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psychosomatic pediatric

Tido Von Schoen-Angerer, Elisabeth Helmschmidt, René Madeleyn, Reinhard Kindt, Christoph Möller, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Jan Vagedes
INTRODUCTION: Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) describes children with social withdrawal who become unable to walk, eat, or care for themselves. This case report examines whether an integrative medicine approach is useful for treating PRS. CASE PRESENTATION: A seven-year-old girl with symptoms most consistent with PRS and depression was admitted to a pediatric ward in Germany that integrates conventional pediatric and psychosomatic care with anthroposophic medicine...
September 2, 2016: Permanente Journal
Maria Kaczmarek, Sylwia Trambacz-Oleszak
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between recent stressful life events (SLEs), stress-related symptoms (SRSs), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children beginning primary school. METHODS: A community-based sample of 6- to 8-year-old children (176 boys and 175 girls at baseline) participated in a prospective longitudinal study with three waves of data collection and 1-year interval between subsequent surveys, conducted in the Wielkopolska Province, Poland...
July 27, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Richard J Shaw, Maryland Pao, Jennifer E Holland, David R DeMaso
BACKGROUND: Given the heightened focus on the implementation of integrated care and population health management strategies, there is a critical need for an analysis of pediatric psychosomatic medicine (PPM) programs. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to survey current practice patterns in academic PPM programs in North America regarding their service composition, clinical consultation services, changes in service demand, funding, and major challenges so as to inform and support advocacy efforts on behalf of children in their need for responsive and effective PPM services...
May 21, 2016: Psychosomatics
I Ertoy Karagol, O Yilmaz, A Bakirtas
Adverse reactions to local anesthetics (LA) are commonly reported in patients undergoing dental procedures and other minor surgical procedures. Most of these reactions, however, originate from psychosomatic, vasovagal or toxic conditions and are not immune-mediated. True immune-mediated reactions are considered extremely rare and are estimated to account for less than 1% of all adverse reactions to LA. On the other hand, almost all of the immune-mediated LA reactions that have been reported are related to adult patients...
January 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yong Joo Kim, Eun Jung Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
PURPOSE: Pediatric chest pain is considered to be idiopathic or caused by benign diseases. This study was to find out how much upper gastrointestinal (UGI) diseases are major causes of chest pain in pediatric patients. METHODS: The records of 75 children (42 boys and 33 girls, aged 3-17 years old) who have presented with mainly chest pain from January 1995 to March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Chest X-ray and electrocardiography (ECG) were performed in all aptients...
December 2015: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Cecilia Alejandra Rustoyburu
This article analyzes how the dominance of pediatric psychosomatic medicine in the Argentine medical field caused a transformation in treatments. It shows how, beginning in the 1950s, psy-experts and interdisciplinary approaches found a space at the Hospital de Niños (Children's Hospital) in Buenos Aires; and how the growth of attachment theory made it possible for mothers to stay with their children in hospital. It explains the construction of certain conditions as "family diseases" in a context of declining birthrates...
December 2015: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Chikako Fujii, Ayumi Okada, Tomoko Akagi, Yoshie Shigeyasu, Aya Shimauchi, Mizuho Hosogi, Eriko Munemori, Keiko Ocho, Tsuneo Morishima
BACKGROUND: Some patients cannot draw three subjects on the same page during the synthetic house-tree-person drawing test (S-HTP). We call this phenomenon "no synthetic sign". The aim of this study was to clarify the pathological meaning of no synthetic sign and investigate its use for the early detection of developmental disorders at a pediatric primary care center. METHODS: We administered the S-HTP to 283 people who consulted the child psychosomatic medical clinic of Okayama University Hospital in 2007-2012...
January 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Melissa A Faith, Gabriela Reed, Celia E Heppner, Lillian C Hamill, Tahnae R Tarkenton, Crista W Donewar
Bullying is a common child and adolescent phenomenon that has concurrent and long-term implications for victims' psychological, psychosomatic, social, and academic functioning. Youth with chronic illnesses are at increased risk for being bullied, but few studies have evaluated specific risk and protective factors for medically fragile youth. Despite recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Society for Adolescent Medicine that pediatric health care providers should contribute to bullying prevention and intervention efforts, researchers also have yet to identify the best ways for providers to intervene with medically fragile youth...
May 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Stephan Buderus, Dietmar Scholz, Rolf Behrens, Martin Classen, Jan De Laffolie, Klaus-Michael Keller, Klaus-Peter Zimmer, Sibylle Koletzko
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can arise at any age, with peak incidence in adolescence and young adulthood. A registry of pediatric cases of IBD offers the opportunity to document their diagnosis and treatment, with the ultimate aim of improving diagnosis and treatment in the future. METHODS: In the German-language CEDATA-GPGE registry, 3991 cases of IBD in patients less than 18 years of age were documented from 2004 to 2014. The 1257 patients who were prospectively included in the registry upon diagnosis and whose further course was documented for at least three months were analyzed in two separate groups--under 10 years old, and 10 years and above--with respect to the type and duration of their symptoms until diagnosis, the completeness of the diagnostic evaluation, the disease phenotype, and the initial treatment...
February 20, 2015: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Anca Chiriac, Piotr Brzezinski, Tudor Pinteala, Anca E Chiriac, Liliana Foia
The prevalence of psychosomatic disorders among dermatological patients is high but frequently unreported because of difficulties in diagnosing and treating this patient group. Psychiatric and psychological factors may play different roles in the pathogenic mechanism of some skin diseases. The mainstay of diagnosis and treatment is the differentiation between skin disorders associated with psychiatric illness and those of a purely psychiatric nature. Dermatologists and psychiatrists should be aware of this pathology and work together as a team to resolve difficult cases, especially in children...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Roberta Vallone, Silvia Placidi, Massimo Pennacchia, Simonetta Gentile, Fabrizio Drago
At present, syncope is still a matter of great concern and anxiety for both parents and children. Neurocardiogenic syncope is the most common type of syncope in children with an incidence of 70%. It usually has a benign etiology, with rapid loss of consciousness and spontaneous resolution. In case of neurocardiogenic syncope, it is important to assess the emotional and/or adaptive capacity of the patient. From a psychological point of view, the presence of a traumatic area of development has been reported in pediatric patients with syncope...
October 2014: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1955: Cahiers de Pédiatrie Sociale
J-O Steiß, H Lindemann, B Brosig, K P Zimmer
When treating children or adolescents with chronic disease one should take the specific age-related features of the course of disease, differential diagnosis, and the psychosocial environment, as well as the avoidance of complications and side effects of therapy into account. These may impair the patient's physical and psychosocial development and quality of life in the context of family, school and occupational life. Continued care of growing children from the start of the disease when they are infants to the point when they assume personal responsibility as adults is one of the major concerns of the pediatrician...
December 2013: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Shoji Suzuki, Shinya Motohashi, Masahiko Matsumoto
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are now being used in children. ICDs can be used to prevent sudden cardiac death caused by not only congenital heart defects, but also various non-structural diseases, such as long QT syndrome. However, a standard implantation technique for children, especially infants, has not yet been established. As the surgical implantation in infants is not amenable to transvenous lead placement, it was necessary to choose from epicardial, subcutaneous and pericardial ICD systems...
October 2014: Surgery Today
Ella Ott, Svenja Saathoff, Karolin Graf, Frank Schwab, Iris F Chaberny
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections (NI) increase morbidity and mortality. Studies of their prevalence in single institutions can reveal trends over time and help to identify risk factors. METHODS: In March and April 2010, data were prospectively recorded from all inpatients at the Hannover Medical School (Germany) except those treated in the pediatric, psychosomatic, and psychiatric services. The data were acquired systematically by chart review and by interviews with the medical staff...
August 2013: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
T Cascales, J-P Olives
Feeding disorders and food refusal can be found in 25% of infants, a minority of these disorders has an organic explanation. Failure to thrive and/or severe malnutrition is found in 3-5% of infants in the general population. The authors describe the various phases of the interdisciplinary therapeutic intervention by underlining the advantages and the objectives to integrate therapeutic approaches across professional boundaries. Caregiver-infant relationship disturbances are certainly the most important factor, but the induced psychosomatic conditions also have a multifactorial etiology...
August 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Katja Becker, Franz Resch, Jörg M Fegert, Frank Häßler
OBJECTIVE: Dissemination of knowledge concerning normal and deviant development as well as child and adolescent psychiatric (CAP) disorders with a focus on diagnosis and treatment should represent an integral part of medical training at every medical school. Furthermore, it is of utmost importance that medical students acquire skills in communication and basic psychiatric assessment of children and adolescents. The article summarizes the current state of affairs of teaching in CAP in German medical schools...
July 2013: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Jürg Kollbrunner, Eberhard Seifert
Children with nonorganic voice disorders (NVDs) are treated mainly using direct voice therapy techniques such as the accent method or glottal attack changes and indirect methods such as vocal hygiene and voice education. However, both approaches tackle only the symptoms and not etiological factors in the family dynamics and therefore often enjoy little success. The aim of the "Bernese Brief Dynamic Intervention" (BBDI) for children with NVD was to extend the effectiveness of pediatric voice therapies with a psychosomatic concept combining short-term play therapy with the child and family dynamic counseling of the parents...
September 2013: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Michael Perry, William C Streusand
Psychiatric issues inherently accompany dermatologic disease in children and adolescents. With body image issues being of paramount importance to adolescents, perceived flaws may be accompanied by depression, anxiety, or loss of usual functioning. Children and adolescents also often have difficulties with treatment compliance. Often medical professionals separate symptoms into physical versus psychosomatic. This differentiation is not a useful dichotomy, and interventions should be aimed at both physical and emotional needs simultaneously...
April 2013: Dermatologic Clinics
A Testa, R Giannuzzi, F Sollazzo, L Petrongolo, L Bernardini, S Daini
Psychiatric emergencies are conditions that mostly destabilize the already frenetic activity of the Emergency Department. Sometimes the emergency is clearly referable to primitive psychiatric illness. Other times, psychiatric and organic symptoms can independently coexist (comorbidity), or develop together in different conditions of substance abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs. Differentiating between substance induced and pre-existing psychiatric disorder (dual diagnosis) may be difficult, other than controversial issue...
February 2013: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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