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Antioxide radicals

Raffaella Boggia, Federica Turrini, Carla Villa, Chiara Lacapra, Paola Zunin, Brunella Parodi
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of retrieving polyphenolic antioxidants directly from wet pomegranate marcs: the fresh by-products obtained after pomegranate juice processing. These by-products mainly consist of internal membranes (endocarp) and aril residues. Even if they are still edible, they are usually discharged during juice production and, thus, they represent a great challenge in an eco-sustainable industrial context. Green technologies, such as ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) and microwave assisted extraction (MAE), have been employed to convert these organic residues into recycled products with high added value...
October 18, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
Liping Sun, Weidan Chang, Qingyu Ma, Yongliang Zhuang
In this study, the stable collagen hydrolysate was prepared by alcalase hydrolysis and twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion from Alaska pollock skin. The characteristics of hydrolysates and antioxidant activities in vitro, including 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical (ABTS(•+)) scavenging activity, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydroxyl radical (OH·) scavenging activity, were determined. After twice simulated gastrointestinal digestion of skin collagen (SGI-2), the degree of hydrolysis (DH) reached 26...
October 17, 2016: Marine Drugs
M Moskvin, D Horák
Maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) nanoparticles, 12 nm in size, were prepared by co-precipitation of Fe(II) and Fe(III) chlorides with ammonium hydroxide and oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. To achieve stability and biocompatibility, obtained particles were coated with silica, to which glucose and ascorbic acid were bound by different mechanisms. The composite particles were thoroughly characterized by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, elemental analysis, and FT-Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy to determine composition, morphology, size and its distribution, zeta-potential, and scavenging of peroxyl and hydroxyl radicals...
October 20, 2016: Physiological Research
Parayil Varghese Christapher, Subramani Parasuraman, Palanimuthu Vasanth Raj, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Murugaiyah Vikneswaran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effect of aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of Polygonum minus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute antihyperlipidemic effect was studied on chemically induced hyperlipidemic rat model. Treated groups received aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of P. minus respectively (1000 mg/kg; oral) whereas standard treated group received atorvastatin (60 mg/kg; oral) for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected at fixed intervals for lipid profile analysis...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saad S Dahham, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Abdelhafeez M A Mohammed, Nagla M Eltayeb, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Aman Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Balanite aegyptiaca (L.) Delile, is a plant with extensive medicinal properties. Its stem bark is traditionally known for its spasmolytic and antiepileptic properties and used to treat yellow fever, jaundice and syphilis. Angiogenesis (sprouting of new blood vessels) is crucial for tumor growth and metastasis. The goal of this study is investigate the antiangiogenic, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity as well as antitumor in vivo properties of B. aegyptiaca stem bark extracts...
October 19, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Wei Hu, Zhiqiang Ma, Shouyin Di, Shuai Jiang, Yue Li, Chongxi Fan, Yang Yang, Dongjin Wang
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an important intracellular membranous organelle. Previous studies have demonstrated that the ER is responsible for protein folding and trafficking, lipid synthesis, and the maintenance of calcium homeostasis. Interestingly, the morphology and structure of the ER were recently found to be important. Melatonin is a hormone that anticipates the daily onset of darkness in mammals, and it is well known that melatonin acts as an antioxidant by scavenging free radicals and increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the body...
October 19, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Norma Alva, Ronald Alva, Teresa Carbonell
In clinical and experimental settings, a great deal of effort is being made to protect cells and tissues against harmful conditions and to facilitate metabolic recovery following these insults. Much of the recent attention has focused on the protective role of a natural form of sugar, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (F16bP). F16bP is a high-energy glycolytic intermediate that has been shown to exert a protective action in different cell types and tissues (including the brain, kidney, intestine, liver and heart) against various harmful conditions...
October 14, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Horrolein Arab, Soleiman Mahjoub, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Mehdi Moghadasi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent degenerative disorder of the brain among elderly individuals. Many studies indicate that oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor which involves oxidizing macromolecules such as DNA, lipids, and proteins in AD. Green tea is a rich source of antioxidant compounds that can remove radical oxygen species. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of green tea consumption on markers of oxidative stress in AD...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Ananta Swargiary, Abhijita Daimari, Manita Daimari, Noymi Basumatary, Ezekiel Narzary
OBJECTIVE: Clerodendrum viscosum, Eryngium foetidum, Lippia javanica, and Murraya koenigii are one among the common wild edible plants in Northeast India which are also used as antidiabetic, stomach-ache relieving drugs, etc., The present study was aimed to reveal the phytochemical, antioxidant, and anthelmintic activity of the plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antioxidant capacity of methanolic extract of plants was studied by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power, TBARS, and total antioxidant activity (TAA)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Daisuke Uesugi, Hiroki Hamada, Kei Shimoda, Naoji Kubota, Shin-Ichi Ozaki, Naoki Nagatani
The stilbene compound resveratrol was glycosylated to give its 4'-O-β-D-glucoside as the major product in addition to its 3-O-β-D-glucoside by a plant glucosyltransferase from Phytolacca americana expressed in recombinant Escherichia coli. This enzyme transformed pterostilbene to its 4'-O-β-D-glucoside, and converted pinostilbene to its 4'-O-β-D-glucoside as a major product and its 3-O-β-D-glucoside as a minor product. An analysis of antioxidant capacity showed that the above stilbene glycosides had lower oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values than those of the corresponding stilbene aglycones...
October 19, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Jun-Chi Wang, Guang-Zhi Li, Na Lv, Lian-Gang Shen, Lei-Ling Shi, Jian-Yong Si
A new drimane-type sesquiterpene with an isocitric acid moiety, cryptoporic acid S (1), together with six known compounds, cryptoporic acid D (2), β-sitosterol (3), β-daucosterol (4), stigmast-4-en-3-one (5), ergosterol (6), and (22E,24R)-ergosta-7,22-diene-3β,5α,6β-triol (7), was isolated from the fruiting bodies of Cryptoporus volvatus. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of UV, IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR analysis. In the meanwhile, compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated for antioxidant activity using the methods of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity (DPPH-RSA) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, and they exhibited moderate antioxidant activities...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Natarajan Suganthy, Kasi Pandima Devi, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Nady Braidy, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Quercetin, a ubiquitous flavonoid that is widely distributed in plants is classified as a cognitive enhancer in traditional and oriental medicine. The protective effects of quercetin for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders and cerebrovascular diseases have been demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The free radical scavenging activity of quercetin has been well-documented, wherein quercetin has been observed to exhibit protective effects against oxidative stress mediated neuronal damage by modulating the expression of NRF-2 dependent antioxidant responsive elements, and attenuation of neuroinflammation by suppressing NF-κB signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1)...
October 15, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Samina Salim
Biochemical integrity of the brain is vital for normal functioning of the central nervous system (CNS). One of the contributing factors of cerebral biochemical impairment is a chemical process called oxidative stress. Oxidative stress occurs upon excessive free radical production due to insufficiency of counteracting antioxidant response system. The brain with its high oxygen consumption and lipid-rich content is highly susceptible to oxidative stress. Therefore, oxidative stress-induced damage to the brain has a strong potential to negatively impact normal CNS functions...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Stefano Menichetti, Riccardo Amorati, Valentina Meoni, Lorenzo Tofani, Gabriella Caminati, Caterina Viglianisi
Noncovalent sulfur···oxygen interactions can increase the stability of chalcogen ortho-substituted phenoxyl radicals. This effect contributes to transforming the 7-hydroxybenzo[b]thiophene moiety in a privileged structural motif to enhance the activity of phenolic antioxidants. A cascade of five consecutive electrophilic reactions occurring in one pot afforded potent and biocompatible α-tocopherol-like antioxidants.
October 18, 2016: Organic Letters
Xiao An, Yuehu Pei, Shaofei Chen, Shengge Li, Xiaolong Hu, Gang Chen, Bin Lin, Haifeng Wang
Three new butenolides aspernolides H-J (1-3) together with seven known ones (4-10) were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus sp. CBS-P-2. Their chemical structures were established on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data, HR-ESI-MS analysis, and their absolute configuration were determined by circular dichroism (CD) analysis. All the compounds were evaluated for the antioxidant effects by DPPH and ABTS methods, the antitumor activities against four human tumor cell lines (HL-60, ASPC1, HCT-116 and PC-3) and antimicrobial activities...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Manuela Balen, Gabriela Rotta Gomes, Jadel M Kratz, Cláudia M O Simões, Alexsandra Valério, Débora de Oliveira
Antioxidants are substances that defend cells against damage, kidnapping and destroying free radicals. They have been largely used in the food industry due the possibility to control the oxidation process, aimed to increase shelf life. Thus, esterification reaction to obtain ascorbyl linoleate catalyzed by Novozym 435 lipase assisted by ultrasound bath was investigated. In this work, molecular sieve (4 Å) was added to the reaction medium to remove the water formed during the esterification reaction to improve the process performance...
October 17, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Thazin Thin, Lin Myat, Gi-Hyung Ryu
The effects of CO2 injection and barrel temperatures on the physiochemical and antioxidant properties of extruded cereals (sorghum, barley, oats, and millet) were studied. Extrusion was carried out using a twin-screw extruder at different barrel temperatures (80, 110, and 140°C), CO2 injection (0 and 500 mL/min), screw speed of 200 rpm, and moisture content of 25%. Extrusion significantly increased the total flavonoid content (TFC) of extruded oats, and β-glucan and protein digestibility (PD) of extruded barley and oats...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Eun-Sun Hwang, Nhuan Do Thi
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different growing regions on quality characteristics, total bioactive compound contents, and in vitro antioxidant activity in aronia. Aronia grown in 3 different regions (Sangjoo, Ulju, and Youngcheon) in Korea was obtained and used fresh or as a freeze-dried powder. No statistically significant differences were observed for moisture, ash, crude lipid, and crude protein contents in aronia sampled from the 3 different regions. Aronia grown in Sangjoo had the highest total acid content and the lowest sugar content and pH value...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Su Jin Kang, Ji Yeon Seo, Kye Man Cho, Chang Kwon Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, Jong-Sang Kim
A new type of doenjang was manufactured by mixing soaked soybean, koji (Rhizopus oryzae), cheonggukjang (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MJ1-4 and B. amyloliquefaciens EMD17), and Pichia farinosa SY80 as a yeast, salt, and water, followed by fermentation with koji that was made by fermenting whole wheat with R. oryzae. The mixed culture doenjang was designed to have a more palatable flavor and stronger biological activities than the conventional product. The extract of mixed culture doenjang showed higher antioxidant activity than the commercial doenjang as evaluated by the ferric reducing antioxidant power assay although it was not significantly different from the commercial product in 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical scavenging activities...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Jae Yeon Lee, Adithan Aravinthan, Young Shik Park, Kyo Yeol Hwang, Su-Il Seong, Kwontack Hwang
Obesity is a growing health problem that many countries face, mostly due to the consumption of a Westernized diet. In this present study we observed the effects of a soybean extract fermented by Bacillus subtilis MORI (BTD-1) containing 1-deoxynojirimycin against high fat diet-induced obesity. The results obtained from this study indicated that BTD-1 reduced body weight, regulated hepatic lipid content and adipose tissue, and also affected liver antioxidant enzymes and glucose metabolism. These results suggest that administration of BTD-1 affects obesity by inhibiting hyperglycemia and free radical-mediated stress; it also reduces lipid accumulation...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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