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Internal hernia

Justin P Wagner, Alexander D Schroeder, Juan C Espinoza, Jonathan R Hiatt, John D Mellinger, Robert A Cusick, Robert J Fitzgibbons, Giampiero Campanelli, Marta Cavalli, Sergio Roll, Rodrigo A Silva, Wolfgang Reinpold, Louis-Franck Télémaque, Brent D Matthews, Charles J Filipi, David C Chen
Importance: Sustainable, capacity-building educational collaborations are essential to address the global burden of surgical disease. Objective: To assess an international, competency-based training paradigm for hernia surgery in underserved countries. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective, observational study performed from November 1, 2013, through October 31, 2015, at 16 hospitals in Brazil, Ecuador, Haiti, Paraguay, and the Dominican Republic, surgeons completed initial training programs in hernia repair, underwent interval proficiency assessments, and were appointed regional trainers...
October 5, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Nicholas E Bruns, Ian C Glenn, Neil L McNinch, Kelly Arps, Todd A Ponsky, Avraham Schlager
PURPOSE: Although recurrence remains one of the most feared complications following congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair, there are minimal data on the optimal surgical approach to these complex situations. The purpose of this study was to survey the international pediatric surgery community to ascertain practice patterns for both minimally invasive (MIS) and open approaches for recurrent CDH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to members of an online community of pediatric surgeons...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
María Paz Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Agostina Tardivo, Fabián Tomasoni, Verónica Tejeiro, Inés Camacho, Mariana Vilas, Rosa Liascovich, Pablo Barbero
BACKGROUND: Diprosopus is a subtype of symmetric conjoined twins with one head, facial duplication and a single trunk. Diprosopus is a very rare congenital anomaly. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published cases and the presentation of two new cases born in Argentina. We estimated the prevalence of conjoined twins and diprosopus using data from the National Network of Congenital Anomalies of Argentina (RENAC). RESULTS: The prevalence of conjoined twins in RENAC was 19 per 1,000,000 births (95% confidence interval, 12-29)...
October 5, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Marc Dilauro, Matthew D F McInnes, Nicola Schieda, Ania Z Kielar, Raman Verma, Cynthia Walsh, Andrey Vizhul, William Petrcich, Joseph Mamazza
Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of internal hernia (IH) in patients who have undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and to develop decision tree models to optimize diagnostic accuracy. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective, ethics-approved study of patients who had undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with surgically confirmed IH (n = 76) and without IH (n = 78). Two radiologists independently reviewed each examination for the following previously established CT signs of IH: mesenteric swirl, small-bowel obstruction (SBO), mushroom sign, clustered loops, hurricane eye, small bowel behind the superior mesenteric artery, and right-sided anastomosis...
September 30, 2016: Radiology
Théophile Guilbaud, Amine Bouayed, Mehdi Ouaissi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Nele Loret, Marieke De Visschere, Luc Berwouts
INTRODUCTION: The exponential increase of bariatric surgery has resulted in a new diagnostic field of postoperative complications. One of the possibly serious complications is trocar site hernia. CASE REPORT: We present a rare case of trocar site hernia, in particular herniation of the blind loop of the jejunojejunostomy in a patient previously operated for laparoscopic gastric bypass. CONCLUSION: In patients with intermittent epigastric pain and regurgitation or nausea after RYGB, the differential diagnosis should include internal herniation and cholecystitis...
August 10, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
P J Chung, J S Lee, S Tam, A Schwartzman, M O Bernstein, L Dresner, A Alfonso, G Sugiyama
PURPOSE: Anterior abdominal wall hernias are among the most commonly encountered surgical disease. We sought to identify risk factors that are associated with 30-day postoperative mortality following emergent abdominal wall hernia repair using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the ACS NSQIP from 2005 to 2010 was performed. Patients were selected using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Disease 9 Clinical Modification (ICD9) codes for the repair of inguinal, femoral, umbilical, epigastric, ventral, or incisional hernias that were incarcerated, obstructed, strangulated, or gangrenous...
September 16, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Vishwajit Deshmukh, Seema Singh, Neerja Sirohi, Divya Baruhee
The obturator artery normally originates from the internal iliac artery while the obturator vein drains into the internal iliac vein. During a routine gross anatomy dissection class for undergraduate students at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in 2016, a rare unilateral variation in the obturator vasculature was found in a female cadaver of approximately 55 years of age. In this case, the left obturator artery originated from the superior gluteal artery and the left obturator vein drained into the external iliac vein...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Claudio Ricci, Riccardo Casadei, Vincenzo Alagna, Elia Zani, Giovanni Taffurelli, Carlo Alberto Pacilio, Francesco Minni
PURPOSE: Two main techniques are commonly used during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in order to perform the ileocolic anastomosis: intracorporeal (IA) and extracorporeal (EA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of the two techniques. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out to identify studies comparing IA and EA. The primary endpoint was anastomotic leakage. The secondary endpoints were intra- and postoperative results. A meta-analysis was carried out using the random-effects model...
September 5, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
S Y Lee, C H Kim, Y J Kim, H R Kim
PURPOSE: Internal hernia of the small bowel through a mesenteric defect following colorectal cancer surgery is a serious but rarely reported complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features, and management of these hernias. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 4589 primary colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgical resection between January 2007 and December 2015. The incidence, clinical presentations, and short-term outcomes of patients with symptomatic internal hernia following colorectal surgery were investigated in detail...
September 1, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Marijke Molegraaf, Johan Lange, Arthur Wijsmuller
BACKGROUND: Chronic postoperative inguinal pain (CPIP) is the most common long-term complication of inguinal hernia repair. As such procedures are routinely performed, CPIP can be considered a significant burden to global health care. Therefore, adequate preventative measures relevant to surgical practice are investigated. However, as no gold standard research approach is currently available, study and outcome measures differ between studies. The current review aims to provide a qualitative analysis of the literature to seek out if outcomes of CPIP are valid and comparable, facilitating recommendations on the best approach to preventing CPIP...
August 27, 2016: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
Yvonne Ying-Ru Ng, James Chi-Yong Ngu, Andrew Siang-Yih Wong
BACKGROUND: Although adhesions account for more than 70% of small bowel obstruction (SBO), they are thought to be less likely aetiologies in patients without previous abdominal surgery. Expedient surgery has historically been advocated as prudent management in these patients. Emerging evidence appears to challenge such a dogmatic approach. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in all SBO patients with a virgin abdomen admitted between January 2012 and August 2014...
August 25, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Parisa Azimi, Hossein Nayeb Aghaei, Shirzad Azhari, Sohrab Shazadi, Hamid Khayat Kashany, Hassan Reza Mohammadi, Ali Montazeri
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to cross-culturally translate and validate the low back outcome score (LBOS) in Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar disc hernia (LDH) is the most common diagnoses of low back pain and imposes a heavy burden on both individual and society. Instruments measuring patient reported outcomes should satisfy cetain psychometric properties. METHODS: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original questionnaire was performed using Beaton's guideline...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Jessica Green, Tomoko Ikuine, Shoshana Hacker, Hernan Urrego, Karleena Tuggle
Small bowel obstructions (SBOs) are a known perioperative complication of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and common etiologies include internal hernia, port site hernia, jejunojejunostomy stricture, ileus and adhesions. Less commonly, SBO can be caused by superior mesenteric artery syndrome, intussusception and intraluminal blood clot. We present a case of SBO caused by intraluminal blood clot from jejunojejunostomy staple line bleeding in a patient with a normal coagulation profile. Computed tomography was used to elucidate the cause of perioperative SBO, and diagnostic laparoscopy was used to both diagnose and treat the complication...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Bilgehan Çağdaş Sonbahar, Gül Bora, Necdet Özalp, Cengiz Kara
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate sexual functions which are affected by inguinal hernias and may change after hernia repair surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients who underwent Lichtenstein tension-free anterior repair and inguinal hernia surgery were evaluated in terms of erectile function, intercourse function, sexual desire, overall satisfaction and orgasm satisfaction using the International Index of Erectile function questionnaire (IIEF) scoring system before surgery and in the first and sixth months after surgery...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Ali Ahiskalioglu, İlker İnce, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Akgun Oral, Mehmet Aksoy, Murat Yiğiter, Mehmet Emin Celikkaya, Ahmet Bedii Salman
Purpose The aim of this study is to evaluate operating conditions during general anesthesia with or without neuromuscular blocker (NMB) in patients undergoing percutaneous internal ring suturing (PIRS). Materials and Methods In this study, 40 patients, with American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II between the ages of 1 and 12 years, were randomly assigned to two groups to receive muscle relaxant with endotracheal tube (ETT) (ETT group) or without muscle relaxant with supreme laryngeal mask airway (sLMA) (LMA group)...
August 22, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Naoko Otani-Takei, Tetsu Akimoto, Ai Sadatomo, Osamu Saito, Shigeaki Muto, Eiji Kusano, Daisuke Nagata
Abdominal hernias are a common cause of bowel obstruction. The major types of abdominal hernias are external or abdominal wall hernias, which occur at areas of congenital or acquired weakness in the abdominal wall. An alternative entity is internal hernias, which are characterized by a protrusion of viscera through the peritoneum or mesentery. We herein present the case of a female peritoneal dialysis patient with bowel obstruction due to an internal hernia. Although an initial work-up did not lead to a correct diagnosis, an exploratory laparotomy revealed that she had intestinal herniation due to a defect in the broad ligament of the uterus, which was promptly corrected by surgery...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Xiao-zhang Ying, Qi Zheng, Shi-yuan Shi, Yi-fan Wang, Jun Fei, Gui-he Han, De-xin Hu
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical outcomes and advantages of anterior small-incision focus debridement with posterior internal fixation through muscle spa ring in treating patients with lumbar spinal tuberculosis. METHODS: From February 2010 to February 2014, totally 82 patients with lumbar spinal tuberculosis were treated by posterior individual fixation with small-incision focus debridement,including 50 males and 32 females with an average of 50.5 years old. All patients were divided into two groups according to different procedures...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
V Sobek, M Chrostek
UNLABELLED: Internal abdominal hernias present an infrequent surgical diagnosis and are usually encountered accidentally during surgery. They are generally considered as an extremely rare cause of ileus. In our article we present the case of a 69-year-old healthy female who was operated for suspected gastric volvulus as suggested by the CT scan; however, upon surgery, herniation of the right-sided colon into the omental bursa with subsequent cecal dilation and bowel wall necrosis was revealed to be the true culprit...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Edward Araujo Júnior, Gabriele Tonni, Wellington P Martins, Rodrigo Ruano
Introduction This study aims to assess the procedure-related complications and survival following fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion (FETO) for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Materials and Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis of PubMed and Scopus database searching for FETO procedure in severe CDH (lung-to-head ratio [LHR] < 1.0 and/or observed/expected LHR < 0.26 and > 1/3 liver herniation) were performed. The relative risk was assessed and 95% confidence interval (CI) calculated...
August 14, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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