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Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Javier Mateu-de Antonio, David Berlana, Montserrat Pons-Bussom, Maria B Badia-Tahull, María Teresa Miana-Mena, Beatriz Martínez-Castro, Neus Sunyer-Esquerrà, Mónica Sanmartin-Suñer, Juan González-Valdivieso, Elisabet Leiva-Badosa, Eva Martínez-Bernabé, Anna Murgadella-Sancho, Nuria Mirerachs-Aranda, Anna Vila-Bundó, Jordi Fernández-Morató, María Teresa Vitales-Farrero
OBJECTIVE: this study assessed the incidence of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and liver function test (LFT) alterations among patients older and younger than 65 years receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of any of these three events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: inclusion criteria were non-critically ill adult inpatients receiving PN for ≥ 7 days in 15 hospitals in Spain. Exclusion criteria were hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, LFT alterations, sepsis, shock, pancreatic/hepatobiliary surgery, renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, insulin-treated DM type 2, acute DM complications, or obesity prior to PN...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Pedro Sánchez, Francisco J Pallares, Miguel A Gómez, Antonio Bernabé, Serafin Gómez, Juan Seva
Objective: The objective of this work was to determine the prevalence of the pathologies that caused the condemnation of pig carcasses in an area of intensive pig farming and Mediterranean climatology and to evaluate their influence in a risk-based inspection procedure for slaughterhouses. Material and Methods: A retrospective observational investigation was carried out from 2002 to 2016 into the pathological processes that caused the condemnation of pig carcasses in a slaughterhouse from South-eastern Spain...
April 25, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Diego Proaño Falconi, Eduardo Bernabé
The aims of this study were to assess factors associated with catastrophic healthcare expenditure (CHE) and the burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for specific healthcare services in Peru. We used data from 30,966 households that participated in the 2016 National Household Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Hogares, ENAHO). Participants reported household characteristics and expenditure on ten healthcare services. CHE was defined as healthcare spending equal to or higher than 40% of the household's capacity to pay...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
Jesús Serrano Merino, Luis Ángel Pérula de Torres, Wayne A Bardwell, Rafaela Muñoz Gómez, Ana Roldán Villalobos, Nuria Feu Collado, Roger Ruiz-Moral, Bernabé Jurado-Gámez
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic illness that increases in prevalence with age. Treatment includes continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices. Studies about the use of CPAP in the elderly are scarce. The main objective of this study is to determine whether CPAP contributes to improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in elderly patients with OSA. METHOD: This was a prospective, pre-/postintervention assessment of a cohort of patients ≥65 years of age with OSA diagnosis by polysomnography who were being treated with CPAP and were physically independent and had good cognitive status...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
Carlos A Castaneda, Miluska Castillo, Luis A Bernabe, Joselyn Sanchez, Sandro Casavilca, Pamela García-Corrochano, Jaime Ponce, Maria R Villa-Robles, Carolina Belmar Lopez, Enrique Orrego
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and Ki67 in brain metastasis lesions, and the effect of adding them to variables of graded prognostic assessment score. PATIENTS & METHODS: Clinicopathological information from 111 medical charts of brain metastasis patients was obtained, and TIL distribution (n = 84), Ki67 index (n = 79) and CD3 TIL (n = 64) were prospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Most frequent TIL pattern was perivascular (67...
April 26, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
P Busse, A Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: One strategy to prevent the onset of non-communicable diseases is to motivate healthy lifestyles through health media messages. In Peru, the food industry is currently implementing such strategy with health message cues, in the form of a small icon of a walking person or a healthy dish, appearing on televised food and beverage advertisements. Yet the extent of this practice is unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was three-fold: to identify (1) the food and beverage advertisements showing health cues, (2) the types of health cues, and (3) their length in time...
April 10, 2018: Public Health
Luis E Sánchez-Siancas, Angélica Rodríguez-Medina, Alejandro Piscoya, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the association between perceived social support and induced abortion among young women in Lima, Peru. In addition, prevalence and incidence of induced abortion was estimated. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study enrolling women aged 18-25 years from maternal health centers in Southern Lima, Peru, was conducted. Induced abortion was defined as the difference between the total number of pregnancies ended in abortion and the number of spontaneous abortions; whereas perceived social support was assessed using the DUKE-UNC scale...
2018: PloS One
Manuel Ares-Arroyo, Cristina Bernabe-Balas, Alfonso Santos-Lopez, Maria R Baquero, Kashi N Prasad, Dolores Cid, Carmen Martin-Espada, Alvaro San Millan, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn
ColE1 plasmids are important vehicles for the spread of antibiotic resistance in the Enterobacteriaceae and Pasteurellaceae families of bacteria. Their monitoring is essential, as they harbor important resistant determinants in humans, animals and the environment. In this work, we have analyzed ColE1 replicons using bioinformatic and experimental approaches. First, we carried out a computational study examining the structure of different ColE1 plasmids deposited in databases. Bioinformatic analysis of these ColE1 replicons revealed a mosaic genetic structure consisting of a host-adapted conserved region responsible for the housekeeping functions of the plasmid, and a variable region encoding a wide variety of genes, including multiple antibiotic resistance determinants...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, J Jaime Miranda, Cheryl A M Anderson, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of T2DM in three population groups: rural, rural-to-urban migrants and urban dwellers. Data from the PERU MIGRANT Study was analysed. The baseline assessment was conducted in 2007-2008 using a single-stage random sample and further follow-up was undertaken in 2015-16. T2DM was defined based on fasting glucose and self-reported diagnosis. Poisson regression models and robust variance to account for cluster effects were used for reporting risk ratios (RR) and 95%CI...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Akash Bhatnagar, Seema Chaudhary, Ashish Amit Sinha, Naveen Manuja, Harsimran Kaur, T R Chaitra
Aims: This study aims to examine the accuracy and comparative correlation of three regression equation-based mixed dentition analysis in children of Moradabad city, North Uttar Pradesh. Settings and Design: Tanaka-Johnston, Bernabe-Flores-Mir, and Ling-Wong regression equations were developed from a sample of North European, Peru, and Southern Chinese children population, respectively. Hence, it becomes questionable when applied to children of Moradabad city situated in North Uttar Pradesh, India...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Isabel Fuentes, Andreu Andrio, Abel García-Bernabé, Jorge Escorihuela, Clara Viñas, Francesc Teixidor, Vicente Compañ
The conductivity of a series of composite membranes, based on polybenzimidazole (PBI) containing the metallacarborane salt M[Co(C2B9H11)2], M[COSANE] and tetraphenylborate, M[B(C6H5)4], M[TPB] both anions having the same number of atoms and the same negative charge, has been investigated. Different cations (M = H+, Li+ and Na+) have been studied and the composite membranes have been characterized by water uptake, swelling ratios, ATR FT-IR, thermogravimetric analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to explore the dielectric response and ion dynamics in composite membranes...
March 29, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Víctor G Sal Y Rosas, Katherine A Sacksteder, Francisco Diez-Canseco, María K Cárdenas, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda
OBJECTIVES: High body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) are major contributors to the high burden of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Individual high-risk and population approaches for prevention require newer strategies to target these risk factors and focusing on the family to introduce prevention initiatives appears as a promising scenario. Characterization of the relationship between BMI and BP amongst the adult members of a given family merits evaluation. We conducted a secondary analysis of an implementation study in Tumbes, Peru benefiting from data derived from families with at least one adult offspring...
March 25, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Grace Trompeter, Matthew R Grigsby, Catherine H Miele, Robert A Wise, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, William Checkley
PURPOSE: Body composition is known to influence the development and progression of chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs). We sought to characterize the unique anthropometric phenotypes that present with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic bronchitis across four distinct settings in Peru. METHODS: We collected sociodemographic, clinical history, and spirometry data from 2959 participants from Lima, Tumbes, and rural and urban Puno. We compared the prevalence of CRDs among different study sites and described disease phenotypes...
June 2018: Lung
Claudia Alviso-Orellana, Dayna Estrada-Tejada, Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between consumption of snacks and sweetened beverages and risk of overweight among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Young Lives cohort study in Peru. SETTING: Twenty sentinel sites from a total of 1818 districts available in Peru. SUBJECTS: Children in the younger cohort of the Young Lives study in Peru, specifically those included in the third (2009) and the fourth (2013) rounds...
June 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Easter Joury, Eduardo Bernabe, Jennifer E Gallagher, Wagner Marcenes
Little is known about the burden and impact of orofacial pain in deprived areas, and whether it mediates the relationship between socio-economic position (SEP) and impacts on daily life. We analysed data from a representative sample of 2,168 adults, aged 16-65 years, from the East London Oral Health Inequality study. Participants completed a validated questionnaire on demographics, SEP (area deprivation), orofacial pain (by anatomical site) in the past month and impacts related to oral conditions on daily life...
March 12, 2018: Pain
Bianca Braz Mattos, Caroline Montebianco, Elisson Romanel, Tatiane da Franca Silva, Renato Barroso Bernabé, Fernanda Simas-Tosin, Lauro M Souza, Guilherme L Sassaki, Maite F S Vaslin, Eliana Barreto-Bergter
Cladosporium herbarum is a plant pathogen associated with passion fruit scab and mild diseases in pea and soybean. In this study, a peptidogalactomannan (pGM) of C. herbarum mycelium was isolated and structurally characterized, and its role in plant-fungus interactions was evaluated. C. herbarum pGM is composed of carbohydrates (76%) and contains mannose, galactose and glucose as its main monosaccharides (molar ratio, 52:36:12). Methylation and 13 C-nuclear magnetic resonance (13 C-NMR) spectroscopy analysis have shown the presence of a main chain containing (1 → 6)-linked α-D-Manp residues, and β-D-Galf residues are present as (1 → 5)-interlinked side chains...
May 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
E Jair Vidal, Daily Alvarez, Dalia Martinez-Velarde, Lorena Vidal-Damas, Kelly A Yuncar-Rojas, Alesia Julca-Malca, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: Different studies have reported the association between perceived stress and unhealthy diet choices. We aimed to determine whether there is a relationship between perceived stress and fat intake among undergraduate medical students. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was performed including first-year medical students. The outcome of interest was the self-report of fat intake assessed using the Block Screening Questionnaire for Fat Intake (high vs...
2018: PloS One
Luis A Camuñas-Mesa, Yaisel L Domínguez-Cordero, Alejandro Linares-Barranco, Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona, Bernabé Linares-Barranco
Convolutional Neural Networks (ConvNets) are a particular type of neural network often used for many applications like image recognition, video analysis or natural language processing. They are inspired by the human brain, following a specific organization of the connectivity pattern between layers of neurons known as receptive field. These networks have been traditionally implemented in software, but they are becoming more computationally expensive as they scale up, having limitations for real-time processing of high-speed stimuli...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Laura Gómez-Virgilio, Gerardo Bernabé Ramírez-Rodríguez, Carmen Sánchez-Torres, Leonardo Ortiz-López, Marco Antonio Meraz-Ríos
Neurogenesis plays a significant role during adulthood, and the observation that neural stem cells reside in the central nervous system and the olfactory epithelium has attracted attention due to their importance in neuronal regeneration. In addition, soluble factors (SFs) release by neural stem cells may modulate the neurogenic process. Thus, in this study, we identified the SFs released by olfactory human neural stem/progenitor cells (hNS/PCs-OE). These cells express Ki67, nestin, and βIII-tubulin, indicating their neural lineage...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
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