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Commercial sexual exploitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841535/female-reproductive-traits-of-a-commercially-exploited-skate-atlantoraja-platana-g%C3%A3-nther-1880-chondrichthyes-rajidae-ovarian-morphology-gametogenesis-and-microscopic-verification-of-maturity-criteria
#1
A C Moya, A Wehitt, M C Díaz Andrade, E E Di Giacomo, E J Galíndez
Atlantoraja platana is an endemic species of the Southwest Atlantic Ocean, and is one of the most captured by the local bottom trawl industrial fisheries. In this work, the microscopic architecture of mature female's gonads and the dynamics of follicle development are studied as a contribution to raise awareness of reproductive biology of the species. Folliculogenesis depicts the same histologic pattern as in other Elasmobranchs. Follicles in different degrees of maturation coexist in mature animals. The oogonia were only found in immature individuals...
August 12, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832832/reproductive-cycle-of-mytella-guyanensis-lamarck-1819-in-a-marine-reserve-resex-bay-of-iguape-bahia-brazil
#2
V M A Camilo, J da C Souza, E de J Conceição, J R Luz, G Boehs, S Campiolo
Mytella guyanensis, consumed and commercialized in coastal regions of Brazil, is one of several bivalve species of socioeconomic interest for coastal communities. Besides serving as a source of income and subsistence for these communities, it also contributes to their food security as it is a source of proteins and micronutrients. Thus, the reproductive cycle of this species was studied aiming to contribute to food security and its preservation. Samples were collected monthly, between March 2014 and March 2015, in a natural stock (12°38'50"S; 38°51'43"W) in a Marine Reserve (RESEX Bay of Iguape) (community Engenho da Ponte), Bahia, Brazil...
August 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797913/commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Elizabeth Barnert, Zarah Iqbal, Janine Bruce, Arash Anoshiravani, Gauri Kolhatkar, Jordan Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690714/trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-commercially-sexually-exploited-youth
#4
Judith A Cohen, Anthony P Mannarino, Kelly Kinnish
Commercially sexually exploited children and adolescents ("commercially exploited youth")present numerous clinical challenges that have led some mental health providers to question whether current evidence-based treatments are adequate to address the needs of this population. This paper 1) addresses commonalities between the trauma experiences, responses and treatment challenges of commercially exploited youth and those of youth with complex trauma; 2) highlights the importance of careful assessment to guide case conceptualization and treatment planning for commercially exploited youth; and 3) describes strategies for implementing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for complex trauma specific to these youth...
June 2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662128/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-two-isoforms-of-chalcone-synthase-and-their-expression-analysis-in-relation-to-flavonoid-constituents-in-grewia-asiatica-l
#5
Tareq A Wani, Shahzad A Pandith, Ajai P Gupta, Suresh Chandra, Namrata Sharma, Surrinder K Lattoo
Chalcone synthase constitutes a functionally diverse gene family producing wide range of flavonoids by catalyzing the initial step of the phenylpropanoid pathway. There is a pivotal role of flavonoids in pollen function as they are imperative for pollen maturation and pollen tube growth during sexual reproduction in flowering plants. Here we focused on medicinally important fruit-bearing shrub Grewia asiatica. It is a rich repository of flavonoids. The fruits are highly acclaimed for various putative health benefits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#6
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562723/-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-meanings-and-practices-of-people-who-work-and-reside-in-downtown-medellin-colombia-2015
#7
Diego Alejandro Ossa-Estrada, Iván Felipe Muñoz-Echeverri
The commercial sexual exploitation of children is a public health problem and a serious violation of the rights of children and adolescents. The response to this problem has been affected by the meanings and practices of the actors involved. In order to contribute to a better understanding of the problem, a qualitative social study using a grounded theory approach was carried out between 2014 and 2015. The aim was to understand the meanings and practices regarding this issue of people who spend time in an area of the city center with a high presence of commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542850/reproductive-biology-of-black-seabream-acanthopagrus-schlegelii-threadfin-porgy-evynnis-cardinalis-and-red-pargo-pagrus-major-in-the-northern-south-china-sea-with-consideration-of-fishery-status-and-management-needs
#8
C S W Law, Y Sadovy de Mitcheson
The reproductive biology of three commercially significant seabream species (family: Sparidae) Acanthopagrus schlegelii, Evynnis cardinalis and Pagrus major, taken from Hong Kong and adjacent northern South China Sea (SCS) waters, were investigated for their sexual patterns, spawning seasons, length at maturity and exploitation in relation to their conservation and management status. Histological analysis showed E. cardinalis and P. major to be functionally gonochoristic, the latter having a bisexual juvenile stage and being a rudimentary hermaphrodite...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#9
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394150/mental-health-services-as-a-vital-component-of-psychosocial-recovery-for-victims-of-child-trafficking-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#10
Yvonne Rafferty
There has been a plethora of outcomes associated with child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation; however little attention has been paid to how outcomes are addressed for children who are placed into residential aftercare recovery programs following their identification as victims. Field-based qualitative research was undertaken in South and Southeast Asia, and involved interviews with 213 representatives from U.N. and governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and residential aftercare recovery programs...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333214/-forever-young-testosterone-replacement-therapy-a-blockbuster-drug-despite-flabby-evidence-and-broken-promises
#11
Andrea Busnelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
In the last decade, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been increasingly prescribed to treat a controversial condition known as 'late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)'. This syndrome is diagnosed in men who, for no discernible reason other than older age, obesity or ill health have serum testosterone concentrations below the normal range for healthy young men and report one or more of the following symptoms: muscle weakness or wasting, mood, behaviour and cognition-related symptoms and sexual function or libido impairment...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292455/sex-trafficking-of-minors
#12
REVIEW
Jessica L Moore, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
Sex trafficking is an increasingly recognized global health crisis affecting every country and region in the world. Domestic minor sex trafficking is a subset of commercial sexual exploitation of children, defined as engagement of minors (<18 years of age) in sexual acts for items of value (eg, food, shelter, drugs, money) involving children victimized within US borders. These involved youth are at risk for serious immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Continued efforts are needed to improve preventive efforts, identification, screening, appropriate interventions, and subsequent resource provision for victimized and high-risk youth...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072670/instruments-to-identify-commercially-sexually-exploited-children-feasibility-of-use-in-an-emergency-department-setting
#13
Stephanie Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the screening instruments that are in existence today to identify commercially sexually exploited children. The instruments are compared and evaluated for their feasibility of use in an emergency department setting. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched to identify screening instruments that assessed solely for commercial sexual exploitation. Search terms included "commercially sexually exploited children," "CSEC," "domestic minor sex trafficking," "DMST," "juvenile sex trafficking," and "JST...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065969/survellience-system-for-child-abuse-bridging-the-gap-between-actual-and-hidden-cases
#14
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq
The dynamics of child abuse have been recognised as a global emerging social issue which is highly associated with child humiliation. The Government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives for addressing issues regarding child abuse and neglect and has designed laws to protect children against exploitation, abuse and violence; however, most of them are not enforced at all or poorly implemented due to lack of proper definition of child abuse and related terms, and different ways of reporting child abuse cases...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828614/hiv-prevalence-in-children-and-youth-living-on-the-street-and-subject-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Camilo Noreña-Herrera, Carlos Alberto Rojas, Lizeth Cruz-Jiménez
The aim of this review was to describe HIV prevalence in children and youth living on the street and subject to commercial sexual exploitation, and the studies' characteristics in terms of place, time, population, and sample design. This was a systematic review, not a meta-analysis, based on an article search in 10 electronic databases: Science Direct, MEDLINE, OVID, LILACS, Wiley InterScience, MD Consult, Springer Link, Embase, Web of Science, and Ebsco. A complementary search was also performed in the libraries of schools of public health and webpages of U...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764066/a-multidisciplinary-response-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683049/a-multidisciplinary-response-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#17
Pamela T Avila
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is associated with child abuse, neglect, poverty, homelessness, and societal causes. Sex trafficking is the participation in commercial sex acts in which force, fraud, or coercion occur. This article discusses the scope of CSEC and sex trafficking, and the necessary identification skills and medical evaluations needed to help these patients.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664496/all-the-darkness-we-don-t-see
#18
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Jolyn S Taylor, Terri Edersheim, Debra Taubel
Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This is a public health crisis; as physicians who have direct contact with victims, we have a unique opportunity to intervene. The authors developed a specialty clinic for survivors of sex trafficking in 2013 at an academic medical center in New York City. Twenty of the 24 women seen in the Survivor Clinic saw a physician while being trafficked. Sex trafficking violates basic human rights, which include the rights to bodily integrity, dignity, health, and freedom from violence and torture...
February 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470203/risk-factors-for-domestic-child-sex-trafficking-in-the-united-states
#19
Lisa Fedina, Celia Williamson, Tasha Perdue
Despite increased effort to respond to human trafficking at national and state levels, very little empirical research has been conducted on domestic child sex trafficking. This study retrospectively examines associations between multiple risk factors and domestic child sex trafficking (i.e., entry into the commercial sex industry under the age of 18) in a sample of individuals aged 16 and older currently involved in the commercial sex industry (N = 273). Two primary research questions are addressed: (1) What set of risk factors, prior to entering the commercial sex industry, are associated with domestic child sex trafficking and (2) what group differences, if any, exist in risk factors between current or former domestic child sex-trafficking victims and non-trafficked adults engaged in the commercial sex industry? A cross-sectional survey was administered using Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) in five cities in one Midwestern state...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352092/supporting-youth-involved-in-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-divergent-perspectives-on-youth-agency
#20
Beth Sapiro, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus, Cassandra Simmel
Domestic-minor sex trafficking (DMST) continues to affect youth in the United States; however, lack of empirical evidence for interventions and the complex sociopolitical discourses surrounding sex trafficking and the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) hamper delivery of effective services to this population. To explore perspectives on best practices with these young people, 20 in-depth interviews were conducted with key stakeholders whose work provides them with a unique vantage point on the needs and experiences of survivors of DMST in New Jersey...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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