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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139304/object-directed-imitation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-differentially-influenced-by-motoric-task-complexity-but-not-social-contextual-cues
#1
Lacey Chetcuti, Kristelle Hudry, Megan Grant, Giacomo Vivanti
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple(®) iPad(®) by a socially responsive or aloof model, under conditions of low and high motor demand. There were no differences in imitation performance (i.e. the number of actions reproduced within a fixed sequence), for either group, in response to a model who acted socially responsive or aloof...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134812/deoxycholate-enhanced-shigella-virulence-is-regulated-by-a-rare-%C3%AF-helix-in-the-type-three-secretion-system-tip-protein-ipad
#2
Abram R Bernard, T Carson Jessop, Prashant Kumar, Nicholas E Dickenson
Type three secretion systems (T3SS) are specialized nano-machines that support infection by injecting bacterial proteins directly into host cells. The Shigella T3SS has uniquely evolved to sense environmental levels of the bile salt deoxycholate (DOC) and up-regulate virulence in response to DOC. In this study, we describe a rare i+5 hydrogen bonding secondary structure element (π-helix) within the type three secretion system tip protein IpaD that plays a critical role in DOC-enhanced virulence. Specifically, engineered mutations within the π-helix altered the pathogen's response to DOC with one mutant construct in particular exhibiting an unprecedented reduction in virulence following DOC exposure...
November 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112797/exploring-anatomy-and-physiology-using-ipad-applications
#3
Tandra R Chakraborty, Deborah F Cooperstein
This study examined the use of iPads with anatomy applications (apps) in the laboratory sections of the largest undergraduate course at the university, Anatomy and Physiology, serving more than 300 students. The majority of these students were nursing, exercise science/physical education and biology majors. With a student survey (student opinion) and student practicum grades as metrics, this study determined whether the introduction of this novel mobile technology improved student grades and aided the students in learning the course material...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102246/quantification-of-isoflavonoids-and-triterpene-saponins-in-astragali-radix-the-root-of-astragalus-membranaceus-via-reverse-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-integrated-pulsed-amperometric-detection
#4
Seung-Min Lee, Ji-Seon Jeong, Ha-Jeong Kwon, Seon-Pyo Hong
Astragali Radix, the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, is one of the most frequently used crude drugs in Asian medicine. We developed a quantification method for 6 components (calycosin, formononetin, astragaloside I-IV) of Astragali Radix and Hwanggi-gyeji-omul-tang (HGOT) using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with integrated pulsed amperometric detection (RP-HPLC-IPAD). The plants were extracted in 80% ethanol for 2h. All target components were detected with good sensitivity using sodium hydroxide (as a post-column eluent)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089914/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-training-game-for-older-people-a-design-based-approach
#5
Ming-Hsin Lu, Weijane Lin, Hsiu-Ping Yueh
In the research field of cognitive aging, games have gained attention as training interventions to remediate age-related deficits. Cognitive training games on computer, video and mobile platforms have shown ample and positive support. However, the generalized effects are not agreed upon unanimously, and the game tasks are usually simple and decontextualized due to the limitations of measurements. This study adopted a qualitative approach of design-based research (DBR) to systematically review and pragmatically examine the regime, presentation and feedback design of a cognitive training game for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080245/developing-brighthearts-a-pediatric-biofeedback-mediated-relaxation-app-to-manage-procedural-pain-and-anxiety
#6
Angela M Morrow, Karen L O Burton, Melissa M Watanabe, Benjamin H Cloyd, George P Khut
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a child-friendly biofeedback mediated relaxation device called "BrightHearts". METHODS: Qualitative data were collected at a tertiary pediatric hospital to inform an iterative design process. Clinicians participated in expert group interviews to identify practical considerations which would facilitate the use of BrightHearts during procedures and provide feedback on prototype designs. Children aged 7-18 years participated in interactive exhibitions of the prototypes and were interviewed about their experience using BrightHearts...
October 27, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075920/primary-prevention-of-asymptomatic-cardiovascular-disease-using-physiological-sensors-connected-to-an-ios-app
#7
Leire Moreno-Alsasua, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, J David Rodrigo-Carbonero, Ibon Oleagordia Ruiz, Sofiane Hamrioui, Isabel de la Torre Díez
Cardiovascular disease is the first cause of death and disease and one of the leading causes of disability in developed countries. The prevalence of this disease is expected to increase in coming years although the death rate may be lower due to better treatment. To present the design and development of a technology solution for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in asymptomatic patients. The system aims to raise the population's awareness of the importance of adopting healthy heart habits by using self-feedback techniques...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061048/surface-coating-of-gradient-alloy-quantum-dots-with-oxide-layer-in-white-light-emitting-diodes-for-display-backlights
#8
Junsang Cho, Yun Ku Jung, Jin-Kyu Lee, Hak-Sung Jung
Recently, quantum dots (QDs) have been successfully developed as efficient color converters for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) display due to excellent optical properties of QDs. Herein, we demonstrate a new approach to form metal oxide layers (or metal oxide coating) on the exterior surface of gradient alloy QDs (the most advanced chemical architecture QDs developed thus far wherein the lattice parameter from the core to shell is changing in a gradient fashion) in order to improve the photochemical stability and photoluminescence efficiency...
October 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052316/does-an-intervention-designed-to-improve-self-management-social-support-and-awareness-of-palliative-care-address-needs-of-persons-with-heart-failure-family-caregivers-and-clinicians
#9
Margaret Sebern, Nasir Sulemanjee, Mark J Sebern, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Carol J Whitlatch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to conduct a formative evaluation of the iPad-Enhanced Shared Care Intervention for Partners (iSCIP) among persons with heart failure (HF), family caregivers, and clinicians. Together, persons with HF and family caregivers are referred to as partners. BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the caregiver's contributions to HF self-management, social support, and reciprocal benefits of interventions that involve both partners...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030647/the-diagnostic-reliability-of-the-quantitative-pivot-shift-evaluation-using-an-electromagnetic-measurement-system-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficiency-was-superior-to-those-of-the-accelerometer-and-ipad-image-analysis
#10
Toshikazu Tanaka, Yuichi Hoshino, Nobuaki Miyaji, Kazuyuki Ibaragi, Kyohei Nishida, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Takehiko Matsushita, Ryosuke Kuroda
PURPOSE: Several non-invasive devices have been developed to obtain quantitative assessment of the pivot-shift test in clinical setting using similar but diverse measurement parameters. However, the clinical usability of those measurements has yet to be closely investigated and compared. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of three non-invasive measurement devices for the pivot-shift test. METHODS: Thirty patients with unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury were enrolled...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024959/limb-laterality-recognition-score-a-reliable-clinical-measure-related-to-phantom-limb-pain
#11
Christopher Kevin Wong, Caitlin Kimberly Wong
Objective: To explore the usefulness of the limb laterality recognition score as a clinical measure of phantom limb pain, regarding test-retest reliability and association of limb laterality recognition scores with phantom limb pain measures. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: Community support group. Subjects: Eleven adults who averaged 4.8 years since lower limb amputation due to vascular pathologies (N = 9), trauma (N = 1), and cancer (N = 1)...
August 24, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019416/communication-technology-adoption-among-older-adult-veterans-the-interplay-of-social-and-cognitive-factors
#12
Cristina Leone, Joan Soo Li Lim, Anita Stern, Jocelyn Charles, Sandra Black, Ronald Baecker
OBJECTIVES: InTouch is an electronic communication platform designed to be accessible by computer-naive seniors. The present study explored the process of adoption and use of the application by seniors with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) through the lens of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). METHOD: We studied adoption and use of InTouch for social communication over a 12-week period in a 475-bed Veteran's care facility at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Canada...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993816/psychological-and-psychobiological-responses-to-immediate-early-intervention-in-the-emergency-department-case-report-of-one-session-exposure-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-ptsd
#13
Loren M Post, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Jennifer S Stevens, Renuka Reddy, Jessica L Maples, Jessica R Morgan, Alex O Rothbaum, Tanja Jovanovic, Kerry J Ressler, Barbara O Rothbaum
Research suggests that exposure therapy provided in the hours immediately following trauma exposure may prevent PTSD development. This case report presents data on an at-risk for PTSD participant involved in a motor-vehicle crash that caused her severe distress. She received one session of exposure therapy in the emergency department (ED) as part of an ongoing randomized controlled study examining the optimal dose of exposure therapy in the immediate aftermath of trauma. PTSD and depression measures were collected at pre-treatment assessment and one- and three-month follow-up...
2017: Practice Innovations (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983385/can-geriatric-psychiatry-patients-complete-symptoms-self-reports-using-tablets-a-randomized-study
#14
Ghizlane Moussaoui, Ching Yu, Vincent Laliberté, Dominique Elie, Artin A Mahdanian, Benjamin Dawson, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Rej Soham
BACKGROUND: With our aging population and limited number of geriatric psychiatrists, innovations must be made in order to meet the growing demands for geriatric psychiatry services. Emerging technologies could greatly improve access to care and systematic data collection. METHODS: This randomized study compared completion rates and time to completion (primary outcomes) when using iPad technology vs. traditional paper forms to complete self-report psychiatric symptoms...
September 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976067/performance-of-ipad-based-threshold-perimetry-in-glaucoma-and-controls
#15
Angela M Schulz, Elizabeth C Graham, YuYi You, Alexander Klistorner, Stuart L Graham
IMPORTANCE: Independent validation of iPad visual field testing software Melbourne Rapid Fields (MRF). BACKGROUND: To examine the functionality of MRF and compare its performance with Humphrey SITA 24-2 (HVF). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional validation study. PARICIPANTS: 60 glaucomas (MD:-5.08+/-5.22); 17 pre-perimetric, 43 HVF field defects, and 25 controls. METHODS: The MRF was compared with HVF for scotoma detection, global indices, regional mean threshold values and sensitivity/specificity...
October 4, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969454/teaching-multi-step-requesting-to-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-systematic-instruction-and-a-speech-generating-device
#16
Derya Genc-Tosun, Onur Kurt
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an iPad-based speech-generating device (SGD) and an intervention package in teaching multi-step requesting to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention package comprised discrete trial teaching, time delay, graduated guidance, and reinforcement. Social validity data were also collected from parents and teachers. Three male participants with ASD, aged 4-5 years, participated in the study, which was conducted using a multiple-probe-across-participants design...
December 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964291/hiv-status-and-hearing-loss-among-children-between-6-and-12-years-of-age-at-a-large-urban-health-facility-in-south-western-uganda
#17
Doreen Nakku, Victoria Nyaiteera, Evelyn Llowet, Dennis Nanseera, Gladys Nakalema, Brian Westerberg, Francis Bajunirwe
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric HIV infection and treatment may increase the risk for hearing loss (HL), both sensorineural (SNHL) and conductive hearing loss (CHL). There is limited data on this subject, especially from sub Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the prevalence of hearing loss among HIV positive and negative children, to determine the types of hearing loss and whether Nevirapine (NVP) based antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with HL. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study at two tertiary health facilities in south western Uganda...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950721/effect-of-an-ipad-based-intervention-to-improve-sexual-health-knowledge-and-intentions-for-contraceptive-use-among-adolescent-females-at-school-based-health-centers
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Veronika V Mesheriakova, Kathleen P Tebb
OBJECTIVES: The use of effective contraception can decrease the incidence of unplanned pregnancy among adolescents. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an iPad-based application (app) on improving adolescent girls' sexual health knowledge and on its ability to influence their intentions to use effective contraception. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of girls aged 12 to 18 years recruited from 3 school-based health centers in California. RESULTS: A total of 120 racially/ethnically diverse participants used the iPad app; 54% were sexually active, with only 26% using effective contraception at baseline...
November 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923143/validation-of-the-cognition-test-battery-for-spaceflight-in-a-sample-of-highly-educated-adults
#19
Tyler M Moore, Mathias Basner, Jad Nasrini, Emanuel Hermosillo, Sushila Kabadi, David R Roalf, Sarah McGuire, Adrian J Ecker, Kosha Ruparel, Allison M Port, Chad T Jackson, David F Dinges, Ruben C Gur
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological changes that may occur due to the environmental and psychological stressors of prolonged spaceflight motivated the development of the Cognition Test Battery. The battery was designed to assess multiple domains of neurocognitive functions linked to specific brain systems. Tests included in Cognition have been validated, but not in high-performing samples comparable to astronauts, which is an essential step toward ensuring their usefulness in long-duration space missions...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922177/project-career-an-individualized-postsecondary-approach-to-promoting-independence-functioning-and-employment-success-among-students-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#20
Deborah Minton, Eileen Elias, Phillip Rumrill, Deborah J Hendricks, Karen Jacobs, Anne Leopold, Amanda Nardone, Elaine Sampson, Marcia Scherer, Aundrea Gee Cormier, Aiyana Taylor, Caitlin DeLatte
BACKGROUND: Project Career is a five-year interdisciplinary demonstration project funded by NIDILRR. It provides technology-driven supports, merging Cognitive Support Technology (CST) evidence-based practices and rehabilitation counseling, to improve postsecondary and employment outcomes for veteran and civilian undergraduate students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). GOAL: Provide a technology-driven individualized support program to improve career and employment outcomes for students with TBI...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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