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Sexual exploitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030885/phylogenetic-distribution-of-a-male-pheromone-that-may-exploit-a-nonsexual-preference-in-lampreys
#1
Tyler J Buchinger, Ugo Bussy, Ke Li, Huiyong Wang, Mar Huertas, Cindy F Baker, Liang Jia, Michael C Hayes, Weiming Li, Nicholas S Johnson
Pheromones are among the most important sexual signals used by organisms throughout the animal kingdom. However, few are identified in vertebrates, leaving the evolutionary mechanisms underlying vertebrate pheromones poorly understood. Pre-existing biases in receivers' perceptual systems shape visual and auditory signaling systems, but studies on how receiver biases influence the evolution of pheromone communication remain sparse. The lamprey Petromyzon marinus uses a relatively well-understood suite of pheromones and offers a unique opportunity to study the evolution of vertebrate pheromone communication...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985156/barriers-to-accessing-detox-facilities-substance-use-treatment-and-residential-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation-trafficking
#2
Lara B Gerassi
More than 50% of women entering substance use treatment in the U.S. reported having traded sex for money or drugs. Women's participation in addiction treatment and related services is essential to their recovery and increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. This paper's aim is to explore the barriers related to accessing detox facilities and essential services including substance use treatment and residential services for women impacted by commercial sexual exploitation (CSE). Data are drawn from a larger, community-based, grounded theory study...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980318/population-biology-of-the-little-gulper-shark-centrophorus-uyato-in-lebanese-waters
#3
M Lteif, R Mouawad, G Khalaf, P Lenfant, B Seret, M Verdoit-Jarraya
A total of 38 individuals of the heavily exploited little gulper shark Centrophorus uyato were collected from Lebanese coastal waters using bottom longlines and trammel nets of different meshes at depths ranging from 115 to 600 m between May 2013 and February 2014. Their total lengths were between 45 and 94 cm and their total mass was from 870 to 6700 g. The sex ratio was not significantly different from 1:1, with 20 males and 18 females, but bathymetric sexual segregation occurred. Catch per net setting (CNS) was used as a relative abundance index to detect spatial distribution; trammel nets showed largest CNS ranging from 4·9 to 5·45 kg per unit effort in the north and south, at depths from 120 to 200 m, during spring and summer...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965764/-methylthio-phenol-semiochemicals-are-exploited-by-deceptive-orchids-as-sexual-attractants-for-campylothynnus-thynnine-wasps
#4
Björn Bohman, Ryan D Phillips, Gavin R Flematti, Rod Peakall
Until recently, (methylthio)phenols as natural products had only been reported from bacteria. Now, four representatives of this class of sulfurous aromatic compounds have been discovered as semiochemicals in the orchid Caladenia crebra, which secures pollination by sexual deception. In this case, field bioassays confirmed that a 10:1 blend of 2-(methylthio)benzene-1,4-diol (1) and 4-hydroxy-3-(methylthio)benzaldehyde (2) sexually attracts the male thynnine wasp Campylothynnus flavopictus (Tiphiidae:Thynnineae), the exclusive pollinator of C...
September 28, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945674/trafficking-and-trauma-insight-and-advice-for-the-healthcare-system-from-sex-trafficked-women-incarcerated-on-rikers-island
#5
Anita Ravi, Megan R Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
BACKGROUND: Sex-trafficked persons experience significant trauma while exploited, resulting in complex health issues and barriers to health care. Incorporating survivor perspectives is critical in optimizing health care delivery for this population. OBJECTIVES: We interviewed sex-trafficking survivors regarding their experiences with trauma while being trafficked and elicited advice about health care delivery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative interviews were conducted in New York City's Rikers Island jail from July to September 2015...
September 22, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944037/clonal-structure-through-space-and-time-high-stability-in-the-holothurian-stichopus-chloronotus-echinodermata
#6
Agathe Pirog, Pauline Gélin, Alexandre Bédier, Grégoire Bianchetti, Stéphane Georget, Patrick Frouin, Hélène Magalon
Sea cucumbers are increasingly exploited for human consumption and for their curative properties, and many wild populations are now depleted or in danger of extinction. While aquaculture is seen as an alternative to fisheries and as a mean to restore wild populations, more knowledge is needed on their reproductive strategies to render this practice efficient, notably for fissiparous holothurians, which are some of the mobile animals able of asexual reproduction by transverse fission. Little information is available on their population genetic diversity and structure...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939730/adolescent-victims-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation-versus-sexually-abused-adolescents
#7
Jon A Shaw, John E Lewis, Harvey A Chitiva, Andrew R Pangilinan
We have discovered in our clinical review that sexually abused girls have significantly better therapeutic outcomes than girls who have been victims of sex trafficking. Thus, we compared the mental health records of 25 adolescent female victims of commercial sexual exploitation with a group of 25 girls with a history of sexual abuse matched for age. Exclusion criteria included IQ <70, organicity, and psychosis. Victims of sexual exploitation were more likely to be in foster care; to have arrests, suspensions from school, and a history of running away; to abuse drugs; to be more impaired in social and school activities; to be withdrawn and depressed; to manifest social and thought problems and aggressive and rule-breaking behaviors; and to have a diagnosis of mood or conduct disorder or both...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934053/the-peace-and-power-conceptual-model-an-assessment-guide-for-school-nurses-regarding-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#8
Hannah E Fraley, Teri Aronowitz
Human trafficking is a global problem; more than half of all victims are children. In the United States (US), at-risk youth continue to attend school. School nurses are on the frontlines, presenting a window of opportunity to identify and prevent exploitation. Available papers targeting school nurses report that school nurses may lack awareness of commercial sexual exploitation and may have attitudes and misperceptions about behaviors of school children at risk. This is a theoretical paper applying the Peace and Power Conceptual Model to understand the role of school nurses in commercial sexual exploitation of children...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904381/sexual-size-dimorphism-modulates-the-trade-off-between-exploiting-food-and-wind-resources-in-a-large-avian-scavenger
#9
Pablo A E Alarcón, Juan M Morales, José A Donázar, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Fernando Hiraldo, Sergio A Lambertucci
Animals are expected to synchronize activity routines with the temporal patterns at which resources appear in nature. Accordingly, species that depend on resources showing temporally mismatched patterns should be expected to schedule routines that balance the chances of exploiting each of them. Large avian scavengers depend on carcasses which are more likely available early in the morning, but they also depend on wind resources (i.e. uplifts) to subside flight which are stronger in afternoon hours. To understand how these birds deal with this potential trade-off, we studied the daily routines of GPS-tagged individuals of the world's largest terrestrial soaring scavenger, the Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895803/-otis-a-case-study-of-an-online-attempt-to-purchase-children-for-sex
#10
Stacey Diane A Litam, Jesse Edward Bach
The researchers analyzed court documents to develop a case study of an individual convicted of buying sexual services from exploited children. Findings indicate that the subject deviates from preexisting victim selection processes and demonstrates characteristics inconsistent with existing sexual offender typologies that likens offender behaviors to the hunting techniques and behaviors of predatory animals. As evidenced in the case study, the individual perceived the victims solely as a means of deviant sexual satiation and did not participate in traditionally established victim acquisition techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870457/a-fluorogenic-c-neoformans-reporter-strain-with-a-robust-expression-of-m-cherry-expressed-from-a-safe-haven-site-in-the-genome
#11
Rajendra Upadhya, Woei C Lam, Brian T Maybruck, Maureen J Donlin, Andrew L Chang, Sarah Kayode, Kate L Ormerod, James A Fraser, Tamara L Doering, Jennifer K Lodge
C. neoformans is an encapsulated fungal pathogen with defined asexual and sexual life cycles. Due to the availability of genetic and molecular tools for its manipulation, it has become a model organism for studies of fungal pathogens, even though it lacks a reliable system for maintaining DNA fragments as extrachromosomal plasmids. To compensate for this deficiency, we identified a genomic gene-free intergenic region where heterologous DNA could be inserted by homologous recombination without adverse effects on the phenotype of the recipient strain...
September 12, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863730/the-challenges-of-identifying-and-classifying-child-sexual-abuse-material
#12
Juliane A Kloess, Jessica Woodhams, Helen Whittle, Tim Grant, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis
The aim of the present study was to (a) assess the reliability with which indecent images of children (IIOC) are classified as being of an indecent versus nonindecent nature, and (b) examine in detail the decision-making process engaged in by law enforcement personnel who undertake the difficult task of identifying and classifying IIOC as per the current legislative offense categories. One experienced researcher and four employees from a police force in the United Kingdom coded an extensive amount of IIOC ( n = 1,212-2,233) to determine if they (a) were deemed to be of an indecent nature, and (b) depicted a child...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857724/a-case-study-approach-to-reducing-the-risks-of-child-sexual-exploitation-cse
#13
Lauren Janine Berry, Ruth J Tully, Vincent Egan
The risk of child sexual exploitation is a growing concern, both within community and child care settings. Within community services working with vulnerable young people, the risks of exploitation are pervasive and present a constant management problem for professionals. This makes the need for focused educational interventions within such settings all the more vital. This case study aims to describe the assessment, formulation, intervention, and outcomes of a young female considered to be at risk of sexual exploitation...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852274/structural-violence-on-women-an-impediment-to-women-empowerment
#14
Parul Sinha, Uma Gupta, Jyotsna Singh, Anand Srivastava
Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846186/puccinia-coronata-f-sp-avenae-a-threat-to-global-oat-production
#15
Eric S Nazareno, Feng Li, Madeleine Smith, Robert F Park, Shahryar F Kianian, Melania Figueroa
Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae (Pca) causes crown rust disease in cultivated and wild oat (Avena spp.). The significant yield losses inflicted by this pathogen makes crown rust the most devastating disease in the oat industry. Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae is a basidiomycete fungus with an obligate biotrophic lifestyle and is classified as a typical macrocyclic and heteroecious fungus. The asexual phase in the life cycle of Pca occurs in oat while the sexual phase occurs primarily in Rhamnus species as the alternate host...
August 28, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841535/female-reproductive-traits-of-a-commercially-exploited-skate-atlantoraja-platana-g%C3%A3-nther-1880-chondrichthyes-rajidae-ovarian-morphology-gametogenesis-and-microscopic-verification-of-maturity-criteria
#16
A C Moya, A Wehitt, M C Díaz Andrade, E E Di Giacomo, E J Galíndez
Atlantoraja platana is an endemic species of the Southwest Atlantic Ocean, and is one of the most captured by the local bottom trawl industrial fisheries. In this work, the microscopic architecture of mature female's gonads and the dynamics of follicle development are studied as a contribution to raise awareness of reproductive biology of the species. Folliculogenesis depicts the same histologic pattern as in other Elasmobranchs. Follicles in different degrees of maturation coexist in mature animals. The oogonia were only found in immature individuals...
August 12, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832832/reproductive-cycle-of-mytella-guyanensis-lamarck-1819-in-a-marine-reserve-resex-bay-of-iguape-bahia-brazil
#17
V M A Camilo, J da C Souza, E de J Conceição, J R Luz, G Boehs, S Campiolo
Mytella guyanensis, consumed and commercialized in coastal regions of Brazil, is one of several bivalve species of socioeconomic interest for coastal communities. Besides serving as a source of income and subsistence for these communities, it also contributes to their food security as it is a source of proteins and micronutrients. Thus, the reproductive cycle of this species was studied aiming to contribute to food security and its preservation. Samples were collected monthly, between March 2014 and March 2015, in a natural stock (12°38'50"S; 38°51'43"W) in a Marine Reserve (RESEX Bay of Iguape) (community Engenho da Ponte), Bahia, Brazil...
August 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829433/a-gene-expression-atlas-of-adult-schistosoma-mansoni-and-their-gonads
#18
Zhigang Lu, Florian Sessler, Nancy Holroyd, Steffen Hahnel, Thomas Quack, Matthew Berriman, Christoph G Grevelding
RNA-Seq has proven excellence in providing information about the regulation and transcript levels of genes. We used this method for profiling genes in the flatworm Schistosoma mansoni. This parasite causes schistosomiasis, an infectious disease of global importance for human and animals. The pathology of schistosomiasis is associated with the eggs, which are synthesized as a final consequence of male and female adults pairing. The male induces processes in the female that lead to the full development of its gonads as a prerequisite for egg production...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820704/the-price-of-peace-peacekeeping-with-impunity-harms-public-health-in-haiti
#19
Louise C Ivers, Yodeline Guillaume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797913/commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth Barnert, Zarah Iqbal, Janine Bruce, Arash Anoshiravani, Gauri Kolhatkar, Jordan Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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