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Moderate continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430695/cerebral-recovery-index-reliable-help-for-prediction-of-neurologic-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Marleen C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, Jeannette Hofmeijer, Albertus Beishuizen, Harold W Hom, Michiel J Blans, Frank H Bosch, Michel J A M van Putten
OBJECTIVE: Early electroencephalography measures contribute to outcome prediction of comatose patients after cardiac arrest. We present predictive values of a new cerebral recovery index, based on a combination of quantitative electroencephalography measures, extracted every hour, and combined by the use of a random forest classifier. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Medical ICU of two large teaching hospitals in the Netherlands...
April 20, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428769/individualized-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-in-chronic-tinnitus
#2
Peter M Kreuzer, Timm B Poeppl, Rainer Rupprecht, Veronika Vielsmeier, Astrid Lehner, Berthold Langguth, Martin Schecklmann
BACKGROUND: Prefrontal and temporo-parietal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients suffering from chronic tinnitus have shown significant but only moderate effectiveness with high interindividual variability in treatment response. This open-label pilot study was designed to examine the general feasibility of an individualized fronto-temporal rTMS protocol and to explore what criteria are needed for a more detailed evaluation in randomized clinical studies. METHODS: During the first session of a 2-week rTMS protocol, we applied different rTMS protocols to the left and right temporo-parietal and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 25 tinnitus patients...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417673/research-progress-from-the-sci-model-systems-scims-an-interactive-discussion-on-future-directions
#3
Michael L Boninger, Edelle C Field-Fote, Steven C Kirshblum, Daniel P Lammertse, Trevor A Dyson-Hudson, Lesley Hudson, Allen W Heinemann
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: To describe current and future directions in spinal cord injury (SCI) research. DESIGN: The SCI Model Systems (SCIMS) programs funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) during the 2011 to 2016 cycle provided abstracts describing findings from current research projects. Discussion among session participants generated ideas for research opportunities. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Pre-conference workshop before the 2016 American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) annual meeting...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409397/the-effect-of-high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-on-markers-of-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-populations
#4
Nicholas G Allen, Samuel M Higham, Amy E Mendham, Tegan E Kastelein, Penelope S Larsen, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT; 30 s sprint, 4-5 min passive recovery) and prolonged intermittent sprint training (PIST; 10 s sprint, 2-3 min moderate exercise) on the systemic inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), aerobic capacity, and anthropometry in a middle-aged, sedentary population. METHODS: Fifty-five sedentary adults (age 49.2 ± 6.1 years) were randomised into HIIT (n = 20), PIST (n = 21), or a sedentary control group (CTRL n = 14)...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401638/the-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
M Wewege, R van den Berg, R E Ward, A Keech
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for improvements in body composition in overweight and obese adults. METHODS: Trials comparing HIIT and MICT in overweight or obese participants aged 18-45 years were included. Direct measures (e.g. whole-body fat mass) and indirect measures (e.g. waist circumference) were examined. RESULTS: From 1,334 articles initially screened, 13 were included...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398946/high-intensity-interval-training-appetite-and-reward-value-of-food-in-the-obese
#6
Catia Martins, Irina Aschehoug, Marit Ludviksen, Jens Holst, Graham Finlayson, Ulrik Wisloff, Linda Morgan, Neil King, Bård Kulseng
PURPOSE: Studies on the impact of chronic interval training on appetite in the obese population are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 weeks of isocaloric programs of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or high-intensity interval training (HIIT), or a short-duration HIIT (1/2HIIT), on subjective feelings of appetite, appetite-related hormones and reward value of food in sedentary obese individuals. METHODS: Forty-six sedentary obese individuals (30 women and 16 men), with a BMI of 33...
April 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392340/exercise-intensity-redox-homeostasis-and-inflammation-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Alistair R Mallard, Siri Marte Hollekim-Strand, Jeff S Coombes, Charlotte B Ingul
OBJECTIVES: To compare 12 weeks of exercise training at two intensities on oxidative stress, antioxidants and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). DESIGN: Randomized trial. METHODS: Thirty-six participants with T2D were randomized to complete either 12 weeks of treadmill based high-intensity interval training (HIIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), followed by 40 weeks of home-based training at the same intensities...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391489/research-into-the-health-benefits-of-sprint-interval-training-should-focus-on-protocols-with-fewer-and-shorter-sprints
#8
Niels B J Vollaard, Richard S Metcalfe
Over the past decade, it has been convincingly shown that regularly performing repeated brief supramaximal cycle sprints (sprint interval training [SIT]) is associated with aerobic adaptations and health benefits similar to or greater than with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). SIT is often promoted as a time-efficient exercise strategy, but the most commonly studied SIT protocol (4-6 repeated 30-s Wingate sprints with 4 min recovery, here referred to as 'classic' SIT) takes up to approximately 30 min per session...
April 8, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386556/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-aerobic-capacity-in-cardiac-patients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
Bin Xie, Xianfeng Yan, Xiangna Cai, Jilin Li
Purpose. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (INTERVAL) and moderate-intensity continuous training (CONTINUOUS) on aerobic capacity in cardiac patients. Methods. A meta-analysis identified by searching the PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from inception through December 2016 compared the effects of INTERVAL and CONTINUOUS among cardiac patients. Results. Twenty-one studies involving 736 participants with cardiac diseases were included...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385556/high-intensity-interval-training-for-maximizing-health-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Trine Karlsen, Inger-Lise Aamot, Mark Haykowsky, Øivind Rognmo
Regular physical activity or exercise training are important actions to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and maintain health throughout life. There is solid evidence that exercise is an effective preventative strategy against at least 25 medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, colon and breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Traditionally, endurance exercise training (ET) to improve health related outcomes has consisted of low- to moderate ET intensity. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that higher exercise intensities may be superior to moderate intensity for maximizing health outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383822/preparing-childhood-cancer-survivors-for-transition-to-adult-care-the-young-adult-perspective
#11
Natasha N Frederick, Sharon L Bober, Lexie Berwick, Mary Tower, Lisa B Kenney
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain at risk for developing treatment-associated health conditions as they age; however, many do not obtain recommended follow-up, putting them at unnecessary risk for morbidity. Educational interventions targeted at providing survivors with the knowledge and skills necessary for healthcare independence might improve adherence and outcomes as they transition care to the adult medical system. OBJECTIVE: To identify informational needs, educational preferences, and support that young adult CCSs perceive as beneficial for transition from pediatric to adult medical care...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378071/can-intervals-enhance-the-inflammatory-response-and-enjoyment-in-upper-body-exercise
#12
Sven P Hoekstra, Nicolette C Bishop, Christof A Leicht
PURPOSE: To investigate the inflammatory and perceptual responses to three different forms of upper-body exercise. METHODS: Twelve recreationally active, able-bodied males performed three work-matched arm-crank sessions in a randomised order: 30 min moderate-intensity continuous (CON), 30 min moderate-intensity with changes in cadence (CAD) and 20 min high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Blood samples were taken pre, post and 2-h post-exercise to determine plasma concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1ra...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375548/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#13
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, Tricia T Nguyen, Christian H Dall, Laura Burgess, Charlene Bridges, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart disease when medical therapy has been unable to halt progression of the underlying pathology. Evidence suggests that aerobic exercise training may be effective in reversing the pathophysiological consequences associated with cardiac denervation and prevent immunosuppression-induced adverse effects in heart transplant recipients. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of exercise-based rehabilitation on the mortality, hospital admissions, adverse events, exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, return to work and costs for people after heart transplantation...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373911/feasibility-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-adults-with-inactive-or-mildly-active-crohn-s-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Garry A Tew, Roger Carpenter, Michael Seed, Simon Anderson, Louise Langmead, Caroline Fairhurst, Lindsay Bottoms
BACKGROUND: Structured exercise training has been proposed as a useful adjunctive therapy for Crohn's disease by improving immune function and psychological health, reducing fatigue and promoting gains in muscle and bone strength. However, the evidence for exercise in Crohn's disease is sparse, with only a handful of small prospective trials [1, 2], with methodological limitations, including the use of non-randomised and non-controlled study designs and small sample sizes. Here, we describe the protocol for a study that aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of two common types of exercise training-high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT)-in adults with inactive or mildly active Crohn's disease (CD)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368957/impact-of-endurance-exercise-in-hypoxia-on-muscle-damage-inflammatory-and-performance-responses
#15
Daichi Sumi, Chihiro Kojima, Kazushige Goto
This study evaluated muscle damage and inflammatory and performance responses following high-intensity endurance exercise in moderate hypoxia among endurance athletes. Nine trained endurance athletes completed two different trials on different days: exercise under moderate hypoxia (H trial, FiO2 = 14.5%) and normoxia (N trial, FiO2 = 20.9%). They performed interval exercises (10 × 3-min running at 95% of VO2max with 60-s of active rest at 60% of VO2max) followed by 30-min of continuous running at 85% of VO2max under either hypoxic or normoxic conditions...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366674/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Shohn G Wormgoor, Lance C Dalleck, Caryn Zinn, Nigel K Harris
People with type 2 diabetes typically present with comorbidities, such as elevated blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, obesity and decreased fitness, all contributive to increased risk for cardiovascular complications. Determination of effective exercise modalities for the management of such complications is important. One such modality is high-intensity interval training (HIIT). To conduct the review, PubMed and EBSCOHost databases were searched through June 1, 2016, for all HIIT intervention studies conducted in people living with type 2 diabetes...
March 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361497/group-behaviour-therapy-programmes-for-smoking-cessation
#17
REVIEW
Lindsay F Stead, Allison J Carroll, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Group therapy offers individuals the opportunity to learn behavioural techniques for smoking cessation, and to provide each other with mutual support. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of group-delivered behavioural interventions in achieving long-term smoking cessation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialized Register, using the terms 'behavior therapy', 'cognitive therapy', 'psychotherapy' or 'group therapy', in May 2016...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349529/continuous-chest-compression-versus-interrupted-chest-compression-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-of-non-asphyxial-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#18
REVIEW
Lei Zhan, Li J Yang, Yu Huang, Qing He, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death worldwide. Cardiac arrest can be subdivided into asphyxial and non asphyxial etiologies. An asphyxia arrest is caused by lack of oxygen in the blood and occurs in drowning and choking victims and in other circumstances. A non asphyxial arrest is usually a loss of functioning cardiac electrical activity. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a well-established treatment for cardiac arrest. Conventional CPR includes both chest compressions and 'rescue breathing' such as mouth-to-mouth breathing...
March 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342828/-resistance-training-for-muscle-weakness-in-multiple-sclerosis-direct-versus-contralateral-approach-in-individuals-with-ankle-dorsiflexors-disparity-in-strength
#19
Andrea Manca, Maria Paola Cabboi, Daniele Dragone, Francesca Ginatempo, Enzo Ortu, Edoardo Rosario De Natale, Beniamina Mercante, Giovanni Mureddu, Guido Bua, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To compare effects of contralateral strength training (CST) versus direct strength training (DST) of the more-affected ankle dorsiflexors on muscle performance and clinical-functional outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) exhibiting inter-limb strength asymmetry. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with relapsing-remitting MS and mild-to-moderate disability (EDSS≤6) presenting with ankle dorsiflexors' strength disparity...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321925/effects-of-6-month-aerobic-interval-training-on-skeletal-muscle-metabolism-in-middle-aged-metabolic-syndrome-patients
#20
A Guadalupe-Grau, V E Fernández-Elías, J F Ortega, F Dela, J W Helge, R Mora-Rodriguez
Aerobic interval training (AIT) improves the health of metabolic syndrome patients (MetS) more than moderate intensity continuous training. However, AIT has not been shown to reverse all metabolic syndrome risk factors, possibly due to the limited duration of the training programs. Thus, we assessed the effects of 6 months of AIT on cardio-metabolic health and muscle metabolism in middle-aged MetS. Eleven MetS (54.5±0.7 years old) underwent 6 months of 3 days a week supervised AIT program on a cycle ergometer...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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