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Commercial sexual exploitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542850/reproductive-biology-of-black-seabream-acanthopagrus-schlegelii-threadfin-porgy-evynnis-cardinalis-and-red-pargo-pagrus-major-in-the-northern-south-china-sea-with-consideration-of-fishery-status-and-management-needs
#1
C S W Law, Y Sadovy de Mitcheson
The reproductive biology of three commercially significant seabream species (family: Sparidae) Acanthopagrus schlegelii, Evynnis cardinalis and Pagrus major, taken from Hong Kong and adjacent northern South China Sea (SCS) waters, were investigated for their sexual patterns, spawning seasons, length at maturity and exploitation in relation to their conservation and management status. Histological analysis showed E. cardinalis and P. major to be functionally gonochoristic, the latter having a bisexual juvenile stage and being a rudimentary hermaphrodite...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#2
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394150/mental-health-services-as-a-vital-component-of-psychosocial-recovery-for-victims-of-child-trafficking-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#3
Yvonne Rafferty
There has been a plethora of outcomes associated with child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation; however little attention has been paid to how outcomes are addressed for children who are placed into residential aftercare recovery programs following their identification as victims. Field-based qualitative research was undertaken in South and Southeast Asia, and involved interviews with 213 representatives from U.N. and governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and residential aftercare recovery programs...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333214/-forever-young-%C3%A2-testosterone-replacement-therapy-a-blockbuster-drug-despite-flabby-evidence-and-broken-promises
#4
Andrea Busnelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
In the last decade, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been increasingly prescribed to treat a controversial condition known as 'late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)'. This syndrome is diagnosed in men who, for no discernible reason other than older age, obesity or ill health have serum testosterone concentrations below the normal range for healthy young men and report one or more of the following symptoms: muscle weakness or wasting, mood, behaviour and cognition-related symptoms and sexual function or libido impairment...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292455/sex-trafficking-of-minors
#5
REVIEW
Jessica L Moore, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
Sex trafficking is an increasingly recognized global health crisis affecting every country and region in the world. Domestic minor sex trafficking is a subset of commercial sexual exploitation of children, defined as engagement of minors (<18 years of age) in sexual acts for items of value (eg, food, shelter, drugs, money) involving children victimized within US borders. These involved youth are at risk for serious immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Continued efforts are needed to improve preventive efforts, identification, screening, appropriate interventions, and subsequent resource provision for victimized and high-risk youth...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072670/instruments-to-identify-commercially-sexually-exploited-children-feasibility-of-use-in-an-emergency-department-setting
#6
Stephanie Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the screening instruments that are in existence today to identify commercially sexually exploited children. The instruments are compared and evaluated for their feasibility of use in an emergency department setting. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched to identify screening instruments that assessed solely for commercial sexual exploitation. Search terms included "commercially sexually exploited children," "CSEC," "domestic minor sex trafficking," "DMST," "juvenile sex trafficking," and "JST...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065969/survellience-system-for-child-abuse-bridging-the-gap-between-actual-and-hidden-cases
#7
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq
The dynamics of child abuse have been recognised as a global emerging social issue which is highly associated with child humiliation. The Government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives for addressing issues regarding child abuse and neglect and has designed laws to protect children against exploitation, abuse and violence; however, most of them are not enforced at all or poorly implemented due to lack of proper definition of child abuse and related terms, and different ways of reporting child abuse cases...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828614/hiv-prevalence-in-children-and-youth-living-on-the-street-and-subject-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Camilo Noreña-Herrera, Carlos Alberto Rojas, Lizeth Cruz-Jiménez
The aim of this review was to describe HIV prevalence in children and youth living on the street and subject to commercial sexual exploitation, and the studies' characteristics in terms of place, time, population, and sample design. This was a systematic review, not a meta-analysis, based on an article search in 10 electronic databases: Science Direct, MEDLINE, OVID, LILACS, Wiley InterScience, MD Consult, Springer Link, Embase, Web of Science, and Ebsco. A complementary search was also performed in the libraries of schools of public health and webpages of U...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764066/a-multidisciplinary-response-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683049/a-multidisciplinary-response-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#10
Pamela T Avila
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is associated with child abuse, neglect, poverty, homelessness, and societal causes. Sex trafficking is the participation in commercial sex acts in which force, fraud, or coercion occur. This article discusses the scope of CSEC and sex trafficking, and the necessary identification skills and medical evaluations needed to help these patients.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664496/all-the-darkness-we-don-t-see
#11
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Jolyn S Taylor, Terri Edersheim, Debra Taubel
Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This is a public health crisis; as physicians who have direct contact with victims, we have a unique opportunity to intervene. The authors developed a specialty clinic for survivors of sex trafficking in 2013 at an academic medical center in New York City. Twenty of the 24 women seen in the Survivor Clinic saw a physician while being trafficked. Sex trafficking violates basic human rights, which include the rights to bodily integrity, dignity, health, and freedom from violence and torture...
February 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470203/risk-factors-for-domestic-child-sex-trafficking-in-the-united-states
#12
Lisa Fedina, Celia Williamson, Tasha Perdue
Despite increased effort to respond to human trafficking at national and state levels, very little empirical research has been conducted on domestic child sex trafficking. This study retrospectively examines associations between multiple risk factors and domestic child sex trafficking (i.e., entry into the commercial sex industry under the age of 18) in a sample of individuals aged 16 and older currently involved in the commercial sex industry (N = 273). Two primary research questions are addressed: (1) What set of risk factors, prior to entering the commercial sex industry, are associated with domestic child sex trafficking and (2) what group differences, if any, exist in risk factors between current or former domestic child sex-trafficking victims and non-trafficked adults engaged in the commercial sex industry? A cross-sectional survey was administered using Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) in five cities in one Midwestern state...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352092/supporting-youth-involved-in-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-divergent-perspectives-on-youth-agency
#13
Beth Sapiro, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus, Cassandra Simmel
Domestic-minor sex trafficking (DMST) continues to affect youth in the United States; however, lack of empirical evidence for interventions and the complex sociopolitical discourses surrounding sex trafficking and the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) hamper delivery of effective services to this population. To explore perspectives on best practices with these young people, 20 in-depth interviews were conducted with key stakeholders whose work provides them with a unique vantage point on the needs and experiences of survivors of DMST in New Jersey...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117605/a-california-multidisciplinary-juvenile-court-serving-sexually-exploited-and-at-risk-youth
#14
Brandi D Liles, Dawn M Blacker, Jenny L Landini, Anthony J Urquiza
Research suggests that 90% of youth in the juvenile justice system have experienced at least one traumatic event (Arroyo, ). One such traumatic event is the commercialized sexual exploitation of children and youth (CSEC). Over the past decade, governmental organizations and community agencies have recognized that the sexual exploitation of children is a significant problem in the United States. In California alone, human trafficking task forces have identified 1200 youth as victims of sexual exploitation from 2010 to 2012 (Walker, )...
January 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084026/facilitating-a-school-based-prevention-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#15
Ann Cale Kruger, Erin Harper, Faith Zabek, Staeshe Collins, Catherine Perkins, Joel Meyers
The challenges of developing and researching a school-based prevention program using the participatory culture-specific intervention model are described here. We outline the problem of commercial sexual exploitation of children that motivated our project and the characteristics of students most at risk (African American girls in middle school). We provide an analysis of the factors that can facilitate creation and implementation of similar prevention programs in schools. These factors include establishing partnerships with community resources, including school insiders, and establishing trust, especially with students placed at risk...
July 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843935/the-influence-of-simulated-exploitation-on-patella-vulgata-populations-protandric-sex-change-is-size-dependent
#16
Carla D G Borges, Stephen J Hawkins, Tasman P Crowe, C Patrick Doncaster
Grazing mollusks are used as a food resource worldwide, and limpets are harvested commercially for both local consumption and export in several countries. This study describes a field experiment to assess the effects of simulated human exploitation of limpets Patella vulgata on their population ecology in terms of protandry (age-related sex change from male to female), growth, recruitment, migration, and density regulation. Limpet populations at two locations in southwest England were artificially exploited by systematic removal of the largest individuals for 18 months in plots assigned to three treatments at each site: no (control), low, and high exploitation...
January 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26646412/development-and-pilot-test-of-a-commercial-sexual-exploitation-prevention-tool-a-brief-report
#17
Molly Murphy, Nicole Bennett, Melissa Kottke
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a persistent problem in the United States, yet few youth-oriented CSEC prevention tools exist. The objectives of this project were to develop an educational website about CSEC for adolescents and evaluate it through pre- and posttests of adolescents' knowledge and attitudes about CSEC. Results demonstrated increases in participants' CSEC knowledge and decreases in their tolerance of CSEC after navigating the website and viewing an embedded video. Qualitative and quantitative results suggest that CSEC is deemed an important issue by adolescents and web-based content is a relevant and useful mode through which to educate adolescents about CSEC...
2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26599463/a-short-screening-tool-to-identify-victims-of-child-sex-trafficking-in-the-health-care-setting
#18
V Jordan Greenbaum, Martha Dodd, Courtney McCracken
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of commercial sexual exploitation of children/child sex trafficking (CSEC/CST) victims and to develop a screening tool to identify victims among a high-risk adolescent population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients aged 12 to 18 years who presented to 1 of 3 metropolitan pediatric emergency departments or 1 child protection clinic and who were identified as victims of CSEC/CST were compared with similar-aged patients with allegations of acute sexual assault/sexual abuse (ASA) without evidence of CSEC/CST...
November 23, 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561743/species-detection-using-hybeacon-%C3%A2-probe-technology-working-towards-rapid-onsite-testing-in-non-human-forensic-and-food-authentication-applications
#19
Nick Dawnay, Rebecca Hughes, Denise Syndercombe Court, Nicola Duxbury
Identifying individual species or determining species' composition in an unknown sample is important for a variety of forensic applications. Food authentication, monitoring illegal trade in endangered species, forensic entomology, sexual assault case work and counter terrorism are just some of the fields that can require the detection of the biological species present. Traditional laboratory based approaches employ a wide variety of tools and technologies and exploit a number of different species specific traits including morphology, molecular differences and immuno-chemical analyses...
January 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26520827/identifying-best-practices-for-safe-harbor-legislation-to-protect-child-sex-trafficking-victims-decriminalization-alone-is-not-sufficient
#20
Elizabeth S Barnert, Susan Abrams, Veronica F Azzi, Gery Ryan, Robert Brook, Paul J Chung
Several states have recently enacted "Safe Harbor" laws to redirect child victims of commercial sexual exploitation and child sex trafficking from the criminal justice system and into the child welfare system. No comprehensive studies of Safe Harbor law implementation exist. The nine state Safe Harbor laws enacted by 2012 were analyzed to guide state legislators, health professionals, law enforcement agents, child welfare providers, and other responders to the commercial sexual exploitation of children on the development and implementation of state Safe Harbor laws...
January 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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