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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662843/insulinotropic-effect-of-s-allyl-cysteine-in-rat-pups
#1
Busisani W Lembede, Jeanette Joubert, Pilani Nkomozepi, Kennedy H Erlwanger, Eliton Chivandi
S -Allyl cysteine (SAC) is found in garlic and has been reported to exert antidiabetic and antiobesity properties in drug-induced adult experimental models of metabolic dysfunction, but its potential beneficial effects in high-fructose diet neonatal rat models have not been determined. This study investigated the potential prophylactic effects of SAC in high-fructose diet fed suckling rat pups modelling human neonates fed a high-fructose diet. Four-day-old male (n=32) and female (n=32) Wistar rat pups, were randomly assigned to and administered the following treatment regimens daily for 15 days: group I, distilled water; group II, 20% fructose solution (FS); group III, SAC; group IV, SAC+FS...
March 2018: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659074/demographic-mental-health-and-offending-characteristics-of-online-child-exploitation-material-offenders-a-comparison-with-contact-only-and-dual-sexual-offenders
#2
Marie Henshaw, James R P Ogloff, Jonathan A Clough
Technological advances have dramatically increased the ability to access, distribute and produce child exploitation material (CEM) online, resulting in increased numbers of individuals being charged with CEM offences. This study examined the demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of CEM offenders (n = 456) in comparison to child contact sexual offenders (n = 493) and offenders with a history of both CEM and contact offences (dual offenders, n = 256). A robust data linkage methodology was employed to link records from statewide corrections services with policing and mental health records in Victoria, Australia...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659073/online-sexual-activity-involving-webcams-an-overview-of-existing-literature-and-implications-for-sexual-boundary-violations-of-children-and-adolescents
#3
Thula Koops, Arne Dekker, Peer Briken
Despite the relevance of the Internet and its increasing use for sexual purposes, research into online sexual activity (OSA) involving webcams is limited. Aside from positive experiences, OSA may implicate violations of sexual boundaries, reaching from minor issues to serious forms of sexual abuse. To provide a basis for a classification of sexual boundary violations online and a conceptualization of preventive measures, a systematic review of the literature on OSA involving webcams was conducted, resulting in publications from four thematic categories: webcam use in common OSA, psychopathological phenomena, sex work, and crime and indecency (commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, and sexual boundary violations)...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626311/exploration-of-mirnas-and-target-genes-of-cytoplasmic-male-sterility-line-in-cotton-during-flower-bud-development
#4
Hushuai Nie, Yumei Wang, Ying Su, Jinping Hua
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) lines provide crucial material to harness heterosis for crop plants, which serves as an important strategy for hybrid seed production. However, the molecular mechanism remains obscure. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in vegetative growth and reproductive growth, there are few reports on miRNAs regulating the development of male sterility in Upland cotton. In present study, 12 small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced for two development stages of flower buds from a CMS line and its maintainer line...
April 7, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604337/sexually-dimorphic-tibia-shape-is-linked-to-natural-osteoarthritis-in-str-ort-mice
#5
Behzad Javaheri, Hajar Razi, Miriam Piles, Roberto de Souza, Yu-Mei Chang, Iris Maric-Mur, Mark Hopkinson, Peter D Lee, Andrew A Pitsillides
OBJECTIVES: Human osteoarthritis (OA) is detected only at late stages. Male STR/Ort mice develop knee OA spontaneously with known longitudinal trajectory, offering scope to identify OA predisposing factors. We exploit the lack of overt OA in female STR/Ort and in both sexes of parental, control CBA mice to explore whether early divergence in tibial bone mass or shape are linked to emergent OA. METHOD: We undertook detailed micro-CT comparisons of trabecular and cortical bone, multiple structural/architectural parameters and finite element modelling (FEM) of the tibia from male and female STR/Ort and CBA mice at 8-10 (pre-OA), 18-20 (OA onset) and 40+ weeks (advanced OA) of age...
March 28, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580197/identifying-youth-at-risk-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation-within-child-advocacy-centers-a-statewide-pilot-study
#6
Tiffany West Brandt, Teresa Lind, Alayna Schreier, Chad M Sievers, Teresa L Kramer
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a social problem in the United States that has recently received growing attention from policy makers, advocates, and researchers. Despite increasing awareness of this issue, information on the prevalence, demographic profile, and psychosocial needs of victims of CSEC is scarce. To better understand the scope of CSEC and to examine the feasibility of screening for CSEC in Child Advocacy Centers (CACs), a pilot study was initiated through Arkansas Building Effective Services for Trauma (ARBEST) to identify youth who may be at risk for commercial sexual exploitation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558256/exploring-mental-health-and-substance-use-treatment-needs-of-commercially-sexually-exploited-youth-participating-in-a-specialty-juvenile-court
#7
Mekeila C Cook, Elizabeth Barnert, Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Kayleen Ports, Eraka Bath
The study sought to: 1) describe the mental health and substance use profiles among participants of a specialty trafficking court program (the Succeed Though Achievement and Resilience Court); 2) describe youths' mental health and substance use treatment prior to participating in the program; and 3) examine whether abuse influences report of mental health problems and/or substance use. Retrospective case review of court files was performed on commercially sexually exploited youth who volunteered to participate in the court from 2012 to 2014 (N = 184)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553138/interferon-%C3%AE-induced-in-female-genital-epithelium-by-hiv-1-glycoprotein-120-via-toll-like-receptor-2-pathway-acts-to-protect-the-mucosal-barrier
#8
Aisha Nazli, Sara Dizzell, Muhammad Atif Zahoor, Victor H Ferreira, Jessica Kafka, Matthew William Woods, Michel Ouellet, Ali A Ashkar, Michel J Tremblay, Dawn Me Bowdish, Charu Kaushic
More than 40% of HIV infections occur via female reproductive tract (FRT) through heterosexual transmission. Epithelial cells that line the female genital mucosa are the first line of defense against HIV-1 and other sexually transmitted pathogens. These sentient cells recognize and respond to external stimuli by induction of a range of carefully balanced innate immune responses. Previously, we have shown that in response to HIV-1 gp120, the genital epithelial cells (GECs) from upper reproductive tract induce an inflammatory response that may facilitate HIV-1 translocation and infection...
March 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518168/psychological-consequences-of-child-trafficking-an-historical-cohort-study-of-trafficked-children-in-contact-with-secondary-mental-health-services
#9
Livia Ottisova, Patrick Smith, Hitesh Shetty, Daniel Stahl, Johnny Downs, Sian Oram
BACKGROUND: Child trafficking is the recruitment and movement of people aged younger than 18 for the purposes of exploitation. Research on the mental health of trafficked children is limited, and little is known about the use of mental health services by this group. This study aimed to investigate the mental health and service use characteristics of trafficked children in contact with mental health services in England. METHODS & FINDINGS: The study employed an historical cohort design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515914/making-sense-of-child-early-and-forced-marriage-among-syrian-refugee-girls-a-mixed-methods-study-in-lebanon
#10
Susan Andrea Bartels, Saja Michael, Sophie Roupetz, Stephanie Garbern, Lama Kilzar, Harveen Bergquist, Nour Bakhache, Colleen Davison, Annie Bunting
Introduction: The Syrian conflict has resulted in over 2.3 million child refugees in the Middle East and the prevalence of early marriage has reportedly increased among displaced Syrian families. This study explores the underlying factors contributing to child marriage among Syrian refugees in Lebanon with the goal of informing community-based strategies to address the issue. Methods: In July-August 2016, trained interviewers collected self-interpreted stories in Lebanon using Cognitive Edge's SenseMaker, a mixed-method data collection tool...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510767/review-principles-of-maximizing-bull-semen-production-at-genetic-centers
#11
J L Schenk
Knowledge of the capabilities and limitations of the reproductive capacity of bulls is vital in maximizing reproductive efficiencies. Bull semen collection guidelines established by researchers and industry personnel to maximize the sperm harvest from bulls have been evolving for more than 60 years. Today, a mature artificial insemination industry employs those strategies to meet demands. These efficient management schemes exploit the reproductive potential of each sire while minimizing the associated risk of injury to bulls and reduce associated production costs...
March 7, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490963/exploiting-science-a-systematic-analysis-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinic-websites-marketing-of-stem-cell-therapies
#12
Blake Murdoch, Amy Zarzeczny, Timothy Caulfield
OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and qualitative characteristics of stem cell-related marketing claims made on websites of clinics featuring common types of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners. The involvement of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners in the marketing of stem cell therapies and stem cell-related interventions is understudied. This research explores the extent to which they are involved and collaborate with medical professionals. This knowledge will help with identifying and evaluating potential policy responses to this growing market...
February 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490317/child-sexual-exploitation-cautionary-lessons-from-england
#13
Anish Raj
[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2018-03.asp].
March 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488829/is-tourism-marriage-of-young-girls-in-egypt-a-form-of-child-sexual-abuse-a-family-exploitation-perspective
#14
Hussein Hassan Soliman, Nagwa Ibrahim Alsharqawi, Mustafa Ahmed Younis
Tourism marriage in Egypt is considered a part of the child marriage phenomenon, as parents following false interpretations of Islamic teachings offer up their daughters for short-term sexual relationships in return for money from tourists. This exploratory study used qualitative methods to interview 42 parents who reside in the city of Darasa, Giza, Egypt, whose daughters were persuaded to engage in tourism marriage. Eight social work students utilized an interview guide that contained 10 questions exploring how parents strike deals with tourists and avoid all legal and traditional procedures of marriage in Egypt...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486349/predicting-running-away-in-girls-who-are-victims-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#15
Alexandra R Hershberger, Jasmyn Sanders, Crisanna Chick, Megan Jessup, Hugh Hanlin, Melissa A Cyders
Youth that are victims of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) have a host of clinical problems and often run away from home, residential care, and treatment, which complicates and limits treatment effectiveness. No research to date has attempted to predict running away in CSEC victims. The present study aimed to 1) characterize a clinically referred sample of girls who were victims of CSEC and compare them to other high-risk girls (i.e., girls who also have a history of trauma and running away, but deny CSEC); and 2) examine the utility of using the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) to predict future running away...
February 24, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485709/hiv-risks-and-needs-related-to-the-sustainable-development-goals-among-female-sex-workers-who-were-commercially-sexually-exploited-as-children-in-lesotho
#16
Ashley Grosso, Shianne Busch, Tampose Mothopeng, Stephanie Sweitzer, John Nkonyana, Nkomile Mpooa, Noah Taruberekera, Stefan Baral
INTRODUCTION: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) about gender equality; decent work; and peace, justice, and strong institutions include a focus on eradicating trafficking and sexual exploitation of and violence against women and children. In Lesotho, 86% of women have experienced gender-based violence. In addition, overall HIV prevalence is among the highest globally, and higher among adolescent girls than boys. Moreover, nearly three quarters of female sex workers (FSW) are estimated to be living with HIV in Lesotho...
February 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448906/violence-and-abuse-in-rural-older-women-s-lives-a-life-course-perspective
#17
Karen A Roberto, Brandy Renee McCann
Intimate partner violence in later life includes physical, psychological, sexual, and financial abuse. Although some researchers have investigated how women in long-term violent partnerships cope with abuse, little is known about the history, experiences, and needs of older women who leave abusive relationships. From a feminist, life course perspective, we interviewed 10 women who had left their abusive partners later in life. We used qualitative methods to analyze the data and found four major themes: (a) the women used the past to account for abuse in their relationships later in life, (b) recognizing abuse signaled to the women to fight back and exit the relationship, (c) financial abuse and exploitation affected women's mental and physical health, and (d) rebuilding was especially challenging as the women faced their future alone with financial, physical, or mental health problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426844/the-impact-of-reconstructed-soils-following-oil-sands-exploitation-on-aspen-and-its-associated-belowground-microbiome
#18
Franck Stefani, Nathalie Isabel, Marie-Josée Morency, Manuel Lamothe, Simon Nadeau, Denis Lachance, Edith H Y Li, Charles Greer, Étienne Yergeau, Bradley D Pinno, Armand Séguin
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of different soil covers used to reclaim decommissioned oil sands mining sites on the genetic diversity of aspen and their associated belowground microbiota. Aspen genotyping showed that trees mostly originated from sexual reproduction on sites reclaimed with soil covers made of upland forest floor-mineral mix (FFMM) and lowland peat-mineral mix (PMM). In contrast, most individuals in mature and burned stands sampled as benchmarks for natural disturbances originated from vegetative reproduction...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422230/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-health-care-use-and-case-characteristics
#19
Gail Hornor, Jennifer Sherfield
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric health care utilization, familial psychosocial factors, child sexual abuse case characteristics, and patient demographic characteristics of adolescents prior to or at the time of their most recent identification as a victim of commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the above detailed information of all adolescents presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) or Child Advocacy Center (CAC) of a pediatric hospital with concerns of suspected CSEC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415153/intraspecific-ecological-niche-divergence-and-reproductive-shifts-foster-cytotype-displacement-and-provide-ecological-opportunity-to-polyploids
#20
Piyal Karunarathne, Mara Schedler, Eric J Martínez, Ana I Honfi, Anastasiia Novichkova, Diego Hojsgaard
Background and Aims: Niche divergence between polyploids and their lower ploidy progenitors is one of the primary mechanisms fostering polyploid establishment and adaptive divergence. However, within-species chromosomal and reproductive variability have usually been neglected in community ecology and biodiversity analyses even though they have been recognized to play a role in the adaptive diversification of lineages. Methods: We used Paspalum intermedium, a grass species with diverging genetic systems (diploidy vs...
February 3, 2018: Annals of Botany
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