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somatoform disorder pediatric

Capucine Marquis, Nathalie Vabres, Emmanuelle Caldagues, Olivier Bonnot
UNLABELLED: Child abuse represents a contributing factor to develop various psychopathological disorders, such as somatoform disorders. OBJECTIVES: Improving the detection of child abuse, based on the analysis of somatoform disorders and the comparison between non-abused and abused patients, in a population of hospitalized teens in a general pediatric ward. METHODS: A retrospective study at the University Hospital of Nantes, involving every adolescents from 11 to 16 y...
April 2016: La Presse Médicale
Simona Bujoreanu, Edin Randall, Katharine Thomson, Patricia Ibeziako
OBJECTIVES: To describe demographic, diagnostic, and psychosocial characteristics of medically admitted patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews were performed for pediatric patients (ages 3-18 years) seen by the Psychiatry Consultation Service in 2010 and 2011 on inpatient medical/surgical units and diagnosed with somatoform disorders. Data included demographic information; patient medical history, physical symptom characteristics, and service utilization; psychiatric diagnoses, history, and comorbidities, patient temperament, and coping style; family characteristics; and academic and social characteristics...
September 2014: Hospital Pediatrics
Katharine Thomson, Edin Randall, Patricia Ibeziako, I Simona Bujoreanu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe past traumatic experiences in medically-admitted pediatric and young adult patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders and to explore the demographic, diagnostic, and psychosocial differences between those with and without trauma histories. METHODS: Retrospective medical record reviews were performed for patients (aged 3-29 years) seen by the Psychiatry Consultation Service (2010-2011) at a pediatric medical hospital and diagnosed with a somatoform disorder...
November 2014: Psychosomatics
Philip M Becker, Marta Novak
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review describes the differential diagnosis of restless legs syndrome, and provides an overview of the evidence for the associations between RLS and potential comorbidities. Secondary causes of RLS and the characteristics of pediatric RLS are also discussed. Finally, management strategies for RLS are summarized. METHODS: The review began with a comprehensive PubMed search for 'restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease' in combination with the following: anxiety, arthritis, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, cardiac, cardiovascular disease, comorbidities, depression, end-stage renal disease, erectile dysfunction, fibromyalgia, insomnia, kidney disease, liver disease, migraine, mood disorder, multiple sclerosis, narcolepsy, neuropathy, obesity, pain, Parkinson's disease, polyneuropathy, pregnancy, psychiatric disorder, sleep disorder, somatoform pain disorder, and uremia...
August 2014: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Bozena Janiak-Baluch, Gerd Lehmkuhl
Psychological disturbances play an increasingly important role in the pediatric practice. Since the efficacy of early interventions is well proven, screening instruments are of interest that could help pediatrists with the diagnostic procedure. The authors report on the prevalence of psychological disorders and/or somatoform symptoms with their effects on the psychological and health related quality of life in a consecutive representative pediatric population in a rural area. Altogether 511 children, juveniles and their parents participated in the study...
2013: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Sibylle Winter, Carolin Köberle, Klaus Lenz, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl
Somatoform disorders in children and adolescents are common and can cause significantly reduced wellbeing and quality of life. Considerable subjective impairment leads to a high number of doctors' visits, which along with a reoccurrence of negative findings, often results in a sense of helplessness in the patient and a lack of trust towards the physician. The criteria for somatoform disorders are illustrated based on the classification scheme ICD-10 and in consideration of the DSM-V. Referring to Noeker (2008) the special role of the parents for the development of somatoform disorders is explained...
2013: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Sean E Ervin, Jane Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Hospital Pediatrics
Devrim Akdemir, Ozlem Uzun, Berna Pehlivantürk Özsungur, Meral Topçu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) and to identify factors affecting the quality of life in these patients. Thirty-four adolescents with PNESs were compared to 30 adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children, Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) was applied to determine comorbid psychiatric disorders in the study group and to rule out any psychiatric disorder in the control group...
December 2013: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Grace D Shelby, Kezia C Shirkey, Amanda L Sherman, Joy E Beck, Kirsten Haman, Angela R Shears, Sara N Horst, Craig A Smith, Judy Garber, Lynn S Walker
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies link functional abdominal pain (FAP) to anxiety and depression in childhood, but no prospective study has evaluated psychiatric status in adulthood or its relation to pain persistence. METHODS: Pediatric patients with FAP (n = 332) and control subjects (n = 147) were tracked prospectively and evaluated for psychiatric disorders and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) at follow-up in adolescence and young adulthood (mean age = 20...
September 2013: Pediatrics
Mireia Orgilés, José P Espada
BACKGROUND: The Children's Somatization Inventory (CSI) has proved to be a suitable measure to assess somatic symptoms in pediatric patients, but additional research was needed to evaluate its psychometric properties in community populations. PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to examine psychometric properties and factorial structure of the instrument among a nonclinical sample of Spanish children. METHOD: The 24-item version of the CSI and two self-report measures of anxiety and depression were administered to 1,111 Spanish children aged 8 to 12...
June 2014: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Eva Ørnbøl, Per Klausen Fink, Anne Mette Skovgaard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of and factors linked to medical consultation for functional somatic symptoms (FSS) among 5- to 7-year-old children. METHODS: We assessed 1327 children from the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 for FSS at ages 5 to 7 years. Register data on past health care use in general practice were compared between children with and those without parent-reported medical consultation for FSS at the age of 5 to 7 years: respective consulters (n = 96) and nonconsulters (n = 211) and children without FSS (n = 1019)...
August 2013: Pediatrics
Thomas A Coffelt, Benjamin D Bauer, Aaron E Carroll
OBJECTIVE: To define the demographic, diagnostic, procedural, and episode of care characteristics for children admitted with chronic pain. METHODS: We used the Pediatric Health Information System database to obtain data on demographic characteristics, length of stay, readmission rates, diagnoses, and procedures for children admitted with chronic pain. Patients with sickle cell disease, cancer, burns, cerebral palsy, transplants, and ventilator-dependent children were excluded...
August 2013: Pediatrics
Deirdre E Logan, Sara E Williams, Veronica P Carullo, Robyn Lewis Claar, Stephen Bruehl, Charles B Berde
BACKGROUND: Historically, in both adult and pediatric populations, a lack of knowledge regarding complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and absence of clear diagnostic criteria have contributed to the view that this is a primarily psychiatric condition. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that children with CRPS are more functionally disabled, have more pain and are more psychologically distressed than children with other pain conditions. METHODS: A total of 101 children evaluated in a tertiary care pediatric pain clinic who met the International Association for the Study of Pain consensus diagnostic criteria for CRPS participated in the present retrospective study...
March 2013: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Katja Kovacic, Sara Williams, B U K Li, Gisela Chelimsky, Adrian Miranda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of nausea in pediatric patients with pain-associated functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), examine the effect on social and school functioning, and examine the applicability of pediatric Rome III criteria. METHODS: A total of 221 pediatric patients (6-18 years of age) with chronic abdominal pain prospectively completed a demographic, history, and gastrointestinal symptom questionnaire adapted from the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms (QPGS)...
September 2013: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Maria E Perez, Brian Coley, Wallace Crandall, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Terrill Bravender
OBJECTIVE: To examine gastric function, as well as the presence of somatic complaints, anxiety symptoms, and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) before and after nutritional rehabilitation. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen females with AN and 22 healthy controls with similar demographic profiles were included. Gastric emptying (measured as residual gastric volume) and gastric accommodation (measured as postprandial antral diameter) were assessed with abdominal ultrasonography...
September 2013: Journal of Pediatrics
Micol E Gianinazzi, Corina S Rueegg, Laura Wengenroth, Eva Bergstraesser, Johannes Rischewski, Roland A Ammann, Claudia E Kuehni, Gisela Michel
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (i) evaluate psychological distress in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer and compare them to siblings and a norm population; (ii) compare the severity of distress of distressed survivors and siblings with that of psychotherapy patients; and (iii) determine risk factors for psychological distress in survivors. METHODS: We sent a questionnaire to all childhood cancer survivors aged <16 years when diagnosed, who had survived ≥ 5 years and were aged 16-19 years at the time of study...
September 2013: Psycho-oncology
Andrew T Dang, Mona Ho, Kurt Kroenke, Jacqueline Grupp-Phelan
BACKGROUND: Somatization is associated with increased health care use in adults. Whether mothers with somatic symptoms use more health care resources for their children has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association of maternal somatic symptoms and emergency department (ED) use. DESIGN/METHODS: Mothers from a cohort of 319 mother-child dyads were screened for somatic symptoms using the Patient Health Questionnaire 15...
February 2013: Pediatric Emergency Care
Motoki Kuramochi, Satoshi Kato, Yoshiro Okajima, Kuniaki Yamaga
We encountered a case of somatoform disorder induced by bullying, and factitious disorder was revealed during treatment. This case was a 14-year-old female, who was admitted to a pediatric ward at first. However, she was transferred to a psychiatric ward after a serious suicidal attempt. She caused many problems, and demanded that medical staff treat her symptoms. We assumed that medical care promoted regression. We performed psychotherapeutic intervention based on consensus among medical staff, similar to behavioral therapy...
2012: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Ian P Dumont, Ardis L Olson
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of research points to regular, comprehensive mental health screening in primary care practices as an effective tool, but a thorough and efficient approach is not yet widely used. The purpose of this report is to describe the pattern of mental health-related concerns, protective and social risk factors reported by adolescents during routine well-child visits in primary care settings, and their occurrence among teens that screen positive for either depression or anxiety with brief validated measures...
May 2012: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
John V Lavigne, Miguel Saps, Fred B Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric somatization studies have used the 35-item Child Somatization Inventory (CSI-35) or psychometrically refined 24-item CSI (CSI-24). Exploratory factor analysis of the CSI-24 has identified a single factor that did not show good model fit in confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Further evaluation of the CSI-24 factor structure is needed. METHODS: The present study examined alternative factor structures of the CSI-24 in a community sample (N = 233, ages 8-15)...
September 2012: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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