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Elaine Hernandez Hunter
This research brief explores the relationship between introversion and extroversion communication styles and gender in nursing students. Although communication is integral for delivering safe patient care, teaching about individual communication styles is rare in nursing curricula. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was administered to 47 nursing students. Chi-square was used to analyze relationships between introversion/extroversion and gender. The data reported no significance relationships between introverts and extroverts and gender...
January 24, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Yousef H Al-Dlaigan, Albatool S Alahmari, Sara H Almubarak, Sahar A Alateeq, Sukumaran Anil
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common personality type among dentists in seven selected clinical dentistry specialties using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and to compare between these different types of personalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey containing the MBTI and demographic and practice questions was used to assess the personality styles of 243 dental specialists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The survey results were analyzed using descriptive statistics...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Stephanie A Bughi, Desiree A Lie, Stephanie K Zia, Jane Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Distress and burnout are common among medical students and negatively impact students' physical, mental, and emotional health. Personality inventories such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), used in medical education, may have a role in identifying burnout risk early. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study among 185 1st year medical students with the MBTI, the general well-being schedule (GWB), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Jung-Joon Ihm, So-Youn An, Deog-Gyu Seo
The aim of this study was to determine whether the personality types of dental students and their group dynamics were linked to their problem-based learning (PBL) performance. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) instrument was used with 263 dental students enrolled in Seoul National University School of Dentistry from 2011 to 2013; the students had participated in PBL in their first year. A four-session PBL setting was designed to analyze how individual personality types and the diversity of their small groups were associated with PBL performance...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Sana Jafrani, Nosheen Zehra, Muneeza Zehra, Syed Muhmmad Abuzar Ali, Saiyed Abdullah Abubakar Mohsin, Rasheed Azhar
OBJECTIVE: To assess personality type of medical students and associate it with their choice of medical specialty. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2014 at one public and one private medical university of Karachi, and comprised medical students. A self- administered questionnaire based on Myers-Briggs type indicator was used to collect data which was analysed using SPSS 20. RESULTS: Of the 400 participants, there were 200(50%) each from public and private universities...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
G Dungey, J Yielder
This study investigated the learning styles and personality type of undergraduate radiation therapy students at the University of Otago, Wellington (UOW) in New Zealand (NZ) to ascertain whether there is a pattern evidenced for this group and how that might compare with NZ medical imaging students. All students enrolled in the first year of the Bachelor of Radiation Therapy degree from 2014 to 2016 at the UOW were invited to participate in this research. The test tool was the Paragon Learning Style Inventory (PLSI), which is a standardised questionnaire adapted from the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)...
May 2017: Radiography
Esam Omar
PURPOSE: Dental extraction is a routine part of clinical dental practice. For this reason, understanding the way how students' extraction knowledge and skills development are important. PROBLEM STATEMENT AND OBJECTIVES: To date, there is no accredited statement about the most effective method for the teaching of exodontia to dental students. Students have different abilities and preferences regarding how they learn and process information. This is defined as learning style...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Xiao-Kang Zhang, Feng Liu, William D Fiers, Wen-Mei Sun, Jun Guo, Zheng Liu, Courtney C Aldrich
In order to survive in a mammalian host, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) produces aryl-capped siderophores known as the mycobactins for iron acquisition. Salicylic acid is a key building block of the mycobactin core and is synthesized by the bifunctional enzyme MbtI, which converts chorismate into isochorismate via a SN2″ reaction followed by further transformation into salicylate through a [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement. MbtI belongs to a family of chorismate-utilizing enzymes (CUEs) that have conserved topology and active site residues...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Lakshmi Maganti, Pradeep Grandhi, Nanda Ghoshal
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an obligate pathogen of mammals and is responsible for more than two million deaths annually. The ability to acquire iron from the extracellular environment is a key determinant of pathogenicity in mycobacteria. M. tuberculosis acquires iron exclusively through the siderophores. Several lines of evidence suggest that siderophores have a critical role in bacterial growth and virulence. Hence, in the present study, we have used a combined ligand and structure-based drug design approach for identification of novel inhibitors against salicylate synthase MbtI, a unique and essential enzyme for the biosynthesis of siderophores in M...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Galin Shirzad
The present descriptive correlational study was conducted to predict the role of emotional intelligence and the Myers-Briggs personality type in marital satisfaction in married female students Tehran University in 2015. The study population consisted of all the married female students at Tehran University who visited Iran MBTI center between 22.04.2015 and 21.06.2015. A total of 140 students were selected as the study samples. Data were collected using the Myer-Briggs Type Indicator, the Bar-On Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and the Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale and were then analyzed in SPSS-20 using the multivariate regression analysis...
October 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Fiorella Meneghetti, Stefania Villa, Arianna Gelain, Daniela Barlocco, Laurent Roberto Chiarelli, Maria Rosalia Pasca, Luca Costantino
Tuberculosis nowadays ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. In the last twenty years, this disease has again started to spread mainly for the appearance of multi-drug resistant forms. Therefore, new targets are needed to address the growing emergence of bacterial resistance and for antitubercular drug development. Efficient iron acquisition is crucial for the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, because it serves as cofactor in many essential biological processes, including DNA biosynthesis and cellular respiration...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Steve Myers
Myers-Briggs typology is widely seen as equivalent to and representative of Jungian theory by the users of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and similar questionnaires. However, the omission of the transcendent function from the theory, and the use of typological functions as its foundation, has resulted in an inadvertent reframing of the process of individuation. This is despite some attempts to integrate individuation and typology, and reintroduce the transcendent function into Myers-Briggs theory. This paper examines the differing views of individuation in Myers-Briggs and Jungian theory, and some of the challenges of reconciling those differences, particularly in the context of normality...
June 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Jason C Ong, Donald Hedeker, James K Wyatt, Rachel Manber
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel statistical technique called the location-scale mixed model that can be used to analyze the mean level and intra-individual variability (IIV) using longitudinal sleep data. METHODS: We applied the location-scale mixed model to examine changes from baseline in sleep efficiency on data collected from 54 participants with chronic insomnia who were randomized to an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; n = 19), an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Therapy for Insomnia (MBTI; n = 19), or an 8-week self-monitoring control (SM; n = 16)...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Chong Yang, George Richard, Martin Durkin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study is to examine the association between Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and prospective psychiatry residents. METHODS: Forty-six American medical schools were contacted and asked to participate in this study. Data were collected and an aggregated list was compiled that included the following information: date of MBTI administration, academic year, MBTI form/version, residency match information and student demographic information...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Satheesh B Haralur, Khalid Saleh Al-Shehri, Hassan Mohammed Assiri, Mushabab AbdulRahman Al-Qahtani
PURPOSE: The harmonious shade matching of restorations with adjacent natural teeth is a prerequisite for a successful esthetic restoration. Color is a combined effect of the physical properties of an object, the light source, and the perception of the observer. The interpretation of color is influenced by both the physiological and psychological health of an individual. It is critical to understand the influence of an individual's psychological state on the shade selection procedure to achieve better shade matching and post-treatment patient counseling...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Joanne Martires, Michelle Zeidler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Insomnia is the most common reported sleep disorder with limited treatment options including pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia. Pharmacotherapy can be complicated by tolerance and significant side-effects and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia providers are limited in number. This article reviews mindfulness meditation as an additional therapy for insomnia. RECENT FINDINGS: Both mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBTI) have been studied in the treatment of insomnia...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Zheng Liu, Feng Liu, Courtney C Aldrich
Mycobactins are small-molecule iron chelators (siderophores) produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) for iron mobilization. The bifunctional salicylate synthase MbtI catalyzes the first step of mycobactin biosynthesis through the conversion of the primary metabolite chorismate into salicylic acid via isochorismate. We report the design, synthesis, and biochemical evaluation of an inhibitor based on the putative transition state (TS) for the isochorismatase partial reaction of MbtI. The inhibitor mimics the hypothesized charge buildup at C-4 of chorismate in the TS as well as C-O bond formation at C-6...
July 2, 2015: Journal of Organic Chemistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Sun Kim
PURPOSE: This study was performed to develop a counseling strategy, based on the profiles of medical students' Strong Interest Inventory (STRONG) and Myer-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) results, focusing on the three following questions: Into what distinct levels are students categorized by STRONG and MBTI? and What is the dispersion of the integrated profiles? METHODS: Freshmen students from Konyang University College of Medicine who matriculated between March 2011 and 2013 were administered the MBTI personality type test and the STRONG interest inventory assessment...
March 2015: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Min-Jin Kim, Kyung-Pyo Park, Deog-Gyu Seo, Jung-Joon Ihm
PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine the personality types of the graduate students in Seoul National University School of Dentistry (SNU SD) and analyze the specific personal types that were linked to their performance in problem-based learning (PBL). METHODS: A total of 263 graduate students in SNU SD from 2011 to 2013, participated in PBL and completed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) GS form, which was analyzed statistically to determine whether their MBTI personality types were independent of their PBL performance...
December 2014: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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