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Andreas Gösele-Koppenburg
Chronic compartment syndromes are a rare, but frequently overlooked cause of pain in the locomotor system. Their aetiology is still not fully elucidated. There is an imbalance of muscle volume and space in the compartment. Thickening of the fascia and decreased elasticity lead to a pathological increase in pressure in the compartment under load. Chronic compartment syndromes are found in the foot, lower leg, thigh, forearm, hand, and even the spine. Bilateral compartment syndromes are very common (80 %). The main symptoms are pain in the compartment under physical activity...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Marie-Julie Lardinois, Nicolas Meurisse
INTRODUCTION: Peroperative assessment of resectability in pancreas-sparing duodenectomy for distal duodenal (D3-D4) adenocarcinoma is challenging for surgeons. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a 68-year-old man with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the fourth portion of duodenum which had been diagnosed with upper endoscopy and CT. A pancreas-sparing duodenectomy with loco-regional lymph node resection using the superior mesenteric artery first approach was performed...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Wei-Hsin Yuan, Anna Fen-Yau Li, Yi-Hong Chou, Hui-Chen Hsu, Ying-Yuan Chen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine clinical and ultrasonographic characteristics of male breast tumors. METHODS: The medical records of male patients with breast lesions were retrieved from an electronic medical record database and a pathology database and retrospectively reviewed. A total of 112 men (125 breast masses) with preoperative breast ultrasonography (US) were included (median age, 59.50 years; age range, 15-96 years). Data extracted included patient age, if the lesions were bilateral, palpable, and tender, and the presence of nipple discharge...
2018: PloS One
Olga Kostrzewa, Paweł Kołodziej, Maria Majdan, Robert Zwolak, Anna Górak, Krzysztof Bar
In this article we have presented a case of 31-year-old male with thickening of the skin and tender cord of superficial veins of the penis and laboratory findings of the high titer of PM/Scl-100 antibodies in the serum. The patient was referred to the Rheumatology Department due to suspected systemic sclerosis. The HRCT scan of his lungs revealed fibrous degeneration and ground-glass opacity in the lower lobes. Capillaroscopy showed abnormalities, which were not typical for systemic sclerosis. In Doppler ultrasound examination of penis, superficial dorsal and circumflex veins thrombosis and inflammatory infiltration were observed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Emanuele Bernardi, Lara Pisani, Luca Fasano, Giuseppe Lauria, Vittoria Comellini, Lorenzo Appendini, Giorgio Conti, Francesco Tosello, Elisa Pizzolato, Stefano Nava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Kamil Zieliński, Łukasz Kalińczuk, Adam Trzciński, Michał Proczka, Marcin Demkow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Kardiologia Polska
Abdulaziz Anazi Alshamrani, Sami Al-Shahwan
BACKGROUND: Crouzon syndrome is the most common form of craniosynostosis, and mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 and 3 (FGFR2 and FGFR3) genes are implicated in its pathogenesis. OBSERVATION: A 10-year-old female patient with Crouzon syndrome and congenital glaucoma treated with trabeculectomy and ocular hypotensive medications was examined. The patient had proptosis, exposure keratopathy, megalocornea, thin central corneal thickness, a shallow anterior chamber, mild anterior subcapsular cataract, and a cup-to-disc ratio of 0...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Tze Chao Wee, Yeow Leng Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Jean-Jacques Rouby, Charlotte Arbelot, Yuzhi Gao, Mao Zhang, Jie Lv, Youzhong An, Chunyao Wang, Du Bin, Carmen Silvia Valente Barbas, Felippe Leopoldo Dexheimer Neto, Fabiola Prior Caltabeloti, Emidio Lima, Andres Cebey, Sébastien Perbet, Jean-Michel Constantin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Diana Di Pinto, Marta Adragna
INTRODUCTION: Alagille syndrome (AS) is a cholestatic disease secondary to scarcity of interlobular bile ducts. It is associated with extrahepatic manifestations, and renal involvement is frequent. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence, type and outcome of renal pathology in children with AS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The presence and outcome of renal pathology was retrospectively studied in 21 children who met AS criteria. RESULTS: Renal pathology was observed in 18 patients (85...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Janet Fallon, Martin Plummeridge, Richard Daly, Andrew Medford
We report a case of a 68-year-old gentleman, found to have a right hilar soft tissue mass whilst undergoing CT staging for prostate cancer. MRI imaging showed a heterogenous, enhancing solid mass without evidence of fat content. A linear probe endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration was performed using a 19G needle. This confirmed the diagnosis of a benign chondroid hamartoma, avoiding the need for more invasive surgical biopsy.
February 7, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Alfonso Sforza, Maria V Carlino, Giovanni Albano, Maria I Arnone, Giuliano De Stefano, Andrea D'Amato, Federica De Pisapia, Giovanni De Simone, Costantino Mancusi
Reexpansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is an uncommon complication of thoracentesis or chest drainage. It occurs in the ipsilateral or contralateral lung. Causes, pathogenesis and therapy are not well understood especially for contralateral RPE. We describe a case of fatal contralateral RPE in a 59-years-old woman with right lung cancer underwent ultrasound-guided thoracentesis for massive pleural effusion and severe dyspnea. Pathogenesis of contralateral RPE is probably multifactorial and in this case is mostly due to the overperfusion of the healthy lung and consequent capillary damage...
March 19, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Stefano Francesco Crinò, Mirko D'Onofrio, Laura Bernardoni, Luca Frulloni, Michele Iannelli, Giuseppe Malleo, Salvatore Paiella, Alberto Larghi, Armando Gabbrielli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation (EUS-RFA) is a promising technique for the treatment of pancreatic neoplasm. We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and technical success of pancreatic EUS-RFA performed in a single center. METHODS: 9 consecutive patients (8 with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 1 with renal cancer metastasis) were referred for EUS-RFA between November 2016 and July 2017. EUS-RFA was performed using 18-gauge internally cooled electrode with a 5 or 10 mm exposed tip...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Xue Deng, Lai-Heung Phoebe Chau, Suk-Yee Chiu, Kwok-Pui Leung, Sheung-Wai Li, Wing-Yuk Ip
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) accompanied by secondary axonal degeneration cannot be clearly discriminated using the current cross-validated ultrasound severity classification system. This study aimed at exploring cut-off values of ultrasound parameters, including wrist cross-sectional area (W-CSA), wrist perimeter (W-P), ratio of cross-sectional area (R-CSA) and perimeter (R-P), changes of CSA and P from wrist to one third distal forearm (ΔCSA&ΔP) for differentiation. Seventy-three patients (13 male and 60 female) were assigned into group A (demyelination only, n = 40) and group B (demyelination with secondary axonal degeneration, n = 33) based on the outcomes of nerve conduction studies (NCS)...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Eun Jee Song, Yu-Mee Sohn, Mirinae Seo
OBJECTIVE: To correlate clinico-radiologic and pathologic features of breast cancer with quantitative and qualitative shear wave elastographic parameters. METHODS: 82 breast cancers in 75 patients examined by B-mode ultrasound (US) and shear wave elastography (SWE) were included. SWE parameters including quantitative factors [maximum elasticity (Emax ), mean elasticity (Emean ), elasticity ratio (Eratio ) and standard deviation (SD)] and qualitative factor (color pattern) were correlated with clinico-radiologic and pathological features using univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Li-Chuan Jia, Ding-Xiang Yan, Xiaofeng Liu, Rujun Ma, Hong-Yuan Wu, Zhongming Li
Electromagnetic protection in optoelectronic instruments such as optical windows and electronic displays is challenging because of the essential requirements of a high optical transmittance and an electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Herein, we demonstrate the creation of an efficient transparent EMI shielding film that is composed of calcium alginate (CA), silver nanowires (AgNWs), and polyurethane (PU), via a facile and low-cost Meyer-rod coating method. The CA/AgNWs/PU film with a high optical transmittance of 92% achieves an EMI SE of 20...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sonia-Yuki Selmi, Emmanuel Promayon, Jocelyne Troccaz
PURPOSE: We present a hybrid 2D-3D ultrasound (US) rigid registration method for navigated prostate biopsy that enables continuous localization of the biopsy trajectory during the exam. METHODS: Current clinical computer-assisted biopsy systems use either sensor-based or image-based approaches. We combine the advantages of both in order to obtain an accurate and real-time navigation based only on an approximate localization of the US probe. Starting with features extracted in both 2D and 3D images, our method introduces a variant of the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Jan-Niclas Mumm, D A Clevert, Brigitte Ziegelmüller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Brian H H Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the efficacy and safety of sequential high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation in a multinodular goitre (MNG) by comparing them with single HIFU ablation. METHODS: One hundred and four (84.6%) patients underwent single ablation of a single nodule (group I), while 19 (15.4%) underwent sequential ablation of two relatively-dominant nodules in a MNG (group II). Extent of shrinkage per nodule [by volume reduction ratio (VRR)], pain scores (by 0-10 visual analogue scale) during and after ablation, and rate of vocal cord palsy (VCP), skin burn and nausea/vomiting were compared between the two groups...
March 19, 2018: European Radiology
Sergio J Sanabria, Orcun Goksel, Katharina Martini, Serafino Forte, Thomas Frauenfelder, Rahel A Kubik-Huch, Marga B Rominger
OBJECTIVES: To assess feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of a novel hand-held ultrasound (US) method for breast density assessment that measures the speed of sound (SoS), in comparison to the ACR mammographic (MG) categories. METHODS: ACR-MG density (a=fatty to d=extremely dense) and SoS-US were assessed in the retromamillary, inner and outer segments of 106 women by two radiographers. A conventional US system was used for SoS-US. A reflector served as timing reference for US signals transmitted through the breasts...
March 19, 2018: European Radiology
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