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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915217/estradiol-modulates-local-gut-injury-induced-by-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-in-male-rats
#1
Fernanda Yamamoto Ricardo-da-Silva, Evelyn Thaís Fantozzi, Sara Rodrigues-Garbin, Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho, Bernardo Boris Vargaftig, Ana Cristina Breithaupt-Faloppa, Wothan Tavares de Lima
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) triggers a systemic inflammatory response characterized by leukocyte mobilization from the bone marrow, release of cytokines to the circulation, and increased microvascular permeability, leading to high mortality. Females have shown attenuated inflammatory response to trauma when compared with males, indicating a role for female sex hormones in this process. Here, we have evaluated the effect of estradiol on the local gut injury induced by I/R in male rats. I/R was induced by the clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min, followed by 2 h of reperfusion...
October 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904092/map1b-light-chain-modulates-synaptic-transmission-via-ampa-receptor-intracellular-trapping
#2
Rocío Palenzuela, Yolanda Gutiérrez, Jonathan E Draffin, Argentina Lario, Marion Benoist, José A Esteban
The regulated transport of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs) to the synaptic membrane is a key mechanism to determine the strength of excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. In this work, we uncovered a new role for the microtubule-associated protein MAP1B, in modulating the access of AMPARs to the postsynaptic membrane. Using mice and rats of either sex, we show that MAP1B light chain (LC) accumulates in the somatodendritic compartment of hippocampal neurons, where it forms immobile complexes on microtubules that limit vesicular transport...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874079/migration-agency-and-the-sex-industry-practitioners-perspectives-on-foreign-sex-workers-in-turkey
#3
Omur Kaya, Edna Erez
The article presents the political, economic, and sociocultural factors that make Turkey an attractive destination for foreign sex workers, and reviews trends in official statistics of arrested traffickers, rescued victims, and deportation of migrant illegal sex workers. In-depth interviews of 20 law enforcement and nongovernmental organizations staff members, who in the course of their work come into close contact with foreign sex workers, shed light on the statistics. The interview data provide insights into the structure of the Turkish sex market, the factors that bring foreign women to work in this market, and the impact of legal reforms on the circumstances of foreign sex workers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816587/dna-methylation-independent-growth-restriction-and-altered-developmental-programming-in-a-mouse-model-of-preconception-male-alcohol-exposure
#4
Richard C Chang, William M Skiles, S Chronister Sarah, Haiqing Wang, Gabrielle I Sutton, Yudhishtar S Bedi, Matthew Snyder, Charles R Long, Michael C Golding
The preconception environment is a significant modifier of dysgenesis and the development of environmentally-induced disease. To date, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) have been exclusively associated with maternal exposures, yet emerging evidence suggests male-inherited alterations in the developmental program of sperm may be relevant to the growth-restriction phenotypes of this condition. Using a mouse model of voluntary consumption, we find chronic preconception male ethanol exposure associates with fetal growth restriction, decreased placental efficiency, abnormalities in cholesterol trafficking, sex-specific alterations in the genetic pathways regulating hepatic fibrosis, and disruptions in the regulation of imprinted genes...
August 17, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806461/talking-to-adolescents-about-social-media
#5
Rachel S Dawson
I see a large number of adolescents in my clinic with issues related to their social media use. These issues range from lack of sleep, to depression, to cyberbullying, and even sex trafficking, all secondary to constant social media exposure. Pediatricians should ask about social media use when they see children and adolescents who already have access to electronic devices. They should also ask parents about controls that are set in place to monitor social media use, content, and friend connections on those sites...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797913/commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Barnert, Zarah Iqbal, Janine Bruce, Arash Anoshiravani, Gauri Kolhatkar, Jordan Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793341/effects-of-implementing-the-act-of-prohibition-on-sex-trafficking-on-female-sex-workers-sexually-transmitted-infections
#7
Minsoo Jung
This study investigated the effect of implementing the act of prohibition on sex trafficking (PST) on sexually transmitted disease (STD) infections among South Korean female sex workers (FSWs) working at prostitution blocks. Research data were collected twice through the Korean government-sanctioned survey for female sex workers (1st wave = 1,083; 2nd wave = 926). We examined the associations among health behavior, working conditions, and the effect of PST act via hierarchical logistic regression analyses using propensity score matching...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611881/screening-for-victims-of-sex-trafficking-in-the-emergency-department-a-pilot-program
#8
Bryn E Mumma, Marisa E Scofield, Lydia P Mendoza, Yalda Toofan, Justin Youngyunpipatkul, Bryan Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: Estimates suggest that hundreds of thousands of sex trafficking victims live in the United States. Several screening tools for healthcare professionals to identify sex trafficking victims have been proposed, but the effectiveness of these tools in the emergency department (ED) remains unclear. Our primary objective in this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a screening survey to identify adult victims of sex trafficking in the ED. We also compared the sensitivity of emergency physician concern and a screening survey for identifying sex trafficking victims in the ED and determined the most effective question(s) for identifying adult victims of sex trafficking...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585156/sex-work-criminalization-is-barking-up-the-wrong-tree
#9
Ine Vanwesenbeeck
There is a notable shift toward more repression and criminalization in sex work policies, in Europe and elsewhere. So-called neo-abolitionism reduces sex work to trafficking, with increased policing and persecution as a result. Punitive "demand reduction" strategies are progressively more popular. These developments call for a review of what we know about the effects of punishing and repressive regimes vis-à-vis sex work. From the evidence presented, sex work repression and criminalization are branded as "waterbed politics" that push and shove sex workers around with an overload of controls and regulations that in the end only make things worse...
August 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543168/a-new-tool-to-tackle-the-opioid-epidemic-description-utility-and-results-from-the-maine-diversion-alert-program
#10
Brian J Piper, Clare E Desrosiers, Harriet C Fisher, Kenneth L McCall, Stephanie D Nichols
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The opioid epidemic continues to impact the United States, and new strategies are needed to combat this epidemic. The objective of this study was to analyze 2015 drug arrest data from Maine's Diversion Alert (DA) program (diversionalert.org), compare arrest data between the first quarters of 2015 and 2016, and provide an analysis of the sex differences in the arrests as well as information about DA use. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based descriptive study using data from the Maine DA program...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539094/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-among-child-welfare-involved-youth-an-exploratory-study-of-correlates
#11
Jennifer E O'Brien, Kevin White, Cynthia Fraga Rizo
Our research team used the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II to explore relationships between demographic factors, domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) status, and several psychosocial dependent variables for children and youth in the child welfare system who affirm that they have been paid for sex within the past 6 months. The sample included a total of 814 children and youth, 38 of whom reported DMST victimization. Results revealed that youth with a history of DMST victimization were more likely than their nonexploited peers to report runaway behavior, demonstrate externalizing behaviors, and test in the clinical range for a substance abuse problem...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538460/transforming-care-for-victims-of-violence
#12
Anne C Boatright
In this month's Magnet® Perspectives column, Anne Boatright, MSN, RN, SANE, describes her efforts to develop a comprehensive forensic nursing program at Methodist Hospital in Omaha. Ms Boatright transformed a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program into one that provides 24/7 coverage at Methodist's 2 SANE locations and cares not only for victims of sexual assault but also for the victims domestic violence, sex trafficking, strangulation, elder abuse, and neglect. Her work extends beyond the walls of Methodist to the community, where she serves as a core member of the Nebraska Human Trafficking Task Force...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502504/high-density-lipoproteins-and-adrenal-steroidogenesis-a-population-based-study
#13
Edward Buitenwerf, Michiel N Kerstens, Thera P Links, Ido P Kema, Robin P F Dullaart
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol trafficked within plasma lipoproteins, in particular high-density lipoproteins (HDL), may represent an important source of cholesterol that is required for adrenal steroidogenesis. Based on a urinary gas chromatography method, compromised adrenal function has been suggested in men but not in women with (genetically determined) low plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the article was to examine the extent to which glucocorticoid production relates to HDL-C in a population-based cohort...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493746/sexual-objectification-the-common-thread-connecting-myriad-forms-of-sexual-violence-against-women
#14
Sarah J Gervais, Sarah Eagan
In this article, the authors focus on the linkages between objectification and current societal manifestations of sexual violence toward women to make the case that everyday instances of objectification can provide the foundation for more extreme forms of violence. First, they formally introduce the notion of objectification and explain its origins and its consequences in those who perpetrate and those who experience it. Next, they use objectification as a lens through which to consider several related, but distinct, societal problems, including: sexual assault of college women, harassment of women in work settings, and sex trafficking of women in the United States and around the world...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486669/federal-and-state-responses-to-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-the-evolution-of-policy
#15
Jini L Roby, Melanie Vincent
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is a rapidly growing problem in the United States, yet legislative efforts to address victim needs have begun only recently. DMST is an issue that spans several areas of social work practice, as emerging research shows that most children and youths exploited in commercial sex have typically experienced prior abuse, neglect, or other forms of trauma. Many have been involved with the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and are often lured by promises of love, security, protection, and belonging...
May 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427727/temporary-removal-implementation-of-human-trafficking-education-and-treatment-algorithm-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Amber Egyud, Kimberly Stephens, Brenda Swanson-Bierman, Marge DiCuccio, Kimberly Whiteman
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397763/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-homeostasis-in-reproductive-physiology-and-pathology
#18
REVIEW
Elif Guzel, Sefa Arlier, Ozlem Guzeloglu-Kayisli, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Tugba Ekiz, Nihan Semerci, Kellie Larsen, Frederick Schatz, Charles Joseph Lockwood, Umit Ali Kayisli
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), comprises 60% of the total cell membrane and interacts directly or indirectly with several cell organelles i.e., Golgi bodies, mitochondria and proteasomes. The ER is usually associated with large numbers of attached ribosomes. During evolution, ER developed as the specific cellular site of synthesis, folding, modification and trafficking of secretory and cell-surface proteins. The ER is also the major intracellular calcium storage compartment that maintains cellular calcium homeostasis...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358728/estradiol-modulates-local-gut-injury-induced-by-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-in-male-rats
#19
Fernanda Yamamoto Ricardo-da-Silva, Evelyn Thaís Fantozzi, Sara Rodrigues-Garbin, Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho, Bernardo Boris Vargaftig, Ana Cristina Breithaupt-Faloppa, Wothan Tavares de Lima
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) triggers a systemic inflammatory response characterized by leukocyte mobilization from the bone marrow, release of cytokines to the circulation, and increased microvascular permeability, leading to high mortality. Females have shown attenuated inflammatory response to trauma when compared to males, indicating a role for female sex hormones in this process. Here we have evaluated the effect of estradiol on the local gut injury induced by I/R in male rats. I/R was induced by the clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min, followed by 2 h of reperfusion...
March 29, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292455/sex-trafficking-of-minors
#20
REVIEW
Jessica L Moore, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
Sex trafficking is an increasingly recognized global health crisis affecting every country and region in the world. Domestic minor sex trafficking is a subset of commercial sexual exploitation of children, defined as engagement of minors (<18 years of age) in sexual acts for items of value (eg, food, shelter, drugs, money) involving children victimized within US borders. These involved youth are at risk for serious immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Continued efforts are needed to improve preventive efforts, identification, screening, appropriate interventions, and subsequent resource provision for victimized and high-risk youth...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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