant women as well as the health condition of the infants, were recorded.The average intake of milk, poultry and meat, fish and prawns, eggs, and bean products were 297...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464867/a-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-different-bundles-of-nutrition-specific-interventions-in-improving-mean-length-for-age-z-score-among-children-at-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol
#14
Sk Masum Billah, Tarana E Ferdous, Mohd Anisul Karim, Michael J Dibley, Shahreen Raihana, Md Moinuddin, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, D M Emdadul Hoque, Purnima Menon, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh is 36%, varying with geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Previously, research groups statistically modelled the effect of 10 individual nutrition-specific interventions targeting the critical first 1000 days of life from conception, on lives saved and costs incurred in countries with the highest burden of stunted children. However, primary research on the combined effects of these interventions is limited...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443816/segmental-volvulus-in-the-neonate-a-particular-clinical-entity
#15
Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Sylvie Beaudoin, Blandine Marion, Véronique Rousseau, Agnes Giuseppi, Muriel Nicloux, David Grevent, Laurent J Salomon, Yves Aigrain, Alexandre Lapillonne, Sabine Sarnacki
BACKGROUND: Complete intestinal volvulus is mainly related to congenital anomalies of the so-called intestinal malrotation, whereas segmental volvulus appears as a distinct entity, mostly observed during the perinatal period. Because these two situations are still lumped together, the aim of this study was to describe the particular condition of neonatal segmental volvulus. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the circumstances of diagnosis and management of 17 consecutives neonates operated for segmental volvulus more than a 10-year period in a single institution...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443508/nutritional-deficiency-in-early-life-facilitates-aging-associated-cognitive-decline
#16
Yu Kang, Yun Zhang, Zijuan Feng, Mingjing Liu, Yanhua Li, Huan Yang, Dan Wang, Lingling Zheng, Dandan Lou, Liangping Cheng, Chunjiang Chen, Weitao Zhou, Yi Feng, Xiaoyong Li, Jianzhong Duan, Mengjiao Yu, Shou Yang, Yuhang Liu, Xin Wang, Bo Deng, Chenghui Liu, Xiuqing Yao, Chi Zhu, Chunrong Liang, Xiaolong Zeng, Sisi Ren, Qunying Li, Yin Zhong, Yong Zhang, Jun Kang, Yong Yan, Huaqing Meng, Zhaohui Zhong, Weihui Zhou, Yanjiang Wang, Tingyu Li, Weihong Song
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is important for the fetal developmental programming. Nutritional deficiency in early life could increase the susceptibility to many aging-related disorders including cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to investigate the effect of early famine exposure on aging-associated cognitive function. METHODS: We recruited 6790 subjects born between 1956 to 1964 during which the Great Chinese Famine occurred (1959-1961)...
April 24, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#17
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#18
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430291/status-of-the-brain-antioxidant-system-at-different-growing-periods-after-prenatal-stress-and-n-acetyl-cysteine-administration
#19
Liegelin Kavitha Bernhardt, Sampath Madhyastha, Lakshminarayana Bairy, Anoop Kishore
<i>Prenatal stress-induced neurobehavioral deficits observed in offspring are multifactorial, including oxidative stress in the developing brain. The time by which the developing brain acquires self-defense against oxidative stress is not clear. Hence in the present study we aimed to evaluate the brain antioxidant status during different developing periods. Further the study also evaluates the role of the glutathione precursor, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on the brain antioxidant status. Pregnant rats were subjected to restraint stress during an early or late gestational period...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420495/fetal-programming-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Aleksandra Marciniak, Jolanta Patro-Małysza, Żaneta Kimber-Trojnar, Beata Marciniak, Jan Oleszczuk, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak
Prenatal development is currently recognized as a critical period in the etiology of human diseases. This is particularly so when an unfavorable environment interacts with a genetic predisposition. The fetal programming concept suggests that maternal nutritional imbalance and metabolic disturbances may have a persistent and intergenerational effect on the health of offspring and on the risk of diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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