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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#1
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727342/school-nurses-awareness-and-attitudes-toward-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685056/individual-and-parental-risk-factors-for-sexual-exploitation-among-high-risk-youth-in-uganda
#3
Shannon Self-Brown, Rachel Culbreth, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Armistead, Rogers Kasirye, Monica H Swahn
This study examined risk factors to determine associations with commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC) in a convenience sample of adolescents living in the slums in Kampala, Uganda. Individual-level factors included demographic, adverse experiences (ever living on the streets; victim of dating violence, parental abuse, or rape), and behavioral risk (social media, alcohol use, age at first intercourse). Parental-risk factors included parent alcohol use and approval attitudes toward youth sex...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659073/online-sexual-activity-involving-webcams-an-overview-of-existing-literature-and-implications-for-sexual-boundary-violations-of-children-and-adolescents
#4
Thula Koops, Arne Dekker, Peer Briken
Despite the relevance of the Internet and its increasing use for sexual purposes, research into online sexual activity (OSA) involving webcams is limited. Aside from positive experiences, OSA may implicate violations of sexual boundaries, reaching from minor issues to serious forms of sexual abuse. To provide a basis for a classification of sexual boundary violations online and a conceptualization of preventive measures, a systematic review of the literature on OSA involving webcams was conducted, resulting in publications from four thematic categories: webcam use in common OSA, psychopathological phenomena, sex work, and crime and indecency (commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, and sexual boundary violations)...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580197/identifying-youth-at-risk-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation-within-child-advocacy-centers-a-statewide-pilot-study
#5
Tiffany West Brandt, Teresa Lind, Alayna Schreier, Chad M Sievers, Teresa L Kramer
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a social problem in the United States that has recently received growing attention from policy makers, advocates, and researchers. Despite increasing awareness of this issue, information on the prevalence, demographic profile, and psychosocial needs of victims of CSEC is scarce. To better understand the scope of CSEC and to examine the feasibility of screening for CSEC in Child Advocacy Centers (CACs), a pilot study was initiated through Arkansas Building Effective Services for Trauma (ARBEST) to identify youth who may be at risk for commercial sexual exploitation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558256/exploring-mental-health-and-substance-use-treatment-needs-of-commercially-sexually-exploited-youth-participating-in-a-specialty-juvenile-court
#6
Mekeila C Cook, Elizabeth Barnert, Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Kayleen Ports, Eraka Bath
The study sought to: 1) describe the mental health and substance use profiles among participants of a specialty trafficking court program (the Succeed Though Achievement and Resilience Court); 2) describe youths' mental health and substance use treatment prior to participating in the program; and 3) examine whether abuse influences report of mental health problems and/or substance use. Retrospective case review of court files was performed on commercially sexually exploited youth who volunteered to participate in the court from 2012 to 2014 (N = 184)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486349/predicting-running-away-in-girls-who-are-victims-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#7
Alexandra R Hershberger, Jasmyn Sanders, Crisanna Chick, Megan Jessup, Hugh Hanlin, Melissa A Cyders
Youth that are victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) have a host of clinical problems and often run away from home, residential care, and treatment, which complicates and limits treatment effectiveness. No research to date has attempted to predict running away in CSEC victims. The present study aimed to 1) characterize a clinically referred sample of girls who were victims of CSEC and compare them to other high-risk girls (i.e., girls who also have a history of trauma and running away, but deny CSEC); and 2) examine the utility of using the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) to predict future running away...
May 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485709/hiv-risks-and-needs-related-to-the-sustainable-development-goals-among-female-sex-workers-who-were-commercially-sexually-exploited-as-children-in-lesotho
#8
Ashley Grosso, Shianne Busch, Tampose Mothopeng, Stephanie Sweitzer, John Nkonyana, Nkomile Mpooa, Noah Taruberekera, Stefan Baral
INTRODUCTION: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) about gender equality; decent work; and peace, justice, and strong institutions include a focus on eradicating trafficking and sexual exploitation of and violence against women and children. In Lesotho, 86% of women have experienced gender-based violence. In addition, overall HIV prevalence is among the highest globally, and higher among adolescent girls than boys. Moreover, nearly three quarters of female sex workers (FSW) are estimated to be living with HIV in Lesotho...
February 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422230/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-health-care-use-and-case-characteristics
#9
Gail Hornor, Jennifer Sherfield
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric health care utilization, familial psychosocial factors, child sexual abuse case characteristics, and patient demographic characteristics of adolescents prior to or at the time of their most recent identification as a victim of commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the above detailed information of all adolescents presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) or Child Advocacy Center (CAC) of a pediatric hospital with concerns of suspected CSEC...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#10
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294856/uncovering-indicators-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#11
Dawn Bounds, Kathleen R Delaney, Wrenetha Julion, Susan Breitenstein
It is estimated that annually 100,000 to 300,000 youth are at risk for sex trafficking; a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or any such act where the person induced to perform such an act is younger than 18 years of age. Increasingly, such transactions are occurring online via Internet-based sites that serve the commercial sex industry. Commercial sex transactions involving trafficking are illegal; thus, Internet discussions between those involved must be veiled. Even so, transactions around sex trafficking do occur...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283892/school-nurses-awareness-and-attitudes-toward-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#12
Hannah E Fraley, Teri Aronowitz, Emily J Jones
Human trafficking is a global, multibillion-dollar industry. Most victims are female and more than half are children. At-risk youth continue to attend school with school nurses on the frontline of this health crisis. Using the Peace and Power Conceptual Model, a mixed-methods study was conducted to explore school nurses' awareness, attitudes, and role perceptions in the prevention of commercial sexual exploitation of children. Six peace-power versus power-over power themes and 4 subthemes were identified: "exposure/knowledge, "collaboration," "role boundaries," and "creating respite space...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239804/sex-determination-and-differentiation-genes-in-a-functional-hermaphrodite-scallop-nodipecten-subnodosus
#13
Pavel Galindo-Torres, Alejandra García-Gasca, Raúl Llera-Herrera, Cristina Escobedo-Fregoso, Cei Abreu-Goodger, Ana M Ibarra
The lion-paw, Nodipecten subnodosus is one of three scallop species commercially exploited on the west coast of the Peninsula of Baja California. Because nothing is known about sex determination and sexual differentiation in hermaphrodite scallops, in the present work, a global transcriptomic analysis was performed in two early developmental stages, settling eyed-larvae and spat, as well as in three tissues (undifferentiated gonad, digestive gland, and adductor muscle). Over 27 million Illumina paired-end reads were obtained through the MiSeq platform...
February 2018: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195171/commercially-sexually-exploited-youths-health-care-experiences-barriers-and-recommendations-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Eraka Bath, Mekeila Cook, Lauren Textor, Elizabeth Barnert
The current study sought to understand commercially sexually exploited (CSE) youths' health care experiences, barriers to care, and recommendations for improving health care services. We conducted focus groups (N=5) with 18 CSE youth from February 2015 through May 2016 at two group homes serving CSE youth in Southern California. We performed thematic content analysis to identify emergent themes about CSE youths' perspectives on health care. Youth described facilitators to care, including availability of services such as screening for sexually transmitted infections, knowledge about sexual health, and a strong motivation to stay healthy...
February 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#15
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985156/barriers-to-accessing-detox-facilities-substance-use-treatment-and-residential-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation-trafficking
#16
Lara B Gerassi
More than 50% of women entering substance use treatment in the U.S. reported having traded sex for money or drugs. Women's participation in addiction treatment and related services is essential to their recovery and increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. This paper's aim is to explore the barriers related to accessing detox facilities and essential services including substance use treatment and residential services for women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). Data are drawn from a larger, community-based, grounded theory study...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939730/adolescent-victims-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation-versus-sexually-abused-adolescents
#17
Jon A Shaw, John E Lewis, Harvey A Chitiva, Andrew R Pangilinan
We have discovered in our clinical review that sexually abused girls have significantly better therapeutic outcomes than girls who have been victims of sex trafficking. Thus, we compared the mental health records of 25 adolescent female victims of commercial sexual exploitation with a group of 25 girls with a history of sexual abuse matched for age. Exclusion criteria included IQ <70, organicity, and psychosis. Victims of sexual exploitation were more likely to be in foster care; to have arrests, suspensions from school, and a history of running away; to abuse drugs; to be more impaired in social and school activities; to be withdrawn and depressed; to manifest social and thought problems and aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors; and to have a diagnosis of mood or conduct disorder or both...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934053/the-peace-and-power-conceptual-model-an-assessment-guide-for-school-nurses-regarding-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#18
Hannah E Fraley, Teri Aronowitz
Human trafficking is a global problem; more than half of all victims are children. In the United States (US), at-risk youth continue to attend school. School nurses are on the frontlines, presenting a window of opportunity to identify and prevent exploitation. Available papers targeting school nurses report that school nurses may lack awareness of commercial sexual exploitation and may have attitudes and misperceptions about behaviors of school children at risk. This is a theoretical paper applying the Peace and Power Conceptual Model to understand the role of school nurses in commercial sexual exploitation of children...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841535/female-reproductive-traits-of-a-commercially-exploited-skate-atlantoraja-platana-g%C3%A3-nther-1880-chondrichthyes-rajidae-ovarian-morphology-gametogenesis-and-microscopic-verification-of-maturity-criteria
#19
A C Moya, A Wehitt, M C Díaz Andrade, E E Di Giacomo, E J Galíndez
Atlantoraja platana is an endemic species of the Southwest Atlantic Ocean, and is one of the most captured by the local bottom trawl industrial fisheries. In this work, the microscopic architecture of mature female's gonads and the dynamics of follicle development are studied as a contribution to raise awareness of reproductive biology of the species. Folliculogenesis depicts the same histologic pattern as in other Elasmobranchs. Follicles in different degrees of maturation coexist in mature animals. The oogonia were only found in immature individuals...
October 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832832/reproductive-cycle-of-mytella-guyanensis-lamarck-1819-in-a-marine-reserve-resex-bay-of-iguape-bahia-brazil
#20
V M A Camilo, J da C Souza, E de J Conceição, J R Luz, G Boehs, S Campiolo
Mytella guyanensis, consumed and commercialized in coastal regions of Brazil, is one of several bivalve species of socioeconomic interest for coastal communities. Besides serving as a source of income and subsistence for these communities, it also contributes to their food security as it is a source of proteins and micronutrients. Thus, the reproductive cycle of this species was studied aiming to contribute to food security and its preservation. Samples were collected monthly, between March 2014 and March 2015, in a natural stock (12°38'50"S; 38°51'43"W) in a Marine Reserve (RESEX Bay of Iguape) (community Engenho da Ponte), Bahia, Brazil...
August 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
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