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Moderate continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229568/yo-yo-ir1-vs-incremental-continuous-running-test-for-prediction-of-3000-m-performance
#1
Boris Schmitz, Andreas Klose, Katrin Schelleckes, Charlotte M Jekat, Michael Krüger, Stefan-Martin Brand
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare physiological responses during the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test and an incremental continuous running field test (ICRT) and to analyze their predictive value on 3000 m running performance. METHODS: Forty moderately trained individuals (18 females) performed the ICRT and Yo-Yo IR1 test to exhaustion. The ICRT was performed as graded running test with an increase of 2.0 km·h-1 after each 3 min interval for lactate diagnostic...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#2
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223710/high-intensity-aerobic-exercise-improves-both-hepatic-fat-content-and-stiffness-in-sedentary-obese-men-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Sechang Oh, Rina So, Takashi Shida, Tomoaki Matsuo, Bokun Kim, Kentaro Akiyama, Tomonori Isobe, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Kiyoji Tanaka, Junichi Shoda
We compared the effects of 12-week programs of resistance training (RT), high-intensity interval aerobic training (HIAT), and moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). The primary goal was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of the exercise modalities for the management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A total of 61 sedentary obese men with NAFLD were randomized into one of the following exercise regimens (RT, HIAT, or MICT). Hepatic fat content was decreased to a similar extent in the RT, HIAT, and MICT groups (-14...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216412/sex-impacts-the-flow-mediated-dilation-response-to-acute-aerobic-exercise-in-older-adults
#4
Jeung-Ki Yoo, Michelle M Pinto, Han-Kyul Kim, Chueh-Lung Hwang, Jisok Lim, Eileen M Handberg, Demetra D Christou
There is growing evidence of sex differences in the chronic effect of aerobic exercise on endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation; FMD) in older adults, but whether there are sex differences also in the acute effect of aerobic exercise on FMD in older adults is unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that sex modulates the FMD response to acute aerobic exercise in older adults. Thirteen older men and fifteen postmenopausal women (67±1 vs. 65±2years, means±SE, P=0.6), non-smokers, free of major clinical disease, participated in this randomized crossover study...
February 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207951/endurance-capacity-and-neuromuscular-fatigue-following-high-vs-moderate-intensity-endurance-training-a-randomised-trial
#5
Thomas J O'Leary, Johnny Collett, Ken Howells, Martyn G Morris
High-intensity exercise induces significant central and peripheral fatigue, however the effect of endurance training on these mechanisms of fatigue is poorly understood. We compared the effect of cycling endurance training of disparate intensities on high-intensity exercise endurance capacity and the associated limiting central and peripheral fatigue mechanisms. Twenty adults were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of either high-intensity interval training (HIIT, 6-8 × 5 min at halfway between lactate threshold and maximal oxygen uptake [50%Δ]) or volume matched moderate-intensity continuous training (CONT, ~60-80 min at 90% lactate threshold)...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183816/two-weeks-of-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-but-not-high-intensity-interval-training-increases-insulin-stimulated-intestinal-glucose-uptake
#6
Kumail Kumar Motiani, Anna M Savolainen, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Jussi Toivanen, Tamiko Ishizu, Minna Yli-Karjanmaa, Kirsi A Virtanen, Riitta Parkkola, Jukka Kapanen, Tove J Gronroos, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Olof Solin, Nina Savisto, Markku Ahotupa, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Juhani Knuuti, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
Similar to muscles, the intestine is also insulin resistant in obese subjects and subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Exercise training improves muscle insulin sensitivity, but its effects on intestinal metabolism are not known. We studied the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) on intestinal glucose and free fatty acid uptake from circulation in humans. Twenty-eight healthy middle-aged sedentary men were randomized for two weeks of HIIT or MICT...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183444/effects-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#7
Christina N Katsagoni, Michael Georgoulis, George V Papatheodoridis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Meropi D Kontogianni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although lifestyle modifications remain the cornerstone therapy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the optimal lifestyle intervention is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of exercise and/or dietary interventions, type or intensity of exercise and type of diet, on liver function outcomes (liver enzymes, intrahepatic fat and liver histology), as well as on anthropometric and glucose metabolism parameters in NAFLD patients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177703/loads-and-movement-speed-affect-energy-expenditure-during-circuit-resistance-exercise
#8
Kirk B Roberson, Kevin A Jacobs, Morgan J White, Joseph F Signorile
Circuit resistance training (CT) constitutes a high-intensity interval program commonly used to target weight loss; however, the loads and exercise patterns that maximize energy expenditure (EE) remain undetermined. We examined differences in EE among CT protocols using varying loads and contraction speeds in recreationally-trained males and females. Seven males (21.1 ± 0.5y) and eight females (20.0 ± 0.9y) performed three randomized CT protocols incorporating three circuits using heavy-load (80%1RM) explosive (HLEC), heavy-load, controlled (2s) (HLCC), and moderate-load (50%1RM) explosive contractions (MLEC)...
January 31, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166118/all-extremity-exercise-training-improves-arterial-stiffness-in-older-adults
#9
Han-Kyul Kim, Chueh-Lung Hwang, Jeung-Ki Yoo, Moon-Hyon Hwang, Eileen M Handberg, John W Petersen, Wilmer W Nichols, Sofia Sofianos, Demetra D Christou
: Large elastic arteries stiffen with age which predisposes older adults to increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Aerobic exercise training is known to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, but the optimal exercise prescription for attenuating large elastic arterial stiffening in older adults is not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effect of all-extremity high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid artery compliance in older adults...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160083/high-intensity-aerobic-interval-training-improves-aerobic-fitness-and-hba1c-among-persons-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Eva Maria Støa, Sondre Meling, Lill-Katrin Nyhus, Glenn Strømstad, Karl Magnus Mangerud, Jan Helgerud, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Øyvind Støren
PURPOSE: It remains to be established how high-intensity aerobic interval training (HAIT) affects risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes (TD2). This study investigated effects of HAIT on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), glycated Hemoglobin type A1C (HbA1c), insulin resistance (IR), fat oxidation (FatOx), body weight (BW), percent body fat (%BF), lactate threshold (LT), blood pressure (BP), and blood lipid profile (BLP) among persons with T2D. Results were compared to the effects after a moderate-intensity training (MIT) program...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156660/attitudes-of-radiation-oncologists-toward-palliative-and-supportive-care-in-the-united-states-report-on-national-membership-survey-by-the-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-astro
#11
James B Yu, Malcolm Mattes, Adrienne Thrasher, Hui-Kuo George Shu, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Harald Paganetti, Bridget F Koontz, Christopher Abraham, Tracy A Balboni
: 105 Background: Radiation oncologists are frequently involved in providing palliative and supportive care (PSC) for patients with advanced cancers through delivery of palliative radiation. Whether they are confident in their ability to assess and initiate treatments for pain, non-pain, and psychosocial distress is unknown. The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) surveyed its practicing members in the United States on self-assessment of their primary PSC skills, and access to continuing medical education on PSC...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156451/strength-training-to-enhance-early-recovery-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Eileen Collins, Chang Park, Tara Peters, Damiano Rondelli
: 190 Background: Intensive cancer treatment followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) results in moderate to severe fatigue and physical inactivity leading to diminished functional ability. METHODS: This study compared strength training to enhance early recovery (STEER) (n = 33) to attentional control with health education (n = 34) in adult HCT patients on primary outcomes (physical activity and fatigue) and secondary outcome (functional ability) in a single-blind randomized clinical trial...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155720/effects-of-8-week-swimming-training-on-carotid-arterial-stiffness-and-hemodynamics-in-young-overweight-adults
#13
Wen-Xue Yuan, Hai-Bin Liu, Feng-Shan Gao, Yan-Xia Wang, Kai-Rong Qin
BACKGROUND: Exercise has been found to either reduce or increase arterial stiffness. Land-based exercise modalities have been documented as effective physical therapies to decrease arterial stiffness. However, these land-based exercise modalities may not be suitable for overweight individuals, in terms of risks of joint injury. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 8-week swimming training and 4-week detraining on carotid arterial stiffness and hemodynamics in young overweight adults...
December 28, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155280/poor-consistency-in-evaluating-south-african-adults-with-neurogenic-dysphagia
#14
Mckinley Andrews, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists are specifically trained in clinically evaluating swallowing in adults with acute stroke. Incidence of dysphagia following acute stroke is high in South Africa, and health implications can be fatal, making optimal management of this patient population crucial. However, despite training and guidelines for best practice in clinically evaluating swallowing in adults with acute stroke, there are low levels of consistency in these practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the clinical practice activities of speech-language therapists in the clinical evaluation of swallowing in adults with acute stroke...
January 23, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154977/sex-differences-in-the-response-of-total-pyy-and-glp-1-to-moderate-intensity-continuous-and-sprint-interval-cycling-exercise
#15
Tom J Hazell, Logan K Townsend, Jillian R Hallworth, Jon Doan, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are often less effective at improving body composition for females than males, potentially due to post-exercise hormonal responses that increase energy intake in females. Recently, sprint interval training was shown to effectively reduce body fat in females despite being relatively low during exercise energy expenditure. PURPOSE: To determine whether any sex difference in total PYY, GLP-1 or perceived hunger exists following moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICT) and sprint interval exercise (SIT) METHODS: Twenty-one active participants (11 females) participated in three sessions in a randomized crossover design: (1) MICT, 30-min cycling at 65% VO2max; (2) SIT, 6 × 30 s "all-out" sprints with 4-min recovery periods; (3) control (CTRL; no exercise)...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153942/divergent-endothelial-function-but-similar-platelet-microvesicle-responses-following-eccentric-and-concentric-cycling-at-a-similar-aerobic-power-output
#16
Mark Rakobowchuk, Ophélie Ritter, Eurico Nestor Wilhelm, Laurie Isacco, Malika Bouhaddi, Bruno Degano, Nicolas Tordi, Laurent Mourot
Endothelial function and microvesicle concentration changes after acute bouts of continuous eccentric exercise have not been assessed previously nor compared to concentric exercise at similar aerobic power outputs. This method of training may be useful amongst some clinical populations, but acute responses are not well described. As such, twelve healthy males completed two experimental sessions of either 45 minutes of eccentric or concentric cycling at a matched aerobic power output below the ventilatory threshold...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150139/acute-effects-of-moderate-continuous-training-on-stress-test-related-pulse-pressure-and-wave-reflection-in-healthy-men
#17
Florian Milatz, Sascha Ketelhut, Reinhard G Ketelhut
INTRODUCTION: Arterial dysfunction develops early in life even in individuals with modest cardiovascular risk. Stress is associated with increased risk in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. AIM: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the acute effects of moderate continuous training (MCT) on established markers of arterial stiffness and cardiovascular risk during standardized cold pressor stress testing (CPT). METHODS: 29 young healthy male subjects (33...
February 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146032/different-training-loads-partially-influence-physiological-responses-to-preparation-period-in-basketball
#18
Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Antonio La Torre, Domenico Carlomagno, Darragh R Connolly, Ermanno Rampinini
The aim of this study was to compare perceived TL (sRPE-TL), training volume (TV) and the changes in physical fitness between professional (n=14) and semi-professional (n=18) basketball players during the preparation period. Furthermore, relationships between sRPE-TL and TV with changes in physical fitness level were investigated. The players performed the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test (Yo-Yo IR1) before and after the preparation period. In addition, physiological responses to a standardized 6-min continuous running test (Mognoni's test) and to a standardized 5-min high-intensity intermittent running test (HIT) were measured...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144155/different-consecutive-training-protocols-to-design-an-intervention-program-for-overweight-youth-a-controlled-study
#19
Giovanni Fiorilli, Enzo Iuliano, Giovanna Aquino, Emidio Campanella, Despina Tsopani, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno, Alessandra di Cagno
OBJECTIVE: To find the optimal exercise program to be recommended in reducing adiposity and promoting long-term physical activity adherence in a sample of overweight adolescents. METHODS: Forty-five overweight adolescents were randomly divided into three exercise groups, to perform two phases of physical activity as follows: in the first phase, the first group performed a 16-week moderate-intensity resistance training (RT), the second group performed a 16-week high-intensity RT, and the third group performed a 16-week aerobic training (AT); in the second phase, all groups performed a 6-week AT...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#20
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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