Read by QxMD icon Read


Heng Zhang, Hao Liu, Zhenbin Shen, Chao Lin, Xuefei Wang, Jing Qin, Xinyu Qin, Jiejie Xu, Yihong Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating neutrophils (TINs) and to generate a predictive model to refine postoperative risk stratification system for patients with gastric cancer. BACKGROUND: TIN presents in various malignant tumors, but its clinical significance in gastric cancer remains obscure. METHODS: The study enrolled 3 independent sets of patients with gastric cancer from 2 institutional medical centers of China...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Kazunari Sasaki, Daisuke Morioka, Simone Conci, Georgios A Margonis, Yu Sawada, Andrea Ruzzenente, Takafumi Kumamoto, Calogero Iacono, Nikolaos Andreatos, Alfredo Guglielmi, Itaru Endo, Timothy M Pawlik
OBJECTIVE: To apply the principles of the Metro-ticket paradigm to develop a prognostic model for patients undergoing hepatic resection of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). BACKGROUND: Whereas the hepatocellular "Metro-ticket" prognostic tool utilizes a continuum of tumor size and number, a similar concept of a CRLM Metro-ticket paradigm has not been investigated. METHODS: Tumor Burden Score (TBS) was defined using distance from the origin on a Cartesian plane incorporating maximum tumor size (x-axis) and number of lesions (y-axis)...
October 19, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Animesh Pardanani
: Disease overview:Systemic mastocytosis (SM) results from a clonal proliferation of abnormal mast cells (MC) in one or more extra-cutaneous organs. DIAGNOSIS: The major criterion is presence of multifocal clusters of morphologically abnormal MC in the bone marrow. Minor diagnostic criteria include elevated serum tryptase level, abnormal MC expression of CD25 and/or CD2, and presence of KITD816V. Risk stratification: The 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of SM has been shown to be prognostically relevant...
November 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Balaji K Tamarappoo, Allan L Klein
Post-pericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occurs in a subgroup of patients who have undergone cardiothoracic surgery and is characterized by fever, pleuritic pain, pleural effusion, and pericardial effusion. It is associated with significant morbidity, and the leading complications include tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. Epidemiologic studies have found that PPS often occurs among younger patients; however, there is a lack of comprehensive risk stratification. It is therefore important to be able to identify patients who are at high risk for developing this disease...
November 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Ming Han Lincoln Liow, Young-Min Kwon
The potential advantages of contemporary MoM THA implants include less volumetric wear with subsequent reduction of polyethylene wear-induced osteolysis and greater component stability with use of large-diameter femoral heads. However, there have been concerns regarding significantly elevated revision rates in MoM THA due to MoM-related complications such as adverse local tissue reaction (pseudotumour) formation. The increased failure rate in MoM hip arthroplasty is associated with the generation of biologically active, nanometer sized metal particles from the MoM bearing surfaces and taper junctions, which result in the development of a localized, adverse periprosthetic soft tissue response...
October 20, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Heng Xue, Hui-Yu Ge, Li-Ying Miao, Shu-Min Wang, Bo Zhao, Jin-Rui Wang, Li-Gang Cui
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differential diagnosis of gastric cancer and gastritis, with histological results as reference standard. METHODS: From September 2011 to August 2014, 82 patients (50 males and 32 females; mean age ± SD, 59.5 ± 15.0 years; range 19-91 years) with gastric cancer or gastritis were included in this Ethics Committee-approved prospective study. Conventional ultrasonography (US) and CEUS were applied to distinguish the two lesions, and both qualitative and quantitative features were evaluated...
October 19, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Jung-Woo Park, Jin-Soo Park, Seyoung Kim, Minkyu Park, Hyunrim Choi, Sinye Lim
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed at finding out the relationship between long working hours, one of major job stress elements, and hearing impairment in unexposed workers to occupational and environmental noise. METHODS: This study was performed on 1628 regular, full-time wage workers between the age of 25-64 who indicated in the survey of having no experience of exposure to noise, normal otoscopic findings, and not suffering from diabetes based on the data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2010-2012)...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wei-Tao Wu, Andrea Blue Martin, Alberto Gandini, Nadine Aubry, Mehrdad Massoudi, James F Antaki
This study is motivated by the development of a blood cell filtration device for removal of malaria-infected, parasitized red blood cells (pRBCs). The blood was modeled as a multi-component fluid using the computational fluid dynamics discrete element method (CFD-DEM), wherein plasma was treated as a Newtonian fluid and the red blood cells (RBCs) were modeled as soft-sphere solid particles which move under the influence of drag, collisions with other RBCs, and a magnetic force. The CFD-DEM model was first validated by a comparison with experimental data from Han et al...
2016: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
Evangelos Giannitsis, Hugo A Katus
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high all-cause and PE-related mortality and requires individualized management. After confirmation of PE, a refined risk stratification is particularly warranted among normotensive patients. Previous prognostic models favored combinations of echocardiography or computed tomography suggestive of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction together with biomarkers of RV dysfunction (natriuretic peptides) or myocardial injury (cardiac troponins) to identify candidates for thrombolysis or embolectomy...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
H H Leuchte, H Ten Freyhaus, H Gall, M Halank, M M Hoeper, H Kaemmerer, C Kähler, G Riemekasten, S Ulrich, M Schwaiblmair, R Ewert
The 2015 European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension are also valid for Germany. The guidelines contain detailed information about the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension, and furthermore provide novel recommendations for risk stratification and follow-up assessments. However, the practical implementation of the European Guidelines in Germany requires the consideration of several country-specific issues and already existing novel data. This requires a detailed commentary to the guidelines, and in some aspects an update already appears necessary...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
G Kovacs, D Dumitrescu, A Barner, S Greiner, E Grünig, A Hager, T Köhler, R Kozlik-Feldmann, I Kruck, A Lammers, D Mereles, A Meyer, F J Meyer, S Pabst, H-J Seyfarth, C Sinning, S Sorichter, G Stähler, H Wilkens, M Held
The 2015 European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension are also valid for Germany. The guidelines contain detailed information about the clinical classification and diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension, and furthermore provide novel recommendations for risk stratification and follow-up assessments. However, the practical implementation of the European Guidelines in Germany requires the consideration of several country-specific issues and already existing novel data. This requires a detailed commentary to the guidelines, and in some aspects an update already appears necessary...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Fernando Contreras-Catala, Laura Sánchez-Velasco, Emilio Beier, Victor M Godínez, Eric D Barton, Eduardo Santamaría-Del-Angel
Effects of geostrophic kinetic energy flux on the three-dimensional distribution of fish larvae of mesopelagic species (Vinciguerria lucetia, Diogenichthys laternatus, Benthosema panamense and Triphoturus mexicanus) in the southern Gulf of California during summer and fall seasons of stronger stratification were analyzed. The greatest larval abundance was found at sampling stations in geostrophic kinetic energy-poor areas (<7.5 J/m3), where the distribution of the dominant species tended to be stratified...
2016: PloS One
Susan E Luczak, Rubin Khoddam, Sheila Yu, Tamara L Wall, Anna Schwartz, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a review of the prevalence and co-occurrence of 12 types of addictions in US ethnic/racial groups and discuss the implications of the results for genetic research on addictions. METHODS: We utilized MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases to review the literature on alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, illicit drugs, gambling, eating/food, internet, sex, love, exercise, work, and shopping. We present results for each addiction based on total US prevalence, prevalence within ethnic groups, and co-occurrence of addictions among ethnic groups when available...
October 19, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Laura J Davidson, Charles J Davidson
Stroke leads to significant morbidity, disability, and mortality after TAVR. CKD and prior stroke are risk factors for stroke. Stratification of stroke risk would improve outcomes associated with TAVR. Ongoing prospective randomized trials on embolic protection and post implant anticoagulation are promising strategies to reduce stroke risk and new brain MRI lesions.
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Jolanta Skalska-Sadowska, Małgorzata Dawidowska, Bronisława Szarzyńska-Zawadzka, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Joanna Czerwińska-Rybak, Ludomiła Machowska, Katarzyna Derwich
We report a pediatric case of acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) with NOTCH1(wt) , FBXW7(wt) , STIL/TAL1, and PTEN (exons 2, 3, 4, 5) monoallelic deletions, biallelic CDKN2A/B deletion, and a minor t(8;14)(q24;q11)-positive subclone. Undetectable by a flow cytometric minimal residual disease assay, the t(8;14)(q24;q11) subclone expanded as detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization from 5% at diagnosis to 26% before consolidation and 100% at relapse bearing a monoallelic deletion (exons 2, 3) with a new frameshift mutation of PTEN and the same set of remaining molecular alterations...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Vânia Ames Schommer, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Aline Marcadenti, Estefania Inez Wittke, André Luís Câmara Galvão, Guido Bernardo Aranha Rosito
Objective: To evaluate the association between obesity and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with heart failure admitted to a tertiary hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a consecutive sampling of hospitalized patients with heart failure. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and the nutritional status was assessed through indicators such as body mass index (in kg/m2), waist circumference (in cm), waist-hip ratio, triceps skinfold (in mm) and subscapularis skinfold (in mm)...
July 2016: Einstein
Gleim Dias de Souza, Luciana Rodrigues Queiroz Souza, Ronaldo Máfia Cuenca, Bárbara Stephane de Medeiros Jerônimo, Guilherme Medeiros de Souza, Vinícius Martins Vilela
Introduction: Contrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are widely used due to its image quality and ability to study pancreatic and peripancreatic morphology. The understanding of the various subtypes of the disease and identification of possible complications requires a familiarity with the terminology, which allows effective communication between the different members of the multidisciplinary team. Aim: Demonstrate the terminology and parameters to identify the different classifications and findings of the disease based on the international consensus for acute pancreatitis ( Atlanta Classification 2012)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rossella Letizia Mancusi, Massimo Andreoni, Daniela d'Angela, Cesare Sarrecchia, Federico Spandonaro
Between western European countries, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) endemic is highest in Italy. The main objective of this paper is to estimate the endemic diffusion of hepatitis C at the national level and by geographical area, with an extrapolation at the regional level and by uniform cohorts of subjects (by sex and year of birth). The secondary objective is a stratification by gravity of the estimated statistical figures to provide an overview of possible targets of the new anti-HCV treatments.PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant Italian populations studies regarding HCV prevalence...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Antonino Neri, Katia Todoerti, Marta Lionetti, Vittorio Simeon, Marzia Barbieri, Filomena Nozza, Gabriella Vona, Alessandra Pompa, Luca Baldini, Pellegrino Musto
Primary plasma cell leukemia (PPCL) is a rare and aggressive variant of multiple myeloma. The introduction of novel agents and modern technologies has recently partially changed the clinical and biological scenario of this malignancy, allowing limited, but not negligible, progresses. Areas covered: We will discuss the complex landscape of genetic alterations in PPCL, derived from conventional and high-throughput technologies; the best available treatments for PPCL; the possible future therapeutic perspectives...
October 19, 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
N Sawada, M Inoue, M Iwasaki, T Yamaji, T Shimazu, S Sasazuki, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although vitamin D has been experimentally reported to inhibit tumorigenesis, cell growth and prostate cancer invasion, epidemiologic data regarding prostate cancer risk are inconsistent, and some studies have suggested positive but nonsignificant associations. Further, the impact of vitamin D on prostate cancer between Western and Japanese populations may differ due to different plasma vitamin D levels. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study within the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective (JPHC) Study in 14,203 men (40-69 years) who answered a self-administered questionnaire at baseline (1990-1994) and gave blood samples, and were followed until 2005...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"