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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156363/quality-of-life-is-associated-with-chronic-inflammation-in-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
M Faugere, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Faget-Agius, C Lançon, M Cermolacce, R Richieri
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of depression. However, the association between chronic inflammation and health outcomes in depression remains unclear, particularly for patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) (physical and mental health, assessed by the SF-36) and chronic inflammation assessed using C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with current major depressive disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156218/use-of-luminescent-gunshot-residues-markers-in-forensic-context-part-ii
#2
A M Arouca, M A M Lucena, R J Rossiter, M Talhavini, I T Weber
Gunshot residues (GSR) are important physical evidence in firearm-related crimes. Recently developed non-toxic ammunition, however, requires a new methodology for its characterization. To overcome this drawback, the introduction of noncommercial luminescent markers in ammunition was proposed. These markers, synthesized and added to the gunpowder, presented as a versatile tool for GSR analysis, since they require UV radiation alone to visualize the luminescent GSR (LGSR). This has opened up new perspectives for understanding GSR behavior at a crime scene...
November 6, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156158/international-congress-on-soldiers-physical-performance-2017-research-priorities-across-the-service-members-operational-lifecycle
#3
EDITORIAL
Dan C Billing, Jace R Drain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155948/predictors-of-fatigue-and-work-ability-in-cancer-survivors
#4
P van Muijen, S F A Duijts, K Bonefaas-Groenewoud, A J van der Beek, J R Anema
Background: Workers diagnosed with cancer are at risk for job loss or work disability. Aims: To determine predictors of fatigue and work ability at 36 months after diagnosis in a population of cancer survivors. Methods: Individuals diagnosed with cancer and who applied for work disability benefit at 24 months of sick leave were surveyed at the time of application and again 12 months later. Fatigue was measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue scale questionnaire and work ability was measured using the work ability index...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155166/do-correlates-of-pain-related-stoicism-and-cautiousness-differ-in-younger-and-older-people-with-advanced-cancer
#5
Kenneth Mah, Kim T Tran, Lynn R Gauthier, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, David Warr, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Age differences are not evident in pain-related stoicism and cautiousness in people with cancer pain. Little is known about the factors associated with these pain-related attitudes or age-related patterns in these associations. The present cross-sectional study investigated the biopsychosocial correlates of the attitudes in younger and older patients with advanced cancer. Pain-related stoicism (fortitude, concealment, superiority) and cautiousness (self-doubt, reluctance) were assessed using the Pain Attitudes Questionnaire-Revised (PAQ-R)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154919/patient-reported-outcomes-and-opioid-use-by-outpatient-cancer-patients
#6
N Moryl, V Dave, P Glare, A Bokhari, V T Malhotra, A Gulati, J Hung, V Puttanniah, Y Griffo, R Tickoo, A Wiesenthal, S D Horn, C E Inturrisi
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Pain Registry contains patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes for a prospective cohort of 1534 chronic pain cancer patients who were seen at outpatient pain service clinics. Average pain intensity (Brief Pain Inventory) was reported as mild by 24.6% of patients, moderate by 41.5%, and severe by 33.9%. The patient's report of average percent pain relief and health state (EQ-5D) was inversely related to average pain intensity category, while measures of pain interference, number of worst pain locations, and physical and psychological distress were directly related to pain intensity category...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154695/an-evaluation-of-portable-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-monitor-accuracy
#7
Earl Cooper, Andrew Grundstein, Adam Rosen, Jessica Miles, Jupil Ko, Patrick Curry
CONTEXT:   Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) is the gold standard for assessing environmental heat stress during physical activity. Many manufacturers of commercially available instruments fail to report WBGT accuracy. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the accuracy of several commercially available WBGT monitors compared with a standardized reference device. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Field test. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Six commercially available WBGT devices...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#8
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154461/patient-understanding-of-disease-and-the-use-and-outcome-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Shankar Baskar, John L Jefferies, Lisa Salberg, Philip R Khoury, David S Spar, Timothy K Knilans, Richard J Czosek
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young individuals. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are the primary therapy for sudden death prevention; however, are associated with both physical and psychological complications. We sought to determine factors associated with ICD understanding and patient satisfaction. This was a cross-sectional study, using patient/parent answered questionnaires distributed to patients enrolled in the Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Association...
November 20, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154046/simulation-of-guided-wave-ultrasound-propagation-in-composite-laminates-benchmark-comparisons-of-numerical-codes-and-experiment
#10
Cara A C Leckey, Kevin R Wheeler, Vasyl N Hafiychuk, Halyna Hafiychuk, Doğan A Timuçin
Ultrasonic wave methods constitute the leading physical mechanism for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and structural health monitoring (SHM) of solid composite materials, such as carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates. Computational models of ultrasonic wave excitation, propagation, and scattering in CFRP composites can be extremely valuable in designing practicable NDE and SHM hardware, software, and methodologies that accomplish the desired accuracy, reliability, efficiency, and coverage. The development and application of ultrasonic simulation approaches for composite materials is an active area of research in the field of NDE...
November 4, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153982/factors-associated-with-women-s-perception-of-and-satisfaction-with-quality-of-intrapartum-care-practices-in-swaziland
#11
Dumsile Innocentia Gamedze-Mshayisa, Su-Chen Kuo, Chieh-Yu Liu, Yu-Ying Lu
OBJECTIVE: giving birth is a lifetime event, where the quality of care a woman receives has the potential to affect her or her baby both physically and emotionally either on a short-term or long-term basis. This study aimed at identifying factors associated with women's perception of and satisfaction with the quality of intrapartum care as well as their future loyalty intentions in two regional hospitals in Swaziland. METHODS: this is a correlational study where data were collected from 383 women conveniently selected from two regional hospitals where they gave birth...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153519/invited-review-practical-feeding-management-recommendations-to-mitigate-the-risk-of-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-in-dairy-cattle
#12
E Humer, R M Petri, J R Aschenbach, B J Bradford, G B Penner, M Tafaj, K-H Südekum, Q Zebeli
Rumen health is of vital importance in ensuring healthy and efficient dairy cattle production. Current feeding programs for cattle recommend concentrate-rich diets to meet the high nutritional needs of cows during lactation and enhance cost-efficiency. These diets, however, can impair rumen health. The term "subacute ruminal acidosis" (SARA) is often used as a synonym for poor rumen health. In this review, we first describe the physiological demands of cattle for dietary physically effective fiber. We also provide background information on the importance of enhancing salivary secretions and short-chain fatty acid absorption across the stratified squamous epithelium of the rumen; thus, preventing the disruption of the ruminal acid-base balance, a process that paves the way for acidification of the rumen...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152523/workshops-of-the-sixth-international-brain-computer-interface-meeting-brain-computer-interfaces-past-present-and-future
#13
Jane E Huggins, Christoph Guger, Mounia Ziat, Thorsten O Zander, Denise Taylor, Michael Tangermann, Aureli Soria-Frisch, John Simeral, Reinhold Scherer, Rüdiger Rupp, Giulio Ruffini, Douglas K R Robinson, Nick F Ramsey, Anton Nijholt, Gernot Müller-Putz, Dennis J McFarland, Donatella Mattia, Brent J Lance, Pieter-Jan Kindermans, Iñaki Iturrate, Christian Herff, Disha Gupta, An H Do, Jennifer L Collinger, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Steven M Chase, Martin G Bleichner, Aaron Batista, Charles W Anderson, Erik J Aarnoutse
The Sixth International Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) Meeting was held 30 May-3 June 2016 at the Asilomar Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, California, USA. The conference included 28 workshops covering topics in BCI and brain-machine interface research. Topics included BCI for specific populations or applications, advancing BCI research through use of specific signals or technological advances, and translational and commercial issues to bring both implanted and non-invasive BCIs to market. BCI research is growing and expanding in the breadth of its applications, the depth of knowledge it can produce, and the practical benefit it can provide both for those with physical impairments and the general public...
2017: Brain Computer Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152248/nutritional-management-of-search-and-rescue-dogs
#14
G Vassalotti, N Musco, P Lombardi, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, V Mastellone, R Grazioli, S Bianchi, M I Cutrignelli
Dogs used for search and rescue (SAR) may experience continuous micro-traumas that predispose them to skeletal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of diet on osteo-articular apparatus in healthy SAR dogs. A total of sixteen SAR dogs were divided into two groups (low supplementation (LS) and high supplementation (HS)) and were fed for 3 months with two experimental diets, characterised by the same protein and energy density, but different in n-3 PUFA (6·2 v. 8·4 % of metabolisable energy), chondroitin sulfate (219·8 v...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151609/clues-to-nacn-formation
#16
G Quintana-Lacaci, J Cernicharo, L Velilla Prieto, M Agúndez, A Castro-Carrizo, J P Fonfría, S Massalkhi, J R Pardo
Context: ALMA is providing us essential information on where certain molecules form. Observing where these molecules emission arises from, the physical conditions of the gas, and how this relates with the presence of other species allows us to understand the formation of many species, and to significantly improve our knowledge of the chemistry that occurs in the space. Aims: We studied the molecular distribution of NaCN around IRC +10216, a molecule detected previously, but whose origin is not clear...
November 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151608/the-eso-diffuse-interstellar-bands-large-exploration-survey-edibles-i-project-description-survey-sample-and-quality-assessment
#17
Nick L J Cox, Jan Cami, Amin Farhang, Jonathan Smoker, Ana Monreal-Ibero, Rosine Lallement, Peter J Sarre, Charlotte C M Marshall, Keith T Smith, Christopher J Evans, Pierre Royer, Harold Linnartz, Martin A Cordiner, Christine Joblin, Jacco Th van Loon, Bernard H Foing, Neil H Bhatt, Emeric Bron, Meriem Elyajouri, Alex de Koter, Pascale Ehrenfreund, Atefeh Javadi, Lex Kaper, Habib G Khosroshadi, Mike Laverick, Franck Le Petit, Giacomo Mulas, Evelyne Roueff, Farid Salama, Marco Spaans
The carriers of the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) are largely unidentified molecules ubiquitously present in the interstellar medium (ISM). After decades of study, two strong and possibly three weak near-infrared DIBs have recently been attributed to the [Formula: see text] fullerene based on observational and laboratory measurements. There is great promise for the identification of the over 400 other known DIBs, as this result could provide chemical hints towards other possible carriers. In an effort to systematically study the properties of the DIB carriers, we have initiated a new large-scale observational survey: the ESO Diffuse Interstellar Bands Large Exploration Survey (EDIBLES)...
October 2017: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151367/surveillance-of-the-armed-forces-as-a-sentinel-system-for-detecting-adverse-effects-of-dietary-supplements-in-the-general-population
#18
Harris R Lieberman, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina
OBJECTIVE: Half the US population takes dietary supplements, but surveillance systems available to regulatory and public health authorities to determine whether specific dietary supplements present a risk are inadequate and numerous severe injuries and deaths have occurred from their consumption. Uniformed military personnel regularly use dietary supplements and are more likely to use potentially dangerous supplements than civilians. Recently, the supplement 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) was marketed for physical performance-enhancement and weight loss...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151251/quality-of-life-following-hospitalization-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-children
#19
Kelsey L Richardson, R Scott Watson, Sangeeta Hingorani
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized children. The impact of AKI following hospitalization is not fully understood, particularly the impact on health related quality of life (HRQOL). The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between hospitalization-associated AKI and HRQOL in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children with hospitalization-associated AKI. Eligible children were 1-19 years old with AKI defined by kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria and had at least one completed pediatric quality of life (PedsQL) 4...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151172/translation-and-validation-of-the-chinese-social-role-participation-questionnaire-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#20
Guoning Zhang, Jia Li, Delin Liu, Ting Wang, Yiming Wang, Weidong Xu
Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ) is used to evaluate the social participation with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Although the SRPQ has English and Dutch versions, there is no Chinese version even though China has the largest population of patients with AS. The objective of our study was to translate the SRPQ into Chinese version and assess its reliability and validity in Chinese patients with AS. The C-SRPQ was developed in a five-step translation and cross-cultural adaptation procedure. A total of 105 patients with AS were recruited during the time from September 2014 to June 2017...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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