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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932907/effects-of-self-paced-interval-and-continuous-training-on-health-markers-in-women
#1
Luke J Connolly, Stephen J Bailey, Peter Krustrup, Jonathan Fulford, Chris Smietanka, Andrew M Jones
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of self-paced high-intensity interval and continuous cycle training on health markers in premenopausal women. METHODS: Forty-five inactive females were randomised to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 15), continuous training (CT; n = 15) or an inactive control (CON; n = 15) group. HIIT performed 5 × 5 min sets comprising repetitions of 30-s low-, 20-s moderate- and 10-s high-intensity cycling with 2 min rest between sets...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910548/time-of-day-effects-of-exposure-to-solar-radiation-on-thermoregulation-during-outdoor-exercise-in-the-heat
#2
Hidenori Otani, Takayuki Goto, Heita Goto, Minayuki Shirato
High solar radiation has been recognised as a contributing factor to exertional heat-related illness in individuals exercising outdoors in the heat. Although solar radiation intensity has been known to have similar time-of-day variation as body temperature, the relationship between fluctuations in solar radiation associated with diurnal change in the angle of sunlight and thermoregulatory responses in individuals exercising outdoors in a hot environment remains largely unknown. The present study therefore investigated the time-of-day effects of variations in solar radiation associated with changing solar elevation angle on thermoregulatory responses during moderate-intensity outdoor exercise in the heat of summer...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894544/success-rate-evaluation-of-clinical-governance-implementation-in-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-iran-based-on-nine-steps-of-karsh-s-model
#4
Leila Vali, Zahra Mastaneh, Ali Mouseli, Vida Kardanmoghadam, Sodabeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: One of the ways to improve the quality of services in the health system is through clinical governance. This method aims to create a framework for clinical services providers to be accountable in return for continuing improvement of quality and maintaining standards of services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success rate of clinical governance implementation in Kerman teaching hospitals based on 9 steps of Karsh's Model. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 94 people including chief executive officers (CEOs), nursing managers, clinical governance managers and experts, head nurses and nurses...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879617/high-but-not-moderate-intensity-endurance-training-increases-pain-tolerance-a-randomised-trial
#5
Thomas J O'Leary, Johnny Collett, Ken Howells, Martyn G Morris
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to volume-matched moderate-intensity continuous training (CONT) on muscle pain tolerance and high-intensity exercise tolerance. METHODS: Twenty healthy adults were randomly assigned (1:1) to either 6 weeks of HIIT [6-8 × 5 min at halfway between lactate threshold and maximal oxygen uptake (50%Δ)] or volume-matched CONT (~60-80 min at 90% lactate threshold) on a cycle ergometer...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874821/sprint-interval-training-decreases-left-ventricular-glucose-uptake-compared-to-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-or-prediabetes
#6
Marja A Heiskanen, Tanja J Sjöros, Ilkka H A Heinonen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Mikko Koivumäki, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Juhani Knuuti, Jarna C Hannukainen, Kari K Kalliokoski
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with reduced myocardial glucose uptake (GU) and increased free fatty acid uptake (FFAU). Sprint interval training (SIT) improves physical exercise capacity and metabolic biomarkers, but effects of SIT on cardiac function and energy substrate metabolism in diabetic subjects are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that SIT is more effective than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on adaptations in left and right ventricle (LV and RV) glucose and fatty acid metabolism in diabetic subjects...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864793/impact-of-a-differential-learning-approach-on-practical-exam-performance-a-controlled-study-in-a-preclinical-dental-course
#7
Sven-Olav Pabel, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Jan Schmickler, Xenia Schulz, Annette Wiegand
The aim of this study was to evaluate if differential learning in a preclinical dental course impacted the performance of dental students in a practical exam (preparation of a gold partial crown) immediately after the training session and 20 weeks later compared to conventional learning. This controlled study was performed in a preclinical course in operative dentistry at a dental school in Germany. Third-year students were trained in preparing gold partial crowns by using either the conventional learning (n=41) or the differential learning approach (n=32)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857909/affective-adaptation-to-repeated-sit-and-mict-protocols-in-insulin-resistant-subjects
#8
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Nummenmaa, Mikko Koivumäki, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate affective responses to repeated sessions of sprint interval training (SIT) in comparison with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in insulin resistant subjects. METHODS: Twenty-six insulin resistant adults (age: 49 (4) years, 10 women) were randomized into SIT (n=13) or MICT (n=13) groups. Subjects completed six supervised training sessions within 2 weeks (SIT session: 4-6 × 30 s all-out cycling/4-min recovery; MICT session: 40-60 min at 60% peak work load)...
August 29, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857058/climate-conditions-workplace-heat-and-occupational-health-in-south-east-asia-in-the-context-of-climate-change
#9
Tord Kjellstrom, Bruno Lemke, Matthias Otto
Occupational health is particularly affected by high heat exposures in workplaces, which will be an increasing problem as climate change progresses. People working in jobs of moderate or heavy work intensity in hot environments are at particular risk, owing to exposure to high environmental heat and internal heat production. This heat needs to be released to protect health, and such release is difficult or impossible at high temperatures and high air humidity. A range of clinical health effects can occur, and the heat-related physical exhaustion leads to a reduction of work capacity and labour productivity, which may cause substantial economic losses...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855969/development-of-low-volume-high-intensity-aerobic-type-interval-training-for-elderly-japanese-men-a-feasibility-study
#10
Yosuke Osuka, Muneaki Matsubara, Ai Hamasaki, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ohshima, Kiyoji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to identify 1) the feasibility of a novel exercise protocol (elderly Japanese male version of high-intensity interval aerobic training: EJ-HIAT) and 2) its preliminary data (%V̇O2peak, rating of perceived exertion) in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). RESULTS: Twenty-one sedentary elderly men, aged 60-69 years, performed two exercise protocols: EJ-HIAT, consisting of 3 sets of 2-3-min cycling at 75-85%V̇O2peak with 1-2-min active rests at 50%V̇O2peak between sets, and MICT, consisting of 40-min cycling at 65%V̇O2peak...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853029/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fitness-fat-mass-and-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Katrin A Dias, Charlotte B Ingul, Arnt E Tjønna, Shelley E Keating, Sjaan R Gomersall, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Margrete Haram, Else Marie Huuse, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: Paediatric obesity significantly increases the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases across the lifespan. Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) could mitigate this risk. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves CRF in clinical adult populations but the evidence in paediatric obesity is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a 12-week, HIIT intervention for increasing CRF and reducing adiposity in children with obesity...
August 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846513/low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-is-sufficient-to-ameliorate-the-severity-of-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Joyce S Ramos, Lance C Dalleck, Fabio Borrani, Kassia S Beetham, Matthew P Wallen, Alistair R Mallard, Bronwyn Clark, Sjaan Gomersall, Shelley E Keating, Robert G Fassett, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) at improving cardiometabolic risk. However, the optimal volume of HIIT to reduce the severity of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has yet to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of different volumes of HIIT and MICT on MetS severity (MetS z-score). METHODS: This was a substudy of the "Exercise in prevention of Metabolic Syndrome" (EX-MET) multicenter trial, reporting data collected at the Brisbane site...
September 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843495/high-intensity-interval-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-superior-metabolic-benefits-in-diet-induced-obesity-mice
#13
Ningning Wang, Yang Liu, Yanan Ma, Deliang Wen
AIMS: Exercise is beneficial in obesity, however, the debate about the value of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) has been long lasting. Therefore, here we have compared the possible beneficial effects of two different exercise training regimes in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following 7wk. on high fat diet (HFD), ten-week-old male ICR mice (n=30) were assigned to HIIT, distance-matched MICT or remained sedentary for the next 8 constitutive weeks while maintaining the dietary treatments...
August 23, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842722/glucose-effectiveness-but-not-insulin-sensitivity-is-improved-after-short-term-interval-training-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-controlled-randomised-crossover-trial
#14
Kristian Karstoft, Margaret A Clark, Ida Jakobsen, Sine H Knudsen, Gerrit van Hall, Bente K Pedersen, Thomas P J Solomon
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The role of glucose effectiveness (S G) in training-induced improvements in glucose metabolism in individuals with type 2 diabetes is unknown. The objectives and primary outcomes of this study were: (1) to assess the efficacy of interval walking training (IWT) and continuous walking training (CWT) on S G and insulin sensitivity (S I) in individuals with type 2 diabetes; and (2) to assess the association of changes in S G and S I with changes in glycaemic control. METHODS: Fourteen participants with type 2 diabetes underwent three trials (IWT, CWT and no training) in a crossover study...
August 25, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835898/chronic-effects-of-resistance-training-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
REVIEW
Wanderson Divino Nilo Dos Santos, Paulo Gentil, Rafael Felipe de Moraes, João Batista Ferreira Júnior, Mário Hebling Campos, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Ruffo Freitas Júnior, Martim Bottaro, Carlos Alexandre Vieira
Objective. To analyse effects of resistance training (RT) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and how protocols and acute variables were manipulated. Methods. Search was made at PubMed, Science Direct, and LILACS. All articles published between 2000 and 2016 were considered. Studies that met the following criteria were included: written in English, Spanish, or Portuguese; BCS who have undergone surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy; additional RT only; analysis of muscle performance, body mass composition (BMC), psychosocial parameters, or blood biomarkers...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830759/phencyclidine-like-in%C3%A2-vivo-effects-of-methoxetamine-in-mice-and-rats
#16
Michael D Berquist, William S Hyatt, Jonathan Bauer-Erickson, Brenda M Gannon, Andrew P Norwood, William E Fantegrossi
Methoxetamine (MXE) is a novel drug of abuse that is structurally similar to phencyclidine (PCP). In the present study, rats were trained to discriminate PCP from saline and substitution tests were performed with arylcyclohexylamines PCP, eticyclidine (PCE), tenocyclidine (TCP), and MXE. PCP and PCE engendered PCP-lever selection in all subjects, whereas MXE and TCP produced PCP-lever selection in animals that did not display behavioral disruption. Last, the substituted tryptamine dipropyltryptamine (DPT) produced moderate PCP-lever selection and elicited behavioral disruption in all subjects at the highest dose tested...
August 19, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#17
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811138/intermittent-hypoxia-training-powerful-non-invasive-cerebroprotection-against-ethanol-withdrawal-excitotoxicity
#18
REVIEW
Marianna E Jung, Robert T Mallet
Ethanol intoxication and withdrawal exact a devastating toll on the central nervous system. Abrupt ethanol withdrawal provokes massive release of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, which over-activates its postsynaptic receptors, causing intense Ca(2+) loading, p38 mitogen activated protein kinase activation and oxidative stress, culminating in ATP depletion, mitochondrial injury, amyloid β deposition and neuronal death. Collectively, these mechanisms produce neurocognitive and sensorimotor dysfunction that discourages continued abstinence...
August 12, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800520/a-modified-delphi-process-to-identify-clinical-and-research-priorities-in-patient-and-family-centred-critical-care
#19
Simon J W Oczkowski, Selena Au, Amanda Roze des Ordons, Marlyn Gill, Melissa L Potestio, Orla Smith, Tasnim Sinuff, Henry T Stelfox, Alison E Fox-Robichaud
PURPOSE: To identify elements which enable patient and family centred care (PFCC) in the intensive care unit (ICU) and priorities for PFCC research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We engaged a panel of multidisciplinary stakeholders in a modified Delphi process. Items generated from a literature review and panelist suggestions were rated in 3 successive rounds on a scale from 1 to 7. Median score was used to rate each item's priority, with 5 or more indicating "essential priority," 4 or 5 "moderate priority" and 3 or less "low priority...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798912/force-myography-for-monitoring-grasping-in-individuals-with-stroke-with-mild-to-moderate-upper-extremity-impairments-a-preliminary-investigation-in-a-controlled-environment
#20
Gautam P Sadarangani, Xianta Jiang, Lisa A Simpson, Janice J Eng, Carlo Menon
There is increasing research interest in technologies that can detect grasping, to encourage functional use of the hand as part of daily living, and thus promote upper-extremity motor recovery in individuals with stroke. Force myography (FMG) has been shown to be effective for providing biofeedback to improve fine motor function in structured rehabilitation settings, involving isolated repetitions of a single grasp type, elicited at a predictable time, without upper-extremity movements. The use of FMG, with machine learning techniques, to detect and distinguish between grasping and no grasping, continues to be an active area of research, in healthy individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
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