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Moderate intensity continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468132/does-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-elicit-superior-benefits-to-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-in-cancer-survivors
#1
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Katrina D DuBose, Desmond Yip, Paul Craft, Stuart Semple
AIM: To determine the impact of low volume high-intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and continuous low to moderate-intensity exercise training (CLMIT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary cancer survivors ( n = 75, aged 51 ± 12 year) within 24 months of diagnosis, were randomised into three groups for 12 wk of LVHIIT ( n = 25), CLMIT ( n = 25) or control group ( n = 25). The exercise intervention involved 36 sessions (three sessions per week)...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466489/moderate-continuous-aerobic-exercise-training-improves-cardiomyocyte-contractility-in-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-receptor-knockout-mice
#2
Aurora Corrêa Rodrigues, Antônio José Natali, Daise Nunes Queiroz da Cunha, Alexandre Jayme Lopes Dantas Costa, Anselmo Gomes de Moura, Miguel Araújo Carneiro-Júnior, Leonardo Bonato Félix, Patrícia Chakur Brum, Thales Nicolau Prímola-Gomes
BACKGROUND: The lack of cardiac β1-adrenergic receptors (β1-AR) negatively affects the regulation of both cardiac inotropy and lusitropy, leading, in the long term, to heart failure (HF). Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (MCAE) is recommended as an adjunctive therapy for patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effects of MCAE on the contractile properties of left ventricular (LV) myocytes from β1 adrenergic receptor knockout (β1ARKO) mice. METHODS: Four- to five-month-old male wild type (WT) and β1ARKO mice were divided into groups: WT control (WTc) and trained (WTt); and β1ARKO control (β1ARKOc) and trained (β1ARKOt)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452134/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-cardiac-function-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
REVIEW
Charlotte B Ingul, Katrin A Dias, Arnt E Tjonna, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Anita S Timilsina, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) confers superior cardiovascular health benefits to moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in adults and may be efficacious for improving diminished cardiac function in obese children. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of HIIT, MICT and nutrition advice interventions on resting left ventricular (LV) peak systolic tissue velocity (S') in obese children. METHODS: Ninety-nine obese children were randomised into one of three 12-week interventions, 1) HIIT [n = 33, 4 × 4 min bouts at 85-95% maximum heart rate (HR max ), 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, 2) MICT [n = 32, 44 mins at 60-70% HR max , 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, and 3) nutrition advice only (nutrition) [n = 34]...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433467/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-muscle-force-production-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#4
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI...
February 13, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424267/metabolism-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#5
Keith Tolfrey, Julia Kirstey Zakrzewski-Fruer, Alice Emily Thackray
Two publications were selected because they are excellent representations of studies examining different ends of the exercise-sedentary behavior continuum in young people. The first study is an acute response study with 13 mixed-sex, mid to late adolescents presenting complete data from 4 different randomized experimental crossover conditions for analyses. Continuous glucose monitoring showed that interrupting prolonged continuous sitting with body-weight resistance exercises reduced the postprandial glucose concentration compared with a time-matched uninterrupted period of sitting...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416513/different-training-modalities-improve-energy-cost-and-performance-in-master-runners
#6
Lorenzo Pugliese, Simone Porcelli, Alessandra Vezzoli, Antonio La Torre, Fabio R Serpiello, Gaspare Pavei, Mauro Marzorati
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of continuous moderate-intensity and discontinuous high-intensity training on running performance in master runners. Methods: Thirty-four male master runners (47.2 ± 7.4 years) were assigned to three different groups: continuous moderate-intensity training (CMIT), discontinuous high-intensity training (DHIT), and control group (CON). CMIT and DHIT performed 8-week of supervised training (3 session·wk-1; ~35 km·wk-1) while CON maintained their normal training habits (3-4 session·wk-1; ~50 km·wk-1)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416382/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-within-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Amanda L Hannan, Wayne Hing, Vini Simas, Mike Climstein, Jeff S Coombes, Rohan Jayasinghe, Joshua Byrnes, James Furness
Background: Aerobic capacity has been shown to be inversely proportionate to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and there is growing evidence that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) appears to be more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving cardiorespiratory fitness within the cardiac population. Previously published systematic reviews in cardiovascular disease have neither investigated the effect that the number of weeks of intervention has on cardiorespiratory fitness changes, nor have adverse events been collated...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414244/the-influence-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-sedentary-time-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#8
Sean Francis Nugent, Mary E Jung, Jessica E Bourne, Jason Loeppky, Abigail Arnold, Jonathan P Little
High intensity interval training (HIIT) elicits health benefits but it is unclear how HIIT impacts sedentary behaviour. In this preliminary study, we compared the effects of supervised HIIT or moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) on sedentary time in overweight/obese adults. In both groups, percentage of time spent in sedentary activities was significantly reduced during the supervised exercise intervention (time main effect, p = .03) suggesting that both HIIT and MICT replaced time spent previously being sedentary...
February 7, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408464/exercise-reduces-depression-and-inflammation-but-intensity-matters
#9
Emily M Paolucci, Dessi Loukov, Dawn M E Bowdish, Jennifer J Heisz
BACKGROUND: Exercise may help to mitigate symptoms of depression by reducing inflammation; however, little is known about the influence of exercise intensity on depressed mood. METHODS: In the present study, sixty-one university students were assigned to six weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIT), moderate continuous training (MCT), or no exercise (CON) during their academic term. We measured changes in depression, anxiety and perceived stress along with pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
February 3, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400623/energy-expenditure-and-epoc-between-water-based-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-sessions-in-healthy-women
#10
Gustavo Zaccaria Schaun, Stephanie Santana Pinto, Aline Borges de Carvalho Praia, Cristine Lima Alberton
The present study compared the energy expenditure (EE) during and after two water aerobics protocols, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate continuous training (CONT). A crossover randomized design was employed comprising 11 healthy young women. HIIT consisted of eight 20s bouts at 130% of the cadence associated with the maximal oxygen consumption (measured in the aquatic environment) with 10s passive rest. CONT corresponded to 30 min at a heart rate equivalent to 90-95% of the second ventilatory threshold...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397328/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-composition-responses-to-different-intensities-and-frequencies-of-exercise-training-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#11
James L Devin, David G Jenkins, Andrew T Sax, Gareth I Hughes, Joanne F Aitken, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeffrey C Dunn, Kate A Bolam, Tina L Skinner
INTRODUCTION: Deteriorations in cardiorespiratory fitness (V˙o2peak) and body composition are associated with poor prognosis after colorectal cancer treatment. However, the optimal intensity and frequency of aerobic exercise training to improve these outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This trial compared 8 weeks of moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE; 50 minutes; 70% peak heart rate [HRpeak]; 24 sessions), with high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE; 4 × 4 minutes; 85%-95% HRpeak) at an equivalent (HIIE; 24 sessions) and tapered frequency (HIIE-T; 16 sessions) on V˙o2peak and on lean and fat mass, measured at baseline, 4, 8, and 12 weeks...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371223/broad-spectrum-physical-fitness-benefits-of-recreational-football-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Zoran Milanović, Saša Pantelić, Nedim Čović, Goran Sporiš, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup
BACKGROUND: A previous meta-analysis showed that maximal oxygen uptake increased by 3.51 mL/kg/min (95% CI 3.07 to 4.15) during a recreational football programme of 3-6 months in comparison with continuous moderate-intensity running, strength training or a passive control group. In addition, narrative reviews have demonstrated beneficial effects of recreational football on physical fitness and health status. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the magnitude of effects of recreational football on blood pressure, body composition, lipid profile and muscular fitness with reference to age, gender and health status...
January 25, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349604/quality-of-training-in-radiation-oncology-in-germany-where-do-we-stand-results-from-a%C3%A2-2016-2017-survey-performed-by-the-working-group-young-degro-of-the-german-society-of-radiation-oncology-degro
#13
C T Dietzel, K Jablonska, M Niyazi, T Gauer, N Ebert, C Ostheimer, D Krug
PURPOSE: To evaluate the current situation of young radiation oncologists in Germany with regard to the contents and quality of training and level of knowledge, as well as their working conditions and professional satisfaction. METHODS: From June 2016 to February 2017, a survey was conducted by the young DEGRO (yDEGRO) using an online platform. The questionnaire consisted of 28 items examining a broad range of aspects influencing residency. There were 96 completed questionnaires RESULTS: 83% of participants stated to be very or mostly pleased with their residency training...
January 18, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344913/cardiac-basal-autophagic-activity-and-increased-exercise-capacity
#14
Fang-Hui Li, Tao Li, Ying-Min Su, Jing-Yi Ai, Rui Duan, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu
To investigate whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and continuous moderate-intensity training (CMT) have different impacts on exercise performance and cardiac function and to determine the influence of these exercise protocols on modulating basal autophagy in the cardiac muscle of rats. Rats were assigned to three groups: sedentary control (SC), CMT, and HIIT. Total exercise volume and mean intensity were matched between the two protocols. After a 10-week training program, rats were evaluated for exercise performance, including exercise tolerance and grip strength...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338917/exercise-training-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-continuous-versus-interval-training
#15
Marko Novaković, Katja Prokšelj, Uroš Rajkovič, Tjaša Vižintin Cuderman, Katja Janša Trontelj, Zlatko Fras, Borut Jug
INTRODUCTION: Adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) have impaired exercise capacity, vascular and cardiac autonomic function, and quality of life (QoL). Specific effects of high-intensity interval or moderate continuous exercise training on these parameters in adults with repaired ToF remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty adults with repaired ToF were randomized to either high-intensity interval, moderate intensity continuous training (36 sessions, 2-3 times a week) or usual care (no supervised exercise)...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337829/estimation-of-repetitions-to-failure-for-monitoring-resistance-exercise-intensity-building-a-case-for-application
#16
Daniel A Hackett, Stephen P Cobley, Mark Halaki
The purpose of this study was to 1) examine the accuracy of Estimated Repetitions to Failure (ERF) during resistance exercise between two sessions, and 2) compare ERF to RPE (Rating of Perceived Exertion) for determining proximity to momentary failure. Forty-eight adults with recreational resistance training experience performed 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 70% 1RM and 80% 1RM for the chest press and leg press respectively. At the completion of each set, participants reported their ERF and then continued repetitions to failure to determine actual repetitions to failure (ARF)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330460/enhanced-skeletal-muscle-ribosome-biogenesis-yet-attenuated-mtorc1-and-ribosome-biogenesis-related-signalling-following-short-term-concurrent-versus-single-mode-resistance-training
#17
Jackson J Fyfe, David J Bishop, Jonathan D Bartlett, Erik D Hanson, Mitchell J Anderson, Andrew P Garnham, Nigel K Stepto
Combining endurance training with resistance training (RT) may attenuate skeletal muscle hypertrophic adaptation versus RT alone; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated changes in markers of ribosome biogenesis, a process linked with skeletal muscle hypertrophy, following concurrent training versus RT alone. Twenty-three males underwent eight weeks of RT, either performed alone (RT group, n = 8), or combined with either high-intensity interval training (HIT+RT group, n = 8), or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT+RT group, n = 7)...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329778/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-continuous-training-on-physiological-and-metabolic-variables-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Angélica Trevisan De Nardi, Tainara Tolves, Thatiane Larissa Lenzi, Luis Ulisses Signori, Antônio Marcos Vargas da Silva
AIMS: To compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on functional capacity and cardiometabolic markers in individuals prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: The search was performed in PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, PEDro, CENTRAL, Scopus, LILACS database, and Clinical Trials from the inception to July 2017, included randomized clinical trials that compared the use of HIIT and MICT in prediabetes and T2D adults...
January 9, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329555/exercise-during-and-after-neoadjuvant-rectal-cancer-treatment-the-exert-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Andria R Morielli, Nawaid Usmani, Normand G Boulé, Diane Severin, Keith Tankel, Tirath Nijjar, Kurian Joseph, Alysa Fairchild, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer includes 5-6 weeks of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) followed by total mesorectal excision 6-8 weeks later. NACRT improves local disease control and surgical outcomes but also causes side effects including fatigue, diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome, and physical deconditioning that may impede quality of life (QoL), treatment completion, treatment response, and long-term prognosis. Interventions to improve treatment outcomes and manage side effects that are safe, tolerable and low-cost are highly desirable...
January 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324580/the-relationship-between-skating-economy-and-performance-during-a-repeated-shift-test-in-elite-and-sub-elite-ice-hockey-players
#20
Nicholas R Lamoureux, Grant R Tomkinson, Benjamin J Peterson, John S Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of skating economy to fatigue during repeated high-intensity efforts of a simulated ice hockey shift. Forty-five collegiate and Junior A male ice hockey players (aged 18-24 years) performed a continuous graded exercise test using a skate treadmill. Breath-by-breath data for oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) and respiratory exchange ratio were collected and used to derive energy expenditure (EE) averaged over the final 10 seconds of each stage...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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