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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331252/investigating-the-need-for-clinicians-to-use-tablet-computers-with-a-newly-envisioned-electronic-health-record
#1
Jason J Saleem, April Savoy, Gale Etherton, Jennifer Herout
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has deployed a large number of tablet computers in the last several years. However, little is known about how clinicians may use these devices with a newly planned Web-based electronic health record (EHR), as well as other clinical tools. The objective of this study was to understand the types of use that can be expected of tablet computers versus desktops. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 clinicians at a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Medical Center...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322428/feasibility-of-the-evidence-based-cognitive-telerehabilitation-program-remind-for-patients-with-primary-brain-tumors
#2
Sophie D van der Linden, Margriet M Sitskoorn, Geert-Jan M Rutten, Karin Gehring
Many patients with primary brain tumors experience cognitive deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation programs focus on alleviating these deficits, but availability of such programs is limited. Our large randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated positive effects of the cognitive rehabilitation program developed by our group. We converted the program into the iPad-based cognitive rehabilitation program ReMind, to increase its accessibility. The app incorporates psychoeducation, strategy training and retraining...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297713/character-apps-for-children-s-snacks-effects-of-character-awareness-on-snack-selection-and-consumption-patterns
#3
Marisa M Putnam, Caroline E Cotto, Sandra L Calvert
OBJECTIVE: Media characters are used to market snacks that are typically of poor nutritional value, which has been linked to childhood obesity. This study examines whether children's snack selections and consumption patterns are influenced by an app depicting a popular children's media character, as well as the role that children's awareness of the character plays. The results can increase our understanding of how to encourage healthier snack selection and consumption in newer game-based marketing venues, such as apps...
January 3, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297378/identifying-drug-pathway-association-pairs-based-on-l2-1-integrative-penalized-matrix-decomposition
#4
Jin-Xing Liu, Dong-Qin Wang, Chun-Hou Zheng, Ying-Lian Gao, Sha-Sha Wu, Jun-Liang Shang
BACKGROUND: Traditional drug identification methods follow the "one drug-one target" thought. But those methods ignore the natural characters of human diseases. To overcome this limitation, many identification methods of drug-pathway association pairs have been developed, such as the integrative penalized matrix decomposition (iPaD) method. The iPaD method imposes the L1-norm penalty on the regularization term. However, lasso-type penalties have an obvious disadvantage, that is, the sparsity produced by them is too dispersive...
December 14, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282154/using-incentives-to-recruit-physicians-into-behavioral-trials-lessons-learned-from-four-studies
#5
Deepika Mohan, Matthew R Rosengart, Baruch Fischhoff, Derek C Angus, David J Wallace, Coreen Farris, Donald M Yealy, Amber E Barnato
OBJECTIVE: To describe lessons learned from the use of different strategies for recruiting physicians responsible for trauma triage, we summarize recruitment data from four behavioral trials run in the United States between 2010 and 2016. RESULTS: We ran a series of behavioral trials with the primary objective of understanding the influence of heuristics on physician decision making in trauma triage. Three studies were observational; one tested an intervention. The trials used different methods of recruitment (in-person vs...
December 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261676/parenting-style-and-family-type-but-not-child-temperament-are-associated-with-television-viewing-time-in-children-at-two-years-of-age
#6
Anna S Howe, Anne-Louise M Heath, Julie Lawrence, Barbara C Galland, Andrew R Gray, Barry J Taylor, Rachel Sayers, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommending that electronic media be avoided in children under two years of age, screen use is common in infants and toddlers. The aims of this study were to determine how parenting style, infant temperament, and family type are associated with television viewing in two-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were from the Prevention of Overweight in Infancy (POI) randomized controlled trial (n = 802) (Dunedin, New Zealand)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244972/evaluating-an-ipad-app-in-measuring-wound-dimension-a-pilot-study
#7
P C B Khong, M S W Yeo, C C Goh
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study tested the reliability, validity and sensitivity of an innovative prototype iPad app, WoundAide, developed to measure wound dimension (length, width and surface area) using image analysis. METHOD: A prospective evaluation was conducted comparing WoundAide (WA) with two gold standard instruments, Wound Zoom (WZ) and Visitrak (VT). The study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Patients were recruited after obtaining local ethics approval...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237247/efficacy-of-an-asynchronous-electronic-curriculum-in-emergency-medicine-education-in-the-united-states
#8
Alisa Wray, Kathryn Bennett, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Warren Wiechmann, Shannon Toohey
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the effect of an iPad-based asynchronous curriculum on emergency medicine (EM) resident performance on the in-training exam (ITE). We hypothesized that the implementation of an asynchronous curriculum (replacing one hour of weekly didactic time) would result in non-inferior ITE scores compared to those scores from historical residents who had participated in the traditional five-hour weekly didactic curriculum. Methods: The study was a retrospective, non-inferiority, cohort study...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233854/efficacy-of-educational-video-game-versus-traditional-educational-apps-at-improving-physician-decision-making-in-trauma-triage-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Deepika Mohan, Coreen Farris, Baruch Fischhoff, Matthew R Rosengart, Derek C Angus, Donald M Yealy, David J Wallace, Amber E Barnato
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a behavioral intervention delivered through a video game can improve the appropriateness of trauma triage decisions in the emergency department of non-trauma centers. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Online intervention in national sample of emergency medicine physicians who make triage decisions at US hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 368 emergency medicine physicians primarily working at non-trauma centers...
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210809/evaluation-and-refinement-of-a-handheld-health-information-technology-tool-to-support-the-timely-update-of-bedside-visual-cues-to-prevent-falls-in-hospitals
#10
Ruth C-A Teh, Renuka Visvanathan, Damith Ranasinghe, Anne Wilson
AIM: To evaluate clinicians' perspectives, before and after clinical implementation (i.e. trial) of a handheld health information technology (HIT) tool, incorporating an iPad device and automatically generated visual cues for bedside display, for falls risk assessment and prevention in hospital. METHODS: This pilot study utilized mixed-methods research with focus group discussions and Likert-scale surveys to elicit clinicians' attitudes. The study was conducted across three phases within two medical wards of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196184/a-randomized-trial-of-a-binocular-ipad-game-versus-part-time-patching-in-children-aged-13-to-16-years-with-amblyopia
#11
Vivian M Manh, Jonathan M Holmes, Elizabeth L Lazar, Raymond T Kraker, David K Wallace, Marjean T Kulp, Jennifer A Galvin, Birva K Shah, Patricia L Davis
PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity (VA) improvement in teenagers with amblyopia treated with a binocular iPad game versus part-time patching. METHODS: One hundred participants aged 13 to <17 years (mean 14.3 years) with amblyopia (20/40 to 20/200, mean ∼20/63) resulting from strabismus, anisometropia, or both were enrolled into a randomized clinical trial. Participants were randomly assigned to treatment for 16 weeks of either a binocular iPad game prescribed for 1 hour per day (N=40) or patching of the fellow eye prescribed for 2 hours per day (N=60)...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191212/involuntary-protection-against-dermatosis-a-preliminary-observation-on-trypophobia
#12
Yuki Yamada, Kyoshiro Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Trypophobia refers to the intense negative emotions evoked by exposure to repeated visual patterns like a honeycomb. We propose a cognitive mechanism that can explain why such negative emotions are triggered by trypophobic objects, primarily through automatic and involuntary avoidance of skin diseases, which is also called as the Involuntary Protection Against Dermatosis (IPAD) hypothesis. RESULTS: We asked 856 participants to evaluate the discomfort evoked by trypophobic images and to report their past and current skin-related medical problems...
December 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188853/computerized-cognitive-testing-for-use-in-clinical-trials-a-comparison-of-the-nih-toolbox-and-cogstate-c3-batteries
#13
R F Buckley, K P Sparks, K V Papp, M Dekhtyar, C Martin, S Burnham, R A Sperling, D M Rentz
BACKGROUND: As prevention trials for Alzheimer's disease move into asymptomatic populations, identifying older individuals who manifest the earliest cognitive signs of Alzheimer's disease is critical. Computerized cognitive testing has the potential to replace current gold standard paper and pencil measures and may be a more efficient means of assessing cognition. However, more empirical evidence about the comparability of novel computerized batteries to paper and pencil measures is required...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186551/the-johns-hopkins-atlas-of-surgical-neuropathology-ipad-application
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176904/mobile-microscopy-as-a-screening-tool-for-oral-cancer-in-india-a-pilot-study
#15
Arunan Skandarajah, Sumsum P Sunny, Praveen Gurpur, Clay D Reber, Michael V D'Ambrosio, Nisheena Raghavan, Bonney Lee James, Ravindra D Ramanjinappa, Amritha Suresh, Uma Kandasarma, Praveen Birur, Vinay V Kumar, Honorius-Cezar Galmeanu, Alexandru Mihail Itu, Mihai Modiga-Arsu, Saskia Rausch, Maria Sramek, Manohar Kollegal, Gianluca Paladini, Moni Kuriakose, Lance Ladic, Felix Koch, Daniel Fletcher
Oral cancer is the most common type of cancer among men in India and other countries in South Asia. Late diagnosis contributes significantly to this mortality, highlighting the need for effective and specific point-of-care diagnostic tools. The same regions with high prevalence of oral cancer have seen extensive growth in mobile phone infrastructure, which enables widespread access to telemedicine services. In this work, we describe the evaluation of an automated tablet-based mobile microscope as an adjunct for telemedicine-based oral cancer screening in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167975/use-of-an-ipad%C3%A2-application-in-preoperative-counseling-for-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#16
Casey L Kinman, Kate V Meriwether, Cayse M Powell, Deslyn T G Hobson, Jeremy T Gaskins, Sean L Francis
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of an iPad™ application to the informed consent process for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery improves patient understanding and retention of information compared with standard verbal counseling (SVC) alone. METHODS: Patients scheduled for POP surgery were randomized to SVC alone or SVC augmented with an iPad™ application. Prior to counseling, immediately following counseling, and 6 weeks after surgery, patients completed a written quiz testing their understanding of POP and surgical repair (worst score 0; best score 20)...
November 22, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139304/object-directed-imitation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-differentially-influenced-by-motoric-task-complexity-but-not-social-contextual-cues
#17
Lacey Chetcuti, Kristelle Hudry, Megan Grant, Giacomo Vivanti
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple(®) iPad(®) by a socially responsive or aloof model, under conditions of low and high motor demand. There were no differences in imitation performance (i.e. the number of actions reproduced within a fixed sequence), for either group, in response to a model who acted socially responsive or aloof...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134812/deoxycholate-enhanced-shigella-virulence-is-regulated-by-a-rare-%C3%AF-helix-in-the-type-three-secretion-system-tip-protein-ipad
#18
Abram R Bernard, T Carson Jessop, Prashant Kumar, Nicholas E Dickenson
Type three secretion systems (T3SS) are specialized nanomachines that support infection by injecting bacterial proteins directly into host cells. The Shigella T3SS has uniquely evolved to sense environmental levels of the bile salt deoxycholate (DOC) and upregulate virulence in response to DOC. In this study, we describe a rare i + 5 hydrogen bonding secondary structure element (π-helix) within the type three secretion system tip protein IpaD that plays a critical role in DOC-enhanced virulence. Specifically, engineered mutations within the π-helix altered the pathogen's response to DOC, with one mutant construct in particular exhibiting an unprecedented reduction in virulence following DOC exposure...
November 22, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112797/exploring-anatomy-and-physiology-using-ipad-applications
#19
Tandra R Chakraborty, Deborah F Cooperstein
This study examined the use of iPads with anatomy applications (apps) in the laboratory sections of the largest undergraduate course at the university, Anatomy and Physiology, serving more than 300 students. The majority of these students were nursing, exercise science/physical education and biology majors. With a student survey (student opinion) and student practicum grades as metrics, this study determined whether the introduction of this novel mobile technology improved student grades and aided the students in learning the course material...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102246/quantification-of-isoflavonoids-and-triterpene-saponins-in-astragali-radix-the-root-of-astragalus-membranaceus-via-reverse-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-integrated-pulsed-amperometric-detection
#20
Seung-Min Lee, Ji-Seon Jeong, Ha-Jeong Kwon, Seon-Pyo Hong
Astragali Radix, the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, is one of the most frequently used crude drugs in Asian medicine. We developed a quantification method for 6 components (calycosin, formononetin, astragaloside I-IV) of Astragali Radix and Hwanggi-gyeji-omul-tang (HGOT) using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with integrated pulsed amperometric detection (RP-HPLC-IPAD). The plants were extracted in 80% ethanol for 2h. All target components were detected with good sensitivity using sodium hydroxide (as a post-column eluent)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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