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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130384/characterising-the-growth-in-palliative-care-prescribing-2011-2015-analysis-of-national-medical-and-non-medical-activity
#1
Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett, Matt Mulvey, Tim Hamilton, Alison Blenkinsopp
BACKGROUND: The role of non-medical prescribers working in palliative care has been expanding in recent years and prescribers report improvements in patient care, patient safety, better use of health professionals' skills and more flexible team working. Despite this, there is a lack of empirical evidence to demonstrate its clinical and economic impact, limiting our understanding of the future role of non-medical prescribers within a healthcare system serving an increasing number of people with palliative care needs...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121284/neuropathic-pain-in-cancer-systematic-review-performance-of-screening-tools-and-analysis-of-symptom-profiles
#2
M R Mulvey, E G Boland, D Bouhassira, R Freynhagen, J Hardy, M J Hjermstad, S Mercadante, C Pérez, M I Bennett
Background: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the methodological quality of rigorous neuropathic pain assessment tools in applicable clinical studies, and determine the performance of screening tools for identifying neuropathic pain in patients with cancer. Methods: Systematic literature search identified studies reporting use of Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS), Douleur Neuropathique en 4 (DN4) or painDETECT (PDQ) in cancer patients with a clinical diagnosis of neuropathic or not neuropathic pain...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107648/corrigendum-to-european-contribution-to-the-study-of-ros-a-summary-of-the-findings-and-prospects-for-the-future-from-the-cost-action-bm1203-eu-ros-redox-biol-13-2017-94-162
#3
J Egea, I Fabregat, Y M Frapart, P Ghezzi, A Görlach, T Kietzmann, K Kubaichuk, U G Knaus, M G Lopez, G Olaso-Gonzalez, A Petry, R Schulz, J Vina, P Winyard, K Abbas, O S Ademowo, C B Afonso, I Andreadou, H Antelmann, F Antunes, M Aslan, M M Bachschmid, R M Barbosa, V Belousov, C Berndt, D Bernlohr, E Bertrán, A Bindoli, S P Bottari, P M Brito, G Carrara, A I Casas, A Chatzi, N Chondrogianni, M Conrad, M S Cooke, J G Costa, A Cuadrado, P My-Chan Dang, B De Smet, B Debelec-Butuner, I H K Dias, J D Dunn, A J Edson, M El Assar, J El-Benna, P Ferdinandy, A S Fernandes, K E Fladmark, U Förstermann, R Giniatullin, Z Giricz, A Görbe, H Griffiths, V Hampl, A Hanf, J Herget, P Hernansanz-Agustín, M Hillion, J Huang, S Ilikay, P Jansen-Dürr, V Jaquet, J A Joles, B Kalyanaraman, D Kaminskyy, M Karbaschi, M Kleanthous, L O Klotz, B Korac, K S Korkmaz, R Koziel, D Kračun, K H Krause, V Křen, T Krieg, J Laranjinha, A Lazou, H Li, A Martínez-Ruiz, R Matsui, G J McBean, S P Meredith, J Messens, V Miguel, Y Mikhed, I Milisav, L Milković, A Miranda-Vizuete, M Mojović, M Monsalve, P A Mouthuy, J Mulvey, T Münzel, V Muzykantov, I T N Nguyen, M Oelze, N G Oliveira, C M Palmeira, N Papaevgeniou, A Pavićević, B Pedre, F Peyrot, M Phylactides, G G Pircalabioru, A R Pitt, H E Poulsen, I Prieto, M P Rigobello, N Robledinos-Antón, L Rodríguez-Mañas, A P Rolo, F Rousset, T Ruskovska, N Saraiva, S Sasson, K Schröder, K Semen, T Seredenina, A Shakirzyanova, G L Smith, T Soldati, B C Sousa, C M Spickett, A Stancic, M J Stasia, H Steinbrenner, V Stepanić, S Steven, K Tokatlidis, E Tuncay, B Turan, F Ursini, J Vacek, O Vajnerova, K Valentová, F Van Breusegem, L Varisli, E A Veal, A S Yalçın, O Yelisyeyeva, N Žarković, M Zatloukalová, J Zielonka, R M Touyz, A Papapetropoulos, T Grune, S Lamas, H H H W Schmidt, F Di Lisa, A Daiber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094954/procedural-justice-legitimacy-beliefs-and-moral-disengagement-in-emerging-adulthood-explaining-continuity-and-desistance-in-the-moral-model-of-criminal-lifestyle-development
#4
Glenn D Walters
Research has shown that procedural justice reliably predicts future offending behavior, although there is some indication that this may be more a function of legitimacy beliefs than of procedural justice per se. The current study sought to explain continuity and desistance in the moral model of criminal lifestyle development by comparing legitimacy beliefs, procedural justice, and moral disengagement as initiators and mediators of pathways leading to early adult offending. It was hypothesized that low legitimacy beliefs but not perceived procedural (in)justice or moral disengagement would initiate, and that moral disengagement but not low legitimacy beliefs or procedural injustice would mediate, the effect of low legitimacy beliefs on subsequent offending behavior...
November 2, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070655/evaluation-of-modified-carbapenem-inactivation-method-for-detection-of-carbapenemases-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#5
Luiz F Lisboa, LeeAnn Turnbull, David A Boyd, Michael R Mulvey, Tanis C Dingle
Detection of carbapenemases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates is of utmost importance for preventing nosocomial transmission and detecting outbreaks.….
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051323/epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-antagonizes-response-to-targeted-therapies-in-lung-cancer-by-suppressing-bim
#6
Kyung-A Song, Matthew J Niederst, Timothy L Lochmann, Aaron N Hata, Hidenori Kitai, Jungoh Ham, Konstantinos V Floros, Mark A Hicks, Haichuan Hu, Hillary E Mulvey, Yotam Drier, Daniel A R Heisey, Mark T Hughes, Neha U Patel, Elizabeth Lockerman, Angel R Garcia, Shawn Gillepsie, Hannah L Archibald, Maria Gomez-Caraballo, Tara J Nulton, Brad Windle, Zofia Piotrowska, Sinem E Sahingur, Shirley M Taylor, Mikhail G Dozmorov, Lecia V Sequist, Bradley E Bernstein, Hiromichi Ebi, Jeffrey A Engelman, Anthony C Faber
PURPOSE: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) confers resistance to a number of targeted therapies and chemotherapies. However, it has been unclear why EMT promotes resistance, thereby impairing progress to overcome it. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We have developed several models of EMT-mediated resistance to EGFR inhibitors (EGFRi) in EGFR mutant lung cancers to evaluate a novel mechanism of EMT-mediated resistance. Results: We observed that mesenchymal EGFR mutant lung cancers are resistant to EGFRi-induced apoptosis via insufficient expression of BIM, preventing cell death despite potent suppression of oncogenic signaling following EGFRi treatment...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976457/revisiting-the-appendiceal-diameter-via-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis
#7
Henry P Chicaiza, Laurie Malia, Christine H Mulvey, Sharon R Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the optimal outer appendiceal diameter via ultrasound for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients (ages, 2-18 years) presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2010 with suspected acute appendicitis. Children were considered as having "suspected acute appendicitis" if they (1) presented with acute abdominal pain and had either a surgical consult or an abdominal ultrasound, or (2) presented or transferred with the stated suspicion of acute appendicitis...
October 2, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957690/shared-ancestry-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1-strain-patton-with-recent-clinical-isolates-from-asia-and-with-strain-kos63
#8
Aldo Pourchet, Richard Copin, Matthew C Mulvey, Bo Shopsin, Ian Mohr, Angus C Wilson
Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is a widespread pathogen that persists for life, replicating in surface tissues and establishing latency in peripheral ganglia. Increasingly, molecular studies of latency use cultured neuron models developed using recombinant viruses such as HSV-1 GFP-US11, a derivative of strain Patton expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to the viral US11 protein. Visible fluorescence follows viral DNA replication, providing a real time indicator of productive infection and reactivation...
December 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940713/1-alkali-metal-2-alkyl-1-2-dihydropyridines-soluble-hydride-surrogates-for-catalytic-dehydrogenative-coupling-and-hydroboration-applications
#9
Ross McLellan, Alan R Kennedy, Robert E Mulvey, Samantha A Orr, Stuart D Robertson
Equipped with excellent hydrocarbon solubility, the lithium hydride surrogate 1-lithium-2-t-butyl-1,2-dihydropyridine (1tLi) functions as a precatalyst to convert Me₂NH·BH₃ to [NMe₂BH₂]₂ (89% conversion) under competitive conditions (2.5 mol%, 60h, 80°C, toluene solvent) to that of previously reported LiN(SiMe₃)₂. Sodium and potassium dihydropyridine congeners produce similar high yields of [NMe₂BH₂]₂ but require longer times. Switching the solvent to pyridine induces a remarkable change in the dehydrocoupling product ratio, with (NMe₂)₂BH favoured over [NMe₂BH₂]₂ (e...
September 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938102/self-management-support-at-the-end-of-life-patients-carers-and-professionals-perspectives-on-managing-medicines
#10
N Campling, A Richardson, M Mulvey, M Bennett, B Johnston, S Latter
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequently reported symptom by patients approaching the end of life and well-established that patients and carers hold fears relating to opioids, and experience side effects related to their use. The management of medicines is intrinsic to achieving effective pain relief. The concept of self-management support whilst well characterised in the context of chronic illness has not been elaborated with respect to end of life care. AIM: To identify patient, carer and professional views on the concept of self-management support at end of life, specifically in relation to analgesia and related medicines (for side-effect management) in order to describe, characterise and explain self-management support in this context...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890317/mitoneod-a-mitochondria-targeted-superoxide-probe
#11
Maria M Shchepinova, Andrew G Cairns, Tracy A Prime, Angela Logan, Andrew M James, Andrew R Hall, Sara Vidoni, Sabine Arndt, Stuart T Caldwell, Hiran A Prag, Victoria R Pell, Thomas Krieg, John F Mulvey, Pooja Yadav, James N Cobley, Thomas P Bright, Hans M Senn, Robert F Anderson, Michael P Murphy, Richard C Hartley
Mitochondrial superoxide (O2(⋅-)) underlies much oxidative damage and redox signaling. Fluorescent probes can detect O2(⋅-), but are of limited applicability in vivo, while in cells their usefulness is constrained by side reactions and DNA intercalation. To overcome these limitations, we developed a dual-purpose mitochondrial O2(⋅-) probe, MitoNeoD, which can assess O2(⋅-) changes in vivo by mass spectrometry and in vitro by fluorescence. MitoNeoD comprises a O2(⋅-)-sensitive reduced phenanthridinium moiety modified to prevent DNA intercalation, as well as a carbon-deuterium bond to enhance its selectivity for O2(⋅-) over non-specific oxidation, and a triphenylphosphonium lipophilic cation moiety leading to the rapid accumulation within mitochondria...
October 19, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777774/symptom-guided-emergency-department-discharge-instructions-for-children-with-concussion
#12
Talia M Brooks, Marissa M Smith, Renee M Silvis, Trudy Lerer, Christine Henry Mulvey, Ralynne Maitland, Amy L Dunn, Kelsey Logan, Sharon R Smith
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the use and utility of a novel set of emergency department discharge instructions (DIs) for concussion based on a child's ongoing symptoms: symptom-guided DIs (symptom DIs). Differences in clinical outcomes were also assessed. METHODS: A convenience sample of 114 children aged 7 to 17 years presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department with a complaint of concussion was assembled. Children were randomized to standard DIs or symptom DIs...
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662314/litmp-trans-metal-trapping-of-fluorinated-aromatic-molecules-a-comparative-study-of-aluminum-and-gallium-carbanion-traps
#13
Ross McLellan, Marina Uzelac, Alan R Kennedy, Eva Hevia, Robert E Mulvey
Fluoroaromatic scaffolds pose a challenge to lithiation due to low stability of lithiated intermediates. Here we apply trans-metal-trapping (TMT) to a series of key fluorinated aromatics. In TMT, LiTMP performs the metalation, while an organometallic trap intercepts the emergent carbanion. This study contrasts the trapping abilities of iBu2 AlTMP and Ga(CH2 SiMe3 )3 , structurally mapping their TMT reactions and probing relative stabilities of metalated fluoroaromatic intermediates by NMR studies. Results show the installed Al-C(aryl) bonds are more prone to decomposition by benzyne formation and Li-F liberation, than the Ga-C(aryl) species...
August 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648630/resolution-of-a-steroid-resistant-hypereosinophilic-immune-diathesis-with-mepolizumab-and-concomitant-amelioration-of-a-mixed-thrombotic-microangiopathy
#14
J Justin Mulvey, Cynthia Magro, Amy Chadburn
The anaphylatoxins produced by an unbridled complement cascade in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) can alter the leukocyte environment in tissues and peripheral blood, causing clinically significant eosinophilia. While the membrane attack complex and C5a anaphlatoxin can be suppressed with anti-C5 biologics, the production of C3a is still capable of driving a destructive hypereosinophilic syndrome in spite of anticomplement therapy. The side-effects of glucocorticoids in treating hypereosinophilic syndrome limit their therapeutic index in long-term treatment and this behooves the use of alternative strategies...
May 2, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632788/high-throughput-identification-and-rational-design-of-synergistic-small-molecule-pairs-for-combating-and-bypassing-antibiotic-resistance
#15
Morgan A Wambaugh, Viplendra P S Shakya, Adam J Lewis, Matthew A Mulvey, Jessica C S Brown
Antibiotic-resistant infections kill approximately 23,000 people and cost $20,000,000,000 each year in the United States alone despite the widespread use of small-molecule antimicrobial combination therapy. Antibiotic combinations typically have an additive effect: the efficacy of the combination matches the sum of the efficacies of each antibiotic when used alone. Small molecules can also act synergistically when the efficacy of the combination is greater than the additive efficacy. However, synergistic combinations are rare and have been historically difficult to identify...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628457/clonal-clusters-and-virulence-factors-of-group-c-and-g-streptococcus-causing-severe-infections-manitoba-canada-2012-2014
#16
Sylvain A Lother, Walter Demczuk, Irene Martin, Michael Mulvey, Brenden Dufault, Philippe Lagacé-Wiens, Yoav Keynan
The incidence of group C and G Streptococcus (GCGS) bacteremia, which is associated with severe disease and death, is increasing. We characterized clinical features, outcomes, and genetic determinants of GCGS bacteremia for 89 patients in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who had GCGS bacteremia during 2012-2014. Of the 89 patients, 51% had bacteremia from skin and soft tissue, 70% had severe disease features, and 20% died. Whole-genome sequencing analysis was performed on isolates derived from 89 blood samples and 33 respiratory sample controls: 5 closely related genetic lineages were identified as being more likely to cause invasive disease than non-clade isolates (83% vs...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606370/factors-influencing-pediatrician-retirement-a-survey-of-american-academy-of-pediatrics-chapter-members
#17
Mary E Rimsza, Holly Ruch-Ross, Harold K Simon, Thomas W Pendergass, Holly J Mulvey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors that may influence physicians' desire to retire through an analysis of data collected through the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) State Pediatrician Workforce Survey. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic survey was sent to retired and nonretired US pediatricians who held AAP membership. The respondents were asked about the importance of 12 factors that would influence or had influenced their decision to retire. The physicians who were not yet retired also were asked: "If you could afford to today, would you retire from medicine?" RESULTS: The survey was completed by 8867 pediatricians...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604172/opioids-combined-with-antidepressants-or-antiepileptic-drugs-for-cancer-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Chris M Kane, Matthew R Mulvey, Sophie Wright, Cheryl Craigs, Judy M Wright, Michael I Bennett
BACKGROUND: Combining antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs with opioids has resulted in increased pain relief when used for neuropathic pain in non-cancer conditions. However, evidence to support their effectiveness in cancer pain is lacking. AIM: To determine if there is additional benefit when opioids are combined with antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs for cancer pain. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Randomised control trials comparing opioid analgesia in combination with antidepressant or antiepileptic drugs versus opioid monotherapy were sought...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577489/european-contribution-to-the-study-of-ros-a-summary-of-the-findings-and-prospects-for-the-future-from-the-cost-action-bm1203-eu-ros
#19
REVIEW
Javier Egea, Isabel Fabregat, Yves M Frapart, Pietro Ghezzi, Agnes Görlach, Thomas Kietzmann, Kateryna Kubaichuk, Ulla G Knaus, Manuela G Lopez, Gloria Olaso-Gonzalez, Andreas Petry, Rainer Schulz, Jose Vina, Paul Winyard, Kahina Abbas, Opeyemi S Ademowo, Catarina B Afonso, Ioanna Andreadou, Haike Antelmann, Fernando Antunes, Mutay Aslan, Markus M Bachschmid, Rui M Barbosa, Vsevolod Belousov, Carsten Berndt, David Bernlohr, Esther Bertrán, Alberto Bindoli, Serge P Bottari, Paula M Brito, Guia Carrara, Ana I Casas, Afroditi Chatzi, Niki Chondrogianni, Marcus Conrad, Marcus S Cooke, João G Costa, Antonio Cuadrado, Pham My-Chan Dang, Barbara De Smet, Bilge Debelec-Butuner, Irundika H K Dias, Joe Dan Dunn, Amanda J Edson, Mariam El Assar, Jamel El-Benna, Péter Ferdinandy, Ana S Fernandes, Kari E Fladmark, Ulrich Förstermann, Rashid Giniatullin, Zoltán Giricz, Anikó Görbe, Helen Griffiths, Vaclav Hampl, Alina Hanf, Jan Herget, Pablo Hernansanz-Agustín, Melanie Hillion, Jingjing Huang, Serap Ilikay, Pidder Jansen-Dürr, Vincent Jaquet, Jaap A Joles, Balaraman Kalyanaraman, Danylo Kaminskyy, Mahsa Karbaschi, Marina Kleanthous, Lars-Oliver Klotz, Bato Korac, Kemal Sami Korkmaz, Rafal Koziel, Damir Kračun, Karl-Heinz Krause, Vladimír Křen, Thomas Krieg, João Laranjinha, Antigone Lazou, Huige Li, Antonio Martínez-Ruiz, Reiko Matsui, Gethin J McBean, Stuart P Meredith, Joris Messens, Verónica Miguel, Yuliya Mikhed, Irina Milisav, Lidija Milković, Antonio Miranda-Vizuete, Miloš Mojović, María Monsalve, Pierre-Alexis Mouthuy, John Mulvey, Thomas Münzel, Vladimir Muzykantov, Isabel T N Nguyen, Matthias Oelze, Nuno G Oliveira, Carlos M Palmeira, Nikoletta Papaevgeniou, Aleksandra Pavićević, Brandán Pedre, Fabienne Peyrot, Marios Phylactides, Gratiela G Pircalabioru, Andrew R Pitt, Henrik E Poulsen, Ignacio Prieto, Maria Pia Rigobello, Natalia Robledinos-Antón, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Anabela P Rolo, Francis Rousset, Tatjana Ruskovska, Nuno Saraiva, Shlomo Sasson, Katrin Schröder, Khrystyna Semen, Tamara Seredenina, Anastasia Shakirzyanova, Geoffrey L Smith, Thierry Soldati, Bebiana C Sousa, Corinne M Spickett, Ana Stancic, Marie José Stasia, Holger Steinbrenner, Višnja Stepanić, Sebastian Steven, Kostas Tokatlidis, Erkan Tuncay, Belma Turan, Fulvio Ursini, Jan Vacek, Olga Vajnerova, Kateřina Valentová, Frank Van Breusegem, Lokman Varisli, Elizabeth A Veal, A Suha Yalçın, Olha Yelisyeyeva, Neven Žarković, Martina Zatloukalová, Jacek Zielonka, Rhian M Touyz, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Tilman Grune, Santiago Lamas, Harald H H W Schmidt, Fabio Di Lisa, Andreas Daiber
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides an ideal framework to establish multi-disciplinary research networks. COST Action BM1203 (EU-ROS) represents a consortium of researchers from different disciplines who are dedicated to providing new insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the long run, to finding new therapeutic strategies to target dysregulated redox processes in various diseases. This report highlights the major achievements of EU-ROS as well as research updates and new perspectives arising from its members...
May 18, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531208/phylogenetic-analysis-of-emergent-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-22f-causing-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-using-whole-genome-sequencing
#20
Walter H B Demczuk, Irene Martin, Linda Hoang, Paul Van Caeseele, Brigitte Lefebvre, Greg Horsman, David Haldane, Jonathan Gubbay, Sam Ratnam, Gregory German, Jennifer Daley Bernier, Lori Strudwick, Allison McGeer, George G Zhanel, Gary Van Domselaar, Morag Graham, Michael R Mulvey
Since implementation of the 13-valent polyvalent conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in Canada during 2010, the proportion of PCV13 serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has declined from 55% (n = 1492) in 2010 to 31% (n = 764) in 2014. A concurrent increase of non-PCV13 serotypes has occurred and 22F has become the most prevalent serotype in Canada increasing from 7% (n = 183) to 11% (n = 283). Core single nucleotide variant phylogenetic analysis was performed on 137 Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 22F isolates collected across Canada from 2005-2015...
2017: PloS One
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