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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533075/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-and-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-immediate-effects-in-women-with-dysphonia
#1
Mariana de Cásisa Macedo Conde, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, José Eduardo Vendramini, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the immediate effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) in musculoskeletal pain, voice quality, and self-reported signs in women with dysphonia. METHOD: Thirty women with behavioral dysphonia were randomly divided into the TENS group and the LMT group. All participants fulfilled the pain survey and had their voices recorded to posterior perceptual and acoustic analysis before and after intervention...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532926/sequential-segmental-terminal-lenticular-side-cut-dissection-for-safe-and-effective-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-in-thin-lenticules
#2
Soosan Jacob, Amar Agarwal, Cosimo Mazzotta, Athiya Agarwal, John Michael Raj
Small-incision lenticule extraction may be associated with complications such as partial lenticular dissection, torn lenticule, lenticular adherence to cap, torn cap, and sub-cap epithelial ingrowth, some of which are more likely to occur during low-myopia corrections. We describe sequential segmental terminal lenticular side-cut dissection to facilitate minimally traumatic and smooth lenticular extraction. Anterior lamellar dissection is followed by central posterior lamellar dissection, leaving a thin peripheral rim and avoiding the lenticular side cut...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532909/volume-outcome-relationship-after-1-and-2-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#3
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, Jonathan Nakhla, Rani Nasser, Ajit Jada, Niketh Bhashyam, Merritt D Kinon, Reza Yassari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of surgeon volume on inpatient morbidity after 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2009 were extracted. All adult patients who underwent an elective 1- or 2-level ACDF for degenerative cervical spine disease were identified. Surgeon volume was analyzed as a continuous and categorical variable (very-low (<12 procedures per year), low (12 - 23), medium (24 - 35), high (36 - 47), and very-high volume (48 or more))...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532667/evaluation-of-three-recombinant-outer-membrane-proteins-ompa1-tdr-and-tbpa-as-potential-vaccine-antigens-against-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-infection-in-channel-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus
#4
Hossam Abdelhamed, Iman Ibrahim, Seong Won Nho, Michelle M Banes, Robert W Wills, Attila Karsi, Mark L Lawrence
A virulent clonal population of Aeromonas hydrophila (VAh) is recognized as the etiological agent in outbreaks of motile aeromonas septicemia (MAS) in catfish aquaculture in the southeastern United States since 2009. Genomic subtraction revealed three outer membrane proteins present in VAh strain ML09-119 but not in low virulence reference A. hydrophila strains: major outer membrane protein OmpA1, TonB-dependent receptor (Tdr), and transferrin-binding protein A (TbpA). Here, the genes encoding ompA1, tdr, and tbpA were cloned from A...
May 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532619/traumatic-cyclodialysis-treated-with-transscleral-ciclodiode-laser-anterior-and-posterior-segment-evolution
#5
J González-Martín-Moro, M Castro-Rebollo, J Zarallo-Gallardo, F J Muñoz-Negrete
CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old man suffered a severe hipotension maculopathy after being kicked in his left eye. He presented a broad area of iridodialisis. Gonioscopy, ultrasound biomicroscopy and optic coherence tomography were not able to locate the suspected cyclodialysis. Medical treatment was ineffective. Five months later the patient received transcleral diode laser cyclophotocoagulation with clinical resolution. DISCUSSION: Transscleral diode laser constitutes an effective treatment, with low iatrogenia, that can solve cases of ocular hypotension, even when the location of the cyclodialysis has not been determined...
May 19, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530486/y-balance-test-performance-following-a-competitive-field-hockey-season-a-pretest-posttest-study
#6
Matthew C Hoch, Lauren A Welsch, Emily M Hartley, Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch
CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test (YBT) is a dynamic balance assessment used as a preseason musculoskeletal screen to determine injury risk. While the YBT has demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability, it is unknown if YBT performance changes following participation in a competitive athletic season. OBJECTIVE: Determine if a competitive athletic season affects YBT performance in field hockey players. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest. SETTING: Laboratory...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530477/reliability-and-validity-of-an-acromion-marker-cluster-for-recording-scapula-posture-at-end-range-clavicle-protraction-retraction-elevation-and-depression
#7
Yaheli Bet-Or, Wolbert van den Hoorn, Venerina Johnston, Shaun P O'Leary
Acromion Marker Cluster (AMC) methods have been shown to accurately track scapula motion during humeral elevation below 90°, however, their accuracy has not been assessed in shoulder girdle motion such as clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression independent of humeral movement. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the AMC method to record scapula orientation at end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression. The right scapulae of twenty-two female and twenty male asymptomatic volunteers were assessed with an AMC and Scapula Locator (SL) method during end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression (without humeral elevation) using an eight-camera 3D movement registration system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529279/comparing-the-occlusal-contact-area-of-individual-teeth-during-low-level-clenching
#8
Hideta Nishimori, Takashi Iida, Hirona Kamiyama, Yoshihiro Komoda, Ryoko Obara, Takashi Uchida, Misao Kawara, Osamu Komiyama
The aim of this study was to investigate the occlusal contact area (OCA) in individual teeth during low-level tooth clenching in 24 healthy participants. Before measurements were made, the 100% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) was determined. At baseline, all subjects were instructed to close their mouth and touch the opposing teeth with minimal force. Occlusal contact was recorded during three jaw motor tasks (baseline, 20% MVC, and 40% MVC) using a blue silicone material. OCA thickness was determined from images and defined on five levels: level 1 (0-149 µm), level 2 (0-89 µm), level 3 (0-49 µm), level 4 (0-29 µm), and level 5 (0-4 µm)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528897/lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-the-lumbosacral-junction
#9
Timothy L T Siu, Kainu Lin
Due to the obstruction of the iliac crest and the retroperitoneal vessels, lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is generally considered contraindicated at the lumbosacral junction (LSJ). In particular the 'rise' of the psoas from the vertebral column in the lower lumbar segments has been associated with significant overlap of the lumbar plexus with the vertebral body and exclusion of a safe transpsoas entry. However in selected individuals anatomical variations may help circumvent the difficulties and the anatomical corridor posterior to the lumbar plexus may provide an alternative to the conventional anterior approach...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527694/voluntary-wheel-running-ameliorates-depression-like-behaviors-and-brain-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-signals-in-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-mice
#10
Peng Huang, Zhaoyang Dong, Weiliang Huang, Chuying Zhou, Weichao Zhong, Peiqian Hu, Ge Wen, Xuegang Sun, Heyu Hua, Huihui Cao, Lei Gao, Zhiping Lv
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been long recognized for its therapeutic effects on depressive disorders, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the study, we investigated whether the physical exercise by voluntary wheel running (VWR) alters depression-like behaviors and its impact on brain blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals in mice. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to one of the following groups; (1) no exercise control (noEx), housed in a standard cage; (2) exercise (Ex), 2hours/day in a running wheel apparatus; (3) chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), which was imitating adult stress; and (4) CUMS+Ex...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526629/the-ultra-structural-organization-of-the-elastic-network-in-the-intra-and-inter-lamellar-matrix-of-the-intervertebral-disc
#11
J Tavakoli, D M Elliott, J J Costi
The inter-lamellar matrix (ILM) -located between adjacent lamellae of the annulus fibrosus- consists of a complex structure of elastic fibres, while elastic fibers of the intra-lamellar region are aligned predominantly parallel to the collagen fibers. The organization of elastic fibres under low magnification, in both inter- and intra-lamellar regions, was studied by light microscopic analysis of histologically prepared samples; however, little is known about their ultrastructure. An ultrastructural visualization of elastic fibres in the inter-lamellar matrix is crucial for describing their contribution to structural integrity, as well as mechanical properties of the annulus fibrosus...
May 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525490/surgeon-procedure-volume-and-complication-rates-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusions-analysis-of-a-national-longitudinal-database
#12
Tyler Cole, Anand Veeravagu, Michael Zhang, John K Ratliff
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using the MarketScan longitudinal database (2006-2010). OBJECTIVE: Compare complication rates between groups of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures performed by surgeons with high versus low mean annual ACDF volume. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Over the past decade the volume of ACDFs performed has increased, concurrent with greater appreciation of potential for associated complications...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524798/revisiting-the-rules-for-freehand-ventriculostomy-a-virtual-reality-analysis
#13
Clemens Raabe, Jens Fichtner, Jürgen Beck, Jan Gralla, Andreas Raabe
OBJECTIVE Frontal ventriculostomy is one of the most frequent and standardized procedures in neurosurgery. However, many first and subsequent punctures miss the target, and suboptimal placement or misplacement of the catheter is common. The authors therefore reexamined the landmarks and rules to determine the entry point and trajectory with the best hit rate (HtR). METHODS The authors randomly selected CT scans from their institution's DICOM pool that had been obtained in 50 patients with normal ventricular and skull anatomy and without ventricular puncture...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524042/-preparation-and-application-of-cooling-bag-for-heat-stroke-in-wild-field
#14
Hailing Li, Qing Lu, Hongping Wang, Lujia Li
Cooling bag for heat stroke in wild field was invented in order to fulfill rapid cooling for heat stroke in field environment. The cooling bag is composed of the hood, the body cover (which is made up of the anterior portion, the linking, and the posterior portion), the fixed straps, the handles. The length is 200 cm, the regulative width is 60-70 cm, the folding volume is 26 cm × 20 cm × 9 cm, and the weight is 1.4 kg. There are a number of pockets for the cold sources in the hood and the body cover. Fixed straps are set in the upper, middle and lower of the bag...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523160/do-low-profile-implants-provide-reliable-stability-in-fixing-the-sternal-fractures-as-a-fourth-vertebral-column-in-sternovertebral-injuries
#15
Sebastian Krinner, Sina Grupp, Pascal Oppel, Andreas Langenbach, Friedrich F Hennig, Stefan Schulz-Drost
BACKGROUND: Flexion and compression forces to the trunk can cause severe instability of the vertebral column and the anterior chest wall, mostly associated with an unstable fracture of the sternum. In combination, the worst case would be a complete disruption of the trunk. Some authors consider the sternum-rib-complex to be the fourth vertebral column. This study discusses the possibilities to treat instable trunk injuries with sternal fractures concomitant to vertebral spine fractures through anterior sternal plating employing a locked plate osteosynthesis in a low profile design instead of the use of bulky implants...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522664/non-contrast-enhanced-silent-scan-mr-angiography-of-intracranial-anterior-circulation-aneurysms-treated-with-a-low-profile-visualized-intraluminal-support-device
#16
N Takano, M Suzuki, R Irie, M Yamamoto, K Teranishi, K Yatomi, N Hamasaki, K K Kumamaru, M Hori, H Oishi, S Aoki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support Device comprises a small-cell nitinol structure and a single-wire braided stent that provides greater metal coverage than previously reported intracranial stents, as well as assumed strong susceptibility artifacts. This study aimed to assess the benefits of non-contrast-enhanced MRA by using a Silent Scan (Silent MRA) for intracranial anterior circulation aneurysms treated with Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support Device stents...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520850/anatomical-study-of-temporal-fat-compartments-and-its-clinical-application-for-temporal-fat-grafting
#17
Ru-Lin Huang, Yun Xie, Wenjin Wang, Tanja Herrler, Jia Zhou, Peijuan Zhao, Lee L Q Pu, Qingfeng Li
Background: Low satisfaction rates and severe complications are two major limitations for temporal hollowing augmentation using autologous fat grafting. Despite fat compartments in temporal region have been reported, its clinical applied anatomy for fat grafting have not been the subject of studies that show its benefits objectively and statistically. Objectives: To investigate temporal fat compartments and relative neurovascular structures in cadavers, developing a safe and effective fat grafting technique for temporal hollowing augmentation...
May 18, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520678/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-at-the-time-of-anterior-tibial-spine-fracture-in-young-patients-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Meredith H Mayo, Justin J Mitchell, Derek P Axibal, Jorge Chahla, Claire Palmer, Armando F Vidal, Jason T Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSF) in the skeletally immature parallel anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears in adult patients, yet these injuries are generally regarded as mutually exclusive. Biomechanical analysis suggests that intrinsic ACL damage occurs during ATSF, and long-term clinical studies demonstrate residual anteroposterior knee laxity following ATSF. We aim to describe prevalence, demographics, and characteristics of pediatric patients who sustained ATSF with concomitant ACL injury...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516314/harmonic-subtraction-for-evaluating-right-ventricle-ejection-fraction-from-planar-equilibrium-radionuclide-angiography
#19
Dacian V Bonta, John N Aarsvold, Sandra F Grant, Naomi P Alazraki
We report an initial investigation of a subtraction-based method to estimate right ventricle ejection fraction (RVEF) from ECG-gated planar equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA) data. Twenty-six consecutive patients referred for scintigraphic evaluation of cardiac function prior to chemotherapy had ECG-gated first-pass (FP) imaging and ERNA imaging performed following the same radiotracer injection. RVEF was computed from FP images (RVEFFP) and separately from ERNA images (RVEFERNA). Standard methods for computing ejection fractions were used to obtain RVEFFP values...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516212/anatomical-visualization-of-neural-course-and-distribution-of-anterior-ascending-aortic-plexus
#20
Tomokazu Kawashima, Fumi Sato
The aim of this study was to document the detailed anatomy of neural course and distribution on the anterior ascending aorta, to identify the high and low density areas of the anterior ascending aortic plexus for further understandings in cardiovascular surgery. The embalmed hearts of 42 elderly individuals were submacroscopically and microscopically examined, after excluding any that were macroscopically abnormal. With its origins in the anterior ascending aortic plexus, the right coronary plexus substantially innervated the right coronary artery, the right atrium and ventricle, and the sinus node...
May 17, 2017: Heart and Vessels
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