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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351214/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-activity-of-lipophilic-phenethyl-trifluoroacetate-esters-by-in-vitro-abts-dpph-and-in-cell-culture-dcf-assays
#1
Roberta Bernini, Maurizio Barontini, Valentina Cis, Isabella Carastro, Daniela Tofani, Rosa Anna Chiodo, Paolo Lupattelli, Sandra Incerpi
Polyphenols are natural compounds showing a variety of health-promoting effects. Unfortunately, due to low lipid solubility, their applications in the pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic industries are limited. With the aim of obtaining novel lipophilic derivatives, the present study reports the synthesis of a series of phenethyl trifluoroacetate esters containing up to two hydroxyl groups in the aromatic ring. Experimental logP values confirmed a greater lipophilicity of the novel compounds compared to the parent compounds...
January 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350786/multiple-biological-defects-caused-by-calycosin-7-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-in-the-nematode-caenorhabditis-elegans-are-associated-with-the-activation-of-oxidative-damage
#2
Jianqin Zhang, Xiaoli Xue, Yang Yang, Wen Ma, Yan Han, Xuemei Qin
Calycosin-7-O-β-d-glucoside (CG) is an important active isoflavone compound in Radix Astragali that has many bioactivities. However, the toxicological effects and related toxicological mechanism of CG have been rarely documented. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity effects of CG on the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Some characteristics of the nematode, including lifespan, movement behavior and reproductive capacity, were used to detect the toxic effects of CG on C. elegans...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350310/proanthocyanidins-and-the-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-italy
#3
Delphine Praud, Maria Parpinel, Valentina Guercio, Cristina Bosetti, Diego Serraino, Gaetano Facchini, Maurizio Montella, Carlo La Vecchia, Marta Rossi
Proanthocyanidins are polymers of monomeric unit flavan-3-ols with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities. We investigated the association between proanthocyanidin intake and prostate cancer risk through data that were collected between 1991 and 2002 in an Italian case-control study, including a total of 1,294 incident, histologically confirmed cases of prostate cancer and 1,451 controls admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic, and non-hormone-related diseases. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using multiple logistic regression models, and computed energy-adjusted proanthocyanidin intakes using the residual method...
January 19, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350299/mutagenicity-cytotoxic-and-antioxidant-activities-of-ricinus-communis-different-parts
#4
Mazhar Abbas, Abid Ali, Muhammad Arshad, Asia Atta, Zahed Mehmood, Imtiaz Mahmood Tahir, Munawar Iqbal
Ricinus communis (castor plant) is a potent medicinal plant, which is commonly used in the treatment of various ailments. The present study was conducted to appraise the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of R. communis along with antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by hemolytic and brine shrimp assays, whereas Ames test (TA98 and TA100) was used for mutagenicity evaluation. Plant different parts were extracted in methanol by shaking, sonication and Soxhlet extraction methods. The R...
January 19, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348107/report-regional-variation-in-the-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-from-china-and-the-mediterranean-region
#5
Bing Wang, Ling Ma, Lei Yin, Jing Chen, Yuanbin Zhang, Lin Dong, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. This herb is now widely cultivated in many regions of the world. Rosemary is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, foods, nutraceuticals and cosmetics. Hydro distilled essential oils, obtained from rosemary in China and the Mediterranean region, were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty-seven compounds accounting for 94.97%-99.72% of the oils were identified. The majority of the compounds in the essential oils exhibited no significant differences (table 1 and fig...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346581/melatonin-attenuates-lung-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#6
Ming-Liang Wang, Chun-Hua Wei, Wen-Dong Wang, Jia-Shun Wang, Jun Zhang, Jian-Jun Wang
OBJECTIVES: Lung ischaemia-reperfusion injury is a complex pathophysiological process due to the production of reactive oxygen species and the generation of inflammatory reaction. We investigated the protective effects and the corresponding mechanism of melatonin (MT), a potent free-radical scavenger, on lung injury induced by ischaemia-reperfusion in a mouse model. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6J mice (n = 30) were randomly and equally allocated into 5 groups: sham controls, IR, IR + 10 mg/kg MT, IR + 20 mg/kg MT and IR + 30 mg/kg MT...
January 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345972/trypsin-inhibitors-from-cajanus-cajan-and-phaseolus-limensis-possess-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-antibacterial-activity
#7
Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sumbul Afreen, Mudasser Azam, Priyankar Sen, Yamini Sharma, Qazi Mohd Rizwanul Haque, Tasneem Fatma, Nikhat Manzoor, Sadaf Fatima
Protease inhibitors are one of the most promising and investigated subjects for their role in pharmacognostic and pharmacological studies. This study aimed to investigate antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) from two plant sources (Cajanus cajan and Phaseolus limensis). TI was purified from C. cajan (PUSA-992) by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange chromatography. TI from Phaseolus limensis (lima bean trypsin inhibitor; LBTI) was procured from Sigma-Aldrich, St...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344826/phytochemical-analysis-and-evaluation-of-the-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-antinociceptive-potential-of-phlorotannin-rich-fractions-from-three-mediterranean-brown-seaweeds
#8
Amal Abdelhamid, Meriem Jouini, Haifa Bel Haj Amor, Zeineb Mzoughi, Mehdi Dridi, Rafik Ben Said, Abderrahman Bouraoui
Phlorotannins, phenolic compounds produced exclusively by seaweeds, have been reported to possess various pharmacological properties. However, there have been few works on these compounds from Mediterranean seaweeds. In this study, we investigated the phytochemical analysis and pharmacological potential of phlorotannin-rich fractions from three brown seaweeds collected along the Tunisia coast: Cystoseira sedoides (PHT-SED), Cladostephus spongeosis (PHT-CLAD), and Padina pavonica (PHT-PAD). Phytochemical determinations showed considerable differences in total phenolic content (TPC) and phlorotannin content (PHT)...
January 18, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#9
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337589/critical-review-on-the-analytical-mechanistic-steps-in-the-evaluation-of-antioxidant-activity
#10
Anantharaman Shivakumar, M S Yogendra Kumar
Electrophysiological systems are prone to release free radicals for functioning of biological system with proper balancing of antioxidant-prooxidant ratio for establishing a healthy living system. The biostress condition releases different reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxyl, alkoxyl, superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, hydroperoxyl, ozone, singlet oxygen, hypochlorus acid, thiyl radical, etc. This review tries to discuss the general aspects of the antioxidant assay methodologies that are currently used for the detection of antioxidant property...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337289/antioxidant-activity-of-hydrated-carboxylated-nanodiamonds-and-its-influence-on-water-%C3%AE-radiolysis
#11
Karla Santacruz-Gomez, Andrei Sarabia-Sainz, Monica Acosta-Elias, Manuel Sarabia-Sainz, Woraphong Janetanakit, Nathan Khosla, Rodrigo Melendrez, Martin Pedroza-Montero, Ratnesh Lal
Water radiolysis involves the chemical decomposition of the water molecule into free radicals after the exposure with ionizing radiation. These free radicals have deleterious effects on normal cell physiology. Carboxylated nanodiamonds (cNDs) appear to modulate the deleterious effects of γ-irradiation on red blood cells (RBCs) pathophysiology. In the present work, the antioxidant activity of hydrated-cNDs (h-cNDs) on limiting the oxidative damage (water radiolysis effect) by γ-irradiation was confirmed. Our results show that h-cNDs has remarkable free radicals scavenging ability and preserves the catalase enzymatic activity after γ-irradiation...
January 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337105/chitosan-sodium-tripolyphosphate-nanoparticles-as-efficient-vehicles-for-antioxidant-peptidic-fraction-from-common-kilka
#12
Seyed Fakhreddin Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Soleimani, Maryam Nikkhah
Fish-purified antioxidant peptide (AOP)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) were synthesized based on the ionotropic gelation between CS and sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP). The ζ-potential showed an earlier rise and later decrease with increasing concentrations of AOP. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images also revealed roughly uniform spherical-shaped nanoparticles with diameter of <100 nm. Molecular interactions among the components of the NPs and peptides were confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336723/chemical-characterization-and-evaluation-of-the-antioxidants-in-chaenomeles-fruits-by-an-improved-hplc-tof-ms-coupled-to-an-on-line-dpph-hplc-method
#13
Minmin Zhang, Ruixuan Zhao, Siduo Zhou, Wei Liu, Yan Liang, Zhiguo Zhao, Shengbo Li, Xiao Wang, Tityee Wong, Hengqiang Zhao
An improved method based on HPLC-TOF/MS was developed to catalog the antioxidants in five species of Chaenomeles (Mugua). Forty-four fractions from the Mugua extracts show appreciable levels of antioxidative activity in scavenging the stable free-radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and the hydroxyl radicals. Twelve major antioxidant's chemical structures are identified. Antioxidant activities differ between species, but intra-species level of antioxidants, regardless of their ripeness, are similar. C. sinensis has the highest antioxidant level...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336466/magnolol-protects-against-ischemic-reperfusion-brain-damage-following-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-transient-focal-cerebral-ischemia
#14
Sheng-Yang Huang, Shih-Huang Tai, Che-Chao Chang, Yi-Fang Tu, Chih-Han Chang, E-Jian Lee
In the present study, the neuroprotective potential of magnolol against ischemia-reperfusion brain injury was examined via in vivo and in vitro experiments. Magnolol exhibited strong radical scavenging and antioxidant activity, and significantly inhibited the production of interleukin‑6, tumor necrosis factor‑a and nitrite/nitrate (NOX) in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV2 and RAW 264.7 cells when applied at concentrations of 10 and 50 µM, respectively. Magnolol (100 µM) also significantly attenuated oxygen‑glucose deprivation‑induced damage in neonatal rat hippocampal slice cultures, when administered up to 4 h following the insult...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336171/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-and-antinociceptive-activities-of-syringa-vulgaris-l-bark-and-leaf-extracts
#15
Erzsébet Varga, Csenge Barabás, Anita Tóth, Imre Boldizsár, Béla Noszál, Gergő Tóth
Metabolite profile, antioxidant and antinociceptive activities of Syringa vulgaris bark and leaf methanolic extracts were investigated. By means of HPLC-DAD-ESI-TOF and HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS, a total of 33 phenolics were identified, including 15 secoiridoids, 6 phenylpropanoids, 3 flavonoids, 3 lignans and 6 low molecular weight phenols. Validated quantitative analysis show that syringin (2.52%) and rutin (1.13%) are the main phenolic compounds in bark and leaf, respectively. Notable radical scavenging and antinociceptive activities of the bark and leaf extracts were confirmed by in vitro DPPH● and ABTS●+ assays and by in vivo hot-plate method in mice, respectively...
January 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335845/carnosic-acid-as-a-promising-agent-in-protecting-mitochondria-of-brain-cells
#16
REVIEW
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira
Carnosic acid (CA; C20H28O4), a phenolic diterpene characterized as an ortho-dihydroquinone-type molecule, is a pro-electrophile agent that becomes an electrophile after reacting with free radicals. The electrophile generated from CA interacts with and activates the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor, which is a major modulator of redox biology in mammalian cells. CA induces antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in several cell types, as observed in both in vitro and in vivo experimental models...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334672/oxidative-and-interactive-challenge-of-cadmium-and-ocean-acidification-on-the-smooth-scallop-flexopecten-glaber
#17
Alessandro Nardi, Maura Benedetti, Daniele Fattorini, Francesco Regoli
Ocean acidification (OA) may affect sensitivity of marine organisms to metal pollution modulating chemical bioavailability, bioaccumulation and biological responsiveness of several cellular pathways. In this study, the smooth scallop Flexopecten glaber was exposed to various combinations of reduced pH (pH/pCO2 7.4/∼3000 μatm) and Cd (20 μg/L). The analyses on cadmium uptake were integrated with those of a wide battery of biomarkers including metallothioneins, single antioxidant defenses and total oxyradical scavenging capacity in digestive gland and gills, lysosomal membrane stability and onset of genotoxic damage in haemocytes...
January 8, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334256/differential-content-of-secondary-metabolites-in-diploid-and-tetraploid-cytotypes-of-siegesbeckia-orientalis-l
#18
Saroj Kumar Pradhan, Raghbir Chand Gupta, Rajesh Kumar Goel
Siegesbeckia orientalis L. is an annual herb widely distributed throughout the world and has many medicinal properties. In Chinese traditional system, it is popularly known as Xi-Xian and used for its anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, two cytotypes (diploid and tetraploid) have been investigated for their secondary metabolites. The different plant parts have been explored in terms of total phenolics, total flavonoids, DPPH radical scavenging acitivity and total antioxidant capacity. Out of different plant parts, leaves have the maximum amount of secondary metabolites and antioxidant potential...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333393/effect-of-monascus-fermented-soybean-extracts-on-antioxidant-and-skin-aging-related-enzymes-inhibitory-activities
#19
Yoo-Jeong Jin, Young-Hee Pyo
We investigated the in vitro inhibitory activity against skin aging-related enzymes and antioxidant activity of Monascus-fermented soybean extracts (MFSEs) obtained by using different solvents. The highest Trolox equivalent (TE) antioxidant capacity (3.13±0.06 mM TE/g) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (2.79±0.09 mM TE/g) of MFSEs were evaluated for the methanol and 80% ethanol extracts, respectively. The antioxidant capacities increased with increasing concentration (0.5~50 mg/mL). In addition, the methanol and 80% ethanol extracts showed an effective inhibition against tyrosinase, hyaluronidase, and elastase compared with those of acetone and hot water extracts (P<0...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333388/enhancement-of-phenolic-production-and-antioxidant-activity-from-buckwheat-leaves-by-subcritical-water-extraction
#20
Dong-Shin Kim, Mi-Bo Kim, Sang-Bin Lim
To enhance the production of phenolic compounds with high antioxidant activity and reduce the level of phototoxic fagopyrin, buckwheat leaves were extracted with subcritical water (SW) at 100~220°C for 10~50 min. The major phenolic compounds were quercetin, gallic acid, and protocatechuic acid. The cumulative amount of individual phenolic compounds increased with increasing extraction temperature from 100°C to 180°C and did not change significantly at 200°C and 220°C. The highest yield of individual phenolic compounds was 1,632...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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