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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448906/violence-and-abuse-in-rural-older-women-s-lives-a-life-course-perspective
#1
Karen A Roberto, Brandy Renee McCann
Intimate partner violence in later life includes physical, psychological, sexual, and financial abuse. Although some researchers have investigated how women in long-term violent partnerships cope with abuse, little is known about the history, experiences, and needs of older women who leave abusive relationships. From a feminist, life course perspective, we interviewed 10 women who had left their abusive partners later in life. We used qualitative methods to analyze the data and found four major themes: (a) the women used the past to account for abuse in their relationships later in life, (b) recognizing abuse signaled to the women to fight back and exit the relationship, (c) financial abuse and exploitation affected women's mental and physical health, and (d) rebuilding was especially challenging as the women faced their future alone with financial, physical, or mental health problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426844/the-impact-of-reconstructed-soils-following-oil-sands-exploitation-on-aspen-and-its-associated-belowground-microbiome
#2
Franck Stefani, Nathalie Isabel, Marie-Josée Morency, Manuel Lamothe, Simon Nadeau, Denis Lachance, Edith H Y Li, Charles Greer, Étienne Yergeau, Bradley D Pinno, Armand Séguin
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of different soil covers used to reclaim decommissioned oil sands mining sites on the genetic diversity of aspen and their associated belowground microbiota. Aspen genotyping showed that trees mostly originated from sexual reproduction on sites reclaimed with soil covers made of upland forest floor-mineral mix (FFMM) and lowland peat-mineral mix (PMM). In contrast, most individuals in mature and burned stands sampled as benchmarks for natural disturbances originated from vegetative reproduction...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422230/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-health-care-use-and-case-characteristics
#3
Gail Hornor, Jennifer Sherfield
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric health care utilization, familial psychosocial factors, child sexual abuse case characteristics, and patient demographic characteristics of adolescents prior to or at the time of their most recent identification as a victim of commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the above detailed information of all adolescents presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) or Child Advocacy Center (CAC) of a pediatric hospital with concerns of suspected CSEC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415153/intraspecific-ecological-niche-divergence-and-reproductive-shifts-foster-cytotype-displacement-and-provide-ecological-opportunity-to-polyploids
#4
Piyal Karunarathne, Mara Schedler, Eric J Martínez, Ana I Honfi, Anastasiia Novichkova, Diego Hojsgaard
Background and Aims: Niche divergence between polyploids and their lower ploidy progenitors is one of the primary mechanisms fostering polyploid establishment and adaptive divergence. However, within-species chromosomal and reproductive variability have usually been neglected in community ecology and biodiversity analyses even though they have been recognized to play a role in the adaptive diversification of lineages. Methods: We used Paspalum intermedium, a grass species with diverging genetic systems (diploidy vs...
February 3, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402241/trial-protocol-a-parallel-group-individually-randomized-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-a-mobile-phone-application-to-improve-sexual-health-among-youth-in-stockholm-county
#5
Anna Nielsen, Ayesha De Costa, Aspasia Bågenholm, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Gaetano Marrone, Jens Boman, Mariano Salazar, Vinod Diwan
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is a major public health problem worldwide affecting mostly youth. Sweden introduced an opportunistic screening approach in 1982 accompanied by treatment, partner notification and case reporting. After an initial decline in infection rate till the mid-90s, the number of reported cases has increased over the last two decades and has now stabilized at a high level of 37,000 reported cases in Sweden per year (85% of cases in youth). Sexual risk-taking among youth is also reported to have significantly increased over the last 20 years...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394893/influence-of-indoor-work-environments-on-health-safety-and-human-rights-among-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-guatemala-mexico-border-a-call-for-occupational-health-and-safety-interventions
#6
Shira M Goldenberg, Teresita Rocha Jiménez, Kimberly C Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border...
February 2, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385565/perception-of-sexual-ramification-among-women-toward-male-doctors-in-today-s-indian-society
#7
Ramesh Nagarajappa, Salil Bapat, Kailash Asawa, Hemasha Daryani, Vivek Vardhan Gupta, Pulkit Chaturvedi, Hitendra Jain
The objective of the study was to assess the perception of women patients toward attitude of health professionals who have undergone physical examination.A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,257 women. A self-administered structured questionnaire comprising of 16 questions was designed to assess perception of patients toward attitude of health professionals.Mean perception scores of the study population were 19.79 ± 1.78. Women in the age group of 29-38 years had a greater perception (20...
January 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371303/child-sexual-exploitation-in-coronation-street
#8
Nathan Hodson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361198/food-provisioning-in-magellanic-penguins-as-inferred-from-stable-isotope-ratios
#9
Javier E Ciancio, Pablo Yorio, Rory Wilson, Esteban Frere
RATIONALE: Food provisioning is considered one of the main traits affecting offspring fitness. Differences in food provisioning between sexes, particularly in dimorphic species, could affect the amount and type of food provided, due to differences in the amount of food carried to the nest as a result of differential resources exploitation. Quantitative evidence for sexual differences in food provisioning by parents in penguins is scarce. The Magellanic penguin is moderately sexually dimorphic and breeds along a broad latitudinal range, with birds north and south of this range being essentially dietary specialists while those at intermediate latitudes consuming a more diverse diet...
January 23, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352679/inter-sexual-habitat-and-isotopic-niche-segregation-of-the-endangered-monteiro-s-storm-petrel-during-breeding
#10
V H Paiva, J A Ramos, C Nava, V Neves, J Bried, M Magalhães
At-sea distribution and trophic ecology of small seabird species (i.e.<100 g) is far less known when compared to their larger relatives. We studied the habitat use (spatial ecology) and isotopic niches (trophic ecology) of the endangered Monteiro's storm-petrel Hydrobates monteiroi during the incubation and chick-rearing periods of 2013. There was a sexual foraging segregation of Monteiro's storm-petrels during the breeding period (tracking data) but also during the non-breeding stage (stable isotope analysis)...
December 30, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336511/differential-visual-ornamentation-between-brood-parasitic-and-parental-cuckoos
#11
Masaru Hasegawa, Emi Arai
The evolution of brood parasitism should affect adult phenotypic traits due to sexual selection as well as the parasite-host interactions, though it is rarely focused on. Sexual selection theory predicts extravagant secondary sexual characteristics in brood parasites while immature-like modest sexual characteristics in parental species. This is because juvenile-like immature traits can attract mates by exploiting parental care for young (i.e. attraction to young), and because the good parent process, which favors traits that signal parental care ability, would constrain the evolution of costly secondary sexual characteristics due to evolutionary tradeoffs between parental investment and sexually selected traits...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310476/development-of-a-case-formulation-model-for-individuals-who-have-viewed-distributed-and-or-shared-child-sexual-exploitation-material
#12
Hannah L Merdian, Derek E Perkins, Elspeth Dustagheer, Emily Glorney
Increases in the number of arrests of individuals who download or distribute Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) have highlighted a need to further understand the offending pathways of this offender group. This article describes the development of an aetiological model specific to CSEM offending. Individuals who had viewed, distributed, and/or shared CSEM ( n = 20) were interviewed regarding their life and sexual history, relationships, substance use, offending details, and circumstances leading to their CSEM offending, resulting in seven superordinate themes: Developmental Context, Individual Propensities (risk-related and risk-protective) and Psychological Vulnerabilities, Personal Circumstances, Permission-Giving Thoughts, Internet Environment and Behaviour, Evaluation of Consequences for the Individual, and Desistance...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299300/an-integrative-mating-system-assessment-of-a-nonmodel-economically-important-pacific-rockfish-sebastes-melanops-reveals-nonterritorial-polygamy-and-conservation-implications-for-a-large-species-flock
#13
Kurt W Karageorge, Raymond R Wilson
Characterizing the mating systems of long-lived, economically important Pacific rockfishes comprising the viviparous Sebastes species flock is crucial for their conservation. However, direct assignment of mating success to sires is precluded by open, offshore populations and high female fecundity. We addressed this challenge by integrating paternity-assigned mating success of females with the adult sex ratio (ASR) of the population, male evolutionary responses to receptive females, and reproductive life history traits-in the framework of sexual selection theory-to assess the mating system of Sebastes melanops...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#14
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294934/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-abuse-and-mental-health-among-latina-intimate-partner-violence-survivors-in-the-united-states
#15
America L Davila, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus
Currently, Latinos constitute the second largest and fastest growing minority group in the United States. Among this population, one in every six Latinas experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime. Research has documented significant detrimental effects of physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological IPV on the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of various cultural/ethnic groups; however, few studies have focused on economic abuse, which may include tactics of economic control, economic exploitation, and employment sabotage...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294856/uncovering-indicators-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#16
Dawn Bounds, Kathleen R Delaney, Wrenetha Julion, Susan Breitenstein
It is estimated that annually 100,000 to 300,000 youth are at risk for sex trafficking; a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or any such act where the person induced to perform such an act is younger than 18 years of age. Increasingly, such transactions are occurring online via Internet-based sites that serve the commercial sex industry. Commercial sex transactions involving trafficking are illegal; thus, Internet discussions between those involved must be veiled. Even so, transactions around sex trafficking do occur...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283892/school-nurses-awareness-and-attitudes-toward-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#17
Hannah E Fraley, Teri Aronowitz, Emily J Jones
Human trafficking is a global, multibillion-dollar industry. Most victims are female and more than half are children. At-risk youth continue to attend school with school nurses on the frontline of this health crisis. Using the Peace and Power Conceptual Model, a mixed-methods study was conducted to explore school nurses' awareness, attitudes, and role perceptions in the prevention of commercial sexual exploitation of children. Six peace-power versus power-over power themes and 4 subthemes were identified: "exposure/knowledge, "collaboration," "role boundaries," and "creating respite space...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273113/effects-of-a-social-empowerment-intervention-on-economic-vulnerability-for-adolescent-refugee-girls-in-ethiopia
#18
Lindsay Stark, Ilana Seff, Asham Assezenew, Jennate Eoomkham, Kathryn Falb, Fred M Ssewamala
PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of a girls' social empowerment program, Creating Opportunities through Mentoring, Parental Involvement and Safe Spaces, on economic vulnerability of participating adolescent refugee girls in Ethiopia. METHODS: Adolescents aged 13-19 years from three refugee camps were randomly assigned to either a treatment (n = 457) or control (n = 462) condition. Participants in the treatment condition received 40 fixed-curriculum, mentor-facilitated sessions once a week over a period of 10 months, whereas those in the control condition were not exposed to the curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248085/recommendations-on-arresting-global-health-challenges-facing-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The health challenges faced by young people are more complex than adults and can compromise their full growth and development. Attention must be paid to the health of this age group, yet adolescents and youth remain largely invisible and often disappear from the major global datasets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss the global health challenges faced by adolescents and youth, global legislations and guidelines pertaining to this particular age group, recommendations to arrest these challenges, and research priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247831/persuasion-strategies-and-sexual-solicitations-and-interactions-in-online-sexual-grooming-of-adolescents-modeling-direct-and-indirect-pathways
#20
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Carmen Almendros, Esther Calvete, Patricia De Santisteban
Online sexual grooming and exploitation of adolescents is receiving increasing social attention. Drawing on a social influence framework, the aim of this study was to test a model of the direct and mediated relationships between an adult's use of persuasion strategies and online sexual grooming of early adolescents. The initial sample of the study consisted of 2731 early Spanish adolescents between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). Of these, 196 adolescents (7.17% of the total; 53% girls) were involved in online grooming (mean age = 14...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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