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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542850/reproductive-biology-of-black-seabream-acanthopagrus-schlegelii-threadfin-porgy-evynnis-cardinalis-and-red-pargo-pagrus-major-in-the-northern-south-china-sea-with-consideration-of-fishery-status-and-management-needs
#1
C S W Law, Y Sadovy de Mitcheson
The reproductive biology of three commercially significant seabream species (family: Sparidae) Acanthopagrus schlegelii, Evynnis cardinalis and Pagrus major, taken from Hong Kong and adjacent northern South China Sea (SCS) waters, were investigated for their sexual patterns, spawning seasons, length at maturity and exploitation in relation to their conservation and management status. Histological analysis showed E. cardinalis and P. major to be functionally gonochoristic, the latter having a bisexual juvenile stage and being a rudimentary hermaphrodite...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#2
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#3
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479995/genetic-structure-among-greater-white-fronted-goose-populations-of-the-pacific-flyway
#4
Craig R Ely, Robert E Wilson, Sandra L Talbot
An understanding of the genetic structure of populations in the wild is essential for long-term conservation and stewardship in the face of environmental change. Knowledge of the present-day distribution of genetic lineages (phylogeography) of a species is especially important for organisms that are exploited or utilize habitats that may be jeopardized by human intervention, including climate change. Here, we describe mitochondrial (mtDNA) and nuclear genetic (microsatellite) diversity among three populations of a migratory bird, the greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons), which breeds discontinuously in western and southwestern Alaska and winters in the Pacific Flyway of North America...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471337/childhood-maltreatment-and-child-protective-services-involvement-among-the-commercially-sexually-exploited-a-comparison-of-women-who-enter-as-juveniles-or-as-adults
#5
Andrea N Cimino, Elissa E Madden, Kris Hohn, Courtney M Cronley, Jaya B Davis, Karen Magruder, M Alexis Kennedy
A risk for commercial sexual exploitation is childhood maltreatment. It's unknown whether juveniles in commercial sexual exploitation experience more childhood maltreatment than adults or how involved child protective services is in investigating maltreatment, a focus of this study. Women (N = 96) who sold sex commercially completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t tests, chi-squares, and odds ratios were used to examine differences in background, childhood maltreatment, and child protective services involvement by juvenile or adult entry...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440293/exploiting-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-macrophages-to-unravel-host-factors-influencing-chlamydia-trachomatis-pathogenesis
#6
Amy T Y Yeung, Christine Hale, Amy H Lee, Erin E Gill, Wendy Bushell, David Parry-Smith, David Goulding, Derek Pickard, Theodoros Roumeliotis, Jyoti Choudhary, Nick Thomson, William C Skarnes, Gordon Dougan, Robert E W Hancock
Chlamydia trachomatis remains a leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections and preventable blindness worldwide. There are, however, limited in vitro models to study the role of host genetics in the response of macrophages to this obligate human pathogen. Here, we describe an approach using macrophages derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSdMs) to study macrophage-Chlamydia interactions in vitro. We show that iPSdMs support the full infectious life cycle of C. trachomatis in a manner that mimics the infection of human blood-derived macrophages...
April 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437730/the-practice-of-prosecuting-child-maltreatment-results-of-an-online-survey-of-prosecutors
#7
Theodore P Cross, Debra Whitcomb
Despite efforts by advocates, practitioners, and legislators to alleviate the burden on child maltreatment victims in the criminal justice system, many challenges remain for prosecutors as they seek to hold offenders accountable while minimizing the emotional impact on children. More than 200 state and local prosecutors in 37 states responded to an online survey to share their perspectives on current challenges, procedures to support children in the adjudication process, and the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court opinion in Crawford v...
April 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#8
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394150/mental-health-services-as-a-vital-component-of-psychosocial-recovery-for-victims-of-child-trafficking-for-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#9
Yvonne Rafferty
There has been a plethora of outcomes associated with child trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation; however little attention has been paid to how outcomes are addressed for children who are placed into residential aftercare recovery programs following their identification as victims. Field-based qualitative research was undertaken in South and Southeast Asia, and involved interviews with 213 representatives from U.N. and governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and residential aftercare recovery programs...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341299/adopting-a-public-health-approach-to-addressing-child-sexual-abuse-and-exploitation
#10
Marcellina Mian, Delphine Collin-Vézina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334739/hiv-treatment-as-prevention-implications-for-health-promotion
#11
Sean Slavin
Evidence has been accumulating in recent years that individuals with HIV who are effectively treated with antiretroviral drugs are highly unlikely to transmit the virus to their sexual partners. This approach has great potential to contribute to ongoing prevention efforts and has been termed 'treatment as prevention'. International political momentum has been building in recent years to attempt to significantly reduce new HIV infections globally and end the epidemic by 2030. In pursuit of such aims a number of local health authorities and communities have adopted intensified 'test and treat' strategies to quickly diagnose infections and reduce the risk of onward transmission through an immediate offer of treatment...
October 8, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333214/-forever-young-%C3%A2-testosterone-replacement-therapy-a-blockbuster-drug-despite-flabby-evidence-and-broken-promises
#12
Andrea Busnelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
In the last decade, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been increasingly prescribed to treat a controversial condition known as 'late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)'. This syndrome is diagnosed in men who, for no discernible reason other than older age, obesity or ill health have serum testosterone concentrations below the normal range for healthy young men and report one or more of the following symptoms: muscle weakness or wasting, mood, behaviour and cognition-related symptoms and sexual function or libido impairment...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#13
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320828/malaria-epigenetics
#14
Alfred Cortés, Kirk W Deitsch
Organisms with identical genome sequences can show substantial differences in their phenotypes owing to epigenetic changes that result in different use of their genes. Epigenetic regulation of gene expression plays a key role in the control of several fundamental processes in the biology of malaria parasites, including antigenic variation and sexual differentiation. Some of the histone modifications and chromatin-modifying enzymes that control the epigenetic states of malaria genes have been characterized, and their functions are beginning to be unraveled...
March 20, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298342/trade-offs-in-an-ant-plant-fungus-mutualism
#15
Jérôme Orivel, Pierre-Jean Malé, Jérémie Lauth, Olivier Roux, Frédéric Petitclerc, Alain Dejean, Céline Leroy
Species engaged in multiple, simultaneous mutualisms are subject to trade-offs in their mutualistic investment if the traits involved in each interaction are overlapping, which can lead to conflicts and affect the longevity of these associations. We investigate this issue via a tripartite mutualism involving an ant plant, two competing ant species and a fungus the ants cultivate to build galleries under the stems of their host plant to capture insect prey. The use of the galleries represents an innovative prey capture strategy compared with the more typical strategy of foraging on leaves...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292455/sex-trafficking-of-minors
#16
REVIEW
Jessica L Moore, Dana M Kaplan, Christine E Barron
Sex trafficking is an increasingly recognized global health crisis affecting every country and region in the world. Domestic minor sex trafficking is a subset of commercial sexual exploitation of children, defined as engagement of minors (<18 years of age) in sexual acts for items of value (eg, food, shelter, drugs, money) involving children victimized within US borders. These involved youth are at risk for serious immediate and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Continued efforts are needed to improve preventive efforts, identification, screening, appropriate interventions, and subsequent resource provision for victimized and high-risk youth...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291536/child-sexual-abuse-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#17
Masako Tanaka, Yumi E Suzuki, Ikuko Aoyama, Kota Takaoka, Harriet L MacMillan
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the national prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) and its association with health and developmental outcomes is the first step in developing prevention strategies. While such data are available from many countries, less is known about the epidemiology of CSA in Japan. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched English databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, and Japanese databases: Cinii, J-Stage, Children's Rainbow Center Japan, Japan Child and Family Research Institute, Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect to identify articles published before July 2015 examining the lifetime prevalence of CSA in Japan using non-clinical samples...
March 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278745/-ballroom-itself-can-either-make-you-or-break-you-black-gbt-youths-psychosocial-development-in-the-house-ball-community
#18
Kyle Telander, Sybil G Hosek, Diana Lemos, Gihane Jeremie-Brink
Social context plays a significant role in adolescent identity development, particularly for youth lacking traditional systems of support. Using ecological and symbolic interactionism perspectives, this study qualitatively explored the psychosocial identity development of Black gay, bisexual, or transgendered youth participating in the House Ball Community (HBC). The HBC is a diverse network of family-like structures called 'houses', as well as a glamorous social outlet via pageant-like 'balls' in which participants compete...
March 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256191/molecular-mechanisms-regulating-cell-fusion-and-heterokaryon-formation-in-filamentous-fungi
#19
Asen Daskalov, Jens Heller, Stephanie Herzog, André Fleißner, N Louise Glass
For the majority of fungal species, the somatic body of an individual is a network of interconnected cells sharing a common cytoplasm and organelles. This syncytial organization contributes to an efficient distribution of resources, energy, and biochemical signals. Cell fusion is a fundamental process for fungal development, colony establishment, and habitat exploitation and can occur between hyphal cells of an individual colony or between colonies of genetically distinct individuals. One outcome of cell fusion is the establishment of a stable heterokaryon, culminating in benefits for each individual via shared resources or being of critical importance for the sexual or parasexual cycle of many fungal species...
March 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250180/sexual-conflict-over-remating-interval-is-modulated-by-the-sex-peptide-pathway
#20
Damian T Smith, Naomi V E Clarke, James M Boone, Claudia Fricke, Tracey Chapman
Sexual conflict, in which the evolutionary interests of males and females diverge, shapes the evolution of reproductive systems across diverse taxa. Here, we used the fruit fly to study sexual conflict in natural, three-way interactions comprising a female, her current and previous mates. We manipulated the potential for sexual conflict by using sex peptide receptor (SPR) null females and by varying remating from 3 to 48 h, a period during which natural rematings frequently occur. SPR-lacking females do not respond to sex peptide (SP) transferred during mating and maintain virgin levels of high receptivity and low fecundity...
March 15, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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