keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Zoo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532793/streptococcus-agalactiae-in-elephants-a-comparative-study-with-isolates-from-human-and-zoo-animal-and-livestock-origin
#1
Tobias Eisenberg, Jörg Rau, Uta Westerhüs, Tobias Knauf-Witzens, Ahmad Fawzy, Karen Schlez, Michael Zschöck, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff, Carsten Heydel, Reinhard Sting, Stefanie P Glaeser, Dipen Pulami, Mark van der Linden, Christa Ewers
Streptococcus (S.) agalactiae represents a significant pathogen for humans and animals. However, there are only a few elderly reports on S. agalactiae infections in wild and zoo elephants even though this pathogen has been isolated comparatively frequently in these endangered animal species. Consequently, between 2004 and 2015, we collected S. agalactiae isolates from African and Asian elephants (n=23) living in four different zoos in Germany. These isolates were characterised and compared with isolates from other animal species (n=20 isolates) and humans (n=3)...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528556/proventriculitis-associated-with-cryptosporidium-baileyi-in-a-snowy-owl-bubo-scandiacus-and-its-epidemiological-investigation
#2
Shotaro Nakagun, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Miki Sugimoto, Sohei Tomikawa, Kenichi Watanabe, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi
We describe an unusual case of proventriculitis associated with Cryptosporidium baileyi in a 7-wk-old snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) chick kept at a zoo. Necropsy of this animal revealed diffuse mucosal thickening of the proventriculus. Subsequent histopathological examinations of the proventriculus showed marked ductal epithelial hyperplasia with intestinal metaplasia and severe inflammatory cell infiltration in the lamina propria and submucosa. These lesions were associated with numerous periodic-acid-Schiff-positive cryptosporidia-like protozoan parasites...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500361/-live-animals-and-staged-nature-drawing-and-photography-in-german-popular-zoology-between-1860-and-1910
#3
Alexander Gall
It is the central thesis of this paper that the "biological perspective" (Lynn Nyhart) typical for Germany, with its interest in living animals, not only influenced natural history practices in many ways during the second half of the 19th century, rather also shaped the illustrations of popular zoology publications, as for example those in Brehms Thierleben. The illustrators of this period preferred to use live animals as models, which they studied in zoos. These animals were often depicted in their "natural" habitats...
May 12, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493440/tear-production-intraocular-pressure-and-conjunctival-bacterial-flora-in-selected-captive-wild-ruminants
#4
Pavel Kvapil, Tina Pirš, Brigita Slavec, Roman Luštrik, Tadej Zemljič, Eva Bártová, Bojana Stranjac, Marjan Kastelic
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of tear production (Schirmer's tear test, STT) and measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) were performed in a population of captive wild ungulates in a Slovenian ZOO during routine annual health check. ANIMALS STUDIED: In total, 10 fallow deer (Dama dama), 25 mouflons (Ovis aries musimon), 20 alpine ibexes (Capra ibex), and three alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) were included in the study. METHODS: Tear production was performed by Schirmer's tear test, IOP was measured with an applanation tonometer, and ophthalmological examination was conducted with slit-lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy...
May 11, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487453/adaptation-of-the-animal-welfare-assessment-grid-awag-for-monitoring-animal-welfare-in-zoological-collections
#5
W S M Justice, M F O'Brien, O Szyszka, J Shotton, J E M Gilmour, P Riordan, S Wolfensohn
Animal welfare monitoring is an essential part of zoo management and a legal requirement in many countries. Historically, a variety of welfare audits have been proposed to assist zoo managers. Unfortunately, there are a number of issues with these assessments, including lack of species information, validated tests and the overall complexity of these audits which make them difficult to implement in practice. The animal welfare assessment grid (AWAG) has previously been proposed as an animal welfare monitoring tool for animals used in research programmes...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484632/relict-or-reintroduction-genetic-population-assignment-of-three-tasmanian-devils-sarcophilus-harrisii-recovered-on-mainland-australia
#6
Lauren C White, Jeremy J Austin
Today, the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is found only on the island of Tasmania, despite once being widespread across mainland Australia. While the devil is thought to have become extinct on the mainland approximately 3000 years ago, three specimens were collected in Victoria (south-eastern Australia) between 1912 and 1991, raising the possibility that a relict mainland population survived in the area. Alternatively, these devils may have escaped captivity or were deliberately released after being transported from Tasmania, a practice that has been strictly controlled since the onset of devil facial tumour disease in the early 1990s...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484620/group-size-and-visitor-numbers-predict-faecal-glucocorticoid-concentrations-in-zoo-meerkats
#7
Katy Scott, Michael Heistermann, Michael A Cant, Emma I K Vitikainen
Measures of physiological stress in zoo animals can give important insights into how they are affected by aspects of their captive environment. We analysed the factors influencing variation in glucocorticoid metabolites in faeces (fGCs) from zoo meerkats as a proxy for blood cortisol concentration, high levels of which are associated with a stress response. Levels of fGCs in captive meerkats declined with increasing group size. In the wild, very small groups of meerkats are at a higher risk of predation, while in larger groups, there is increased competition for resources...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478930/erosion-of-canine-teeth-in-babirusa-genus-babyrousa
#8
Alastair A Macdonald
Patterns of wear on the canine teeth were examined in 260 adult male babirusa skulls. Video recordings of 161 adult male babirusas at salt licks in North Sulawesi were viewed for behaviour related to erosion of the canine teeth. Corresponding observations were made of the behaviour of male babirusa in Antwerp and Surabaya Zoos. Most loss of maxillary canine dental tissue was from the ventro-lateral or lateral surface of the tooth, towards its distal end. The teeth were smoothly flattened on a plane approximating to the plane formed on the side of the face by the snout, the zygion and the zygomatic process...
May 3, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472930/three-novel-pseudomonas-phages-isolated-from-composting-provide-insights-into-the-evolution-and-diversity-of-tailed-phages
#9
Deyvid Amgarten, Layla Farage Martins, Karen Cristina Lombardi, Luciana Principal Antunes, Ana Paula Silva de Souza, Gianlucca Gonçalves Nicastro, Elliott Watanabe Kitajima, Ronaldo Bento Quaggio, Chris Upton, João Carlos Setubal, Aline Maria da Silva
BACKGROUND: Among viruses, bacteriophages are a group of special interest due to their capacity of infecting bacteria that are important for biotechnology and human health. Composting is a microbial-driven process in which complex organic matter is converted into humus-like substances. In thermophilic composting, the degradation activity is carried out primarily by bacteria and little is known about the presence and role of bacteriophages in this process. RESULTS: Using Pseudomonas aeruginosa as host, we isolated three new phages from a composting operation at the Sao Paulo Zoo Park (Brazil)...
May 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472180/serum-biochemistry-panels-in-african-buffalo-defining-reference-intervals-and-assessing-variability-across-season-age-and-sex
#10
Claire E Couch, Morgan A Movius, Anna E Jolles, M Elena Gorman, Johanna D Rigas, Brianna R Beechler
Serum biochemical parameters can be utilized to evaluate the physiological status of an animal, and relate it to the animal's health. In order to accurately interpret individual animal biochemical results, species-specific reference intervals (RI) must be established. Reference intervals for biochemical parameters differ between species, and physiological differences including reproductive status, nutritional resource availability, disease status, and age affect parameters within the same species. The objectives of this study were to (1) establish RI for biochemical parameters in managed African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), (2) assess the effects of age, sex, pregnancy, and season on serum biochemistry values, and (3) compare serum biochemistry values from a managed herd to a free-ranging buffalo herd and to values previously published for captive (zoo) buffalo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470247/hydrodynamics-of-defecation
#11
Patricia J Yang, Morgan LaMarca, Candice Kaminski, Daniel I Chu, David L Hu
Animals discharge feces within a range of sizes and shapes. Such variation has long been used to track animals as well as to diagnose illnesses in both humans and animals. However, the physics by which feces are discharged remain poorly understood. In this combined experimental and theoretical study, we investigate the defecation of mammals from cats to elephants using the dimensions of large intestines and feces, videography at Zoo Atlanta, cone-on-plate rheological measurements of feces and mucus, and a mathematical model of defecation...
May 4, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469608/genome-centric-analysis-of-a-thermophilic-and-cellulolytic-bacterial-consortium-derived-from-composting
#12
Leandro N Lemos, Roberta V Pereira, Ronaldo B Quaggio, Layla F Martins, Livia M S Moura, Amanda R da Silva, Luciana P Antunes, Aline M da Silva, João C Setubal
Microbial consortia selected from complex lignocellulolytic microbial communities are promising alternatives to deconstruct plant waste, since synergistic action of different enzymes is required for full degradation of plant biomass in biorefining applications. Culture enrichment also facilitates the study of interactions among consortium members, and can be a good source of novel microbial species. Here, we used a sample from a plant waste composting operation in the São Paulo Zoo (Brazil) as inoculum to obtain a thermophilic aerobic consortium enriched through multiple passages at 60°C in carboxymethylcellulose as sole carbon source...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467495/identification-of-shedders-of-elephant-endotheliotropic-herpesviruses-among-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus-in-switzerland
#13
Mathias Ackermann, Jean-Michel Hatt, Nelli Schetle, Hanspeter Steinmetz
Elephants, particularly Asian (Elephas maximus), are threatened by lethal elephant hemorrhagic disease (EHD) due to elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses (EEHV). At least five of seven known EEHV types have been associated to EHD, with types 1, 4, and 5 predominantly affecting Asian elephants. In Switzerland, at least three Asian elephants have been lost due to EHD but nothing is known about the present EEHV1 circulation. Moreover, the prevalence of other EEHV types has never been assessed. Intermittent shedding of EEHV can be monitored through collecting trunk secretions and analyzing them by PCR methods that discriminate the different EEHV types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443822/an-eight-year-survey-of-the-intestinal-parasites-of-carnivores-hoofed-mammals-primates-ratites-and-reptiles-in-the-ljubljana-zoo-in-slovenia
#14
Pavel Kvapil, Marjan Kastelic, Alenka Dovc, Eva Bartova, Petr Cizek, Natacha Lima, Spela Strus
Problems with parasitic infections and their interspecies transmissions are common in zoological gardens and could pose serious health damage to captive animals. This study presents results of eight-year monitoring of intestinal parasites in animals from Zoo Ljubljana, Slovenia. A total of 741 faecal samples from 40 animal species were collected two to four times per year and examined microscopically. Intestinal parasites were detected in 45% of samples, with detection of helminths (Cestoda, Nematoda - Ascaridida, Enoplida, Strongylida, Oxyurida, Rhabditida and Trichurida) and protists (Apicomplexa and Ciliophora) in 25% and 13% of samples, respectively; mixed infection was found in 7% of samples...
April 21, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432238/iraqi-zoo-s-animals-reach-safety
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432192/evidence-that-avian-influenza-vaccination-induces-long-lived-immune-responses-in-zoo-birds
#16
H Fernández-Bellon, J Vergara-Alert, V Almagro, R Rivas, N Majó, N Busquets, A Ramis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429584/dna-metabarcoding-of-unfractionated-water-samples-relates-phyto-zoo-and-bacterioplankton-dynamics-and-reveals-a-single-taxon-bacterial-bloom
#17
Christian Wurzbacher, Katrin Attermeyer, Marie Therese Kettner, Clara Flintrop, Norman Warthmann, Sabine Hilt, Hans-Peter Grossart, Michael T Monaghan
Most studies of aquatic plankton focus on either macroscopic or microbial communities, and on either eukaryotes or prokaryotes. This separation is primarily for methodological reasons, but can overlook potential interactions among groups. We tested whether DNA metabarcoding of unfractionated water samples with universal primers could be used to qualitatively and quantitatively study the temporal dynamics of the total plankton community in a shallow temperate lake. We found significant changes in the relative proportions of normalized sequence reads of eukaryotic and prokaryotic plankton communities over a three-month period in spring...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427115/personality-assessment-and-model-comparison-with-behavioral-data-a-statistical-framework-and-empirical-demonstration-with-bonobos-pan-paniscus
#18
Jordan S Martin, Scott A Suarez
Interest in quantifying consistent among-individual variation in primate behavior, also known as personality, has grown rapidly in recent decades. Although behavioral coding is the most frequently utilized method for assessing primate personality, limitations in current statistical practice prevent researchers' from utilizing the full potential of their coding datasets. These limitations include the use of extensive data aggregation, not modeling biologically relevant sources of individual variance during repeatability estimation, not partitioning between-individual (co)variance prior to modeling personality structure, the misuse of principal component analysis, and an over-reliance upon exploratory statistical techniques to compare personality models across populations, species, and data collection methods...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421044/comparative-genomics-of-glossina-palpalis-gambiensis-and-g-morsitans-morsitans-to-reveal-gene-orthologs-involved-in-infection-by-trypanosoma-brucei-gambiense
#19
Illiassou Hamidou Soumana, Bernadette Tchicaya, Stéphanie Rialle, Hugues Parrinello, Anne Geiger
Blood-feeding Glossina palpalis gambiense (Gpg) fly transmits the single-celled eukaryotic parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Tbg), the second Glossina fly African trypanosome pair being Glossina morsitans/T.brucei rhodesiense. Whatever the T. brucei subspecies, whereas the onset of their developmental program in the zoo-anthropophilic blood feeding flies does unfold in the fly midgut, its completion is taking place in the fly salivary gland where does emerge a low size metacyclic trypomastigote population displaying features that account for its establishment in mammals-human individuals included...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418764/disease-surveillance-of-california-ground-squirrels-spermophilus-beecheyi-in-a-drive-through-zoo-in-oregon-usa
#20
Julia Ter Beest, Andrew Cushing, Modesto McClean, Wendy Hsu, Robert Bildfell
Rodents and other small wild mammals are often considered to be pests and vectors for disease in zoos that house small populations of valuable threatened and endangered animals. In 2005, three nonhuman primates at a drive-through zoo in Oregon, USA, acquired tularemia from an unknown source. Due to an abundance of California ground squirrels ( Spermophilus beecheyi ) on zoo grounds, we instituted serosurveillance of this species from July through September 2008 to determine the prevalence of antibodies against pathogens considered to be potentially transmissible to collection animals...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
keyword
keyword
49471
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"