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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#1
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647443/dermal-and-transdermal-delivery-of-pharmaceutically-relevant-macromolecules
#2
REVIEW
S Münch, J Wohlrab, R H H Neubert
The skin offers an attractive way for dermal and transdermal drug delivery that is why the drug still needs certain qualities to transcend the outermost layer of the skin, the stratum corneum. The requirements are: drugs with a maximum molecular weight of 1kDa, high lipophilicity and a certain polarity. This would restrict the use of a transdermal delivery of macromolecules, which would make the drug more effective in therapeutic administration. Various studies have shown that macromolecules without support do not penetrate the human skin...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647404/patient-centered-outcomes-and-treatment-preferences-regarding-sexual-problems-a-qualitative-study-among-midlife-women
#3
Holly N Thomas, Megan Hamm, Rachel Hess, Sonya Borrero, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is common in midlife women and can have a significant negative impact on quality of life. Although treatments exist, there is little research on which sexual function outcomes and treatments midlife women prefer. AIM: To better understand the sexual function outcomes that were most important to sexually active women 45 to 60 years old and the types of treatments they would prefer from individual interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Twenty individual interviews and three focus groups (N = 39) were led by a trained facilitator, audio recorded, and transcribed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#4
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#5
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#6
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645301/the-sternal-management-accelerated-recovery-trial-s-m-a-r-t-standard-restrictive-versus-an-intervention-of-modified-sternal-precautions-following-cardiac-surgery-via-median-sternotomy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Md Ali Katijjahbe, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger, Alistair Royse, Colin Royse, Rebecca Bates, Sarah Logie, Sandy Clarke, Doa El-Ansary
BACKGROUND: The routine implementation of sternal precautions to prevent sternal complications that restrict the use of the upper limbs is currently worldwide practice following a median sternotomy. However, evidence is limited and drawn primarily from cadaver studies and orthopaedic research. Sternal precautions may delay recovery, prolong hospital discharge and be overly restrictive. Recent research has shown that upper limb exercise reduces post-operative sternal pain and results in minimal micromotion between the sternal edges as measured by ultrasound...
June 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645136/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-the-association-with-marijuana-and-cocaine-use-in-adolescence-through-adulthood
#8
Joy D Scheidell, Kelly Quinn, Susan P McGorray, B Christopher Frueh, Nisha N Beharie, Linda B Cottler, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Examination of longitudinal relationships between childhood traumatic experiences and drug use across the life-course at the national level, with control of confounding by other forms of trauma, is needed. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of nine typologies of childhood traumas and the cumulative number experienced, correlation between traumas, and associations between individual and cumulative number of traumas with drug use during adolescence, emerging adulthood, and adulthood...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645050/land-use-affects-total-dissolved-nitrogen-and-nitrate-concentrations-in-tropical-montane-streams-in-kenya
#9
Suzanne R Jacobs, Lutz Breuer, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, David E Pelster, Mariana C Rufino
African tropical montane forests are facing fast and dynamic changes in land use. However, the impacts of these changes on stream water quality are understudied. This paper aims at assessing the effect of land use and physical catchment characteristics on stream water concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total dissolved nitrogen (TDN), nitrate (NO3-N) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in the Mau Forest, the largest tropical montane forest in Kenya. We conducted five synoptic stream water sampling campaigns at the outlets of 13-16 catchments dominated by either natural forest, smallholder agriculture or commercial tea and tree plantations...
June 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645028/lipid-homeostasis-and-regulated-cell-death
#10
REVIEW
Eran Agmon, Brent R Stockwell
Modern lipidomics analysis paints a dynamic picture of membrane organizations, as changing and adapting lipid assemblies that play an active role in cellular function. This article highlights how the lipid composition of membranes determines specific organelle functions, how homeostatic mechanisms maintain these functions by regulating physical properties of membranes, and how cells disrupt lipid homeostasis to bring about regulated cell death (RCD). These are broad phenomena, and representative examples are reviewed here...
June 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#11
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644883/effects-of-dietary-inclusion-of-high-concentrations-of-crude-glycerin-on-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-feedlot-fed-nellore-bulls
#12
Eric H C B van Cleef, André P D'Áurea, Vanessa R Fávaro, Flavia O S van Cleef, Robson S Barducci, Marco T C Almeida, Otávio R Machado Neto, Jane M B Ezequiel
Crude glycerin, the main by-product of biodiesel production, can replace dietary energy sources, such as corn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inclusion of up to 30% of crude glycerin in dry matter (DM) of the total diets, and its effects on meat quality parameters of feedlot Nellore bulls. Thirty animals (227.7 ± 23.8 kg body weight; 18 months old) were housed in individual pens and fed 5 experimental diets, containing 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 or 30% crude glycerin (DM basis). After 103 d (21 d adaptation) animals were slaughtered and the Longissimus muscle was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644481/redox-controlled-potassium-intercalation-into-two-polyaromatic-hydrocarbon-solids
#13
F Denis Romero, M J Pitcher, C I Hiley, G F S Whitehead, S Kar, A Y Ganin, D Antypov, C Collins, M S Dyer, G Klupp, R H Colman, K Prassides, M J Rosseinsky
Alkali metal intercalation into polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been studied intensely after reports of superconductivity in a number of potassium- and rubidium-intercalated materials. There are, however, no reported crystal structures to inform our understanding of the chemistry and physics because of the complex reactivity of PAHs with strong reducing agents at high temperature. Here we present the synthesis of crystalline K2Pentacene and K2Picene by a solid-solid insertion protocol that uses potassium hydride as a redox-controlled reducing agent to access the PAH dianions, and so enables the determination of their crystal structures...
July 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644402/choosing-surgery-for-neurogenic-tos-the-roles-of-physical-exam-physical-therapy-and-imaging
#14
REVIEW
David P Kuwayama, Jason R Lund, Charles O Brantigan, Natalia O Glebova
Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is characterized by arm and hand pain, paresthesias, and sometimes weakness resulting from compression of the brachial plexus within the thoracic outlet. While it is the most common subtype of TOS, nTOS can be difficult to diagnose. Furthermore, patient selection for surgical treatment can be challenging as symptoms may be vague and ambiguous, and diagnostic studies may be equivocal. Herein, we describe some approaches to aid in identifying patients who would be expected to benefit from surgical intervention for nTOS...
June 23, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644208/shake-it-off-a-randomized-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-pain-in-healing-burn-wounds
#15
Juliet J Ray, Angel D Alvarez, Sondra L Ulbrich, Sharon Lessner-Eisenberg, Shevonne S Satahoo, Jonathan P Meizoso, Charles A Karcutskie, Leela S Mundra, Nicholas Namias, Louis R Pizano, Carl I Schulman
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been shown to improve strength in extremities with healed burn wounds. We hypothesize that WBV reduces pain during rehabilitation compared to standard therapy alone. Patients with ≥1% TBSA burn to one or more extremities from October 2014 to December 2015 were randomized to vibration (VIBE) or control. Each burned extremity was tested separately within the assigned group. Patients underwent one to three therapy sessions (S1, S2, S3) consisting of five upper and/or lower extremity exercises with or without WBV...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644206/burn-patient-acuity-demographics-scar-contractures-and-rehabilitation-treatment-time-related-to-patient-outcomes-the-act-study
#16
Reg Richard, Alexis R Santos-Lozada
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense funded a rehabilitation study through the American Burn Association titled "Burn patient acuity demographics, scar contractures, and rehabilitation treatment time related to patient outcomes," commonly known at the ACT study. The ACT was a multi-institutional, prospective, observational, and quasirandomized investigation of the acute hospital course of 307 patients. The ACT specifically emphasized the capture of factors that may impact the physical outcome of patients with burn injury including burn severity, daily rehabilitation interventions such as mobility and splinting, and detailed skin grafting episodes...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643554/combined-effects-of-physical-inactivity-and-acute-hyperglycemia-on-arterial-distensibility
#17
David Montero, Sune Dandanell, Laura Oberholzer, Stefanie Keiser, Andreas Breenfeldt-Andersen, Thomas Haider, Mario Merlini, Anne-Kristine Meinild-Lundby, Carsten Lundby
Arterial distensibility, an independent predictor of cardiovascular events, is transiently increased with acute hyperglycemia (AHG) in healthy individuals. Whether this response interacts with physical inactivity remains unknown. We examined the effects of short-term bed rest (BR) on the response of carotid artery distensibility (CD) to AHG, and the influence of underlying changes in insulin resistance and blood volume. CD was assessed with ultrasonography before as well as 30 and 120 minutes following ingestion of 75 g of glucose prior to and after 3 days of BR in 15 healthy male volunteers...
June 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643066/solving-the-surgeon-ergonomic-crisis-with-surgical-exosuit
#18
Shanglei Liu, Daniel Hemming, Ran B Luo, Jessica Reynolds, Jonathan C Delong, Bryan J Sandler, Garth R Jacobsen, Santiago Horgan
INTRODUCTION: The widespread adoption of laparoscopic surgery has put new physical demands on the surgeon leading to increased musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. Shoulder, back, and neck pains are among the most common complaints experienced by laparoscopic surgeons. Here, we evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a non-intrusive progressive arm support exosuit worn by surgeons under the sterile gown to reduce pain and fatigue during surgery. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This is a prospective randomized crossover study approved by the Internal Review Board (IRB)...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642924/influence-of-niobium-pentoxide-addition-on-the-properties-of-glass-ionomer-cements
#19
Isadora Martini Garcia, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Gabriela De Souza Balbinot, Susana Maria Werner Samuel, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares
Objective: To determine the influence of niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) addition on the physical and chemical properties of glass ionomer cements (GICs). Materials and methods: Five, 10 or 20 wt.% of Nb2O5 were incorporated into commercial GICs (Maxxion R, Vitro Molar, Vitro Fil R) and one group of each GIC remained without Nb2O5 (control groups). The GICs were evaluated by Knoop hardness, compressive strength, acid erosion, particle size and radiopacity. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#20
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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