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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620321/treating-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-female-victims-of-trafficking-using-narrative-exposure-therapy-a-retrospective-audit
#1
Katy Robjant, Jackie Roberts, Cornelius Katona
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery that involves the forced movement of people internally within countries, or externally across borders. Victims who are trafficked for sexual exploitation are subject to repeated, multiple trauma, and high rates of mental health problems including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found. Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an evidence-based treatment for PTSD. METHODS: In this retrospective audit, we record the results of NET to treat 10 women who had been trafficked for sexual exploitation who were diagnosed with PTSD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#2
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616075/proximity-ligation-scaffolding-and-comparison-of-two-trichoderma-reesei-strains-genomes
#3
Etienne Jourdier, Lyam Baudry, Dante Poggi-Parodi, Yoan Vicq, Romain Koszul, Antoine Margeot, Martial Marbouty, Frédérique Bidard
BACKGROUND: The presence of low complexity and repeated regions in genomes often results in difficulties to assemble sequencing data into full chromosomes. However, the availability of full genome scaffolds is essential to several investigations, regarding for instance the evolution of entire clades, the analysis of chromosome rearrangements, and is pivotal to sexual crossing studies. In non-conventional but industrially relevant model organisms, such as the ascomycete Trichoderma reesei, a complete genome assembly is seldom available...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597816/sex-and-the-imperfect-fungi
#4
Paul S Dyer, Ulrich Kück
Approximately 20% of species in the fungal kingdom are only known to reproduce by asexual means despite the many supposed advantages of sexual reproduction. However, in recent years, sexual cycles have been induced in a series of emblematic "asexual" species. We describe how these discoveries were made, building on observations of evidence for sexual potential or "cryptic sexuality" from population genetic analyses; the presence, distribution, and functionality of mating-type genes; genome analyses revealing the presence of genes linked to sexuality; the functionality of sex-related genes; and formation of sex-related developmental structures...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591211/dispersal-strategies-in-the-highly-polygynous-ant-crematogaster-orthocrema-pygmaea-forel-formicidae-myrmicinae
#5
Rachid Hamidi, Jean-Christophe de Biseau, Thomas Bourguignon, Glauco Bezerra Martins Segundo, Matheus Torres Marinho Bezerril Fontenelle, Yves Quinet
In ants, dispersal strategies and morphology of female sexuals are generally linked to the mode of colony founding. In species using long-range dispersal tactics, queen/worker dimorphism is generally high and young queens are able to initiate new colonies by themselves, using their metabolic reserves. By contrast, in species using short-range dispersal strategies, queen/worker dimorphism is generally low and, due to their limited metabolic reserves, queens have lost the capacity to raise their brood alone and to found their colony independently...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584144/peptide-inhibitors-targeting-the-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-pivotal-anaerobic-respiration-factor-ania
#6
Aleksandra E Sikora, Robert H Mills, Jacob V Weber, Adel Hamza, Bryan W Passow, Andrew Romaine, Zachary A Williamson, Robert W Reed, Ryszard A Zielke, Konstantin V Korotkov
Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea, which is highly prevalent worldwide and has a major impact on reproductive and neonatal health. The "superbug" status of N. gonorrhoeae necessitates development of drugs with different mechanisms of action. Here, we focused on targeting the nitrite reductase AniA, which is a pivotal component of N. gonorrhoeae anaerobic respiration and biofilm formation. Our studies showed that gonococci expressing AniA containing altered catalytic residues, D137A and H280A, failed to grow under anaerobic conditions demonstrating that the nitrite reductase function is essential...
June 5, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575266/incidence-of-elder-abuse-in-a-u-s-chinese-population-findings-from-the-longitudinal-cohort-pine-study
#7
XinQi Dong, Bei Wang
Background: Elder abuse (EA) is a global public health issue. However, no prior longitudinal research has quantified the incidence of EA, which is critical to understand risk factors and future prevention strategies. Methods: The study is based on a longitudinal cohort design. We followed 2,713 U.S. Chinese older adults who agreed to participate in the study within 2011 to 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding the 2-year incidence of EA and its subtypes...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572630/environmentally-driven-sexual-segregation-in-a-marine-top-predator
#8
Vitor H Paiva, Justin Pereira, Filipe R Ceia, Jaime A Ramos
Sexual segregation in foraging occurs in many animal species, resulting in the partitioning of resources and reduction of competition between males and females, yet the patterns and drivers of such segregation are still poorly understood. We studied the foraging movements (GPS-tracking), habitat use (habitat modelling) and trophic ecology (stable isotope analysis) of female and male Cory's shearwaters Calonectris borealis during the mid chick-rearing period of six consecutive breeding seasons (2010-2015). We found a clear sexual segregation in foraging in years of greater environmental stochasticity, likely years of lower food availability...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562723/-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-meanings-and-practices-of-people-who-work-and-reside-in-downtown-medellin-colombia-2015
#9
Diego Alejandro Ossa-Estrada, Iván Felipe Muñoz-Echeverri
The commercial sexual exploitation of children is a public health problem and a serious violation of the rights of children and adolescents. The response to this problem has been affected by the meanings and practices of the actors involved. In order to contribute to a better understanding of the problem, a qualitative social study using a grounded theory approach was carried out between 2014 and 2015. The aim was to understand the meanings and practices regarding this issue of people who spend time in an area of the city center with a high presence of commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559416/in-vitro-expansion-of-mouse-primordial-germ-cell-like-cells-recapitulates-an-epigenetic-blank-slate
#10
Hiroshi Ohta, Kazuki Kurimoto, Ikuhiro Okamoto, Tomonori Nakamura, Yukihiro Yabuta, Hidetaka Miyauchi, Takuya Yamamoto, Yukiko Okuno, Masatoshi Hagiwara, Kenjiro Shirane, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Mitinori Saitou
The expansion of primordial germ cells (PGCs), the precursors for the oocytes and spermatozoa, is a key challenge in reproductive biology/medicine. Using a chemical screening exploiting PGC-like cells (PGCLCs) induced from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we here identify key signaling pathways critical for PGCLC proliferation. We show that the combinatorial application of Forskolin and Rolipram, which stimulate cAMP signaling via different mechanisms, expands PGCLCs up to ~50-fold in culture. The expanded PGCLCs maintain robust capacity for spermatogenesis, rescuing the fertility of infertile mice...
May 30, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542850/reproductive-biology-of-black-seabream-acanthopagrus-schlegelii-threadfin-porgy-evynnis-cardinalis-and-red-pargo-pagrus-major-in-the-northern-south-china-sea-with-consideration-of-fishery-status-and-management-needs
#11
C S W Law, Y Sadovy de Mitcheson
The reproductive biology of three commercially significant seabream species (family: Sparidae) Acanthopagrus schlegelii, Evynnis cardinalis and Pagrus major, taken from Hong Kong and adjacent northern South China Sea (SCS) waters, were investigated for their sexual patterns, spawning seasons, length at maturity and exploitation in relation to their conservation and management status. Histological analysis showed E. cardinalis and P. major to be functionally gonochoristic, the latter having a bisexual juvenile stage and being a rudimentary hermaphrodite...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#12
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#13
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479995/genetic-structure-among-greater-white-fronted-goose-populations-of-the-pacific-flyway
#14
Craig R Ely, Robert E Wilson, Sandra L Talbot
An understanding of the genetic structure of populations in the wild is essential for long-term conservation and stewardship in the face of environmental change. Knowledge of the present-day distribution of genetic lineages (phylogeography) of a species is especially important for organisms that are exploited or utilize habitats that may be jeopardized by human intervention, including climate change. Here, we describe mitochondrial (mtDNA) and nuclear genetic (microsatellite) diversity among three populations of a migratory bird, the greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons), which breeds discontinuously in western and southwestern Alaska and winters in the Pacific Flyway of North America...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#15
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440293/exploiting-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-macrophages-to-unravel-host-factors-influencing-chlamydia-trachomatis-pathogenesis
#16
Amy T Y Yeung, Christine Hale, Amy H Lee, Erin E Gill, Wendy Bushell, David Parry-Smith, David Goulding, Derek Pickard, Theodoros Roumeliotis, Jyoti Choudhary, Nick Thomson, William C Skarnes, Gordon Dougan, Robert E W Hancock
Chlamydia trachomatis remains a leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections and preventable blindness worldwide. There are, however, limited in vitro models to study the role of host genetics in the response of macrophages to this obligate human pathogen. Here, we describe an approach using macrophages derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSdMs) to study macrophage-Chlamydia interactions in vitro. We show that iPSdMs support the full infectious life cycle of C. trachomatis in a manner that mimics the infection of human blood-derived macrophages...
April 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437730/the-practice-of-prosecuting-child-maltreatment-results-of-an-online-survey-of-prosecutors
#17
Theodore P Cross, Debra Whitcomb
Despite efforts by advocates, practitioners, and legislators to alleviate the burden on child maltreatment victims in the criminal justice system, many challenges remain for prosecutors as they seek to hold offenders accountable while minimizing the emotional impact on children. More than 200 state and local prosecutors in 37 states responded to an online survey to share their perspectives on current challenges, procedures to support children in the adjudication process, and the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court opinion in Crawford v...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#18
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394150/mental-health-services-as-a-vital-component-of-psychosocial-recovery-for-victims-of-child-trafficking-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#19
Yvonne Rafferty
There has been a plethora of outcomes associated with child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation; however little attention has been paid to how outcomes are addressed for children who are placed into residential aftercare recovery programs following their identification as victims. Field-based qualitative research was undertaken in South and Southeast Asia, and involved interviews with 213 representatives from U.N. and governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and residential aftercare recovery programs...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341299/adopting-a-public-health-approach-to-addressing-child-sexual-abuse-and-exploitation
#20
Marcellina Mian, Delphine Collin-Vézina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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