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Moderate continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142513/sedation-for-routine-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-review-on-efficacy-safety-efficiency-cost-and-satisfaction
#2
REVIEW
Otto S Lin
Most gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures are now performed with sedation. Moderate sedation using benzodiazepines and opioids continue to be widely used, but propofol sedation is becoming more popular because its unique pharmacokinetic properties make endoscopy almost painless, with a very predictable and rapid recovery process. There is controversy as to whether propofol should be administered only by anesthesia professionals (monitored anesthesia care) or whether properly trained non-anesthesia personnel can use propofol safely via the modalities of nurse-administered propofol sedation, computer-assisted propofol sedation or nurse-administered continuous propofol sedation...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136017/practices-in-security-and-confidentiality-of-hiv-aids-patients-information-a-national-survey-among-staff-at-hiv-outpatient-clinics-in-vietnam
#3
Nguyen Khac Hai, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Podjanee Jittamala, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy from the collection and use of medical records, particularly those of patients with HIV/AIDS or other diseases sensitive to stigmatization, should be prevented by all related stakeholders in healthcare settings. The main focus of this study was to assess practices regarding security and confidentiality of HIV-related information among staff at HIV outpatient clinics (HIV-OPCs) in Vietnam. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at all 312 HIV-OPCs across the country using an online survey technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128644/mass-drug-administration-the-sustainable-control-of-schistosomiasis-community-health-workers-are-vital-for-global-elimination-efforts
#4
Marianette T Inobaya, Thao N Chau, Shu-Kay Ng, Colin MacDougall, Remigio M Olveda, Veronica L Tallo, Jhoys M Landicho, Carol M Malacad, Mila F Aligato, Jerric R Guevarra, Allen G Ross
OBJECTIVES: Schistosomiasis control is centered on preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA) but endemic countries continue to struggle to attain target coverage rates and patient compliance. In the Philippines, Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) play a vital role in the coordination of MDA as advocates, implementers, and educators. The aim of this study was to determine if the BHWs' knowledge and attitudes towards schistosomiasis and MDA is sufficient and correlated with resident knowledge and drug compliance...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124325/changes-in-fat-oxidation-in-response-to-various-regimes-of-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit
#5
REVIEW
Todd Anthony Astorino, Matthew M Schubert
Increased whole-body fat oxidation (FOx) has been consistently demonstrated in response to moderate intensity continuous exercise training. Completion of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and its more intense form, sprint interval training (SIT), has also been reported to increase FOx in different populations. An explanation for this increase in FOx is primarily peripheral adaptations via improvements in mitochondrial content and function. However, studies examining changes in FOx are less common in response to HIIT or SIT than those determining increases in maximal oxygen uptake which is concerning, considering that FOx has been identified as a predictor of weight gain and glycemic control...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121895/the-relationship-between-resident-burnout-and-safety-related-and-acceptability-related-quality-of-healthcare-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Carolyn S Dewa, Desmond Loong, Sarah Bonato, Lucy Trojanowski, Margaret Rea
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in examining the relationship between physician wellbeing and quality of patient care. However, few reviews have specifically focused on resident burnout and quality of patient care. The purpose of this systematic literature review of the current scientific literature is to address the question, "How does resident burnout affect the quality of healthcare related to the dimensions of acceptability and safety?" METHODS: This systematic literature review uses a multi-step screening process of publicly available peer-reviewed studies from five electronic databases: (1) Medline Current, (2) Medline In-process, (3) PsycINFO, (4) Embase, and (5) Web of Science...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091465/validity-of-the-online-athlete-management-system-to-assess-training-load
#7
Miranda J Menaspà, Paolo Menaspà, Sally A Clark, Maurizio Fanchini
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to validate the quantification of training load (s-RPE) in an Australian Olympic squad (women's water polo), assessed with the use of a modified RPE scale collected via a newly developed online system (Athlete Management System, AMS). METHODS: Sixteen elite women water polo players (age 26 ± 3 y, height 1.78 ± 0.05 m, body mass 75.5 ± 7.1 kg) participated in the study. Thirty training sessions were monitored, for a total of 303 individual sessions...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066440/exercise-training-reveals-inflexibility-of-the-diaphragm-in-an-animal-model-of-patients-with-obesity-driven-heart-failure-with-a-preserved-ejection-fraction
#8
T Scott Bowen, Dominic Brauer, Natale P L Rolim, Fredrik H Bækkerud, Angela Kricke, Anne-Marie Ormbostad Berre, Tina Fischer, Axel Linke, Gustavo Justo da Silva, Ulrik Wisloff, Volker Adams
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness contributes to exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)-a condition characterized by multiple comorbidities with few proven treatments. We aimed, therefore, to provide novel insight into the underlying diaphragmatic alterations that occur in HFpEF by using an obese cardiometabolic rat model and further assessed whether exercise training performed only after the development of overt HFpEF could reverse impairments...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051134/a-telerehabilitation-approach-to-enhance-quality-of-life-through-exercise-among-adults-with-paraplegia-study-protocol
#9
Shane Norman Sweet, Meredith Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Brigitte Fillion
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence linking physical activity and quality of life among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI), exercise participation rates are extremely low in this population. Unfortunately, a lack of behavioral exercise interventions, in particular theory-based randomized controlled trials (RCT), exists within the SCI literature. A pilot RCT is needed to first examine the feasibility to conduct such interventions and determine the appropriate effect size to inform future full-scale interventions...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033829/exercise-training-increases-parietal-lobe-cerebral-blood-flow-in-chronic-stroke-an-observational-study
#10
Andrew D Robertson, Susan Marzolini, Laura E Middleton, Vincenzo S Basile, Paul I Oh, Bradley J MacIntosh
Exercise is increasingly recommended as an essential component of stroke rehabilitation, yet uncertainty remains with respect to its direct effect on the cerebral vasculature. The current study first demonstrated the repeatability of pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in older adults with stroke, and then investigated the change in cerebrovascular function following a 6-month cardiovascular rehabilitation program. In the repeatability study, 12 participants at least 3 months post-stroke underwent two ASL imaging scans 1 month apart...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021913/exergaming-can-be-an-innovative-way-of-enjoyable-high-intensity-interval-training
#11
Trine Moholdt, Stian Weie, Konstantinos Chorianopoulos, Alf Inge Wang, Kristoffer Hagen
OBJECTIVES: Exergames can replace sedentary time spent on computer gaming with physical activity. Previous research has found exergaming to elicit light-to-moderate exercise intensity. Our primary aim was to examine the exercise intensity of a newly developed biking exergame. METHODS: Eight males (23.9±0.6 years) played the exergame (PLAY) and walked (WALK) on three separate occasions, with the condition counterbalanced and in random sequence within each day. They were asked to PLAY and WALK for a minimum of 15 min and then continue for as long as they wanted...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018361/new-methods-for-processing-and-quantifying-vo2-kinetics-to-steady-state-vo2-onset-kinetics
#12
Craig R McNulty, Robert A Robergs
Current methods of oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics data handling may be too simplistic for the complex physiology involved in the underlying physiological processes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantify the VO2 kinetics to steady state across the full range of sub-ventilatory threshold work rates, with a particular focus on the VO2 onset kinetics. Ten healthy, moderately trained males participated in five bouts of cycling. Each bout involved 10 min at a percentage of the subject's ventilation threshold (30, 45, 60, 75, 90%) from unloaded cycling...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018351/upper-body-muscular-endurance-training-improves-performance-following-50-min-of-double-poling-in-well-trained-cross-country-skiers
#13
Jørgen Børve, Steffen N Jevne, Bjarne Rud, Thomas Losnegard
This study investigated the effect of muscular endurance training on O2-cost and performance in double poling (DP) on a rollerski treadmill. Twenty-two well-trained cross-country skiers (31 ± 4 years, 77 ± 9 kg, 181 ± 8 cm, VO2max running: 64 ± 5 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) were counter-balanced to either a combined muscular endurance and running interval training group [MET; n = 11 (♂ = 9, ♀ = 2)], or an endurance running interval training group [ET; n = 11 (♂ = 9, ♀ = 2)]. Both groups continued their normal low-and moderate intensity training, but replaced 2 weekly high intensity-training sessions with two project-specific sessions for 6 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990823/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-education-programs-for-nurses
#14
Monika S Ferguson, Julie A Reis, Lyn Rabbetts, Heather-Jean Ashby, Miriam Bayes, Tara McCracken, Christine Ross, Nicholas G Procter
BACKGROUND: Education to improve health professionals' responses to suicide is considered an important suicide prevention strategy. However, the effectiveness of this approach for nurses is unclear. AIM: To systematically review the peer-reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention education programs for nurses. METHOD: Nine academic databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Reviews & Trials, Embase, Informit Health Collection, Joanna Briggs Institute, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched in November 2016, utilizing search terms related to suicide, education, and nurses, with no limits placed on publication date or study design...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987585/producer-estimates-of-prevalence-and-perceived-importance-of-lameness-in-dairy-herds-with-tiestalls-freestalls-and-automated-milking-systems
#15
J H Higginson Cutler, J Rushen, A M de Passillé, J Gibbons, K Orsel, E Pajor, H W Barkema, L Solano, D Pellerin, D Haley, E Vasseur
Lameness is one of the most important welfare and productivity concerns in the dairy industry. Our objectives were to obtain producers' estimates of its prevalence and their perceptions of lameness, and to investigate how producers monitor lameness in tiestall (TS), freestall with milking parlor (FS), and automated milking system (AMS) herds. Forty focal cows per farm in 237 Canadian dairy herds were scored for lameness by trained researchers. On the same day, the producers completed a questionnaire. Mean herd-level prevalence of lameness estimated by producers was 9...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986087/risk-factors-for-injury-associated-with-low-moderate-and-high-mileage-road-marching-in-a-u-s-army-infantry-brigade
#16
Anna Schuh-Renner, Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Veronique D Hauschild, Tanja C Roy, Jeremy Fletcher, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: Road marching is an important physical training activity that prepares soldiers for a common occupational task. Continued exploration of risk factors for road marching-related injuries is needed. This analysis has assessed the association between modifiable characteristics of physical training and injury risk. METHODS: Injuries in the previous 6 months were captured by survey from 831 U.S. Army infantry soldiers. Road marching-related injuries were reported as those attributed to road marching on foot for specified distances while carrying equipment...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981663/institutionalizing-and-sustaining-social-change-in-health-systems-the-case-of-uganda
#17
Jerald Hage, Joseph J Valadez
The key to high impact health services is institutionalizing and sustaining programme evaluation. Uganda represents a success story in the use of a specific programme evaluation method: Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS). Institutionalization is defined by two C's: competent programme evaluators and control mechanisms that effectively use evaluation data to improve health services. Sustainability means continued training and funding for the evaluation approach. Social science literature that researches institutionalization has emphasized 'stability', whereas in global health, the issue is determining how to improve the impact of services by 'changing' programmes...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975959/challenges-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-grown-up-patients
#18
Markus Schwerzmann, Fabienne Schwitz, Corina Thomet, Alexander Kadner, Jean-Pierre Pfammatter, Kerstin Wustmann
Nowadays, more than 90% of all children born with congenital heart disease (CHD) reach adult life. Although initially considered to be cured, the majority of them continue to need specialised follow-up because they require re-do interventions or are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications and premature death. Arrhythmias are the most common cause of unscheduled hospital visits for grown-up CHD (GUCH) patients, accounting for one third of emergency admissions in these patients. Some GUCH patients are also at increased risk for sudden cardiac death...
October 4, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971286/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Johann Altenberger
Heart failure is a malignant disorder with increasing prevalence and a high socioeconomic impact. Sceletal muscle myopathy seems to play a key role in the development of exercise intolerance. Cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure mainly adresses training, namely moderate continuous endurance training or interval training in combination with resistance training, and is highly recommended in the current ESC-guidelines. Following a multimodal concept cardiac rehabilitation also implements optimisation of neurohumoral therapy, education and counselling to empower self-care as well as psychosocial support...
October 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959911/short-term-interval-training-alters-brain-glucose-metabolism-in-subjects-with-insulin-resistance
#20
Sanna M Honkala, Jarkko Johansson, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Juhani Knuuti, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
Brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (GU) is increased in obese and insulin resistant subjects but normalizes after weight loss along with improved whole-body insulin sensitivity. Our aim was to study whether short-term exercise training (moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) or sprint interval training (SIT)) alters substrates for brain energy metabolism in insulin resistance. Sedentary subjects ( n = 21, BMI 23.7-34.3 kg/m(2), age 43-55 y) with insulin resistance were randomized into MICT ( n = 11, intensity≥60% of VO2peak) or SIT ( n = 10, all-out) groups for a two-week training intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
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