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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072670/instruments-to-identify-commercially-sexually-exploited-children-feasibility-of-use-in-an-emergency-department-setting
#1
Stephanie Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the screening instruments that are in existence today to identify commercially sexually exploited children. The instruments are compared and evaluated for their feasibility of use in an emergency department setting. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched to identify screening instruments that assessed solely for commercial sexual exploitation. Search terms included "commercially sexually exploited children," "CSEC," "domestic minor sex trafficking," "DMST," "juvenile sex trafficking," and "JST...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063882/mice-lacking-grip1-2-show-increased-social-interactions-and-enhanced-phosphorylation-at-glua2-s880
#2
Mei Han, Rebeca Mejias, Shu-Ling Chiu, Rebecca Rose, Abby Adamczyk, Richard Huganir, Tao Wang
Glutamate receptor interacting proteins 1 and 2 (GRIP1/2) play an important role in regulating synaptic trafficking of AMPA receptor 2/3 (GluA2/3) and synaptic strength. Gain-of-function GRIP1 mutations are implicated in social behavioral deficits in autism. To study mechanisms of Grip1/2-mediated AMPA signaling in the regulation of social behaviors, we performed social behavioral testing on neuron-specific Grip1/2-double knockout (DKO) and wild type (WT) mice that are matched for age, sex, and strain background...
January 4, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034305/sorl1-gene-plasma-biomarkers-and-the-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-for-the-han-chinese-population-in-taiwan
#3
Cheng-Ta Chou, Yi-Chu Liao, Wei-Ju Lee, Shuu-Jiun Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh
BACKGROUND: The sortilin-related receptor 1 (SORL1) gene, regulating the trafficking and recycling of amyloid precursor protein, has been related to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between SORL1 polymorphisms, plasma concentrations of amyloid-beta (Aβ) isoforms, and AD and MCI susceptibility for a Han Chinese population in Taiwan. METHODS: Eight single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SORL1 and the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) ε4 alleles were genotyped in 798 patients with AD, 157 patients with MCI, and 401 control subjects...
December 30, 2016: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031024/sex-trafficking-and-sexual-exploitation-in-settings-affected-by-armed-conflicts-in-africa-asia-and-the-middle-east-systematic-review
#4
Alys McAlpine, Mazeda Hossain, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Sex trafficking and sexual exploitation has been widely reported, especially in conflict-affected settings, which appear to increase women's and children's vulnerabilities to these extreme abuses. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of ten databases and extensive grey literature to gather evidence of sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in conflict-affected settings. International definitions of "sexual exploitation" and "sex trafficking" set the indicator parameters...
December 28, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992583/labour-trafficking-among-men-and-boys-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-exploitation-violence-occupational-health-risks-and-injuries
#5
Nicola S Pocock, Ligia Kiss, Sian Oram, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Men comprise nearly two-thirds of trafficked and forced labourers in common low-skilled labour sectors including fishing, agriculture and factory work. Yet, most evidence on human trafficking has focused on women and girls trafficked for sex work, with scant research on trafficked men and boys. METHODS: We analyse survey data from the largest systematic consecutive sample of trafficked people collected to date to describe the prevalence of violence, occupational health risks and injuries and associated factors...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981195/sex-differences-in-subcellular-distribution-of-delta-opioid-receptors-in-the-rat-hippocampus-in-response-to-acute-and-chronic-stress
#6
Sanoara Mazid, Baila S Hall, Shannon C Odell, Khalifa Stafford, Andreina D Dyer, Tracey A Van Kempen, Jane Selegean, Bruce S McEwen, Elizabeth M Waters, Teresa A Milner
Drug addiction requires associative learning processes that critically involve hippocampal circuits, including the opioid system. We recently found that acute and chronic stress, important regulators of addictive processes, affect hippocampal opioid levels and mu opioid receptor trafficking in a sexually dimorphic manner. Here, we examined whether acute and chronic stress similarly alters the levels and trafficking of hippocampal delta opioid receptors (DORs). Immediately after acute immobilization stress (AIS) or one-day after chronic immobilization stress (CIS), the brains of adult female and male rats were perfusion-fixed with aldehydes...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783753/-concepts-in-women-trafficking-for-sexual-exploitation-a-survey-with-institutional-representatives-in-brazil-and-portugal
#7
Jose Gonçalo Pais Estrela da Silveira Zúquete, Edinilsa Ramos de Souza, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
This study focuses on concepts involved in women trafficking for sexual exploitation according to representatives of government and nongovernmental institutions working with policies to confront and prevent trafficking and assist victims in Brazil and Portugal. An exploratory qualitative study was performed to identify the institutional discourses on women trafficking using thematic analysis. Interviewees displayed conceptual imprecision concerning women trafficking, sometimes ignoring the rights of sex workers to migrate and work in other countries...
October 20, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781009/human-trafficking-identification-and-service-provision-in-the-medical-and-social-service-sectors
#8
Corinne Schwarz, Erik Unruh, Katie Cronin, Sarah Evans-Simpson, Hannah Britton, Megha Ramaswamy
The medical sector presents a unique opportunity for identification and service to victims of human trafficking. In this article, we describe local and site-specific efforts to develop an intervention tool to be used in an urban hospital's emergency department in the midwestern United States. In the development of our tool, we focused on both identification and intervention to assist trafficked persons, through a largely collaborative process in which we engaged local stakeholders for developing site-specific points of intervention...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767953/role-of-occupational-therapy-in-combating-human-trafficking
#9
Kathleen W Gorman, Beth Ann Hatkevich
Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery that includes sex trafficking, labor trafficking, and trafficking of children. It is estimated that 35.8 million people are enslaved around the world. Because of the traumatic experiences that victims of human trafficking encounter, the needs of victims are extensive and require the services of several providers, including health care providers, for victims to transform into survivors and thrivers. Currently, the role of occupational therapy is minimal and unexplored...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764261/erratum-sex-trafficking-assessment-and-resources-star-for-pediatric-attendings-in-rhode-island
#10
C L Barron, Jessica L Moore, Grayson Baird, Amy P Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) victims have unique medical and mental health needs and present frequently for medical attention. Little is known about the reported training, screening, comfort and knowledge of DMST among pediatricians in Rhode Island who likely encounter these patient victims without knowing. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey sent to Rhode Island Hospital staff physicians from November 2014 through January 2015. RESULTS: Of the 109 participants, the majority reported no training, screened no patients for DMST in the past year, did not know any resources available and had limited knowledge and comfort with this pediatric patient population...
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741947/barriers-to-health-service-access-among-female-migrant-ugandan-sex-workers-in-guangzhou-china
#11
Alissa Davis, Beth E Meyerson, Blessing Aghaulor, Katherine Brown, Adisyn Watson, Kathryn E Muessig, Ligang Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Increased trade between China and Uganda has fueled trafficking of female Ugandans into China. These women may face challenges accessing health services. This study focused on examining barriers to health care access among female Ugandan sex workers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we undertook in-depth interviews with 19 female Ugandan sex workers in Guangzhou, China. Interviews focused on barriers to health service access and were analyzed using an a priori coding framework followed by open-coding to capture emergent themes...
October 14, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683049/a-multidisciplinary-response-to-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#12
Pamela T Avila
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is associated with child abuse, neglect, poverty, homelessness, and societal causes. Sex trafficking is the participation in commercial sex acts in which force, fraud, or coercion occur. This article discusses the scope of CSEC and sex trafficking, and the necessary identification skills and medical evaluations needed to help these patients.
November 19, 2016: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664496/all-the-darkness-we-don-t-see
#13
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Jolyn S Taylor, Terri Edersheim, Debra Taubel
Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This is a public health crisis; as physicians who have direct contact with victims, we have a unique opportunity to intervene. The authors developed a specialty clinic for survivors of sex trafficking in 2013 at an academic medical center in New York City. Twenty of the 24 women seen in the Survivor Clinic saw a physician while being trafficked. Sex trafficking violates basic human rights, which include the rights to bodily integrity, dignity, health, and freedom from violence and torture...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662294/increased-pcsk9-cerebrospinal-fluid-concentrations-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Francesca Zimetti, Paolo Caffarra, Nicoletta Ronda, Elda Favari, Maria Pia Adorni, Ilaria Zanotti, Franco Bernini, Federica Barocco, Marco Spallazzi, Daniela Galimberti, Chiara Ricci, Massimiliano Ruscica, Alberto Corsini, Nicola Ferri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been associated with dysregulation of brain cholesterol trafficking and abnormal production of apolipoprotein E isoform 4 (apoE4). Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a protein present in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) degrading the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) and other apoE-binding receptors involved in neuron cholesterol uptake. The role of PCSK9 in AD is controversial. OBJECTIVE: We compared PCSK9 levels in CSF of AD patients and non-AD controls and looked at correlations with CSF total apoE and apoE4...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610905/spiritual-darkness-reflections-on-a-medical-mission
#15
Rosalinda Ramirez Jimenez
This is a reflective analysis on the lived experience of a medical mission in a third world country, where young women are abused and trafficked for sex. Practices of Scripture study, Lectio Divina, and contemplative prayer enabled me to deal with the spiritual darkness we encountered. Opening a dialogue with community members to view males and females in a different manner and battling alongside the local mission and ministers against sex trafficking, are not easy tasks. The perseverance found in the Bible gives us hope to be witnesses and healers in our broken world, and a small part in change that can take root with prayer...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600733/a-human-rights-focused-hiv-intervention-for-sex-workers-in-metro-manila-philippines-evaluation-of-effects-in-a-quantitative-pilot-study
#16
Lianne A Urada, Janie Simmons, Betty Wong, Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Gerlita Condino-Enrera, Laufred I Hernandez, Nymia Pimentel Simbulan, Anita Raj
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a brief human rights-focused HIV community mobilization intervention for sex workers in the Philippines, a country with one of the fastest rising number of HIV cases worldwide. METHODS: Five single-session group interventions to reduce sexual risk and increase HIV testing among 86 sex workers in Manila were evaluated with pre-post-test data via Wilcoxon's signed-ranks and Mann-Whitney tests. The 4-h intervention, Kapihan (August-November, 2013), integrated human rights with HIV skill-building...
November 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579947/sex-trafficking-assessment-and-resources-star-for-pediatric-attendings-in-rhode-island
#17
Jessica L Moore, Grayson Baird, Amy P Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) victims have unique medical and mental health needs and present frequently for medical attention. Little is known about the reported training, screening, comfort and knowledge of DMST among pediatricians in Rhode Island who likely encounter these patient victims without knowing. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey sent to Rhode Island Hospital staff physicians from November 2014 through January 2015. RESULTS: Of the 109 participants, the majority reported no training, screened no patients for DMST in the past year, did not know any resources available and had limited knowledge and comfort with this pediatric patient population...
September 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575407/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medical-presentation
#18
Amy P Goldberg, Jessica L Moore, Christopher Houck, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients referred for domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) to improve identification and intervention. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Lawrence A. Aubin, Sr Child Protection Center at Hasbro Children's Hospital where patients are evaluated by child abuse pediatricians in outpatient, emergency department, and inpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 41 patients younger than the age of 18 years referred for the evaluation of DMST involvement between August 1, 2013 and March 30, 2015...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555599/tackling-trafficking-by-targeting-sex-buyers-can-it-work
#19
Johanna Niemi, Jussi Aaltonen
The European legal instruments on human trafficking encourage states to tackle the demand for services of trafficked persons, for example, by making the use of services of a trafficked person a criminal offense. In Finland, buying sex from a trafficked person is a criminal offense. This article reports the results of an evaluation of the Finnish law and shows that the implementation has been inefficient. The authors argue that with an amendment of the law, the implementation could be improved but a truly efficient policy would require a total ban of sex purchase along the lines of the Swedish model...
August 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552002/the-health-needs-and-healthcare-experiences-of-young-people-trafficked-into-the-uk
#20
Nicky Stanley, Siân Oram, Sharon Jakobowitz, Joanne Westwood, Rohan Borschmann, Cathy Zimmerman, Louise M Howard
Young people who have been trafficked may have experienced significant trauma and violence but little is known about their health and healthcare needs. This UK study aimed to address that gap. It included a health survey and qualitative interviews with 29 young people aged 16-21 trafficked into the UK from other countries who were recruited through voluntary organisations and children's social services. These data were supplemented by interviews with relevant professionals. Over half the young people had been trafficked for sex work but sexual violence had also been experienced by those trafficked for domestic servitude and labour exploitation...
September 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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