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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329793/oral-disease-and-3-year-incidence-of-frailty-in-mexican-older-adults
#1
Roberto Carlos Castrejón-Pérez, Aida Jiménez-Corona, Eduardo Bernabé, Antonio R Villa-Romero, Elise Arrivé, Jean-François Dartigues, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, S Aída Borges-Yáñez
Background: Poor oral health has been associated with some components of frailty. The objective of this study was to identify the association between clinical measures of oral health and the incidence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults aged 70 or older in Mexico City. Methods: A 3-year cohort study with a probabilistic representative sample of home-dwelling elders of one district of Mexico City was performed. Baseline and follow-up interview and oral clinical evaluations were carried out by standardized examiners in participants' homes...
October 25, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298233/developing-consensus-measures-for-global-programs-lessons-from-the-global-alliance-for-chronic-diseases-hypertension-research-program
#2
Michaela A Riddell, Nancy Edwards, Simon R Thompson, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Devarsetty Praveen, Claire Johnson, Andre P Kengne, Peter Liu, Tara McCready, Eleanor Ng, Robby Nieuwlaat, Bruce Ovbiagele, Mayowa Owolabi, David Peiris, Amanda G Thrift, Sheldon Tobe, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND: The imperative to improve global health has prompted transnational research partnerships to investigate common health issues on a larger scale. The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD) is an alliance of national research funding agencies. To enhance research funded by GACD members, this study aimed to standardise data collection methods across the 15 GACD hypertension research teams and evaluate the uptake of these standardised measurements. Furthermore we describe concerns and difficulties associated with the data harmonisation process highlighted and debated during annual meetings of the GACD funded investigators...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288227/-physical-activity-patterns-of-school-adolescents-validity-reliability-and-percentiles-proposal-for-their-evaluation
#3
Marco Cossío Bolaños, Jorge Méndez Cornejo, Cristian Luarte Rocha, Rodrigo Vargas Vitoria, Bernabé Canqui Flores, Rossana Gomez Campos
Regular physical activity (PA) during childhood and adolescence is important for the prevention of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. OBJECTIVES: To validate a questionnaire for measuring patterns of PA, verify the reliability, comparing the levels of PA aligned with chronological and biological age, and to develop percentile curves to assess PA levels depending on biological maturation. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on a sample non-probabilistic quota of 3,176 Chilean adolescents (1685 males and 1491 females), with a mean age range from 10...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282232/an-atypical-case-of-leishmaniasis-associated-with-chronic-duodenitis-in-a-dog
#4
Ignacio Ayala, Luis Jesus Bernal, Juan Diego Garcia-Martinez, Miguel Angel Gomez, Jose Antonio Navarro, Antonio Bernabe
We describe an atypical case of duodenal leishmaniasis in a boxer dog presenting with chronic diarrhea and poor general condition. Antidiarrheic therapy was previously administered without success and inflammatory bowel disease localized to the small intestine was suspected, given the chronic clinical signs and by ruling out other known causes of gastrointestinal inflammation. Endoscopic biopsy of duodenum showed a moderate increase in lamina propria lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages. Basophilic bodies were seen in the cytoplasm of numerous macrophages, suggestive of Leishmania spp, confirmed by immunostaining, and a diagnosis of granulomatous duodenitis associated to Leishmania infection was made...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253452/letters-from-our-readers
#5
Paloma González-Gil de Bernabé, José María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, Jose Luís Gandía-Franco, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244778/las-medidas-antropom%C3%A3-tricas-como-indicadores-predictivos-de-riesgo-metab%C3%A3-lico-en-una-poblaci%C3%A3-n-mexicana
#6
Teresa Domínguez-Reyes, Irma Quiroz-Vargas, Aralia Berenice Salgado-Bernabé, Lorenzo Salgado-Goytia, José Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Isela Parra-Rojas
Introducción: actualmente se considera que la acumulación de grasa corporal a nivel central se asocia con la presencia de hipertrigliceridemia, hipertensión arterial y diabetes. El índice de masa corporal (IMC) se ha utilizado para identificar la obesidad en la población general, pero no permite determinar la distribución de la grasa corporal, por lo que se pueden utilizar otras medidas antropométricas para evaluar la adiposidad y determinar su relación con la presencia de alteraciones metabólicas que presentan las personas con exceso de peso...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239668/evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-population-with-hypertension-from-a-low-resource-setting-agreement-and-bias-between-screening-tools
#7
María Lazo-Porras, María A Pesantes, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of cognitive impairment in adulthood merits attention in societies in transition and especially in people with chronic diseases. Screening tools available for clinical practice and epidemiological studies have been designed in high-income but not in resource-constrained settings. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement and bias of three common tools used for screening of cognitive impairment in people with hypertension: the modified Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and the Leganés Cognitive Test (LCT)...
December 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231262/oleanolic-acid-induces-migration-in-mv1lu-and-mda-mb-231-epithelial-cells-involving-egf-receptor-and-map-kinases-activation
#8
Ángel Bernabé-García, David Armero-Barranco, Sergio Liarte, María Ruzafa-Martínez, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo, Francisco José Nicolás
During wound healing, skin function is restored by the action of several cell types that undergo differentiation, migration, proliferation and/or apoptosis. These dynamics are tightly regulated by the evolution of the extra cellular matrix (ECM) contents along the process. Pharmacologically active flavonoids have shown to exhibit useful physiological properties interesting in pathological states. Among them, oleanolic acid (OA), a pentacyclic triterpene, shows promising properties over wound healing, as increased cell migration in vitro and improved wound resolution in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196274/glycated-haemoglobin-hba1c-and-fasting-plasma-glucose-relationships-in-sea-level-and-high-altitude-settings
#9
J C Bazo-Alvarez, R Quispe, T D Pillay, A Bernabé-Ortiz, L Smeeth, W Checkley, R H Gilman, G Málaga, J J Miranda
AIM: Higher haemoglobin levels and differences in glucose metabolism have been reported among high-altitude residents, which may influence the diagnostic performance of HbA1c . This study explores the relationship between HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) in populations living at sea level and at an altitude of > 3000 m. METHODS: Data from 3613 Peruvian adults without a known diagnosis of diabetes from sea-level and high-altitude settings were evaluated...
February 14, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195310/the-role-of-healthcare-system-in-dental-check-ups-in-27-european-countries-multilevel-analysis
#10
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether public expenditure on health and Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) are associated with dental check-ups in European countries. METHODS: Individual data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009 a cross-national survey of 27 European countries. Eligible participants were those aged 18 years and older in 27 European countries. Dental check-ups reflected dental visits for oral examination and getting advice on oral health in the last 12 months...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192127/long-term-treatment-with-nandrolone-decanoate-impairs-mesenteric-vascular-relaxation-in-both-sedentary-and-exercised-female-rats
#11
Izabela F Caliman, Cristian S Bernabe, Antônio F de Melo, Girlândia A Brasil, Andrews M do Nascimento, Ewelyne M de Lima, Suely G Figueiredo, Tadeu U de Andrade, Nazaré S Bissoli
Nandrolone Decanoate (ND) is an Anabolic Androgenic Steroid (AAS) that under abusive regimen can lead to multiple physiological adverse effects. Studies of AAS-mediated cardiovascular (CV) alterations were mostly taken from male subjects, even though women are also susceptible to the effects of AAS and gender-specific differences in susceptibility to vascular diseases exist. Here we investigate ND-induced vascular reactivity alterations in both sedentary and exercised female rats and whether these alterations depend on endothelium-derived factors...
April 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158997/smoking-and-heavy-drinking-patterns-in-rural-urban-and-rural-to-urban-migrants-the-peru-migrant-study
#12
Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Germán F Alvarado, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found mixed results about cigarette and alcohol consumption patterns among rural-to-urban migrants. Moreover, there are limited longitudinal data about consumption patterns in this population. As such, this study aimed to compare the smoking and heavy drinking prevalence among rural, urban, and rural-to-urban migrants in Peru, as well as the smoking and heavy drinking incidence in a 5-year follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed the PERU MIGRANT Study data from rural, urban, and rural-to-urban migrant populations in Peru...
February 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133850/imaging-diagnosis-radiographic-ultrasonographic-and-computed-tomographic-characteristics-of-a-duodenal-duplication-cyst-in-a-young-cat
#13
Amalia Agut, Juana D Carrillo, Miryam Martínez, Jose Murciano, Eliseo Belda, Antonio Bernabé, Marta Soler
A 7-month-old, 2.8 kg, intact female Siamese cat was evaluated for repetitive and intermittent episodes of vomiting and anorexia. Abdominal palpation revealed a round, firm, nonpainful mass in the right cranial abdomen. Ultrasonography findings were consistent with a cystic structure adjacent to the descending duodenum. The structure exhibited a "muscular rim sign." A duodenal duplication cyst was confirmed by histopathological analysis. Computed tomography ruled out concurrent vertebral anomalies and clarified anatomic relationships for surgical planning...
January 29, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115473/impact-of-urbanisation-and-altitude-on-the-incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension
#14
Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, Liam Smeeth, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Most of the data regarding the burden of hypertension in low-income and middle-income countries comes from cross-sectional surveys instead of longitudinal studies. We estimated the incidence of, and risk factors for, hypertension in four study sites with different degree of urbanisation and altitude. METHODS: Data from the CRONICAS Cohort Study, conducted in urban, semiurban and rural areas in Peru, was used. An age-stratified and sex-stratified random sample of participants was taken from the most updated census available in each site...
January 23, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114967/the-impact-of-out-of-pocket-payments-for-dental-care-on-household-finances-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Eduardo Bernabé, Mohd Masood, Marko Vujicic
BACKGROUND: Dental care is extremely costly and beyond most people means in developing countries. The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact of out-of-pocket payments for dental care on household finances in 40 low and middle income countries. A second aim was to compare the burden of payments for dental care with that for other health services. METHODS: We used data from 174,257 adults, aged 18 years and above, who reported their total and itemized household expenditure in the past four weeks as part of the World Health Surveys...
January 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110423/accuracy-and-evaluation-of-a-new-regression-equation-in-predicting-the-width-of-unerupted-permanent-canines-and-premolar-teeth
#16
A Bhatnagar, A A Sinha, S Chaudhary, N Manuja, H Kaur, T R Chaitra
AIM: To assess the applicability of two regression equations based on mixed dentition analysis and to propose and evaluate a new regression equation using the mandibular incisors and first permanent molars as predictors in calculating the size of unerupted permanent canines and premolar teeth in school children. METHODS: Dental study casts of 100 children (50 males and 50 females) aged 11-14 years from schools situated in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India were used...
January 21, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041823/changes-in-levels-of-parental-distress-after-their-child-with-atypical-genitalia-undergoes-genitoplasty
#17
Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Amy B Wisniewski, Alexandria J Mullins, Kristy J Reyes, Paul Austin, Laurence Baskin, Kerlly Bernabé, Earl Cheng, Allyson Fried, Dominic Frimberger, Denise Galan, Lynette Gonzalez, Saul Greenfield, Thomas Kolon, Bradley Kropp, Yegappan Lakshmanan, Sabrina Meyer, Theresa Meyer, Natalie J Nokoff, Blake Palmer, Dix Poppas, Alethea Paradis, Elizabeth Yerkes, Larry L Mullins
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) and atypical genitalia can be traumatizing and isolating for families. Parents of children with DSD are at risk for increased levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety, illness uncertainty (IU), post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and impairments in quality of life (QOL). Our previous report indicated that although the majority of parents of children with atypical genitalia were coping well prior to the child's genitoplasty, approximately 25% of them reported experiencing some type of psychological distress...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026782/a-hybrid-cmos-memristor-neuromorphic-synapse
#18
Mostafa Rahimi Azghadi, Bernabe Linares-Barranco, Derek Abbott, Philip H W Leong
Although data processing technology continues to advance at an astonishing rate, computers with brain-like processing capabilities still elude us. It is envisioned that such computers may be achieved by the fusion of neuroscience and nano-electronics to realize a brain-inspired platform. This paper proposes a high-performance nano-scale Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)-memristive circuit, which mimics a number of essential learning properties of biological synapses. The proposed synaptic circuit that is composed of memristors and CMOS transistors, alters its memristance in response to timing differences among its pre- and post-synaptic action potentials, giving rise to a family of Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP)...
April 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005817/pemphigus-vulgaris-how-to-perform-an-oral-biopsy-properly
#19
Aneliza de Fatima Moraes da Silva, Daniel Galera Bernabé, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Eder Ricardo Biasoli, Renata Callestini, Kellen Cristine Tjioe
Oral biopsy of vesiculobullous diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris often raises questions due to some particularities involving this procedure. The adequate selection of the area to be biopsied defines if the final diagnosis will be reached, being the Achiles heel of the proper management of the patient. Here, the authors report a case of a woman who sought for treatment of generalized oral blisters and ulcers that caused severe pain. She had undergone a previous biopsy by other professionals that was inconclusive...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003133/myofascial-induction-effects-on-neck-shoulder-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-design
#20
Eduardo Castro-Martín, Lucía Ortiz-Comino, Tania Gallart-Aragón, Bernabé Esteban-Moreno, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of myofascial induction (MI) with placebo electrotherapy as control on perceived pain, cervical/shoulder range of motion (ROM) and mood state in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with shoulder/arm morbidity. Our secondary objective was to examine the relationships between pain modifications and cervical/shoulder ROM on the side affected by breast cancer. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study...
December 18, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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