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Hiit and moderate continuous training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947458/participant-acceptability-of-exercise-in-kidney-disease-pace-kd-a-feasibility-study-protocol-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#1
Nicolette C Bishop, Roseanne Billany, Alice C Smith
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). General population risk scores for CVD underestimate the risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) suggesting additional non-traditional factors. Renal transplant recipients also exhibit elevated inflammation and impaired immune function. Exercise has a positive impact on these factors in patients with CKD but there is a lack of rigorous research in RTRs, particularly surrounding the feasibility and acceptability of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in this population...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944646/acute-blood-glucose-cardiovascular-and-exaggerated-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Shohn G Wormgoor, Lance C Dalleck, Caryn Zinn, Nigel K Harris
BACKGROUND: Optimising exercise-induced physiological responses without increasing the risk of negative exaggerated responses is an important aspect of exercise prescription for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, knowledge of acute responses, including exaggerated responses, of different training modalities is limited. AIM: To compare acute physiological responses of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in T2DM...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941598/energy-matched-moderate-and-high-intensity-exercise-training-improves-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-risk-independent-of-changes-in-body-mass-or-abdominal-adiposity-a-randomized-trial
#3
Nathan C Winn, Liu Ying, R Scott Rector, Elizabeth J Parks, Jamal A Ibdah, Jill A Kanaley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercise training is commonly prescribed for individuals diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, consensus regarding the volume and intensity of exercise for optimal benefits is lacking. Thus, we determined whether high intensity interval exercise training (HIIT) produced greater reductions in intrahepatic lipid (IHL) content and NAFLD risk factors compared with energy-matched moderate intensity continuous exercise training (MICT) in obese adults with liver steatosis...
September 20, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932907/effects-of-self-paced-interval-and-continuous-training-on-health-markers-in-women
#4
Luke J Connolly, Stephen J Bailey, Peter Krustrup, Jonathan Fulford, Chris Smietanka, Andrew M Jones
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of self-paced high-intensity interval and continuous cycle training on health markers in premenopausal women. METHODS: Forty-five inactive females were randomised to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 15), continuous training (CT; n = 15) or an inactive control (CON; n = 15) group. HIIT performed 5 × 5 min sets comprising repetitions of 30-s low-, 20-s moderate- and 10-s high-intensity cycling with 2 min rest between sets...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879617/high-but-not-moderate-intensity-endurance-training-increases-pain-tolerance-a-randomised-trial
#5
Thomas J O'Leary, Johnny Collett, Ken Howells, Martyn G Morris
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to volume-matched moderate-intensity continuous training (CONT) on muscle pain tolerance and high-intensity exercise tolerance. METHODS: Twenty healthy adults were randomly assigned (1:1) to either 6 weeks of HIIT [6-8 × 5 min at halfway between lactate threshold and maximal oxygen uptake (50%Δ)] or volume-matched CONT (~60-80 min at 90% lactate threshold) on a cycle ergometer...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853029/effect-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fitness-fat-mass-and-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-in-children-with-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Katrin A Dias, Charlotte B Ingul, Arnt E Tjønna, Shelley E Keating, Sjaan R Gomersall, Turid Follestad, Mansoureh S Hosseini, Siri M Hollekim-Strand, Torstein B Ro, Margrete Haram, Else Marie Huuse, Peter S W Davies, Peter A Cain, Gary M Leong, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: Paediatric obesity significantly increases the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases across the lifespan. Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) could mitigate this risk. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves CRF in clinical adult populations but the evidence in paediatric obesity is inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a 12-week, HIIT intervention for increasing CRF and reducing adiposity in children with obesity...
August 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846513/low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-is-sufficient-to-ameliorate-the-severity-of-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Joyce S Ramos, Lance C Dalleck, Fabio Borrani, Kassia S Beetham, Matthew P Wallen, Alistair R Mallard, Bronwyn Clark, Sjaan Gomersall, Shelley E Keating, Robert G Fassett, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) at improving cardiometabolic risk. However, the optimal volume of HIIT to reduce the severity of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has yet to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of different volumes of HIIT and MICT on MetS severity (MetS z-score). METHODS: This was a substudy of the "Exercise in prevention of Metabolic Syndrome" (EX-MET) multicenter trial, reporting data collected at the Brisbane site...
September 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843495/high-intensity-interval-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-superior-metabolic-benefits-in-diet-induced-obesity-mice
#8
Ningning Wang, Yang Liu, Yanan Ma, Deliang Wen
AIMS: Exercise is beneficial in obesity, however, the debate about the value of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) has been long lasting. Therefore, here we have compared the possible beneficial effects of two different exercise training regimes in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following 7wk. on high fat diet (HFD), ten-week-old male ICR mice (n=30) were assigned to HIIT, distance-matched MICT or remained sedentary for the next 8 constitutive weeks while maintaining the dietary treatments...
August 23, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#9
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792851/high-intensity-interval-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-elicit-similar-enjoyment-and-adherence-levels-in-overweight-and-obese-adults
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chantal A Vella, Katrina Taylor, Devin Drummer
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to improve cardiometabolic health during supervised lab-based studies but adherence, enjoyment, and health benefits of HIIT performed independently are yet to be understood. We compared adherence, enjoyment, and cardiometabolic outcomes after 8 weeks of HIIT or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), matched for energy expenditure, in overweight and obese young adults. METHODS: 17 adults were randomized to HIIT or MICT...
October 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772048/the-effect-of-exercise-training-on-biventricular-myocardial-strain-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#11
Siddhartha S Angadi, Catherine L Jarrett, Moustafa Sherif, Glenn A Gaesser, Farouk Mookadam
AIMS: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves peak oxygen uptake and left ventricular diastology in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, its effects on myocardial strain in HFpEF remain unknown. We explored the effects of HIIT and moderate-intensity aerobic continuous training (MI-ACT) on left and right ventricular strain parameters in patients with HFpEF. Furthermore, we explored their relationship with peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak )...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747269/high-intensity-interval-training-and-cardiac-autonomic-control-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomised-trial
#12
Joyce S Ramos, Lance C Dalleck, Fabio Borrani, Kassia S Beetham, Gregore Iven Mielke, Katrin A Dias, Matthew P Wallen, Shelley E Keating, Robert G Fassett, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance has been postulated to play a central role in the co-appearance of various cardiovascular disease risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is evidence that altered cardiac autonomic function (CAF) may precede the onset of insulin resistance. Exercise training has been shown to improve CAF in different populations, yet little is known regarding the exercise dose response for CAF. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of different volumes of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on CAF in participants with MetS...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737586/comparison-of-acute-physiological-and-psychological-responses-between-moderate-intensity-continuous-exercise-and-three-regimes-of-high-intensity-training
#13
Nicole Green, Timothy Wertz, Zachary LaPorta, Adam Mora, Jasmine Serbas, Todd A Astorino
High intensity interval training (HIIT) elicits similar physiological adaptations as moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) despite less time commitment. However, there is debate whether HIIT is more aversive than MICT. This study compared physiological and perceptual responses between MICT and three regimes of HIIT. Nineteen active adults (age = 24.0 ± 3.3 yr) unfamiliar with HIIT initially performed ramp exercise to exhaustion to measure maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and determine workload for subsequent sessions, whose order was randomized...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656073/neutrophil-and-monocyte-bactericidal-responses-to-10-weeks-of-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-or-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-sedentary-adults
#14
David B Bartlett, Sam O Shepherd, Oliver J Wilson, Ahmed M Adlan, Anton J M Wagenmakers, Christopher S Shaw, Janet M Lord
Neutrophils and monocytes are key components of the innate immune system that undergo age-associated declines in function. This study compared the impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on immune function in sedentary adults. Twenty-seven (43 ± 11 years) healthy sedentary adults were randomized into ten weeks of either a HIIT (>90% maximum heart rate) or MICT (70% maximum heart rate) group training program. Aerobic capacity (VO2peak), neutrophil and monocyte bacterial phagocytosis and oxidative burst, cell surface receptor expression, and systemic inflammation were measured before and after the training...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648356/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-continuous-exercise-training-on-post-exercise-heart-rate-recovery-in-coronary-heart-disease-patients
#15
Koldobika Villelabeitia-Jaureguizar, Davinia Vicente-Campos, Alejandro Berenguel Senen, Verónica Hernández Jiménez, María Elvira Barrios Garrido-Lestache, Jose López Chicharro
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been considered a prognostic and mortality indicator in both healthy and coronary patients. Physical exercise prescription has shown improvements in VO2peak and HRR, but most of the studies have been carried out applying continuous training at a moderate intensity, being very limited the use of protocols of high intensity interval training in coronary patients. We aimed to compare the effects of a moderate continuous training (MCT) versus a high intensity interval training (HIIT) programme on VO2peak and HRR...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628064/exercise-training-reduces-intrathoracic-fat-regardless-of-defective-glucose-tolerance
#16
Sanna M Honkala, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Anna Savolainen, Virva Saunavaara, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jukka Kapanen, Juhani Knuuti, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
PURPOSE: Epicardial (EAT) and pericardial (PAT) fat masses and myocardial triglyceride content (MTC) are enlarged in obesity and insulin resistance. We studied whether the high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) similarly decrease ectopic fat in and around the heart and whether the decrease is similar in healthy subjects and subjects with defective glucose tolerance (DGT). METHODS: A total of 28 healthy men (body mass index = 20...
July 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570494/endurance-running-training-individually-guided-by-hrv-in-untrained-women
#17
Danilo F da Silva, Zachary M Ferraro, Kristi B Adamo, Fabiana A Machado
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of HRV-guided training compared to a standardized prescription on i) time to complete 5-km running performance (t5km), ii) peak treadmill running speed (Vpeak) and its time limit (tlim at Vpeak), and iii) autonomic cardiac modulation (i.e., parasympathetic activity and recovery) in untrained women. Additionally, we correlated changes in t5km with changes in Vpeak, tlim at Vpeak and autonomic cardiac modulation. Thirty-six untrained women were divided into a HRV-guided training group (HRVG) and a control group (CG)...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567669/cerebral-oxygenation-during-cortical-activation-the-differential-influence-of-three-exercise-training-modalities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
PURPOSE: To determine if a cerebral oxygenation response during cortical activation is influenced by exercise training mode. METHODS: Sixty-seven individuals (55-75 years old) volunteered for this 16-week intervention study. Participants were randomized into a resistance training (RT) group (n = 22), high-intensity interval training (HIIT) group (n = 13), moderate continuous training (MCT) group (n = 13) and a control (CON) group (n = 19). Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to measure cerebral oxygenation during the Stroop task...
August 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513103/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-interval-training-versus-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-body-adiposity
#19
REVIEW
S E Keating, N A Johnson, G I Mielke, J S Coombes
Interval training (including high-intensity interval training [HIIT] and sprint interval training [SIT]) is promoted in both scientific and lay media as being a superior and time-efficient method for fat loss compared with traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). We evaluated the efficacy of HIIT/SIT when directly compared with MICT for the modulation of body adiposity. Databases were searched to 31 August 2016 for studies with exercise training interventions with minimum 4-week duration. Meta-analyses were conducted for within-group and between-group comparisons for total body fat percentage (%) and fat mass (kg)...
August 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493030/ambulatory-blood-pressure-response-to-a-bout-of-hiit-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients
#20
M Ramirez-Jimenez, F Morales-Palomo, J G Pallares, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez, J F Ortega
PURPOSE: The effectiveness of exercise to lower blood pressure may depend on the type and intensity of exercise. We study the short-term (i.e., 14-h) effects of a bout of high-intensity aerobic interval training (HIIT) on blood pressure in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. METHODS: Nineteen MetS patients (55.2 ± 7.3 years, 6 women) entered the study. Eight of them were normotensive and eleven hypertensive according to MetS threshold (≥130 mmHg for SBP and/or ≥85 mmHg for DBP)...
July 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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