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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913712/money-now-money-later-linking-time-discounting-and-criminal-convictions-in-the-cambridge-study-in-delinquent-development
#1
Alex R Piquero, David P Farrington, Wesley G Jennings
Two prominent criminological theories offer time discounting, or the preference for an immediate reward over a later one, as a central part of understanding involvement in criminal activity. Yet, there exist only a few studies investigating this issue, and they are limited in a few respects. The current study extends prior work in this area by using multiple measures of time discounting collected at three different periods of the life course to examine the link to criminal offending into late middle adulthood in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878413/does-the-general-strain-theory-explain-gambling-and-substance-use
#2
Romy Greco, Antonietta Curci
General Strain Theory (GST: Agnew Criminology 30:47-87, 1992) posits that deviant behaviour results from adaptation to strain and the consequent negative emotions. Empirical research on GST has mainly focused on aggressive behaviours, while only few research studies have considered alternative manifestations of deviance, like substance use and gambling. The aim of the present study is to test the ability of GST to explain gambling behaviours and substance use. Also, the role of family in promoting the adoption of gambling and substance use as coping strategies was verified...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799417/predicting-re-incarceration-status-of-prisoners-in-contemporary-china-applying-western-criminological-theories
#3
Steven F Messner, Jianhong Liu, Yunhan Zhao
Studies have revealed that self-control theory, social learning theory, and strain theory are useful in explaining criminal activity in China. Previous research with Chinese data, however, has focused almost exclusively on samples of adolescents and the minor types of offending that are typically captured in such samples. The present study builds upon prior work by considering the extent to which these three major etiological theories of crime can help differentiate between profiles of Chinese prisoners categorized with respect to re-incarceration status...
October 30, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761017/violence-health-and-the-2030-agenda-merging-evidence-and-implementation
#4
Bandy X Lee, Peter D Donnelly, Larry Cohen, Shikha Garg
The Guest Editors introduce the Special Issue for the Journal of Public Health Policy on violence, health, and the 2030 Agenda. Emphasizing the importance of collaboration between scholars and practitioners, they outline the process of jointly imagining and designing the next generation of violence prevention strategies. They include representative works of members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA), including the World Bank, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Institute, the Danish Institute Against Torture, the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Gender Violence and Health Centre, and the Yale University Law and Psychiatry Division, among others...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663574/individual-in-context-the-role-of-impulse-control-on-the-association-between-the-home-school-and-neighborhood-developmental-contexts-and-adolescent-delinquency
#5
Adam Fine, Alissa Mahler, Laurence Steinberg, Paul J Frick, Elizabeth Cauffman
Social ecological theories and decades of supporting research suggest that contexts exert a powerful influence on adolescent delinquency. Individual traits, such as impulse control, also pose a developmental disadvantage to adolescents through increasing risk of delinquency. However, such individual differences may also predispose some youth to struggle more in adverse environments, but also to excel in enriched environments. Despite the prominence of impulse control in both developmental and criminological literatures, researchers are only beginning to consider impulse control as an individual characteristic that may affect developmental outcomes in response to environmental input...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658988/-homicide-suicide-clinical-review-and-psychological-assumptions
#6
J Vandevoorde, N Estano, G Painset
OBJECTIVES: Suicide-homicide could be defined as a "suicidal" behaviour, which also includes the death of at least one other individual and sometimes up to hundreds. This literature review intends to highlight some characteristic features that might be found amongst the various types of suicide-homicide. It is a complex phenomenon which can occur in different situations, from a familial and somehow intimate setting (filicide, uxoricide, marital homicide…) to a public one (workplace shooting, school shooting), including a wide range of victims, from a single victim in marital cases of suicide-homicide to hundreds of victims in certain types, such as suicide by aircraft or warrior-like multi-homicids in terrorist acts...
September 19, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645261/an-exploration-of-mate-similarity-for-criminal-offending-behaviors-results-from-a-multi-generation-sample-of-dutch-spouses
#7
Steve G A van de Weijer, Kevin M Beaver
There has been a growing body of research examining mate and spousal similarity on antisocial behaviors. The results of these studies have shown varying degrees of similarity between mates and spouses, but the precise mechanisms accounting for such similarity have remained somewhat elusive. The current study builds off this line of research and examines spousal similarity on criminal offending behaviors. Moreover, we also examine the potential factors that might account for spousal similarity. This study analyzed data drawn from two generations of Dutch spouses...
September 19, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638239/violence-health-and-the-2030-agenda-merging-evidence-and-implementation
#8
EDITORIAL
Bandy X Lee, Peter D Donnelly, Larry Cohen, Shikha Garg
The Guest Editors introduce the Special Issue for the Journal of Public Health Policy on violence, health, and the 2030 Agenda. Emphasizing the importance of collaboration between scholars and practitioners, they outline the process of jointly imagining and designing the next generation of violence prevention strategies. They include representative works of members of the World Health Organization (WHO) Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA), including the World Bank, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention Institute, the Danish Institute Against Torture, the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Gender Violence and Health Centre, and the Yale University Law and Psychiatry Division, among others...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634817/desistance-from-crime-without-reintegration-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-social-context-and-life-course-path-to-desistance-in-a-sample-of-adults-convicted-of-a-sex-crime
#9
Patrick Lussier, Evan McCuish
Criminological theories suggest that desistance from crime cannot be considered outside its social context. Few studies, however, have examined the social context and its importance for individuals convicted of a sex offense. Their unique experience during community reentry warrants specific attention to this group. Using prospective longitudinal data, the current study examined desistance from general offending in a sample of 500 adult males convicted of at least one sex offense. Cox proportional hazards models showed that, although desistance is associated with the presence of prosocial social influences, these differences disappeared after controlling for prior involvement in crime and delinquency...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634815/revisiting-parole-decision-making-testing-for-the-punitive-hypothesis-in-a-large-u-s-jurisdiction
#10
E Rely Vîlcică
The decision to grant conditional release from prison (aka the parole decision) has been largely neglected in the contemporary criminological literature, despite its critical implications. The current study, conducted in Pennsylvania, United States, tests for punitive themes in parole decision making by examining the impact of several measures reflective of punishment satisfaction on the decision to grant release to eligible parole candidates. The results indicate that the amount of time served in relation to the original punishment does not predict parole decisions but the nature of the original offense does...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621271/a-descriptive-model-of-desistance-from-sexual-offending-examining-the-narratives-of-men-released-from-custody
#11
Danielle Arlanda Harris
Despite an increasing interest in desistance from sexual offending, a comprehensive theoretical account of the process has yet to be provided. This study examines the narratives of 60 men interviewed in the community, who were incarcerated for sexual offenses and released. Recent findings from this research conclude that men desist from sexual offending, but they seldom follow the processes described by traditional criminology. In many cases, in fact, they desist in spite of their inability to pursue Sampson and Laub's "informal social controls" or Giordano et al...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619756/crime-victimization-and-the-implications-for-individual-health-and-wellbeing-a-sheffield-case-study
#12
Su-Yin Tan, Robert Haining
Public health and criminology have developed largely independently of one another at the research and policy levels so that the links between crime victimization and health status are not well understood. Although it is not difficult to support the idea of crime as a threat to the health of individuals and the wider community, the difficulty lies in quantifying the impact of crime on public health, while controlling other variables, including gender and ethnicity. We report the results of a study, the goals of which were to: develop an understanding conceptually of the relationships between different types of crime (violent and non-violent) and health; explore the impact of victimization on quality of life and physical and psychological wellbeing; investigate the role of social and demographic factors in shaping any relationships...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616815/toward-a-criminology-of-inmate-networks
#13
Derek A Kreager, David R Schaefer, Martin Bouchard, Dana L Haynie, Sara Wakefield, Jacob Young, Gary Zajac
The mid-twentieth century witnessed a surge of American prison ethnographies focused on inmate society and the social structures that guide inmate life. Ironically, this literature virtually froze in the 1980s just as the country entered a period of unprecedented prison expansion, and has only recently begun to thaw. In this manuscript, we develop a rationale for returning inmate society to the forefront of criminological inquiry, and suggest that network science provides an ideal framework for achieving this end...
2016: Justice Quarterly: JQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525219/unpacking-the-complexity-of-life-events-and-desistance-an-application-of-conjunctive-analysis-of-case-configurations-to-developmental-and-life-course-criminology
#14
Elaine Eggleston Doherty, Jaclyn M Cwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524829/social-disadvantage-and-crime-a-criminological-puzzle
#15
Per-Olof H Wikström, Kyle Treiber
In this article, we analyze the relationship between social disadvantage and crime, starting from the paradox that most persistent offenders come from disadvantaged backgrounds, but most people from disadvantaged backgrounds do not become persistent offenders. We argue that despite the fact that social disadvantage has been a key criminological topic for some time, the mechanisms which link it to offending remain poorly specified. Drawing on situational action theory, we suggest social disadvantage is linked to crime because more people from disadvantaged versus affluent backgrounds develop a high crime propensity and are exposed to criminogenic contexts, and the reason for this is that processes of social and self-selection place the former more frequently in (developmental and action) contexts conducive to the development and expression of high crime propensities...
September 2016: American Behavioral Scientist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436859/the-cycle-of-abuse-when-victims-become-offenders
#16
Malory Plummer, Annie Cossins
Various psychological theories exist in the literature to explain the behavior of men who commit child sex offences, including the belief that child sexual abuse (CSA) is a predisposing factor for the transition from victim to offender. These theories are, however, unable to explain the fact that while most victims of CSA are female, most perpetrators of CSA are male. The sex specificity of CSA in terms of victims and offenders suggests that the experience of CSA and its psychosocial effects may be different for boys, compared to girls...
July 19, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418713/social-class-family-formation-and-delinquency-in-early-adulthood
#17
Danielle C Kuhl, Jorge M Chavez, Raymond R Swisher, Andrew Wilczak
Recent research suggests increasing heterogeneity in the transition from adolescence to early adulthood. This study considers how this heterogeneity may influence delinquency between these two developmental periods. We focus on the role of family transitions, educational attainment, and employment in predicting risk of nonviolent delinquency and substance use, as well as disparities in transitions across socioeconomic status subgroups. Data are from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)...
June 2016: Sociological Perspectives: SP: Official Publication of the Pacific Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296053/victim-characteristics-situational-factors-and-the-lethality-of-urban-gun-violence
#18
Irshad Altheimer, Lonnie M Schaible, John Klofas, Michelle Comeau
The objective of this study is to hone in on the contextual, social, and individual characteristics that influence lethal outcomes across shootings. Although most criminological research focuses on differential outcomes for gun violence relative to nongun violence, we argue that great insight can be drawn through examining shootings in isolation. We focus on five ways that shooting outcomes vary: the number of shots fired, the number of times the victim was hit, where the victim was hit, the number of victims that were hit, and whether the shooting resulted in a fatality...
June 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277753/examination-of-the-importance-of-age-of-onset-callous-unemotional-traits-and-anger-dysregulation-in-youths-with-antisocial-behaviors
#19
Sébastien Urben, Philippe Stéphan, Stéphanie Habersaat, Eric Francescotti, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck, Christian Perler, Jacques Gasser, Marc Schmid
Age of onset, callous-unemotional (CU) traits and anger dysregulation have separately been proposed as relevant factors in explaining the heterogeneity of antisocial behaviour (ASB). Taking a dimensional perspective, this study examined the specific contributions and the mutual influences (i.e., interactions) of these three characteristics on specific dimensions of ASB (i.e., criminal behaviours and externalizing symptoms). Assessments were conducted on 536 youths from institutions with the youth psychopathic traits inventory (CU traits), the Massachusetts youth screening instrument-second version (anger dysregulation), the criminology questionnaire (criminal behaviours) and the child behavior checklist (externalizing symptoms), rated by both the youths and their carers...
June 8, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216591/-restorative-justice-neither-care-nor-repression-the-case-study-of-louis-a-multi-recidivist-neither-dangerous-nor-sick
#20
E Dieu, J Vandevoorde, A Hirschelmann
OBJECTIVES: The proposed criminological hypothesis is that the restorative justice approach would allow offenders to recognize the victims with more empathic feelings, assuming a decreasing effect on the needs and risks of recidivism (Griffiths and Murdoch, 2007). Authors of aggravated robbery raise several psychological issues (i.e. incomprehension of the causes of their act, euphemistic labelling and moral disengagement, lack of empathy) that the restorative program proposes to work through scriptwriting of personal histories, better comprehension of the conflict in the past and exchanges focused on the personal and social consequences of the acts (emotional chain)...
May 20, 2016: L'Encéphale
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