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Moderate intensity continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615070/exercise-and-postprandial-lipemia-effects-on-vascular-health-in-inactive-adults
#1
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, María Correa-Rodríguez, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Viviana Aya-Aldana, Mikel Izquierdo, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: There is evidence to suggest that postprandial lipemia are is linked to the impairment of endothelial function, which is characterized by an imbalance between the actions of vasodilators and vasoconstrictors. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-week high-intensity training (HIT) and moderate continuous training (MCT) protocol on postprandial lipemia, vascular function and arterial stiffness in inactive adults after high-fat meal (HFM) ingestion. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted in 20 healthy, inactive adults (31...
April 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609582/ex-met-study-exercise-in-prevention-on-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-multicenter-trial-rational-and-design
#2
Arnt Erik Tjønna, Joyce S Ramos, Axel Pressler, Martin Halle, Klaus Jungbluth, Erika Ermacora, Øyvind Salvesen, Jhennyfer Rodrigues, Carlos Roberto Bueno, Peter Scott Munk, Jeff Coombes, Ulrik Wisløff
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome substantially increases risk of cardiovascular events. It is therefore imperative to develop or optimize ways to prevent or attenuate this condition. Exercise training has been long recognized as a corner-stone therapy for reducing individual cardiovascular risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome. However, the optimal exercise dose and its feasibility in a real world setting has yet to be established. The primary objective of this randomized trial is to investigate the effects of different volumes of aerobic interval training (AIT) compared to the current exercise guideline of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on the composite number of cardiovascular disease risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome after a 16 week, 1-year, and 3-year follow-up...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605368/differences-and-similarities-in-early-vocabulary-development-between-children-with-hearing-aids-and-children-with-cochlear-implant-enrolled-in-3-year-auditory-verbal-intervention
#3
Lone Percy-Smith, Maria Hallstrøm, Jane Lignel Josvassen, Jeanette Hølledig Mikkelsen, Lena Nissen, Eveline Dieleman, Per Cayé-Thomasen
OBJECTIVE: The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a Nordic Auditory Verbal (AV) intervention for children with all degrees and types of hearing impairment (HI) using all kinds of hearing technology. A first specific objective was to identify differences and similarities in early vocabulary development between children with cochlear implant (CI) compared with children with hearing aids (HAs)/Bone anchored hearing aids (Bahs) enrolled in a 3-year AVprogram, and to compare the group of children with HI to a control group of children with normal hearing (NH)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599722/cytokine-responses-to-acute-exercise-in-healthy-older-adults-the-effect-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#4
Mark T Windsor, Tom G Bailey, Maria Perissiou, Lara Meital, Jonathan Golledge, Fraser D Russell, Christopher D Askew
Markers of chronic inflammation increase with aging, and are associated with cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality. Increases in fitness with exercise training have been associated with lower circulating concentrations of cytokines known to have pro-inflammatory actions (such as interleukin-6 [IL-6]) and higher circulating concentrations of anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-10 [IL-10]). However, the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness on acute cytokine responses to a single bout of exercise in healthy older individuals is unknown...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579014/a-physical-test-to-estimate-suitable-workloads-for-an-exercise-program-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Elisabet Guillamó, Noemie Travier, Guillermo R Oviedo, Ana Fonseca-Nunes, Juan-Mariano Alamo, Francesc Cos, Ariadna Roca, Oscar Niño, Antonio Agudo, Casimiro Javierre
Epidemiologic studies suggest that patients with breast cancer who gain weight after diagnosis have a higher risk of recurrence and death. Regular physical exercise can help minimize post-diagnosis weight gain. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a physical test for individualizing the workloads used during a fitness program.To continuously individualize the intensity of the training, a test was designed and integrated into the sessions. The test consisted in monitoring heart rate and workload during two bouts of cycling at moderate intensity...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572084/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Mansueto Gomes Neto, André Rodrigues Durães, Lino Sergio Rocha Conceição, Micheli Bernardone Saquetto, Øyvind Ellingsen, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known positive effects of exercise in heart failure patients, the best mode of exercise is still under discussion. METHODS: We searched Pubmed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PEDro data base, and SciELO (from the earliest date available to October 2017) for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of HIIT versus MICT in HFrEF patients...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566443/effects-of-montmorency-tart-cherry-l-prunus-cerasus-consumption-on-nitric-oxide-biomarkers-and-exercise-performance
#7
K M Keane, S J Bailey, A Vanhatalo, A M Jones, G Howatson
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Montmorency tart cherry juice (MC) on nitric oxide (NO) biomarkers, vascular function and exercise performance. In a randomized, double blind, placebo (PLA) - controlled, crossover study, 10 trained cyclists (mean ± SD; V̇O2peak 59.0 ± 7.0 ml/kg/min) acutely ingested 30 mL of either MC or PLA following dietary restrictions of polyphenol-rich compounds, and completed 6 min moderate- and severe-intensity cycling bouts 1.5 h post ingestion on two occasions for each experimental condition...
March 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560335/superior-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-compared-to-conventional-therapy-on-cardiovascular-and-psychological-aspects-in-myocardial-infarction
#8
Ha-Yoon Choi, Hee-Jun Han, Ji-Won Choi, Han-Young Jung, Kyung-Lim Joa
Objective: To evaluate the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological symptoms, activity states, and cardiovascular functions in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) of low and moderate risk stratification. Methods: This prospective study randomly allocated 44 patients with MI to 18 sessions of HIIT or conventional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and after 18 sessions. Results: Post-exercise cardiovascular and functional states, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ), metabolic equivalents (METs), 6-Minute Walking Test (6MWT), and Korean Activity Scale/Index (KASI) scores were significantly improved in the HIIT group compared to those in the MICT group after 18 exercise sessions...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556771/effects-of-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-in-a-community-setting-a-pilot-study
#9
Dejan Reljic, Felix Wittmann, Joachim E Fischer
PURPOSE: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is emerging as an effective and time-efficient exercise strategy for health promotion. However, most HIIT studies are conducted in laboratory settings and evidence regarding the efficacy of time-efficient "low-volume" HIIT is based mainly on demanding "all-out" protocols. Thus, the aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of two low-volume (≤ 30 min time-effort/week), non-all-out HIIT protocols, performed 2 ×/week over 8 weeks in a community-based fitness centre...
March 19, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525828/exercise-training-and-cardiovascular-health-in-cancer-patients
#10
REVIEW
Ray W Squires, Adam M Shultz, Joerg Herrmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer patients nearly universally experience a decline in quality of life, with fatigue and reduced exercise tolerance as cardinal reflections. A routine exercise program can improve these signs and symptoms as well as overall outcomes. The review provides an updated overview of the field and its translation to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: A wealth of clinical studies have documented the safety and benefits of exercise after and during cancer therapy, and pilot and larger-scale studies are currently ongoing to integrate exercise into the treatment program for cancer patients undergoing active therapy (EXACT pilot, OptiTrain, and TITAN study)...
March 10, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522768/high-intensity-exercise-preconditioning-provides-differential-protection-against-brain-injury-following-experimental-stroke
#11
Rasoul Rezaee, Sanaz Nasoohi, Abbas Haghparast, Fariba Khodagholi, Mohammadreza Bigdeli, Maryam Nourshahi
AIMS: Different modes of physical activity provide cerebrovascular protection against thromboembolic events. Based on recent reports high intensity exercise protocols appear to raise cerebral VEGF levels leading to efficient cerebral angiogenesis. The present study aims to address if moderate continuous training (MCT) and high intensity interval training (HIT) differ in preconditioning against ischemic stroke. METHODS: Wistar rats were subjected to HIT or MCT for 8 weeks before transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) surgery...
March 6, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518230/effectiveness-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-increasing-resilience-and-reducing-attrition-of-injured-us-navy-recruits
#12
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490012/maintenance-of-physical-function-1-year-after-exercise-intervention-in-at-risk-older-adults-follow-up-from-the-life-study
#13
Rebecca M Henderson, Michael E Miller, Roger A Fielding, Thomas M Gill, Nancy W Glynn, Jack M Guralnik, Abby King, Anne B Newman, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Jack Rejeski, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Stephen B Kritchevsky
Background: Structured physical activity interventions delay the onset of disability for at-risk older adults. However, it is not known if at-risk older adults continue to participate in physical activity or maintain mobility benefits after cessation of structured intervention. Methods: One thousand six hundred and thirty-five sedentary men and women aged 70-89 years with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) scores of 9 or less and able to walk 400 m were randomized to a structured, moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) program consisting of center-based (twice/week) and home-based (three to four times per week) aerobic, resistance, and flexibility training or a health education (HE) program combined with upper extremity stretching...
February 27, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484358/high-intensity-multimodal-resistance-training-improves-muscle-function-symmetry-during-a-sit-to-stand-task-and-physical-function-following-hip-fracture
#14
R A Briggs, J R Houck, P C LaStayo, J M Fritz, M J Drummond, R L Marcus
OBJECTIVES: Post rehabilitation, older adults with hip fracture display low vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) on the involved lower extremity during a sit-to-stand task and low physical function. The purpose of this study was to test whether muscle performance, involved side vGRF during a sit-to-stand task, and physical function improved following multimodal high-intensity resistance training, when initiated after usual care (2 to 6 months after hip fracture). DESIGN: Case series study, 12 weeks extended high-intensity strength training intervention following hip fracture...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480414/metabolic-cross-talk-between-skeletal-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-in-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-by-regulation-of-pgc-1%C3%AE
#15
Hossein Shirvani, Ehsan Arabzadeh
PURPOSE: An imbalance in the production of adipokines and myokines impairs the energy expenditure, increases adipocyte and develops metabolic pathologies. Physical exercise is able to regulate the secretion of myokines and adipokines. The present study considers the metabolic cross talk between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in high-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training by regulation of PGC-1α. METHODS: A sample of 32 male Wistar rats (8 weeks old with mean weight 250 ± 55 g) were divided into four groups randomly: control of base (CO), control of 8 weeks (CO8w), moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), and high-intensity interval training (HIIT)...
February 26, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468132/does-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-elicit-superior-benefits-to-continuous-low-to-moderate-intensity-training-in-cancer-survivors
#16
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Katrina D DuBose, Desmond Yip, Paul Craft, Stuart Semple
AIM: To determine the impact of low volume high-intensity interval training (LVHIIT) and continuous low to moderate-intensity exercise training (CLMIT) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary cancer survivors ( n = 75, aged 51 ± 12 year) within 24 months of diagnosis, were randomised into three groups for 12 wk of LVHIIT ( n = 25), CLMIT ( n = 25) or control group ( n = 25). The exercise intervention involved 36 sessions (three sessions per week)...
February 10, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466489/moderate-continuous-aerobic-exercise-training-improves-cardiomyocyte-contractility-in-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-receptor-knockout-mice
#17
Aurora Corrêa Rodrigues, Antônio José Natali, Daise Nunes Queiroz da Cunha, Alexandre Jayme Lopes Dantas Costa, Anselmo Gomes de Moura, Miguel Araújo Carneiro-Júnior, Leonardo Bonato Félix, Patrícia Chakur Brum, Thales Nicolau Prímola-Gomes
BACKGROUND: The lack of cardiac β1-adrenergic receptors (β1-AR) negatively affects the regulation of both cardiac inotropy and lusitropy, leading, in the long term, to heart failure (HF). Moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (MCAE) is recommended as an adjunctive therapy for patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effects of MCAE on the contractile properties of left ventricular (LV) myocytes from β1 adrenergic receptor knockout (β1ARKO) mice. METHODS: Four- to five-month-old male wild type (WT) and β1ARKO mice were divided into groups: WT control (WTc) and trained (WTt); and β1ARKO control (β1ARKOc) and trained (β1ARKOt)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452134/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-cardiac-function-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
REVIEW
Charlotte B Ingul, Katrin A Dias, Arnt E Tjonna, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Anita S Timilsina, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) confers superior cardiovascular health benefits to moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) in adults and may be efficacious for improving diminished cardiac function in obese children. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of HIIT, MICT and nutrition advice interventions on resting left ventricular (LV) peak systolic tissue velocity (S') in obese children. METHODS: Ninety-nine obese children were randomised into one of three 12-week interventions, 1) HIIT [n = 33, 4 × 4 min bouts at 85-95% maximum heart rate (HR max ), 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, 2) MICT [n = 32, 44 mins at 60-70% HR max , 3 times/week] and nutrition advice, and 3) nutrition advice only (nutrition) [n = 34]...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433467/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-muscle-force-production-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#19
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI...
February 13, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424267/metabolism-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#20
Keith Tolfrey, Julia Kirstey Zakrzewski-Fruer, Alice Emily Thackray
Two publications were selected because they are excellent representations of studies examining different ends of the exercise-sedentary behavior continuum in young people. The first study is an acute response study with 13 mixed-sex, mid to late adolescents presenting complete data from 4 different randomized experimental crossover conditions for analyses. Continuous glucose monitoring showed that interrupting prolonged continuous sitting with body-weight resistance exercises reduced the postprandial glucose concentration compared with a time-matched uninterrupted period of sitting...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
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