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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811050/vaccine-decision-making-begins-in-pregnancy-correlation-between-vaccine-concerns-intentions-and-maternal-vaccination-with-subsequent-childhood-vaccine-uptake
#1
M H Danchin, J Costa-Pinto, K Atwell, H Willaby, K Wiley, M Hoq, J Leask, K P Perrett, Jacinta O'Keefe, M L Giles, H Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and childhood vaccine decision-making begins prenatally. Amongst pregnant Australian women we aimed to ascertain vaccine information received, maternal immunisation uptake and attitudes and concerns regarding childhood vaccination. We also aimed to determine any correlation between a) intentions and concerns regarding childhood vaccination, (b) concerns about pregnancy vaccination, (c) socioeconomic status (SES) and (d) uptake of influenza and pertussis vaccines during pregnancy and routine vaccines during childhood...
August 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810617/multicomponent-quantification-of-astragalus-residue-fermentation-liquor-using-ion-chromatography-integrated-pulsed-amperometric-detection
#2
Ying Zhang, Jiarong Wu, Quanhui Ni, Hong Dong
Chinese medicine residues contain abundant cellulose and hemicellulose, which are potential renewable carbon sources for ethanol production. The aim of the present study was to develop a rapid and reliable method to evaluate the cellulose and hemicellulose utilization in Chinese medicine residues. In the present study, key hydrolysates (arabinose, galactose, glucose, xylose, and cellobiose) of the cellulose and hemicellulose in fermentation liquor of Astragalus residues were simultaneously quantified by ion chromatography using an integrated pulsed amperometric detector (IPAD)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800895/a-randomized-trial-of-a-web-based-platform-to-help-families-manage-dementia-related-behavioral-symptoms-the-wecareadvisor%C3%A2
#3
Laura N Gitlin, Helen J Kales, Katherine Marx, Barbara Stanislawski, Constantine Lyketsos
Dementia-related behavioral symptoms are challenging clinical features occurring across etiologies and disease progression. They are associated with increased healthcare utilization, nursing home placement, family upset and burden. Families typically manage behavioral symptoms without requisite knowledge, skills and guidance. We designed WeCareAdvisor™ as an easy-to-use, evidence-informed web-based platform. It provides families knowledge about dementia, daily tips, and a systematic approach to describe behaviors, investigate modifiable contributors, create treatment plans (WeCareAdvisor™ Prescription) consisting of management tips tailored to symptom presentation, and evaluate effectiveness...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799133/tablets-for-image-review-and-communication-in-daily-routine-of-orthopedic-surgeons-an-evaluation-study
#4
Sven Y Vetter, Svenja Schüler, Matthes Hackbusch, Michael Müller, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Jochen Franke
Medical images are essential in modern traumatology and orthopedic surgery. Access to images is often cumbersome due to a limited number of workstations. Moreover, due to the tremendous increase of data, the time to review or to communicate images has also become limited. One approach to overcome these problems is to make use of modern mobile devices, like tablet computers, to facilitate image access and associated workflows. Ten orthopedic surgeons were equipped with an Apple iPad mini 2 and specialized viewing software for medical images...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774526/gopro-hero-4-black-recording-of-scleral-buckle-placement-during-retinal-detachment-repair
#5
Vincent Y Ho, Vaishali G Shah, David M Yates, Gaurav K Shah
OBJECTIVE: GoPro and Google Glass technology have previously been used to record procedures in ophthalmology and other medical fields. In this manuscript, GoPro's latest HERO 4 Black edition camera (GoPro Inc, San Mateo, Calif.) will be used to record the placement of a scleral buckle during retinal detachment surgery. METHODS: GoPro HERO 4 Black edition camera, which records 4K-quality video with a resolution of 3840 (pixels) x 2160 (lines), was mounted on a head strap to record placement of a scleral buckle for a retinal detachment...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750143/characterization-of-small-molecule-scaffolds-that-bind-to-the-shigella-type-iii-secretion-system-protein-ipad
#6
Supratim Dey, Asokan Anbanandam, Ben E Mumford, Roberto N De Guzman
Many pathogens such as Shigella and other bacteria assemble the type III secretion system (T3SS) nanoinjector to inject virulence proteins into their target cells to cause infectious diseases in humans. The rise of drug resistance among pathogens that rely on the T3SS for infectivity, plus the dearth of new antibiotics require alternative strategies in developing new antibiotics. The Shigella T3SS tip protein IpaD is an attractive target for developing anti-infectives because of its essential role in virulence and its exposure on the bacterial surface...
July 27, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736403/combating-health-disparities-in-cambodian-american-communities-a-cbpr-approach-to-building-community-capacity
#7
S Megan Berthold, Sengly Kong, Theanvy Kuoch, Elizabeth A Schilling, Rasy An, Mary Blatz, Rorng Sorn, Sivheng Ung, Yorn Yan, Mary Scully, Seiya Fukuda, Lorin Mordecai
BACKGROUND: Cambodian Americans have higher rates of health problems compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A relatively modest community capacity for collecting data contributes to these disparities. OBJECTIVES: To (1) further develop the Cambodian American community's capacity to design and conduct health research meaningful to their community via a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, (2) train and deploy bilingual community health workers (CHWs) to gather health-related data from their communities using mobile technology, and (3) measure the feasibility and effectiveness of our efforts...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728604/target-d-a-stratified-individually-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-diamond-clinical-prediction-tool-to-triage-and-target-treatment-for-depressive-symptoms-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jane Gunn, Caroline Wachtler, Susan Fletcher, Sandra Davidson, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Victoria Palmer, Kelsey Hegarty, Amy Coe, Elizabeth Murray, Christopher Dowrick, Gavin Andrews, Patty Chondros
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent and costly disorder. Effective treatments are available but are not always delivered to the right person at the right time, with both under- and over-treatment a problem. Up to half the patients presenting to general practice report symptoms of depression, but general practitioners have no systematic way of efficiently identifying level of need and allocating treatment accordingly. Therefore, our team developed a new clinical prediction tool (CPT) to assist with this task...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724511/apps-for-health-related-education-in-pharmacy-practice-needs-assessment-survey-among-patients-within-a-large-metropolitan-area
#9
Sean M Mirk, Nicole Marie Wegrzyn
BACKGROUND: Patient education resources are crucial to the effectiveness of prescribed pharmacotherapy. However, user interest and patient preference for these materials is lacking. Regardless of the field, nearly every article on designing mHealth apps references the lack of end-user involvement as a key flaw to sustainable design. The traditional paper-based methods of patient education are difficult to tailor to a patient's specific needs and learning styles, but a customizable app might be beneficial...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718079/symptom-self-management-strategies-reported-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy
#10
Lauri A Linder, Jeanne M Erickson, Kristin Stegenga, Catherine Fiona Macpherson, Sarah Wawrzynski, Christina Wilson, Suzanne Ameringer
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer experience multiple symptoms related to their cancer and its treatment which can negatively impact their development and quality of life. An understanding of the strategies AYAs use to self-manage their symptoms is limited. This study described symptom self-management strategies reported by AYAs with cancer using an iPad-based symptom heuristics tool, the Computerized Symptom Capture Tool. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design...
July 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717871/sleeve-gastrectomy-telementoring-a-sages-multi-institutional-quality-improvement-initiative
#11
Ninh T Nguyen, Allan Okrainec, Mehran Anvari, Brian Smith, Oz Meireles, Denise Gee, Erin Moran-Atkin, Evelyn Baram-Clothier, Diego R Camacho
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is a relatively new procedure that developed as a result of rapid innovation in the field of bariatric surgery. As with any newly developed operation, there is a learning curve that potentially can be associated with higher morbidity. Real-time surgical mentoring reduces the learning curve effect but can be time intensive for the mentor. The aim of this initiative was to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and satisfaction of surgical telementoring for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712124/sexual-violence-associated-with-poor-mental-health-in-women-attending-australian-general-practices
#12
Laura Tarzia, Sarah Maxwell, Jodie Valpied, Kitty Novy, Rebecca Quake, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: Sexual violence (SV) against adult women is prevalent and associated with a range of mental health issues. General practitioners could potentially have a role in responding, however, there is little information to help guide them. Data around prevalence of all forms of adult SV (not just rape) is inconsistent, particularly in clinical samples, and the links between other forms of SV and mental health issues are not well supported. This study aimed to address these gaps in the knowledge base...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705913/interpretation-modalities-used-on-family-centered-rounds-perspectives-of-spanish-speaking-families
#13
Ashley Anttila, David I Rappaport, Johan Tijerino, Nusrat Zaman, Iman Sharif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Limited-English-proficient (LEP) patients and families are at risk for worse hospital outcomes due to impaired communication. Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become the preferred format for information sharing among providers and families at pediatric institutions. However, there are limited data on FCR among LEP families, particularly regarding interpretation type. We sought to examine the relationships between interpretation type and FCR satisfaction and efficacy among Spanish-speaking families, the fastest growing LEP population in pediatric hospitals...
July 13, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698334/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-sexual-health-clinic-based-automated-text-message-reminders-on-testing-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-protocol-for-the-t2t-study
#14
Huachun Zou, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Shujie Huang, Tianjian Jia, Xuan Zhang, Zhenzhou Luo, Yi Ding, Ligang Yang, Jinmei Han, Weiying Chen, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen, China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693472/hospital-staffs-perceptions-of-an-electronic-program-to-engage-patients-in-nutrition-care-at-the-bedside-a-qualitative-study
#15
Shelley Roberts, Andrea Marshall, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Advancements in technology are enabling patients to participate in their health care through self-monitoring and self-management of diet, exercise and chronic disease. Technologies allowing patients to participate in hospital care are still emerging but show promise. Our team is developing a program by which hospitalised patients can participate in their nutrition care. This study explores hospital staffs' perceptions of using this technology to engage patients in their care...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690480/the-use-of-planned-behavior-theory-in-predicting-cigarette-smoking-among-waterpipe-smokers
#16
Naif H Alanazi, Jerry W Lee, Hildemar Dos Santos, Jayakaran S Job, Khaled Bahjri
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe and cigarette smoking have been found to be associated with each other as cigarette smokers were more likely to be waterpipe users than non-cigarette smokers. Also, waterpipe smokers were likely to be former daily cigarette users. The aim of this study is to examine the likelihood of waterpipe use leading to cigarette use among current waterpipe users using theory of planned behavior. METHODS: Four hundred six current waterpipe smokers who initially had started tobacco use with the waterpipe were recruited from 15 waterpipe lounges in 2015...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686060/show-me-the-money-an-analysis-of-underserved-stakeholders-funding-priorities-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research-domains
#17
Stephanie Solomon Cargill, Lauren Lyn Baker, Susan Dorr Goold
AIM: Develop an accessible exercise to engage underserved populations about research funding priorities; analyze the criteria they use to prioritize research; contrast these criteria to those currently used by Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). MATERIALS & METHODS: Academic and community partners collaborated to develop an Ipad exercise to facilitate group deliberation about PCOR funding priorities. Sixteen groups (n = 183) of underserved individuals in both urban and rural areas participated...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683231/sound-intensity-feedback-during-running-reduces-loading-rates-and-impact-peak
#18
Jeremiah J Tate, Clare E Milner
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, within session design. Background Gait retraining has been proposed as an effective intervention to reduce impact loading in runners at risk of stress fractures. Interventions that can be easily implemented in the clinic are needed. Objective To assess the immediate effects of sound intensity feedback related to impact during running on vertical impact peak (VIP), peak vertical instantaneous loading rate (VILR), and vertical average loading rate (VALR). Methods Fourteen healthy, college-aged runners who ran at least 9...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679580/use-of-an-ipad-app-to-simulate-pressure-volume-loops-and-cardiovascular-physiology
#19
Staci Leisman, Daniel Burkhoff
The purpose of this laboratory exercise is to model the changes in preload, afterload, and contractility on a simulated pressure-volume loop and to correlate those findings with common measurements of clinical cardiovascular physiology. Once students have modeled these changes on a healthy heart, the students are asked to look at a simulated case of cardiogenic shock. Effects on preload, contractility, and afterload are explored, as well as the hemodynamic effects of a number of student-suggested treatment strategies...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679263/music-perception-improves-in-children-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants-or-bimodal-devices
#20
Melissa J Polonenko, Sara Giannantonio, Blake C Papsin, Pasquale Marsella, Karen A Gordon
The objectives of this study were to determine if music perception by pediatric cochlear implant users can be improved by (1) providing access to bilateral hearing through two cochlear implants or a cochlear implant and a contralateral hearing aid (bimodal users) and (2) any history of music training. The Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Musical Ability test was presented via soundfield to 26 bilateral cochlear implant users, 8 bimodal users and 16 children with normal hearing. Response accuracy and reaction time were recorded via an iPad application...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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