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Mental agility

Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Mikel Izquierdo, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence indicates that children's physical fitness levels are markers of their lifestyles and their cardio-metabolic health profile and are predictors of the future risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, cardiometabolic disease, skeletal health and mental health. However, fitness reference values for ethnic children and adolescents have not been published in a Latin-American population. Therefore, the aim of the study was to provide sex- and age-specific physical fitness and anthropometric reference standards among Colombian-Indian schoolchildren...
2016: BMC Public Health
Jung-Eun Byun, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the impacts of senior brain heath exercise (SBHE) program for 12 weeks to basic active physical fitness, cognitive function and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in elderly women. METHODS: Subject of this study is total of 24 women in the age of 65-79 who can conduct normal daily activity and communication but have not participated in regular exercise in recent 6 months. The study groups were divided into an exercise group (EG, n=13) and a control group (CG, n=11)...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Shashank Rohatagi, Deborah Profit, Ainslie Hatch, Cathy Zhao, John P Docherty, Timothy S Peters-Strickland
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medication compromises the effectiveness of psychiatric treatments in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). A newly developed digital medicine system (DMS) offers an opportunity to objectively assess and report patient medication adherence. DMS includes a wearable sensor that receives a data signal from a medication tablet with an embedded ingestible sensor after ingestion of the medication and transmits that data to the patient's mobile device to display health care information for the patient and treatment team...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Patil Armenian, Alexander Olson, Andres Anaya, Alicia Kurtz, Rawnica Ruegner, Roy R Gerona
In 2013 and 2014, more than 700 deaths were attributed to fentanyl and fentanyl analogues in the United States. Of recent concern is the cluster of unintentional fentanyl overdoses because of tablets thought to be "Norco" purchased on the street in Northern California. U-47700 (trans-3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethyl-amino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenz-amide) is a nonfentanyl-based synthetic opioid with 7.5 times the binding affinity of morphine to μ-opioid. We report a case of fentanyl and U-47700 intoxication from what was thought to be illicitly purchased Norco...
July 20, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Petra M Skeffington, Clare S Rees, Trevor G Mazzucchelli, Robert T Kane
AIM: To develop and evaluate an evidence-based and theory driven program for the primary prevention of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: A pre-intervention / post-intervention / follow up control group design with clustered random allocation of participants to groups was used. The "control" group received "Training as Usual" (TAU). METHOD: Participants were 45 career recruits within the recruit school at the Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) in Western Australia...
2016: PloS One
Dia Eddine Oudghiri, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, María Del Mar Fernández, Pilar Aranda, Virginia Ariadna Aparicio
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information about fitness and other health indicators in women from countries such as Morocco. This study aims to explore the association of weight status with physical and mental health in Moroccan perimenopausal women. METHODS: 151 women (45-65 years) from the North of Morocco were analyzed by standardized field-based fitness tests to assess cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, flexibility, agility and balance. Quality of life was assessed by means of the Short-Form-36 Health Survey...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
S H Lee, J H Han, Y Y Jin, I H Lee, H R Hong, H S Kang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between physical fitness and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly Koreans. This was a cross-sectional study that involved 134 men and 299 women aged 65 to 88 years. Six senior fitness tests were used as independent variables: 30 s chair stand for lower body strength, arm curl for upper body strength, chair-sit-and-reach for lower body flexibility, back scratch for upper body flexibility, 8-ft up-and-go for agility/dynamic balance, and 2-min walk for aerobic endurance...
March 2016: Biology of Sport
Jeong-Deok Ahn, Hyunsik Kang
Poor physical fitness and low serum vitamin D are known to be modifiable risk factors for cognitive declines with normal aging. We investigated the association of physical fitness and serum vitamin D levels with global cognitive function in older adults. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 412 older Korean adults (108 men aged 74.4 ± 6.0 years and 304 women aged 73.1 ± 5.4 years) completed the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to assess global cognitive performance and the senior fitness test to assess strength, flexibility, agility, and endurance domains of physical fitness...
December 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Jun Qian, Yong Zou, Jing Wang, Bing Zhang, Pierre P Massion
Chromosome 3q26-28 is a critical region of genomic amplification in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly lung squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). No molecular therapeutic target has shown clinical utility for SCC, in contrast with adenocarcinomas of the lung. To identify novel candidate drivers in this region, we performed both Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array CGH, Agilent Human Genome CGH 244A oligo-microarrays) and Gene Expression Microarray (Agilent Human Gene Expression 4 × 44 K microarray) on 24 untreated lung SCC specimens...
September 2015: Genomics Data
Christopher D Buckingham, Ann Adams, Laura Vail, Ashish Kumar, Abu Ahmed, Annie Whelan, Eleni Karasouli
OBJECTIVES: To develop a decision support system (DSS), myGRaCE, that integrates service user (SU) and practitioner expertise about mental health and associated risks of suicide, self-harm, harm to others, self-neglect, and vulnerability. The intention is to help SUs assess and manage their own mental health collaboratively with practitioners. METHODS: An iterative process involving interviews, focus groups, and agile software development with 115 SUs, to elicit and implement myGRaCE requirements...
October 2015: Patient Education and Counseling
I Barthalos, S Dorgo, J Kopkáné Plachy, Z Szakály, F Ihász, T Ráczné Németh, J Bognár
AIM: Nursing home residing older adults often experience fear of sickness or death, functional impairment and pain. It is difficult for these older adults to maintain a physically active lifestyle and to keep a positive outlook on life. This study evaluated the changes in quality of life, attitude to aging, assertiveness, physical fitness and body composition of nursing home residing elderly through a 15-week organized resistance training based physical activity program. METHODS: Inactive older adults living in a state financed nursing home (N=45) were randomly divided into two intervention groups and a control group...
July 24, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Kyle Hoedebecke, Will Brink
The Soldiers of America's military endure numerous physical and mental challenges that demand strict physical fitness regimens, extreme mental agility, and a perpetual readiness to deploy at a moment's notice. The chronicity of these stressors has the potential to dramatically reduce performance - both directly and indirectly.  Because of this risk, many Soldiers turn to nutritional supplements with hopes of optimizing performance. Increasing amounts of research have demonstrated that various supplements may enhance overall physical prowess, health, and offer quicker recovery in the face of corporal or psychological extremes...
2015: F1000Research
Linda Clare, Sharon M Nelis, Ian R Jones, John V Hindle, Jeanette M Thom, Julie A Nixon, Jennifer Cooney, Carys L Jones, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Christopher J Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors represent prime targets for behaviour change interventions to promote healthy ageing and reduce dementia risk. We evaluated a goal-setting intervention aimed at promoting increased cognitive and physical activity and improving mental and physical fitness, diet and health. METHODS: This was a pilot randomised controlled trial designed to guide planning for a larger-scale investigation, provide preliminary evidence regarding efficacy, and explore feasibility and acceptability...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Linda Clare, Sharon M Nelis, Ian R Jones, John V Hindle, Jeanette M Thom, Julie A Nixon, Jennifer Cooney, Carys L Jones, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Christopher J Whitaker
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors represent prime targets for behaviour change interventions to promote healthy ageing and reduce dementia risk. We evaluated a goal-setting intervention aimed at promoting increased cognitive and physical activity and improving mental and physical fitness, diet and health. METHODS: This was a pilot randomised controlled trial designed to guide planning for a larger-scale investigation, provide preliminary evidence regarding efficacy, and explore feasibility and acceptability...
December 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Emilie Crawford-Achour, Virginie Dauphinot, Magali Saint Martin, Magali Tardy, Régis Gonthier, Jean Claude Barthelemy, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) leads to a deterioration in cognitive functions, with regard to memory and executive functions. However, few studies have investigated the impact of treatment on these cognitive functions in elderly subjects. METHODS: The study was conducted in a large cohort of subjects aged 65 years or older (the PROOF cohort). Subjects were not diagnosed or treated for OSA. Subjects underwent a polygraphic recording. Cognitive performance was assessed in all OSA subjects at baseline and 10 years later, whether or not they were receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Daniel F Gucciardi, Peter Peeling, Kagan J Ducker, Brian Dawson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between self-reported mental toughness and behavioural perseverance among a sample of male Australian footballers in a naturalistic context. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field study, with the multistage 20m shuttle run test (MST) employed as a proxy for behavioural perseverance. METHODS: 330 male Australian footballers aged between 15 and 18 years (M=16.86; SD=.71) with between 2 and 14 years playing experience (M=9...
January 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Magdalena GęBSKA, Katarzyna Weber-Nowakoska, Alina Wojciechowska, Marta Zawarska, Natalia Czajka, Aleksandra Szafarz, Ewelina Żyżniewska-Banaszak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the dissertation was to com- pare the psychophysical state of people over 50 years of age from different societies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first group consisted of 30 care home residents, the second group consisted of 30 participants of Active Senior Fair. In the research, two scales were applied: Mini-Mental State Examination, measuring the mental state, and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living, measuring agility in the field of complex everyday tasks...
2014: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
Huiloo Won, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Normah Che Din, Manal Badrasawi, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Sin Thien Tan, Chu Chiau Tai, Suzana Shahar
PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment is correlated with physical function. However, the results in the literature are inconsistent with cognitive and physical performance measures. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the association between cognitive performance and physical function among older adults. METHODS: A total of 164 older adults aged ≥60 years and residing in low-cost housing areas in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia participated in this study. Cognitive performance was measured using the Mini Mental State Examination, clock drawing test, Rey auditory verbal learning test, digit symbol test, digit span test, matrix reasoning test, and block design test...
2014: Clinical Epidemiology
Consuelo Salas-Labadía, Esther Lieberman, Roberto Cruz-Alcívar, Pilar Navarrete-Meneses, Samuel Gómez, Consuelo Cantú-Reyna, Karin Buiting, Carola Durán-McKinster, Patricia Pérez-Vera
BACKGROUND: Trisomy 14 mosaicism is a rare chromosomal abnormality. It is associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We report a 15 year-old female with an unusual karyotype with three cell lines: 47,XX,+mar/47,XX,+14/46,XX. At six months old she had short stature, cleft palate, hyperpigmented linear spots in arms and legs and developmental delay. At present, she has mild facial dysmorphism and moderate mental retardation. METHODS: Cytogenetic analysis was performed in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in the light and dark skin following standard methods...
2014: Molecular Cytogenetics
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