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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441059/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-training-based-on-the-neuromuscular-risk-profile
#1
Timothy E Hewett, Kevin R Ford, Yingying Y Xu, Jane Khoury, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: The effects of targeted neuromuscular training (TNMT) on movement biomechanics associated with the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are currently unknown. Purpose/Hypotheses: To determine the effectiveness of TNMT specifically designed to increase trunk control and hip strength. The hypotheses were that (1) TNMT would decrease biomechanical and neuromuscular factors related to an increased ACL injury risk and (2) TNMT would decrease these biomechanical and neuromuscular factors to a greater extent in athletes identified as being at a high risk for future ACL injuries...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440526/-application-of-three-stitch-preventive-transverse-colostomy-in-anterior-resection-of-low-rectal-cancer
#2
Yuzhou Zhao, Guangsen Han, Mingke Huo, Li Wei, Qiyun Zou, Yuji Zhang, Jian Li, Yanhui Gu, Yanghui Cao, Shijia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer. METHOD: From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439675/a-pilot-study-assessing-the-efficacy-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-low-anterior-resection-syndrome
#3
V Vigorita, S Rausei, P Troncoso Pereira, I Trostchansky, A Ruano Poblador, E Moncada Iribarren, C Facal Alvarez, A de San Ildefonso Pereira, E Casal Núñez
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection for rectal cancer often results in severe bowel dysfunction, specifically low anterior resection syndrome (LARS), with symptoms such as incontinence, urgency, and frequent bowel movements. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) resulted in a high rate of success in patients with fecal incontinence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with PTNS in LARS and to identify predictors of the outcome of the technique. METHODS: The study was conducted from May 2012 to April 2015 at the Alvaro Cunqueiro Hospital, University Hospital Complex of Vigo, Spain...
April 24, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439629/transitioning-to-the-direct-anterior-approach-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-it-a-true-muscle-sparing-approach-when-performed-by-a-low-volume-hip-replacement-surgeon
#4
Dan-Viorel Nistor, Sergiu Caterev, Sorana-Daniela Bolboacă, Dan Cosma, Dan Osvald Gheorghe Lucaciu, Adrian Todor
PURPOSE: We conducted this study to establish if the transition from a lateral approach (LA) to the direct anterior approach (DAA) for a low volume hip arthroplasty surgeon during the steep learning curve can be performed maintaining the muscle sparing approach of the DAA without increasing the complication rates. METHODS: In this controlled, prospective, randomized clinical study we investigated 70 patients (35 DAA, 35 LA) with similar demographics that underwent a total hip arthroplasty...
April 24, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439321/embolization-of-a-bronchial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-patient-with-non-massive-hemoptysis
#5
Ignazio Salamone, Marco Cavallaro, Carmela Visalli, Mariano Velo, Ugo Barbaro, Karol Galletta, Filippo Andò
BACKGROUND: Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare condition with a reported prevalence of less than 1% of all selective bronchial arterial angiograms. Despite its low incidence, BAA represents a potential cause of hemoptysis. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 63-year-old man suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who presented with non-massive hemoptysis. CT angiography revealed a single bronchial artery aneurysm of 9 mm in diameter, abutting the esophageal wall...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439236/auditory-visual-and-audiovisual-speech-processing-streams-in-superior-temporal-sulcus
#6
Jonathan H Venezia, Kenneth I Vaden, Feng Rong, Dale Maddox, Kourosh Saberi, Gregory Hickok
The human superior temporal sulcus (STS) is responsive to visual and auditory information, including sounds and facial cues during speech recognition. We investigated the functional organization of STS with respect to modality-specific and multimodal speech representations. Twenty younger adult participants were instructed to perform an oddball detection task and were presented with auditory, visual, and audiovisual speech stimuli, as well as auditory and visual nonspeech control stimuli in a block fMRI design...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439199/comparison-of-methods-and-formulas-used-in-umbilical-venous-catheter-placement
#7
Mehmet Mutlu, Burcu Küçükalioğlu Parıltan, Yakup Aslan, İlker Eyüpoğlu, Şebnem Kader, Filiz Acar Aktürk
AIM: Central venous access is frequently provided by way of umbilical venous catheter placement in critically ill newborns. This study compared the methods of Dunn, Shukla-Ferrara, and Revised Shukla-Ferrara in determining the appropriate insertion length of umbilical vein catheters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was carried out in 121 newborns with umbilical venous catheter, group 1 (n=41) used Dunn method, group 2 (n=40) used the Shukla-Ferrara formula, and group 3 used revised Shukla-Ferrara formula (n=40)...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437758/balance-impairment-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-without-concurrent-peripheral-neuropathy
#8
T Zanotto, S Gobbo, V Bullo, B Vendramin, F Duregon, L Cugusi, A Di Blasio, L Furian, C Silvestre, D Neunhaeuserer, M Zaccaria, M Bergamin, A Ermolao
Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) present with compromised functional capacity, low levels of physical activity, muscle atrophy, and peripheral nerve dysfunction that may result in high postural instability. This study aimed to compare the static balance control of 19 KTRs with 19 healthy adults (HA). All participants completed the Romberg test on a stabilometric platform with eyes open (EO), eyes closed (EC) and during a dual task (DT) condition. Centre of pressure (COP) measures (COP velocity (COPv) and sway area (SA)), as well as position-based outcomes such as anterior-posterior (AP) and medio-lateral (ML) ranges of COP displacements were recorded...
April 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437502/combined-anterior-posterior-decompression-and-fusion-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#9
Richard Bram, Susan Fiore, John J Labiak, Raphael P Davis
We conducted a study to evaluate the operative details, perioperative complications, and short-term outcomes associated with combined anterior-posterior decompression and fusion (CAPDF) for treating cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 21 patients who underwent CAPDF at our institution. Pertinent information, including demographics, surgery indication, perioperative complications, operative time, levels fused (and number of levels fused) anteriorly and posteriorly, estimated blood loss, and length of stay, was gathered...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437494/patellofemoral-pain-an-enigma-explained-by-homeostasis-and-common-sense
#10
William R Post, Scott F Dye
We present a rational, scientific, low-risk approach to patellofemoral pain (anterior knee pain) based on an understanding of tissue homeostasis. Loss of tissue homeostasis from overload and/or injury produces pain. Bone overload and synovial inflammation are common sources of such pain. Chondromalacia and malalignment are findings that almost always do not need to be "corrected" to relieve pain. Patience and persistence in nonoperative care results in consistent success. Surgery should be rare and done only after extensive nonoperative management and in the setting of clearly defined pathology...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437491/correct-positioning-of-the-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-troubleshooting-in-the-operating-room
#11
M Tyrrell Burrus, Brian C Werner, Jourdan M Cancienne, David R Diduch
Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is often required after failed nonoperative management of lateral patellar instability. It is important to properly re-create the native ligament to avoid altering patellofemoral biomechanics. Such alterations can cause knee stiffness, anterior knee pain, and patellofemoral chondrosis. Incorrect femoral location is the most common mistake that affects MPFL graft biomechanics. Authors have described multiple radiographic and anatomical landmarks that assist in determining the appropriate location, and time should be taken to accurately localize this position...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437339/a-multicenter-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-following-high-grade-spondylolisthesis-reduction-and-fusion
#12
Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Manish K Kasliwal, Justin S Smith, JoAnne Nieto, David Ibrahimi, Paul Park, Frank Lamarca, Christopher Shaffrey, David O Okonkwo, Adam S Kanter
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review of the clinical and radiographic outcomes from a multicenter study of surgical treatment for high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGS) in adults. The objective was to assess the safety of surgical reduction, its ability to correct regional deformity, and its clinical effectiveness. METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter review of adults (age above 18 y) with lumbosacral HGS (Meyerding grade 3-5) treated surgically with open decompression, attempted reduction, posterior instrumentation, and interbody fusion...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437237/proteomics-in-hypothermia-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-chill-mi-substudy
#13
Moman A Mohammad, Marco Noc, Irene Lang, Michael Holzer, Peter Clemmensen, Ulf Jensen, Bernhard Metzler, David Erlinge
Cardiovascular and inflammatory biomarkers in therapeutic hypothermia have been studied in cardiac arrest, but data on patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with therapeutic hypothermia are currently unavailable. A multiplex proximity extension assay allowed us to measure 157 cardiovascular disease (CVD) and inflammatory disease-related biomarkers in patients from the international, multicenter, and randomized trial; CHILL-myocardial infarction (MI) and to explore the associations of cardiovascular and inflammatory biomarkers...
March 2, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435913/a-prospective-clinical-study-comparing-mi-tlif-with-unilateral-versus-bilateral-transpedicular-fixation-in-low-grade-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#14
José-Antonio Soriano-Sánchez, Javier Quillo-Olvera, Sergio Soriano-Solis, Miroslava-Elizabeth Soriano-Lopez, Claudia-Angélica Covarrubias-Rosas, Javier Quillo-Reséndiz, Carlos-Francisco Gutiérrez-Partida, Manuel Rodríguez-García
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) has become one of the standard techniques for approaching ipsilateral decompression, anterior column fusion, and posterior stabilization. This procedure is usually accompanied by the placement of bilateral transpedicular screws in the corresponding segment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of unilateral screw fixation compared with bilateral fixation in patients diagnosed with low-grade symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent an MI-TLIF technique...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435129/laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy-the-%C3%A2-6points-%C3%A2-technique
#15
Marie Schaub Resident, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisramé, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Arnaud Wattiez, Cherif Youssef Akladios
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Illustrate laparoscopic sacral colpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse, a new method using a simplified mesh fixation technique, with only six fixation points DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (educative video) The video was approved by the local IRB. SETTING: University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENTS: Women with multicompartment prolapse INTERVENTION: First, we dissect the promontorium, and vertically incise the posterior parietal peritoneum on the right pelvic sidewall until the pouch of Douglas...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434582/effectiveness-between-early-and-late-temporary-ileostomy-closure-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-prospective-study
#16
Li Zhen, Yanan Wang, Ze Zhang, Tongwei Wu, Ruoyan Liu, Tingting Li, Liying Zhao, Haijun Deng, Xiaolong Qi, Guoxin Li
A temporary stoma is often used in rectal cancer surgery to protect a distal anastomosis, which remains a major concern after rectal cancer surgery, particularly after low anterior resection. The temporary stoma is scheduled for closure. However, the optimal time of closure of the protecting stoma remains unclear because of sparse studies and data. We aimed to detect the efficacy between early and late temporary ileostomy closure in patients with rectal cancer during or after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. We conducted a prospective, 2-group design between early and late ileostomy closure group in patients after rectal cancer surgery with temporary stoma...
March 2, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434071/repeatability-and-agreement-of-central-corneal-thickness-measurement-with-non-contact-methods-a-comparative-study
#17
Tarannum Mansoori, Nagalla Balakrishna
PURPOSE: To compare the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements and reliability of RTVue XR-100 anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), AL-scan optical biometer and Schwind Sirius anterior segment analysis system. METHODS: The CCT was measured in one hundred and twenty-seven eyes of 127 healthy subjects with AS-OCT, AL-scan and Sirius system. Mean CCT was compared among the instruments, and the level of agreement was assessed using Bland-Altman plots...
April 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433845/clinical-outcome-after-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-craniopharyngiomas-two-institution-experience
#18
Hye Ran Park, Varun R Kshettry, Christopher J Farrell, Jae Meen Lee, Yong Hwy Kim, Tae Bin Won, Doo Hee Han, Hyunwoo Do, Gurston Nyguist, Marc Rosen, Dong Gyu Kim, James J Evans, Sun Ha Paek
BACKGROUND: The extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) to the anterior cranial base is used for the resection of craniopharyngiomas. OBJECTIVE: We present clinical experience and outcomes utilizing EEA for craniopharyngiomas. METHODS: A total of 116 patients in two remote institutions were enrolled in this retrospective study. Surgical, endocrinological and ophthalmological outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 35 months (range, 1-115)...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433446/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-assess-the-neurobehavioral-impact-of-dysphotopsia-with-multifocal-intraocular-lenses
#19
Andreia M Rosa, Ângela C Miranda, Miguel Patrício, Colm McAlinden, Fátima L Silva, Joaquim N Murta, Miguel Castelo-Branco
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between dysphotopsia and neural responses in visual and higher-level cortical regions in patients who recently received multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients 3 to 4 weeks after bilateral cataract surgery with diffractive IOL implantation and 15 age- and gender-matched control subjects. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was performed when participants viewed low-contrast grating stimuli...
April 19, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433044/-laparoscopic-diverting-ileostomy-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#20
P Ihnát, P Vávra, P Guňková, A Zatloukal, S Czudek, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) represents the gold standard for patients with low rectal carcinoma. Protective ileostomy (PI) is commonly performed during LAR in an effort to protect low rectal anastomosis. The aim of this study is to analyse outcomes in our own patient population, focusing on morbidity associated with PI. METHOD: A retrospective clinical study of patients operated on between 2013 and 2015 was conducted in University Hospital Ostrava...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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