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C. Difficule

B San Vicente, C Bardají, P Obiols, P Abad, S Rigol
The congenital pulmonary malformation are a rare entity in pediatric age. Between of them, the cystic adenomatoid malformation (MAQ) is the most ferquent entity, followed by pulmonary sequestration (SP) and the most rare broncogenic cyst. As a consequence of ultrasound and fetal magnetic resonance we are abble to diagnose earlier this patology. To know the clinical findings, the diagnosis, and the evolution, we have done a retrospective study of underwented MAQ at our hospital during the last 17 years, including such with late diagnosis as with prenatal diagnosis, and describing those presenting impredictable evolution or a different difficul diagnosis...
April 2009: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
K E Mönkemüller, C M Wilcox
The colon is a frequent site of gastrointestinal complications in patients with HIV infection, and these colonic disorders increase in frequency as immunodeficiency worsens. The most common clinical manifestations of colonic disease in AIDS are diarrhea, lower gastrointestinal bleeding, and abdominal pain. Toxic megacolon, intussuseption, typhlitis, idiopathic colonic ulcer, and pneumatosis intestinalis also have been described. In the HIV-infected patient with preserved immunity, the most common cause of colitis is bacterial, but as the degree of immunodeficiency worsens, opportunistic pathogens (CMV, protozoa, mycobacteria, fungi) and neoplasms become more frequent...
October 1998: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
N G Crisp, C B Ijsselmuiden, R De Swardt, M M Steyn, D M Gibbs, E T Tshabalala
Following the outbreak of poliomyelitis in Gazankulu in 1982, the immunisation services in Gazankulu were thoroughly examined. As a result of this, a comprehensive immunisation policy for Gazankulu was accepted in November 1986. The broad aim of the policy is to provide effective immunisation to all Gazankulu residents against tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis and measles. A specific objective is that by the end of 1987, 85% of under-5s should have been vaccinated against these six diseases and by the end of 1990 this percentage should be 97%...
September 5, 1987: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
F Castex, G Corthier, S Jouvert, G W Elmer, F Lucas, M Bastide
The ability of Saccharomyces boulardii to protect mice against intestinal pathology caused by toxinogenic Clostridium difficile was studied. Different regions of the intestine of experimental mice were prepared for observation by scanning electron microscopy or homogenized for C. difficile enumeration and quantification of toxin A by enzyme immunoassay and toxin B by cytotoxicity. The test group was treated for 6 d with an S. boulardii suspension in drinking water and challenged with C. difficule on day 4. The three control groups were: axenic mice, mice treated with only S...
June 1990: Journal of General Microbiology
G Gainotti, A Ibba, C Caltagirone
The authors carried out a verbal auditory comprehension test on 115 aphasic patients, 44 patients suffering from a left hemispheric lesion without aphasia and 120 normal subjects used as acontrol group. The test also revealed either disorders in acoustico-phonemic discrimination or difficulities in semantic differentiation. The main aim of the research was to check experimentally the theory propounded by Alajouanine and colleagues (1964) according to which, in Wernicke's aphasia, it is possible to demonstrate a twofold correlation between disorders of comprehension and speech disorders both phonemic and semantic...
September 1975: Revue Neurologique
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