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Prenatal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#1
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#2
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063804/feasibility-and-potential-benefits-of-a-self-monitoring-enhanced-lifestyle-intervention-to-prevent-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-in-women-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#3
Carol Shieh, Ziyi Yang, David M Haas, Janet S Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. DESIGN: A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. SETTING: Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m(2), without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061039/long-term-breastfeeding-in-african-american-mothers
#4
Tyra Toston Gross, Marsha Davis, Alex K Anderson, Jori Hall, Karen Hilyard
BACKGROUND: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 39.1% of African American infants are breastfed at 6 months. However, few studies have explored the breastfeeding experiences of African American women who successfully breastfeed to 6 months or longer durations. Research aim: The goal of this qualitative study was to explore the long-term breastfeeding experiences of low-income African American women using the positive deviance approach. METHODS: African American women with breastfeeding experience were recruited through Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counselors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034661/cross-fostering-elucidating-the-effects-of-gene%C3%A3-environment-interactions-on-phenotypic-development
#5
REVIEW
Richard McCarty
Cross-fostering of litters from soon after birth until weaning is a valuable tool to study the ways in which gene×environment interactions program the development of neural, physiological and behavioral characteristics of mammalian species. In laboratory mice and rats, the primary focus of this review, cross-fostering of litters between mothers of different strains or treatment groups (intraspecific) or between mothers of different species (interspecific) has been conducted over the past 9 decades. Areas of particular interest have included maternal effects on emotionality, social preferences, responses to stressful stimulation, nutrition and growth, blood pressure regulation, and epigenetic effects on brain development and behavior...
December 26, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012571/perinatal-nutrition-interventions-and-post-partum-depressive-symptoms
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Gould, Karen Best, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mood disorder associated with childbirth. No single cause of PPD has been identified, however the increased risk of nutritional deficiencies incurred through the high nutritional requirements of pregnancy may play a role in the pathology of depressive symptoms. Three nutritional interventions have drawn particular interest as possible non-invasive and cost-effective prevention and/or treatment strategies for PPD; omega-3 (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), vitamin D and overall diet...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998308/semilobar-holoprosencephaly-in-a-12-month-old-baby-boy-born-to-a-primigravida-patient-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-report
#7
Pedro Pallangyo, Frederick Lyimo, Paulina Nicholaus, Hilda Makungu, Maria Mtolera, Isaac Mawenya
BACKGROUND: Holoprosencephaly is a rare spectrum of cephalic disorders resulting from a failure or incomplete division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres. It is the most common brain malformation with an incidence of 1:250 during embryogenesis; however, owing to the associated high rates of spontaneous abortion the incidence is 1:16,000 among live deliveries. Pathogenesis of holoprosencephaly is complex and heterogeneous involving genetic abnormalities, teratogenic exposures, and syndromic associations...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991987/-does-public-health-insurance-improve-health-care-the-case-of-prenatal-care-for-adolescents-in-mexico
#8
Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Blair G Darney, Hortensia Reyes-Morales, Edson Serván-Mori
Objective: To test the association between public health insurance and adequate prenatal care among female adolescents in Mexico. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study, using the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2000, 2006, and 2012.We included 3 978 (N=4 522 296) adolescent (12-19) women who reported a live birth.We used logistic regression models to test the association of insurance and adequate (timeliness, frequency and content) prenatal care. Results: The multivariable predicted probability of timely and frequent prenatal care improved over time, from 0...
September 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968929/nutrition-and-skin-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#9
Meagen McCusker, Robert Sidbury
There has been a surge of new data regarding the pathophysiology of skin diseases. We are appreciating the sophisticated interplay among the skin, the immune system, and the environment. More elegant and highly specific medicines have been designed to target certain immune mediators of the adaptive immune system. In parallel fashion, we are learning more about the elegance of the innate immune system and how nutrition as early as the prenatal period can affect the priming of other immune cells. Concerns about the long-term impact of new immune-modulating medicines-especially in the pediatric population-have patients asking their dermatologists for nutritional alternatives to medical therapies...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942367/digit-length-ratios-2d-4d-as-a-phenotypic-indicator-of-in-utero-androgen-exposure-is-not-prognostic-for-androgenic-alopecia-a-descriptive-analytic-study-of-1200-iranian-men
#10
Amir Feily, Masoomeh Hosseinpoor, Ali Bakhti, Mohamad Nekuyi, Saeed Sobhanian, Zahra Fathinezhad, Reza Sahraei, Marigdalia K Ramirez-Fort
The etiology of androgenic alopecia (AGA) involves several factors, including genetics, androgens, age and nutrition. Digit-length ratio of the index and ring finger (2D:4D) is an indicator of prenatal exposure to sex hormones. There is a paucity of studies that systemically review the possible positive predictive value of 2D:4D in the development of AGA. We performed a single-site, descriptive-analytical study among a racially homogeneous population. Our results revealed that no significant association was determined between right 2D:4D and AGA severity within our entire population (P=0...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940699/mechanistic-pathways-from-early-gestation-through-infancy-and-neurodevelopment
#11
Sangshin Park, David C Bellinger, Meredith Adamo, Brady Bennett, Nam-Kyong Choi, Palmera I Baltazar, Edna B Ayaso, Donna Bella S Monterde, Veronica Tallo, Remigio M Olveda, Luz P Acosta, Jonathan D Kurtis, Jennifer F Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathways through which pre- and postnatal factors directly or indirectly affect infant neurodevelopment at 12 months of age among Filipino infants. METHODS: The Bayley Scales of Infant Development, third edition was used to assess the development of 314 infants of mothers enrolled in a trial examining the safety and efficacy of praziquantel during pregnancy. Maternal covariates included socioeconomic status, iron and nutritional status, cognitive performance, and alcohol intake...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940670/environmental-enteric-dysfunction-and-growth-failure-stunting-in-global-child-health
#12
REVIEW
Victor Owino, Tahmeed Ahmed, Michael Freemark, Paul Kelly, Alexander Loy, Mark Manary, Cornelia Loechl
Approximately 25% of the world's children aged <5 years have stunted growth, which is associated with increased mortality, cognitive dysfunction, and loss of productivity. Reducing by 40% the number of stunted children is a global target for 2030. The pathogenesis of stunting is poorly understood. Prenatal and postnatal nutritional deficits and enteric and systemic infections clearly contribute, but recent findings implicate a central role for environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a generalized disturbance of small intestinal structure and function found at a high prevalence in children living under unsanitary conditions...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935152/intellectual-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-at-school-age
#13
Maya Asami, Atsushi Kamei, Misato Nakakarumai, Satoko Shirasawa, Manami Akasaka, Nami Araya, Sachiko Tanifuji, Shoichi Chida
BACKGROUND: The survival rate of extremely preterm (EP) infants (<28 weeks of gestation) has improved dramatically, and there is great interest in their long-term prognoses. This study aims to elucidate the influence of prenatal and postnatal care on long-term intellectual outcomes in EP infants. METHODS: Subjects were EP infants who were admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit from 1982 to 2005. The survival rate and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 years of age were analyzed for the periods of 1982-1991 (period 1) and 1992-2005 (period 2)...
December 9, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927634/prenatal-exposure-to-famine-and-the-development-of-hyperglycemia-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adulthood-across-consecutive-generations-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-families-in-suihua-china
#14
Jie Li, Simin Liu, Songtao Li, Rennan Feng, Lixin Na, Xia Chu, Xiaoyan Wu, Yucun Niu, Zongxiang Sun, Tianshu Han, Haoyuan Deng, Xing Meng, Huan Xu, Zhe Zhang, Qiannuo Qu, Qiao Zhang, Ying Li, Changhao Sun
BACKGROUND: There has been increased recognition that prenatal or perinatal nutrition has an effect on the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adulthood, although studies that have directly examined whether the effect could be transmitted to the next generation remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of prenatal exposure to the Chinese famine in affecting future T2D risk in adulthood in 2 consecutive generations. DESIGN: A total of 1034 families, including 2068 parents [parental generation (F1)] and 1183 offspring [offspring generation (F2)], were recruited from the Suihua rural area that was affected by the Chinese Famine of 1959-1961...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#15
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888055/dietary-choline-levels-modify-the-effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-rats
#16
Nirelia M Idrus, Kristen R Breit, Jennifer D Thomas
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a range of physical and behavioral alterations; however, the outcome among children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy varies widely. Some of this variation may be due to nutritional factors. Indeed, higher rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are observed in countries where malnutrition is prevalent. Epidemiological studies have shown that many pregnant women throughout the world may not be consuming adequate levels of choline, an essential nutrient critical for brain development, and a methyl donor...
November 23, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864405/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-neuropsychological-development-in-young-children-the-role-of-fish-consumption
#17
Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Joan Forns, Adonina Tardon, Ainara Andiarena, Jesús Vioque, Jesús Ibarluzea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Marisa Rebagliato, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury exposure is increased during early development. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury and child neuropsychological development in high-fish-intake areas in Spain. METHODS: Study subjects were 1362 children, participants in the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort study. Cord blood total mercury (CB-Hg) and cord polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations were analysed in samples collected between 2004 and 2008...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854496/parent-and-clinician-perspectives-on-sustained-behavior-change-after-a-prenatal-obesity-program-a-qualitative-study
#18
Emily F Gregory, Matthew A Goldshore, Nakiya N Showell, Marquita C Genies, Mariel E Harding, Janice L Henderson
BACKGROUND: Infants of obese women are at a high risk for development of obesity. Prenatal interventions targeting gestational weight gain among obese women have not demonstrated consistent benefits for infant growth trajectories. METHODS: To better understand why such programs may not influence infant growth, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 mothers who participated in a prenatal nutrition intervention for women with BMI 30 kg/m(2) or greater, and with 19 clinicians (13 pediatric, 6 obstetrical)...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845942/outcome-differences-between-simple-and-complex-gastroschisis
#19
Vesna Milojkovic Marinovic, Maija Lukac, Zeljko Mikovic, Blagoje Grujic, Maja Milickovic, Gordana Samardzija, Aleksandra Stojanovic, Dalibor Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: We reviewed differences of the outcome of newborn with simple and complex gastroschisis treated at our institution over the past fifteen years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all infants with gastroschisis treated at the Institute for mother and child health care, Belgrade, between 2001 and 2015 (n=70). Premature infants (<34 weeks of gestation) and babies with birth weight less than 1500 g were excluded (n=5). We compared outcomes in infants with simple gastroschisis and those with complex gastroschisis...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836357/does-the-ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-to-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-procedure-change-morbidity-outcomes-for-high-risk-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-survivors
#20
Hester F Shieh, Jay M Wilson, Catherine A Sheils, C Jason Smithers, Virginia S Kharasch, Ronald E Becker, Mollie Studley, Donna Morash, Terry L Buchmiller
PURPOSE: In high-risk congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), significant barotrauma or death can occur before extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be initiated. We previously examined ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT)-to-ECMO in our most severe CDH patients, but demonstrated no survival advantage. We now report morbidity outcomes in survivors of this high-risk cohort to determine whether EXIT-to-ECMO conferred any benefit. METHODS: All CDH survivors with <15% predicted lung volume (PPLV) from September 1999 to December 2010 were included...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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