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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820704/the-price-of-peace-peacekeeping-with-impunity-harms-public-health-in-haiti
#1
Louise C Ivers, Yodeline Guillaume
In April, 2017, the United Nations (UN) announced that it will withdraw peacekeeping soldiers from Haiti after 13 years there.(1) Known by its French acronym MINUSTAH, the mission has been controversial in security terms, but in terms of public health, it is not controversial to state that peacekeepers will be leaving a heavy mark on the health of Haitians. The UN has acknowledged that peacekeeping soldiers were responsible for both the introduction of cholera (which sparked a nationwide epidemic) and the sexual abuse and exploitation of Haitians, including minors...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797913/commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth Barnert, Zarah Iqbal, Janine Bruce, Arash Anoshiravani, Gauri Kolhatkar, Jordan Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796297/transfer-of-tomato-immune-receptor-ve1-confers-ave1-dependent-verticillium-resistance-in-tobacco-and-cotton
#3
Yin Song, Linlin Liu, Yidong Wang, Dirk-Jan Valkenburg, Xianlong Zhang, Longfu Zhu, Bart P H J Thomma
Verticillium wilts caused by soil-borne fungal species of the Verticillium genus are economically important plant diseases that affect a wide range of host plants, and are notoriously difficult to combat. Perception of pathogen(-induced) ligands by plant immune receptors is a key component of plant innate immunity. In tomato, race-specific resistance to Verticillium wilt is governed by the cell surface-localized immune receptor Ve1 through recognition of the effector protein Ave1 that is secreted by race 1 strains of Verticillium spp...
August 10, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791254/transcriptional-profiling-defines-histone-acetylation-as-a-regulator-of-gene-expression-during-human-to-mosquito-transmission-of-the-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-falciparum
#4
Che J Ngwa, Meike J Kiesow, Olga Papst, Lindsey M Orchard, Michael Filarsky, Alina N Rosinski, Till S Voss, Manuel Llinás, Gabriele Pradel
Transmission of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum from the human to the mosquito is mediated by the intraerythrocytic gametocytes, which, once taken up during a blood meal, become activated to initiate sexual reproduction. Because gametocytes are the only parasite stages able to establish an infection in the mosquito, they are crucial for spreading the tropical disease. During gametocyte maturation, different repertoires of genes are switched on and off in a well-coordinated sequence, pointing to regulatory mechanisms of gene expression...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747104/indigenous-australian-women-s-colonial-sexual-intimacies-positioning-indigenous-women-s-agency
#5
Corrinne Tayce Sullivan
Colonialist views of Indigenous bodies and sexualities continue to affect Indigenous peoples worldwide. For Indigenous Australians, this burden has resulted in repression and oppression of power, sex and desire. Focusing on the sexual intimacies of Indigenous Australian women, this paper provides an account of the dominant Australian historical discourses, finding that Indigenous women were viewed as exotic, erotic, something to be desired, yet simultaneously something to be feared. Our sexualities were described as savage, promiscuous and primitive and we were often viewed as prostitutes with our voices and views constrained by patriarchal and imperial regimes of power...
July 27, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743879/network-centric-interventions-to-contain-the-syphilis-epidemic-in-san-francisco
#6
David Juher, Joan Saldaña, Robert Kohn, Kyle Bernstein, Caterina Scoglio
The number of reported early syphilis cases in San Francisco has increased steadily since 2005. It is not yet clear what factors are responsible for such an increase. A recent analysis of the sexual contact network of men who have sex with men with syphilis in San Francisco has discovered a large connected component, members of which have a significantly higher chance of syphilis and HIV compared to non-member individuals. This study investigates whether it is possible to exploit the existence of the largest connected component to design new notification strategies that can potentially contribute to reducing the number of cases...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725435/biogeophysical-and-physiological-processes-drive-movement-patterns-in-a-marine-predator
#7
Lucy A Howey, Bradley M Wetherbee, Emily R Tolentino, Mahmood S Shivji
BACKGROUND: Blue sharks (Prionace glauca) are among the most abundant and widely distributed of oceanic elasmobranchs. Millions are taken annually in pelagic longline fisheries and comprise the highest component of auctioned fin weight in the international shark fin trade. Though studies of blue sharks outnumber those of other large pelagic sharks, the species' complicated and sexually segregated life history still confound current understanding of Atlantic movement patterns. Lack of detailed information regarding movement and vertical behavior continues to limit management efforts that require such data for stock assessment and sustainable catch modeling...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715937/offense-processes-of-online-sexual-grooming-and-abuse-of-children-via-internet-communication-platforms
#8
Juliane A Kloess, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis, Anthony R Beech
The aim of the present study was to provide an inclusive and realistic account of the offense processes of naturally occurring, sexually exploitative interactions between offenders and victims that took place via Internet communication platforms, and develop an offense process diagram of online sexual grooming and abuse. Five case series, comprising 29 transcripts of 22 interactions, were analyzed using the qualitative approach of thematic analysis. Police reports were reviewed for descriptive and case-specific information...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714217/evolutionary-relationships-among-pollinators-and-repeated-pollinator-sharing-in-sexually-deceptive-orchids
#9
R D Phillips, G R Brown, K W Dixon, C Hayes, C C Linde, R Peakall
The mechanism of pollinator attraction is predicted to strongly influence both plant diversification and the extent of pollinator sharing between species. Sexually deceptive orchids rely on mimicry of species-specific sex pheromones to attract their insect pollinators. Given that sex pheromones tend to be conserved among related species, we predicted that in sexually deceptive orchids, (i) pollinator sharing is rare, (ii) closely related orchids use closely related pollinators and (iii) there is strong bias in the wasp lineages exploited by orchids...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700963/application-of-dip-strs-to-sexual-physical-assault-investigations-eight-case-reports
#10
Fabio Oldoni, Vincent Castella, Diana Hall
DIP-STRs are compound markers formed by a deletion/insertion polymorphism linked to a microsatellite. They enable the deconvolution of unbalanced DNA mixtures from two individuals, up to 1000 fold excess of one contributor. In practice, this novel tool allows to test for the presence of a DNA of interest in traces appearing not useful because of the masking effect of the major DNA contributor. Thus far two sets of DIP-STRs have been published: the first set was described as proof-of-principle, while the second set was specifically developed for forensic applications...
July 1, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697094/identifying-and-assisting-sexually-exploited-and-trafficked-patients-seeking-women-s-health-care-services
#11
Erin E Tracy, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
It is estimated that 21 million people are trafficked worldwide, including 11.4 million women and girls. Approximately 4.5 million are forced to do sexual labor. The exact prevalence of human trafficking is difficult to ascertain, however, given the limitations of data collection in an illegal industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists should not only be aware of the widespread nature of human trafficking, but also have the tools to assess patients for trafficking and respond to victim identifications. Patients may present with signs of physical abuse, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and nonspecific somatic complaints...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690714/trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-commercially-sexually-exploited-youth
#12
Judith A Cohen, Anthony P Mannarino, Kelly Kinnish
Commercially sexually exploited children and adolescents ("commercially exploited youth")present numerous clinical challenges that have led some mental health providers to question whether current evidence-based treatments are adequate to address the needs of this population. This paper 1) addresses commonalities between the trauma experiences, responses and treatment challenges of commercially exploited youth and those of youth with complex trauma; 2) highlights the importance of careful assessment to guide case conceptualization and treatment planning for commercially exploited youth; and 3) describes strategies for implementing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for complex trauma specific to these youth...
June 2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662128/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-two-isoforms-of-chalcone-synthase-and-their-expression-analysis-in-relation-to-flavonoid-constituents-in-grewia-asiatica-l
#13
Tareq A Wani, Shahzad A Pandith, Ajai P Gupta, Suresh Chandra, Namrata Sharma, Surrinder K Lattoo
Chalcone synthase constitutes a functionally diverse gene family producing wide range of flavonoids by catalyzing the initial step of the phenylpropanoid pathway. There is a pivotal role of flavonoids in pollen function as they are imperative for pollen maturation and pollen tube growth during sexual reproduction in flowering plants. Here we focused on medicinally important fruit-bearing shrub Grewia asiatica. It is a rich repository of flavonoids. The fruits are highly acclaimed for various putative health benefits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#14
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645226/the-fragile-spell-of-desire-a-functional-perspective-on-changes-in-sexual-desire-across-relationship-development
#15
Gurit E Birnbaum
The sexual behavioral system evolved to motivate reproductive acts by arousing sexual desire. Building on the idea that this system has also been "exploited" by evolutionary processes to promote enduring bonds between romantic partners, the present article introduces an integrative model that delineates the functional significance of sexual desire in relationship formation and maintenance. This model explains why individuals' sexual reaction to their partner is context-dependent, clarifying how changes in the nature of interdependence over the course of relationships alter the ways in which specific predictors of sexual desire tend to promote (or inhibit) desire and thereby affect relationship depth and stability...
June 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620321/treating-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-female-victims-of-trafficking-using-narrative-exposure-therapy-a-retrospective-audit
#16
Katy Robjant, Jackie Roberts, Cornelius Katona
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery that involves the forced movement of people internally within countries, or externally across borders. Victims who are trafficked for sexual exploitation are subject to repeated, multiple trauma, and high rates of mental health problems including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found. Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an evidence-based treatment for PTSD. METHODS: In this retrospective audit, we record the results of NET to treat 10 women who had been trafficked for sexual exploitation who were diagnosed with PTSD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618054/ethics-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-aged-care
#17
Catherine Cook, Vanessa Schouten, Mark Henrickson, Sandra Mcdonald
AIM: To analyse the accounts of staff, family and residents in order to advance ethical insights into intimacy and sexuality in residential care. BACKGROUND: Discourses of ageing readily construct people in residential aged care as post-sexual, vulnerable and at risk of sexual exploitation and therefore expressions of intimacy and sexuality may be responded to as deviant and inherently risky. Staff may manage decision-making tacitly, without recourse to policies and education...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616075/proximity-ligation-scaffolding-and-comparison-of-two-trichoderma-reesei-strains-genomes
#18
Etienne Jourdier, Lyam Baudry, Dante Poggi-Parodi, Yoan Vicq, Romain Koszul, Antoine Margeot, Martial Marbouty, Frédérique Bidard
BACKGROUND: The presence of low complexity and repeated regions in genomes often results in difficulties to assemble sequencing data into full chromosomes. However, the availability of full genome scaffolds is essential to several investigations, regarding for instance the evolution of entire clades, the analysis of chromosome rearrangements, and is pivotal to sexual crossing studies. In non-conventional but industrially relevant model organisms, such as the ascomycete Trichoderma reesei, a complete genome assembly is seldom available...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597816/sex-and-the-imperfect-fungi
#19
Paul S Dyer, Ulrich Kück
Approximately 20% of species in the fungal kingdom are only known to reproduce by asexual means despite the many supposed advantages of sexual reproduction. However, in recent years, sexual cycles have been induced in a series of emblematic "asexual" species. We describe how these discoveries were made, building on observations of evidence for sexual potential or "cryptic sexuality" from population genetic analyses; the presence, distribution, and functionality of mating-type genes; genome analyses revealing the presence of genes linked to sexuality; the functionality of sex-related genes; and formation of sex-related developmental structures...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591211/dispersal-strategies-in-the-highly-polygynous-ant-crematogaster-orthocrema-pygmaea-forel-formicidae-myrmicinae
#20
Rachid Hamidi, Jean-Christophe de Biseau, Thomas Bourguignon, Glauco Bezerra Martins Segundo, Matheus Torres Marinho Bezerril Fontenelle, Yves Quinet
In ants, dispersal strategies and morphology of female sexuals are generally linked to the mode of colony founding. In species using long-range dispersal tactics, queen/worker dimorphism is generally high and young queens are able to initiate new colonies by themselves, using their metabolic reserves. By contrast, in species using short-range dispersal strategies, queen/worker dimorphism is generally low and, due to their limited metabolic reserves, queens have lost the capacity to raise their brood alone and to found their colony independently...
2017: PloS One
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