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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793169/spontaneous-rise-in-open-rectangular-channels-under-gravity
#1
Vignesh Thammanna Gurumurthy, Ilia V Roisman, Cameron Tropea, Stephen Garoff
Fluid movement in microfluidic devices, porous media, and textured surfaces involves coupled flows over the faces and corners of the media. Spontaneous wetting of simple grooved surfaces provides a model system to probe these flows. This numerical study investigates the spontaneous rise of a liquid in an array of open rectangular channels under gravity, using the Volume-of-Fluid method with adaptive mesh refinement. The rise is characterized by the meniscus height at the channel center, outer face and the interior and exterior corners...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793144/structural-confirmation-and-spectroscopic-study-of-a-biomolecule-norepinephrine
#2
T Yadav, V Mukherjee
The present work deals with the conformational and vibrational spectroscopic study of an important bio-molecule named norepinephrine in gas phase. The FTIR and FTRaman spectrum of norepinephrine in amorphous form were recorded in wavenumber range 4000-400 cm-1 and 4000-50 cm-1 respectively. We have investigated twenty-seven stable conformational structures of norepinephrine molecule. All the calculations have been done using Density Functional Theory with exchange functional B3LYP incorporated with the 6-31++G(d, p) basis set...
May 21, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793125/assessment-of-cam-morphology-of-the-hip-with-ultra-sound-imaging-by-physical-therapists-is-reliable-and-valid
#3
Liliane Mandema, Igor Tak, Brigitte Mooij, Ruud Groeneweg, Eric Bakker, Peter van Veldhoven
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome is considered present when a combination of clinical symptoms, signs and morphological features of the hip co-exist. Imaging is increasingly popular in primary health care settings with physical therapists performing ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and inter-rater reliability of ultrasound in determining presence of cam morphology. DESIGN: A concurrent validity and inter-rater reliability study...
April 14, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793018/image-fusion-and-3d-roadmapping-in-endovascular-surgery
#4
Douglas W Jones, Lars Stangenberg, Nicholas J Swerdlow, Matthew Alef, Ruby Lo, Fahad Shuja, Marc L Schermerhorn
Practitioners of endovascular surgery have historically utilized two-dimensional (2D) intraoperative fluoroscopic imaging, with intra-vascular contrast opacification, to treat complex three-dimensional (3D) pathology. Recently, major technical developments in intraoperative imaging have made image fusion techniques possible: the creation of a 3D patient-specific vascular roadmap based on preoperative imaging which aligns with intraoperative fluoroscopy, with many potential benefits. First, a 3D model is segmented from preoperative imaging, typically a CT scan...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792999/does-solid-fusion-eliminate-rod-fracture-after-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-related-thoracolumbar-kyphosis
#5
Shi-Zhou Zhao, Bang-Ping Qian, Mu Qiao, Jun Jiang, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Rod fracture (RF) has a negative impact on the surgical outcome of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients following lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). However, there is a paucity of published studies analyzing the risk factors for RF in PSO-treated AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors for RF after PSO for thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to AS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective single-center study...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792987/the-rheological-and-textural-characterization-of-soluplus-%C3%A2-vitamin-e-composites
#6
Ahmad Salawi, Sami Nazzal
Soluplus® is a graft amphiphilic copolymer that is frequently used as an excipient in solid dosage forms as a dissolution and a solubility enhancer. We discovered that Soluplus® can be dissolved in vitamin E. The result is a tacky and highly adhesive material. Our research objective was to evaluate the rheological, adhesive, and textural properties of the Soluplus® /Vitamin E composites. In this study, Soluplus® was dissolved under heat in vitamin E at increasing concentrations from 0 to 40% (by weight)...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792882/utilization-of-automated-performance-metrics-to-measure-surgeon-performance-during-robotic-vesicourethral-anastomosis-and-methodical-development-of-a-training-tutorial
#7
Jian Chen, Paul J Oh, Nathan Cheng, Ankeet Shah, Jeremy Montez, Anthony Jarc, Liheng Guo, Inderbir S Gill, Andrew J Hung
PURPOSE: To develop and validate automated performance metrics (APMs) to measure surgeon performance of vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RRP). Furthermore, we seek to methodically develop a standardized training tutorial for the robotic VUA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: APMs (motion tracking and system events data) and synchronized surgical video were captured during the RRP. Non-automated performance metrics (NAPMs) were manually annotated by video review...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792806/fate-of-fluorescence-labels-their-adsorption-and-desorption-kinetics-to-silver-nanoparticles
#8
Claudia Kästner, Linda Böhmert, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen, Andreas F Thünemann
Silver nanoparticles are among the most widely used und produced nanoparticles. Due to their frequent application in consumer products, the assessment of their toxicological potential has seen a renewed importance. A major difficulty is the traceability of nanoparticles in in vitro and in vivo experiments. Even if the particles are labeled, for example by a fluorescent marker, the dynamic exchange of ligands often prohibits their spatial localization. Our study provides an insight into the adsorption and desorption kinetics of two different fluorescent labels on silver nanoparticles with a core radius of 3 nm by dynamic light scattering (DLS), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and fluorescence spectroscopy...
May 24, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792674/partial-intrinsic-disorder-governs-the-dengue-capsid-protein-conformational-ensemble
#9
Priscilla L S Boon, Wuan Geok Saw, Xin Xiang Lim, Palur Venkata Raghuvamsi, Roland G Huber, Jan K Marzinek, Daniel A Holdbrook, Ganesh S Anand, Gerhard Grüber, Peter J Bond
The 11 kDa, positively charged dengue capsid protein (C protein) exists stably as a homodimer and co-localizes with the viral genome within mature viral particles. Its core is composed of four alpha helices encompassing a small hydrophobic patch that may interact with lipids, but approximately 20% of the protein at the N-terminus is intrinsically disordered, making it challenging to elucidate its conformational landscape. Here, we combine small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), amide hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDXMS), and atomic-resolution molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to probe the dynamics of dengue C proteins...
May 24, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792413/conductive-metal-organic-frameworks-as-ion-to-electron-transducers-in-potentiometric-sensors
#10
Lukasz Mendecki, Katherine A Mirica
This paper describes an unexplored property of conductive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as ion-to-electron transducers in the context of potentiometric detection. Several conductive two-dimensional MOF analogues were drop-cast onto a glassy carbon electrode and then covered with an ion-selective membrane to form a potentiometric sensor. The resulting devices exhibited excellent sensing properties toward anions and cations, characterized by a near-Nernstian response and over 4 orders of magnitude linear range...
May 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792167/association-between-glaucoma-severity-and-driving-cessation-in-subjects-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#11
Aya Takahashi, Kenya Yuki, Sachiko Awano-Tanabe, Takeshi Ono, Daisuke Shiba, Kazuo Tsubota
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, which included a baseline cross-sectional study and a 3-year follow-up prospective study, was to investigate the association between glaucomatous visual field damage and driving cessation in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: A total of 211 POAG subjects divided into 3 groups according to POAG severity (mild, moderate, or severe) in the better eye were enrolled along with 148 control subjects; subjects were asked about changes in their driving status...
May 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792041/increased-diagnostic-confidence-in-the-diagnosis-of-pituitary-micro-lesions-with-the-addition-of-three-dimensional-sampling-perfection-with-application-optimized-contrasts-using-different-flip-angle-evolutions-sequences
#12
Ying Tang, Yue Wu, Hua Zhang, Jing Wang, ZhenWei Yao
Background Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is adversely affected by thick slices, small intersection gaps, and the partial volume effect, leading to the missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis of pituitary micro-lesions. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic yield of three-dimensional sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (3D-T2 SPACE) sequences compared with a standard MRI protocol for the diagnosis of pituitary micro-lesions. Material and Methods The MRI findings of 664 patients with clinically suspected pituitary lesions were retrospectively analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791694/filling-open-screw-holes-in-the-area-of-metaphyseal-comminution-does-not-affect-fatigue-life-of-the-synthes-variable-angle-distal-femoral-locking-plate-in-the-ao-ota-33-a3-fracture-model
#13
Luis Grau, Kevin Collon, Ali Alhandi, David Kaimrajh, Maria Varon, Loren Latta, Fernando Vilella
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical effect of filling locking variable angle (VA) screw holes at the area of metaphyseal fracture comminution in a Sawbones® (Sawbones USA, Vashon, Washington) model (AO/OTA 33A-3 fracture) using a Synthes VA locking compression plate (LCP) (Depuy Synthes, Warsaw, Indiana). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven Sawbones® femur models had a Synthes VA-LCP placed as indicated by the manufacturers technique...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791691/evaluation-of-miniscrew-angulation-in-the-posterior-maxilla-using-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-image
#14
Henrique M Villela, Mario Vedovello Filho, Heloísa C Valdrighi, Milton Santamaria-Jr, Carolina Carmo de Menezes, Silvia A S Vedovello
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating whether changes in the insertion angle is a determining factor in the positioning of the miniscrews body in a region with larger interradicular space in the posterior maxilla. METHODS: Analysis of 60 posterior maxillary quadrants were made using images obtained by means of cone-beam computed tomographic image (CBCT), with 0.076-mm voxel, which presented a real miniscrew inserted in the mesial region of the maxillary first molars, serving as reference point for the placement of the virtual miniscrews...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791683/the-t-loop-in-details
#15
Amanda Frizzo Viecilli, Maria Perpétua Mota Freitas
INTRODUCTION: The T-loop as designed by Burstone is a space closure spring used in the rational application of orthodontic biomechanics. Despite the diversity of studies, there is still no consensus on the optimal parametric characteristics for its conformation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at reviewing the literature on the force systems released by different conformations of the T-loop, according to the type of anchorage and the main characteristics and factors that influence them...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791392/wide-field-of-view-crossed-dragone-optical-system-using-anamorphic-aspherical-surfaces
#16
Shingo Kashima, Masashi Hazumi, Hiroaki Imada, Nobuhiko Katayama, Tomotake Matsumura, Yutaro Sekimoto, Hajime Sugai
A side-fed crossed Dragone telescope provides a wide field of view. This type of telescope is commonly employed in the measurement of cosmic microwave background polarization, which requires an image-space telecentric telescope with a large focal plane over broadband coverage. We report the design of a wide field-of-view crossed Dragone optical system using anamorphic aspherical surfaces with correction terms up to the 10th order. We achieved a Strehl ratio larger than 0.95 over 32×18 square degrees at 150 GHz...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791381/fringe-projection-system-for-high-temperature-workpieces-design-calibration-and-measurement
#17
Rüdiger Beermann, Lorenz Quentin, Eduard Reithmeier, Markus Kästner
In the Collaborative Research Centre 1153, Tailored Forming, the geometry of hot measurement objects needs to be captured quickly, areally, and with high precision. The documentation of the hybrid components' shrinkage behavior directly after the forming process can yield insight into the development of residual stresses. In this paper, we present a fringe projection measurement setup designed for the topography measurement of high-temperature steel shafts, comprising two cameras with different lenses and a projector...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791369/three-dimensional-shape-measurement-using-a-structured-light-system-with-dual-projectors
#18
Chufan Jiang, Beatrice Lim, Song Zhang
This paper introduces a structured light system with two projectors and one camera for three-dimensional (3D) shape measurement to alleviate problems created by a single projector such as the shadow problem. In particular, we developed (1) a system calibration framework that can accurately calibrate each such camera-projector system; (2) a residual error correction method based on the system error function; and (3) a data fusion method utilizing the angle between the projection direction and surface normal...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791368/design-and-analysis-for-a-bend-resistant-and-large-mode-area-photonic-crystal-fiber-with-hybrid-cladding
#19
Yan Qin, Huajun Yang, Ping Jiang, Fengji Gui, Weinan Caiyang, Biao Cao
In this paper, an asymmetric large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber (LMA-PCF) with low bending loss at a smaller bending radius is designed. The finite-element method with a perfectly matched layer boundary is used to analyze the performance of the PCF. To achieve LMA-PCF with low bending loss, the air holes with double lattice constants and different sizes at the core are designed. Numerical results show that this structure can achieve low bending loss and LMA with a smaller bending radius at the wavelength of 1...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791355/laser-coarse-fine-coupling-tracking-by-cascaded-rotation-risley-prism-pairs
#20
Anhu Li, Wansong Sun, Xingsheng Liu, Wei Gong
Rotation Risley prisms are increasingly used for laser tracking due to high precision and good dynamic performance. In this paper, a novel laser coarse-fine coupling tracking method based on two pairs of rotation Risley prisms is proposed to perform the forward and inverse tracking function. The second pair of rotation Risley prisms with narrower wedge angle can achieve higher precision tracking with narrower field of view than the first one, enriching the coarse-fine coupling tracking trajectory patterns. Moreover, an inverse algorithm based on the two-step method and Newton's iterative method is applied to solve the inverse issue for laser coarse-fine coupling tracking...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
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